. BAT DAT, N B
.. . . ........ ..
F.i T~s - A.wY .a 7 'iY V;1 EL i.V:
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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Kay MeFee .
. ' Managing Editor
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITORS: ROTh & FARMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by 'members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Test in Italy
HflIE POLICY of the Allies toward liberated
nations has been reaffirmed by the course
pursued in Italy. Last week the Allied Com-
mission returned political home-rule to the
The decision was reached by President Roose-
velt and Prime Minister Churchill previous to
the Crimea Conference. It means that acts
of the Bonomi Cabinet will no longer require
the assent of the Allied Commission,
The test came this week ivhen a left-wing
revolt threatened to oust the Bonomi govern-
ment. A demonstration before the royal palace
resulted in the death of an alleged Commu-
nist,-and the resignation of the premier was
However, the Communist party failed to throw
full support to the movement, requiring only
sweeping reforms in the existing government
rather than outright resignation. Thus a com-
promise solution appeared probable. !
during the crisis, the Allied Commission main-
tained its position of allowing the government
to settle its oWfn problems without interference,
so long as the war effort is not endangered.
This policy of non-intervention in spheres
with which we clearly have no concern is to
be commended, and inust form a precedent for
us to follow. A recognition of the right to
self-government of any capable nation is es-
sential to the mutual respect and considera-
tion upon which a latting peace must be
By BERNARD ROSENERG
T HE SUREST WAY to stigmatize any move-
ment or idea in America is to call it "social-
istic." The word actually has no referential
meaning. It is calculated to be emotive, to call
forth a series of unpleasant images, wand to
arouse sentiment agaiist something without re-
course to reason.
Karl Marx, Jesus Christ, Adolph Hitler, Lev
Nikoleyovitch Tolstoi, Henry George, Plato, Ber-
nard Shaw, Gene Debs-all these men could in
some sense be called socialists. They have been
given that label, ofeourse, but without addirp
a single iota to our understanding of them.
The solution to a. social probei tust be
viewed according to its own erit--whatever
the source and no matter how much we dis-
like its name. In such a frame of reference,
each issue can be worked out by stead- and
English statesmen are far ahead of us in this
respect. They are wise in their recognition
of the need for domestic reform as our cautious
leaders are not. Marquis Childs wrote in a
recent dispatch from London that British Labor-
ites generally expressed amazement over that
American conservatism which even mesmerizes
the laboring class in this country. There, they
speak seriously of nationalizing the coal mines;
here one must not even think of such a horrid
possibility. But, more mildly, every approxi-
mation of the Beveridge social security plan is
talked down in Congress as an impingement
upon free enterprise.
Now, England is the mst crjtiilistic con-
try on earth. By no stretch of the bountiful
imagination many eontro'er4sialists eni this
subject seem to have ca she becalled any-
thing but a fortress of the coninercial spirit
we regard so highly and revere so mmm.
Nonetheless, England's ailroads hre owned
and operated by the federal government
which fact plays hob with the argument that
if we follow suit, the next day commisars will
over-run America. England's radio system is
owned and operated by the federal govern-
ment But tell a hard-boiled member of the
National Association of Manufactu-ers that
the FCC should crack down on some uidem=n
cratic practices current i American radi-
and watch hi froth.
"Go to Russia if you like the system so uwh
is a typical response to anyone who suggests a
plan that originated in England o on t[,h
continent long before Leninisni -
IS SEASON in Ann Arbor two eminent ar
tists-one a conductor, the other an actor-
made proposals that are considered radieal and
worse yet, inconsistent wih the lil0 yiOIOlh by
which robber barons and economic royalist
live. Sergei Koussevitzky, in an interview with
The Daily, said that he favored establishing na
tional subsidization of musicians, symphony or-
chestras and composers. While he spoke, son
one from the back of his dressing-room chimed
in with the usual chatter about dangerous social
THIS WEEK'S NEWSPAPERS carried storie
of floods in Ohio and Mississippi River areas
Serious damage in communities around Pitts-
burgh, flooded streets in Louisville, and the los
of lives in the Ohio River area were reported
But also contained in these tragic accounts
was the reassuring news that the Red Cross
had poured a stream of relief personnel and
material in to the flood-stricken areas.
Last year the Red Cross was credited with
handling more than 200 disasters. Midwest-
ern floods early in 1944, which partially inun-
dated nine states, brought Red Cross workers
to the devastated areas. Swept by the June
2 tornado, in which 296 houses were destroy-
ed and 106 persons , lost their lives, the
damaged regions of West Virginia, Pennsyl-
vania and Maryland were likewise aided by
the Red Cross.
In such exigencies as the Hartford circus fire,
the Port Chicago, Cal. explosion, the eastern sea-
board hurricane and the Cleveland explosion and
fire, the Red Cross hurried to the scene with
To conduct all of these reief missionsinR
addition to war aetivities, the Red (ross must
have funds. The goal for the 1945 War Fund
campaign is $180,000,000. The campus quota
as set by the League and the Union is '5,500.
Because of the urgent need for the work done
by the Red Cross, this goal mut be met. In
order to do this, every person on campus must
contribute as much -,-d more- as he is finan=
cially able to do.
istic restriction. Koissevitzky answered i
manner so grand that it could have curdled
blue blood of the Cabots and the Lodges-th
traditional patrons of his whom he would gla
trade for the government.
Frances Lederer, displaying more insight in
these matters than dexterity as an actor, a
appeared in the role of a revolutionist or dev
advocate. He contended that it would be a
vantageous to adopt certain measures taken
the Czechoslovakian Republic-his homeland
which was capitalistic to its industrial co
Czechoslovakia, in common with every oti
European country, Russia aside, was unconta:
inated by political turpitude (more familia
known as guess what?) Yet, its government r
-state theaters. Czechoslovakia put up mon
through taxation of its people for that purpc
and to pay members of the acting professi
who received a weekly stipend and an ant
vacation. Actors could concentrate on the pt
fection of their craft and the improvement
their productions instead of on obtaining t
wherewithal to eke out an existence.
Another example comes readily to mine
President Hutchins of Chicago has suggest
that academic caste be abolished in America
universities. Ile would like to see equal pa
for all members of the faculty, with spec
rewards in case of exceptional scholarshi
etc. Hlis own- professors at Chlagq ha-,
raised the red herring. They are horrified
acepting socialistic doctrine as it is practice
t in that annex to the Kremlin=()wford In
By DREW PIEASRNON
WASHTNGTONa-The manner in which1
Nazis have been treating American pris
ers recalls an experience 1 had with Qerm
prisoners last summer.
We were cutting corn to fill the silo. It \
late in the season, labor was almost non-exi
ent, and the Farm Bureau had efficientlyr
ranged with Camp Meade, Maryland, forl
German prisoners to work in batches of ten
farms in the country, so I obtained ten pris
" ers to help cut the corn and fill the silo.
'They arrived by truck from Camp Mead
. accompanied by one U. S. soldier as guar
stowed their lunches in the shade and went
- work. They worked very well, they requir
little direction, were given few orders, a
i, didn't loaf on the job.
y T1e guard paid little attenm tioni to them,t
s plaining that they worked better if they felt ti
hr were not being guarded. He remained arou
the barn and the silo, while most of the pris
ers worked half a mile away in the cornfhe
e He said that few prisoners had run away, a
if they did escape they had no place to go a
were easily apprehended.
Having had 100 Bulgar prisoners under
in Serbia just after the last war, I didr
disagree with him. I had left Bulgar prison
in groups of five or six in isolated mountc
s spots where they were rebuilding Serbian hos
completely unguarded except for one thing,
night the Serbian widows collected the priso
s ers' shoes and slept on them. Few ran aw
and they were always caught.
At noon the ten German prisoners sat un
a tree, ate their lunch and sang songs. T
guard did not go near them. After one hc
they went back to work. At the end of t
day I paid the government 30 cents an ho
for each prisoner, or $3 an hour for the t
The prisoners in turn received 80 cents a d
the amount set by the Geneva convention. T
government kept the rest to pay for hauli
feeding and handling prisoners.
The whole thing worked out well, so well th
a week later when the Farm Bureau could sp
additional prisoners I had ten more.
But this time it was different. The fir
lot had been captured in Normandy, the seC
and lot had been taken in North Africa. The
were a part of Rommel's Afrika Korps.
don't know what the difference is between Na
prisoners taken in Africa and those taken i
France, unless it was that Rommel's troop
were more Nazified, but I do know that th
second group was insolent, lazy, impossibl
to manage and more trouble than they wer
They were given exactly the same job as t
other prisoners, but they did about half as mu
work. Two or three insisted on sitting in tt
shade whenever they felt like it. When I call
this to the attention of the guard he seem
helpless. He said that if he ordered them a-ro
it would be worse.
(Copyright, 1945, BEll Syndicate)
However, the large amount involved is so
reassuring that collateral isn't needed. I'd
advise debenture bonds. After all, anyone
of your stature isn't likely to fly by night-
Very seldoma . I'ai
tohsubject to croup-
ryi 94 5 w s
ose SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1945
dly VOL. LV, No. 91
to Publication in the Dally official Htl-
to etin isconstrucive notice to all nMom-
ISO hers of the University. Notices for the
il's Bulletin should i1e sent in typewritten
d- form tno1h Assistant to the President,
by 1621 Angell ill, by 3:30 p. n. of the day
- preceding pubication :(1130 a, in sat-
ny May Festival Season Tickets: Al
ran remaining season May Festival tick
iey ets will be placed on public sale
on beginning Monday morning, Marc
TLl 12, at the offices of the Universit
er- Musieal ociety in Burton Memoria
M. (olmberg Seholarship and Pau
F. Bagley Scholarship in Chemistry
d: 'These scholarships of $150 each ar
Ln open to juniors and seniors majorin
y in chemistry. Preference will be giv-
al en to those needing financial assis
p, tance. Application blanks may b(
've obtained in Ran. 212 Chemistry Buil
att ding and must be filed not later than
d M arehi 20.
ISnrn-mmer Registration: A meeting
will be held on Tuesday, March 13
.t, 4:10 p.m. in Rin. 205 Mason Ball
f arill tude Is who want to registe
for siunmmer employment. This i-
r(tidiS applicants for work in sum
mner camps, Ca3)m counseling, hotes
the resorts, ete.
on- University Bureau of Appointment
Extension Division: Opening date
vas of courses in Ann Arbor are sched
uled to coincide with the campus cal
100 endar of classes. Persons who would
On like to have other courses added to th
o- program nare asked to list their spec-
fie interests with the Extension offie.
A, Rules governing participation i
to Publie Activities:
ifd Participation in Public Activities
Participation in a public activity i
ex- defined as serviCe of any kind on
ey committee or a publication, in a pub-
nd lie performance or a rehearsal, or i
on- holding office in a class or othe
ld. student organization. This list is no
nd intended to be exhaustive, but merel
nd is indicative of the character an
scope of the activities included.
not Certificate of Eligibility: At th
ers beginning of each semester and sum
ain mer session every student shall b
es conclusively presumed to be ineligi
At ble for any public activity until hi
I'm eligibility is affirmatively established
ny by obtaining from the Chairman o
ay " the Committee on Student Affairs
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
der dents, a Certificate of Eligibility
'lie Participation before the opening o
ur the first semester must be approved
he as at any other time.
bur Before permitting any students to
en, participate in a public activity (see
ay, definition of Participation above)
'he the chairman or manager of such
nhe activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eh-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
Tat back of such certificate and (c) file
ire with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
st those who have presented certificates
a of eligibility and a signed statement
t o exclude all other from participa-
y tion. Blanks for the chairman's lists
Jl may be obtained in the Office of the
Ai Dean of Students.
n Certificates of Eligibility for the
s first semester shall be effective until
e March 1.
f Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
he lic activity.
he Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-
ed man in his first semester of residence
ed , may be ranted a Certificate of Eli-
A fmeshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
y Cro kett Johnson
It's another one of old Mr. Dormant's
eccentricities. He talks to himelf-
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of les
than C, or (2) at least 21/2 times a
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3
C-2, 1, E-0).
Any student in his frst semester
of residence holding rank above tha
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
-ted to the University in good stand-
Eligibility General: In order -to
receive a Certificate of Eligibility a
student must have earned at least I I
V hours of academic credit in the pre-
I ceding semester, or hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of a
l least C, and have at least a C averag
for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of X
and I are to be interpreted as E unti
g removed in accordance with Univer-
- sity regulations. If in the opinion o
the Committee on Student Affair
the X or I cannot be removed promp-
e tly, the parenthetically reported
- grade may be used in place of the X
I or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible unde
Rule V may participate only afte
having received special permission
of the Committee on Student Affairs
University Lecture: Mr. Carey Mc-
Williams, formerly Commissioner o
Immigration and Housing of the
State of California, will lecture o
s the subject "Minority Groups in th
United States" at 6 p.m., Tuesday
s March 13, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre, under the auspices of the De
partment of Sociology. The pibl
is cordially invited.
Students, College of Literature
Science, and ts Arts: Election card
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
:a e approved by Associate. Dean
Re eit-ed Hygiene Lectures fo
Women: All first and second semes-
n ter freshman women are required to
r take the hygiene lectures, which ar
t to be given this term. Upperclass
y students who were in the University
d as freshmen and who did not fulfil
the reeuirehents are required to take
and satisfactorily complete th
course. These lectures are a grada
e tion requirement.
Section No. 1, First Lecture, Mon-
e day, March 12, 4:15-5:15, Hill And
Subsequent Lectures successive Mon
3 days, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud. Examina
f tion (Final), Monday, April 23, 4:15-
5:15, Hill Aud.
Section No. IL First Lecture, Tues-
day, March 13, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud
f Subsequent Lectures successive Tues-
days, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud. Examina-
tion (Final); Tuesday, April 24, 4:15-
5:15, Hill Aud.
Attendance is required at all lec-
, tures. Each student must attend the
section for which she enrolls. Lec-
tures will start promptly at 4:15.
Botany 146: Tropical Economic
Botany. The class will be held, for
one week only,on Tuesday evening
1March 13, instead of Wednesday
March 14. Carl D. LaRue.
The examination for students who
wish to begin their concentration in
mathematics this term will be held
in Rm. 3016 Angell Hall on Tuesday,
March 13, from 2 to 4. In case of
conflicts, see Professor Fischer be-
fore this date.
Mathematics 328: Seminar in Sta-
tistics. First meeting, Tuesday, Mar.
13, 3-5 p.m., Rm. 3010 Angell Hall.
Professor Craig will speak.
Seminar in Transfinite Numbers:
The first meeting will be Tuesday,
March 13, at 3 p.m. in Rm. 2014 A.H.
Mathematics 300: The group to
study historical development of Ma-
thematics will meet Monday, March
12 in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall at 7 p.m.
Mathematics 348: Seminar in Spe-
cial Functions and Applied Mathe-
matics, meets in 319 West Engineer-
ing, Monday, March 12, at 2 p.m. to
Kotle-hiildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35, and 36. The con.-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $30 and $20, and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Thurs-
day, March 22, in Rm. 301 University
Hall. Students who wish to compete
and who have not yet handed in
their applications should do so im-
mediately in 204 University Hall.
i applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall,
Faculty Recital: Ti first in aser-
ies of four Sunday evening piano re-
citals will be presented at 8:30 p.m.,
March 11, in Lydia Mendelssohn The-
t atre, when Ava Comin Case will play
compositions by Bach, Chopin, De-
bussy, Respighi, and Rachmaninoff.
.Open to the public.
Dr. Homer P. Rainey, former presi-
dent of the University of Texas, will
speak on Problems of Southern Edu-
cation in the Rackham Auditorium
t today at 2:30 p.m. Everyone is in-
e vited to attend. No admission charge.
The Roger Willims Guild will
l have an "Around the World" pro-
gressive dinner tonight at 6:30. Bap-
f tist students and their friends will
s meet at the Guild house for pass-
ports and embark for "Holland,"
"France," "Cina," "Germany," and
tie "League of Nations."
r Wesley Foundation: Party tonight
beginning at 9 o'clock in the Wesley
Lounge at the First Methodist
Church for all Methodist students
and their friends.
f The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday afternoon at 5 in
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall. Miss
Gertrude Fiegel, a former LSAer and
now teaching in Plymouth, Mich.,
-will be the speaker. Following the
program supper will be served at 6.
Sunday morning worship services at
10:30 in Zion and Trinity Lutheran
The International Center program
this Sunday at 7:30 p.m. will be a
reception for new foreign students.
s Faculty and American friends are
I cordially invited to attend.
The service for the World's Stu-
dent Christian Federation Day of
Prayer for Students will be held Sun-
day evening at 7:30, March 11, in
r St. Andrew's Church. It is sponsored
by the Canterbury Club It is open
o to all interested.
First Baptist Church: 512 E. Hur-
on. Rev. C. H. Loucks, Minister and
Student Counselor. Miss Ruth Mc-
Master, Associate Student Counselor.
Roger Williams Guild House, 502 E.
Huron. Saturday, March 10: 7:10,
Choir rehearsal in the church; 6:30,
Guild Progressive Dinner "Around
the World." Sunday, March 11: 10,
Study class in the Guild House. Dr.
Newton Fetter will speak on "Christ-
ian Personality." 11, Morning wor-
ship; sermon by Dr. N. C. Fetter.
5, Roger Williams Guild meeting in
the Guild House. Group discussion
led by Dr. Fetter. 6, Cost supper,
First Congregational Church: 10:45
Public worship. Dr. Leonard A. Parr
will speak this week on "The Univer-
sal Society," fourth of a series of
Lenten services. At 5 p.m. the Con-
r gregational-Disciples Guild will meet
forgits SundayEvening Hour. ol-
lowing the supper will be a student
Panel on "Cooperative Religion." The
closing worship service will be led by
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
409 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Man," Sunday school at 11:45 am.
A special treading room is main-
tained by this church at 706 Wolver-
ine Bldg., Washington at Fourth,
where the Bible, also the Christian
Science Textbook, "Science and
Health with Key to the Scriptures"
and other writings by Mary Baker
Eddy may be read, borrowed or pur-
chased. Open daily except Sundays
and holidays from 11 :30 a.m. to 5
The Church of Jesus Christ of Lat-
ter Day Saints: Sunday services will
be held at 10 a.m. in the Chapel of
the Michigan League.
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw. The Sunday schedule in-
cludes Bible Class at 10:15, worship
service at 11, and a supper meeting
of Gamma Delta, Lu them a Student
Club, at 5:15 p.m.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation: Student class at
9:30 a.m. with Prof. George E. Car-
rothers, leader. Subject for discus-
sion: "Living Positively in a DeIm-
ocracy." Morning worship service at
10:40 o'clock. Dr. Jame Brett Kenna
will preach on "A White Soul Faces
Hate." Wesleiyan Guild meeting at
5 p.m. Dr. Edward W. Blakeman will
speak on "The Church and Mar -
riage." Sniner and fellowshin hour
To the Marines
EARLY FEBRUARY 19-not many weeks ago-
the Fourth and Fifth Marine Divisions slip-
ped onto the pork-chop shaped enemy island
of Iwo Jima, 750 miles from Japan itself. Japs
held off until the Leathernecks had moved in a
few hundred yards, thinking the attack might
be a feint. It wasn't. Forty-eight hours after
the landing 3,650 of those Leathernecks were
either killed or wounded. In 58 hours, the
total soared to 5,372, or three for every two
minutes of action.
On February 23, the key position of Mt. Suri-
bachi, dubbed Mt. Plasma by the Yanks, flew the
American flag, and today three Marine divisions
are fighting the toughest battle in the history
of the famed corps' That takes in a lot of
battles, too. That includes the Soissons ac-
tion in the summer of 1018; that includes Ta-
rawa; that includes Saipan. But Lt. Gen. Rol-
land M. Smith ranks Two above all the rest.
Yet in this toughest battle, the Marines
are winning. A Marine sergeant put it well
when he said, "This island is too small for
both Japs and Marines. Someone has to get
off, and it's not going to be us."
Well, it wasn't "us."
W ASHINGTON, D. C. has set a precedent for
the rest of the nation by planning a mem-
orial to servi(e nurses killed in the last war and
this one. It is not to be a statue or monument,
but a resident club house which will bring the
comforts of home to others in the nurse corps.
A campaign to raise the needed $1,000,000 will
ha lio-- a n fp nx ol iirn by fhp- xv a
We can base a hundred million dollars
of collateral trust bonds on some of the
securities you now hold, Mr. O'Malley-
My Fairy Godfather
has arnI.O.U from a
He can't be in TiHERE, Ellen. Only
the very biggest financiers ever
Ila rinsdeMr .normann's
. it's all settled then. A hundred million dollar issue of
O'Malley Debenture Bonds. We'll take care of everything.
And nw,3~9 .- i uiil rripP 4_Ar L)IAMLA- I fhn Ft rn
'Bye, Mr. Dormant. I'll
come some day when
v/nfh'ro l i'ffha
- - :