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April 13, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-13

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WEATHER
Partly Cloudy,
Increasing Winds

VOL. LV, No. 120 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, APRIL 13, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

NATION

MOURNS

LOSS O EDR

1I

* * * *

* *

Solemn P eMa

rumn,

Promises To
Follow FDR's
World Policies
Statement by New
President Told r
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 12-
Harry S. Truman, who 11 years
ago was Missouri county judge, be-.
came the 32nd President of the
United ta at 7:09 p. in. (EWT)
tonight and solemnly pledged him-
self to the policies of Franklin De-
lano Roosevelt.
Sworn in 2 hours and 34 minutes
after Mr. Roosevelt's death in
Warm Springs, Ga., as a shocked
capital sought to weigh the import
of the sudden change, Truman an-
nounced in quick succession:
1. He will try to carry on as he
believes President Roosevelt would
have done.
2. The San Francisco United Na-
tions Conference will go on as sched-
uled April 25.
3. He has asked the Roosevelt
Cabinet to stay on with him.
4. The war will be pressed to a
"successful conclusion.".
The new chief executive issued this
statement:
"The world may be sure that we
will prosecute the war on both
fronts, cast and west, with all the
vigor we possess, to a. successful
conclusion." t
Thus Mr. Truman acted immediate-
ly to steady a stunned nation and
drive forward toward victory and a
lasting peace.
About the White House crowds
stood silently at the tall iron fence.
Flags there, and on embassies and
other public buildings, dipped to half
staff.
After the brief and solemn induc-
ton ceremony, President and Mrs.
Truman went from the cabinet room
to the White House residential quart-
ers to speak with Mrs Roosevelt, who
leaving to fly to Warm Springs.
Shortly after 7:30 p. m., they left by
a rear entrance and motored to their
apartment on Connecticut Avenue in
northwest Washington.
Secret Service men and district
police threw a cordon around the
apartment building and visitors to
the Truman suite were barred. All
telephone calls, and they were my-
riad, were rejected except one from
Mrs. Truman's brother, Frank Wal-
lace.
Guards patrolled the third floor
corridor all night. The neighborhood
was quiet in contrast to the throngs
which stood across from the White
House for hours, far into the dark-
ness.
It was Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, who
summoned Mr. Truman from his cap-
itol office to the White House and
told him hr husband was dead.
Classes Will Be
T T]11 IT T I

v
I

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

HARRY S. TRUMAN

The Challenge To Us
THE DEATH of President Roosevelt can be one of the world's greatest
tragedies in the way of defeated ideals for world cooperation and
freedom. We realized this. But we also realize that if the, American
people accept the challenge his life and death leave us it may be the factor.
needed to unite a people on the most important issues ever faced.
This chalinge should be taken with the utmost seriousness by us,
the students, servicemen and faculty of this University. We must real-
ize that it is our duty as the citizens of today and tomorrow to carry on
the work begun by the man we have known as President and Commander-
in-Chief.
IF THU CHAIIjNGE is not accepted, if we on this University
campus, if millions of other Americans do not assume the responsibility
of carrying to a successful termination plans already begun, the death
of our chief executive can be a tragedy of overwhelming proportions.
But if we feel the personal responsibility which is ours because of the
death of this leader, we will see the crystallization of the ideals for which
he fought, for which he was fighting at the timet 'of his death. This
tragedy may well serve to bring to a thinking focus in the minds of the
American people the issues to be settled for the, peace to come.
SOME 23,000 STUDENTS now in the armed services who have
passed through this University, another 2,000 in service units now on the
campus, and those of us pursuing regular college curricula have serious
obligations to fulfill. The death of the chief executive throws our
responsibilities into bold relief. All our training has been pointed
toward a leadership we must some day assume. We have never been
confronted with a more inescapable issue. How we rise to the challenge
will be an indication of our willingness to accept. the obligations of the
leadership for world peace which will be ours tomorrow.
THERE ARE MANY TRIBUTES we could pay to this mnin who has
been our leader for the past twelve years. But the greatest tri-
bute we could possibly pay is for us to complete the program of peace,
cooperation and freedom for all the peoples of the world initiated by
President Roosevelt.
-'-Thc Scnior Editors
Memorial Pro gram Plannid
n rn . -/ I -* rr 1

LA TE BULLETINS
By The Associated Pressf
WASINGTON-President Truman announced tonight that the
United Nations Conference called for April 25 will go on as scheduled.
WASHINGTON-Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt said, when informed of the
death of the president:
"I am more sorry for the people of the country and the world than
I am for us."
WASIHNGTON-Henry A. Wallace, the man who might have been
president, had only the role of on-looker at the White House oath-
taking tonight.
ROME--Pope Pius XII received the news of President Roosevelt's death
with visible sorrow early today and immediately telegraphed condolences
to the President's family and the United States Government.
WASHINGTON-The last piece of legislation Mr. Roosevelt signed
was one to continue the Commodity Credit Corporation and increase
its borrowing power.
Secretary Hassett said that as he did so, Mr. Roosevelt made his
usual comment at such a time:
"llere's where I make a law."
LANSING-The Michigan House of Rep resentatLives Ievard a solemn
prayer for the state of the nation this afternoon when it learned of the
death of President Roosevelt, then adjourned.
WARM SPRINGS, Ga.-At his last news conference before his death
President Roosevelt expressed the hope that he would be able to proclaim
complete independence for the Philippines by autumn.
WIt CANADIAN TROOPS-1irst news of President Roosevelt's
death reached Canadian Headquarters at midnight and after a shocked
silence officers and men alike asked each: "Why did it have to be now?"
WAS I{NGTON--Prime Minister Churchill said today that the death of
President Roosevelt was "the loss of the British nation and of the cause
of freedom in every land."
LONDON-Premier Marshal Stalin expressed his sorrow at the
death of President Roosevelt today in a message to Mrs. Roosevelt in
which le characterized the President as "a great organizer of the
struggles of the freedom-loving nations against the common enemy."
PARIS-Gen. Charles De Gaulle, President of the French Provisional
Government, informed today of the death of President Roosevelt, expressed

Eosevelt Will Be
SBuried on Sunday
Sudden Death Attribuhited to Cerebral
Hemorrhage While at Warm Springs
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., April 12.- (AP)- Presidet
Franklin D. Roosevelt, his strength sapped away as ComrnalI-
der-in-Chief in America's greatest war, died suddenly Thursxv
afternoon.
His duties fell on Vice-President Harry S. Truman who,
sworn in as the 32nd President in a White House ceremony at
Washington, issued this statement:
"The world may be sure that we will prosecute this war on both
fronts, east and west, with all the vigor we possess, to a successful con-
clusion."
It was at 4:33 p. in. Eastern War Time that Mr. Roosevelt died of a
cerebral hemorrhage. It was at 7:09 p. i., that a solemn-faced Truman
took up the burden and the honor of President.
Mr. Roosevelt's last words were:
"I have a terrific headache."
He spoke to Comdr. Harold >8ruenn, naval physician.
The funeral will be in the White House east room in Wash-
ington on Saturday. Burial will be at the Roosevelt ancestral home
at Hyde Park, N. Y., Sunday.
The body will not lie in state.
Presidential Secretary William D. Hassett said Mr. Roosevelt's body
would leave here around 9 a. in., (EWT) tomorrow for the approximately
22-hour run to Washington.
Mr. Roosevelt, 63, was sitting in front of a fireplace in the little
white house here atop pine mountain when the attack struck him.
Bruenn described it as a massive cerebral hemorrhage.
The President's Negro valet, Arthur Prettyman, and a Filipino
messboy carried him to his bedroom. He was unconscious at the
end. It came without pain.
Mr. Roosevelt, in the third month of his fourth term a President,
came here three weeks ago to rest.
M s. Roosevelt planned to fly here this evening. She left the
White House at 7:15 after informing their four uniformed sons by wire
of their father's death.
The death removed from world councils one of the Big Three-
Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill-who 'worked together to win the
war and laid joint plans for keeping the peace. Truman likewise
has stressed the need for international cooperation.
Dr. Bruenn said he saw the President this morning and he was in
excellent spirits at 9:30 a. in.
"At one o'clock," Bruenn added, the was sitting in a chair while
sketches were being made of him by an architect. He suddenly con-
plained of a very severe occipital headache (back of the head).
"Within a very few minutes he lost consciousness. He was seen
by me at 1:30 p. m., fifteen minutes after he episode had started.
"He did not regain consciousness and he died at 3:33 p. m."
Only others present in the cottage were Comdr. George Fox,
White House pharmacist and long an attendant on the President;
Hassett. Miss Grace Tully, confidential secretary; and two cousins,
Miss Laura Delano and Miss Margaret Suckley.
Bruenn said he called Vice Admiral Ross T. McIntyre Navy
Surge-n General and White House physician in Washington and that
McInyre in turn called Dr. James E. Paullin, of Atlanta, .an internal
medicine practicioner and honorary consultant to the navy surgeon
general.
Paullin was present when Bruenn gave the statement of the cause
of death to reporters of the three national news services.
Hassett gave newsmen the first announcement.
News of the President's death spread like wildfire around the
foundation and atop an adjoining mountain where guests were
gathering for a barbecue.
The President's late arrival for the barbecue caused some anxiety.
A telephone call was put through and a few minutes later representatives
of the Associated Press, United Press and International News Service
were told to rush immediately to the Carver cottage on the foundation
grounds for some news.
Statemnena From Dr. Rultven

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