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April 11, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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VOL. LV, No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 1945
anks Reach Brunswick in 28-Mile

PRICE FIVE CENTS
ain

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Miners, Operators Come

To Contract Agreement

4' 1

Mines.Seized
Before Parley
Settles Issue
Contract Will Be
Presented Today
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 10-A new
contract for soft coal miners was
agreed on tonight a few hours after
the government took control of 235
mines.
The agreement, reached by operat-
ors and president John L. Lewis of
the United Mine Workers, will go be-
fore a full negotiating committee for
ratification tomorrow.
Negotiations Ended
Nearly six weeks of negotiations
were ended by announcement of Ezra
Van Horn, chairman of the Bitumi-
nous Wage Conference, that the two
sides had gotten together on a con-
tract to supplant the one which ex-
pired March 31. And that its form
will be perfected by a subcommittee
meeting at 1:30 p. m. tomorrow.
The full committee will meet then
at 3:30 p. in. for final approval.
Government Takes Over Mines
The government stepped in to op-
erate those mines affected by a wave
of wildcat work interruptions which
had partially closed plants turning
out war-vital steel.
It acted while the negotiators plod-
ded doggedly ahead in their delib-
erations. Van Horn's announcement
came less than three hours after the
federal action.
Presidential Order Obeyed
President Roosevelt issued an or-
der to Secretary of Interior Ickes to
assume operation of any or all mines
where stoppages exist or are threat-
ened. Ickes acted within an hour,
thus putting the government into the
coal business for the fourth time since
the United States entered the war.
Union Disclaims Respnsibiity
The seizure occurred while John
L. Lewis, president of the United
Mine Workers, bargained with oper-
ators on a new contract. They were
in "tentative agreement" on all but
one point.
. The union disclaimed all responsi-
bility for the strikes. Lewis had
agreed to extension of the old con-
tract until May 1, but in the field
thousands of miners were idle.
Tom Harmon
Made Captain
Promotion of First Lt. Tom Har-
mon, University All-American half-
back in 1940, to the rank of Captain
was announced today by the War
Department in a telegram to Har-
mon's parents.
Harmon is now stationed at Camp
Van Nuys, Calif. as an instructor for
.P-38's
Harmon twice escaped serious in-
jury when his plane crashed, once
in South America and again in
China.
CAMPUS EVENTS

Army-Navy

To

3: :! .1.

Present

Gala

Revue

Today

inth Army
Tanks Take

Coeds and Servicemen
Granted Late Permission

More than 140 campus servicemen
will invade Hill *Auditorium tonight
to present the Army-Navy Revue be-
ginning at 8 p. mn. EWT (7 p. m.
CWT).
Late permission has been granted
both coeds and servicemen to attend
the huge show and all profits will be
Russians Oust
Germans from
Austrian Capital
Escape Route from
Port Section Cut Off
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 11, Wednesday-
The Russians hurled the Germans
from all of Vienna west of the Dan-
ube Canal yesterday and thrust
within three and a half miles of cut-
ting the rail escape route from the
narrow port district and eastern sub-
urbs still held by the enemy.
Heavy fighting raged inthe strip
betweeen the canal and the Danube
River, a space three miles long and
less than a half-mile wide. Soviet
artillery from three sides raked the
district, which includes Prater and
the commercial areas of Leopold-
stadt and Briggittenau.
All the main portions of Vienna,
including the old city bounded by the
Ringstrasse, were in the hands of
Marshal Feodor I. Tolbukhin's Third
Ukrainian Army, while Marshal Ro-
dion Y. Malinovsky's Second Ukrain-
ian forces drove west along the Dan-
ube's north banks to the city limits
of Vienna.
Yanks Engulf
Sulu, Liberate
Southern Luzon
By Thew Associated Press
The American steam-roller cam-
paign in the Philippines has engulfed
the strategic Sulu Archipelago, liber-
ated all of southern Luzon and freed
the famous Culion Leper colony. Gen.
Douglas MacArthur reported late
Tuesday.
These sensational developments
were announced almost simultane-
ously with Adm. Chester W. Nimitz's
report that Yank doughboys fighting
on the southern Okinawa front were
held to a standstill by the Nipponese
defenders. Marines to the north
made gains of 2,000 yards after beat-
ing off two small counterattacks.
Japanese resistance on southern
Okinawa continued stubborn. The
Nipponese fruitlessly counterattack-
ed after terrific artillery bombard-
ments. American naval guns and
planes supported ground forces.

offered to the Army and Navy Re-
lief Societies.
Ten different acts from both the
Navy and Army will be featured in
the Revue. They are:
1. The 80-piece Navy band under
the direction of William D. Revelli.
2. Doc Fielding as Master of Cere-
monies and producer of the Revue.
Fielding is a Navy medical student
and has been popular on campus for
more than a year.
3. Sgt. Vernon Anderson of Army
headquarters. Sgt. Anderson per-
fromed his imitation act profession-
ally before joining the service.
4. The 15-piece Navy orchestra
under the direction of Frank Wor-
den. This orchestra, made up entire-
ly of Navy V-12 students has played
for Union afternoon dances and spe-
cial parties.
5. A quartet from Co. A. This
quartet was featured as intermission
entertainment at the recent Victory
Ball.
6. Foo Foo Fenner and his Fasci-
nating Five. These five bluejackets
from the Navy V-12 are the hottest
jive players to hit campus in quite a
while.
7. WPfe. Bill Corkery singing popu-
lar songs.
8. The 30-member Navy Glee Club,
directed by Leonard V. Meretta of the
School of Music and accompanied by
Paul Keuter.
9 Pfe. Dick Thomas on the piano.
Thomas was connected with last
year's Army show, Rumor Has It.
10. Pete Farago. He plays the ac-
cordian and used to work for a Chi-
cago radio station before becoming a
Navy medical student.
11. Cpl. Bill Borges performing feats
of magic.
12. A surprise number from the
"home front."
The Army-Navy Revue is sanction-
ed by Army and Navy units stationed
on campus and is sponsored by the
League, Union and Daily.
Campus coeds 'and Army and Navy
personnel will be permitted to remain
out until 11 p. m. EWT (10 p. m.
CWT) to attend the show. Tickets
may be obtained at the boxoffice and
the doors of Hill Auditorium will open
at 7:15 p. m. EWT (6:15 p. m. CWT).
Einstein Leaves
Princeton Staff
Professor Emeritus
PRINCETON, N. J., April 10-(/P)-
Dr. Albert Einstein was retired from
active duty on the staff of the Insti-
tute for Advanced Study here and
will continue his research as a Pro-
fessor Emeritus, Dr. Frank Aydelotte,
director of the, Institute, announced
today.
The mathematician, who was re-
tired automatically after passing the
age of 65, is working on the theory
of bivector fields and other fields.

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(AP Wirephoto Map)
WHERE ALLIES CARVE INTO GERMAN TERRITORY-Arrows locate major Allied drives advancing
into the remaining German-held territory (shaded area). Pointer-arrow is drawn along line of possible
simultaneous drives from American and Russian fronts to carve out a corridor cutting Germany in half.
Dispatches reported the Canadians have nearly isol ated Germans in Holland and the British are nearing
Bremen. Americans drove beyond Crailsheimn and th e French, southeast. of Karlsruhe, threatened to

pocket more Germans.

On the Eastern front Russians fought in Vienna.

Newcoml Asks
Education To
Guide Germans
Education and propaganda offered
to the German people after the war,
in the opinion of Prof. T. M. New-
comb of the sociology department,
must give them hope and point the
way for their eventual participation
in a world organization.
Propaganda Work
Prof. Newcomb, who nas been ac-
tive for three years in official gov-
ernment. propaganda work, will speak
on "The Battle for the Mind of Ger -
many" at 7:30 p.m. EWT (6:30 p.m.
CWT) today in Rm. 320, Union. His
talk will be under the auspices of
the Post-War Council;
Educate for Democracy
"We must reveal to the Germans

Play Production Will Present
'Uncle Harry' Starting Today

The case history of "Uncle Harry"
will be disclosed at 8:30 p.m. EWT
(7:30 p.m. CWT) today in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater.
The play is under the direction of
Prof. Valentine Windt of the Depart-
ment of Speech and is Play Produc-
IRA To Elect
Ofijcers, Plait
Activities ioda y
The Inter-Racial Association will

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1.
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what is the attitude of the rest of the elect a secretary and teasurer and
world toward them," Prof. Newcomb plan future activities at a meeting
stated in an interview yesterday, to be held at 7:30 p. m. EWT (6:30
"and at the same time, combat their
resentment toward us." He explainedlin (CWT) today in the Union.
that educating them for democracy The purposes of the organization
should be our primary goal in the are, as president Herbert Otto said,
long run but pointed out that short "to promote racial unity, help elimi-
run propaganda would boomerang if nate the sourcesand causes of inter-
it forced democratic ideals on the racial friction and discrimination, and
people. thus promote the concrete realization
Referring to the effect of defeat of a living democracy."
on the German mind, Prof. Newcomb Among the activities sponsored by
said he believed that each German the IRA in the past semester are lec-
will concentrate on his particular tures, a Race Clinic, participation in
fortunes. "The older generation," he Negro History Week; and campus-
revealed, "has not been Nazified as wide distribution of the pamphlet
much as the younger generation." "Races of Mankind."

tion's first offering of the spring
semester.
"Uncle Harry" is a psychological
study of the successful murderer. He
himself tells the story of his expert
planning and execution of the crime.
Not only does he completely escape
the law, but he is not even taken
seriously when he confesses to the
crime. Uncle Harry is left to haunt
the local tavern, telling his unusual
Ctory to any unfortunate victim fall-
ing into his hands.
The leading roles of Uncle Harry
and his two sisters, Lettie and Hes-
ter, are played by Byron Mitchell,
Betty Blomquist, and Babette Blum
respectively:
Others in the cast include Dorothy
Murzek, Janine Robinson, William
Cooke, Onnolee Anderson, and Orris
Mills. vJames Land, Harp McGuire,
Henry Mant ho, Arthur Shef, San-
ford Max, and Margaret Beckton
complete the cast.
Today's and tomorrow's perfor-
mances feature a special rate to all
students.
Taylor Reveals
Renaissance
False Records
Research in the works of Renais-
sance writers discloses that bibli-
ographies of non-existent books have
been compiled, Prof. Archer Taylor,
who spoke yesterday at Rackham
Amphitheater under the auspices of
the German department, pointed out.
A specializer in folklore and me-
dieval literature and chairman of the
German department at the Univer-
sity of California, Prof. Taylor de-
scribed in his lecture bibliographies,
guides, and records written by schol-
are from 1500-1700. These early doc-
uments became almost unknown, he
said, after 1700 because learning af-
ter that period shifted away from
the use of Latin, in which most of
these documents were written, others
being written in Italian, French, and
English. Increased nationalism and

Steel Works
Troops Drive 110
Miles From Berlin
By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 11, Wednesday-The
U.S. Ninth Army, in a neck and neck
race with the American First Army
toward Berlin, quickly toppled Ger-
many's 12th city of Hannover yester-
day and swept on 28 miles into Brun-
swick's outskirts at a point only 110
miles from the Reich capital.
While tank units of the Ninth also
overran Salzgitter, site of the Goer-
ing Steel Works ten miles southwest
of imperilled Brunswick, U.S. First
Army troops in a 40-mile advance on
the south smashed into Nordhausen
and likewise struck within 110 miles
of Berlin with the seizure of localities
near Auleben, 45 miles west of Halle
and 57 miles from Leipzig.
Reach Erfurt
Farther south the U.S. Third Army,
capturing 285 members of the Ger-
man Foreign Ministry at Muehlhau-
sen, rolled on and reached the out-
skirts of Erfurt and Coburg, 50 miles
from the Czechoslovakian frontier in
the swelling drive to split Germany.
Thousands of Allied warpla1es
were aiding the explosive advances
into the heart of Germany and de-
stroyed 377 German planes during
the day.
Tanks Cross Weser River
In the north the British Second
Army sent tank columns across the
shattered Weser River line north of
fallen Hannover, a city of nearly a
half-million population, and reached
the Aller River at a point within 60
miles of Hamburg. great German
port. Berlin said units of this army
already had crossed the lower Aller
and were only 50 miles from Ham-
burg.
To the west the Canadians plunged
within 25 miles of the seaport of
Emden in their race to close the last
corridor leading into Holland where
between 100,000 and 200,000 Ger-
mans are pocketed. Other units
fought deeper into Holland itself.
Elements of the First and Ninth
Army fought savage rear actions as
they compressed the shrinking Ruhr
pocket where 100,000 Germans were
trapped. Field dispatches said the
Germans were flying in old planes by
night and trying to rescue key offi-
cers and personnel.
Graduation Day
Is Announced
vySecretarv
Commencement exercises for 979
University of Michigan students has
been set for June 23, according to
Herbert G. Watkins, secretary, who
released the figures today.
According to tentative figures com-
piled by Watkins almost half or 450
of the 979 graduates will come from
the College of Literature, Science
and the Arts. The Graduate school
is next, planning to give degrees to
166. The College of Engineering is
third with 95 students scheduled for
diplomas.
Even though the commencement
exercises are scheduled for June 23,
the actual diplomas will not be sent
out for ten days. During this period
a compilation of grades must be sent
to the Board of Regents for their
final approval.
Debators To
Oppose Alma
Unierityde atn tem wilg

University debating teams will go
to Alma and Central Michigan Col-
leges today to discuss the question
of compulsory arbitration of labor
disputes.

---

Today 140 Servicemen present
Army-Navy Revue at 8
p. m. EWT (7 p.m. CWT),
Hill Auditorium.
Today IRA business meeting at
7:30 p. n. EWT (6:30
p. m. CWT), the Union.
Today Prof. Newcomb speaks on
Nazi propaganda under
the auspices of Post-War
Council at 7:30 p. m.
EWT (6:30 p. m. CWT) in
Rm. 320, the Union.
Today through Saturday Play
Production presents "Un-
cle Harry" at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT),
Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre.
Today Dr. William Frankena
rnka na n , "irra.rr i

NOT CONFUSIN' BUT AMUSIN':
Shrewd Students Ignore Change In Time

r",

EDITOR'S NOTE; Perry Logan, the
Daily's roving reporter, whose own watch
is set on Mountain War Time, has been
assigned to note campus reaction to the
recent University change from Eastern
to central War Time. Logan, somewhat
confused by the fact that he now gets
up at noon for his 8 o'clocks, reports his
observations below: -
It ain't confusin', it's "amusin'!
Campus reaction to the time
change Monday has been rather less
than was expected by many self-
styled experts, who last week were

there, and that in general, students,
like spring, would be a little late
this year.
Those who were waiting to see the
campus in turmoil were disappointed
Monday when students and faculty
alike almost without exception turn-
ed up promptly at 7, 8 and 9 a. m.
CWT for classes that last week had
been 8, 9 and 10 o'clocks.
They gaped with amazement
when University offices whose door-
windows said 8 a. m. opened

to 7 o'clocks with no apparent extra
discomfiture, when Michigan men be-
gan making dates with Michigan
women for the dances this weekend
from 8 to 11 p. m., and when students
only smiled when State St. clocks
said 5 p. m. while the carillon tolled
4, the sadists gave up.
For the campus had quite quick-
ly realized that although Univer-
sity clocks had been set back one
hour, all permanent schedules, of-
fice hours and class hours had
been set back an hour too. The

the same thing himself. Professional
ethics and the AAUP forbid disclos-
ing his name.
But other than that, the time
change seems to have gone prac-
tically unnoticed. Girls are com-
ing in on time, warm nights are
still enticing nature lovers in an
easterly direction, and the local
railroads report that, to their know-
ledge, nobody has missed a train
as yet.
Because there really has been no
change in the actual time of campus

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