R Ec Ox 'III .M ICIGAN IIAILY
tL 1, arx:sY l ri S l; ;S45
Army Parachutes Out-Dated
Poll Indicates Approval
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-It has now been over a year
since this column exposed Army tardiness
in ordering the quick-release parachute, but un-
fortunately the old-fashioned triple-release har-
ness is still dragging some victims to death.
Latest tragedy was Lieut. Joseph H. Burton,
Jr. of Los Angeles, drowned in the Warwick Riv-
er, Virginia, after he was unable to unbuckle
his parachute. The body, when found last week,
showed that Lieutenant Burton had been able
to unfasten one buckle, but not the other two.
The parachute was wrapped around his legs
and had dragged him under the water.
The quick-release parachute features a lit-
tle metal box worn on the chest, permitting
the parachutist to get out of his harness
in ten seconds, instead of laboriously un-
fastening three buckles under the thighs and
over the shoulder. Though the army at first
denied statements in this column that quick-
releases are necessary, they have now been
ordered. But production has been slow, and
men on the home front are not yet sufficiently
Bretton Woods Veto . . .
DESPITE the overwhelming vote of the people
last November for international cooperation,
a majority of the House Banking and Currency
Committee is preparing to report unfavorably
on the Bretton Woods agreement-first test of
the willingness of Congress to participate in
There has been overwhelming support of
Bretton Woods from church, labor and busi-
ness groups, .but the 12 Republicans on the com-
mittee and two Democrats are ready to vote
against the agreement as it now stands. The
Democrats are Barry of New York and Baldwin
Lobbying against Bretton Woods has been
conducted by the top layer of the American
Bankers Association--which wants bankers
free to make both long and short-term, loans
abroad without any government control. The
attack has been leveled against the stabiliza-
tion fund, without which the international
bank would be largely futile.
The committee majority will probably not
vote against the entire agreement, voting in-
stead to tag on various amendments which will
necessitate another international conference.
Treasury and State Department officials are
doubtful if, once we have rejected the Bretton
Woods proposal, another agreement can be
Roosevelt and Al Smith ...
I T WAS THE LATE Al Smith who more than
anyone else persuaded Franklin Roosevelt,
then discouraged by his physical setback, to
run for governor of New York in 1928. The
race gave FDR his real start toward the presi-
dency. Later Smith was bitterly critical of
,Roosevelt's domestic issues, but with the war
they became more friendly. And when Al died
last October, Roosevelt paid him a great trib-
ute in his Boston speech.
Today a modern housing project is being
built near Oliver Street, the humble East Side
district where Al Smith was reared. And to
commemorate the man who came out of the
slums to be governor ,f New York, a committee
is raising money to build a plaza in the center
of the housing project. It will contain a
fountain and a plaque to the memory of
Alfred E. Smith.
When the fund-raising committee wrote Presi-
dent and Mrs. Roosevelt, asking for a contribu-
tion, a check for $10 came back from war-busy
Franklin Roosevelt with no letter; another check
for $10 from Eleanor Roosevelt with no letter.
From Tom Dewey came a check for $50 with
a beautiful letter.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
SOME CHANGE is bound to come over our poli-
tical climate after the war in Europe ends.
All our sense of the moment should be stirred
by what is now happening. First there will be
an elevation of the spirit; then, perhaps, a flat-
tening out, and a letdown. The isolationist dor-
mouse will stick his nose out, and sniff the new
air, and he will ask, perhaps, that our boys should
be sent home at once. That cry is standard poli-
tics after any war; it will not be neglected after
this one. If the isolationist dormouse meets
with a good reaction on that slogan, he will go
further, he will demand a new automobile and
the end of price control. Then he will count
every mouthful of food we send to Europe, and
he will be against sending any, because, after
all, the war there will be over.
Something tells me that the isolationist
to win it.
It will be
will take over the war against
his war, his particular and special
he will demand that we almost
turn our backs on Europe in order
The dormouse will also have many
to make about Britain and Russia.
safe to be nasty again.
AN ENTHUSIASTIC audience of encouraging
size turned out at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre last night to view the Art Cinema
League's second offering of the season, "Grand
Illusion." If I'm any judge of audiences, they
went away more than satisfied.
"Grand Illusion" is Jean Renoir's study of Ger-
man prison camps in the First World War. It
can be called a classic now in a much truer
sense than was possible in 1938, for upon hear-
ing the lines about "the grand illusion" you
suddenly come to realize that there is here an
actual timelessness. Aside from this timeless-
ness, which strikes one with curious force, there
of course remain the moments which impressed
you upon first viewing this film: the exchanges
between the professional soldiers, the prison
guard glibly explaining the architectural dates
of $he grim prison to Jean Gabin; the moment
at the play rehearsal when a soldier dons a
woman's dress and a blonde wig-all as impres-
sive and genuine as on first view.
Once again, you come to the conclusion
that here is a completely admirable film. For
those of my sophomore French accomplish-
ments, there are English captions to help out.
This occasion raises one's hope for the thriv-
ing future of the Art Cinema League, with
presentations of American, English and Rus-
sian films as well as French.
0 N SECON D
:ID YOU HEAR about the redskin student who
was told to outline a book and wrote an
With all of these optimistic predictions
roaming around the country, it seems that a
lot of people are developing a good sense of
The OPA is going to begin rationing leather
shoes for babies so it looks as though you are
going to have to do more than shake dice when
baby needs a new pair of shoes.
It will be a strange, twilight period, between
the end of the one war and the end of the other.
One seeks for indications as to what its spe-
cial quality will be, its feel, its smell. One
thing to guard against is a general feeling of
disappointment, an unexpectedly bitter taste.
We have made "the end of the war" a Cin-
derella symbol, shorthand for glory. But as
the smoke blows away, there will be Europe,
ruined; and its politicians bickering, and of
gratitude to us, not much sign. Europe, leaning
against its ruined walls, will not somehow feel
it has much to be grateful for. We shall look
at the mess, and there may be a tendency for
some to say, "What did we do it all for?" and
the remark may again seem profound, though
it will be infantile enough.
We shall be healthier if we can force our-
selves to understand that we face an un-
ending, more than lifelong task, of making
this a somewhat saner world; that sometimes
we have to use war as our method, and some-
times other methods, but the task goes on.
It has no end. The sensible among us have
promised ourselves nothing for after the war,
except a chance to fight for progress in a
less bloody way; but that is a good thing, too;
you don't get that for two cents and a wish.
The coming period will put a strain on our
unity; for Hitler will not be at his desk any
longer, working so hard to keep us together. It
will be polite to 6have private emotions again;
or perhaps we might say semi-private emotions,
for the war with Japan will still be on: The
earlier question, of who gets into the war first,
will be replaced by the later one, of who gets
our first; and there will be a kind of tension, a
cautious circling-about of commercial interests,
like wrestling bears; and this will take place
in a bleak sort of domestic atmosphere, as our
troops move across the country from Europe to
the Pacific, hello, good-bye.
Some men and machines will be set free to
follow their noses, and some will still have to
follow the leader. The way we behave in
peace and the way we behave in war will be
thrown into even more dramatic contrast than
usual, for we will be doing both, in effect, ?1r
the same time. We must watch out for a kind
of splintering, a tearing and rending as some
of us go to Europe to get business, and some
tell Europe to go to hell, and some go to
Japan to die. It may be messy.
There will be treaties to conclude in Europe,
while we fight in Asia, and if we botch the
partial peace, we may take the heart out of
the partial war. But we may no longer use the
easy emotions about national unity which we
have borrowed from the war; we must use our
own emotions about sticking together; what-
ever is in us, and whatever we've learned,
. comes out now. That is what the end of the
war in Europe will really mean; school's out;
we're on our own.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
By BERNARD ROSENBERG
THE DETROIT FREE PRESS op-
ines editorially that it would cre-
ate a sensation if Frank Lloyd Wright
said something sensible for a change.
It is true that Wright is a sort of
anarcho-pacifist, and so exceedingly
unpopular these days. But no one
of the hundreds who maintained a
hushed silence through Wright's ex-
tempore speech last week in Detroit's
Rackham Building (which he re-
ferred to as a mausoleum) could
doubt his ability to say significant
and sensible things.
Wright has strong, uncompromis-
ing views. He is an advocate of or-
ganic architecture which he has been
trying to explain for some fifty years.
Recently The Ladies' Home Journal
published his 479th expository article.
The basic idea in them all is that a
building should be made to serve our
needs in a functional way. Its pur-
pose is not external ornamentation.
Heretofore, Wright believes, men have
built from the outside, and concerned
themselves only incidentally with
how livable and comfortable a house
was within. Our architecture is an
accurate reflection of what ails West-
ern Man generally. We have been
interested in fripperies and have for-
gotten the interior character of a
contemplative life. This observation
represents the profoundest kind of
truth about our present state of mind
which sees us worshipping superficial
success and neglecting the spiritual-
ity of an inner life, of that "non-
attachment" philosophers used to dis-
cuss in a less materialistic age.
To Wright, architecture is by
definition "the structure of things."
It thus has to do with music, for
instance, or a system of econom-
ics. The principle of balance can
be applied everywhere so that man
will not continue to hang by his
eyebrows from skyhooks in asym-
metrical torment. By studying the
laws of nature and conditions as
they exist today without reference
to outmoded notions, an architec-
tonic basis can be set up for the
What a nation builds is what it is.
Suppose that some future archeolo-
gists were to dig up the America of
1945. Could there be any unique
monument of our times? Wright
thinks so, but he is in some doubt as
to whether it would be a water-
closet or a washbowl. Too much of
our architecture is still medieval (as
one stroll around this campus will
prove) and classical (look at Wash-
ington, D.C.) These types cannot be
dissociated from the monarchic ideas
which produced them. The big boys
in business, who do our building, are
not very different in make-up from
the Roman plutocrats who construc-
ted their villas in antiquity. Wright
thinks we need a free architecture
for a free people.
Most of the plans he has devised
for housing have been termed im-
practical because they call for
spreading out over larger than us-
ual areas of land. A goodly per-i
centage of people in this country
have been crowded into cramped
slum areas. With an equable dis-
tribution of land and a little plan-
ning, every American family could
live the full life from which so
many have been debarred. If we
all had one acre of land, the state
of Texas could not be filled. This
is a fact conveniently overlooked
by those who are more interested
in fighting for foreign markets
than in running our country as we
could. Urban housing, to begin
with-in Wright's opinion-needs
to be revolutionized, since it is at
present about as beneficial to civ-
ilization as static is to the radio.
Wright left a mid-Western, univer-
sity after three and a half years of
study. He never took a degree, and
he is posiby the most important
architect alive. He advises those who
1would fuilow in his steps, "Having
read the books, throw them away.
Go out and experiment. Learn by
your mistakes. I always did. Suc-
cesses have only blinded me. Get a
conviction about something and do
it. If everyone felt that way about
war, we would have none." This last
Gandhian statement I doubt. If ev-
eryone said to himself, I simply will
not bear arms, of coui;e there would
be no war, but conditions must be
changed radically before man can
bring hinself to say such a thing.
In the final analysis, there is no
donbting Wright when he main-
tains that any well-behaved slave
could obey the four freedoms. The
right of every man to lead his own
life is a good infinitely greater than
any our government has as yet
devised. Moreover, Frank Lloyd
Wright is a great man, and the
Free Press' deprecation of him
(EDITOR's NOTE: In connection with
the discussion of post-war compulsory
military training being considered in
The Daily this week, we are reprinting
the results of a .polltaken on this issue
Results of a scientifically designed
sampling of campus opinion, tabu-
lated last semester, indicate campus
approval of a post-war program of
compulsory national service training.
Campus opinion on a program of
compulsory training was divided as
For men only.........51.5 per cent
For men and women.. 17.0 per cent
Opposed to any service
program ..........30.5 per cent
Doubtful .............1 per cent
The second question which ask-
ed opinion on the type of training
to be given showed that 25 per
cent favored military training ex-
clusively; 71.5 per cent favored
military plus other kinds of train-
ing; and 3.5 per cent expressed
doubt as to the type of program.
The third question asked for opin-
ion on the type of control which a
compulsory service training should
have. It was found that 78.5 per
cent favored control by a joint board
representing Army and Navy, civil-
ian government, and educational au-
thorities; 16.5 per cent were for
Army and Navy control exclusively;
3 per cent said government control,
other than Army and Navy; and 2j
-per cent were doubtful. When ask-
ed, "What should be the relation of
such a program to the college and
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 108
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all men-
bers of the University. -Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m; of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
To the Members of the University
Senate: A special meeting of the
University Senate is called for Mon-
day, April 9th, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater for the pur-
pose of receiving and discussing the
report of the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee, "The Economic Status of
To the Members of the University
Council: It is planned to hold the
April meeting of the University Coun-
cil on Monday, April 16, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
For women students returning
from out-of-town on the night of
April first, Easter Sunday, the clos-
ing hour will be 12:30 a.m.
Identification Pictures are now
available in the booth outside of Rm.'
2, University Hall for students who
had pictures taken at Waterman
Gymnasium during registration for
the Spring Term.
Victory Gardens: Members of the
faculty and other University em-
ployees who desire space for a vic-
tory garden at the Botanical Gar-
dens should apply for it at once to
Mr. Roszel. Applications must be in
within a week.
Attention Pre-Medical Students:
The Medical Aptitude Test of the
Association of American Medical Col-
leges will be given at the University
of Michigan on April 13. The test
is a normal requirement for admis-
sion to practically all medical schools
and will not be repeated until next
spring. Anyone planning to enter a
medical school in the fall of 1945 or
in the spring of 1946 and who has
not previously taken the test must
write tle examination at this time.
Further information may be obtain-'
ed in Room 4 University Hall.
To the Members of the Faculty
College of Literature, Science and the
Arts: The April meeting of the Fac-
ulty of the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts for the academic
year 1944-45 will be held Monday,
April 2, 1945, at 4:10 p.m. in Rm.
1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various com-
mittees have been prepared in ad-
vance and are included with this call
to the meeting. They should be re-
tained in your files as part of the
minutes of the February meeting.
1. Consideration of the minutes of,
the meeting of March 5, 1945, (pp.
1161 and 1162) which were distribut-
?d by campus mail.
2. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee- Professor
E. S. Brown. b. University Council-
Professor D. L. Rich. No Report.
2. Executive Board of the Graduate
School-Professor K. K. Landes. d.
blanks will be furnished by camp
mail and are to be returned to De
Crawford's Office, Rm. 255, W. Er
Attention Engineering Facul
Five-week reports below C of
Navy and Marine students who a
not in the Prescribed Curriculu
also for those in Term 5 and 6 in t
Prescribed Curriculum, are to
turned in to Dean Emmons' Offi
Rm. 259, W. Eng. Bldg., not lat
than April 7. Report cards may
obtained from your department
A cadeic Notices
Physical Education for Wome
All classes will meet at the Womei
kthletic Building at the designat
.ours beginning the week on Mo
lay, April 2. Outdoor activities w
3egin on Wednesday, April 4,
f'hursday, April 5 according to t
A Geology 12 Bluebook will be gi
m on Wednesday, April 4 at 9 a.
students whose names begin A
vill take the bluebook in Rm. 1
f the Economics Building; G-Z
he Natural Science Auditorium.
Psychology 42: It will be necess
'or Dr. Zeigler to be out of town
lay and the lecture in Psychology
Psychology of the Abnormal)
zot be given.
English 32, Section 7 will not m
H. V. S. Ogd
Applicants for Combined Curri
fla: Application for admission to
ombined curriculum must be ma
)efore April :0 of the final p
>rofessional year. Application for
nay be obtained at 1220 Angell H
,nd should be filed with the Sec
ary of the Committees at that offi
University Lutheran Chap._-4
ANashtenaw, will have a speci
7riday Communion Service today
:30. The Rev. Alfred Scheips
oreach on the subject, "Bought w
Zion Lutheran Church: E. Wa
ngton at S. Fifth Ave. Commun
service on Good Friday noon at 1
ind Holy Communion Service at 7
.n the evening.
university careers of young people
involved?" 84 per cent of those polled
favored a choice of service within a
fixed age range, so that the program
would either precede or follow college
training, varying in individual cases.
Compulsory service at a fixed age,
regardless of educational status, was
favored by 13 per cent and 3 per cent
Some outstanding differences of
opinion were found in comparisons
of the vote between the sexes.
One of the most obvious differen-
ces was found between men. and
women on the subject of exclusive
Army and Navy control of the
program. Of the men, 25 per cent
favored Army and Navy control
while only 7 per cent of the women
were for that type of control. A
majority of the women, 89 per
cent, favored control by a joint
board representing Army and Navy,
civilian government and educa-
tional authorities while 71 per cent
of the men voted for this.
Another difference was found in
the opinion of men and women as to
whether women should be included
in the training program. Twenty-two
per cent of the women polled favored
training for men and women while
anly 11 per cent of the men were for
inclusion of both sexes in the pro-
gram. Thirty per cent of the m n
Toted for military training exclusiv ly
is compared with 18 per cent of e
women voting that way.
Coffee Hour: The Student Religi s
Association's weekly Coffee Hour 'll
aonor Professor and Mrs. Kenneth
. Hance in Lane Hall at 4 o'clock
,his afternoon. All members of the
student body are cordially invited to
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 4:30 p.m., in Rm. 319 West
Medical Building. "The Role of Cop-
per in Biological Reactions" will be
discussed. All interested are invited.
Luncheon-Discussion: The review
of Nehru's autobiography "Toward
Freedom" originally slated for last
week will be presented by Doris Muehl
Saturday at noon in Lane Hall. Those
anxious 'to attend should make res-
ervations for the luncheon by calling
S. troops are closing in on Frankfurt,
after all the bombing they'll probably
only an eenie wienie.
They want interest' On that
$100,000,000 loan I made!..
What about the interest on
O'Malley Debenture Bonds?
Call Mr. O'Malley back, please
-What?. . . You don't know his
By Crockett Johnson
O'Malley Enterprises, Inc.
Good morning ... You want