~A'1'J1RflAV W _ So nl'd-.£,, AFR
THE U XI1I fv'A N LA V .. 11. ~. L.A . ~ ~.a - A .1.V
_: A Ax u VA w a,. AA A'%Y 1 !l 11 AJr A:__..
L I P
P'dRather Be Right
By SAMUAL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Feb. 19.-Our attitude towardI
the Germans should not be that we propose to
solve their problems but that we have no solu-
tions and intend to leave them unsolved.
This may seem heartless, but it is also honest.
For, in actual fact, we have no solutions. We
have a solution only for our own problem, which
is to smash the fascist power. Our solution of
our own problem will necessarily leave all man-
ner of loose ends dangling. Where shall Ger-
many sell her goods? Who shall run whatever
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
-Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rer $4,25, by mal $5.25
Memb&, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Marion Ford . . . . Managing Editor
Jane Farrant . . Editorial Director
Claire Sherman . . . City Editor
Marjorie Borradalle . . . . Associate Editor
Eric Zalenxski . . ... Sports Editor
Bud Low . .. Assocate Sports Editor
Harvey Frank . . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin . . Ass't Women's Editor
Hila Slautterback. . . . Columnist
Doris Kuentz . . . . . Columnist
Molly Ann Winokur . . . . Business Manager
Elizabeth Carpenter . Ass't Bus. Manager
Martha Opsion . . Ass't Bus. Manager
NIGHT EDITOR : LOUISE COMINS
ldit/orals litIblished in The Michigan Daily
are written by Yncmhers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Method Used in ASTP
rWo WEEKS AGO when Secretary Stimson
commented on the rumor regarding the elim-
ination of the ASTP program, he said that there
would be a gradual reduction of the program but
that there would be no complete elimination of
.ast night he gave out information of quite
a Oitferent nature. According to his latest fig-
ures, 110,@00 of the 140,000 studying under the
ASTVP program will be transferred to other
field b April 1.
On Dec. 13, Col. Rogers announced to the
men stationed here that a 10 per cent reduction
in the program had been ordered, but that "this
-wil not affect the men stationed on campus, as
far as I know."
At that time he advised the men to stick to
their 'hooks until more definite information
was received. However, no group of men could
possibly be expected to study a subject with
maximum efficiency at the same time that they
wer being urre.unded by rumors that they
would soon be transferred and that this sub-
jeot would be of no use to them in the later
military dutites they would be called upon to
This decision by the War lDepartent could
not have been a sudden one. They have finally
released their plans to the public but BEFORE
the Army units affected were given any official
The. Army has indeed reached a sad state
of affairs when a commanding officer has to
real his morning paper to find out what is
going to happen to his unit.
Negroes Do Na4 Ictu c
r 114ERE are (wo views to take this week in
connection w ith ''National Negro History
Week" which is being celebrated throughout the
country. One is to the past in viewing the tre-
mendous stride %Nhich have been accomplished
in the history of the Negro race in our own coun-
try and elsewhere: the other vi(w is to the future
and the much greater st rides that must be taken.
Especially at a time wvhlen a war is being
waged; against all he philosophies of race su-
periority whic, roe aTlicting the world, the
implications of such a week are tremendous.
It presents an oppo'rtuiuly to responsibility
for each of us to examine his own past actions
and pre.iudices and see how closely they co-
incide with our democratic theories.
This war has Jarred many people from their
traditional narrowness. brought them to the
reahzation that iere are Negro citizens wvho
are fighting this war Just as desperAely as any-
one else. But it is a double struggle for them
because they are fighting for something that is
not as yet. a perfect realit y. This democratic
equality for all men is not an acluality. If it
v're ('it ou ne e ne ry for the
WLB to order several coppe'1 compalies to cease
racial discrimina tion in the-ir wae practices. If
it.,n a tvr- a nnol n .1.;Jcfn llE ,I nnp-
"EVERYBODY here is busy, but never doing
anything. Everyone seems to be in a hurry,
but if you ask him where he's going, he doesn't
know." Comments by Sgt. Yankoff, Co. A, Am-
erican citizen from Hawaii, in the United States
for the second time. To him America is the
best country in the world, a place where you
aren't forced to do things, where you decide for
yourself what time you shall work and what time
you shall play.
If t-hese things }vere true, Sgt. Yankoff, we
would have no reason to be in a hurry. But
now all we can hope for is to make them cone
true before you start looking in the dirty
corners of America, and under the carpet.
Because they happened to sail on a certain
Zhip that was following its charted course, 1,000
men--one thousand men-died. Because it was
a troop ship, and because there is an enemy whose
,iob it is to send submarines to sink ships, because
we are fighting a war one thousand men died
so quickly. They all would have died in time
..yes, but why did this have to be the time
and the place, before they had fulfilled their
We are in a hurry, Sgt. Yankoff, to defeat
fascism, and more, to defeat war. And there
are those of us who saw, years ago, that this
war could have been avoided, and fascism de-
feated, by passing legislation: outlawingfiter
national cartels between monopoly producers
who kept production low and limited the use
of new discoveries; refusing to sell oil and
scrap to Japan when she was already advanc-
ing into China; applying sanetions o Italy
when she invaded Ethiopia; lifting the embargo
on goods to Spain when she Was fighting alone
to defeat fascism . . . These are the people who
are bitterly pulling, pushing, fighting, demand-
that fascism be defeated now, quickly, and then
that the causes of fascism and of war be elim-
The greatest country in the world- which in
1929, boom times, left idle twenty billion dollars
worth of its potential capacity. Which in '33, bad
imes (when banks were failing by the thousands
for lack of backing), used less than sixty billion
and left idle forty billion dollars worth of pos-
sible production . . . (Brookings Institute).
ONE-THIRD of us are ill-housed, ill-clothed,
ill-fed . . . figures so often quoted they don't
hit us any more, or force us into building hous-
ing projects, lowering the price of farm goods,
aiding the farmers, and quickly. But when we
say, in the winter month of February, that, even
before the war-boom housing shortage, in 64
large American cities half the houses had no
furnace or boiler heating systems, that 85 per
cent have no mechanical refrigeration, that one-
fourth have no bathtub or shower, no -gas or
electricity for cooking. That one out of seven
metropolitan houses has no indoor toilet . .?
(U.S. Dep't of Commerce inventory.)
You will see, Sgt. Yankoff, one and a third
million children under 17 years, working . .
and 500,000 more laboring on farms, all underr
16. (1940) Pursuing happiness? going to the
movies when they wish? And having no
chance to vote out of office those legislators
who Thursday side-stepped and thus defeated
Michigan's chance to stand against child labo
If you have lived long enough, you have
seen unemployment-one and a half million
out of work in 1920, four million in '21, two
million in '27, amost that number in '29. And
eight million, seven thousand in 1931, fFi-
TEEN MILLION IN 1933 . . . every ninth citi-
zen denied the right to his only important
private property, his .job. (National Industrial
Conference Board.) And if you live tomorrow,
you will see one million unemployed this year,
eight million in 1945, five and a half million
in '46, four and a half million at the beginning
of '47. (Conference on Postwar Readjustmnent
of Civilian and Military Personnel.) . . .Unless
And if you read the chart you will see that
this is not tie first time: at least once every
decade since 1802, there has been a depression.
It is a long list, brief stateient of a nation's
failure to provide for its people . . . Not to pro-
vide the luxuries of education and free speech,
But the very simple comforts you spoke of, Sgt.
Yankoff . . . good food, soft beds, warm clothing.
If we all faced depressions equally, if all chil-
dren worked, if all of us were unemployed, we
governing functions we leave to the Germans?
Who shall teach in the German schools? It
seems like a formless and uncomfortable future
for Germany; it is prickly with questions.
To leave the Germans thus, naked on the side
of the moon, facing reality, facing ultimate res-
ponsibility for their own futures; this should be
our attitude, our only attitude toward them. For
there is no educational process we could devise
for them vWhich would be half so rich as to
compel them to fill in. for themselves, the empty
spaces of the unknown future that gapes before
WHY GIVE THEM A SLOGAN? -
If we set up a complicated plan for the Ger-
mans, complete down to democratic indoctrin-
ation in the kindergartens, then We give the Ger-
mans sometlhing to fight; we give their, in effect,
a rallying point; we give them slogans. The new
German leaders will then not have to have plans
of their own; it will be enough to be against our
plan. For this and other reasons, I would give
the Germans no plan at all, beyond the merest
police surveillance; I would give them a round,
rife nothing, and bid them fill it in.
Perhaps, under these challenging pressures,
it will occur to them that they had better con-
Vince is that there are two kinds of Germans,
"good" and "bad." If so, it is their problem to
I make us believe that. It is not up to us to dis-
entangle one kind of German from another;
it is up to the Germans to disentangle them-
selves, possibly by making a revolution before
the War ends.
It is not the United Nations' job to solve all
German problems; it is up to the Germans to
solve the United Nations problem.
Let -us say the war ends, and they have made
no revolution. Very well, we continue our
same challenging attitude. (It is one of its
merits that it is equally serviceable for war or
peace.) We occupy Germany, concentrating
on our military safety. That is our problem,
and we will solve it. The Germans will have
shown a certain incapacity by not removing
their own top fascist leadership. We accept
this German demonstration of incapacity. We
dissolve German state organs, and we police
Gthe erma" nation.
No, not the German nation; for it is no longer
a nation; xte police the German land. If the
Germans want a- nation, it is up to them ,to
I CET T HEM MAKE OFFERS
What about foreign trade? What about
schools? If these questions pinch, let the Ger-
mans meet, let them talk, let them sit in their
rooms and stare at reality; let them make offers.
It is not up to us 'to specify the size of the
postage stamps in Utopia. It is for the Germans
to grapple with the future, if they want a'future.
Should they choose to play silly games, to flaunt
nationalist flags, as they did last time, we shall
take appropriate measures to prove to them that
such exercises are not solving their problem.
It will be seen that this approach is neither
"hard" nor "soft." It is profoundly democratic,
in the sense that it concedes that what people
do is important, that their decisions and actions
really matter. We avoid the absurd postulate
that we know the answers.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
SATURDAY, FEB. 19, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 84
All notices for the blaily Official Bul--
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
pn. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Required Hygiene Lectures for
Women-1944: All first and second
semester freshman women are re-
quired to take the hygiene lectures
which are to be given the second
seiester. Uppercass students who
were in the University as freshmen
and who did not fulfill the require-
ments are required to take and satis-
factorily complete this course. Enroll
for these lectures at the time of
regular classification at Waterman
Gymnasium. These lectures are a
Section No. I: First Lecture, Mon-
day, March 13, 4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditorium; Subsequent Lectures,
Successive Mondays, 4:15-5:15, Rack-
ham Auditorium; Examination (fin-
al), Monday, April 24, 4:15-5:15,
Section No. II: First Lecture, Tues-
day, March 14. 4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditorium; Subsequent Lectures,
Successive Tuesdays, 4:15 - 5:15,
Rackham Auditorium; Examination
(final), Tuesday, April 25, 4:15-5:15,
Margaret Bell, M.D.
Health Lectures for Men: The re-
quired series of Health Lectures for
Freshman men will be given in Rm.
35, Angell Hall, at 5:00 p.m. and
repeated at 7:30 p.m., March 6, 7, 8,
9, 13 14.
Successful completion of this series
of lectures is required of all men
students except those who have en-
tered the University with two years
of advanced standing.
Freshmen and other men students
- who for any reason have failed to
complete this requirement for grad-
uation are asked to do so during the
The Automobile Regulation will be
lifted from 12:00 noon on Saturday,
Feb. 26 until 8:00 a.m. on Monday,
Identification Cards: All students
who attended the University during
the Summer or Fall Terms are re-
quested to bring their identification
cards with them when registering for
the Spring Term.
Office of the Dean of Students
Choral Union Members are re-
minded to call for their courtesy
passes to the concert of Ezio Pinza,
between the hours of 9 and 12 and
1 and 4, on the day of the concert,
Monday, March 6 (first day of .the
second term) at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Burton
Dormitory Directors, Sorority
Chaperons and House Heads: Closing
hours for undergraduate women will
be 11 p.m. on Feb. 28, 29, March 1
and 2. Closing hours will be 12:30
a.m. as usual on Fridays and Satur-
days, exedpt for'those attending the
Vietorly Ball,:when the closing hour
will be 2:30 a.m The closing hour
on Sundays will be 11 p.m.
Notice to All Fraternities: The In-
terfraternity Executive Committee at
its meeting on Feb. 15, 1944, fined
three fraternities for pledging men
not registered with the Interfrater-
nity Council as required by the
"Rushing Rules for the Duration."
It also levied a fine of fifteen dollars
($15.00) per man on all houses who
pledged an independent man or men
living in the house at- the time of
pledging. This is strictly against the
Interfraternity Council's rules.
All men interested in the Inter-
fraternity Council, and desiring to
petition for the job of Secretary-i
Treasurer for the coming term should
have their petitions in the IFC office,
306 Michigan Union, by March 10,
1944. Men must be Juniors.
The Sureau has received an-
nouncement of examinations for the
class of Technical Aid and Junior
Engineer. They will be given daily
in Detroit (Monday through Satur-
day) until further notice. Examina-
tions will be conducted hn Lansing
and Ann Arbor on some date con-
venient for the majority.
The Technical Aid class requires
completion of three years in and
preferable graduation from a uni-
versity with specialization in the
fieltl which includes social sciences,;
public administration, psychology,
mathematics or statistics. In addi-
tion, ability to type with consider-
able speed and accuracy and to re-
port and transcribe moderately com-
For further details stop in at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
The United States Civl Service
Commission announces the need for
Substitute Railway Postal Clerks for
War Service appointments Basic
salary: $1,850 for a 40-hour week.
An additional day s pay weekly un-
der the present 48-hour work week.
Applications must be on file not
later than Feb. 29, 1944. For com-
plete announcement stop in at the
Bureau of Appointments.
The Bureau has received an-
nouncement of the following: State
of New York-Dept. of Civil Service,
County Job opportunities for: Senior
Account Clerk,,$85/mo., Chautauqua
County resident. Rockland County
residents, Janitor, $1.300 to $1,600/yr.
and Radio Operator, $1,500 to $1,800!
yr. Westchester County residents.
Laboratory Stock Clerk.
U.S. Civil Service Commission:
Graduate Nurse, Panama Canal Ser-
vice, $168.75/mo. plus overtime, other
Federal Agencies, $1,800/yr. plus
overtime. Graduate Nurse Trainee,
$1,620/yr. plus overtime.
For further details see the com-
plete announcements in the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
A ca d emic Notices
Examination Schedule: Wednes-
day, Feb. 23, 2-4 p.m.
Bertram .................205 MIH
Bredvold .................3017 All
Calver ...................2003 Al-I
Davis ....................2235 AU;J
Eisinger .................. 2082 NS
Speech 156: Hours of meeting in
spring term to be arranged. Organi-
zation meeting Monday, March 6, 7
p.m., Rm. 2006 Angell Hall.
Botany I Final Examination:
Thursday, Feb. 24, 8-10 a.m. Rm.
1025 Angell Hall.
All graduating seniors who are
registered with the Bureau of Ap-
pointments please check with us
about your records if you have not
already done so. Do we have your
home address? Are you available for
employment now? Stop in at 201
The Hopwood Bulletin, page 9,
paragraph 18, reads: In particular
or irregular cases the committee may,
upon petition. waive particular parts
of these rules, but no petition will be
received by the committee after.
March 1, 1944.
Choral Union Concert: Ezio Pina,
Bass, with Gibner King, accompan-
ist, will give the tenth program in
the Choral Union Series Monday,
March 6, at 8:30 p.m. (first day of
the second term) in Hill Auditorium,
Exhibit: Museum of Art and Ar-
chaeology, Newberry Hall. The Ar-
thur G. Cummer Memorial Collection
of Arms. March 5-19. Week days,
9-5: 7:30-9:30. Sundays, 3-5.
Events Toda y
Roger Williams Guild: Meet to-
night at the Guild House for a tobog-
gan party. The group will leave the
house between 8:30 and 9:00.
Wesley Foundation: Open House
tonight at 8:30 o'clock for all Metho-
dist students and servicemen and
Organ Recital: Carl Weinrich,
guest organist from Wellesley Col-
lege, will be heard at 4:15 p.m., Sun-
day, Feb. 20, in Hill Auditorium, in
a program of compositions by Han-
del, Buxtehude, Bach, Mozart, Jep-
son and Hindemith. The public is
professor William IH. Hobbs will
speak on "Truk, and the oter Japa-
nese Fortresses of the South Pacific"
at the International Center on Sun-
day, Feb. 20, at 7:30 p.m. The lecture
will be accompanied with slides taken
by Professor Hobbs.
Exhibit of Photographs of the
Southwest Pacific; Lt. Walter Pleiss,
Jr., will exhibit his pictures of Fiji,
New Caledonia and the Solomon Is-
lands at the International Center
Sunday evening, Feb. 20, under the
auspices of the International Center
Roger Williams Guild: Mrs. Leslie'
E. Swain, president of the Woman's
American Baptist Foreign Mission,
will speak at the Sunday evening
meeting at .5:00 p.m. Her topic will
be "Earning Big Dividends."
.. .... . ..2231 AH
...-............. 18 A H
................ 2016 A
.. .......... 102
. ............ 2013
could solve the problem, united. But the truest
way to draw America's economic set-up is to
draw two pyramids, one right side up, the
other standing on its head. For today 21.5 per
cent of American families get 3.8 per cent of
the natinaI income; and 2.3 per cent of Am-
crican families get 28.0 per cent of the .na-
tional income. (Brookings Institute). Not
only the pyramid, but our whole economy is
standing on its head.
This is why we hurry.
But if youhaven't time for figures, Sgt. Yank-
off, and if you won't have a chance to look
around the country . . . then look on your book-
shelf, not for the elusive great American novel
. . . but look at the books Americans write about
America. At "Emperor Jones" and "The Hairy
Ape," at "You Have Seen Their Faces." "Uncle
Tom's Children," "Grapes of Wrath," at "Jake
j Home," "Waiting for Lefty." "Union Square,"
"Industrial Valley," at "The Jungle," and "Flivver
King," and "FOB Detroit," at "Jews Without
- Money," "What Makes Sammy Run," 'Emer
Gantry." And look at "Sabotage," and "Under
Or go up to the newsstand and see the other
side of things: in "The -Chicago Tribune,"
printed daily in many editions, the "New York
Daily News" or the "Washington Times-1er-
ald."fIn the Hearst press, and some of Scripps-
howard. And, on the street corners of Detroit,
watch them sell "The Cross and the Flag" .
published by the Ku Klux Klan.
We can't settle these things before you get
back from defeating foreign fascism, Sgt. Yank-
off . . . and that's why you have -to understand
why we are in a hurry, and why you've got to
work with us when you take off your mud-
stained, blood-stained khaki . . . work to keep
blood and fear off denim overalls and black
work pants, and off dimity aprons.
German Department Room Assign-
ments for final examinations, 2:00
to 4:00 p.m. Friday, Feb. 25:
German I-Gaiss (2 sections) &
Winkelman: 205 Mason Hall; Van-
Duren and Copley: 2225 Angell Hall;
Diamond, Reichart & Philippson :
35 Angell Hall; Eaton and Courant:
1035 Angell Hall.
German 2-Winkelman (2 sec-
tions): 2003 Angell Hall; Gaiss, Phil..
ippson & Willey: 2054 Natural Sci-
German :31-all sections: D Haven
Ge'mami 32-both se;tions: 301'
'Roon Assignments, Fial Exams
in Math., College of L.S.anzdA.: In
general classes will use their regular
rooms for final examinations. In
the following cases, however, classes
will use the rooms specified:
Anning ........Math. 7
Anning ........ Math. 13
Craig ...... ...Math. 53
Eilenberg Math. 7
Losh ..........Mati. 7
Raiford ........Math. 14
20 03 All.
3011 A. H.
'3011 A :H.
Sociology 51: Final examination
for all sections Saturday, Feb. 26,
8-10 a.m. The room arrangement is
as followvs. 1025 Angell Hall--Carr,
Hawley and Myers; Natural Science
Auditorium-Holmes, Ostafin and
Sociology 54: Final ,x:amination
for all sections ''hursd' y, Feb. 24.,
8-10 a.m., Rm. C, Haven hall. y
Political Science 1 and 2: Make-up
examination for conflicts in exami-
nation schedule (by permission
only), Thursday, Feb. 24, 10:30-1
12:30, Rm. 2037 A.H.
English 31, Sec. 7: The final ex-
amination will be given in Rm. 22311
A.H. instead of 3209 A.H., Wednes-I
day, Feb. 23, 8-10.
Final Examination for History 116
will be held in Rm. G, Haven Hall,
instead of in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall,
on Friday, Feb. 25, 8:00-10:0.
Political Science 1: Final Exaimin-
ation, Monday, Feb. 21, 8:00-10:00
a.m. Lecture Group A (sees. 1-4,
inc. -Rm. 1025 A.H. Lecture Groun
First Methodist Church and Wes-
lcy Foundation:. Morning worship
Brashares will preach on "Victorious
Living," Wesleyan Guild meeting be-
ginning with supper at 5 o'dlock. The
concluding discussion in the series
"What I Bielieve" will begin at 5:45.
Then eeting will end with a worship
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw. Worship service Sun-
day at 11:00. Sermon by the Rev.
Alfred Scheips, "Christ's Victorious
Ann Arbor Friends Meeting (Quak-
1 ers): Regular meeting for worship
at 5:00 p.m. in Upper Room, Lane
Hall. Monthly business meeting at
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples) : 11:00 a.m., morning worship.
The Rev. J. Leslie French will be
guest speaker. 5:00 p.m., Guild Sun-
day Evening Hour. The Congrega-
tionial-Disciples Guild will meet at
tie Guild House for a service of wor-
ship. Asocial hour and refreshments
First Presbyterian Church, Wash-
tenaw. 10:45 a.m, Morning worship.
Subject of Dr. Lemon's sermon will
be "Man's Other Religion." At 5:00
p.m. the Student Guild supper and
fellowship hour.. This will be fol-
lowed by a talk by Dean Erich Wal-
ter, continuing the discussion of
"Building a Christian Home." His
topic will be "The First Year of Mar-
riage." All students cordially invited.
Grace Bible Fellowship, Masonic
Temple. 327 South Fourth Avenue,
Harold J. DcVries, Pastor. 10 a.m.,
University Bible Class. Ted Groes-
boat fp-am.11 9,m ww rd _rai-
A washout, m'boy. I'm rushing to
Congress to see about the gret.
O'Malley Dam. I assured oil my
I didn't think it would be a very
good fight. . With both fighters
invisible, no wonder it was a-
Had everyone on fhe edge of
his seat! Envisioning the gory
struggle taking place in what
By Crockett Johnson
W o And then, o a most -
exciting moment in