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VOL. LV, No. 124 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
U. S. Members Offer Amendments;
Captured Islands' Status Unknown
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 17-American delegates to San Francisco have
agreed to back a plan permitting the proposed assembly of all United
Nations to recommend-but not force-postwar treaty revisions.
Offer Plan as Amendments
The delegates expect to offer this plan in the form of amendments to
the Dumbarton Oaks formula for a world organization designed to keep
They practically wound up their pre-conference work today, but will
Yanks Break Into Leipzig, Magdeburg as
N 4>* *-
rder Loan Director
meet again tomorrow to give final
Will Be Held
Value of Fraternities
Sororities Is Issue
A debate on the subject "Frater
ties and sororities-benefit or det
ment to the Michigan campus?" 'w
open the Student Town Hall me
ing at 7:45 p. m. EWT (6:45 p.
CWT) tomorrow in Lane Hall le
Four Speakers Named
Charles English and Roy Bouch
will speak for the affirmative, th
fraternities are a benefit, while B
nard Rosenberg and Mavis Kenne
will take the stand that the camp
Greek letter societies are a det
Martin Shapero and John Con
lis, co-chairmen of Town Hall, ha
announced that the topic has be
selected because of popular appeal
Open Discussion To Follow
The debate will. be followed1
an open and informal discussion p
iod to which all students are invi
to contribute their views. The cha
men have pointed out that a disc
sion of this year's sorority rushi
system may, be brought up at t
Tomorrow's meeting is the fil
one in a series which has been cc
ducted for the student-led discuss
of topics that hold special interest:
university students. Compuls
military training in peacetime a
the eighteen-year-old vote questi
were considered at the previous me
Most Important of Meetings
Town Hall's chairmen believe t
an all-campus discussion of the m
its or abuses that social fraternil
exercise here will be the most i
portant of the student affairs me
ings which have been sponsored
the Town Hall.
The opinions of faculty memb
will also be welcomed as contributi
to the discussion, although the e
phasis is on student participati
the chairmen stated. Dr. Kenn
G. Hance of the speech departm
is faculty adviser to the organizati
Willow Run To Sto
Willow Run bomber plant m
cease production of Liberator bo
ers by August, according to (
Nelson S. Talbot, commanding o:
cer, central district, air techni
service command. .
He also asserted that all war p
duction will probably be ended
Willow Run, because of "the un
pected collapse of the German Lt
Dunlap and Roger
Richard Alan Dunlap andgLe
Junior Rogers have been gran
scholarship awards by the Engin
ing College for the present term fr
the Holley Foundation Engineer
Student Aid Fund, Dean I. C. Cr
ford's office announced today.
Dunlap is a resident of Wayne,
Rogers is from Concord, Mich.
approval to a draft of proposed changes
-~for presentation to the United Na-
tions meeting opening April 25.
Captured Islands Still Problem
Still in abeyance, however, is the
troublesome question of trusteeships
for the captured islands of the Paci-
fic and for some territories in other
parts of the world.
The delegation discussed the trus-'
teeship question at length in its clos-
ed session today. It was reported
leaning strongly toward mandate con-
ni- trol by individual nations rather than
ri- international government of the ter-
vill ritories involved.
et- Vandenberg Proposals
M. It was learned authoritatively that
ec- the amendments approved-subject
to final decisions at San Francisco-
represent compromise versions of pro-
1er posals made by Senator Vandenberg
at (R.-Mich.) They call for the inser-
er- tion of the word "justice" at pertinent
dy points in the preamble of the world
aus organization charter and deal with
ri- the treaty revision question.,
With reported unanimity, the dele-
ly- gates agreed to submit to the con-
ive ference a proposal that the general
en assembly of the international organ-
ization be empowered to investigate
and discuss prior political decisions
by that threaten to disrupt the peace.
er- It also could make recommendations
ted to the 11-member council.
ir- Alteration of Treaties Recommended
us- These might include recommenda-
ng tions for the alteration of treaties,
his if the terms of the treaties were re-
garded as threatening to bring about
nal another war..
For Patton, Hodges
By The AssociatediPress
WASHINGTON, April 17-.-In; an
action-packed day, President Tru-
man tackled vast unsettled problems
of war and peace today, and made
known that he would be glad to see
other leaders of the "Big Five" pow-
He got to work at 8.30 a.m. and
promptly the White House began
humming with developments. Among
other things, the new President.
1. Appointed John W. Snyder, St.
Louis banker, as Federal Loan Ad-
2. Told reporters at his first news
conference that he would be very
happy to meet Prime Minister Chur-
chill, Premier Stalin, and President
Chiang Kai-shek, although he has
not initiated a, meeting. He also
would lie glad to see General Charles
De Gaulle, if the French leader cared
to arrange such a conference.
3. Signed the one-year extension of
lend-lease, which he termed a
"mighty instrument for victory."
4. Nominated Lt.-Gens. George
S. Patton, Jr., and Courtney H.
Hodges to be full generals; nine
major-generals to be lieutenant-
5. Disclosed that he has no plans
to lift the ban on horse racing, the
midnight curfew or the brownout, at
least until V-E day.
6. Backed up the Bretton Woods
Pact for an International Bank and
Stabilization Fund, and the Roose-
velt Reciprocal Trade Pacts Pro-
7. Conferred with the U.S. dele-
gation to the United Nations Con-
ference on World Organization,
and said he would back it to the
At one point during the day, the
President remarked, "I've got so
much work to do I don't know which,
way to turn."
PRESIDENT TRUMAN-Told Am-
erican forces all over the world by
radio last night that they had lost
an old friend in the death of Mr.
Roosevelt, but that the nation
would not falter in the course which
Reds 18 Miles
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Wednesday, April 18-
The Germans said today Russian for-
ces were driving hard within 18 and
20 miles of Berlin in two sectors
while another Soviet force speared
into the Nazis' southern escape cor-
ridor through Saxony.
Moscow maintained silence on the
operations along the 150-mile front
from the Bohemian border to. the
Oder estuary, proclaiming in its lat-
est communique liquidation of all
the remaining peninsula of East
Prussia except the escape port of
Added to Bill
A $1,500,000 appropriation bill for
a new administration and service
building for the University was passed
yesterday by the Senate Finance
Committee, following testimony by
President Alexander G. Ruthven.
The proposal was restored to the
state building bill after having been
defeated last week. Dr. Ruthven
explained to the committee that
there had been a misunderstand-
ing that the building would be a
radio broadcasting unit.
Administrative units now housed in
six separate buildings will be cen-
tralized in the new building, releas-
ing 85,000 square feet of floor space
for needed class rooms, said Dr. Ruth-
ven in his testimony.
The building will provide, fire-
proof storage space for the records
of 137,000 former students. The
controversial radio broadcasting
studios are also to be housed in the
new building. At present these
studios are located in Morris Hall,
a building condemned by the state
The new building is to be located
on a State street site, stretching from
the Union to Newberry Hall. Called
the General Service Building, it will
serve as' a replacement for Univer-
sity Hall, centralizing administrat-
ive, business, and public offices.
The radio facilities will be used
to broadcast educational programs
on a proposed frequency modula-
tion (FM) outlet. Application for
this outlet has been made to the
Federal Communications Commis-
Upon passage of the bill by the
committee, Dr. Ruthven commented,
"This is one o fthe most important
needs of the University building pro-
gram at the present time, primarily
because it will relieve needed class-
room space for the Arts College."
Coeds To Collect
The women's residence which col-
lects the most empty cigarette pack-
ages per person for the paper-sal-
vage drive will be awarded a prize at
the Panhellenic-Assembly Ball.
All dormitories, League houses, co-
ops and sororities are asked to save
the empty packages, which should be
turned in, with the cellophane re-
moved, packed in cigarette cartons
or other boxes, the day of the dance.
Panhellenic-Assembly Ball will be
held from 8:30 to midnight EWT,
April 27, in the Intramural Building.
It will feature the music and profes-
sional entertainment of Gene Krupa
and his orchestra.
3,000 square miles. '
A Berlin military commentator
asserted that Germany had been
cut in half and now was forced to
fight on ,two separate battlefields,
but did not say whether this meant
that Allied and Russian forces ac-
tually. had met or merely that the
Reich had been cut in two geogra-
phically by American forces reach-
A late front dispatch said that L .
Gen. George S. Patton's 90th Infan-
try Division, which with the 26th In-
fantry is driving toward Czecholslo-
vakia on a 15-mile front, had pushed
eastward two miles during the day
to within four miles of completing its
stag across the waist of Germany.
The German garrison of Chemnitz,
beleaguered fortress city 38 miles'
west of Dresden, rejected a Third
Army ultimatum to surrender and
was being stormed from less than two
Lt. Gen. Courtney Hodges' First
Army troops crashed through Leip-
zig's outer defenses .on the fourth
day of the battle for that city and
were meeting lessening. resistance
as they fought into its bomb-shat-
Two crack divisions of Lt. Gen.
William Simpson's Ninth Army laun-
ched an all-out assault ;on Magde-
Be Given Today
Announcing yesterday that the sup-
ply of tickets for the Spanish com-
edy, "Zaragueta," is decreasing rap-
idly, Anne Partney, chairman of the
ticket committee, urges that persons
wishing to see the play call the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre (6300) imme-
diately to reserve seats for the sec-
ond and final performance of the
play to be staged there at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) tonight.
Playing before a capacity house
last night, "Zaragueta," which was
written by Miguel Ramos Carrion
and Vital Aza, stars Ann Terbrueg-
gen and Carlos Soares. Presented by
La Sociedad Hispanica, this comedy
in two acts is under the direction of
Prof. Ermelindo A. Mercado of the
Romance Language department.
Proceeds from the play will go, as
in former years, towards two $50
scholarships to be awarded members
of La Sociedad Hispanica, who will
attend a summer session at the Uni-
versity of Mexico.
"We must achieve character edu-
cation in the near future or look
forward to the almost immediate end
of American democracy," Dr. F1arnest
M. Ligon, author of "Their] Future Is
'Now," declared in an address last
night at Kellogg Auditorium.
Character Can Be Taught
'Speaking at the invitation of the
Michigan Chapter of the Religious
Education Association of the United
States and Canada and of the Uni-
versity Counselor of Religious Educa-
tion, Dr. Ligon stressed the point
that character traits can be scienti-
fically and systematically taught
children, grade by grade and trait
Used by about 500 church schools,
Dr. Ligon's training program consists
of the application of science to reli-
"Religion has thus far succeeded
enormously in raising the morality of
the peoples of the world from what
it was at the time of Moses," Dr. Ligon
declared. "Our present task," he con-
tinued, "is to advance our morality
as far above .that prevailing today
and as the prevailing morality of to-
day has advanced over that which
existed when Moses led his people
from slavery in Egypt."
The most efficient among the
people living today, according to Dr.
Ligon, are no more than one-third
"Citizen Kane," a movie involv-
ing the search for the story of a dead
man's life, will be shown at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) tomorrow
through Saturday in the Lydia Men-
Kane's last word, "Rosebud," sets
a newspaperman on a search into the
history of this dynamic man to find
the happiness or misfortune this word
This film is being brought to the
University by the Art Cinema League
as part of its program sponsoring the
presentation of outstanding foreign
and American cinema productions.
Americans Enter Prize
Ruhr City of Duesseldorf
Berlin Military Commentator Says Germany
Has been Cut in Half, Must' Fight Two Fronts
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Wednesday, April 18-American armies, which already have
virtually bisected Germany, broke into the prize cities of Leipzig and
Magdeburg yesterday as British tanks tore loose on a 22-mile sweep that
carried within 25 miles of the great port of Hamburg.
Duesseldorf, last major city in the Ruhr still held by the Germans, also
was entered by doughboys who now have whittled down the Ruhr pocket
to 125 square miles from its original
Board Candidates State,
Anderson, Groefsema, Humie
Seek Publication Positions in
DR. HELEN DICKINSON
. to speak here today.
To Be Subject
"The Place of Music in Protestant
Worship" will be discussed by Dr.
Helen A. Dickinson of Union Theo-
logical Seminary in an address at 8
p. m. EWT (7 p. m. CWT) today
at Kellogg Auditorium.
"Because of Dr. Dickinson's wide
and far reaching experience in the
field of liturgical music, her address
promises to be of maximum interest
and inspiration," a Student Religious
Association spokesman stated.
Dr. Dickinson's lecture is the sec-
ond in a series of three lectures in
Sacred Music sponsored by the SRA
and the School of Music.
First Woman Student
The first woman student to be ad-
mitted to philosophy at Heidelberg
University, Germany, Dr. Dickinson
took her M. A. at Queen's Univer-
sity, Canada, and her Ph.D. at Heid-
"The Liturgies and Their Music,"
"Church Architecture throughout
the Ages" and "Sacred Art" are some
of the topics on which Dr. Dickinson
Dr. Dickinson has studied both
liturgies and art in Greece, Russia,
Allan Anderson, Cornelia Groefsema, Robert Hume, and James Martin,
candidates seeking the student position with the Board in Control of Stu-
dent Publications, have listed their qualifications and policies in the cam-
paign statements on this page.
One of these four will be chosen for a three-semester term with
the Board in the all-campus election which will be held from 8:30 a.m.
to 3:30 p. m. EWT (7:'30 to 2:30 CWT) Friday. The winner will take part
in the supervision of the policies of
The Daily and the 'Ensian and the
control of the policies and the ap-
pointment of the senior staffs of both
The candidates' statements:
Allan Anderson: '
Five years as a student at the
University of Michigan has given
me some idea of the importance
of a student publication that re-
flects the views and attitudes of
the students which it purports to
represent. I believe in the ability
of those same students to manage
their paper in a manner commen-
dable to the high standards of this
University. Some guidance by the
faculty must necessarily exist.
This guidance should not be a de-
vice for the rigid control of opin-
ion but should be a liberal advisory
board to further the broader aims
of a college newspaper. I will make
it my duty to carry this belief into
effect. Member of Theta Delta
Chi, Phi Eta Sigma, Phi Kappa
Phi; discharged Army veteran;
formerly member of the Union
Staff and Manpower Corps."
"I feel that I am qualified for this
position because of my wide acquain-
tance and participation in campus
would select persons for editorial pe-
sitions on the basis of the recom-
mendations of the present editors
and of the past work of these candi-
dates on the paper: articles they
have written, etc.
"As a student member of the
Board in Control, I would attempt to
interpret the editors' positions to the
faculty members of the Board."
"I Robert H. Hume feel that I
am qualified to run for the Board
of Control of Student Publications
for these reasons: 1. I have served
already on the Board and there-
fore know the functions that the
Board serves and how the Board
functions. 2. I have been asso-
ciated with Campus Activities for
eight terms and have been able to
get or understand the student atti-
tudes on those subjects which af-
fect the Board of Publications. 3.
I feel that I am mature enough to
keep a level head and serve the
students well. If elected, I will do
my best to promote the interests of
the students and to create good
feeling between the Board and
members Hof The Daily's staff."
"My qualifications for a position
WOUNDED ON GERMAN SOIL:
Petersen, Former Daily Editor, Killed
Today "Zaragueta," Spanish
comedy, 8:30 p. m. EWT
(7:30 p. m. CWT), the
Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
Today "The Place of Music in
Protestant Worship," to
be discussed by Dr. Helen
Dickinson, 8 p. m. EWT
(7 p. m. CWT), Kellogg
April 19 Student Town Hall for-
n. 7:45 - n. EWT (6:45
First Lt. Carl W. Petersen '40, for-
mer Michigan Daily managing editor
was reported dead yesterday as a re-
sult of wounds received while serv-
ing with the 97th Infantry division
The message was received by his
wife, Inez, who is staying with his
mother Mrs. Louise J. Petersen
1614 Morton Ave., Ann Arbor. Be-
sides his wife and mother his seven
month old son Pat, and a sister,
Mrs. Darrell Campbell, survive him.
His younger brother Henry "Pat"
Peterson was killed in a training
plane crash in 1943, near the Joy
Airport in Roseville, Mich. He was
a freshman at the time of the ac-
T& PmerC. methi i e while heo
session, just after his graduation.
After graduating he continued his
career as a journalist by joining
the Washington staff of the United
Press. It was while serving in
Washington that he joined the ser-
vice in January of 1942.
Although he served the first few
months of his service career in the
ranks he soon rose to the rank of
Staff Sergeant and was sent to Of-
ficer Candidate School. His mastery
of several languages brought an as-
signment in a German prisoner of
war camp. Hehwas sent overseas in
February of this year. Again his
knowledge of the German language
and the fact that he had traveled ex-
tensively in Europe and Germany