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February 12, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-12

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A N.,
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4aitM

Weather
Snow and Colder

VOL. lI.V No. 78i ANW ARBOR, IMICWWA N, SATURD3AY IFE. 14

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies Report Fierce Fighting at Anzio Beach
Senate Blocks Government Payment of Sub

ead;
i,dies

House Expected
To Approve Bill
Amendments
Immediate Veto by
President Roosevelt
Predicted at Capital
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-Shout-
ing down a compromise food stamp
plan and counter-proposals to relax
wage controls, the Senate approved
by a vote of 43 to 28 today a flat ban
against government payment of sub-
sidies to hold down consumer food
prices.
The measure now goes to the
House which is expected to approve
Senate amendments and send the bill
along to the White House where a
Presidential veto almost certainly
awaits it. The real test on contin-
uation of subsidies will come then on
the question of overriding Mr. Roose-
velt's veto.
As passed by the Senate, the bill
would ban payment of consumer sub-
sidies after June 30. Through such
payments, the government has "roll-
ed back" butter prices five cents a
pound and cut prices of some meats,
three or four cents a pound.
Other Commodities Affected
Other commodities under consum-
er subsidies, directly or indirectly, in-
clude coffee, flour and milk. Cur-1
rently, they are costing about $1,000,-E
000,000 a year..
The House approved a subsidy ban
last November by a vote of 278 tot
117-more than the two-thirds vote
required to override a veto. If Mr.t
Roosevelt rejects the bill, the ques-I
tion of overriding will be up to the
House first.
The. compromis 'ta mp plan" was
sponsored by Senators Aiken (Rep.,,
Vt.) and La Follette (Prog., Wis.)f
and argument over it consumed mostt
of today's session. They proposed
$500,000,000 a year expenditure on at
program whereby families with low
incomes would be given stamps good.
for food purchases--in effect subsid-
izing them but not persons of larger7
Income.
Rankhead Not Opposed
Senator Bankhead (Dem., Ala.),
leader of the Senate anti-subsidyI
bloc, said he had no objection to this1
proposal, but when put to a vote it1
was rejected, 46 to 29.c
In rapid succession then, the Sen-
ate rejected by a vote of 56 to 12 anI
amendment by Senator Pepper (Dem.,I
Fla.) which would have directed Pres- t
ident Roosevelt to relax wage con-
trols sufficiently to allow rises of 3
per cent above present maximums,
and, on voice votes, other Pepper<
amendments to increase government
pensions and benefits and authorize
wage increases to a "subsistence
level" without War Labor Board ap-
proval.
Democratic leader Barkley of Ken-
tucky opposed Pepper's proposal to
relax the wage formula.
McCormick Withdraws
Name from Primary
CHICAGO, Feb. 11.-(P)- Col.
Robert R. McCormick, editor and
publisher of the Chicago Tribune,
today withdrew his name from the
Illinois presidential preference pri-
mary.
The publisher's office reported a
letter containing a signed statement
of withdrawal had been sent to the
Secretary of State at Springfield.
Another letter, explaining his decli-
nation, was forwarded to William J.
Grace, secretary of the Republican
Nationalist Revival Committee.

Frankfurt S
Yank Fight
Liberators, Marauder
Air Force Blasts Tar
LONDON, Feb. 12, Saturday.-(JP)
- German hit - and - run raiders
dropped a few bombs on London
last night, killing some persons,
but from a military standpoint it
was a fizzle.
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 11.-The greatest
number of American fighter sorties
ever made from British bases was
flown today in support of another
mighty Flying Fortress smash at
Snow Brings
Forth Boots
And Ski Club
'01 Man Weather continues to out-
do himself in this matter of snow.
At 10 p.m. yesterday, the Univer-
sity observatory reported that 5.3
inches of snow was on the ground, .9
of an inch of this total having fallen
since 8 a.m. yesterday.
In fact, the Skiing Club thought
that enough snow had fallen to offer
enthusiasts an opportunity to utilize
Ann Arbor's facilities. The club call-
ed a meeting for today at 1 p.m. at
the Geddes Street entrance to the
Arboretum. Equipment may be ob-
tained at the WAB.
Busses Are Late
Greyhound Bus Line officials an-
nounced that few busses had been
morethan a half hour late on the Ann
Arbor-Ypsilanti-Detroit run. How-
ever, drivers have been complaining
that the roads are becoming exceed-
ingly icy, and they will probably have
trouble keeping on schedule. On the
other hand New York Central report-
ed that railroad traffic was improv-
ing. Very few trains, it was an-
nounced, have been more than 15
minutes late
Accident Reported.
One ma4or accident was reported
by the Sheriff's Office: a car driven
by Ralph Noble Tozer of Detroit col-
lided with a truck on U.S. 12, a short
distance from Ann Arbor.
The Associated Press weather re-
port stated that many of the state's
mail trains have been overdue, but
that most roads have been kept open.
Continued snow flurries are predicted
for lower Michigan today.
After due consideration, we advise
everyone to keep their galoshes on.
Japs Disregard
Atrocity Protest
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-(P)-The
Japanese government has adopted
an attitude of cold disregard for
American protests of its savagery
toward war prisoners. This became
apparent tonight as the State De-
partment revealed that Tokyo offi-
cially received its damning denunci-
ations and hasn't even bothered to
reply.
Undersecretary Edward R. Stettin-
ius told a news conference the Swiss
Government had confirmed delivery
of two messages of protest from
Secretary Hull to the Japanese.
The Tokyo Radio has said only
that the whole horror story-the
death march from Bataan-was a
fake, designed to life American mor-
ale and cover up American misdeeds.

)mashed by
r Planes
s Attack French Coast;
gets in West Germany

Wreckage Strews 'Typical Street Scene' in iHelsinki

Geinans Offer
Bitter Resistance
In Beach Battle
Hard Pressed Fifth
Army Attacks Nazis

Frankfurt and other targets in west-
ern Germany and renewed attacks by
Liberators and Marauders on the
coast of northern France.
Thirty-five enemy planes were des-
troyed during the day's big opera-
tions by the Americans and all but
three of them were victims of the
swarm of escorting fighters. Five
U.S. bombers and 15 fighters, one of
them British, were lost.
In describing the record workout by
Thunderbolts, Lightnings and Mus-
tangs the Army did not specify the
number of fighters in the air, but it
must have exceeded the 700 which
accompanied a record force of 800
bombers on the Jan. 29 attack on
Frankfurt, important manufacturing
and communications center of south-
west -Germany.
The increasing numerical strength
of American escort planes has been
particularly noticeable in the number
of kills credited to fighters on their
last few missions.
On Thursday's 450-mile strike at
Brunswick they destroyed 55 Nazi
interceptors, a record bag for a single
day, and in the last six major opera-
tions have accounted for 130 of the
177 enemy aircraft destroyed.
A Berlin broadcast tonight refer-
ring to the Brunswick attack said
American fighter escort was on an
unprecedented scale."
The U.S. daylight raiders, making
their second attack in four days on
the southwestern German metropolis,
encountered relatively weak fighter
opposition, but heavy flak, a com-
munique announced.
FBI Reveals
Eavesdroppin
Evidence Related at
Dreen-Thomas Trial
DETROIT, Feb. 11.-(lP)-Agents
of the Federal Bureau of Investiga-
tion related in federal court today of
eavesdropping through a secret aper-
ture in an apartment house wall to
hear conversations between Grace
Buchanan-Dineen and Dr. Fred W.
Thomas.
The FBI men, testifying as gov-
ernment witnesses in the espionage
conspiracy trial of Dr. Thomas, said
the aperture was cut in the wall of
Miss Buchanan-Dineen's riverside
apartment the day before she moved
there March 22, 1942.
From then until the arrests of
members of an espionage ring Aug.
23, 1943, the woman's apartment was
under day-to-day observation, said
Francis P. Parker, an FBI man. Miss
Buchanan-Dineen and five others
have pleaded guilty to espionage
conspiracy.
Wade H. Gans, also an FBI agent,
said that Dr. Thomas, a Detroit
obstetrician, and Miss Buchanan-
Dineen discussed an explosives man-
ufacturing plant in Ohio.
Convention Date Set
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-()-The
Democrats today selected Wednesday,
July 19, as the starting date for their
national Presidential nominating con-
vention in Chicago and chose a 39-
year-old Kentuckian, Paul A. Porter,
to head the party's 1944 publicity
drive.

This photo, supplied by a Swedish agency, shows a typical street scene in Helsinki after a Russian
raid the night before on the Finnish capital -AP W irephoto by Radio from Stockholm.

Washitenaw
County Lags
In Bond Drive
Washtenaw County is now about
a quarter of a million dollars short
of a $7,477,000 goal in the Fourth,
War Loan drive, which ends Tuesday.
E bond purchasers are still lagging
behind. Purchases of E bonds
throughout the country stand at
$2,283,126.75, andcthe quota is $2,-
790,000. The quota for other type
bonds has been passed.
Five Washtenaw communities, in-
chding Ann Arbor, are still short of
their E bond goal, although four-
Ypsilanti, Milan, Whitmore Lake and
Chelsea-have topped their quotas.
University "bond belles," who have
been responsible for about one-third
of University sales, were still working
yesterday to take orders and deliver
war bonds in spite of the blizzard
and snow drifts.
The commanding officer of Com-
pany A, Capt. George Spence, bought
almost $13,000 worth of war bonds
during the drive.
WSSF Drive
Is Continmed
The campus World Student Ser-
vice Fund campaign for textbooks to
be sent to prisoners of war all over
the world has moved into its sixth
day with receptacles placed in the
League, Union and International1
Center.
Sponsored by Pan-Hellenic, As-
sembly, the Union, Women's War
Council and the International Cen-
ter, the local drive will continue
through to the beginning of the
spring term to permit students to
donate this semester's books.
The book collection has become an
important part of the WSSF appeal.
During 1943 more than 6,000 books
were sent to imprisoned students in
the various theatres of war.
College textbooks can be in any
subject, and must be still in current
use, unless they are classics in their
field.-

HINES AND REVELLI:
Symphony and Swing' Show
To Be Presented Tomorrow

Final preparations have been'"com-
pleted for "Symphony and Swing"-
the newest show on the campus-
which will be staged at 3:15 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
Described as Michigan's musical
masterpiece, Symhony and Swing will
feature the Michigan Concert Band
in a program of select classical and
light classical numbers and Earl
World News
In rief..
By The Associated Press
Reds Capture Shepetovka,
LONDON, Feb. 11.-Soviet forces
in the Ukraine today captured the
rail junction and German bastion of
Shepetovka on lines leading into
Rumania, Hungary and old; Poland
while far to the east other Russian
troops compressed a besieged Nazi
force into an 16-mile-long strip 'of
territory near the middle Dnieper
River.
U.S. Needs Additional Oil
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-The
United States, President Roose-
velt said today, can no longer
depend on domestic oil wells for all
the petroleum it needs, and must
now turn elsewhere for additional
supplies.
- .', ,
Subs Destroy Jap Ships
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-Navy
submarines have destroyed anot)ier
dozen Japanese ships, a new trip-
hammer blow in the U.S. campaign
to wipe out enemy forces in "selec-
ted" spots and outflank them into
starvation elsewhere.
' ,. * .
Bombers Hit Wake Island
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD-
QUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR,
Feb. 11.-Coronado Bombers of
Fleet Air Wing Two struck Wake
Island for the second straight day
while warships of the Pacific fleet
and Army planes continued their
relentless pounding of Japanese-
held Marshall Islands.
Civilian Plane Crashes
MEMPHIS, Feb. 11.- A giant
American Airlines plane crashed into
the choppy Mississippi River last
midnight, carrying 24 persons to
their deaths in the worst blow to
civilian aviation since 1940.

"Father" Hines and his orchestra in
a symposium on swing.
The entire production is being
staged by a combined committee rep-
resenting the Union Council, The
Daily, the band organization, the
Bomber Scholarship Committee, all
cooperation with the University Mu-
sical Society.
Opening with the "Prelude and
Fugue in G minor," the concert band
under the baton of William D. Revelli
will feature a Salute to the Allies
and the finale from the New World
Symphony.
"Father" Hines, as this piano artist
has been known in the music world
for a number of years, is bringing his
whole musical organization including
his 28-piece orchestra with two feat-
ured vocalists and an ensemble.
Drawing on both old and new fav-
orites, Hines will include in his pro-
gram "My Heart Tells Me," "You Go
to My Head," and "Sunday, Monday
and' Always."
The proceeds of the show will all go
to the Bomber Scholarship Fund, a
stduent organization designed to pro-
vide financial assistance for Michi-
gan students when they return to
school.
Detroit Economic Club To.
Hear Dr. Ruthven Monday
"Leadership in the Oncoming Rev-
olution" will be the topic which Dr.
Alexander G. Ruthven will discuss
before the Economic Club of Detroit
at noon Monday.
The President will consider the
part education will play in preparing
students and adults for the post-war
world with all its problems. The
meeting of the club which he will
address will be held at the Book-
Cadillac Hotel.

During Deluge of Rains
By EDWARD KENNEDY
Associated Press Corrspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Feb. 11.-Attacking during
a wild storm that swept the battle-
field with deluges of rain, Fifth Army
troops fighting on the Anzio beach-
head were reported tonight to have
advanced slightly in fierce hand-to-
hand battles with the Germans In
the Carroceto area.
A dispatch from Norman Clark,
representing the combined British
Press, said the Allies, who had been
reported hard-pressed by numerically
superior German forces, "returned to
the attack this morning" and ad-
vanced in the Carroceto area during
the day.
GaledUproots Trees
When the attack began, Allied ar-
tillery laid down a heavy barrage
during a gale that reached hurricane
force, uprooting trees and accom-
panied by rain turning the country-
side into fields of mud
Clark said the Germans were offer-
ing bitter resistance "defying calls
of surrender and are only being
ousted by the grenade and bayonet."
Losses Heavy
Farther south in the Cassino bat-
tle area a dispatch from Associated
Press Correspondent Lynn Heinzer-
ling said American doughboys fight-
ing in rain, hail and sleet were inch-
ing their way up the hills overlook-
ing Cassino "in a gallant effort to
bring a quick end to the bloody
house-to-house fighting in the sham-
bles of Cassino below,' and to break
through to Highway 6, the road to
Rome in an effort to relieve the
hard - pressed Anzio beachhead
troops.
In the town itself American troops
were reported to have moved on-
ward slightly. Losses on both sides in
the bitter fighting were reported
heavy.
FDR Confirms
Allied Struggle
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.- P)-The
President's description of the surging
and bitter struggle for the Rome
Beachhead today as "very tense"
capped a series of less official indi-
cations that the Allied position there
is serious.
However, authorities here gave no
indication that they consider the
beachhead struggle hopeless. They
look for better weather to assist the
Allied cause although such hopes were
dashed temporarily today by news
that Allied warplanes in the area had
been grounded today by a blinding
rain storm.
During yesterday forenoon the
weather was clear, and Allied planes
over the embattled area were twice
as numerous as the previous day.
Moreover they met negligible enemy
aerial opposition.
But the Anglo-American forces are
clearly on the defensive, and there is
no disposition in Washington to min-
imize the chance that a hard blow
by the Nazis which succeeded in
breaking through the defense line,
could, with luck and power, cut the
beachhead into segments and might
even succeed in eliminating it.

INTER-GUILD SERVICE:
Church Groups To Observe
Annual World Day of Prayer

RELATED PROBLEMS TO BE CONSIDERED:
Recreational Workshop Will Meet in Rackham

More than 300 volunteer and pro-
fessional workers will convene here
today when the Southeastern Michi-
gan Recreational Workshop opens at
9 a.m. in the Rackham Building.
The all day program will deal with
various phases of recreation; Ross
Allen, of the physical education de-
partment, will start the day off with

taneously from 10:15 a.m. until noon.
Recruiting and training volunteer
leaders will be the topic for discus-
sion in the meeting to be held in the
West Conference Room. Section Two
will discuss music in relation to rec-
reation in the Assembly Hall. The
schedule for group physical activities
is: 10:15 a.m., college group, Water-

for discussion in the meeting in the
West Conference Room. Social rec-
reation demonstrations will be given
on the second floor of the Barbour
Gym. Demonstrations and discus-
sion of woodcraft and campcraft will
be given in section seven which is
scheduled to meet in Rm. 3043, Nat-
ural Science Building. The other

amphitheatre. A round table discus-
sion in the West Conference Room
will attempt to discover some an-
swers to operational problems in
youth centers.
R. C. McLaughlin, Assistant Chief
of the Division of Education, De-
partment of Conservation, will ex-
plain the recreation program for

Students representing seven Prot-
estant Church groups will attend the
annual World Day of Prayer to be
observed at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the
First Congregational Church.
Sponsored by Inter-Guild, this ser-
vice will bring together students,
servicemen and townspeople who be-
lieve there is a benefit to be gained
from united prayer.
"Prayer and the Real World," a

be held all over the world Feb. 20,
under the sponsorship of the World
Christian Federation.
All contributions received at the
service will be turned over to the
World Student Service Fund, which
is conducting a drive for textbooks
at the present time.
The program was planned by a
committee of students from different
r hiv,.r'k rrrni-Trnai.d in i~thei

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