100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

April 04, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

0

V E

Air
t an

4:3atID

WEATHER

Rain or Snow. No Decided
Change in Temperature

VOL. LV, No. 112 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S.

Third Army

Army,

Marines

Gain

on

Okinawa*

Slashes 19 Miles
Yanks Reach Outskirts of Gotha; Strike
Within 65 Miles of Czechoslovakia

By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 4, Wednesday-Pow-
erful U.S. Third Army tank columns
smashed into the outskirts of Gotha
yesterday in a 19-mile sweep within
140 miles of Berlin, while Canadian
troops were only 20 miles from clos-
ing a trap on the buk of 90,000 Nazi
troops in western Holland.
Striking across wooded Thuringia
Province. Lt.-Gen. George S. Pat-
ton's flying columns drove within 65
miles of Czechoslovakia and were
three-fourths across the "waist" of
central Germany. His men were re-
ported within 160 miles of the Rus-
sian lines--less than the airline dis-
Voters Elect
New Regents
Pick Alumni Eckert,
Kennedy for Positions
Otto Eckert, Lansing, and Dr.
Charles Kennedy, Detroit, who are
both University graduates, were elect-
ed to the Board of Regents in the
spring election Monday.
They will replace Edmund Shields,
Lansing Democrat, and John D.
Lynch, Detroit Democrat, whose
terms of office expire at the end of
this year.
Eckert, director of the Lansing
Municipal Water Works, received his
B. S. from the College of Engineer-
ing here in 1912, and was active in
most engineering college organiza-
tions on campus. He has had a long
career of public service in the state.
Dr. Kennedy, chief surgeon at
Grace Hospital in Detroit, received
his M. D. here in 1913 and took a
combined lit-med program. He is
an active member of the alumni club
in Detroit and has been interested
in both the Wayne County and Mich-
igan Medical Societies for a number
of years.
Russians Take
MesSerschmitt
Plane Center
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Wednesday, April 4-
Russian storm forces captured the
great Messerschmitt plane center of
Wiener Neustadt south of Vienna
yesterday and then, in a swift 17-
mile break-through of Nazi fortifica-
tions, slashed to within six miles of
the imperiled Austrian capital.
The powerful Russian surge over
the Ieitha Mountain and river bar-
rier south and southeast of Vienna
carried Marshal eodor L. Tolbuk-
hin's Third Ukrainian Army troops
inside the limits of greater Vienna's
administrative district.
As the Russians surged toward the
capital and captured Vem, within
the boundaries of greater Vienna
decreed by Hitler, thehAustrian cap-
ital's radio went off the air just be-
fore midnight last night and did not
return.
Wiener Neustadt, one of the big-
gest aircraft production centers in all
Europe, is 22 miles south of Vienna.
Along with the bomb-torn city, tar-
get of scores of American heavy
bomber raids, the Russians captured
more than 100 other towns and vil-
lages within Vienna's southern de-
fense system.
Tolbukhin's troops outflanked the
famous sulphur spa of Baden, 10
miles south of Vienna; taking Trais-
kirchen and Moellersdorf, two and
three miles northeast, and within
nine miles south of the pre-war lim-
its of the capital.
CAMPUS EVENTS

Today President and Mrs. Ruth-
ven will be at home to
students this afternoon, 4
to 6 p. m.
Today La Sociedad Hispanica
will feature Professor Irv-
ing Leonard speaking on
"El Viaje de Sarmiento
por los Estadow Unidow"
at 8 p. 'm. in the Michi-
gan Union.
Today Mozart's "The Magic
Flute" will be introduced
for study under Mr. Het-
enyi at 7:30 p. m. in Lane

tance between New York and Balti
more.
Kassel Falls
Sixty miles northeast of Gotha,
other Third Army units battled vio-
lently' deep inside the great arsenal
city of Kassel, which one German
broadcast said had fallen in a mass
of flaming ruins.
Fifty miles southwest of Gotha,
Third Army troops captured the
Catholic shrine city of Fulda.
Monocled Major Surenders
In the south, a monocled German
major named Von Lambert, surren-
dered Aschaffenburg after publicly
hanging two of his officers who first
had suggested that he give up when
the Americans turned their big guns
on the blasted city six days ago.
Lt.-Gen. Alexander M. Patch's
Seventh Army troops also fought
their way into Wuerzburg, swept
around that city, and were less than
40 miles from Nuernberg.
Leaflets Showered
In the north, Lt.-Gen. Courtney
H. Hodges' First Army beat down
Nazis break-out attempts from the
Ruhr pocket as Allied planes show-
ered surrender leaflets on the troops,
estimated to number 110,00n0.
Gen. Eisenhower said the encircle-
ment of the Ruhr was a "magnificent
feat of arms"
Town Hall To
Debate on 18
Year Old Vote
Student Town Hall will open its
discussion meeting at 7:45 p. m. to-
morrow in Lane Hall lecture hall with
a debate of the basic issues involved
in the eighteen-year-old vote con-
troversy.
Sheldon Selesnick and Joyce Sie-
gan will present arguments in favor
of adopting an eighteen-year-old age
requirement for voting, while Betty
Lou Bidwell and Howard Cole are
scheduled to deliver negative argu-
ments.
Following the debate, there will be
an open and informal discussion per-
iod for all' interested students and
faculty membe,s.
The meeting is the second in a ser-
ies of three forums designed by its
co-chairmen, Martin Shapero and
John Condylis, for student partici-
pation in the discussion of topics per-
tinent to student affairs.
Town Hall's third meeting will.be
held on April 19. The subject for
this discussion will be announced
later.
rs. Hastings
To Be Buried
Services Will Be Held
Tomorrow Afternoon
Funeral services for Miss Lillian C.
Hastings, clerk of admission at the
University Hospital, will be held at
2 p.m. tomorrow at St. Andrew's
Church.
Miss Hastings, who had been em-
ployed at the hospital for 20 years,
died early yesterday morning after
an illness of three days. She was well
known to thousands of persons in
Michigan and other states through
her work with the many patients and
their families who were entering the
hospital.
Born in 1904, Miss Hastings at-
tended Ann Arbor public schools and
the University of Michigan and was
graduated from Fairfax Hall, Va.
The family has lived in Ann Arbor
since her father, the late Arch-
deacn A. W. Hastings, was appointed
to the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan
in 1914.

Engineers To Hear
Detroit Speaker
"The Disposal of Waste" will be
the topic.of a talk by T. E. Winkler,
of the Detroit Department of Public
Works at a joint meeting of the cam-
pus chapters of the American Society
of Mechanical Engineers and the
American Society of Chemical Engi-
neers at 7:30 p.m. today, Rm. 316,
the Union.
Winkler is a graduate of the Uni-
UvIr v

WHERE ALLIES STRIKE NORTH AS WELL AS EAST-Lifting the
news blackout on the British Second Army operations revealed that
troops of the unit have captured Rheine, reached Gronau, captured
Eschelde and have driven to Lengerich. American troops have encir-
cled Germans in the Ruhr and advanced eastward to the Eisenach area.
Farther south other Yanks drove toward Nuernburg. Shaded areas
are German-held.
SERVICEMAN SPECIAL:
Tickets for Army-Navy
evue To Go on Sale Today

Tickets for the Army-Navy Revue
to be held at 8 p. m. EWT (7 p.m.
CWT) Wednesday, April 11 in Hill
Auditorium will go on sale today at
Deadlinie Set
For Publications
Board Petitions
Petitions of those seeking a posi-
tion with the Board in Control of
Student Publications are due in the
Student Offices of the Michigan Un-
ion before 5 p. m. Friday.
Any person who satisfies University
eligibility standards may petition for
the office. The student chosen in the
all-campus election April 20 to fill
the Board vacancy will take office
immediately. He will serve for three
semesters.
Petitions may be picked up any day
this week at the Student Offices, open
from 3 to 5 p. in. daily. Qualified
Petitions must have at least 25 signa-
tures before they are returned.
All petitioners will be interviewed
by the Men's Judiciary Council next
week, and those whose qualifications
are most suited for work on the Board,
will be announced as candidates by
the Council, which is in charge of
the election.
The Board in Control acts as a
supervisory body over the policies of
The Daily and the Michiganensian,
and a liaison between the publica-
tions and the University Regents. It
alone appoints the senior editors of
both publications.
U' Adds 30
Men of Science
Since 1933
Thirty men who could be termed
distinguished scientists have been
added to the University faculty since
1033, a recent report on the publi-
cation "American Man of Science"
discloses.
In the midwest this total is match-
ed only by the University of Chicago.
In the entire nation it is surpassed
only by Harvard (50), California(41)
and Columbia (36), universities
which have much larger faculties
than that at Ann Arbor.
These figures are based solely on
the younger members of the faculty.
All the institutions usually have a
proportionate number of older men
st.ill aie. t fhe reprt Doints out.

the Union, League, local bookstores
and downtown Ann Arbor restaurants,
it was announced yesterday.
The Revue, first of its kind to be
held since the beginning of the war,
will feature acts by servicemen sta-
tioned on campus. Sanctioned by
the Army and Navy, the show is be-
ing sponsored by the Union, League
and Daily.
All proceeds will be offered to the
Army and Navy Relief Societies and
townspeople as well as students and
faculty are giving their support to
the show.
Late permission has been granted
both servicemen and coeds for the
show. Women who attend will be
permitted to remain out until 11
o'clock according to Dean Alice C.
Lloyd and both Army and Navy men
have also received permission to stay
out until 11 p. m. the night of the
Revue.
Full particulars of the acts taking
part in the Army-Navy show will be
published in tomorrow's Daily,
Collere Travel
Will Copy Example
Of Organized Baseball
WASHINGTON, April 3.-(IP)- A
general plan for "localized" travel
conservation by colleges has been
submitted to the Office of Defense
Transportation by Asa Bushnell,
spokesman for eastern schools.
Bushnell will confer with director
J. Monroe Johnson next week on the
plan to make it jibe with what base-
ball is doing, the ODT said. Organ-
ized baseball has voluntarily reduced
its travel an estimated 25 per cent.
One of the principal effects of cur-
tailment of travel by colleges will be
the transfer of games in all sports
from "neutral" to "home" fields.
The ODT pointed out that the pos-
sibility of its "localized" policy re-
maining in effect into the football
season is contingent upon the war
with Japan continuing that long.
Vinson Reports
Planes Released
WASHINGTON, April 3.-()P)-Be-
ginning Friday you can buy a trainer
plane from the government at a fixed
price, each plane with a price tag.

Roosevelt Will
Not Request
Three Votes
Forner Conference
Policy Reversed
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 3-President
Roosevelt, in a surprise turnabout,
has decided not to ask for three votes
for the United States in the world
assembly to be set up at San Fran-
cisco.
This reversal of the policy which
the President agreed upcn with Pre-
mier Stalin and Prime Minister
Churchill at Yalta was announced
today by the State Department.
Demands Separate Votes
No official explanation was forth-
coming, but the development strong-
ly indicated a hope on the President's
part that Stalin likewise would be
content with one vote.
The Russian leader has demanded
separate votes for the Ukrainian So-
viet and the White Russian Soviet in
addition to one for the rest of Rus-
sia.
The assembly in which these votes
would be cast would be one part of a
world organization to be proposed at
San Francisco.
Does Not Alter Promise
Secretary of State Stettinius, an-
nouncing Mr. Roosevelt's decision at
a news conference crowded by 100
reporters, said that it did not alter
the President's promise of support
for Stalin's claim for three seats if
the claim actually is made to the San
Francisco meeting.
There was no doubt, however, that
the whole idea of multiple voting,
which has been involved in terrific
controversy since the Roosevelt-Sta-
lin deal was announced last week, had
been dealt a heavy blow by the an-
nouncement.
Moreover, there was still an open
question whether the American dele-
gation, of which Senator Vanden-
berg (Rep., Mich.) is a member,
would agree to support Mr. Roose-
velt's promise to Stalin. Stettinius
declined to discuss the delegation's
attitude but Vandenberg has made
known his opposition to multiple vot-
ing.
Clark's Army
Drives up Po
River Valley
ROME, April 3-(,')-Eighth Army
Troops, striking behind German lines
at the extreme eastern end of the
Italian front, drove up the narrow
finger of land between the Adriatic
and the Po Di Primaro River yester-
day and captured more than 200
enemy troops.
Landings on the eastern shore of
the Valli Di Comacchio lagoon made
up one phase of the action, Allied
Headquarters announced today.
While described only as a "suc-
cessful local operation," the action
was the most aggressive undertaken
on this front since the U. S. Tenth
Mountain Division seized Monte Bel-
vedere and made an eight-mile ad-
vance in the central sector last
month.
On the Fifth Army front, where
the long stalemate has heightened
tension on both sides, the Germans
in recent nights have been firing
many flares-apparently looking for.
the start of the action promised by
Gen. Mark W. Clark.
Whatever happens in their home-
land, it seems obvious that in Italy
the Germans plan to stand and fight.

Americans Must
Tighten Belts
WASHINGTON, April 3 - (IP) -
"Serious shortages" of Allied food are
growing larger as the victory road
to Berlin grows shorter, a War Food
Administration official testified today.
American civilians will have to eat
still less, if even the minimum lend-
lease and relief needs are met, chair-
man R. W. Olmstead of WFA's Food
Allocations committee told the Sen-
ate Agriculture committee.
Olmstead testified as the War De-
partment told of increasing military
V.nAAn, f'nr.fnnri.A 1,a A rmxr xx n , .Af

For MAP See Page 2
By The Associated Press
Only negligible opposition by the
Japanese on vital Okinawa Island
was reported by Fleet Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz late Tuesday as marines
and doughboys gained in all sectors,
while far to the south Gen. Douglas
MacArthur sent American soldiers to
the very doorstep of British North
Borneo.
These developments, together with
a heavy three-way Superfortress

Yanks Gain onAllFronts
Against Weak Jap Forces
American Soldiers Reach Doorstep of
British North Borneo in Smashing Drive

v

COMMANDS NEW ARMY--Lt.
" Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.,
(above) commands the new U. S.
10th Army which made amphibious
landings on Okinawa Island, an-
nounced April 1.
ies in the Tokyo area, were the high-
lights of the fast-moving Pacific
war.
Leathernecks Advance
Admiral Nimitz said the marines
and soldiers on Okinawa, only 325
miles south of the Japanese home-
land, made rapid gains along all
parts of the line reaching from east
to west coasts of the island. The
leathernecks advanced from 4,000 to
6,000 yards to reach the east coast
and cut off the Katchin Peninsula.
Doughboys of the Seventh Infantry,
Annourncements
Sold at U. Hall
Only Opportunity for*
1945 Senior Orders
Printed announcements for the
graduation of the Class of 1945 may
be ordered between 2 and 5 p. m.
Friday through Thursday, April 12
in the main, corridor of University
Hall.
This will be the only opportunity
for seniors in all schools, graduating
in June to order their announce-
ments. No announcements will be
sold through local bookstores,.as has
been the practice in former years.
Seniors in the College of Literature,
Science and the Arts must have paid
their class dues before they will be
allowed to order announcements. Any
who have not paid dues may do so
at the same time they place their
order.
All seniors must present their iden-
tification cards when ordering an-
nouncements. Announcements may
be paidforeither when they are or-
dered or when they are received by
the student.
Dr. Lewis Talks
Ott Pharmacy
Club Hears Lecture
On Patent Medicines
"Pharmacy in Michigan, 100 Years
Ago and Today" was the topic of a
talk before the Prescott Club yester-

already on the east coast, struck
southward to Kuba -town.
Japanese opposition was almost
blow against a trio of industrial cit-
nil. American naval guns continued
to support ground forces.
Carrier aircraft and the guns of
warships brought down 11 Japanese
planes over Okinawa.
U.S. Losses
Radio Tokyo claimed that Japan's
Okinawa army continued fierce in-
terceptive battling and that 13 addi-
tional American warships were sunk
and 17 damaged by Nippon airmen.
The American front in the south-
ern Philippines was pushed 200 miles
southwest to within 30 miles of oil
and rubber rich British North Bor-
neo when Yank forces invaded the
southwestern tip of the Sulu Archi-
pelago at Tawitawi.
Troops of America's 41st Division,
Eighth Army, taking off from Zam-
boanga on southwestern Mindanao,
made the 200-mile amphibious jump
to occupy the great Tawitawi Har-
bor that formerly served the Japan-
ese as their naval base for southwest
Pacific operations. American losses
were small.
Aerial Bombardments
After two weeks of saturation aer-
ial bombardments in the Tawitawi
region, the troops moved in under
the fire of Yank naval guns and the-
bombs of aircraft. With the aid of
guerrillas the islands of Sangassang,
and Bongao and neighboring air-
fields were seized.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur said the
operation "seriously jeopardizes the
enemy's main position in the Sulu
Archipelago at Jolo, capital city of
the Moros.
On the newly invaded Bicol penin-
sula of southeast Luzon, American
doughbys gained 22 miles northwest
from the Port of Legaspi. Northwest
of the peninsula other forces occi-
pied San Pablo, the Laguna provin-
cial capital. These two forces have
virtually trapped all Japanese troops
on the peninsula.
Pillboxes Destroyed
Troops of the U.S. 40th Division
were on the southern edge of the
Silay airfield on Negros Island Fif-
ty-eight Japanese pillboxes ani em-
placements were destroyed on Cebu
Island.
American bombers from the Phil-
ippines struck three, airdromes on
Formosa's east coast and blasted
other targets there. Other planes
bombed blockade runners on the
'China Sea.
Australian troops on southern Bou-
gainville were aided by tanks in
beating back a two-day Japanese
attack east of the Puriata River.
Fortresses in Action
The triple Superfortress blow a-
gainst three cities in the Tkyo re-
gion was reported by the 21st Bomb-
er Command at Guam. A "very large
force" of the sky giants-300 or more
-split into three formations over
Honshu and made pre-dawn low-
level demolition attacks on indus-
trial targets at Shizuoka, 85 miles
south of Tokyo, and Tachikawa and
Koizumi, 20 miles west and north of
the capital.
'Paradise Lost'
Is Subject of
Talk by Jones
A true epic of America is presented
in "Paradise Lost," Prof. Charles
W. Jones of the English department
of Cornell University said in a lec-
ture at 4:15 p. m. yesterday, in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
Discussing Milton and American
Liberty, Dr. Jones said that Milton's
vision of liberty became substantially
that of America especially on the
frontiers and the western reserve, but
that we need to compare the Miltonic
vision with views that look better.
Milton, he said, emphasized liberty
as individual and solitary, "He is

unique, responsible only to his God."
To Milton, he continued, liberty and
democracy were not the same and
neither were liberty and freedom
synonymous.
Dr. Jones asserted that we have de-
stroyed some of the Miltonic liberty in

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan