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March 20, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-20

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TIE MIChIGAN DAILY

&I'P 3tr4igzrn aitj

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Pacic StrategyDiscussed'
orzdteicesvihu vnhaigfo

CAMPUS FORUM ON 18-YEAR-OLD VOTE
Extension of Franchise Discussed

Fifty-Fifth Year

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31l

- -~~~e r. .. ...

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon .
Paul Sislin
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee .

. . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . . . .City Editor
Associate Editor
* * .Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
Business Staff
. . Business Manager
. . . Associate Business Mgr.
* . . Associate Business Mgr.

Telephone 23-24-1

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for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
NIGHT EDITOR: RAY SHINN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
- 4
Student Town Hall
STUDENT TOWN HALL, new all-campus pro-
ject, promises vigorous discussion on matters
of current student interest.
Such issues as post-war compulsory mili-
tary training and the 18-year-old vote, which,
are scheduled for discussion, are the immedi-
ate concern of the student body. We belong
to the age group which will be affected by the
proposals and what we think about them is
important-important because if we are to
have a hand in making the decisions, we
must formulate opinions.
The need for being well-informed in this dy-
namic age has been called to our attention
innumerable times, but nothing so forcibly
brings it home to us as the turn of recent
events.
A recent Daily poll revealed that this campus
was overwhelmingly in favor of compulsory
military training. Why? What do students
think about it? What are their arguments?
The 18-year old vote has again come to the
fore with the State legislature considering it
and listening to a body from this campus. Here
is an opportunity to decide if you are for or
against it and why.
Student Town Hall presents a- sounding board
for these questions and permits the voicing of
all shades of opinion.
The emphasis in this new group has been
placed directly on student participation; its
success depends on campus support.
-Betty Roth

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Great Britain's newest mem-
ber on the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs
of Staff, Field Marshal Sir Henry Maitland Wil-
son, had a private chat with Washington friends
recently in which he gave the tip-off to Russia's
interest in the war against Japan.
Wilson told his friends about the backstage
talks which American, British and Russian
staff officers had at Yalta while Churchill,
Roosevelt and Stalin were talking of political
matters, and remarked that the Russians
had not understood the importance of the
campaign in Burma until it had been discussed
at Yalta. He said that the Russians were
never aware that the Japanese had planned
to invade India through Burma and that it
was necessary to free Burma to keep China
in the war as a communications and supply
link.
Actually, this was the first confirmation by
any high Allied officer that Pacific strategy
had been discussed at Yalta. Previously, Roose-
velt, Byrnes and Churchill all said the subject
was not discussed.
Field Marshal Wilson made several other sig-
nificant points. He admitted, among other
things, that the campaign in Italy had been one
big headache after another. However, Wilson
pointed out that the invasion of Italy had clear-
ed the Nazis out of the Mediterranean, had also
gone a long way to build up United Nations
morale more than a year before the liberation of
France
Nazis Kept Busy
WILSON, who was former British commander
in the Mediterranean, also disclosed that a
total of 50 Nazi divisions were kept busy by the
early fighting of the Allies in Italy and by Tito's
partisans in Yugoslavia.
Wilson also disclosed for the first time the
troubles. Britain had in trying to deal with
General Mikhailovitch, the right-wing Serb
leader who was dumped by the Allies in favor
of leftist Tito. Wilson told how he had per-
sonally commanded Mikhailovitch to bomb the
Salonika-Belgrade railroad to prevent a Nazi
retreat, but that Mikhailovitch had refused.
Mikhailovitch even tried to prevent the rescue
of Allied fliers downed in Yugoslavia and they
were only brought out with the aid of General
Eaker's air force and special American OSS
men. Wilson revealed.
The British Field Mashal defended himself
against the charges that he was responsible
for the low bread rations in liberated Italy, ex-
plaining that the British were the first to pro-
test the low ration in Italy and that he personally
had written Washington asking that the 200-
gram rations for dock workers be increased.
Wilson even stated that he had personally auth-
muSIc
LAST NIGHT, Desire Defauw and the Chicago
Symphony Orchestra terminated the Sixty-
Sixth Annual Choral Union Series. The pro-
gram, though rather unimpressive, offered the
listener an opportunity to hear selections that
are seldom performed.
Unfortunately, the Chicago Symphony has not
upheld the standard attained by the late Fred
erick Stock. Due to absence of the former qual-
ity, one is uncomfortably conscious of the orche-
stra's quantity. The lack of balance appears to
be the most obvious defect.
It is not often that the music lover has a
chance to become acquainted with the works
of the 18th century French composer, Gretry.
The Ballet Suite from "Cephale et Procris"
produced a refreshing and delightful sensa-
tion. However, the orchestra might have been
cut down to half its size in order to effect a
more favorable result. Heavy orchestration
is anything but indicative of the 18th century's
delicate ballet music. The performance of
Respighi's Suite for "Small Orchestra" was
obviously guilty of the identical musical crime.
Rameau's "Hen" reminded one more of a
hyena than a hen. Especially in this group
one sensed the unbalanced sections.

The orchestra seemed to feel more at ease in
the Romantic idiom. Although Glazoun6w's
Symphonic Poem, Stenka Razine, is not one of
the composer's best compositions, the charac-
teristic Russian themes gave the strings a
chance to display their talents.
Chausson's Symphony in B-Flat 'Major,
highly characteristic of Franck, lent iself
well to the powers of the huge orchestra.
The broad themes of the movements were
carried rather competently by the string sec-
tion. The highlight of the symphony rested
in the sweeping themes of the second move-
ment..
The first tlhree selections from Berliog's "Dam-
nation of Faust," except for a few messy spots,
were satisfying. But the celebrated Rakoczy
March contained too much -brass and too little
spirit.
Even thebeautiful Air for the G-string failed
to achieve poetic perfection. The second en-
core, the march, Hands Across The Sea, con-
cluded the concert.
--Kay Engel

orized the increase without even hearing from
Washington.
Russians Kept Hands Off ?
THROUGHOUT his talk, Field Marshal Wil-
son consistently maintained the Russians
had not interfered either in Yugoslavia or
Greece, but had "played it straight" all the
way through.
One important omission Wilson made, how-
ever, was a hushed-up incident which took
place in Italy last June 26th when a Red
Army military mission statione at a British-
controlled military field at Bari, took off
without permission, flew straight to a secret
airfield in Greece, landing at EAM head-
quarters there.
This was the first Russian mission to land in
Greece before its liberation from the Nazis.
A flabbergasted British junior officer was at
the airport when the mission landed. The
Russians conducted a systematic study of the
entire EAM organization, mhen left to report
to Moscow.
Significantly, members of this mission later
returned to Greece as formal Russian diplomatic
attaches, have become increasingly leary of
the way Britain has run the Greek show.
The first direct warning the British received
of incipient Russian criticism came right after
the Yalta cnference, when the Moscow radio
leveled a blast at the "Quisling prime mini-
sters (of Greece) chosen to combat Commu-
nism." This was considered a direct slap at
the British.
Capitol Chaff ..
ENATE veterans did quite a bit of eyebrow
arching the other day when a messenger de-
livered a case of rare Scotch whisky to Judi-
ciary Committee Chairman Pat McCarran's of-
fice . . . OWI got every major newspaper and
wire service on a single conference telephone line
the other night, had many an editor preparing for
a momentous news break, then gave them a story
about the cost of textiles which was not for re-
lease until two days later. . . . Vice-President
Truman is unhappy that his new job brings
him so much into the public spotlight. . . .
Every time Truman opens his mouth or sits
down to play the piano, it's news. . . . Tru-
man's military aide, Col. H. H. Vaughan, tried
frantically to stop publication of a cheese-cake
picture showing movie actress Lauren Bacall
flashing her limbs on top of a Press Club piano
with the Vice-President strumming the key-
board below. . . . Governor Ellis Arnall of
Georgia is the only chief executive of a state
who can talk the deaf and dumb language fluent-
ly. Arnall was brought up with two deaf boys
as neighbors, has become the hero of physic-
ally handicapped people all over the country.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate)-
Current M'ovies
By BARRIE WATERS
At the icgan . .
MOSS HART'S "Winged Victory" has reached
the screen and is on view at the Michigan.
The film has been fortunate in having director
George Cukor at the helm. His excellent handl-
ing has made the film the enjoyable event it is.
True, there still remain such scenes from the
stageplay as the one in which "Silent Night" is
interrupted by an air raid, probably the most
desperately contrived bit of pathos since Eliza
crossed the ice. But when it gets down to de-
tailing the training of the pilots it becomes ex-
tremely interesting and adopts a documentary
quality which is highly effective.
The gentlemen in the cast, recruiting from the
Air Corps, are all uncommonly photogenic and
have such dazzling smiles that you frequently
get the impression that you are looking at an
animated toothpaste ad. The ladies, portraying
everything from a 'farm-girl to a Brooklyn
housewife; are similarly endowed. All this pul-
chritude would be fine in a Fox musical, but
when it's representing average American youth,
it strikes the wrong note.
As a friend of mine remarked after seeing
it, "I still can't decide whether they were wear-

ing white uniforms with blue halos under red
spotlights . , . or blue uniforms with rede
halos under white spotlights."
At the State .
THE STATE'S "Bride By Mistake" is an exam-
ple of a lot of very attractive people with
nothing much to do. Since they are also a tal-
ented lot, they make nothing more interesting
than most, and The Bride squeezes by as an
adequate evening's entertainment.
It's another one about the poor little rich girl,
Loraine Day, who fears suitor Alan Marshall
loves her money more than her sterling femi-
nine qualities. She puts him to a test with com-
plicated results. The script isn't a particularly
brilliant one although it contains an hilarious
bridge game which is worthy of a much more
pretentious picture. It also dabbles in slapstick,
the high point occuring when Miss Day and
company become involved with a gushy sprinkl-
ing system.

EDITOR'S NOTE: In an effort to inter-
est the student body in pertinent politi-
cal and social questions and to provide
opportunity for discussion of these ques-
tions, The Daily is co-operating with var-
ious campus groups in presenting each
week pro and con views on topics being
studied by those groups. The discussion
on this page will be opened by an analy-
sis of the question by an interested and
qualified member of the faculty. A pro
and con student discussion will appear
the following day, accompanied by edit-
orials written by members of The Daily
staff.
Throughout each discussion, students
and faculty members are urged to write
letters to the editor expressing opinions
either for or against the proposal under
discussion. Letters should be limited to
300 words and must be signed with the
name and address of the writer.
Student groups interested in cooper-
ating with this program should make ar-
rangements with the Managing Editor.
The issue under special consideration
this week is the 18-year-old vote.
TN CONSIDERING the issue of the
18-year-old vote, we can advance
several reasons for the lowering of
the legal voting age to include this
group of our population. At this
time, due to pressures created by the
war, we find many people expressing
the belief that: " . . . If they're old
enough to fight, they're old enough
to vote." This reason may not be
firmly based on fact but it is an ex-
pression of the times and it seems
logical that the 18 to 21 age group
which forms approximately 22 per
cent-of our armed force, should have
the right to vote.
The trend of society in peace-
time is toward suppressing youth's

opportunities and delaying matur-
ity and its accompanying responsi-
bilities. But in wartime the trend
is toward rapid maturation and an
intensification of responsibility for
all age groups. While this attitude
exists during the war it would seem
advantageous to effect the passage
of an 18-year-old vote bill so that
it could continue into peacetime as
a corrective for the tendency which
delays the acceptance of mature
obligations and rights for the
youth of the nation.
A very important reason fq the
passage of the bill under discussion
can be found in population statistics
which indicate that our population is
growing older. Our country is in the
state described by Warren Thompson
in his book Population Problems.
Any country which has been
increasing rapidly will have a far
larger proportion of its total popu-
lation in the older ages beginning two
or three decades after the increase
slackens." With an older population
a greater conservatism in national
policy is inevitable and a change in
the type and tempo of American liv-
ing could be expected within the com-
ing years. Lowering the voting age
to 18 would help offset this tendencyI
and to infuse new ideas into Amer-
ica's democratic processes. It would
result in a wider representation of
citizens actively affected and inter-
ested.
The ability of the 18 to 21 age

group to vote intelligently is often
questioned. That the capacity to
acquire intelligence is usualliy at
its peak around the age of 18 is,
however, genel#ally accepted by
psychologists.
But aside from the pure intelli-
gence factor the youths of this age
group are better acquainted with
problems of government, democratic
procedure and current events than
many adults. Civics, political sci-
ence, history and current events clas-
ses in high school make this possi-
ble. And today there is a greater
percentage of American youth at-
tending and grdduating from high
school than ever before in our histo-
ry. A survey taken in 1939-40 show-
ed that 75 per cent of all persons
between the ages of 14 and 18 were
enrolled in secondary schools. With
such great gains being made in edu-
cation it seems probable that as far
as training and capacity are con-
cerned, this group of 18-20-year-olds
will be far more competent than any
other group of people in the history
of the country.
The benefits of extending the
franchise to include the group from
18 to 21 would be seen in two ways.
First, the influence on the coun-
try and its policies would be felt
in terms of new ideas, progressive
attitudes and a liberal national
outlook.
-Dr. Howard Y. McClusky

ki

11

DAILY OFFICIAL

BULLETIN

.

VOL. LV, No. 99
TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1945
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
Notices
It seems necessary again to call
attention to the necessity for report-
ing every accident immediately on its
occurrence. One or two unfortunate
situations have arisen recently due
to the failure of somebody, whose
duty it was, to make such a report.
Reports should be made in accor-
dance with the following instruc-
tions:
Instructions for Reporting Acci-
dents: (1) Report All Accidents oc-
curring in line of duty involving any
person on the University payroll in
whatever capacity, whether medical
care is required or not. Accidents
should be reported in writing or by
telephone to the Business Office of
the University Hospital (Hospital ex-
tension 307). A supply of University,
of Michigan accident report forms
(No. 3011) will be furnished on
request by the Hospital Business
Office.
(2) Medical Care. Injuries requir-
ing medical care will be treated only
at the University Hospital. Employ-
ees receiving care elsewhere will be
responsible for the expense of such
treatment. Whenever possible a writ-
ten report of any accident should
accompany the employee to the In-
formation Desk on the Main Floor of
the University Hospital. This report
will be autheority for the Hospital to
render necessary medical care.
(3) Emergency Cases. Emergency
medical care will be given at the
Hospital without a written accident
report. Ambulance cases should be
taken directly to the Ambulance En-
trance, at the rear of the Main Build-
ing of the University Hospital. In all
such cases tile written accident report
should be forwarded as promptly as
possible to the Business Office of
the Hospital.
The so-called Workmen's Compen-
sation law is for the mutual protec-
tion of employer and employee. In
order to enjoy the privileges provided
by the law all industrial accidents
must be reported promptly to the
correct authorities. These reports
entitle each employee to compensa-
tion for loss of time and free medical
care as outlined in the law.
The Compensation Law covers any
industrial accident occurring while
an employee is engaged in the activi-
ties of his employment which results
in either a permanent or temporary
disability, or which might conceivably
develop into a permanent or tempor-
ary disability.
Further Information. If at any
time an employee wishes further
information regarding any compen-
sation case, he is urged to consult
either the Hospital Business Office or
the Office of the Chief Resident Phy-
sician at the Hospital, or the Bus-

iness Office of the University on the
Campus. Shirley W. Smith
Smoking in University Buildings:
Attention is called to the general
rule that smoking is prohibited in
University buildings except in pri-
vate offices and assigned smoking
rooms where precautions can be
taken and control exercised. This is
neither a mere arbitrary regulation
nor an attempt to meddle with any-
one's personal habits. It is estab-
lished and enforced solely with the
purpose of preventing fires. In the
past year eight of the total of 20
fires reported were caused by ciga-
rettes or lighted matches. To be
effective, the rule must necessarily
apply to bringing lighted tobacco into
or through University buildings and
to the lighting of cigars, cigarettes,
and pipes within buildings - includ-
ing such lighting just previous to
going outdoors. If the rule is to be
enforced at all its enforcement must
begin at the building entrance. Fur-
ther, it is impossible that the rule
should be enforced with one class of
persons if another class of persons
disregards it. It is a disagreeable
and thankless task to "enforce" al-
most any rule. This rule against tie
use of tobacco within buildings is
perhaps the most thankless and dif-
ficult of all, unless it shall have the
support of everyone concerned. An
appeal is made to all persons using
the University buildings-staff mem-
bers, students and others-to con-
tribute individual cooperation to this
effort to protect University buildings
against fires.
Please note especially that the al-
cove at the rear of the main corridor
in University Hall is not a smoking
room and should not be used as such.
This statement is inserted at the
request of the Conference of Deans.
Shirley W. Smith
To the Members of the University
Senate: A special meeting of the
University Senate is called for Mon-
day, April 9th, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater for the pur-
pose of receiving and discussing the
report of the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee, "The Economic Status of
the Faculty.
To the Members of the University
Council: It is planned to hold the
April meeting of the University Coun-
cil on Monday, April 16, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Identification Cards which have
been validated for the Spring Term
are now available in the booth out-
side Rm. 2, University Hall.
New identification cards will NOT
be ready for several days. Notice will
be given as soon as they may be
picked up.
American Red Cross War Fund:
If you have not been solicited in
regard to your contribution toward
the American Red Cross and wish to
make your pledge, please call at the
Cashier's Office, 104 South Wing,
and receive your membership card
and pin.
To Members of the Faculty, Staff
and Student Body: Attention is called
to the Lost and Found Department
of the Business Office, Rm. 1, Uni-
versity Hall. Inquiry concerning lost
articles should be made promptly at
the above mentioned office. Articles
found on the campus and in Univer-

A.A.U.P. Postponement: It has be-
come necessary to postpone the meet-
ing scheduled for Thursday, March
22, to Thursday, April 5. All other
arrangements remain unchanged.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcements for School Research
Supervisor IV, $360 to $420 per
month, Motor Vehicle License Branch
Manager A, $150 to $170, Motor Ve-
hicle License Branch Manager I, $180
to $220 per month, Graphic Presen-
tation Designer I, $230 to $270 per
month, have been received in our
office. For further information stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Appointments. -
State of Connecticut Civil Service
announcement for Psychiatric Social
Worker, salary $1800 to $2340 per
annum less maintenance, has been
received in our office. For further
information stop in at 201 Mason
Hall. Bureau of Appointments.
New Students wanting to register
with the Bureau, both teaching and
business divisions, should core to
the, office, 201 Mason Hall, for their
registration material Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday of this week.
This applies to those graduating in
June, August and October.
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Feliks
Gross, Managing Editor of "New
Europe," will lecture on the subject,
"The Small States in Post-war
Europe," Friday, March 23, at 8:00
p.m., in the Rackham Amphitheatre,
under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Political Science. The public
is cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Students who
fail to file their election blanks by
the close of the third week of the
Spring Term, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially will forfeit their privi-
lege of continuing in the College.
--- E. A. Walter
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students of this College, ex-
cept veterans of World War I, must
elect Physical Education for Men.
This action has been effective since
Tune, 1943, and will continue for the
duration of the war.
SStudents may be excused from tak-
g the course by (1) The University
Health Ser'vice, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor Ar-
thur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Hall).
Except under very extrordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
Tle Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and The Arts: Attendance re-

y

A

Volunteers Needed

LAST WEEK Sophomore Project announced
that during February 102 women worked for
922 hours doing volunteer hospital work. That
is a considerable decrease from the totals of
previous months. Neither the total number of
hours nor the total number of volunteer work-
ers is sufficient to indicate that coeds appreciate
the real importance of the hospital project.
The nursing shortage in both St. Joseph
and University hospitals has not abated be-
cause of military progress. If it has changed
at all, it has grown more critical as the step-
up in the war effort has required more and
more nurses on the battlefields and in the
Army anl Navy hospitals right here-at home,
Because there aren't enough nurses to ade-
quately supply both the civilian and the mili-
tary demand, it is essential that volunteer Ivrork-.
ers be found to supplement the supply. If every
coed would spend a few hours a week doing vol-
unteer work at one of the hospitals, a great deal
would be accomplished to prevent the short-
age of nurses from , becoming- detrimental - to
progress on the battlefield or to civilian health
at home.
-Ann Schutz

wo Jima

IWO JIMA is a rather insighificant litle island
in the middle of the Pacific. Most of us had
never heard of it before the war. But this
island with the funny sounding name cost
America the lives of 4,189 American Marines.
We here at home cannot help but have a sense
of uselessness when we read of the horrors of

BARNABY

I I I Tl-t---9

-r--=

-rr---=-,Z-7-1-1

... and in all my years of investment
banking, I've seen nothing that equals
your financial acumen and organizing

- i
But, Mr. Boggs-He hung up!... Cushlamochree!
... The $700,000;000 has been turned over to
O'Malley Enterprises, Inc.. _. But Barnaby, I can't
LlMi /\.MM #A/t>Y1J J zLĀ±----------~ nll~

r

1"

By Crockett Johnson
Copyght, 1945, The Newspaper PM, Inc.
I must have started the company..
Boggs says there's a big article in
today's paper telling how I did it.

II

I

Ii

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