Snow and Colder
VOL. LIV No. 13 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 16, 1943
PRICE FIVE CENTS
'Reds Sweeping Towards
Pre-War Polish Border
Russian Army Cuts Next to Last Nazi Railway
Escape Line; Fight Raging North of Krivoi Rog
By JUDSON o'QUINN
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Nov. 15.-The Red Army cut the next to the last railway
escape line for the Germans in by-passed Gomel today, while far to' the
southwest Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's forces swept to within 35 miles of the
pre-war Polish border.
Inside the Dnieper bend, the German high command said, a huge fight
was raging north and northeast of Krivoi Rog. It admitted early gains by
Russian troops which Nazi propaganda broadcasts said numbered nearly
Pressing for a clean-up of Axis communication lines through the Pripet
marshes, the Red Army converging on Gomel seized the rail station of
T Demekhi, 34 miles west of Gomel,
and only eight miles west of Rechit-
C m ar. S sa, to cut the Gomel-Kalinkovichi
railway and highway.
T L Other Russian units also are at-
To LeaveHere tacking north and south of Gomel
itself, lower anchor of the Axis line
For Sea. D utyacross White Russia, and the single.
escape avenue left to the Germans in
that base now is the railway running
Cmdr. Scott To Be northwest to Zhlobin.
Executive Officer Baranovka Taken
Gen. Vatutin's northern Ukraine
For V-12 Regiment army had reached a point 42 miles
west of f llin Zhitnmir +n +a. I a tJV
U. S. Planes,
200 Bombs Dropped
In Successful Opening
Of Balkan Offensive
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Nov. 15.-Two waves of Am-
erican medium bombers escorted by
fighters smashed railway yards in the
heart of Sofia, Bulgaria, yesterday in
what an official Allied announcement
termed the "successful opening of
the Balkan offensive."~
Official reports of the assault on
Sofia-the first direct blow at Bul-
garia since that country declared
war on the United States Dec. 13,
1941-described the bombing as "ex-
tremely accurate," with the Mitchells
laying thousands of pounds of ex-
plosives squarely on locomotive re-
pair shops, car assembly shops, a
main line depot and acres of track-
(The Turkish Anatolia agency
broadcast a dispatch from its Sofia
correspondent which said the attack
had been carried out by 130 planes
which dropped approximately 200
bombs, some of which were fused for
delayed action and were still explod-
I - - --
Catalina Bombers Score
Hits, Damaging Japanese Cruiser
In Action Off Rabaul New Britain
Roosevelt, Halifax, and Others Watch Signing of Relief Pact Merchautman
.c >By Raiders
Lt. Cmdr. E. F. Scott will replace
Lt. Cmdr. K. S. Shook, who is leaving
some time this week for sea duty, as
xecutive Officer of the V-12 men
Cmdr. Shook came to Ann Arbor
n July 1941 and was on the staff of
the Departinent of Naval Science
d Tactics until April, 1942, when
h&'.was made Executive of the NRO-
TC unit here. On July 1 he was made
,xcutive Officer of the entire V-12
xegimentstationed on campus.
After graduating from Annapolis,
Cmdr. Shook served on the Lexing-
tnfor two and a half years and on
a destroyer for five and a half years.
When he leaves Ann Arbor later in
toe week, his wife and daughter will
move to California.
Came Last June
Cmdr. Scott came here last June
as asenior instructor and Insurance
Officer. His job as instructor in
Naval Organization for V-12 men
w-ill be tampn over by ,Lt. Ray Moore.
Lt. (j. g.) Joseph Izzo, who is com-
ing here from Naval Reserve Mid-
sh.p..n' 'op in New York, will
talk ver Cmdr. Scott's other duties.
mdr. Scott graduated from the
Academy in 1935. He served as Ju-
nior Division Officer aboard the U.
S. S.?ennsylvania, as First Lieu-
tenanlid Daiage Control Officer
on the destroyer U. S. S. Fannig and
thence as First Lieutenant and Com-
municatiohs' Officer on -the submar-
'On Convoy Duty
At the outbreak of the war Cmdr.
Scott was First Lieutenant and
Damage Control Officer abroad the
U. S. S. Ludlow, on Atlantic convoy
and escort duty. He wears the
bronze "A" on his American Defense
ribbon for this pre-Pearl Harbor
Atlantic convoy duty.
He was serving as Executive Of-
flcer aboard the U. S. S. Bernalou at
the time that this ship along with
another destroyer played a vital role
in the African inasion last Novem-
her. For this action, he along with
his entire company, wears the red,
yellow and blue ribbon of a Presi-
rs. Clark Will1
Wife of Commanding
General To Come Here
Mrs. Mark W. Clark, wife of Amer-
la's famed commanding general of
t Fifth Army, will speak on "When
tle Boys Come Home," Saturday,
lfav. 27, in Hill Auditorium under the
auspices of the Michigan Alumnae
During the lecture Mrs. Clark will
show slides made from photographs
taien by Gen. Clark and his staff of
the African invasion, including pic-
tures of the house in which he held
invasion meetings with French offi-
cials in Africa, of the Casablanca
conference and the present Italian
Mrs. Clark will read extracts from
her husband's letters and diary about
theSecret Mission and the progress
of the Fifth Army.
Proceeds. of Mrs. Clark's lecture
will be given to the Camp and Hos-
pital Committee for Christmas Fund
for Disabled Service Men now in the
hospitals at Camp Custer and Percy
Jones, Willow Run. Tickets are on
sale at the League and Union.
went/ uiuen zmomlrLO take tBar-
anovka, 35 miles from the old Polish
border and 150 miles from the Ger-
man-Russian border which existed in"
1941 before the Axis invasion.
These Russian successes at widely
separated sectors of the long front
were tempered only by continued
stiff German resistance at Fastov, 35
miles southwest of Kiev, on the road
to the Rumanian border 145 miles
Nazi Flank Threatened
Turning south from Zhitomir,
however, some of Gen. Vatutin's cav-
alry and tank formations threatened
the flank of the German army bat-
tling near F'astov, 50 miles to the
The Soviet war bulletin still made
no mention of the action in the
Dnieper bend on an 80-mile east-
west line between Krivoi Rog and
Will Rogers, Jr.
The son of one of America's great-
est humorists Hof ourtime, Will Rog-
er , Jr., will open this year's Oratori-
cal ,Association Lecture Series at
8:30 p.m. on Thursday at Hill Audit-
orium with a talk on "The United
States in Foreign Affairs."
Mr. Rogers, who was elected to
Congress straight from the army by
an overwhelming majority, went to
Washington hoping to see the war
won for the soldiers whom he feels
Spent Summer in England
A member of the Foreign Affairs
Committee of the House of Repre-
sentatives, he spent the past summer
in England, living with soldiers and
especially the RAF and American
Air Force units, talking with military
chiefs and with the best political
minds of England.
Single Tickets on Sale
Season tickets for the series which.
includes such notables as Fulton
Lewis Jr., Byrton Holmes, Louis
Lochner, Madame 'Wellington Koo.
and Leland Stowe can still be ob-
tained from 10 a.m.-1 p.m. and from
2-5 p.m. through Thursday at the box
office in Hill Auditorium.
Single tickets for the Will Rogers
Jr. lecture will go on sale at 10 a.m.
tomorrow. Servicemen on campus
may buy single admission tickets at
a reduced rate.
NORFOLK, VA., Nov. 16-(Tues-
day)-(P)-An explosion which the
Navy and Virginia State Police said
was at the Yorktown, Va., naval
mine depot rocked the lower Vir-
ginia peninsula and Hampton
roads at 12:30 a.m. today.
Windows were broken in Nor-
folk and. Portsmouth, which are at
least 20 miles by air line from the
depot on the York River. Citizens
of Norfolk were shaken in their
beds by the rumbling explosions
which appeared to continue for
eight to ten seconds.
The Fifth Naval District Public
Relations Office said a first report
that the explosion had occurred at
the Norfolk Naval Air Station arose
from a, false fire alarm at the sta-
tion"z few seconds ater the York-
Offilers at the depot later con-
firmed that the a plosion had beep
there, bu declin4ed to- lve nt, wsYinen
any report on casua ties,,if any,
and on property damage.
Girls To Sell
The JGP drive to sell $30,000 worth
of war stamps and bonds to Univer-
sity women starts today in every
dormitory, sorority and League house.
94 saleswomen have been appoint-
ed to reach the girls in their houses
and sell at least $1 worth of stamps
to each girl every month. Booths'
will be set up on campus to sell
stamps to all students.
Additional stamps will be sold
through the war stamp corsage com-
mittee, headed by Marcia Netting,
'45. Orders for red and white carna-
tions for the fall prom will be taken
by the war activities chairman in
Deborah Parry, '45, chairman of
JGP, announced'the names of the
three girls who have been chosen to
serve on the central committee. Ros-
alie Bruno, '45, and Betty Willemim,
'45, will serve as co-chairmnen of dor-
mitory sales. Peggy Morgan, '45, will+
be in charge of sorority sales with
Libby Davis, '45, as alternate.
Canadian Minister Leighton McCarthy signs the- agreement establishing a United Nations Relief and
Rehabilitation Administration at the White House during a ceremony in which 44 nations joined.
President Roosevelt leans across the table to talk w ith Lord Halifax, British ambassador. Sergio Os-
mena (lower left), Philippine vice-president, and Ralph Close (lower right) of the Union of South Africa,
Elections To Be,
Members of Engian
Council To Be Chmen
Electidns for student members of
the Board in Control of Student Pub *.
lications, the Union vice-president
and class representatives on the En-
gineering Council will be held from
9 a.m. to noon and from 1 p.m. to
4 p.m. tomorrow in the Engineering+
Arch and University Hall.
Candidates for the Board in Con-+
trol are Karl Kessler, Grad., Hoe+
Seltzer, '45 Med., Barney Laschever,
'45E. and Bud Brimmer, '46L.
All petitions of candidates for the
Engineering Council must be turned
in by noon today to the office of the
Dean, West Engineering building.+
Petitions should contain signatures
of fifteen members of the candidate's
class, a list of qualifications and pro-1
posals for future activities.
Petitions for Union vice-president
must be turned in by 5 p.m. today in
the Student Offices of the Union.
Students must present their cash-
ier's receipts to vote.
King Chooses Governor
LONDON, Nov. 16.--OP)-The Duke
of Gloucester, youngest surviving
brother of King George, will become
Governor-General of Australia next
July, it was announced today from
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.--Fresh
fron the Moscow Coiference, Secre-
tary of State Hull today urged the
American people to accept 'the ptb-
grans' of - inte rnatonal "cooperatiob
laid 'dlwri there, and sa'd' forelh
poliy shbuld be ,part from politics.
Hull told a press conference that
for more than a year he has been
conferring with leaders of all parties
on a united foreign} policy.
The Secretary is scheduled to ad-
dress an informal joint session of
Congress Thursday noon.
President Roosevelt notified Con-
gress that financial aid is needed for
relief of war victims abroad.
Such appropriations, which would
become part of the pool of the Unit-
ed Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration, are required, the
President said, "as a matter of mili-
tary necessity as well as of humani-
A resolution promptly introduced
by Chairman Bloom (D-NY) of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee,
would, from time to time, give the
President sums which Congress
thinks sufficient as America's share
in the relief program.
To Meet Tomorro w
"The United Nations-What They
Are-What They May Become" will
be discussed at 7:30 tomorrow night
in the League at a panel discussion
sponsored by the Post-War Council.,
Dr. L. H. Hostie of the law school,
Prof. W. H. Maurer of the journalism
department and Prof. Laing of the
political" science department will
Angelo J. Poulos, presient of the
Allenel Hotel, Inc., and co-owner of
the establishment with Theodore
Dames, died Monday morning at Uni-
versity Hospital after an eight-day
Mr. Poulos was stricken with a
heart attack on Nov. 6, and had
numerous recurrences of the attacks
up to his death. He was 53 years old.
Born in Greece on May 20, 1890,
Mr. Poulos came to Ann Arbor in
1914. For thirteen years, from 1916
'till 1090 he oerated a restaurant
Requested To Enforce
Lights Out Programn
The Women s War council sent a
lett~er edict to' campus housernbthers
yesterday asking for complete co-;
operation in the "lights out" pro-
gram for University women.
The letter stated that "under
the leadership of Pan-Hellenic
Association and Assembly the wo-
men of the University are spon-
soring a health program to become
The necessity for the plan, ac-
cording to the letter, arises from
the fact that "only two civilians
may be admitted at Health Serv-
ice at any one time." The rest of
the Health Service facilities are
needed for the armed forces sta-
tioned on campus.
Each house mother was informed
that "your house president will see
that all girls cooperate in arrang-
ing for this program to be effective."
It further stated that "all lights
will be out by 11:30 p. m., Sundays-
For those who have studying to
do later than 11:30 p. m., a special
room is to be reserved. "This room
is to be used at a minimum," the
In a statement from Health
Service last night, the total ca-
pacity for infirmities is 52 at the
present time, well divided among
civilians, sailors, and soldiers. We
have never heard of the limit of
two civilians at any one time," a
Health Service official said.
Previous objections to the lights
curfew arose principally because the
program was literally dropped in the
midst of the coeds without a chance
for them to voice opinons. bt
Further objections came about be-
cause the program, although sanc-
tioned by Pan-Hellenic and Assem-
bly, was not put to vote for approval
by either of these groups.
Doris Barr, president of Assem-
bly, said yesterday that the plan
is "a campaign, aiming to insure
the good health of University wo-
men. It is not compulsory," Miss
Barr said, "therefore, it does not
require a vote." The Women's War
Council letter, however, stated un-
qialifyingly, "All lights will be out
by 11:30 p. m."
The lights out proposal was
sprung as a complete surprise to
house presidents at a meeting Wed-
nesday. Each president was asked
+ hnlr a ma pptin g WpAnla acpA v a _
Is Scene of Renewed
Fighting by Americans
' By The Associated Press
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AIlmiD
HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 16 (Tes-
day)-A Japanese cruiser-latest in
a series of cruisers to be smashed by
Allied planes-has been directly hit
and severely damaeed by Catalinas
off Rabaul, New Britain.
Headquarters, in reporting the air
action today, also reported a1 large
merchantman bombed by the Cata-
Hit on Stern
The cruiser was hit on the stern
by a 1.000 pound bomb. A 500 pound-
er hit the merchantman amidships.
At Empress Augusta Bay, the Am-
erican beachhead on the west central
coast of Bougainville Island in-the
Northern Solomons, the Marines and
soldiers have clashed with Japanese
patrols on the flanks.
Seven enemy planes attacked the
American positions at night, cal"sfig
Four Zeros Destroyed
Allied planes. attacking Japanese
air bases at Buka, on Bougainville's
northern tip, dropped 51, tons o
bombs and destroyed four z , oh o
thSince a 350-ton bombing attack An
Rabaul on Oct, 12 touched off -te
current operations in the Bougain-
ville-New Britain -sector, tw ruis-
ers have been sunk and more4
10 damaged by Allied planes ata,
Glacial Expert Was
Formerly 'U' Lecturer
Frank Leverett, famous geologist
and former lecturer on glacial geolo-
gy at the University, died Monday
morning following a two weeks ill-
Born in Denmark, Ia. on 1ix4; ,
1859, he studied at the Denmark Aca-
demy, where he remained as a teach-
er 'until his graduation from Iowa
State College in 1885. In 1886 he en-
tered the United States Geology Sur-
vey, remaining with it for 43 years.
He lectured at the University on gla-
cial geology from 1908 until 1925.
Mr. Leverett was married to Miss.
Dorothy C. Park of Denmark, Ia., in
1895. He and his wife have been Ann
Arbor residents since 1900. He re-
tired from work ,with the Survey in
Author of numerous books and pa-
pers dealing with the field of geology,
Mr. Leverett has been listed in every
Who's Who since 1899. His sole sur-
vivor is his wife.
Navy to Get Late
Leave for Concerts
V-12 men who are doing satisfac-
tory work can get late permission for
Choral Union Concerts and for the
Oratorical Lecture Series.
Their ticket to the concert or lee-
ture will be their authority to leave
the ship, but they must have prior
permission from their Battalion Offi-
cer. The men will be allowed one half
hour to return to the ship after the
program is over. .
Servicemen can get single admis-
sion tickets to the lectures for half
price. Tickets for this week's lee-
ture will go on sale at 10 a. m.
tomorrow in the box officeat
Hill Auditorium. Men must show
their ticketsrto their Battalion Offi-
cer at the time they get last permis-
All Unclaimed '43 Ensians
,vri1 R. D-192oCAAM&%" "Is
BERLIN FEELS MANPOWER SHORTAGE:
Flyer Dispells Luftwaffe Superiority
By NEVA NEGREVSKI
"The once vaunted German Luft-
waffe, claiming to be the World's fin-
est collection of fliers, is today com-
posed of a few war-weary old timers
plus a lot of comparative greenbacks
who are frequently shot down be-
cause of rashness and inexperience,"
First Lt. John "Kirk" Martin, grad-
uate of the University of Michigan,
stated today. ,
Now home on a 30-day furlough,
Lt. Martin has participated in 50
combat missions in the North Africa
theater of operations and has been
honored with the Purple Heart, the
Air Medal with nine Oak Leaf Clus-
ters, and a recommendation for the
Distinguished Flying Cross.
them safely through the major part
of fighting and finally went to rest
at the bottom of the Mediterranean.
All the crew were saved. This plane
saw action in what turned out to be
a major part in the air battle of the
African campaign, which came at 'a
time when the opposed forces were
Kirk's squadron was sent out to.
dispose of an axis fleet convoying
troops to Africa and in the figl
which followed nine crew ships were
sunk, his plane getting officially cre-
dited with a large enemy warship.
In this engagement, he was wound-
ed in the leg by a fragment of a
bursting cannon shot.
Lt. Martin had another close,
race, attended public school in Bir-
mingham and was graduated from
the Hoge Military Academy in 1936.
He received his degree from the Uni-
versity of Michigan in 1941, where
he was a member of the Chi Psi frat-
Enlisting in the Army Air Forces
shortly after the attack on Pearl Har-
bor, he received his basic training at
Vernon and Randolph Field, Texas.
Earning his wings and commission in
August, 1942, at Foster Field, Texas,
he took combat operational training
at Colombia, S.C., Elgin Field, Flori-
da, and DeRidder, Louisiana. He was
promoted to the rank of first lieu-
tenant a month before being shipped
to Africa in February.