THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FORMER LIT DEAN:
Prof. E.H. Kraus Continues
Brilliant Scientific Career
By PAUL SISLIN
only part of an academic and sci-
entific career extending nearly half
a century was brought to a close at
the end of last term when Prof.
Edward H. Kraus retired from his
position as dean of the College of
Literature, Science and the Arts.
Although an academic career be-
gun in 1896 was closed With Dr.
Kraus' retirement, today the former
Literary College dean still retains his
office in the Natural Science Build-
ing where he is continuing research
in the fields of crystallography and
More than 40 years a member of
the University faculty, Dr. Kraus
today is concentrating on his "min-
eralogical pursuits" which took
second place when academic duties
became too pressing.
During his "first extended vaca-
tion" since joining the University
faculty, Dr. Kraus will undertake
some of the projects he has con-
sidered during his long years as an
investigator in the fields of mineral-
ogy and crystallography.
"Now that I am no longer bur-
dened with administrative work I
would like to continue research on
the hardness of the diamond," he
In his 40 years on the Michigan
campus, Dr. Kraus has seen some
sweeping changes in the scientific
"When I first arrived," he said,
"the Department of Mineralogy was
in the basement of Tappan Hall,
Be Guests at
Student programs for today, which
as Palm Sunday marks the beginning
of Holy Week, will feature guest
speakers at the various Guild meet-
A joint meeting of the Westminster
Guild and the Unitarian Student
Group will be held at 5 p.m. in the
Presbyterian Church when Rev.
Claude Williams, Detroit, will be the
guest speaker. Supper will follow the
"Strengthening the Religious Com-
munity" will be the subject of dis-
cussion at the Wesleyan Guild, with
Franklin H. Littell, director of Lane
Hall, as honored guest. Following
the 5 p.m. meeting will be the regu-
lar cost supper.
Congregational - Disciples Guild
will hold a supper and social hour at
5 p.m. today, and devotions will be
led by Dick Heaton. Dr. Leonard
Parr will give an interpretative read-
ing of "The Other One."
Members of the Lutheran Student
Association will have Rev. Fredrik
Schiotz of the Lutheran Student Ser-
vice Commission as their guest at a
5 p.m. supper and fellowship hour.
Walter Holmlund, children's con-
sultant for the Ann Arbor public
schools, has tendered his resigna-
tion, becoming effective at the end
of the present term.
Mr. Holmlund, who has served here
since 1938, will take up similar duties
in the Flint public schools under the
Mott Foundation. A graduate of the
University, he has studied at the De-
troit Children's Center, specializing in
case work and the problems of mal-
Japs Try Escape fron
Central Burma Battle
CACUTTA, March 24.-(I)-Pitch-
ed battles between hard-driving Brit-
ish armor and Japanese troops cau-
ght in the Myingyan-Meiktila-Man-
dalay triangle were reported today
as the enemy fought to escape from
the Department of Geology was in
what is now the Romance Lang-
uage Building. Botany, zoology
and forestry were located in South
"The Chemistry Building was not
constructed until 1909," he added,
"and the department was housed
where, economics and pharmacology
are now taught."
However, changes in the student
body weren't so sweeping, he revealed.
Dr. Kraus became dean of the Lit-
erary College in 1933, "when we were
still knee deep in the depression.
There were fewer students then and
when war broke out enrollment in
the University began to expand."
What changes has war made in
the average student?
"War has made students in gen-
eral more serious," he answered.
"Using the all-A records as an indi-
cation, despite decreased enrollment,
the all-A totals have shown a distinct
Marking systems have changed
too since I first came here," he
- - __________-
By The Asso(
NEW YORK, Ma
& Co., Inc., one of
est sugar brokerag
today that "there
world shortage of
eign allocations of
In a letter issued
firm said in some ir
refiners "are operat
a 50 per cent basis
ment demands, inc
"If there are ten
what amounts are
"then the people of
are entitled to knom
GIVE! to the
2enit I NEW RADIO STATION:
d in Manager Bra
hortage Probable Date
elated Press The new local raaio station, which
arch 24-Lamborn is owned and operated by the Wash-
the nation's larg- tenaw Broadcasting Co., will start
broadcasting about April 15 if the
e firms, asserted 230-footsteel transmitter tower ar-
is definitely a rives on Tuesday as scheduled, Ed-
sugar," and criti- ward F. Braughn, manager of the
handling of for- new station, stated yesterday.
the commodity. The tower is being built according
I to the trade the to FM specifications so that an FM
nstances our sugar station can be operated in 'conjunc-
ing on only about tion with this station after the war,
for United States Braughn said. An application for
ince for govern- the FM broadcasting is on file with
luding export." the FCC in Washington, he added.
tative plans as to All equipment except the tower,
to be allocated to according to Braughn, has been set
added the letter, up and all the key men on the staff
the United States have been working here for several
v about them now, weeks.
Because the station is not affiliated
with any network, Braughn said, the
RED CROSS programs will be largely of local in-
terest. "A.P. news service will facili-
tate the broadcasting of news every
hour on the hour. Good music will
also be featured with several specialty
shows including Campus Ballroom
which will be devoted to the latest
hit tunes. University programs will
be broadcast from 3:30 to 3:45 daily
from Morris Hall."
The station is associated with the
World Broadcasting System trans-
cription service, which according to
Braughn, "provides the finest trans-
criptions, which are made under such
suitable conditions that the record-
ings are better than live talent would
Studios and offices will be opened
in Ypsilanti in addition to those now
in the Hutzel Building. The station
is licensed to serve all Washtenaw
County and the engineer in Wash-
ington estimates that its range will
be about 40 miles of Ann Arbor.
(Continued from Page 1)
1. Murphy, recently returned from
Europe, disclosed that the Allied mili-
tary government in Germany "is en-
couraging the trade unions to organ-
"The two most important aspects
of the long range treatment of Ger-
many," he declared, "are the re-
education of the Germans and the
reestablishment of the rights of lab-
2. Hitler and other Axis leaders
will be punished for their war
crimes, as well as their henchmen
who actually carry out atrocities.
3. Germans will be punished for
crimes against their compatriots, in-
cluding German Jews and anti-Nazis.
4. No important Nazis have escap-
ed to neutral countries yet, so far as
the department knows, but it "is not
entirely satisfied" with assurances
5. "It will be necessary to keep
Germany under control for a great
many years," Dunn declared but it
remains unclear how long actual
military occupation will be needed.
6. Dunn said "Austria wold not
be combined with Germany in any
way, within the forseeable future."
7. The Allies will have to super-
vise reeducation of Germany. "We'll
have to find or train Germans to do
the main job," Dunn said.
DAILY OFFICIA II
(Continued from Page 4)
Post-War Council this Wednesday,
March 28. The meeting will be held
in Rm. 31820 of the Union at 7:30.
There will be a Phi Lambda Upsilon
meeting in the Chemistry Building,
Rm. 303, on Thursday, March 29, at
4:30 p.m. All members are urged to
come. Refreshments will be served.
/ r Op~p p j Y
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trees, in the blossominc
Even without the calei
/ weather news ... you
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PROF. EDWARD KRAUS
. . . former dean
said. "In 1904 grades consisted of
'passed', 'not passed' or 'condi-
tioned'. The present system of
grading was introduced about 1912
to conform with systems else-
where., I've always considered the
marking system an incentive to
better scholarship," he added.
Dr. Kraus first came to the Uni-
versity in 1904 to become assistant
professor of mineralogy. His teach-
ing career began in 1896 at Syracuse
University where he received B.S.
and M.S. degrees in 1896 and 1897.
In 1901 Dr. Kraus received the de-
gree of Ph.D. at Munich. Syracuse
also awarded him two honorary de-
grees, Sc.D. in 1920 and LL.D. in
Appointment as dean of the Col-
lege of Pharmacy here in 1923 was
preceded by administrative experi-
ence as head of the summer session.
He left the College of Pharmacy in
1833, at the same time dropping
duties in the Summer Session, to
become head of the Literary College.
The author of about 75 papers on
crystallography and mineralogy, Dr.
Kraus has written either alone or
in collaboration with colleagues five
standard texts in the fields.
He was awarded the Roebling
Medal, highest mineralogical hon-
or, Feb. 20, at a meeting of the
Mineralogical Society of America,
in recognition for his meritorious
achievement in the field. Dr. Kraus
was one of a group of six men who
founded the Society in 1916 and
was the fifth recipient of the-medal
named for Col. W. A. Roebling,
outstanding mineralogist and buil-
der of the Brooklyn Bridge.
On May 17 Dr. Kraus will deliver
the annual Henry Russell Lecture,
an honor awarded for outstanding
work in research to University fac-
ulty members above the rank of
g hand of nature in each
of g rass,
in the budding
g of the first small flowers.
?ndar, the almanac or the
ican tell it's Spring.,
// ., /
Because you've already seen the first signs
of Spring in our Springtime fashions. They
have captured all the color, beauty, youth.
and romance associated with Springtime
itself. Step into GOODYEAR'S these first
days of Spring . . and learn about Spring-
ti me f rom us!
Want to see the color of Sprint?
See our new Whispering Colors
Want to know the ige of Spring?
It takes so little time, and it naans
so much to your friends in the
service and the folks at home.
Choose tomorrow from our coin-
plete collection of Easter greet -
See our new Young
Want to speak the langt
See our new Roma
W antto hear the melod!
See our new Costu
Want to get in the mood
See the new Capri
uage of Spring?
V of Spring?
I of Spring?
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