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April 04, 1945 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-04

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Senate Overrides FDR To
Stop Manpower Control Bill

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 3-The Sen-
ate overrode' President Roosevelt to-
day with a crushing 46 to 29 rejec-
tion of a bill empowering the Ad-
ministration to freeze workers to war
jobs and apply other sweeping man-
power controls.
Convinced that further efforts to
win votes for the measure were fu-
tile, majority leader Barkley (Ky.)
called for a vote unexpectedly this
afternoon and sat by helplessly as the
margin rolled up against it.
No Prospect of Manpower Legislation
It previously was understood that
the showdown would be delayed until
While, at the suggestion of Senator
O'Mahoney (D.-Wyo.), the Senate
Krug Outlines
Program for

New Mandates
Will Relax Control

By The Associated Press
Chairman J. A. Krug predicted to ay
that within one year after Germany's
collapse, U. S. plants will be pro-
ducing a substantial amount of all
the things civilians have been miss-
This does not mean that all civilian
desires will be met in those 12 months,
he told a pews conference, but it
does mean that they can be satisfied
to a considerable extent in all fields.
Munitions Output Cut
Krug said that despite a slower
start toward reconversion than was
hoped for last fall, total munitions
output will be cut about 35 per cent
in the year following V-E day. This,
he said, would permit by the end of
that year a rate of civilian goods
manufacture roughly equal to that
of 1939.
Krug promised today that the.
government would not attempt to
shape the- country's postwar business
structure. But he warned that while
Japan fights we will not enjoy any-
thing like a free economy.
Outlines Reconversion Program
Krug outlined this reconversion
program to become effective at times
depending on the extent of military
cutbacks :-.
1. War contracts will be cancelled,
wherever possible, in such a way as to
distribute the munitions load evenly
throughout the country; this will pre-
vent many cities or regions from be-
ing tied up with armaments while
others go ahead with peacetime pro-
2. Priorities and allotments of ma-
terials will be continued for a very
limited number of civilian products
"which are in short supply and whose
scarcity endangers the continued war
Manufacturers To Get Aid
3. Manufacturers will get assist-
ance in obtaining tools, equipment,
needed new construction, and neces-
sary materials and parts so that they
may be ready for large-scale civilian
manufacturing when deep arms cut-
backs occur.
4. WPB will suspend, in most cases,
the priority rules which prevent the
delivery of materials and parts to
non-priority purchasers.
5. The controlled materials plan,
or "CMP"-under which steel, copper
and a iminum are rationed to manu-

approved a motion to seek a further
conference with the House in an ef-
fort at a new compromise, the feel-
ing prevailed that there was no pros-
pect of any manpower legislation at
The last hope of passage of the
pending bill faded yesterday when
Senator Johnson (D.-Colo.), one of
its original sponsors, joined the line-
up against it after James F. Byrnes,
just before quitting as War Mobiliz-
ation Director, called for its passage.
Opposition Because of Byrnes' Resig
Johnson said that with Byrnes re-
tiring to civil life "it is a poor time
to freeze other people to their jobs."
Senator Hatch (D.-N. M.) sought
to save the measure today with a
plea for support of the Presidentand
military authorities.
He said he resented the implica-
tion that by quitting Byrnes was
doing something he would deny work-
ers. Byrnes stayed on the job, Hatch
said, "longer perhaps than his health
and welfare permitted."
"Inviting People to Quit"
Senator Lucas (D.-Ill.) declared
that Senators using Johnson's argu-
ment were "virtually inviting people
to quit" when Germany is defeated.
"On the face of the record of war
production and the fact of testimony
by both Management and Labor that
voluntary methods will produce more
war weapons, I am compelled to vote
against the pending bill, and the vast
amount of power it would put in
one man."
Prof. Leonard
To DeiverLast
Talkth on Spain
Discussing Domingo Saustino Sar-
miento's visits to and observations of
the United States, Prof. Irving Leon-
ard of the Spanish department, will
deliver the seventh and final of La-
Sociedad Hispanica current lecture
series at 8 p. m. tonight in the
A great educator and statesman of
Argentina, Sarmiento (1811-1888)
was Minister Plenipotentiary to the
United States in 1868, when he receiv-
ed an honorary degree from the Uni-
'An enthusiastic and enlightened
observer of the United States, the
Spanish Argentine was greatly inter-
ested in the American education sys-
tem. Interested in our ways and
positively critical of our standards, he
saw the necessity for a better under-
standing between his country and our

To Kyushu Heck3
32S Miles,
- - . Kowaa
China Nago *Nago =' Bay
Bayp ICH1
-T @ G? BGushich
cm aifiC
NEWEST BEACHHEAD IN THE PACIFWC-Black area is approximate
beachhead won by the new U. s. 10th Army, including the Marine
Third Amphibious Corps, landing on Okinawa island in the Ryukyus.
Two airfields have been captured.
Membership Offers Facilities

New students on campus and those
interested, may join the B'nai Brith
Hillel Foundation during the mem-
bership drive which will extend to
April 8.
The function of the Hillel Founda-
tion is to provide students and ser-
vicemen with a place to work, play,
study and make new friends. Stu-
dents in need of financial aid may
obtain help through the numerous
scholarships which have been estab-
lished by friends of the Foundation.
Many Facilities Offered
With the idea in mind of providing
' G
Wayne, 'U T
Debate Tday

Will Argue

Question of
in Strikes

i '

Forestry School Develops Post War
Wood Products, Says Prof. Kynoch

facturers-will be continued but re-
laxed so that civilian orders may be
filled when military deliveries are
WPB Orders To Be Relaxed
6. A substantial number "of WPB's
orders restricting output of civilian
goods will be relaxed or suspended"
as quickly as practicable.
7. Most of the "conservation or-
ders, specifying which materials must
be used in making various products,
will be revoked.
8. The construction order will be
relaxed to permit "the most urgently
needed civilian construction.
9. Steps will be taken to assure
that small business and new busi-
nesses will get full opportunity to par-
ticipate in civilian production, even
where only limited manufacturing ac-
tivity is possible.

Ten Wayne University debaters will
come here today to participate in
five debates on the question of com-
pulsory arbitration of labor disputes
which will take place in speech and
discussion classes.
Wayne University's three negative
teams-Gilbert Ray, Judith Gleiber,
Cecelia Arkelian, Maryanna Pearse,
Adolph Koss, and Keith Trace-will
be opposed by Martin Shapero, John
Condylis, Mary Battle, Betty Lou
Bidwell, Joyce Siegan, and Mary El-
len Wood.
Two University teams composed of
James Land, Harriet Risk, Dorothy
Murzek, and Margaret Farmer will
take the negative side of the questioti
in opposition to Wayne's Patricia
Carey, Rosemary Wallace, Barney
Solomon, and John Start.
The basis for judging the debates
will be the degree to which they
change previously-held opinions of
the members of the audience. Dr.
Hance, Mr. Land, Miss Wishnevsky,
and Miss Wood will act as chairmen.

facilities for sundry forms of enter-
tainmnent and educational activities,
the Foundation has its own library
containing a collection of books in
a wide variety of fields, a music room
with an extensiye repertoire of rec-
ords, a chapel, a game room and a
lounge in which students may meet
their friends or avail themselves of
the magazine rack.
Religious services are held every
Friday night in the chapel, and are
usually followed by a short sermon
or a fireside discussion.
Lectures and Classes Held
A program of lectures covering
different subjects of pertinent inter-
est is held throughout the year.
Speakers include prominent men re-
garded as authorities in their field,
faculty members and students.
Continuing its policy of offering
unusual opportunities in the educa-
tional field, the Foundation is hold-
ing classes this semester in Hebrew,
Yiddish and contemporary Jewish
history. A "Workshop on Anti-Semi-
tism" meets weekly.
War Activities
Hillel's war activities include a
Red Cross Surgical Dressing Unit
which, working under the direction
of a Red Cross supervisor and stu-
dent leaders, weekly turns out hun-
dreds of bandages. During all Hillel
affairs a war stamp booth is placed
at the Foundation entrance.
Frequent informal mixers and a
Date Bureau provide an opportunity
for new students and servicemen on
campus to get acquainted.
Members of the Foundation are
responsible for the publication of the
Hillel News which is distributed twice
a semester. The Hillel Players, ;a
dramatic society, presents entertain-
ment programs throughout the year.
The Foundation, co-sponsors with
Avukah, student Zionist organiza-
tion, a weekly study group devoted to
discussion of topics of importance to
Jews and Jewish students in particu-
Rabbi and Council Supervise
Director of the Foundation is Rabbi
Jehudah M. Cohen, who works with
the Student Council, a group of 25
elected by Hillel members. The Coun-
cil directs all student activities
through some 20 committees each
headed by a Council members and a
Student Director.
Co-chairmen of the enrollment
committee are Betty Ginsberg and
Helen Alpert. Student Director in
charge is Beryle Walters. All per-
sons interested in joining Hillel
should contact one of the committee
members, or 'phone the Foundation-
Report on Economic
Status of Faculty
Members of the American Associa-
tion of University Professors will hold
an open dinner meeting at 6:15 p. m
tomorrow in the Union to discuss in-
formally the Senate report on the
economic status of the faculty.
Members and guests should tak
trays. from the cafeteria to the Fac-
ulty Club lunchroom.

For the past 15 years the School
of Forestry and Conservation has car-
ried on revolutionary research in
the field of wood technology at the
Wood Utilization Laboratory, a small
building behind the University Hos-
pital. The development of post war
products of wood is a part of the
work being carried on there now,
William Kynoch, Professor of Wood
Technology said.
Wood Not An Obsolete Material
A general feeling exists that wood
is an obsolete material whereas in
reality it is that conception that is
obsolete, Prof. Kynoch pointed out.
Wood is as responsive to chemical
treatment as any other material; it
has become a new material for en-
gineering and research uses as shown
in the work at the Wood Labora-
tory, and its development will not
stop there, he continued.
Wooden tubing, varied in design to
produce desired properties, is an ex-
ample of the new uses for wood. The
wooden tube has replaced steel tub-
e * *
Wood Courses
Are Changed
For Foresters
Details of the basic wood tech-
nology curriculum have been chang-
ed in order to meet the needs of stu-
dents training for definite industries
in the wood technology field, Dr.
Samuel T. Dana, dean of the forestry
school said in an interview yesterday.
Fewer Engineering Prerequisites
The program now includes fewer
engineering prerequisites and more
electives both in the wood technology
field and in the literary and business
administration schools. The new
schedule will give the sLudent flexi-
bility in preparation for work in spe-
cialized wood industries such as fur-
niture or wood or box container man-
SpecialDegree Given
A committee, headed by Charles R.
Sligh, President of the National As-
sociation of Furniture Manufactur-
ers, has approached the forestry
school with the idea of establishing
a special course for the training of
technologists in the furniture indus-
try, Dr. Dana said. Conferences with
the furniture association will con-
The University is the first school
to offer the Degree of Ba helor of
Science in Wood Technology to dis-
tinguish that training from that for
the ordinary degree in forestry. This
degree, first offered here three years
ago, has set a precedent that may be
followed by other schools, Dr. Dana
Play Production
Will 'Present
Uncle Harry'
Correct timing is an art as will be
proved when Play Production of the
Department of Speech presents "Un-
cle Harry" at 8:30 p.m. Eastern War
Time April 11-14 in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater.
Ann Arbor audiences may be slight-
ly confused to find the clocks of the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater set at
7:30 p.m. when their own watches
say 8:30 p.m., but Uncle Harry can
handle any situation when the crisis
The successful outcome of Uncle
Harry's shrewd calculations culmin-
ating in the fulfillment of his mur-
derous intentions are proof of his
ability to keep any type of program
running according to schedule.
All clocks in the University will be

I on Central War Time, one hour be-
hind E.W.T. Uncle Harry will be
there at 7:30 p.m. C.W.T. and 8:30
p.m. E.W.T. to afford a full evening
of enjoyment for those who like
psychological murder studies,
New NROPro grams
Suddenly Postponed
WASHINGTON, April 3.- (P)-
The Navy announced today that its
V-12 college units will remain ir
operation for the term from July I
to Nov. 1.
At the same time iit was announced
that establishment of additional Na-
e val Reserve Officers Training Corps
units, previously scheduled to take
place July 1, would be postponed.

ing in 26 different uses in war indu-
stry, Prof. Kynoch said. Wood pro-I
ducts weigh less, cost less to produce,
and have all the advantages in
strength that steel has. Chemical
processes have made wood highly re-
sistant to fire, moisture, and decay.
Research and Instruction
Research at the Wood laboratory is
carried on in the interest of indu-
strial associations contacted through
the engineering college.
The Wood Laboratory is used in in-
struction as well as research. Iri
1934 the forestry department intro-
duced a new type of training which
combined mechanical engineering
with wood technology, a system which
has been duplicated in other colleges
throughout the country.
Graduates Carry on Research
Some of the research carried on at
the Wood Laboratory is done.by stu-
dents working on master's or doctor's'
degrees. A few years ago a study of
the mechanical properties of tropi-
cal woods (mostly South American)
was completed by graduate students.
The laboratory is equipped with the
most modern apparatus for wood re-
search. A lumber drying kiln, a
plant for the molding of plywood, a
strength testing machine, a constant
temperature and humidity room, a
]aboratory for the microscopic study
of wood are a part of its equipment.
Molding of Plywood a Simple Process
The basic principle of the molding
of plywood as carried on in a special
plant in the laboratory is very simple,
Prof. Kynoch explained, though it
can be complicated by many different
processes used to make special pro-
Basically, it involves the laying of
alternate layers of veneer and an
adhesive on a form of the object te
be produced. The form is then put
into a rubber bag and a vacuum i
produced within the bag, thus pro-
ducing air pressure which presse
the layers of veneer together. The
Mrs. Lim Will
Address Club
Program To Feature
Native Music, Dance
"The Orient Sees America's Vision'
will be the topic of an address to be
delivered by Mrs. Pilar Hidalgo Lim
of Marinduoue, the Philippines, as a
part of the Filipino program at 8:3(
-p. m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohr
All Native Program
The entertainment, planned by th(
Philippine-Michigan Club to com-
memorate the return of America
and Filipino forcesrto the Philip
pines, will feature native music and
dance specialties. The event has beer
designed as a contribution toward the
rehabilitation of the Philippines.
Guest speaker for the evening, Mrs
Lim is a member of the Philippin
Rehabilitation Commission in Wash-
ington, D. C. She is the, wife 0
Brigadier-General Lim, first Filipin
graduate of West Point, who hasbeer
a prisoner of the Japanese since the
Philippines fell.
Former President
Mrs. Lim, former president of th
National Federation of Women'
Clubs, was general secretary of the
Centro Escolar University for Womer
in the Philippines. She advanced th
cause of woman suffrage in her ow
country, aiding its adoption in th
Philippine constitution of 1937. Whil
' in the United States, she has deliver-
ed lectures from coast to coast, ap-
pearing on several broadcasts.
The program will be open to th
public; tickets may be obtained fron
' Filipino students, or at the Inter-
s national Center.

The Veterans Organization will
hold its regular meeting at 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the basement of Lane
Since a constitutional amendment
concerning the admission of Allied
veterans will receive final action, it
is requested that all veterans attend.
The remaining portion of the meet-
ing will be devoted to the nomina-
tion and election of officers. All vet-
erans are urged to procure their eli-
gibility cards so that the business of
elections can proceed without inter-

whole thing is put into a steel cylin-
der where pressure and heat applied
through steam and air brings about
a chemical change in the adhesive.
The product when taken out is sub-
stantially a completed unit. The pro-
cess takes a very short time, usually
less than an hour, Prof. Kynoch said,
It is this process which is used
in making wood parts for airplanes,
boats, and other products of modern
industry. The chemical development
of new adhesives has helped to make
wood's new place in industry, Prof.
Kynoch stated.
1,NewOff ieers

Men Urged To Pick
Up Eligibility Cards




Loveliness is woman's birth-right
but fatigue often mars the effect.
Don't let it. Drop a spoonful of
Balpine Pine Needle Bath Oil
in your tub. Relax for fifteen
minutes and then .. SPARKLE a'

Continuous from 1 P.M.
Last Times Today



without effort.


WANTED: Student for part time
drawing work, preferably a few
hours each afternoon. Call Hen-
derson. Phone 2-3136.
or girls for lunch counter and soda
fountain, If you are in need of
part time, evening, or week end
employment, contact Mr. B. John-
son at 226 S. Main St.
ROOMS FOR RENT at 1208 Oakland,
one single, one double on insulated
third floor. Shower. Students pre-
ferred. Phone 3197.
LOST: black changepurse, red to-
kens, receipts. Call Lt. Lawton,
East Quad, Hinsdale House.
LOST: tan wallet, corner No. Uni-



40 baths in an
8 oz bottle $1.50
Other sizes: $1.

r' -
{ 1 _ ,
\: !f


Starts Thursday



NO M14,, -, Il






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