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April 07, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Y r e

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tiattij

WEATHER
Partly Cloudy and Mild,
Showers, Cooler

I

VOL. LV, No. 115 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S. Aids
Flooded
Louisiana
Red River Covers
Shreveport Area
By The Associated Press
NEW ORLEANS, April 6.-Levees
crumbled and a general exodus of
dwellers followed as a major flood
spread out today down the Red River
basin in central Louisiana.
Calls for relief were answered by
the Red Cross, U.S. Coast Guard
and state and other relief agencies
which it was believed would pre-
vent any material loss of life.
An estimated 500,000 acres of
land was inundated.
The crest of the flood on Red
River, a western tributary of the
Mississippi, was centering today in
the Shreveport area. It was destined
to move down about 300 miles of fer-
tile basin to the Mississippi, where
preparations were being hurried to
divert surplus through the huge Mor-
ganza Floodway to the gulf.
J. Fritz Thompson, director of
Red Cross Temporary Relief Head-
quarters at Alexandria, La., esti-
mated today that roughly 25,000 or
more families had become effected
by the Red River flood and other
Louisiana inundations. 'He said
that 5,000 families had already
been evacuated to tented refugee
colonies dotting the hills.
The Red Cross, he said, had em-
barked upon its most extensive flood
relief campaign in 18 years and was
prepared to shelter 150,000 families
in the valley of the Mississippi River
and its tributaries.
Thompson reported that evacuees
had been 3 emoved from inundated
sections in thirty Louisiana parishes
(counties).
Meantime Harry D. Wilson, Loui-
siana Agriculture Commissioner, re-
ported that "a great deal" of the
state's finest cotton land had gone
under water.
Movie on Air
Force To Be
Shown Todayp
"Target for Today", an 80-minute
film showing a day's mission of our
Eighth Bomber Command based in
England will be shown at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphithea-
ter.
The movie, presented by the Post-
War Council, the Bureau of Visual
Education, the Inter-Racial Associa-
tion and MYDA, will be open to the
public.
Day's Raid Shown
Factors considered in the careful
selectin of certain German aircraft
plants as the day's targets will be
indicated by the film. The day's raid
will he shown in detail.
Lt.-Col. William Keigley, Chief of
the Motion Picture Services Division,
Army Air Forces produced and edited
the film. Col. Keigley is known for
the production of such films as "The
Man Who Came to Dinner", "The
Fighting 69th" and "George Wash-
ington Slept Here".
Made for Air Force
"Target for Today", made origin-
ally for. Air Forces staff training in
this country, has been used by the
Office of War Information for show-
ing before specialized civilian audi-
ences,

Tank Force Deepens
** * * 4 4

Weser

River

Break

*

*

*

*

*

*

DNB

Reports

New

Jap

Cabinet

Formed

.;

Nips Hit Okinawa Fleet;
Tojo Named in Regime

Suzuki Appoints
Five Ex-Prenmiers
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 7, Saturday-
The German agency DNB, quoting
the Singapore radio, said today
Premier Kantaro Suzuki had form-
ed a new Japanese cabinet' which
included -en. Hideki Tojo, Premier
at the time of Pearl Harbor.
This account said Suzuki, who
often had stood against army and
navy extremists, had selected a cabi-
net studded with former premiers.
The lineup, none of whom was a

Damage Inflicted
Of Minor Import
- BULLETIN -
SAN FRANCISCO, April 6.-(IP)
-Approximately 100 B-29s, escort-
ed by nearly 40 P-51 fighter planes,
raided the Tokyo-Yokohama dis-
trict
By The Associated Press
GUAM, April 7, Saturday - A
large force of Japanese aircraft
attacked the mighty American in-.
vasion fleet off Okinawa yesterday
but inflicted only minor damage.
American fighters shot down at
least 150 of the attacking planes.
In the Okinawa ground fighting,
marines on the north end of the
American line scored advances up
to 5,000 yards, still finding only
"small, scattered groups of the
enemy," while infantrymen press-
ing upon the capital city of Nadia
at the south fought deeper into
fixed defense positiohs, fleet Adm.
Chester W. Nimitz announced to-
day.
Stiff Jap Opposition
United States 10th Army troops
on Okinawa are encountering stiff
Japanese opposition from fixed de-
fenses north of the city of Naha,
goal of the American push south-
ward, while Marines on the northern
sector advanced up to 5,000 yards on
Ishikawa Isthmus.
American Philippine-based Liberat-
ors hit Hong Kong Thursday with 164
tons of bombs, making it a total of
458 tons dropped on the Japanese-
held China coast city in three straight
days.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur said today
the latest Hong Kong strike fired oil
storage tanks. Direct hits were scored
on a 10,000-ton freighter and two
other ships.
Sink 20 Vessels
U. S. bombers from the Philippines
on the China Sea blockade patrol
sank 20 Japanese vessels, including a
10,000-ton freighter transport, while
another flight of bombers set large
fires in the Tarakan oil storage area
in northern Borneo.

Barents Sea
Arctic Ocean
SOVIET RUSSIA
R e s KAMCHATKA
SAKHALIN PENINSULA
London (ANCMUR ALLU
MONGOLIA, tjiyostic
~ North
CHINAJAPANcilic Ocean
Chungking *ky
NAWA H . AWAIIAN
INDIA 6 URSAANDS
WAKE
SAIPAN
GUAMARSHA5
--------- -GILERTIS.
-Indian Ocean A' SOLOMON
NEW
SoutrĀ® SDSGUINEA . .. .7
Atlantic Ocean -
AUSTRALIA FSouth
Pacific Ocean
O 2000 -
RUSSIA'S POSITION BETWEEN GERMANY AND JAPAN-The huge and strategic position of Russia,.
who has denounced her neutrality pact with Japan, in relation to the Axis holdings (black areas) in
Europe and Asia is apparent on this map. Arrows locate principal Allied drives in both theaters of war.

A

KANTARO SUZUKI
Forms new Jap cabinet
member of the cabinet of former Pre-
mier Kuniaki Oiso, included:
Prince Fumitaka Konoye, premier
just before Tojo took over for the
surprise blow at Pearl Harbor.
Admiral Keisuke Okada, premier
at the time of the bloody army re-
volt in 1936 in which he first was re-
ported assassinated by the extrem-
ists who found him too conservative.
Gen. Koki Hirota, former premier
and foreign minister at the time the
Japanese began their current war
on China.
Gen. Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma,
long an advocate of a strong and
militant Japan..
Gen. Baron Waratsuhe and Mar-
quiss Hiro, the latter former Lord
Privy Seal.
'Liberation Near'
Danes, Norse Told
LONDON, April 6.-(/)- Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden told Danes
and Norwegians on the fifth anni-
versary of the German invasion of
their countries today that their
"hotir of liberation is near" and
praised their long struggle against
Nazi occupation.

Burton Tower
Clock To Be
et Back Today
The big clock on Burton Tower will
be set back one hour at 11:30 p. m.
today', one day earlier than the
scheduled time for the change of all
campus clocks to slow'time.
Edward C. Pardon, Superintendent
of Building and Grounds, revealed
that electricians would stop the Tow-
er clock for an hour tonight so that
it would register time in conformity
with the Board of Regent's ruling
of March 30 putting University clocks
on Central War Time.
University clocks will follow suit to-
morrow at midnight and all campus
buildings will register Central War
Time. Ann Arbor will remain on
Eastern War Time.

'

CAMPUS HOLIDAY:
FielFeing To Emcee Service
Revue; Fenner's Five Featured

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 7, Saturday-Rus-
sian shock troops drove up against
the southern and southeastern limits
of Vienna last night on a ten-mile
front and the Vienna radio reported
just before midnight that violent
street fighting was raging in the
city proper.
As the Russian approached the
city radio station-they were less
than a mile away Thursday night-
the Nazi-controlled transmitter in-
terrupted a program of patriotic
music to report Soviet assault teams
wedging into the southern metropoli-
tan districts to threaten the Austri-
an capital's gas and power supplies.
Nazis Claim Red Setback
The rot.r of guns was heard in the
background, but the Germans claim-
ed that Red Army tommy-gunners
had been thrown back.
Moscow',. nightly war bulletin re-
vealed that a mass of Russian armor
from two armies had driven up to the
city limits on a ten-mile frort stret-
ching from R.othneusiedl, four and a
half miles south of the city center, to
the Danube River at Schwechat, in-
ByAilTaxiDrver
NEW YORK, April 6.-(/P)-A fun-
eral procession halted, turned around
and went to a police station today,
delaying a burial for several hours
because of an argument between the
funeral director and a taxi driver.
The hearse and two automobiles
filled with mourners, with the taxi
bringing up the rear, made a three
quarters of a mile detour so that
William Francis Peterson, the fun-
eral director, could prefer disorderly
conduct charges against Arthur
Warpelsky, the taxi driver.

Russian Assault Troops Attack
Southeastern Limits of Vienna
Violent Street Fighting Is Reported in City;
Yugoslav Liberation Army Captures Sarajevq

dustrial southeastern suburb five
miles from famed St. Stephan's
Church.
Schwechat, site of a great aircraft
plant, was seized by Marshal Feodor
I. Tolbukhin's Third Ukrainian Ar-
my. At the same time, Marshal Ro-'
dion Y. Malinovsky's second Ukrain-
ian group drove 14 miles along the
south bank of the Danube and cap-
tured Fischamend-Markt and Fis-
chamend-Dorf.
Elements of Malinovsky's army on
the north bank of the Danube reach-
ed the east bank of the Moravia Riv-
er,
Appropriations
Bill To, Include
'U' Structur e,

Nazis Report
Allied Entry
Into Eisleben
Elbe Only Barrier
On Road to Berlin
By The Associated Press
PARlIS, Saturday, April 7-A re-
lentless tide of Allied tanks and
troops-sometimes sweeping ahead 40
to 60 miles-broke the Weser River
line 18 miles from Hannover yester-
day, all but sealed off Holland and
her greatest cities, and engulfed
Hamm and Wuerzburg.
A wholly unconfirmed German
broadcast said U. S. Third Army for-
ces, coursing far in the van of the
western advance, had suddenly spurt-
ad 40 miles east into Martin Luther's
'irthplace of Eisleben, in Saxony 90
mniles southwest of Berlin, striking
with airborne tanks.
Weser River Line Ripped
The Weser River line-only the
Elbe now stands between the Allie
Flag Goes Up
By The Associated Press
EHRENBREITSTEIN, Germany,
April 6-In the presence of a rare
assembly of high-ranking American
generals, Gen. Omar N. Bradley
formally raised the Stars and
Stripes today over the frowning
fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, across
the Rhine from Coblenz, and told
the Germans that there would be
no doubt about who won this war.
"This time we shall leave the
German people with no illusions
about who won the war-and no
legends about who lost the war.
They will know that the brutal
Nazi creed they adopted has led
them ingloriously to total defeat;"
said the commander of the 12th
Army group.
aid Berlin-was ripped to shreds by
multiple British Second and U. S.
Ninth Army crossings as the U. S.
First Army jumped into the swelling
attack with a 22-mile push to the
Weser 164 miles west of Berlin.
One of the British Second Army's
flying columns, some of which travel-
ed 60 miles in 24 hours since break-
ing out on the north German plain
through the mountain passes, turned
up abruptly in Diepholz, less than 35
miles south of the big German river
port of Bremen.
Hamm, Railway Center, Falls
Hamm, Germany's biggest railway
center, fell with astonishing swiftness
to the U. S. Ninth Army, which with
the powerful First Army, began a
broad-scale attack on 125,000 or more
Germans trapped in the Ruhr.
INNOCENT MINDS:
Maurer Calls
Education Foe
Of Propaganda
"Propaganda may be combatted by
using our teaching methods to in-
struct people how to think, and re-
moving the iniquities which frustrate
people, thus eliminating the condi-
tion proper for authoritarian influ-
ence," said Prof. Wesley Maurer of
the journalism department in an ad-
dress delivered last night at the Hil-
lel Foundation.
Authoritarian Device -
Propaganda today is an ancient
authoritarian device of one 'person,
or a group of persons, doing the

thinking for others, he explained.
We are more conscious of it today
because of the high value we place
on independent thinking and our
own personal worth, Prof. Maurer
said.
There are certain attitudes which
make one susceptible to propaganda,
Prof. Maurer stated. Artificiality or
"escape thinking", in which people
try to avoid unpleasant facts, and
the unwillingness of individuals to
express their opinions are states of
mind in which nronaanda is readilv

The Hill Auditorium spotlight will
shine on 140 campus servicemen pre-
senting the Army-Navy Revue Wed-
nesday night.
Combining stage talent from both
Army arnd Navy units on campus for
the first time since the beginning of
the war, the Revue will begin at 8
p.m. E.W.T. (7 p.m. C.W.T.), and
all proceeds will be offered to Army
and Navy Relief Societies.
"Doc" Fielding, favorite campus

Prof. Stevenson Announces Bus. Ad. S hool
Training Course for Veterans on Campus

Plans for an intensive, four month course in business administration,
designed and timed expressly for the returning veteran who wants to estab-
lish his own business, were announced by Russell A. Stevenson, dean of
the University School of Business Administration yesterday.
After a conference with Dr. Eugene B. Elliott, state superintendent of
public instruction, and Lt. Col. Philip C. Jack, director of the state office of
veterans affairs, Dean Stevenson an-v -

nounced that the course will open
Nov. 1, 1945, with facilities for 100
entrants .
Meets G. 1. Requirements
The proposed course meets the re-
quirements of the x. I. Bill, thus
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Lane Hall Open House
from 8-12 p. m.
Today "Target for Today" illu-
strates work of Eighth
Bomber Command at
7:30 p. m. in Rackham
A m h A

qualifying any veteran who plans
to enroll to receive benefits under
that law. These benefits include pay-
ment of tuition and the necessary
educational expenses plus $50 a
month for unmarried men and $75 a
month for married men for living
costs.
Planned by the School of Business
Administration in the light of its
pre-war and war experience in giv-
ing short courses for businessmen,
the course is designed especially for
those planning on retail or service
businesses. About 60 per cent of
soldiers who want their own business

comprise work of the first division
with the use of actual problems and
laboratory work. Finances, the
handling, efficient use and manage-
ment of capital, business law make
up the second group; the third in-
cludes merchandising, buying and
selling of goods, personnel manage-
ment and cost problems.
A detailed study of the business the
student intends to pursue, in addition
to public relations, business facts and
information, will be included in the
last division.
To Help Vets Start Business
During the four months, 24 hours
of weekly class work, about one and
one half as many hours as the average
student carries, will be given in the
program. Any veteran certified by
the University Veterans Service Bu-
reau, who, in the opinion of the ad-

emcee for more than a year, will pro-
vide entertainment between numbers
by the 80-piece Navy band, a piano
solo by Pfc. Dick Thomas of Co. A,
Frank Worden's 15-piece Navy or-
chestra, an Army quartet, songs by
Pfc. Bill Corkery, impressions by Sgt.
Vernon Anderson of Army Head-
quarters, jive music by "Foo Foo
Fenner and His Fascinatin' Five",
the Navy Glee Club, Pete Farago on
the accordion, feats of magic by Cpl.
Bill Borges and a special surprise
number from the "home front".
11 P.M. Permission Granted
Ann Arbor Army and Navy units
are sanctioning the Revue and the
Union, League and Daily are spon-
soring it. Both servicemen and cam-
pus coeds have been granted 11 p.m.
permission the night of the show.
The USO, Union, League, local
book stores, the Galens stand in the
Hospital, restaurants and the Ameri-
can Legion and VFW posts are sell-
ing tickets for the Revue.
Petitions Due
By NOOn1 Today
Petitions for positions on the
Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions must be turned in to the Stu-
dent Offices of the Union by noon
today.
The Men's Judiciary Council will
interview applicants next week. Qua-
lifying candidates will be announced
hv the Council later in the wee.k An

school aid bill was brought out on
the Senate floor yesterday.
According to an Associated Press
report, the Senate finance committee
opposed the strong school lobby, re-
leasing to the floor a $55,000,000 ap-
propriation bill which is $5,000,000
smaller than the educators' mini-
mum demand. The administration's
building program, once estimated at
$90,000,000. was scaled down by the
committee to only $5,9,92,700.
Also included was $700,000 for a
new classroom at Michigan State
College, $380,000 for an arts and
crafts building at Central Michigan
College, $44,000 to supplement a dor-
mitory appropriation at Michigan
State Normal, a $300,000 fine arts
building at Western Michigan Col-
lege plus $85,000 for an extension of
for an addition to the Kalamazoo
Hospital p6wer plant.

VISION OF LIFE:
French Plays Must Be Treated
Like a Ballet, Prof. Koella Says

A $1,500,000 appropriation
new general service building
University included in the

for a
at the
State,

A French play must be treated like
a ballet or an opera.
Such is the opinion of Prof. Char-
les E. Koella of the Romance Langu-
age department, for every gesture and
every step taken on the stage must
be learned with the part. In pre-
paring "Ces Dames aux Chapeaux

to give a vision of life," Prof Koella
pointed out. Motivation on the stage
,and French gesturing, far different
from our own, must be mastered.
First Works Individually
With about two months of daily re-
hearsals, Prof. Koella first works in-
dividually with each student to train

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