Mostly Cloudy, Showers
VOL. LV, No. 119 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY APRIL 12, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Total of 41,400 is
Given to Students
Ninety graduate scholarships for
1945-46, totaling $41,400 have been
awarded by the University to students
from universities and colleges
throughout the country, Dean Clar-
ence S. Yoakum of the Horace H.
Rackham School of Graduate Studies,
announced yesterday. .
The scholarships, which will be-
come effective at the beginning of
the summer or fall terms, range from
six Rackham pre-doctoral fellow-
ships, each carrying $1,000 stipend,
to 40 University scholarships which
pay tuition for a maximum of three
terms. The pre-doctoral fellowships
are financed from the Horace H.
Raekham Endowment Fund.
Michigan College Scholarships
Fourteen Michigan College schol-
arships, each worth $400, are includ-
ed in the list.
Horace H. Rackham Predoctoral
(Granted for Two Terms-$1,000.00)
Bernardine Agnes Bujila, Saska-
toon, Sask., Romance Languages;
George Herman, Brooklyn, N.Y.,
Speech; B. Elizabeth Horner, Mer-
chantville, N.J., Zoology; Donald Wil-
liam Kirk, Toronto, Ont., Geogra-
phy; Michael Joseph Rzasa, Shelton,
Conn., Chemical Engineering; Edwin
Henry Spanier, St. Paul, Minn.,
(Granted for two terms-$500-$700)
Winton Henry Beaven, Lincoln,
Neb., Speech; Margaret Elizabeth
Bertsch, South Bend, Ind., History;
Gladys Carole Birnkrant, New York,
N.Y., Economics; Bernice Ruth
Blackman, Brooklyn, N.Y., Zoology;
Marvin Brinn, Brooklyn, N.Y., Chem-
ical ngineering; Kathleen Ethelwyn
Butcher, Paris, Ont., Mathematics;
Arunchandra Chhotalal Chhatrapati,
Braash, India., Business Administra-
tion; George Richard Costello, Eu-
gene, Ore., Mathematics; Harold
Stewart Courant, Batavia, N.Y., Ger-
man; Jane Smiley Cronn, Highland
Park, Mich., Mathematics; Donald
Gene Dobay, Cleveland, O., Chmis-
try; Helen Laura Foster, Adrian.,
Mich., Geology; George Iwao Fuji-
moto, Chicago, Ill., Chemistry; Ros-
tislav Alexander Galuzevski, Istan-
bul, Turkey, Mechanical Engineer-
ing; Robert Outhwaite Gibbon, How-
ard, Kas., Political Science; Kemp
Frederick Gillum, Lawrenceville, Ill.,
History; Barbara Beverly Golden-
berg, Laurelton, L.I., N.Y., Romance
Languages;Charles Edward Kistler,
Tamaqua, Pa., History; Edith M. A.
Kovach, Detroit, Mich., Latin; Isabel
Lockard, Stoney Creek. Ont., Anat-
omy; Irving Joseph Massey, Mon-
treal, P.Q., English; Shirley Miller,
Brooklyn, N.Y., Economics; Paul Ber-
nard Murry, Cleveland, ., English;
Helen Louise Nisbet, Lexington, Ky.,
Philosophy; Stanley Kirke Norton,
Ludington, Mich., Education; Edith
Jean Omer, Wyandotte, Mich., Polit-
ical Science; Eric NewtonRackham,
Boulder, Coo., Education; Eduardo
Aandia Salgado, Manila, P.., Fine
Arts; Cedoiir M. Sliepcevich, Ana-
conda, Mont., Chemical Engineering;
Edward Joseph Sweeney, Bristol,
Granted for Three Terms)
Richard James Anderson, St. Pet
ersburg, Fla., Psychology; Ruth Es-
ther Bachrach, Chicago, Ill., Geol-
ogy; Ruth Frances Bastanchury,
Pittman, Nev., Geology; Gloria H.
Belkin, Brooklyn, N.Y., Economics;
Elaine Tamara Bossak, New York,
N.Y., Zoology; Bernard Beau Brown,
Philadelphia, Pa., Chemistry; Bar-
bara Phoenix Coe, Maplewood, N.J.,
Physics; Robert Eugene Davis, Boise,
Ida., Chemical Engin.; Helen Ar-
liss Denyes, Kingston, Ont., Zoology;
Margaret Eaton, Lakewood, O., Che-
mistry; Catherine Cecelia Eby, Bit-
mingham, Mich., History; Mary Flor-
ence Fox, Jacksonville, Fla., Romance
Languages; Arthur Gladstone, Kew
Gardens, N.Y., Psychology; Ross Ed-
win Graves, Bay City, Mich., Mathe-
matics; Peggy Heim, Sunbury, Pa.,
Economics; Barbara Ann Hermann,
Juneau, Alaska, Anthropology; Hen-
rv Louis Hunker. Pittsburgh, Pa.,
Reds Drive Across Danube
Ccnal, Advance it
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 11-Red Army shock troops stormed across the Danube
Canal in Vienna today, clearing the Germans from half of their island
stronghold between the canal and Danube River and freeing more than
nine-tenths of Vienna on the Daube's south bank.
While a brief Soviet communique announced advances in Vienna in
which 2,300 prisoners were taken, the German radio reported that the
Red Army had driven 42 miles west<
of the Austrian capital toward Linz
Berlin said Marshal Feodor L Tol-
bukhin's Third Ukrainian Army tank
spearheads had lanced to the Dan-
ube River between Krems and Melk,
within 116 miles of Berchtesgaden,
Adolf Hitler's Bavarian Mountain re-
Clear Half of Island
Moscow's war bulletin announced
that the Russians had cleared the
southeastern half of the seven-mile-
long island in Vienna after the Free
Austria radio broadcast an uncon-
firmed report that the occupation of
Vienna had been completed.
The Soviet communique indicated
To Be Given at
Registration Will Be
Held 8-9 A.M. EWT
Students who have not already
registered for the ASTRP qualifying
examination, to be held at 9 a.m.
EWT (8 a.m. CWT) today in the
Rackham Lecture Hall may register
at Rackham during the hour preced-
ing the test. Dean Walter B. Rea an-
Those taking the exam are re-
quired to appear at the Lecture Hall
by 8:45 ajm. EWT (7:45 a.m. CWT).
Two soft-leaded pencils and an era-
ser are required. No candidate will
be permitted to use a slide rule, books
The test is divided into three sec-
tions, one testing knowledge of arith-
metic, algebra and geometry; an-
other, reading comprehension; and
the third, level of vocabulary. All
questions are of the best-answer,
United States citizens whose sev-
enteenth birthday falls between Oct.
1, 1944 and Aug. 31, 1945, are eligible
to take the examination, provided
that they will have completed one
that Tolbukhin's -shock troops had
cleared the prater, Vienna.
Unofficial Moscow reports said that
the final escape routes for the fanatic
Nazi garrison had been severed and
the capital encircled while other So-
viet troops invaded Czechoslovakia's
war production province of Moravia
within 35 miles of the arsenal city
of Bruenn (Brno).
Escape Routes Are Severed
The Germans officially admitted
that all Vienna south and west of
the Danube Canal had been lost..
The Germans fought skilfully from
public buildings, business blocksin
the Jewish quarter of Leopoldstadt,
from cellars, and behind monuments
and overturned trolleys and from
their own burned-out tanks.
Moscow dispatches said the roar of
huge fires was drowned by the thun-
der of artillery in close-range ex-
changes as the Germans depressed
their anti-aircraft guns for use
against advancing Soviet tanks.
Red-Allied Meet Possible
The day's advances cut the distance
between the U. S. Ninth and Marshal
Ivan S. Konev's First Ukrainian Army
to about 120 mies. From present
positions it is likely that they will
meet somewhere along the Elbe
River, severing the waist of the Reich
and bringing the historic marches
from the east and west to a smash-
Students Will Be
The Medical Aptitude Test of the
Association of American Medical
Colleges will be given between 3 and
5 p. m. EWT (2-4 p. m. CWT) to-
morrow in Rm. 25 Angell Hall.
This test is required for admission
to the "U" medical school and will
not be repeated before next' year.
It is important, therefore, that all
pre-med students who have not yet
taken the test and who plan to enter
medical school during the fall of
1945 or the spring of 1946 should
take the test at this time.
The Medical Aptitude Test meas-
ures one's ability to learn material
similar to that which he will have in
medical school. It also measures his
general information and scientific
background, and his ability to draw
accurate conclusions from a given
set of data. Study of the test results
has shown that the test can be replied
upon to prognosticate the future suc-
cess of students in medical school
more accurately than any other
method used heretofore in the selec-
tion of students. This test is required
by more than 600 colleges for ad-
mission to medical school.
WASHINGTON, April 12 -
(Thursday)--(IP)-Tokyo caught it
again yesterday from the Super-
fortresses-perhaps more than 150
of them supported by fighters of
the Seventh Air Force.
The 20th Air Force announced
the daylight raid (today, Tokyo
r time) struck industrial targets in
I the Japanese capital and in the
. general area, the B29s operating in
very large force.
Prd udlion of
WL Gives Priority
1o Auto Inustry
Ifly The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 11.- Plans
for speedy reconversion of the auto-
motive industry to peacetime pro-
duction received a helping hand from
the government today when the War
Production Board approved plans for
manufacture of $50,000,000 worth of
machine tools for auto plants.
WPB Chairman J. A. Krug an-
nounced that his agency had author-
ized manufacture of machine tools
and related equipment for other in-
dustries as well, but emphasized that
the automotive industry had first call
on the new equipment.
Conferred with UAW Of icers
Krug's disclosure came after he
conferred with top-ranking interna-
tional officers of the United Auto-
mobile Workers (CIO), the group in-
cluding President R. J. Thomas, sec-
retary-treasurer George F. Addes
and Vice-President Walter P. Reu-
Krug said that the $50,000,000 or-
der was placed last fall without pri-
ority rating and was shelved when
hopes for an early victory in Europe
Under the new program, the auto-
motive industry will get priority as-
sistance which WPB refused last fall..
Will 'Take 3-7 Months
Krug explained that virtually all
of this equipment will require from
three to seven months for fabrica-
tion after it is scheduled by the
machine tool builders.
"These preparatory steps are taken
now," Krug said, "in anticipation of
reconversion of the affected indus-
tries at a time when war production
WPB, Krug reported, is working
out a plan to allow orders for civilian
equipment to be included in machine
tool production schedules "in such a
way that it will not interfere with
production of items needed in the
continued prosecution of the war."
Attention icket Buyers
It has been requested that the
holders ofeSlide Rule Ball tickets
270 and 287 contact John Peter-
son or Robert Royce immediately.
They can be reached at the
Michigan Technic office.
Slide Rule Ball
Will Be Given
Slide Rule Ball, annual engineer-
ing school formal dance, will be held
from 8:30 p. in. EWT (7:30 p. in.
CWT) to midnight EWT (11 p. m.
CWT) tomorrow in the Union Ball-
The dance will be sponsored by
the Michigan Technic for members of
all schools. Decorations will be ap-
propriate for an engineers' celebra-
tion, however. A large slide rule
which has been carefully, locked in
the vault of the West Engine Build-
ing will be moved to the Union to-
morrow. According to Charles Hel-
mick, publicity chairman for the
dance, several law students have been
discovered trying to gain access to
the vault, but their attempts have
YANKS COUNT GERMAN HOARD-Finance corps men of the Third
Army and a German Reichsbank official check count of bags of cur-
rency uncovered in German hoard discovered in a salt mine at Merkers,
Germany. The treasure also includes 100 tons of gold bullion.
To, Give R1-eich New Hope
Providing a framework out of which
the people can envisage some degree
of hope for their future well-being
will be the main job of propagand-
ists in defeated Germany. Prof. T.
M. Newcomb of the sociology depart-
ment explained yesterday in a talk
sponsored by the Post-War Council.
Speaking on "The Battle For the
Mind of Germany," Prof. Newcomb
suggested that the Allies must let
the Germans discover for them-
selves the fallacies of the Nazi phil-
osophy by opening the doors of in-
formation to them; that ways of
entering the family of nations
should be pointed out to them and
that the words of propaganda
should be implemented by deeds.
Prof. Newcomb, in noting how Nazi
propaganda has affected the German
people, explained that every indi-
vidual was made to believe in the
omnipotence of Hitler. 'During the
Sub Sank Jap
semester of college by July 1,
Candidates will be notified by
19 as to whether or not they
passed the test.
Two Films on
To Be Shown
Two moving pictures depicting im-
portant events in the history of Am-
erican public address will be present-
ed by the Department of Speech at 4
p. m. EWT (3 p. m. CWT) today in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The first of these sound pictures is
entitled "Give Me Liberty." In tech-
nicolor, it presents the background of
Patrick Henry's famous address at
the Virginia Convention and repro-
duces a part of that address as re-
constructed by a professional actor
of the present day.
The second picture, which is en-
titled "The Perfect Tribute," also
presents the background of a famous
speech and reproduces part of it.
Concerned with Lincoln's Gettysburg
Address, it presents scenes in Wash-
ington, and particularly in Lincoln's
cabinet, which lead up to the day
of the dedication of the cemetery at
All persons interested are welcome
to attend the hour assembly.
Dr. Ray K. Immel
Dies in California
TN n o. .Tr _ma fnmar jf.
The State Department
tonight that an Allied
sank what may have been the Jap-
anese relief ship Awa Maru, travel-
ling under Allied safe conduct.
The announcement said the Navy
Department had reported that a ship
about 40 miles from the estimated.
position of the Japanese vessel was
sunk about midnight April 1 by sub-
A survivor said that it was the Awa
The announcement said that no
lights or special illumination were
visible at any time.
The Awa Maru was returning to
Japan after having delivered relief
supplies for Allied internees and pris-
oners in Formosa, Hongkong, Saigon,
Singapore and Dutch Indies ports.
The supplies had been sent to Vladi-
vostok over a year ago and a long
negotiation preceded Japanese a-
greemeht to deliver them.
The United States is sending a
communicationto Japan about-the
matter through Swiss authorities.
early war years, the lot of the aver-
age German was improving and
events reinforced his faith in Hit-
ler," he added.
"As the war progressed, German
censorship tightened," he continued.
"The German came to believe thatl
what he heard was the truth," Prof.
Newcomb asserted, "because all thel
evidence which he received seemed to
With signs of defeat, which Prof.
Newcomb estimated were evident
in 1942, the Nazi propaganda pat-'
ern began to shake. "With the first
flop at Stalingrad," he declared,
"Propdganda Minister Goebbels
turned the defeat into an official
celebration and galvanized the Ger-
mans into the kind of action which
comes when you are threatened."
"Propagandists," he said, "de-
, ribed the Russians as beasts and
implied to the people that defeat
would be worse than surrender.""
Cruelty of the Anglo-Americans
was also a line of propaganda, Prof.
Newcomb said, asserting that this
may be why the Nazis, in their at-
tempt to make the German people
hate us, are allowing Germany to he
Are Antnoti riced
d. School Summer
Program Is Planned.
For teachers and graduate students
who desire a refresher or degree pro-
gram,, the Summer Session of the
School of Education will be held from
July 2 to August 24, Dean James B.
Edmonson announced yesterday.
For those wanting to take a full
summer's work, the school offers the
Intersession at which time it is pos-
sible to earn 4 hours of University
credit. At the Summer Session,
which will offer both 6 and 8 week
programs, it will be possible to earn
a maximum of 8 hours credit.
The visiting members of the fac-
ulty will include; G. L. Anderson,
Minnesota; Harry J. Baker, Dean of
the Detroit Physchological Clinic;
William H. Blatz, University of Tor-
onto; F. D. McCluskey, director of
Scarborough School; William J.
Sanders, New Haven Teachers College
and Harry J. Steele, Buffalo, New
Krupa Will Be
Featured at Ball
Ticket sales for the second annual
T~rthoA ccim lc 7Q1 n ri)_n 2, er
Junction with Reds
Is Expected Soon
By The Asociated Press
PARIS, Thursday, April 12-Ar-
mored columns of the U. S. Ninth
Army swept within 57 miles of Ber-
in and within 115 miles of the
Russian front yesterday in a startl-
ng advance of more than 50 miles
that carried to the Elbe River at
Magdeburg. A crossing of this
last water barrier before the Ger-
man capital was believed imminent.
The sensational eastward drive,
longest single day's thrust yet made
on German soil, was accomplished by
the Second (hell on wheels) Armored
Division, which by-passed the manu-
facturing city of Brunswick and roar-
ed through the heart of the Reich
against practically non-existent op-
Stage Set For Junction
A late front dispatch said the river
could be bridged within a few hours
unless unexpected resistance devel-
oped. This would set the stage for
an early junction with the Red Army.
Correspondents said the linkup might
be made within a few days.
Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson's
Ninth Army troops were 57 miles
away from the southwestern limits
of greater Berlin, which includes
Potsdam, and the Russians were 32
miles from the capital on the east
with the' city itself stretching some
25 miles between these two points.
Essen and Bochum, great arma-
ment cities in the Ruhr trap, fell to
other Ninth Army troops, and tonight
the Paris radio said Dortmund also
had been cleared in the crumbling
First Army forces to the south
sped within 120 miles of a juncture
with Russian troops while the Third
Army, springing to the attack again
after five days of comparative inac-
tivity, blazed ahead along a 60-mile
front,rcapturing Coburg and encircl-
On the southern end of the front
the U. S. Seventh Army lost some.
ground but at the same time stormed
to a point ionly 29 miles northwest of
the big Nazi convention city of
Canadians Cross Into Holland
British troops in the north plunged
to within 45 miles of Hamburg, but
were still -held four miles outside the
port of Bremen; to their west the
Canadians crossed the Issel River
deeper into Holland, where scores of
thousands of Germans were trapped.
In making its spectacular dash to
Magdeburg the Second (Hell on
Wheels) Armored Division by-passed
on the south the big aircraft center
of Brunswick and plunged eastward
on a solid 10-mile front, mheeting only
scattered opposition throughout the
remarkable day. The Nazi Brunswick
garrison still was fighting bitterly
through the streets against doughboys
of the 30th Division.
To Be Studied
Housing conditions of Ann Arbor
Negroes will be investigated by a
newly appointed Inter-Racial Asso-
ciation committee, working in co-
operation with the race clinic spon-
sored by Ann Arbor churches.
Racial discrimination in Ann Ar-
bor restaurants will also be a subject
for IRA investigations, . members
decided last night. Some. important
work in this direction has already
been initiated, according to Herbert
Otto, IRA chairman.
The bill for a permanent Fair Em-
ployment Practices Committee now
before the state legislature will be the
subject for the next IRA speaker, the
Election of officers was postponed
until the next meeting.
Deadline Is Today
Graduation announcements for
Wen-Han To- Discuss China
"China and Its Social Problems"
will be discussed b Dr. Kiang Wen-
Han in an address at 8 p.m. EWT
(7 p.m. CWT) today at Lane Hall.
T-%- TXTn4. Tff--, ;-- ..11 /~7lf '~
Han, with the aid of his associates,
administers millions of dollars each
year, reads and distributes books and
other reading material to the Chi-
an excellent person to interpret Chi-
na for us," Littell added. He has
friendly contact with many divergent
groups and thoroughly understands