THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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IdBy Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
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National Advertising Service, Inc.
420'MADISON AvE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO " Bo$TO" " LOS ANGELES "SAN FRANlCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
NEW YORK, Nov. 5.-I have a few more inci-
dental reflections brought about by the Moscow
Declarations, and I pass them on to you.
First, I think someone ought to stand up
somewhere and do a hushed little speech in
praise of the President as a politician. By
politician I mean craftsman. I refer to the
quality of skill at the trade of being President.
Mr. Roosevelt has let the opposition choke
itself on minor victories, -in order to win the
great one. He let Mr. Sumner Welles out of the
State Department, whereat American liberals,
including the present writer, set up a great
outcry against Secretary Hull, while American
-conservatives and anti-Russians and believers in
expediency promtly committed themselves to
Mr. Hull, in irrevocable terms. Now Mr. Hull
brings home an accord with Russia, and his
many new supporters on the right are, so to
speak, stuck with it.
NO WILSON, HE
The President is a past master at balancing
one national force against another in our domes-
tic controversies, and in seeming to let himself be
pushed and pulled in the direction in which he
wants to go. No American president can carry
on his trade successfully without having this
skill. It is a condition of being President of a
country such as ours that the President can
never have his own way; he can have only some
of it, and then only when a lot of other people
have also come to want it, and even to want more
than he does. In the case of working out an
accord with Russia, Mr. Roosevelt reversed the
technique which poor Woodrow Wilson used.
Mr. Wilson had an idea and tried to sell it to
a reluctant country. Mr. Roosevelt has let the
country be the Wilson; he has sat back, in seem-
ing reluctance, and let it sell him the idea.
If the above seems to convey a feeling of peni-
tence on the part of the present writer for the
tone (not the content) of some past remarks
concerning Presidential policy, that is not un-
WHERE IS EUROPE?
A second footnote on Moscow: The Moscow
Declarations leave Europe itself as a kind of
vacuum, a political hole in the ground, around
which the three great powers intend to stand
We are working out a solution for Europe.
But what is Europe? In addition to inventing
a plan for control of Europe, we would now
seem to have to invent a Europe.
What shall we be in control of, on the Con-
tinent? A congeries of dead and disarmed states?
A cemetery of nationalisms? An array of per-
That is romantic; it is romantically cruel, just
as the opposite idea, the instant creation of a
full-fledged United States of Europe is also ro-
mantics though romantically kind.
FROM THEM TO US
It seems to me that the President, and his
opposite numbers in Britain and Russia, are
avoiding ideal and romantic solutions; they are
letting pressure ripen, they are letting nature
take its course.
The clue is probably to be found in the
declaration on Austria. Austria's future will
be decided by the extent of her help to the
Allies. She cannot hope to have exactly the
same future if she sits inert, as she will have
if she rouses herself. Again the President (and
Churchill, and Stalin) are refusing to impose
an idea upon a country; they want the idea
to flow the other way; from the country to
them, to us. In time, from all of Europe, to us.
The conception is a great one. It applies truly
terrible pressure upon each country to resolve
its internal conflicts, and get down to the busi-
ness of liberation. It is an appeal for revolution,
but not a soft appeal, not an appeal in terms of
sweets and flowers.
Carried forward logically, this approach could
solve even the Yugoslavian civil war. If Yugo-
slavia wants that luxury, it can have it, at the
cost of remaining outside the great system. And
disputes which once seemed able to threaten
the future organization of the world are now
reduced to the dimensions of a border quarrel
between Arizona and New Mexico.
(Copyright,1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
(Editor's Note: The Daily, Union,
and League sponsored an all-campus
Share Your Smokes drive last spring
to purchase cigatettes for American
servicemen overseas, The following
are letters addressed to the student
body from men who received the cig-
The British Like 'Em . . .
THIS'student body' business is a
trifle confusing, not knowing the
University of Michigan. Faintly rem-
iniscent of some coeds I knew in S.
Africa once, but that's hardly to the
point; this was intended to let ydu
know that the carton of cigarettes
is being smoked and very much ap-
rThe British troops are perpetual-
ly short of cigarett~s, and as the
American boys have penty, we
find ourselves strapping them, or
making odd swaps'-for then. T-This
200 cost me 50 rounds of "32" pistol
ammunition, "given" to me by an
Italian at an earlier stage in the
A solitary member of the 1st Army
is not likely to interest you" very
much, so 'I will close down.
Lt. F. Iandley, R. A.
400th s/2Bty. R. A."
British H. A. Forces
A ECEIVED cigarettes O.,K. We all
appreciate gifts like cigarettes.
Sometimes they're pretty hard to get
over here. It helps to know that a
lot of 'fine people'in the States are
backing you tip and wishing'you luck.
Thanks to a fine cause and a fine
Sgt. Gregg 'E. Smith
APO 518 C/O Postmaster,
N. Y. C.
Smokes Click .. .
ONE OF THE things which will al-
ways click with soldiers is cigar-
ettes-thanks a lot for the ones you
sent, they are my brand. I'd like to
tell where I am and 'what I'm, doing,
but "military secret" Says no.
It. Alfred L. Tanz
444 Engr. Base Depot
APO 510 C/6, Post master
Team Is Boosted ..A
THANKS for the cigarettes you gave
us. I really appreciated 'em.
Haven't much room here, but if you doi
would care to write to a fellow from pre
your neighboring state. Minnesota. I ett
would be glad to answer some.ai
Looks like you've got the best foot-
ball team this year, with all the star
players you've got. I sure would like
to see you ;play.
Cpl. Jim E. Kelly
444 Eng. Base Depot Co.
APO 510 C/O P. M., N.Y.C.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
Betty Harvey . .
Molly Ann Winokur
. Editorial Director
.. . .City Editor
. . . Women's Editor
Ass't. Bus. Managers
Ass't. Bus. Managers
NIGHT EDITOR: EVELYN PHILLIPS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE OTHER VIEW:
Race Riots Pose Problem
Even Bigger Than Mayor'
THE DETROIT RACE RIOTS cannot be
blamed upon Mayor Jeffries.
This is contrary to the point of view posed by
Valerie Andrews in yesterday's Daily, but a close
scrutiny of the facts bear out this contention.
1) The bloody outbreak in Detroit last June
was a vent of a smouldering animosity that
has existed 'between Negroes and whites all
over the country, not only in Detroit.
2) The influx of Southern whites into De-
troit defense 'obs added 'coals to the flame.
Inasmuch as it is the inbred philosophy of
these particular whites to look down upon the
Negro, the situation 'was not helped.
The conditions were ripe, the stage was set
for the riot, and no human, much less a mayor,
could hlave forestalled the fighting.
The riots were indicative of the undemocratic
democracy that has always existed in America.
The Negro, being different from the majority,
was always looked down upon. 'The fact that the
hatred existed in the minds of many narrow-
minded people could not be changed by any city
IT CANNOT BE DENIED that Mayor Jeffries
did not act with the speed that this situation
demanded, but viewing the situation as it exist-
ed, no one can lay the blame to him.
Miss Andrews asks what positive action did
the Mayor take when he was warned of the un-
rest that existed.
Miss Andrews, what could the mayor have
done? Could he have put all Negroes in jail?
Should he have outlawed the Negro districts and
put them under quarantine?
The obvious answer is that nothing coud be
done at the time. The only remedy to the
situation is a constant program of education,
but the record shows that people still hold a
prejudice against the Negro notwithstanding
the 80 years of "progress" through which we
are supposed to have lived since the Civil War.
All of this does not mean to leave the impres-
sion that such outbre ks are inevitable and that
nothing can be done about them.
It is clear that if each and every individual
doesn't feel it his personal responsibility to cast
aside his bigoted feelings, these riots will be
The race situation is indicative of a bigger
problem of our stake in this war.'If America
continues to grow mouldy around its edges,
those striving for a better world among us will
be sadly disappointed at the lack of coopera-
tion America will give.
Can it be denied that the scope of the riots is
bigger than the city of Detroit, and that mal-
adjusted race relations can be blamed on one
W ITH a new mandate of confidence granted
him by the people of Detroit, Mayor Jeffries
has it within his grasp to begin a program that
can be a model to the nation and a boon to
A conscientious housing program with fair
way' - r
' 4 ,,
t' i f '., T- '
'Why shouldn't the fathers be happy? Think of the ,extra.
weat points they'"ll get:'
By DREW PEARSON
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON, Nov. 5.-Hard-boiled mem-
bers of the Diplomatic Corps whose countries'
lives hung in the balance at Moscow have now
microscopically examined the texts and come to
certain definite conclusions. These are:
1. Moscow achieved more than the diplomats
expected, but less than the window-dressing has,
now led the public to believe.
2. The word "finis" was written under the
Baltic states-Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia. Though
not mentioned in the texts, they will be taken
over by Russia.
3. Poland's future will depend entirely upon
how far it is willing to cooperate with Russia.
If it plays ball, Poland can live peacefully
beside Russia as a cooperating -Slav state.
If it doesn't play ball, it will be largely gobbled
4. Although no definite agreements were
reached on many things, machinery was orga-
nized for future agreement. This may be most
important of all.
Difficult problems have to be threshed out
gradually and the proof of the pudding is in the
Baltie States Disappear
Reading between the lines and piecing to-
gether the diplomatic grapevine reports leaking
back from Moscow, diplomats have arrived at
the conclusion that Stalin took exactly the same
stand regarding the Baltic states at Moscow as
he has in the past-that the Baltics were no
more up for discussion than is the return of
Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and California to
Mexico. The Baltic states, according to the
Soviet view, were carved out of the old Russian
Empire when she was prostrate and helpless dur-
ing the last war, and were deliberately con-
structed by British imperialists in order to shut
Leningrad off from the sea.
Stalin has made it clear that he would no
more permit foreign states along the Gulf of
Finland than we would permit small indepen-
dent republics to be set up in Connecticut and
Long Island guarding the entrance to New
As reported in this column in the Spring of
1942, Molotoff secured an agreement from the
British at that time for the return of the Baltic
states and one-half of Poland to Russia. But the
United States objected. Diplomats now conclude
that' at Moscow, Secretary Hull withdrew that
objection and fell back on the U. S. declaration
at Riga of April 6, 1922, when the Baltic states
were first recognized. It was then said:
"It is entirely possible or even probable that
sometime in the indefinite future these so-called
states may once again become an integral part
Poland's Position ...
JMost significant portion of the Moscow pacts,
and the only one signed by Stalin, Roosevelt and
Churchill, was regarding punishment for atro-
Buried in the text of this agreement is an
insignificant-appearing, but nevertheless most
important statement that "Germans who 'take
part in wholesale shootings of Polish officers ...
will be brought back to the scene of their crimes,"
This settles once and for all the question
which has bitterly disturbed Russian-Polish
relations, namely the massacre of 10,000 Polish
officers at Smolensk,' and the Polish-German
claim that actually they were massacred by
Russians. Roosevelt and Churchill now have
signed their names to 'a declaration which:puts
the blame squarely on the Nazis and leaves
no more room for argument.
The fact that this one pact was singled out
above all the. others for the signature of Stalin,
Roosevelt, and Churchill indicates the impor-
tance the Russians attached to it. This, plus the
fact that the British had already agreed in 1942
to restore Russian Poland to Poland, is viewed by
diplomats to mean that Poland's future is largely
up to her ability to keep on friendly terms with
(Continued from Page 2)
Rock, Elizabeth Rogers, L. Sonnen-
berg, Esther A. Sfnith, Harris Ver
Approved Organizations, which
wish official recognition' for the year
1943-44, should submit lists' of offi-
cers on blanks provide ' by the Dean
of Students. Unless an organization
submits such a list it will be consid-
ered inactive for' the year.
Fraternities and Sororities, both
general and professional, should se-
cure membership blanks from the
Dean of Students at' once on which
to list active members and pledges
for the Fall Term. These lists should
be made out as of Nov. 1. 'Blanks will
be mailed upon request.
Junior and Senior Women inter-
ested in a position on' the Womien's
Judiciary Co timclill be 'able'to turn
in -petitions until noon, Saturday,
November 6, in the Undergraduate
Office of the League. Sign up for
time' of interview 'when handing in
petition. Interviewing will be Mon-
day and Tuesday, Nov. 8 and 9, 4'5
Sign-Out Sheets and Composite
Sheets summarizing the week's data
must be turned in to the :Undergrad-
uate Office of the League every Mon-
day by 5:00 p. m.
Girls Co-operative Houses still have
vacancies. If interested in rooming
and boarding, make application for
membership through Beulah Horo-
witz from 9 to 12 Satuiday'morning,
or Roberta Chatkin from 3 -to 5 Sun-
day afternoon, at 816 Forest. Phone
University Lecture: Professor Rus-
sell C. Hussey, of the Department of
Geology, will lecture on the' subject,
The Parade of the Dinosaurs,"
(illus.) in the kackham ' Amphithe-
ater on Wednesday, 'Nov. 10, at 7:45
p. m. under the auspices of the Phi
Sigma Society. The public is cor-
University Lecture: Dr. Eugene R.
Kellersberger, forner ,medical mis-
sionary in the Belgian Congo, will
lecture on the subject. "Trypanoso-
States. The test, which will require examinations in French and German
about two hours, will be given in Ann for the doctorate will be held ti4y
Arbor in the Rackham Lecture Hall at 4:00 p. m. in the Rackham A iii-
from 3 to 5 p. m. theatre. Dictionaries may be u~ed'
Any student planning to enter a
medical school and who has not pre- Psychology 207 will meet for o ga-
viously taken the Aptitude Test ization today at 4:00 p. m.' in
should do so at this time. You are 2127 Natural Science Bldg.
requested to be in your seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you two well- History 11, Lecture Group II, ; -
sharpened pencils. tion 5, will meet in room 122', eln.
The fee of $1.00 is payable at the instead of in room 104Ec.
Cashier's Office through Nov. 4. Preston W. Si sson
C. S. Yoakum
History 11, Lecture Group I, See-
Program in Regional Administra- tion 4 will meet in room 18 A. H.
tion and Reconstruction in the Divi- Wednesdays and Fridays at 9:04.
sion for Emergency Training-Course A. E. I. oak
303--Seminar in Middle Europe. In-
tensive study of certain aspects of a history 179 will not meet toy
region within the la'ger area of Mid- D4 nd
dle Europe and of the life of the peo-
ple living therein. T'he seminar is
designed to follow the course 203 C
(Survey and Analysis of Middle Eu-
rope) which was given during the Cleveland Orchestra Concert:j The
summer term. This course may be Cleveland Orchestra, Eric Leidolf,
elected by those who were enrolled in Conductor, will play the following
Course 203 and by graduate students program in the first Choral dJnion
and seniors who are majoring in one Concert, Sunday, Nov. 7, at 9 ;m.:
of the social sciences and who have Bach Chorale, "O Haupt voll IBlut
adequate background, with the ap- und Wunden"; Schubert Symphony
proval of their advisers, of the in- in C, No. 7; Siegfried's Rhine Jo yney
structor, and of a representative of from "Gotterdamnierung" by Wag-
the Division for Emergency Training. ner; and "Porgy and Bess", A yn-
Tuesday, 7-9, Hostie. Room 308 Li- phonic Picture, by Gershwin.
brary. This concert will be broadcast over
First meeting Tuesday. November 9. the Mutual System. 'The audience
should arrive promptly as there will
To all male students in the College be no opportunity to be admitted
of Literature, Science, and the Arts: after the concert starts.
By action of the Board of Regents, Tickets are on sale at the offices of
all male students in residence in this the University Musical Society, Bur-
College must elect Physical Educa- ton Memorial Tower, daily except
tion for Men. This action has been Sunday. On Sunday, Nov. 7, the bpx
effective since June, 1943, and will office in Hill Auditorium will be open:
continue for the duration of the war. from 2 to 5 and after 7 on the eve-
Students may be excused from ' ning of the concert.
taking the course by(1)The Uni- Charles A. Sink, President
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his representa- E Ivents Today
tive, (3) The Director of Physical, ,
Education and Athletics. The Angell Hall bseirvatory will
Petitions for exemption by tu be open to the public "from 8:00 to
dents in this College should be ad- 10:00 this evening if the sky is 'lcar
dressed by freshmen to Professor or nearly clear. The moon wit be
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the shown thru the telescopes. Children
Academic Counsellors (108 Mason must be accompanied by adults.
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell Zeta Phi Eta officers'. eting
Hall.) today at 3:30 p. in. in the Chapter
Except under very extraordinary room.
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third The Hillel Foundation will hold its
week of the Fall Term. regular Friday evening service at
ABDICATION OF KING VICTOR:
BPdoglw Wold Be Adrantageous toAlies in
Present Crisis, but Not After Germans Are Out
A FEW WEEKS AGO Marshal Badoglio was
asking the Italian peoples to rally around
King Victor Emmanuel, but suddenly he is clam-
oring for the abdication of the 74-year-old mon-
arch, and has decided that he cannot forn a
unified government with King Victor in the way,
has been rumored that Badoglio fears that he
will be asked to resign if the King does not
abdicate in favor of a new government consist-
ing exclusively of staunch liberals, and equally
The -abdication of King Victor and the