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April 21, 1945 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-21

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WEATHER

Cloudy with Scattered
Showers

VOL. LV, No. 127 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1945
Soviet Forces Approach Blazing erman

PRICE FIVE CENTS
apital

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Allies Race T
Armies Approach
Nazi Stronghold
Peace Riots Reported Raging in Berlin,
Munich; British Hit Hamburg Suburbs
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Saturday, April 21-Three Allied armies raced as much as
23 miles south yesterday toward Hitler's redoubt in Bavaria, captured
Nuernberg and reached within 30 miles of Lake Constance, western bulwark
of the probable last-stand Nazi position deep in the Alps.
With the British battering a mile from the suburbs of Hamburg,
Germany's second greatest city, and with peace riots reported raging in
Berlin and Munich, Hitler passed silently through his 56th and blackest
birthday. But worse was in store.
Supreme headquarters declared flatly that the union of the western
Allies and the Red armies would come in the next few days. Gen. Eisen-
- Chower declared in an order of the

oward Bavaria;

Nuernberg

Taken

Moral Duties
Stressed b
Dr. Adams
Honor Students
At Convocation.
The sacrifices the world has nade
in this way are vain unless the moral
order, which measures for civilized
men the substance of human living,
is defended, asserted Dr. James P.
Adams, new University Provost,
speaking at the twenty-second an-
nual Honors Convocation, yesterday,
in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Standards of Thinking
Addressing more than 550 students
honored, Dr. Adams said that the
elevation of our standards of think-
ing depend on the enterprises of
higher education. The only truth
which can be transmitted for the
benefit of others, Dr. Adams said, is

--

Nazi Radio Says
Foe Is at 'Gates'
Russians Advuice 3 Miles Across
Berin's Southern Escape Corridor
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 20-Moscow revealed tonight that Russian tanks had
broken 38 miles across Berlin's southern escape corridor within 18 miles
of Dresden and 58 miles of American troops while the Germans said the Red
Army had breached Berlin's inner defense ring and was only seven miles
from the blazing German capital.
The Russians were at the "very gates" of Berlin, one German report
said, and a Wilhelmstrasse spokesman declared the yard-by-yard Russian
advance "in a hell of fire, steel and blood" was deciding the war. Peace
riots were reported in the capital.
Moscow's communique said that Russian forces, advancing on Berlin
and Dresden on a 100-mile front, had seized eight major strongholds while

Navy Officers
Will Assume
New Positions
Lt. Meany, Lt.-Conih.
Scott Leave Next Week
Lt.-Commander E. F. Scott, edu-
cational officer for the NROTC unit
and liaison officer for the Schools of
Medicine and Dentistry, and Lt. Ed-
mond S. Meany, Jr., educational offi-
cer for the Bluejacket unit, will leave
Ann Arbor next week to take up
duties elsewhere according to an
announcement from V-12 headquar-
ters yesterday.
It.-Comm. Scott, who has been
stationed at the University for al-
most two years, will first report to
Camp Perry, Williamsburg, Va. After
finishing his work there he will go
to the Damage Control School at
Philadelphia and later to Colgate
University at Hamilton, N.Y.
Lt. Meany will go to Chicago where
he will serve under the Commandant
of the Ninth Naval District. He has
been stationed here for one year.
Officers to fill the two positions
left vacant have not yet been desig-
nated.
Okinawa Naval
Losses Listed
15 U.S. Craft, 100
Jay Ships Destroyed
GUAM, Saturday, April 21.-(')--
Fleet Headquarters announced today
the loss of 15 naval craft between
March 18 and April 18 in the battle
of Okinawa and associated opera-
tions, and said during the same
period 100 enemy ships, besides many
small craft, were sunk and 2,569
enemy aircraft destroyed.
Strong Japanese resistance con-
tinued on the island, west of Oki-
nawa, but the Yanks there continued
to gain. At the end of April 18 they
counted 736 enemy dead. Today's
communique said they had started
to destroy enemy forces holding le-
gusugu Peak, a troublesome emi-
nence on the islet.
Senator Proposes Medal
For Columnist Ernie Pyle
WASHINGTON, April 20.- (P)-
Posthumous award of the congres-
sionalumedal of honor to Ernie Pyle,
Scripps-Howard columnist killed on
le Jima, was proposed in a resolution
introduced in the Senate today by
Senator Willis (Rep., Ind.)
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today "Cue-Ball" dnce will be
held from 9 p. m. to mid-
night in the Rainbow
Room of the Union.
April 22 Organ Recital by Frieda
Vogan at 4:15 p. m. EWT
(3:15 CWT) in Hill Aud-
inrim

day that German armies of the west
were "tottering on the threshold of
defeat."
Three great American armies, the
U. S. Ninth, First and Third, were
coiled and ready to strike along the
Elbe where by German account the
Americans and Russians were but 54}
miles apart.
Predict Power PunchI
The Germans predicted that soon
the Ninth Army would uncork a pow-
er punch at Berlin from its bridge-
head on the Elbe 52 miles away, con-
certing its blows with those of the
Russians now at the eastern gates of
the German capital.
Allied bombers loosed destruction
on German defenses northwest, west,
and southwest of Berlin along the
route the Allies from the west would
have to take to reach the capital.
They struck both by day and by night.
The fall of the Nazi party city of
Nuernberg released elements of two
armored and three infantry divisions
for the southward push that was driv-
ing a steel wedge between the Ger-
mans' Alpine retreat and Czechoslo-
vakia's arsenals. The Seventh Army
was less than 70 miles from Munich
and the French were but 65 miles
from the Austrian frontier. "
Nazis Losing Ports
Germany not only was losing con,
trol of her great ports-Bremen was
cut off from three sides with only
r oadls to the North Sea open-but she
was losing her grip on those of
France which she long had blockaded.
The French announced that the bigI
Atlaptic port of Bordeaux now was
open with all effective resistance wip-
ed from both sides of the Gironde
River approaches to the city.
From supreme headquarters went a
sensational broadcast to Russian and
Polish slave laborers in the Reich to
stay where they were
New Type Rocket
LONDON, April 20.-(/P)- Secret
work by American Air Force engi-
neers has developed a new type of
high-powered rocket bomb conceived.
by the British Navy for use against
German submarine and E-boat pens,
it was disclosed today.

that achieved in the heart and mind
of a wise man. "This fact," he said,
"transforms what would otherwise be
for you but a social privilege and an
intellectual experience into a moral
obligation to the society in which you
live."
Dr. Adams told students that they
can elevate standards of our think-
ing so that people will be as inter-
ested in the greater truths, revealed
by putting things together as they are
in the truths discovered by taking
things apart.
Peace Result, Not Cause
To achieve peace, he continued, we
must realize that peace is not a
cause but a result, in a world in
which there is respect for freedom,
devotion to justice, and fidelity to
truth. We must have a world, he
said, in which men dare to defend the
great heritages which have become es-
sential in the master plan of humane
living.
The time has come for a resurgence
of interest in the things'of the mind
and spirit, Dr. Adams said. To be
worthy of mankind, he explained, the
world of tomorrow must be fashioned
by the faith of men and supported by
the courage of their convictions.
Last Showing of
"Citizen Kane'
Will Be TOnight
The last performance of "Citizen
Kane" will be presented at 8:30 p.m.
EWT (7:30 p.m. CWT) today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
"Citizen Kane" is the Art Cinema
League's third presentation of out-
standing films selected from foreign
and American productions ito (he
campus.
The film stars Orson Welles and
his Mercury Players. Although fin-
ally released after a year of debate,
the film was banned in several cities
because of its parallel to the life of
William Randolph Hearst.

(AP wirephoto from YANK, the Army weekly)
A WAR-WEARY DOUGHBOY-Complete weariness is registered in the
face of Pfc. Joseph F. leradi (seated) of Philadelphia, Pa., as he awaited
treatment at the 80th Division field hospital on the U. S. Third Army
front. Soldier at right is unidentified.
Truman Receives Diplomats;
Gets Rprt from Harrimuant

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 20-Presi-
dent Truman, greeting the foreign
diplomatic corps in the midst of a
work-packed day, today expressed
hope for an era of cordial good feel-
ing among nations.
It was a day in which the President
shouldered many problems, foreign
Great Powers
Are Iseussed
13jv ijve'No 1 Fixed
Grolp, Slossoll Says
"We cannot consider the great
powers a permanent fixed group like
the stars in the sky," Prof. Preston
Slosson of the history department
stated in a discussion on "The Five
Roads to San Francisco" held last
night at the Hillel Foundation.
Considering each of the "Big Five"
separately as to its position and atti-
tude in world affairs, Prof. Slosson
first dealt with France and China.
Stating that France is humiliated as
a result of the war, he said that she
will demand recognition as a great
power and will champion the cause
of the smaller powers in order to
maintain their support. China, a
potential giant of power, Prof. Slos-
son explained, will seek recognition
as "the" Asiatic power, and will also
demand the return of her land taken
by Japan. 4 ,
Great Britain will seek to maintain
her importance through her sea pow-
er, he said, while Russia's attitude is
influenced by a feeling that she is
isolated. This isolation, Prof. Slosson
asserted, is manifested by her seek-
ing as friends the eastern European
powers.
Stus'pects Q uestioned
~ ~ ~ -~N U '

and domestic. For one thing, he got
a direct fill-in on tangled RussianI
affairs from W. Averill Harriman,
Ambassador to Moscow.
In the afternoon, at a reception
arranged by the state department,
Mr. Truman shook hands with 59
diplomats from abroad. He managed
to give the occasion the air of a good
neighbor welcoming the folks from
across the street.
Cordial Relations
"I met many of you whien I was
vice president and our relationship
was very good," he said in a brief
wpeech.
"I hope that our relationship will
continue to be just as cordial as it
was when I was vice president."
Harriman, home for consultation,
went to the White House with Secre-'
tary of State Stettinius and Under-
secretary Grew. Leaving the execu-
tive offices he had nothing to report
on the conference except that the talk
was "about Russia."
Discuss Molotov's Visit
Obviously, however, it was con-
cerned with such pressing matters as
the impending visit of Soviet For-
eign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov,
and the impasse over Russian de-
mnands for representation of the Mos-
cow-sponsored Warsaw provisional
government of Poland at the San
Francisco United Nations conference.

wave alter wave o Russian armo
lapped at a dozen other fortified
towns and villages within Berlin's
shattered defense ring east of the
city.
Defenders Fight On
Before the capital's eastern ap-
proaches, the German defenders of
the American and British-bombed
pity still were fighting after 150 hours
without sleep.
The Germans said that masses of
Russian tanks, infantry and big guns
still were pouring into the battle, pos-
sibly the greatest in history, claimed
that 1,300 Red Army tanks had been
destroyed, and disclosed that the Red
Army was 29 miles beyond the Oder
river after five days of fighting,
Fortresses Aid Armies
"The decision of the war is being
Xought in an inferno of flames,
searchlights and tht most hellish
noise ever heard," said a statement
issued in the Wilhelmstrasse. Ahead
of the attacking Russians 600 U. S.
Flying Fortresses pounded key junc-
tions in the Berlin area.
Moscow announced that Marshal
Gregory K. Zhukov's First White
Army had captured the strongholds
of Bad Freienwalde and Wriezen, 23
and 24 miles northeast of Berlin, and
had driven ten miles beyond the.
Oder, capturing the road junction
of Seelow, 26 miles east of the city.
Lebus Falls
While Lebus on the Oder, five miles
north of embattled Frankfurt, also
fell, the Germans said the Russians
were bursting toward Berlin's sub-
urbs on a 32-mile arc and had reach-
ed the town of Hangelsberg and the
area of Strausberg-seven and 10
miles east and northeast of the cap-
ital-after breaching the city's per-
imeter defenses.
Billiards King
To le Crownedl
Union Dance To Close
.- Weeks' C otesL
The king of campus pocket bil-
liards players will be crowned as
part of the entertainment at the
"Cue Ball", to be held from 9 p.m.
to midnight EWT today in the Rain-
bow Room of the Union.
Completing a billiards tournament
of two weeks duration, the play-offs
will begin at 10:15 p.m. EWT in the
Union billiards room. Coeds and
their dates will be allowed into the
pool room during the intermission
of the dance, and the progress of the
games will be announced at regular
intervals to the dancers.

Hume Chosen
By Eighty-Six
Ballot Majority
652 Vote.in Student
Publications Election
Polling 86 votes more than his
nearest opponent, Robert Hume was
re-elected student representative to
the Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications in the all-campus election
which saw 652 students go to the
polls yesterday.
Hume, who has already served one
term with the Board, will serve now
for three additional semesters. Hume
based his candidacy on his first-hand
knowledge of how the Board func-
tions, his many student contacts
which had given him an understand-
ing of student opinion on the prob-
lems that faced the Board, and his
desire to promote the' interests of the
students and to create good feeling
between the Board and the student
publications.
Of the other candidates in the
election, Allan Anderson polled 176
votes, James Martin 130 votes, and
Cornelia Groefsema 84 votes.
Senators Say
Peace Plans To
Be Liberalized
WASHINGTON, April 20.- (P)-
Senator Connally (Dem., Tex.) told
the Senate today that the Dumbar-
ton Oaks plan for world organiza-
tion probably will be liberalized at
San Francisco to provide for more
flexibility in future years.
Senator Vandenberg, (Rep., Mich.),
taking leave as another member of
the American delegation, said he was
going "with a sense of deepest dedi-
cation to a supreme cause.
No Chart for Millennium
He asked the senators not to ex-
pect a chart for the millennium to
come out of San Francisco, but as-
serted:
"I have faith that we may perfect
this charter of peace and justice so
that reasonable men of good will
shall find in it so much good, so
much emancipation for human
hopes, that all lesser doubts and dis-
agreements may be resolved in its
favor."
Sturdy Statement'
Vandenberg endorsed what he
called the "sturdy statement" by his
Texas colleague, in which Connally
said the American delegates hold no
"slavish devotion" to the precise
Dumbarton Oaks formula although
they are committed to its principles.
"We shall not be able to bring back
an instrument embodying perfec-
tion," Connally said. "There is no
instrument extant that does not have
somewhere in it things to which this
citizen, that citizen, or the other
citizen, or this country or the other
country may object.

NATIONAL MUSIC CAMP:
Director Announces Seventeen
Added to Interlochen Faculty
-I

Seventeen new members of 'the
1945 faculty for the National Music
Camp at Interlochen, comprised
mainly of instructors from other uni-
versities and colleges throughout the
country, have been announced by
Prof. Joseph E. Maddy, director of
the camp,
Hugh Altvater, '20, who since his
graduation from the University has
studied in Paris and Fontainebleau,
and is now Dean of the School of
Music at Woman's College, Univer-
sity of North Carolina, will be a new
addition to the National Music Camp
faculty. Non-union musicians from
other universities; Cecil Burleigh,
violin and compoistion, (pupil of

in past years. Three members of
the Music Camp faculty resigned
from the union in order to teach this
summer. Legislation to override Pet-
rillo's ban on student broadcasting
at Interlochen is now being consid-
ered by a House committee in-Wash-
ington, D. C. This attack on student
bands and orchestras has been term-
ed "Petrillo's War on the School
Children of America" by Sen. Arthur
Vandenberg of Michigan.
Members of the 1944 faculty re-
turning for the summer season in-
clude several from the' University
physical education department and
School of Music; William W. Norton,
conductor, Flint; Arthur L. Williams,

18-YEAR VOTE DEBATE:
First Plac. Won for Lanisini g
Eastern Iy Harrod, Clausen

Lansing Eastern High School won'
its first state championship by a
two-to-one decision yesterday in the
Twenty-Eighth Annual Champion-
ship Debate of the Michigan High

1930-31 and 1941-42, and was the
winner on the second occasion.
Trophies were presented to the
debaters by Marquis E. Shattuck,
director of language education in the
Detroit public schools, who acted as

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