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April 03, 1945 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-03

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.. .. _... _ .... _..- - _ . ._-I z_ _ A N A I _Y

UNRRA Kept Out of Albania


Professors .


WASHINGTON-For months the Albanian
radio has been broadcasting daily appeals
to the outside world for food, clothing and medi-
cal supplies. But although UNRRA is supposed
to care for the war-torn countries, and although
Albania has suffered more than most, UNRRA
still has been unable to enter Albania.
Backstage reason, according to UNRRA of-
ficials, is that the British want to send 1,200
British Army officers into Albania to super-
vise UNRRA relief for UNRRA.
This, in turn, horrifies the Albanians. A total
of 1,200 British officers in tiny Albania could
mean a throttle-hold on the country, if they
wanted to exercise it. And knowing all too vivid-
ly what happened when Great Britain went into
neighboring Greece, the Albanians refuse to
admit the British military.
Faced with starvation or military domination,
they have chosen starvation.
The British proposal to send 1,200 officers
into Albania is based upon an agreement that
whenever a country is liberated, relief sup-
plies must be the responsibility of the Allied
military for the first six months and UNRRA
must work under the military.
However, Albania was never occupied by any
Allied army. Neither British nor U. S. troops
entered it. But now that the Nazis have been
completely chased out, the British want to come
in under the excuse of administering UNRRA
The Albanians see no excuse for trading one
set of foreign troops for another.
Note-The British also demanded of Tito
that they send more than a thousand British
officers to handle UNRRA relief inside Yugo-
slavia, but Tito refused. Finally Russia backed
him up and Tito got his UNRRA relief without
British troops-only 40 UNRRA workers and
60 British workers. UNRRA officials are hoping
that the British will make some similar com-
promise in regard to Albania.
.Byrnes and Battleships.
SECRETARY of the Navy Forrestal was irked
when War Mobilizer ,Byrnes chopped 72
warships off the Navy's program, but the ad-
mirals were not merely irked. They were fight-
ing mad--especially Admiral Ernie King.
Byrnes had found out that the Navy was
planning these ships for post-war, not this war.
He knew their construction would take away
valuable steel from the Army and other stra-
tegic uses.
For instance, the tractor and farm-machin-
ery program is scheduled for a cut of about
40 per cent because the Army claims it is al-
ready short of steel. This, despite the desper-
ate need of producing more food. So Byrnes
figured the post-war ships could wait until
after the war, since they won't be finished for
two years or so anyway. Also he figured that
it was perhaps the job of Congress-not the
admirals-to decide how big the post-war
Navy should be.
All of which nearly broke the heart of Ad-
miral King. He had been talking for months
of starting now to build a post-war Navy; also
had Peen indiscreet regarding the country-
now an ally-against which those ships might
be used. Maybe this also got back to Byrnes.
Circus Goes to Jail.. ..
T HE CIRCUS stopped in Washington to water
the animals the other day on its regular
trip north. It stopped a little sorrowfully. There
was none of the blare and fanfare and bragga-
docio of the old days. It was going north to
open a new season and try to pay several million
dollars to the victims of the Hartford fire, after
which its vice-president, its manager, its can-
vassman, its seatman, and several others will
surrender in Hartford to go to jail.
These top executives looked visibly different
this year. Jim Haley, vice-president and di-
By Ray Dixon
NOW that sorority rushing is over, we thought
the campus would settle down to calm and
equanimity. But along comes the big time
change and all is confusion.

It seems that, in spite of Dewey's defeat, it's
time for a change of time.

rector, is a long slab-sided chap from Alabama,
who is called "Slim" and is thin anyway. Butt
now he has lost thirty pounds and is literally
wasting away.
Twenty years ago he came down to Sarasota,
Florida, from the Alabama sandhills without a
nickel in his pocket, educated himself, and slav-
ed his way up until he was appointed general
manager of the Ringling estate. It was his care-
ful handling which reduced the estate's debt to
the government from $4,000,000 to around $850,-
000. He even took over the Red Cross chairman-
ship, pulled the chapter out of debt, and made
it one of the first counties in the United States
to triple its quota for three straight years.
Slim Haley went int the circus as financial
manager at the request of the several factions
of the Ringling family, whose descendants
have been fighting each other. He never pre-
tended to be a circus man. He was a fiscal
agent. But he was in Hartford on the day
of the fatal fire, was arrested, and sentenced
to a maximum of five years in jail.
The seatman on the fatal day had set up the
seats exactly as he had before, day-in-andday-
out, for years. Also the canvasman. Then came
the fire, the tragic stampede, and scores of
children crushed,
Jim Haley and the other circus men go round
the lot with a haunted look, remembering that
day. They look as if they themselves were now
dying by inches. And after they get the circus
launched for the season they hope to pay sev-
eral millions in damages-they are going up to
Hartford-and jail.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) 0
Current Movies
At the Michigan .. .
HISCOLUMN hereby adds its signature to
the long line of enthusiastic compliments
being paid "A Song to Remember," Columbia's
biography of Frederick Chopin which is now
playing at theMichigan. The film will doubt-
less rank high on this year's entertainment rec-
Chopin, played by Cornel Wilde, is pres-
ented as a weak-willed genius who is torn all
his life between patriotism for his native Pol-
* and and his duty to his art as typified in his
love for George Sand. It may not closely ap-
proximate Chopin's actual life, but, after all,
Broadway has successfully presented fiction-
ized versions of the lives of Schubert and
Grieg without adverse criticism.
Paul Muni plays Chopin's teacher, Joseph Els-
ner, in the familiar manner which has hypno-
tized critics for many years. All he need do
is precede each line with a full half-minute of
anticapatory facial contortions, coughs and
grumbles, and it is immediately proclaimed art.
Merle Oberon, on the other hand, is a lady
I vastly admire. As Madame Sand she is prop-
erly selfish and brilliant and inordinately hand-
some in the lush color surroundings. Unlike
co-star Muni, when dialogue comes her way
she rips right into it without' several feet of
preliminary by-play.
With the performances of Miss Oberon and
Wilde, superlative renditions of Chopin's bet-
ter known works, a lavish re-creation of 19th
century Paris filmed in technicolor, "A Song to
Remember" would seem to hold something of
interest for even the most casual of movie-
At the State . .
State, is Hollywood's ump-teenth exposi-
tion of the pit-falls of wartime romance. Tread-
ing familiar ground, it strikes one as neither
better nor worse than its predecessors. You
could do much worse of an evening.
The film, from Warner Brothers, has some
extra interest because of its quartet of stars.
While Dennis Morgan is something of a familiar
figure, the remaining trio, Eleanor Parker, Dane
Clark and Faye Emerson, are all comparative
newcomers of whom much is expected in the
future. Therefore, some interest attaches to
seeing them in their nascent state.
Miss Parker, for example, is slated to play

the role of Mildred in the forth-coming re-I
make of Maugham's "Of Human Bondage."
In "The Very Thought of You" she emerges
as a photogenic personality with a fairly in-
teresting voice. Although she acquits herself
well enough in the case at hand, one wonders
how she will meet the precedent set by Bette
Davis in the Maugham role.
Clark, who was the lone high-spot in the very
dreary "Hollywood Canteen," performs a simi-
lar function for "The Very Thought of You."
He's an extremely amusing person and when
the right material comes his way he'll be one of
the screen's top comedians.
At the performance I attended, some mem-
bers of the audience, who I presumed to be
erstwhile Republicans, booed Miss Emerson
with great fervor in every scene in which she
appeared. Of course, that's American poli-
tics for you. By the same token, I shall abstain
from any critical appraisal of Miss Emerson's
performance since someone would inevitably
chalk it up to political bias.

THERE has been some doubt in my
mind as to whether a new col-
umn should simply appear one morn-
ing upon the editorial page, or whe-
ther suitable introductions should be
attempted in its behalf. In any case
the latter course of action could ful-
fill one of two functions: a iustifica-
tion for such bold thrusting of a new
effrontery upon The Daily's readers,
or an outlining of the columnist's
purpose in composing his semi-week-
ly gem e m
What is the purpose in writing a
column and allowing it to be printed?
To amuse the public? My only hum-
or is so unwitting that frequently it
proves embarrassing. To enlighten
the public? Such erudition I could
not pretend to. Obviously whatever
pctentialities may be lurking well-
hidden in The Treadmill lie well out-
side of these realms.
As its name indicates, The
Treadmill does not have great
hopes for achievement. All it can
do is point out things which every-f
one has known all the time andl
perhaps distort them or exaggerate
them or build upon them in the
hopes that some of their implica-
tions may become clearer.
To the achievement of this end I
welcome your criticism, hope for your
support, fear your censure, and forth-
with begin.
The French film, "Grand Illusion",
which was shown at Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theater last week-end, was one
of the most thoroughly impressive
movies which has been in Ann Arbor
fcr some time. It strikingly illus-
trates the fear that so threatens to
overwhelm our generation-the fear
of futility, that whatever we do, it
won't make any difference.
It is tragic and it is completely +
defeating-the grand illusion-the
hope that men keep on clinging to,<
no matter how vain, how hopeless,1
how without point or reason it1
seems. Men find themselves in an
intolerable position.- they hope1
and work solely to extricate them-
selves from it-but what difference
will it make whether they succeed
or fail? If they get out what will
they do? How can it possibly mat-
ter if they do one thing instead of
another after they get out, and
hew can it even matter if .they get
out at all? The grand illusion-
that it does matter. Futility they
are afraid even to glance at.

gain, it alone was the thing that
kept them going, the lamp that they
hurnished devotedly and which went
on existing, miraculously indestruc-
tiole throughout repeated smashings.
At the first prison camp the men
spend their nights digging a tunnel
leading outside of the 'area. "The
war will be over by the time you
finish it," one of them jokingly re-
marks. The other dismisses it with
a wave of his hand. "The grand illu-
sion!" he explains lightly. And four
days before the tunnel is to be fin-
ished they are moved to a nearly
..cape-proof fortress in the moun
tains, but the illusion remains intact.
The men have tried to dismiss
their sense of uselessness by pro-
ducing a show-a typical army
burlesque. There was no reason for
doing it beyond being a way to
spend their time. One of the men
devotes all his time to reading
Pindar. Is there any purpose in
this other than occupying his
time? For him it has fargreater
importance than that, but what
difference will it make to anyone
whether or not and how much he
knows about Pindar? The captain
clings to his aristocratic reserve
which holds him aloof from the
other men, he cherishes his white
gloves and his immaculate groom-
ing--symbols of the toppling social
structure wherein his importance
lay. But the proletarian officers,
Marechal and Rosenthal, spend
their time braiding a rope with
which to escape.
It is the intellectual and the aris-
tocrat who are the victims, and they
are fully aware of it. The intellectual
retreats into the best escape he has
found; the aristocrat, recognizing the
meaninglessness of his existence, sac-
rifices it for those who think that
escape really matters. The two vic-
tims know the emptiness of the illu-
sion and are defeated by its futility,
but the other two, seeing only that
they are prisoners and therefore that
they must escape, are oblivious to all
The very continuation of their
lives is part of the grand illusion.
In fact ycu have the feeling that
their very escape is really the
crowning joke which is played up-
on them, but they are the only
ones who do not realize that it is a
joke. They escape the prison, but
the only hint they get of the joke
is the continual question that they
have in their minds: what next?
what after we get back to France--
if we get back to France? And the
movie ends on the question with
which it began. The two men tramp
over the snowy Swiss Alps, pain-
fully making their way back to
France..- What for? The captain
and the Greek student knew: they
stayed behind.

On January 30, 1943, at the New
York annual meeting of the American
Council of Learned Societies, I, an
accredited delegate, presented a reso-
lution, suggesting that the Council
should in some statement to the ad-
ministrative officers and the faculties
of American colleges and universities
affirm the conviction that "in a
democracy the professors in univer-
sities and colleges should serve only
the public interest." In addition and
to this end the resolution proposed
that "all teachers in institutions of
higher learning be required to note
to their college officials their con-
tractual connections with corpora-
tions or private and even public utili-
ties." These connections should be
noted after teachers' names in some
readily accessible publication "so
that any pronouncements may be
judged by the public and the press
as to whether such pronouncements
emanate from a financial interest or
from an academic (unpaid) interest
in the public welfare." This resolu-
tion was fully given in Science, organ
of the American Association for the
Advancement of Science, May 7, 1943.
At the present time, when ad-
justed compensation for congress-
men is being actively pushed, it
seems fitting to propose that Unit-
ed States Senators and Represent-
atives also register their affiliations
with corporations. Naturally this
should also be extended to the
members of the many scientific
bureaus of the United States Gov-
ernment. Possibly even the secre-
taries and clerks of all government
employees should be put under
civil-service regulations, with the
possible exception .of a secretary
who had been a paid employee of a
congressman three months before
his nomination.
The immediate motivation of the
proposal was the public statement by
Secretary Harold Ickes that when he
requested aid from the National Aca-
demy of Sciences, to aid "small" busi-
ness, the Academy gave him only men
with such paid connections and their
advice coincided always with the de-
sires of the paid interest represented
by these "advisers."
It has been known, since the in-
vention of the National Electric
Light Association, that this single
corporation organization employed
some 1,500 professors to lecture or
write against public ownership of
utilities without revealing the pro-
fessorial paid interest. At present
probably five to ten thousand pro-
fessors have some such connection.
-Louis C. Karpinski





"Grand Illusion" is concerned with
a group of French officers who were
prisoners of Germany during the last
war. Despite the fact that the grand
illusion was shattered again and a-
India Politis
FIELD MARSHAL Lord Wavell, Vi-
ceroy and Governor-General of
India, was summoned to England re-
cently to discuss, Indian political
problems and the problems the con-
tingents of troops from Europe will
bring when they arrive in India after
the defeat of Germany.
The political question in India has
long. been a controversy over the
philosophies of self-rule and of im-
perialism. The Indian National Con-
gress Party proposed the formation
of a cabinet representing all phases
of opinion in Indian life during the
March, 1942 mission of Sir Stafford
Cripps. Members of the Party were
informed that such a move would
be "impractical in wartime".
It has been said that the National
Party is not representative of all
India, but it cannot be disputed that
it is the only nationally organized
party. True, the Moslem League and
the Indian princes do not espouse the
National Party's cause, but it would
seem that the form which the politi-
cal controversy is taking is nothing
but a "vicious circle". The divergent
groups won't get together. until they
are promised freedom, and the Brit-
ish won't grant freedom until the
Indian people achieve some sort of
If India is not to become ram-
pant, which she very well has a
right to do in the light of her for-
mer treatment, the western na-
tions of the world might heed the
advice offered by Krishnalal Shrid-
harani, Indian Nationalist, now at
Columbia University, in an article
in the March, 1945 issue of the
magazine, Asia. He suggests that
we support industry, stop playing
the ",master race role" and do our
best to develop personal and politi-
cal freedom for the peoples of In-
dia. -Anita Franz
KEEP N* * **



(Continued from Page 2)
made because of lack of facilities for
providing water to all gardens. Water
may be carried from the faucets in
cans and pails, but the use of hose is
All new gardeners and those who
failed last year to make their contri-
bution of one dollar toward the cost
of plowing must make this payment
before being assigned garden space.
Spanish Lecture: La Sociedad His-
panica will present the last lecture
in the annual series on Wednesday,
April 4, at 8 p.m. in the Michigan
Union. Professor Irving Leonard
will speak on "El Viaje de Sarmiento
por los Estados Unidos." Tickets for
the individual lecture will be on sale
at the door for those who do not hold
tickets for the series.
Academic Notices
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due April 7 in the Office of
the Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
The Five-Weeks' Grades for Navy
and Marine Trainees (other than
Engineers and Supply Corps) will be
due April 7. Department offices will
be provided with special cards anc,
the Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
The special short course in speeded
reading will meet in Rm. 4009 Uni-
versity High School Building, Tues-
days and Thursdays at 5. There is no
charge for this non-credit course
offered for college students who wish
to improve their reading ability.
Playwriting (Eng. 85 and 150):
Laboratory production of students'
one-act plays. Rehearsal schedule
week of April 2, fourth floor, Angell{
i Xa1 " WTrlnP~Dd O'E2 9nl. ~F T'heiy'rla~ R

A Geology 12 Bluebook will be giv-
en on Wednesday, April 4 at 9 a.m.
Students whose names begin A-F
will take the bluebook in Rm. 101
of the Economics Building; G-Z in
the Natural Science Auditorium,
Events Today
Alpha Phi Omega: There will be a
meeting at the Michigan Union to-
night at 7:30. All members and can-
didates are asked to attend. Those
candidates who have been chosen for
pledgeship this semester will be an-
All men who have been or are now
members of The Boy Scouts of Amer-
ica and who have not already turned
in their names as candidates for
membership are invited to attend.
Junior Research Club: The April
Meeting of the Junior Research Club
will be held tonight in the Amphi-
heater of the Horace H. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies at 7:30
Program : "The 17 Ketosteroids".
Gardner M. Riley, Dept. of Obstetrics
and Gynegology; "The Metabolism
)f Caffeine and Related Purines".
Oliver Buchanan, Dept. of Biological
Polonia Club: There will be a meet-
ing this evening at 7:30 at the Inter-
national Center. The evening's pro-
gram will include the singing of Pol-
ish melodies and folk songs. All stu-
Jents of Polish descent are invited
to attend.
U.S.Q.: There will be a meeting of
Regiment X at 7:30, at Harris Hall.
This meeting is compulsory.
Coming Events
The Philippine-Michigan Club will
present Mrs. Pilar Lim speaking on
"Asia Sees America's Vision", fol-
lowed by songs and folk-dancing by
members of the club, Wednesday,
April 4, 8:30, Hill Auditorium.



As we understand it
timing the students.
remember that when
o'clock class at seven

t, the University is two-
All you've got to do, is
you go to your eight
o'clock it's really eight

Some say the solution to the dilemna will be
to carry two watches. This will be all right
providing you can remember which wrist is
which wrist -and what watch is what watch.


Even more confusion will result if
pened to get the Central War Time
the Eastern War Time wrist.
*:* * *

you hap-
watch on

, t I

Personally, we know what we're going to
do - just listen to the Carrillon. When it
strikes eleven bells, we'll quickly bong the
nearest University official on the head for the
twelfth one and dash off to lunch.

* * * * * * * * * * *





By Crockett Johnson


I'll call Dormant andCompany andsay we're
unable at the moment to reach Mr. O'Malley.
And. as frrtheintejrestdueothbn dsh4 -,rnc..

Tell them the entire staff of
O'Malley Enterprises is making
everv effort to reach O'Malley.


Cepy.ighl, 1945, lb. Newspgp~ E , Ns k.

I am sorry, Mr. White. I
had to get rid of a pest



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