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February 16, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-16

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Editorial Staff
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Telephone 23-24-
Eitorials pu/lished in The Michigan Daily
ae written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Wilkie Has False View
Of Republican Party
SOME comments for Wendell Willkie. He
spoke out in Idaho about that Grand Old
;Party. But it seemed more like a fanciful dream
applied rather arbitrarily to the Republicans.
He recognized "that there have long been
in the Republican Party forces which really
believe that a political party exists solely for
the advancement of private, selfish, material
interests, and who would . . . turn back the
clock of social progress." Agreed.
Then he said they also exist in the Demo-
cratic Party. Sure. But he says "there is a
difference; in the Democratic Party they are
entrenched, they are geographically integrated
and supported by an ancient prejudice, and by
corrupt and brazen political machines. While
in the Republican Party they are scattered and
unsupported by effective political organizations."
We, here in Michigan, are a little short-sighted;
we immediately think of that smooth-running
Republican machine which is led by Frank D.
But then he talks of "new leadership" in the
party, says that their "Congrssional repre-
sentation has recently been refreshed with
men unhampered by past records, who know
that real social progress, 'once established,
cannot be destroyed: that the Republican
party must represent the future, not the past."
That must be why these representatives are
so worried now about "state's rights," why
they are afraid of subsidies, why they don't
agree with him about the tax question, why

WASHINGTON, Feb. 16.-The President list-
ened sympathetically to those four Congressmen
who called on him to urge that the ban on mem-
bers of Congress serving in the armed forces be
rescinded. But he didn't budge from his position
that the ban should remain in force.
"What do you want me to do-violate the
Constitution?" he bluntly asked his callers,
who were Rperesentatives Lyle Boren of Okla-
homa, Joe Hendricks of Florida, Will Rogers,
Jr., of California, and John Fogarty of Rhode
Roosevelt contended that the Constitution
barred members. of Congress from holding "any
office under the United States" during their
legislative terms. Attorney General Biddle has
interpreted this to mean that Congressmen can-
not legally join the armed forces unless they
first resign from Congress. The President added
that there was even a legal question about the
right of Congressmen to hold non-paying Re-
serve commissions.
"But Mr. President," spoke up young Repre-
sentative Hendricks, "that is one man's inter-
Members of Congress were given leaves of
absence to fight for their country in the last
war. They weren't forced to resign, and ati
the other Allied countries have been following
the same policy in this war.
Representative Boren pointed out that 85
members of the British House of Commons and
156 members of the House of Lords were granted
leaves of absence to join up. Eleven of the for-
mer had been killed in action, he said. Thirteen
members of the Canadian Parliament are in
uniform, and the New Zealand and Australian
governments likewise have no restrictions against
legislators going to war, the Oklahoman added. .
Roosevelt replied that, in his opinion, Con-
gress had violated the Constitution in giving
11 members of the House and Senate leaves
of absence to serve in the last war.
"Oh, well you weren't Commanhder-in-Chief
then," shot back Hendricks jokingly.
Roosevelt, frequently accused of enlarging on
the Constitution, smiled at this rub but retorted
that there was nothing to prevent Congressmen
itching to serve in the Army from resigning
their legislative jobs.
Loss of Seniori
His four callers protested that this would mean
losing their seniority rank on committees. They
would have to start in "at the bottom" if re-
electedaafter the war, they said, and the seniority
they had accumulated would be wasted. They
also argued that, if a Congressman resigned to
join the Army and then was released for physical
reasons six weeks later, he would have lost all
opportunity to serve either militarily or legis-
"That's unfair to members like myself who
sincerely want to join the service," commented
Representative Hendricks. "We should be giv-
en some protection."
Roosevelt nodded sympathetically, but didn't
alter his position.
"I can understand how you feel," he said, "be-
cause I had a similar experience in the last war,
while I was Assistant Secretary of the Navy. I
wanted to join the Navy, and in fact, I was all
set for combat assignment as a lieutenant-com-
mander. But when I called on President Wilson
to ask his permission, he said, 'Absolutely no,'
the party leader, Harrison Spangler, is char-
acterized as being primarily interested in the
"material" pursuit of votes.
If the Republican Party would give some evi-
dence of "this infusion of new blood," "the new
ideas" and the "leadership fresh from the peo-
ple" of which Mr. Willkie speaks, it would be
easier to regard his speech as a realistic picture
of the party instead of a fanciful dream.
-Barbara Herrinton

that I was needed whereI was. So I had to
give up the idea."
Note: Congressmen with a yen for military
service do not intend to take the President's
latest dictum lying down. They are planning
to sponsor a resolution authorizing "leaves of
absence" during wartime. That failing, they
may seek a verbal agreement with house and
Senate leaders that members who join the arm-
ed forces will be restored to their full seniority
rank after the war.
Many members vigorously disagree with At-
torney General Biddle's interpretation of the
Constitution, contending that tie broad lan-
guage of the Constitution prohibits them from
holding another "civil" office with the govern-
ment while serving in Congress, but not a
military assignment.
(Copyrght, 1944, United etuires yndicate)
IT'S REALLY a whole new idea. And a power-
ful one. Cne that can make the pursuit of
happiness in the post-war world easier than
the search for the Holy Grail or two chickens
in every pot of the Hoover administration.
In a way it's not a new idea at all. Most
young people have always believed it, and most
adults, hearing it, tnickly turn the other way.
Or answer it with: children should be seen and
not heard; the younger generation is going to
the dogs; respect your elders and betters.
But they've never quite convinced us. And
now the psychology department can tell us we're
right. A whole series of facts are known that
can lead to changes, in a hurry.
What's it all about? Why just this: we've
found that the IQ and mental age of a person
starts decreasing after his fifteenth birthday
(not rapidly, but decreases nonetheless). So
people are more alert when they are young .. .
really, they are more intelligent! Are 18-year-
olds old enough, intelligent enough to vote?
Yes, certainly! As Professor Maier said to his
class, "I don't particularly like telling you
these things, because I am not getting any
younger. Actually, I'm probably less intelli-
gent than some of you; the reason I can teach
you something is that I have gone int a special
field, and know more about it than you do.
But I don't know a good deal of the econ-
omics or chemistry I once did."
For any professor to admit such a thing,
however, proves that he is a good deal more
intelligent than many of his associates, and
those students who stick to their elders' apron
strings and deny facts.
IF WE ARE more alert than we will be later,
should we spend this time in school, or should
" we do things? Well, perhaps a little of both,
since experience is also necessary in thinking.
The Antioch College plan is the best we know:
get theory and general information one term
in school, then work a term at something in-
teresting and which provides experience.
The thing we sometimes forget is that the
men who did things, and are doing things, are
the young . . . Tom Jefersn was 33 years old
when he wrote the Deelaration of Independ-
ence. And it was young men who wrote and
fought later for a new idea which some of
their elders couldn't comprehend. (Maybe
this is the answer to Bluepoint's column about
people getting conservative as they grow older,
perhaps it is.related to their decreasing intel-
ligence?) The generals in the Spanish Civil
War were young men, as are those fighting
with the Red Army in Estonia, and our gen-
erals are becoming younger. (Unquote, Dr.
The new post-war world, then, rightly belongs
to us. The new ideas we have are the ones to
execute, not the ones tried in 1943 . . . they're
not good enough for 1944, and certainly not for
'45 and '50! We have a new world to put to-
gether, and we better hurry up so that our
elders, not necessarily our betters, don't push
us aside as in the past, with "oh, you're too
young to know any better."

It's a little late in the semester for most pro-
fessors to try to stimulate their students. But
Professor Norman Maier in Psych 31 the other
day proved that students won't fall asleep in
class if new material is presented interestingly.
We were shown the relation between theories
and the soldier vote, fear of new ideas, the
principle that youth should help run the world.
We discussed some of the problems that go
with high IQs: bringing up bright children,
Phi Bete girls putting on the protective color-
ing of dopes in order to "get their men," the
important problem all intelligent women face
of being bored with housework but anxious to
marry and have children, the problem of re-
fusal of the old to accept the socially valuable
ideas of exceptional people.
Congratulations to a man and a department.

j{J !
i .

2 -



" I -

Be a , Right '

"I'll be glad when new eas are available-so a girl doesn't have to
watch where she's going!"


WEDNESDAY, FEB. 16, 194-i
VOL. LIV No. 81
All notices for theT hly Official Biul-
Icin are t he sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by :::o
p.m. of te day preceding its poblica-
tion, except on Satuarday wheu the no-
iccs siihod ie submitIted Nby W30 Notice
Mid - Year Graduation Exercises:
Feb. 19, 1944, 9:30 a.m., Assembly in
Hill Auditorium (Academic Dress).
All Graduates will be seated in Sec.
III, the center section, Main Floor.
Seating will be under the direction of
Color Guard will assemble in Lob-
by, first floor.
Honor Guard will assemble in
Lobby, first floor.
Deans and Directors who take ac-
tive part in the exercises will assem-
ble in east dressing rooms, first floor.
Regents, Secretary, Minister, Spea-
ker, President, and others of Group
I, Honor Section will assemble in
west dressing rooms, first floor.
Other Faculty Members will assem-
ble in second floor dressing rooms.
The seating of the public will be
under the direction of ushers.
10:00 a.m., Opening exercises.
Tickets for the Midyear.-Gradua-
tion Exercises are now available
at the Information Desk, Rm. 1,
University Hall. After 9:30 a.m.
Saturday, Feb. 19, they may also be
obtained at the box office in Hill
Midyear Graduation Fxere ises:
Classes on Saturday morning Feb.
19, with the exception of A.S.T.P.
classes and the Saturday classes of
the School of Education, will be dis-
missed at 9:45 a.rn to permit faculty
members and students to attend the
Midyear Graduation Exercises.
Washington's Birthday: Since
Washington's Birthday, Feb. 22, this
year- falls in the final examination
period, there will be no suspension
of scheduled activities for the day.
Libraries and offices will remain
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing civil service examination, U.S.
Closing date: Feb. 28, 1944. Classifi-
cation: Junior Aeronautical Inspec-
tor (Trainee). Salary: $2,600 a year.
Requirements: A current commercial
pilot's certificate- of competency or
completion of CPT secondary and
Cross Cuntry courses or graduation
from a flying school of the Army,
Navy, Marine Corps or Coast Guard
having served as pilot on active duty.
For further information see notice
which is on file in the office of the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall, office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Detroit Armenian Club Scholar-
ship: Undergraduate students of
Armenian parentage residing in the
Detroit area who have earned 30
hours of college credit are eligible to
apply for the $100 scholarship offered
for 1944-45 by the Detroit Armenian
Women's Club. Applications must be'
made by May 15. For further details,
inquire of Dr. F. E. Robbins, 1021
Angell Hall.

Acadeic Notces

Examination * Schedule:
day, Feb. 23, 2-4 p.m.
English 1:
Fogle ................
Hawkins ................
H elm ...... . ........... .
Morris.......... . .... .
Pearl ...................
Rayment ... ........
Rowe. ...........
Schenk ..... ......
Thorpe. ............. .
Warner . ............... .
Weaver ............
Wells.. .............
English ->
Calvetr ................
Fogle ... ..............
M illar ...................
Nelson ..................
Ohlsen-...............-' -

..3017 AHl
200: All
.. 112,235All
N082 N
229 AH
E HEfaven
*.1035 AHl
4003 AH
. .2231 AH
. . 2203 AH
18 AH
. . C Haven
.2016 AH
. 205 MH

NEW \YORKF Kb it. if we set
up a,system of courts to try axis war
leaders, great and small, these lead-
ers will, of course, become prisoners
immediately the armistice begins,
They wil be subject to the mercies
of these courts. But they will also be
entitled to the protection of these
Oddly enough, therefore, the first
administrative result of any system
of "trials'' for axis leaders will e to
save their lives. Our courts, however
constituted, wil have to insist that
their dignity and orderly routine be
respected. Revoluion against fas-
Gists will become contempt of court
The Day Will Pass
There is no way out of this dil-
emma if we insist upon "trials" for
the one hundred thousand or so
leading members of the Nazi appar-
atus. Our soldiers, storming into
Germany for the destruction of fas-
cism, will find thrust upon them the
final, ironic function of becoming a
police squad to proect the fascist
eaders from harm.
We know that moments of deep,
popular excitement, when the po-
litical imaginations of men are
really stirred, when theyare really
ready to make fundamental chan-
ges, are rare and brief; perhaps a
day in a century. A system of "tri-
als" for axis leaders will make rev-
olution illegal on the only day on
which it could possibly luippemv.
The moment wil pass. The cold
routine of ordinary Mtondays and
Thursdays will succeed. The ps-
sage of a year will save half of the
one hundred thousand leading
Nazis from punishment; the "as-
sage of two years will save almost
all of them.
The very essence of the "trial"
plan is its postponement of the criti-
cal decision; and every criminal law-
yer knows the enomom, isvah of
There Is a Coutrniolise
Tihe only possible compromise,
therefore, between our own desire for
order, and the desire of the plain
people of Europe to be rid of their
fascists, is to make the immediate
and permanent exile of 100,000 mem-
bers of the leading circles in Ger-
many one of our war aims; an act of
war, a part of the war, a condition
for bringing the wa rto an end.
It may be asked why I suggest
instant and automatie exile, in-
stead of trial and potential death
sentences. That is because I am
not impressed by our ravings and
fumings; I do not believe we ever
shall, or ever elate, methodically
kill 100,000 human beings in time
of peace. I ask that we stick to the
possible, and do it, rather than
reach for the impossible, and fail.
I ask that we dismantle, fascism
systematically, by socially tolerable
and socially permissible means, rath-
er than give ourselves the luxury of
dreaming up all manner of horrid,
violent ends for fascism, only to
come out of our own emotional stew
refreshed, purged and ready to let it
pass without really doing anything.
An Inseparable Part of the War
I know that the fascists of Ger-
many will be much more horrified
by a proposal for cool and methodi-
cal exile, as a condition of the armis-
tice, than by all the bloodthirsty de-
mands for "trials," "Justice," the gal-
lows, etc.
The military governor of an oc-
cupied area is entitled summarily
to remove dangerous persons from
regions under his control, and who
will say that a trial is necessary to
establish that a known fascist
functionary is a dangerous person?
A mere act of identification will
I also suggest that time will pass
for us, too, while it passes for the
people of Europe, as the spectacular
"trials" of the fascists are awaited.
There will be demands here for an
end to occupation, for bringing the
boys back home. Time will sharpen
our desire to get out of the mess by
any means at all, preferably an easy

one. W4Ve can avoid this dlang;er onl y
by making the destruct ion of the
fascist system the fihal battle of the
war, an inseparable part of the war,
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

. .2203
. . 2225
. .2235
. . 2003
. .1035
. .2082
.. 209
. .2013


Anti-Poll Tax Measure Is Deserving of Fair
Hearino on Floor of U. S. Senate Immediately

German Department Room Assign-
ments for final examinations, 2:00
to 4:00 p.m. Friday, Feb. 25:
German I-Gaiss (2 sections) &
Winkelman: 205 Mason Hall; Van-
Duren and Copley: 2225 Angell Hall;
Diamond, Reichart & Philippson:
35 Angell Hall; Eaton and Courant:
1035 Angell Hall.
German 2--Winkelman (2 see-
tions): 2003 Angell Hall; Gaiss, Phil-
ippson & Willey: 2054 Natural Sci-
German 3lall sections: D Haven
German 32-h4th sections: 3017
Angell Hall.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1944-1945, file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School
by Friday, Feb. 18, 1944. Those wish-
ing to renew previous requests
whether now receiving support or
not should so. indicate. Applications
forms will be mailed or can be ob-
tained at Secretary's Office, Rm.
1006 Rackham Building, Tel. 372.
Doctoral Examination for HarlandI
N. Cisney, Psychology; thesis: "The
Stability of Vocational Interest
Scores during the High School Peri-
od," West Council Room, Rackham
Building, 4:00 p.m. Chairman, C. H.
Griffitts, today.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might,
wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Francis
Joseph Donohue, Education; thesis:
"Public Funds for Catholic Schools:
a Study in the Development of
American Catholic Theory, Attitudes
and Practices," Thursday, Feb. 17,
East Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing, 2:00 p.m. Chairmanm A. B.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members

WITH the many immediate issues which have
been taking up the time of Congress recent-
ly, one vital matter has been almost forgotten
-the anti-poll tax bill.
Last year the Senate Judiciary Committee re-
ported this bill out and it can now come up
on the floor for debate and action at any time.
The House has already passed Rep. Vito Mar-
cantonio's H.R. 7 by an overwhelming vote.
With Senate approval, the bill is almost certain
to be come a law.
The importance of an anti-poll tax bill is
sometimes minimized today and the necessity
of bills which bear immediately upon the war
effort, maximized. This is a definite misplace-
ment of emphasis. While the immediate needs
of war-time legislation must come first, the
righting of the wrong which disenfranchises
10,000,000 American citizens can not be put off.
One important result of an anti-poll tax bill
is neglected by those who put expediency first.
The bloc of Southern Democrats, largely from
poll-tax states, forms a powerful reactionary in-
fluence in the Senate and House. For example,

petuated by the poll-tax system under which
they were elected by an average of ten per cent
of the people they represent, will be jeopardized.
Most important, though, their influence as a
powerful bloc for reaction will be diminished
when the 10,000,000 underprivileged citizens
whom they represent have 'an active part in
what they do.
10,000,000 Negroes and poor whites have
been deprived of their constitutional right to
the ballot by the poll tax. 10,000,000 service-
men may be denied the vote because the rep- i
resentatives from poll-tax states are nearly 100
per cent against a federal ballot. 20,000,000
citizens out of 130,000,000 deprived of the bal-
lot through the workings of poll-tax Senators.
Is that the kind of democracy we're fighting
for? --Kathie Sharfman

ence, 3:00 p.m. Chairman, A. F.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who foi sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
Social Studies 93: Final examina-
tion, Thursday, Feb. 17. 2:00-4:00/
p.m. Rm. 1025 A.H.
Seniors (Men and Women) in All
Departments of Engineering, and in
Chemistry, Mathematies and Physics:
Representatives of the National Ad-
visory ContOe for Aeronautics,
the Bureau of Aeronautlcs of the
Navy'Department and the U.S. Ci il
Serrvice Commissid wil be in Ann
Arbor all day' FridaY. eb. 1in. to


By Crockett Johnson

Won't it be kind of a dopey The spectators will
fight, Mr. O'Malley? ff Gus be outraged? W e' l

1 can't imgtin-e anything silier
. But I'll think of something ..

I I McSnoyd won't make himself
visible, I'll wave my magic wand,



. I

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