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April 19, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-19

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VOL. LV, No. 125 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Patton's

Army

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Germany

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Dr. Adams To Address
Convocation Tomorrow
More Than 550 Students To Be Honored;
Classes Will Be Dismissed for Annual Event

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Recognizing the scholastic achieve-
ments of more than 540 students from
every college in the University, the
twenty-second annual Honors Con-
vocation will' be held at 11 p. m.
EWT (10 p. m. CWT) tomorrow in
Hill Auditorium.
Students will have their first chance
Four To Seek
Board Position
Tomorrow
All-Campus Election
To Fill Student Post
One of these four-Allan Ander-
son, Cornelia Groefsema, Robert
Hume, or James Martin-will be cho-
sen student representatives to the
Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions in an all-campus election from
8:30 a. m. to 3:30 p. in. EWT (7:30
to 2:30 p. m. CWT) tomorrow.
Ballot boxes will be placed at the
center of the diagonal, in the Engine
Arch, in the main lobbies of Angell
Hall, the East Medical Bldg., the Law
Club, the League and the Union; and
on the second floor lobbies of the
Architecture Bldg. and the Dental
Bldg.
All students May Vote
All students who present identi-
fication cards are eligible to vote. A
voter may cast his ballot for only one
candidate. Members of the Union
and the Women's Judiciary Council
will supervise each polling place. Bal-
lots will be counted by the Men's
Judiciary Council, in charge of the
election, and the total results for
each candidate will appear in The
Daily Saturday.
Each of the candidates has releas-
ed statements concerning his qualifi-
cations and policies towards student
publications.
Qualifications Listed
Anderson, a Law school student,
member of Phi Eta Sigma and Phi
Kappa Phi, declared in part, "I be-
lieve in the ability of the students
to manage their paper in a manner
commendable to the high standards
of this University. Some guidance by
the faculty must necessarily exist.
Miss Groefsema, president of Betsy
Barbour House and formerly head of
Women's Judiciary Council, said, "I-
am interested in the fine reputation
of The Daily and hope that by parti-
cipating in the selection of its edit-
ors I can help to keep it that way."
Miss Groefsema asserted that, if
elected, her basis for selecting new
senior editors will rest upon recom-
mendations of the present editors and
the past work of the candidates. She
would also attempt to interpret the
editor's position to the faculty mem-
bers of the Board.
Hume To Run Again
Hume, the incumbent member of
the Board whose term expires this
month, in seeking to be re-elected
bases his qualifications on his know-
ledge of how the Board functions, his
wssociation with campus activities for
eight semesters and his understand-
ing of the subjects which affect the
Board. He declared, "If elected, I
will do my best to promote the in-
terest of the students and to create
good feeling between the Board and
the members of the publications
staffs."
Martin, editor of the Union publi-
cation, "Campus Notes," has been
active with the Union Executii e
Council as the Campus Affairs Com-
mittee chairman. A senior in chem-
ical engineering, he is a member
of the Engineering Council and Sig-
ma Chi fraternity.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Student Town Hall for-
urn, 7:45p.m. EWT (645

4 p. m. CWT), Lane Hall.
Today "Citizen Kane," Art Cin-
ema League film 8:30
p. m. EWT (7:30 p. m.
CWT), the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Today Dr. Kershner of Save the
Children Federation will
speak at 4:15 p.m. EWT

to hear James P. Adams, recently
appointed University Provost, who
will be the principal speaker, discuss-
ing "Standards of Thinking."
All classes will be dismissed at
10:45 p. m. EWT (9:45 CWT) to-
morrow in order that students may
attend the Convocation. No 11
o'clock (EWT) classes will be held.
According to Joseph A. Bursley,
dean of students, the Honors Con-
vocation was conceived in 1924 by
President Marion LeRoy Burton to
publicly recognize outstanding scho-
lastic achievement by students of the
University. Since that time such
prominent men as Dr. Ernest M. Hop-
kins, president of Dartmouth; Dr.
George Edgar Vincent, former presi-
dent of the Rockefeller Foundation
and of the University of Minnesota;
Dr. James R. Angell, president of
Yale; Dr. Robert M. Hutchins, presi-
dent of the University of Chicago;
and Viscount Halifax, British am-
bassador to the United States have
addressed the convocations.
Dr. Adams, who speaks tomorrow,
left his position as vice-president of
Brown University to accept the posi-
tion of Provost at the first of this
year. He received both his A. B. and
M. A. degrees here and is prominent
in the field-of economics.
Greek Letter
Societies To Ye
Forum Topic
"Fraternities and sororities-bene-
fit or detriment to the Michigan
campus?" will be discussed at 7:45
p.m. EWT (6:45 p.m. CWT) today in
Lane Hall lecture hall atthe final
Student Town Hall meeting.
The forum will open with a short
presentation of the basic issues in-
volved, during which Charles Eng-
lish, Roy Boucher, Bernard Rosen-
berg and Mavis Kennedy will give
general arguments concerning the
beneficial and detrimental effects
that fraternities and sororities have
upon the campus community.
This discussion will be followed by'
a student-directed informal discus-
sion which is open to all students and
faculty members.
Town Hall's co-chairmen, John
Condylis and Martin Shapero, have
announced that the topic of tonight's
discussion, which they consider the
most important student topic dealt
with by 'the Town Hall, has been
"selected by popular appeal". The
two topics previously discussed were
compulsory military training and the
eighteen-year-old vote.
Designed primarily as a "sounding I
board for student opinion," Student
Town Hall is conducted for all-cam-
pus participation. Lane Hall is spon-
sor for the organization, and Dr.
Kenneth G. Hance of the speech de-
partment is faculty adviser.
Vets. T o Solicit
War Bond Sales
Members of the Veterans' Organi-
zation will assume the responsibility
of soliciting for the Seventh War
Loan beginning next month, as a re-
sult of action taken at the Veterans'
Organization meeting held yesterday.
Committees were established to
work out the details of the drive. A
special meeting is to be held Wednes-
day, April 25, in Lane Hall of these
committees and officers.
A plan of further organization was
presented by Robert Andrews, secre-
tary, that will enable the Organiza-
tion to meet with the problems of
the increased number of veterans
each semester. The new plan is bas-
ed on an executive central commit-
tee, made. up of the officers of the
Organization, and an initiative com-

mittee. This committee would cen-
tralize chairmen of sub-committees,
such as educational, social, recrea-
tional, publicity, canteen, and pro-
gram. Andrews outlined tentative
plans and duties for these sub-com-
mittees.

GERMANY Schwedt
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Chemnit T tschei
WHERE TWO FRONTS DRAW NEAR-Solid arrows locate officially
reported Allied drives on the Western Front with broken arrows
locating unconfirmed Russian thrusts reported by Berlin. Americans
crossed the line southwest of Chemnitz and fought to clear Leipzig,
Nuernberg and Duesseldorf.
Ernie ,",Pyle Killed, By
Jap Bullet on le Jima
Famous War Correspondent Shot Down
While Covering Okinawa Invasion
By The Associated Press

AT A COMMAND POST, le Jima,
Ryukyus Islands, April 18-Ernie
Pyle, war correspondent beloved by
his co-workers, GI's and generals
alike, was killed by a Japanese ma-
chinegun bullet through his left tem-
ple this morning.
The famed columnist who had re-
ported the wars from Africa to Oki-
nawa met his death at 10:45 a. m.
(9:15 p. m. Tuesday) about a mile
forward of this command post.
Pyle had just talked with a general
commanding army troops and Lt. Col.
James E. Landrum, executive officer
of an infantry regiment, before jeep-
SEE PYLE'S COLUMN on PAGE 2
ing to a forward command post with
Lt. Col. Joseph B. Coolidge of Helena,
Ark., commanding officer of the regi-
ment, to watch frontline action.
Body Guarded by. Soldier
Coolidge was alongside Pyle when
he was killed. I talked with Coolidge
as he was coming back down the
road from the fatal spot a mile ahead
where Pyle's body lay guarded by an
unnamed soldier who was still pinned
down by machinegun fire.
"We were moving down the road
in our jeep,"nrelated Coolidge. "Er-
nie was going with me to my new
Art Cinema To Offer
'Citizen Kane' Today
"Citizen Kane," brought to the
University under the auspices of the
Art Cinema League, will be shown
at 8:30 p. m. EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT)
today, tomorrow and Saturday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The League presents Orson Welles'
production as an outstanding Ameri-
can cinematic achievement. "Artful
and artfully artless, it is not afraid
to say the same thing twice if twice-
telling reveals a fourfold truth. It is
as psychiatrically sound as a fine
novel but projected with far greater
scope," stated Time magazine's re-
view of the film.

command post. At 10 o'clock we
were fired on by a Jap machinegun
on a ridge above us. We all jumped
out of the jeep and dived into a road-
side ditch.
"A little later Pyle and I raised
up to look around. Another burst
hit the road over our heads and I
fell back into the ditch. I looked at:
Ernie and saw he had been hit.
"He was killed almost instantly,
the bullet entering his left temple
just under his helmet.
'Best Friend' Lost
"I crawled back to report the tra-
gedy, leaving a man to watch the
body. Ernie's body will be brought
back to army grave registration of-
ficers. He will be buried here on Iwo
Jima unless we are notified otherwise.
"I was so impressed with Pyle's
coolness, calmness and his deep in-
terest in enlisted men, They have
lost their best friend."
Clothig Pickup
Will Be Today
Climaxing the concerted drive for
the United National Clothing Collec-
tion, a city-wide curb pick-up of
contributions will be made by city
trucks today.
Dormitories, league houses, sorori-
ties and fraternities are urged to
place their contributions in front of
the residence,"weather permitting.
"The pick-up in no way indicates
the end of the drive, which will con;-
tinue until April 30, but is merely a
Kiwanis Club-sponsored service to
aid citizens in disposing of their con-
tributions," George Gabler, chairman
of the Ann Arbor drive, explained.
Arrangements for collection of lat-
er contributions may be made by
calling the Office of Civilian De-
fense. The City Armory, corner of E.
Ann and Fifth, is open from 8 a.m. to
5 p.m. EWT (7 a.m. to 4 p.m. CWT)
every day except Sunday to receive
contributions. In addition to the
Armory, all Ann Arbor schools are
authorized collection depots.

Nazis Report
Red Assault
Near Berlin
Russians Said To Be
In City's Environs
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Thursday, April 19-
Millions of Russians, spearheaded by
new "breakthrough" tanks and auto-
matic weapons throwing 325 shells a
minute, were reported by the Ger-
mans today to be pouring across the
Oder and Neisse Rivers northeast
and southeast of Berlin and directly
into the city's eastern environs.
Berlin Assault Unconfirmed
Moscow gave no official confirma
tion of any assault toward Berlin.
The Nazis, however, reported heav-
iest pressure on a 60-mile arc 18 to
20 miles east of the city and said
other powerful armies had crossed
northeast of Berlin and were across
the Neisse River in Saxony south of
the capital.
The situation on the Neisse front
was complicated by a confused Ger-
man broadcast saying that Marshal
Ivan S. Konev's First Ukraine Army
had 'succeeded in a breakthrough and
implying that this force might be
within 44 miles of the American First
Army fighting at Wurzen in the Leip-
zig area.
Nazis Say Gains Checked
The Nazi announcer Walter Ester-
mann of the Transocean Agency
said:
"The Germans are still keeping
check on enemy ground gains accru-
ing to rim after a successful breach-
ing of the fortified main battle areas.
The enemy is meeting with a violent
response from our troops in this
(Neisse) area.
Applause Greets
Wadswor lth Plan
'1ld Conquered Isles,'
New Yorker Demands
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 18-Vigor-
ous applause today greeted a sug-
gestion in the House by Rep. Wads-
worth (R.-N.Y.) that the United
States keep Pacific islands it has
wrested from the Japanese.
The influential New Yorker told
colleagues he was "not captivated"
by the idea that the United States
should hold as "trustee" for other
Allied nations territory which we
have won "with our treasure and our
blood."
The question of trusteeship is one
to which the United States delegates
to the United Nations conference on
world organization have devoted
much thought. Their decision has
not been disclosed, although Secre-
tary of State Stettinius said today
they had reached agreement "on
all major points."
Meantime the troubled question of
Polish representation at San Fran-
cisco persisted, with Russia reported
renewing her demand that the Soviet-
backed Polish regime be invited if
a coalition government is not set up in
the week before the conference opens.
Date Bureaus
To Open Today
Date bureaus for Panhel-Assembly
Ball will be oen from 2-5 p. in.
FWT (1 tob 4 pmin. CWT) today and
tomorrow in the lobbies of the League
and Union and in men's dormitories

at meal time.
The slogan "It's been fated that
you'll be dated," applies to men as
well as cpeds, and both are urged to
register one of the two remaining
days.
"Postcards will be mailed to the
men April 20 giving the name of
their date. This will allow ample
time for get-acquainted coke dates,"
Tickets for the Panhel Assembly
Ball will be on sale from 2 to 5
p. mn. EWVT (1-4 p. m. CWT) at the
League today and tomorrow, and
in the dormitories, sorority and
league houses tonight.
Doris Heidgen, chairman, announced.
The second annual Panhel-Assem-
bly Ball, featuring the music and en-
tertainment of Gene Krupa and his

As Patton's veteran troops plunged
into one of the last of Hitler's stolen
Nations, three other American armies
fought to clear the important cities of
Leipzig, Nuenberg and Duesseldorf,
and British armor closed within 18
miles of the great North Sea port of
Hamburg at the apex of an advance
along a 40-mile front.
Front dispatches last night said the
historic city of Leipzig, site of Ger-
many's renowned fairs, might fall
within hours to Lt. Gen. Courtney H.
Hodges' First Army. On the sixth
day of the siege of this city of more
than 700,000 population doughboys
had driven to the Elsterbecken canal
and the Pliesseriver. The ruined in-
dustrial metropolis on the west ban
of the Elbe river, was cleared by Lt.
Gen. William H. Simpson's Ninth
Army after two days of bitter fighting
in which flame-throwing tanks were
used to burn out the last fanatical
Hitler youth snipers.
Halle Almost Cleared
Troops of Lt. Gen. Courtney H.
Hodges' First Army drove to within
4,000 yards of the center of Leipzig
after five days of bitter fighting
against a determined garrison, and
'others of Hodges' forces closely be-
siege the cities of Halle and Dessau,
southwest of Berlin. Halle was
cleared except for its southern out-
skirts
Truman Meets
First Opposition
Htill Releases Plea
For Reciprocal Trade
WASHINGTON, April 18-W'P)-
Cordell Hull made a sickbed plea for
new tariff-cutting power for the Tru-
man administration as a major fight
opened today on capitol hill over the
reciprocal trade program.
Hull, former Roosevelt Secretary
of State known as "father" of the
trade program, pictured it as one of
the foundations for lasting peace. But
Republicans declared that it didn't
prevent the present war nor remedy
unemployment in the great depres-
sion.
Thus began the first major fight
during the administration of Presi-
dent Truman, who has endorsed the
pending legislation. Under it, the
president could slash as much as 50
per cent off tariffs prevailing on Jan.
1, 1945, in return for concessions from
other nations.
Since the original trade pacts act
permitted reductions of 50 per cent
from the 1930 Smoot-Hawley act
rates, the total decreases on some
items could be 75 per cent.
From Bethesda, Md., naval hospital,
where he has been a patient for
weeks, Hull wrote the House Ways
and Means Committee that the
Smoot-Hawley Act started the world
"down the road of commercial con-
flict that helped bring on this war."
TC' Publications In
Conference Display
Four University Press publications
will be included in an exhibit of
publications of university presses
throughout the country to be dis-
played at the San Francisco Confer-
ence, Dr. Frank E. Robbins, director
of the University Press, announced.
RonIr, seetdri fore xhihition are

Yanks Invade
Mindanao, Take
Beachheads
Navy Reports Heavy
Casualties on Okinawa
By The Associated Press
Striking again at Mindanao, see-
ond largest island in the Philippines,
American liberation troops of the
24th Division landed Tuesday on the
northeast shore of Moro Gulf, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur announced to-
day.
The Yanks already had gained
control of Zambonga Peninsula to
the west of the new landing, in an
invasion March 10.
The Tuesday invasion, aimed at
gathering in the only major Philip-
pine island not under American dom-
ination was made with air and naval
support. The Yank landings at Mal-
abang and Parang secured a 35-mile
beachhead.
Guerrillas Aid Invaders
MacArthur said Japanese forces
remaining on Mindanao were esti-
mated at 50,000. Constant Filipino
guerrilla attacks on the enemy aided
the invasion.
Heavy American casualties in the
battle of Okinawa and related opera-
tions on the southern approaches to
Japan were disclosed today (Thurs-
day, Japan time) by the Navy.
Heavy Casualties Announced
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz reported
the figures as of yesterday totalled
7,895, of which 1,467 were killed,
4,677 wounded and 1,751 missing. As
of midnight last Friday he has an-
nounced 9,108 Japanese have been
killed and 391 taken prisoner.
Perhaps for the first time in any
offensive operation in the Pacific,
the Navy casualties out-numbered
the losses listed for the Army and
Marines combined, 4,700 to 3,195.
The Navy has announced the loss
of only one destroyer in the opera-
tion but has admitted that several
other fighting ships, some of them
major units, have been damaged.
Japan has claimed the sinking of
dozens of American ships in this
continuing battle.
The American casualty figures still
do not approach those of Saipan,
which were 16,525 for the entire
campaign, or those of bloody Iwo
Jima, where American losses of 19,-
938 were reported.
Dr. Dickinson
Tbalks on Music,
Reformation
The democratization of the church
and its music which came about with
the Reformation was discussed by Dr.
Helen A. Dickinson of Union Theolo-
gical Seminary in an address at Kel-
logg Auditorium yesterday.
"With the coming of the Refor-
mation, men once more had access to
God. They were able to know God
for themselves, not through priests.
They were able to know God for
themselves through Luther's transla-
tion of the Bible and religious music
into the language of the people," Dr.
Dickinson said.
Calvin had the Psalms written in

US.Thirdrosses
'into Sudeten land
American Forces Seize Magdeburg,
Drive Almost to Heart of Leipzig
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Thursday, April 19-Infantrymen and tanks of the U. S.
Third Army slashed across the border of Czechoslovakia yesterday, cut-
ting Germany in two geographically, while other American forces con-
quered Magdeburg, 60 miles southwest of Berlin, and drove almost to
the heart of Leipzig, the Reich's fifth largest city.
The historic crossing into the Sudetenland, which Hitler annexed
in 1938, was made 'north of Asch by doughboys of the 90th Infantry
Division riding in jeeps and on the backs of tanks. Last night they were
reported two miles inside Czechoslovakia in the vicinity of Gott-Manns.
zgrun, 10 miles east of the German ciy of Hof.
The last eight miles of the plunge to the border was made without op.
position-symbolical of the present low state of Nazi arms-but a front
dispatch said brisk fire was encountered after Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's
men and armor had crossed the line southwest of Chemnitz, at the
western tip of Czechoslovakia.
British Near Hamburg

KERSHNER TO SpEAK:
Save the Children Federation
Activities, WillBeDescribed

Activities of the Save the Children
Federation in helping children of
war-torn Europe will be described by
Dr. Howard Kershner, vice-president
of the organization, at 4:15 p.m.
EWT (3:15 p.m. CWT) today in the
usvn nnom of the League.

continue child relief work there. He
is executive vice-president of the
International Committee for Child
Refugees and has had experience in
the early years of this war in Europe.
From 1939 to 1942 Dr. Kershner

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