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April 29, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Yanks Fight 22 Miles From Berlin

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Last Enemy
Stronghold Is
Under Attack
Germans Encircled;
Resistance Totters
PARIS, Sunday, April 29.- ()-
American Armies crushed down to-
day on Germany's last major strong-
hold, rolling an unstoppable wall of
tanks to within 22 miles of Munich,
cradle of Nazidom that already was
reported torn by revolt.
President Truman announced at
Washington, after checking with
General Eisenhower here, that a re-
port from San Francisco that Ger-
many had agreed to unconditional
surrender was unfounded. Senator
Tom Connally (Dem., Tex.), vice-
chairman of the American delegation
to the San Francisco conference, as-
serted, however, that the surrender
was expected "hourly".
Supreme Headquarters said no1
German capitulation offer had been
Germans Withdraw
From Elbe River
LONDON, April 28.-(P)--The Ger-
mans have withdrawn all their troops
from the middle Elbe River line fac-
ing the Americans and have thrown
thm into the battle for Berlin but
still have been unable to prevent
deepening Russian penetrations into
the city, the Hamburg radio said
This broadcast by the Nazi station
said the Germans had practically
stopped fighting the Americans in
north central Germany "to concen-
trate all the remaining strength of
the Reich against the Bolshevik flood
rolling westward."
received here but that did not mean
none had been made directly to one
or more Allied capitals. The San
Francisco reports said an ultimatum
had been delivered to Heinrich Him-
mler after tht Gestapo chief asserted
Adolf Hitler was dying and he (Him-
mler) wanted to give up to the Unit-
ed States and Britain.
The Allies were reported to have
said Germany must surrender com-
pletely to the United States, Russia
and Britain or face intensified de-
struction of her remaining physical
assets and military forces.
The hour for such tactics was
growing late, for the Reich now was
split into two traps, one on the north
barely the size of Indiana and one
on the south little larger than Col-
The southern one was crumbling
badly at its very core under the blows
of the U.S. Third and Seventh and
French First Armies.
The Seventh Army was but 25
miles west of Munich, considered the
northern bastion of the Alpine re-
doubt, and the U.S. Third Army was
27 miles away on the north.
Hopwood Entry
Closes Tuesday
Manuscripts in the annual Avery
and Jule Hopwood contest in creative
writing are due on Tuesday at 4:30
p.m. in the Hopwood Room.
The awards, first given in 1931,
total $8,000 in the drama, poetry,
essay and fiction fields. The contest
is the nation's oldest and largest in
amateur creative writing and is lim-
ited to non-professional resident stu-
Announcement of the winners in
the contest will be made about June

Today Lecture: Prof. Shao
Chang Lee, head of the
Institute of Foreign Cul-
ture at Michigan State
College, will speak on
"T' Th Fturt'c in the Pacific~

Soviet Army
Takes Over in
Dying Berhl
Rumors of German
Surrender Denied
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Sunday, April 29.-Sov-
:et armies, taking a final strangle-
hold on dying Berlin, hurled its de-
fenders back into a shell-raked 25-
square-mile pocket in the city's cen-
ter yesterday while thousands of
German troops gave up the suicidal
struggle and surrendered to the Red
German resistance was fanatical
out it was tottering. Almost all the
city but the central pocket, which
was forged by a Red Army inner ring
of encirclement, was in Russian
While the city lashed in its death
agonies, Soviet forces north of the
capital smashed out across the Meck-
lenburg plains on an expanding 81-
mile front and gained up to 22 miles
toward Rostock and Hamburg in a
clean-up of the isolated northern
half of Adolf Hitler's now-bisected
third Reich.
Capture Five Major Towns
These forces captured five major
towns, including Pasewalk, where
Hitler, blinded by gas, in November,
1918, resolved in a military hospital
to become a politician, rebuild Ger-
many's military power and avenge
the Versailles Treaty.
Three major Berlin city districts
and parts of three others were cap-
tured by the First White Russian
and First Ukrainian Armies as they
battled up to three miles through
blazing streets and linked up in wes-
tern Berlin, Moscow revealed.
13,000 Troops Surrender
More than 13,000 enemy troops
straggled through desert-like clouds
of dust to Red Army lines where they
surrendered, while southeast of Ber-
'in another 14,000 enemy troops were
aken prisoner in a giant trap.
Phi Beta Kappa
Nwnuiinates 44
New Member
Forty-four students were honored
at the thirty-seventh annual initia-
ion of the Alpha Chapter of Michi-
Tan, Phi Beta Kappa. Thursday in
'he Rackham Amphitheatre.
The initiates are:
College of Literature, Science, and
tl Arts, juniors Harry Loberman
.nd Joyce Marilyn Siegan.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, seniors: Betty Jane Ander-
son, Sally Ann Boim, Harry William
Daum, Elizabeth Ann Follin, Robert
John Gaukler, Nancy Joan Groberg,
John Hay, Martha Ferar Klee, Eliz-
abeth Harrison Kopchick, Richard
James Koppitch, Eugene John Kul-
inski, Robert Owen McWilliams, Na-
talie Elizabeth Mattern, Violet Mise-
kow, Loraine Elizabeth Naum, Evelyn
Edith Phillips, Betty Caroline Bou-
dier Ruppert, Sarah Elsegood Smy-
the, Susan Stacy, Helen Elaine
Thrasher, and Joan Patricia Welker.
School of Education: Lois Virginia

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PREFACE TO YANK-RUSSIAN JUNCTURE-Arrows locate principal drives of Allied forces in Germany
including action leading to the juncture of the Russians and Americans at Torgau (circled.)

True Peace Soon
No Official Confirmation Received
On Reported Himmler Peace Move
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 28-President Truman said tonight that
Germany had not yet surrendered unconditionally-but highly placed
American officials in San Francisco asserted they expected a surrender
announcement at any time.
In the nation's capital, the chief executive called a night news con-
ference at the White House to state that there was no foundation for the
reports that Germany had finally given up. He said he had communi-
cated with General Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters to check the
reports which literally had run around the world in the early hours of the
However, Chairman Connally (D.-Tex.) of the Senate foreign rela-
tions committee, who is also vice-chairman of the American delegation
to the United Nations conference on the west coast reiterated, in the
wake of the President's statement, that he expected word of the Nazi
capitulation to be given out momentarily.
But the White House made it clear no Saturday night announcement
was expected. Crowds were in the streets here and elsewhere, apparently
awaiting an official confirmation to touch off a Saturday night V-E cele-
"No Foundation for Rumor"--Truman
Tension gripped Washington, and President Truman, who had left the
White House in the early afternoon for his temporary residence in nearby
Blair house, returned to the executive offices. He summoned an emergency
;news conference to say that "there is no foundation for the rumor" that
Germany had finally given up.
As the military debacle in the Reich mounted hourly the juncture of
American and British armies south of tottering Berlin, Mr. Truman talked
to the assembled reporters.
Trum an's Statement.
WASHINGTON, April 27-( P)-President Truman tonight author-
ized the following direct quotations on his denial that Germany has
"Well, I was over here, as you can see, doing a little work, and the
rumor got started.
"I had a call from San Francisco and the State Department called
"I just got in touch with Admiral Leahy and had him call our
headquarters-Commander in Chief in Europe-and there is no founda-
tion for the rumor.
"That is all I have to say."
The President was then asked "are you going to stand by?"
"I am going to finish this work," he said.
His statement, while denying that a surrender had taken place, did not
rule out the possibility that a capitulation is in the offing.
In San Francisco, Senator Connally said later in the evening that he
expected a surrender announcement "momentarily."
Connally Says Surrender Imminent
Connally, in making the statement, was aware of the White House
'The Texan said his information was that the German offer to meet
the Allied terms-that is, unconditional surrender to the three big powers,
the United States, Great Britain and Russia-had come from Gestapo chief
Heinrich Himmler, reporter to be acting for Adolf Hitler, described as ill.
Nation Celebrates Too Early


Duke Ellington
To Highlight
Senior Dance
'Band of Year' Swings
In from Carncgia Hall
Duke Ellington, creator of a new
vogue in modern music, will come
"direct from Carnegie Hall" to Ann
Arbor to appear at the 1945 revival
of an all-campus Senior Ball Friday,
June 1 in the I-M Building.
Senior classes of the literary and
engineering schools will sponsor the
Ball for members of all schools.
Tickets will go on sale Wednesday at
the Union Travel Desk.
Chairmen Named
Jim Plate and Bob Precious, A/Sj
USNR, are co-chairmen. Jim Wallis,
A/S USNR, is in charge of tickets;
Betty Willemin will arrange the list
of patrons; Pat Coulter is program
chairman, and Bill Culligan A/S
USNR is buildings chairman. Tom
Bliska and Mary Ann Jones will edit
a pocket-sized Senior Ball Maga-
zine, copies of which will be distribut-
ed as favors. Hank Mantho and
Mavis Kennedy are co-publicity
Duke Ellington, composer of "clas-
sic" jazz has been making a name
for his band and his music for a de-
cade and a half. Among the awards
received by Ellington is the anniver-
sary plaque presented him at his
Carnegie Hall concert. The plaque
was signed by 32 leading American
Rated Top Band
"Downbeat," national swing-band'
music magazine recorded Ellington as
the top band of the year in their'
annual contest. "Metronome" maga-
zine also designated him as the only
"A-plus" band in its 1945 All-Star
Band poll. "Esquire" magazine nam-
ed Ellington as the number one man
"both as a bandleader and arranger"

Renowned Artists Will
Appear at May'* Festival
Four-Day Concert Series To Begin Thursday;
Six Newcomers, Old Favorites Featured

The fifty-second annual May Fes-
tival, traditional climax of the musi-
cal season for Ann Arbor and the
University, will bring such old favor-
ites as Ezio Pinza, Rudolph Serkin,
Bidu Sayao and the Philadelphia
Orchestra, in addition to six new-
comers, to the stage of Hill Audi-
torium for the four-day series of
concerts starting Thursdayand con-
tinuing through next Sunday.
Originated in 18c4
Originated in 1894 as the result of
an accident, the first May Festival
met with such success that the Board
of Directors of the University Musi-
cal Society decided to continue this
feature. Since that announcement
of three concerts by the Boston Fes-
tival Orchestra, the Festival has
grown to a series of six concerts, fea-
turing guest artists, the Choral Union
and the Festival Youth Chorus.
Famous people in the music world,
such as Piatigorsky, Milstein, Lubo-
shutz and Nemenoff and Lily Pons
have appeared on Festival concerts
in past years. The Philadelphia Or-
chestra, conducted by Eugene Or-
mandy, will participate in all Festi-
val programs for the tenth consecu-
tive season. Organized 45 years ago,
the orchestra was previously directed
by Leopold Stokowsky, Fritz Schell
and Carl Pohlig before Ormandy was
appointed co-conductor in 1936 and
later the orchestra's fourth conduc-
Caston, Associated Conductor
Saul Caston, associated conductor
of the Philadelphia Orchestra, was
once a member of the Russian Sym-
phony Orchestra. He will conduct
the orchestra in the Saturday after-
noon and evening concerts.
The first four concerts, as prey-

iously announced, will be given at
8:30 p.m. EWT Thursday and Fri-
day and 2:30 p.m. and 8:30 p.m.
EWT Saturday. The final concerts
will be presented at the same times
Sunday, May 6.
Serkin To Play
Pianist Rudolph Serkin will per -
form the Brahms "Concerto No. 2 in
B-flat major" (for piano and orches-
tra) at the Sunday afternoon con-
cert. Orchestral selections, including
a Bach-Onmandy arrangement of
the Chorale Prelude "O Mensch Be-
wein Dein' Sunde Gross" and Men-
delssohn's "Reformation" Symphony,
will precede the solo number.
Metropolitan artists Eleanor Ste-
ber, soprano; Hertha Glaz, contralto;
Frederick ,Jagel, tenor; and Nicola
Moscona, bass, will sing the solo
roles in the Bruckner "Te Deum Lau-
damus" Sunday night. The Univer-
sity Choral Union under the direction
,of Prof. Hardin Van Deursen will
also participate in this number.
Choral Union practice is being held
every day, and the Met. soloists will
arrive Thursday for a practice with
the group.
Single tickets for some of the con-
certs are still available; all season
tickets, however, are sold out.
Peace Charter
Is Revised in
Mock Parley
Five amendments to the Dumbar-
ton Oaks Charter were agreed upon
and several issues in relation to pol-
icy toward defeated Germany, Italy,
and Japan were discussed at the
mock Post-War Council United Na-
tions Conference yesterday by ap-
proximately 150 Michigan and
Wayne students.
The conference also agreed by a
nine to one vote that a copy of the
revised charter will be sent to the
American delegation in San Fran-
cisco. The dissenting vote was regis-
tered by Russia.
Afternoon Panel
During the afternoon panel on
"Feeling With Our Fallen Foes,"
delegates from the eleven Allied Na-
tions agreed that all key industries

By The Associated Press
The report from San Francisco
that Germany had surrendered un-
conditionally touched off subdued
and short-lived demonstrations in
most of the nation's cities last night.
The demonstrations, for the most
part a mixture of skepticism and ju-
bilation, quickly subsided after Pres-
ident Truman described as unfound-
ed the report given the Associated
Press by Senator Connally (Dm.,
Tex.), vice-chairman of the U.S. del-
egation to the Security Conference.
Many of the nation's newspapers
greeted the first report with extra
editions and screaming headlines. In
some towns church bells pealed and
whistles and horns blared. Crowds
thronged the squares of many towns,
City Calm at
Early V-E Tip
Initial reaction here to the quickly
denied report of unconditional Ger-
man surrender last night saw the
bubble of momentary joy burst into
stern realization that the war is not
In line with the announced policy
of handling V-E day celebrations, the
senior class of the Judge Advocate
General's School were immediately
alerted as MP's and began patrolling
assigned areas.

and gathered in front of newspaper
Times Square Jubilation
The jubilation lasted about half
an hour in New York's Times Square.
Cheers went up from thousands of
persons crowded onto sidewalks and
pieces of torn paper rained, down
from office buildings. Traffic was
halted on Seventh Ave. and 42nd St.
All New York police officers down to
the rank of captain were called to
duty and other members of the force
were ordered to standby.
Connally Origin
Of Premature
Peace Report
SAN FRANCISCO, April 28-()-
Senator Tom Connally, Texas Demo-
crat, Chairman of the U. S. Senate
foreign relations committee and vice
chairman of the American Delegation
to the United Nations Conference,
said tonight that he expects "momen-
tarily" an announcement that Ger-
many has surrendered uncondition-
Conally made his statement to a
reporter after he had been informed
that President Truman, in Washing-
ton, had said reports of Germany's
unconditional surrender were un-

State To Celebrate Yost's 70th Birthday

Fielding H. Yost, who tomorrow
celebrates his seventy-fourth birth-
day, received further tribute to his
great achievements in Michigan ath-
letics, last week when the State leg-
islature adopted a resolution declar-
ing April 30 as "Fielding H. Yost

which bears his name, and will per-
petuate the memory of a man whose
life has been dedicate dto instilling
in youth the spirit of competition
and fair play.
Yost started his Michigan football
coaching career in 1901 with his fam-
ed "Point-a-Minute" teams, and con-
tinued his meteoric rise until now his

he turned to the coaching pro-
fession, receiving his first appoint-
ment from Ohio Wesleyan. His
exceptional success there led to
many offers, and he coached at
Nebraska, Kansas, and Stanford,
before finally coming to Michigan
in 1901.
With such memorable stars as


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