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February 02, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-02

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440

itV 43111

I&,, 4

WFeather
Light Rain

VOL. LIV No. 9 ANN ARBOR., MICIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 2, 1944T

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yank

Forces

Invade

Heart of

Marshalls

- -*

Allied TroopsI
Smash into
Campoleone
Rail Center, 16 Miles
Fronm IRomie, Supplies
Southern Nazi Army
. By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
ITALY, Feb. 1.-Reinforced Ameri-
can and British troops, striking out
in their first major offensive since
the landing on the Anzio beaches 10
days ago, have fought into the out-
skirts of Campoleone, only 16 miles
southeast of Rome on the main
coastal rail line supplying German
forces on the lower Fifth Army front,
headquarters announced today.
As the Nazis rushed more troops
from northern Italy to oppose the Al-
lied drive-now approximately half-
way to the Eternal City from the
landing beaches-American infantry
and armor lunged within a half-mile
of the strongly-fortified rail and
road junction of Cisterna, guarding
the Appian Way at a point 24 miles
from Rome.
Describing the drive against Field
Marshal Albert Kesselring's lines of
communications between the two It-
alian fronts, the German High Com-
mand said the Allies "continued their
heavy attacks toward the north and
northeast," and declared that the Al-
lied thrusts "collapsed in heavy
fighting."
With the capture of both Campo-
leone and Cisterna, the Allies would
effectively sever rail and highway
traffic between Rome and the main
Fifth Army front except by an inland
route-via Casilina-which already
must be burdened with Nazi trans-
port. Fully awake to the threat of
losing the Appian Way, the enemy
was resisting fiercely at Cisterna.
Thomas Denies
Conspiring for
Nazi Germany
DETROIT, Feb. 1-QP)-Defending
himself against a charge that he
conspired to spy for Nazi Germany,
Dr. Fred W. Thomas testified in a
federal courtroom crowded to over-
flowing with curious spectators to-
day that his dealings with Miss
Grace Buchanan-Dineen, confessed
leader of a Detroit spy ring, were
purely professional.
Miss Buchanan-Dineen had testi-
fied, as a government witness, that
her calls on the accused Detroit phy-
sician were for the purpose of gath-
ering information of military value
for transmission to Germany.
Dr. Thomas denied, one by one,
each of her statements tending to
connect him with operations of the
spy ring. He denied she was intro-
duced to him as a secret agent of
Germany, that he knew she would
use prescriptions he gave her to man-
ufagture invisible ink with which to
prepare reports transmitted to Ger-
many, or that he supplied her with
information she said she sought.
Dr. Thomas testified he first met
Miss Buchanan-Dineen when she
was brought to his office Nov. 1, 1941,
by Mrs. Theresa Behrens, another of
those indicted who pleaded guilty.
Outlining the story of his life, he
said that during five years at the
University of Michigan he paid his
expenses by working at "everything
from preaching in the Methodist
Church to bricklaying."
Doctor Graduated

From University
Dr. Fred W. Thomas, now on trial
in Detroit for espionage, graduated
from the University Medical School
in 1926.
While on campus he was chairman
of the honor committee and the Stu-
dent Council as well as class treas-
ue.°.. Dr. Thomas was affiliated with
Alpha Kappa Kappa and Galens
which he joined in is junior year.
Prisoner Escapes
From County Farm
Washtenaw County law enforce-
ment officials are still looking for
Oliver Jenkens, who escaped from

U.S. Marines,

Whose Units Fight ii M arshalls, Guard Wounded Buddies in Battle for Bougainuville

-w

STATUTE MILESo

WAKE
Pacific cean
MARCULLS
GAM ENIWETOK
CAROLINE ISLANDS..WOT1E
RUK KWAJALEIN .. -AMALOELAP
PONAPE:LI--
GILBER T
ADMIRALTY IS
NAURU
"abau) NEW IRELAND
_NE- OUGAINVILLE
GUNEA J EN ML
GUINEA SOLOMON
AN . NISLANDS
GUADALCANALP MANTA CRU
-V

I

Striking at the very heart of Japan's hold on the Marshall Islands, American troops have landed on
Kwajalein atoll (see map above right) and have esta blished beachheads near the powerful Japanese bases
on Roi and Kwajalein islets. Heavy sea and air atta cks preceded this first invasion of pre-war Japanese
territory. Kwajalein has an excellent harbor and sea plane and submarine bases. The picture above shows
how in the Marine operation behind enemy lines on Bougainville, casualties were brought down to the
beach accompanied by squads of riflemen as protec tion from sudden Jap attack.

pi

ANDERSON COMMENT:
New Lit College Election for
V-Ba.ll To Take Place Today

A new election to choose three
representatives from thesLiterary
College for V-Ball to be held March
3, will take place from 9 a.m. to 4
p.m. today in the corridor of Univer-
sity Hall.
The new election was made neces-
sary after the Men's Judiciary Com-
mittee Monday night found "irregu-
larities" in last Friday's election and
removed the names of Harriette
Wiltsee and Allan H. Anderson from
the ballot.
Anderson Makes Statement
Miss Wiltsee's statement appeared
in yesterday's Daily. Allan Anderson,
who could not be reached for com-
ment before press time Monday, said
last night:
"I had heard . . . that certain
irregularities were going on at the
election booth. I went over to Uni-
versity Hall in order to find out
whether the reports were true and
found that ballots were being handed
out promiscuously.. . by the girl who
was the election official at that hour.
"Also students were being told that
they must vote for three candidates
or their ballots would not be accep-
ted. Wanting a fair election, I told
the girl that these practices were
illegal and in the process told her
who I was. After seeing to it that
the proper authorities were being
informed, I remained at the election
booth to prevent any further occur-
rence of the above malpractices until
proper action was taken.
Claims Extenuating Circumstances
"That was why I was at the elec-
tion booth, and what I did then was
wrongly construed as being illegal
electioneering.
"I was at the booth, and I realize
that it is a iolation of the Judiciary
'Symphony and
Swing' Tickets
To Go on Sale
General ticket sales for Michigan's
latest innovation-Symphony and
Swing-will begin Friday in Univer-
sity Hall, the League, the Union, and
in local bookstores.
"Symphony and Swing" will be
held Sunday, Feb. 13 in Hill Audi-
torium and will feature the "sym-
phony" by the University concert
band and "swing" by Earl "Father"
Hines and his orchestra.
The 'U' Hall booth will be open
from 8 a.m. to noon and from 1:30
p.m. to 4 p.m. while both the Union
and League will sell tickets uring
the noon hour and afternoon Friday.
A special sale for servicemen sta-
tioned in both the East and West
Quadrangles will be held during noon
mess Monday, Wednesday and Fri-
day of next week.
All the proceeds of this afternoon
program of music will be given to the
Bomber Scholarship Fund which has

Committee rules, even though my
purpose for being there was an hon-
est one . . . I want the campus as a
whole to know that I was not in-
volved in any fraud or dishonest
practices designed to manipulate the
election for myself."
Judiciary Committee Rules
Judiciary Committee rules which
shall govern today's election include:
1.) No electioneering shall take
place within 50 feet of the ballot box.
This applies to candidates and rep-
resentatives of candidates.
2.) Voters must present identifica-
tion cards, which must be punched.
3.) Voters may vote for three, but
need only yote for one, candidate.
The names of Doris Jean Coleman,
Patricia Coulter, Marjorie Rosmarin,
Stan. Wallace and Bette Willemin
will appear on the ballot.
Russian Army
Takes Frontier
Railway Station
LONDON, Feb. 2, Wednesday.-(P)
-The Red Army has captured the
frontier railway station of Kingisepp
(Yamburg) and has driven to the
Estonian border in steady advances
along a 50-mile front from the Baltic
to Lake Samro, Moscow announced
today.
More than 2,000 Germans were
killed and quantities of war material
-still being counted-were scooped
up in the westward drive by Gen.
Leonid A. Govorov's Leningrad front
troops, said the midnight Moscow
bulletin recorded by the Soviet moni-
tor from a broadcast.
In addition to taking Kingisepp, a
Russian customs station seven miles
east of the pre-war Estonian border,
the Russians crossed the Luga River
to capture Keikino, seven miles north-
east of Narva,
Dispute Ends
At Willow Run
DETROIT, Feb. 1.-('P)-Two dis-
putes that affected production in
Ford Motor Company plants ended
today.
Production of center wing bomber
assemblies in the Willow Run plant
was resumed about noon, after more
than900 workers had lft their work
to demonstrate in support of a de-
mand for a ten-cent hourly wage in-
crease. The demand is to be submit-
ted to the Regional War Labor
Board.
Quake Devastates
Town in Turkey
R 1TY1 "x -l, 'M-1,f11P

Molotov's Plan
Is Adopted by
Supreme Soviet
16 Republics To Have
Control over Foreign
Affairs, Own Army
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Feb. 1.-The Supreme
Soviet (Russian parliament) adopted
unanimously tonight a proposal by
Foreign Commisar Vhacheslav Molo-
tov giving the 16 individual repub-
lics within the Soviet Union their
own Commissariats of National De-
fense and Foreign Affairs with the
right to raise their own army forma-
tions and deal directly with other
countries.
This history-making reconstruc-
tion of the Soviet Union, the first
since the adoption of the constitu-
tion in 1936, was achieved after a
four-hour debate.
The Supreme Soviet also elected
Nikolai Shvernik, secretary of the
trade unions, as First Vice Chairman
of its Presidium, an office amounting
to vice president of the country. His
name was proposed by President Mi-
chael Kalinin.
The reorganization was described
as constituting further progress to-
ward the settlement of problems of
the numerous nationalities in the So-
viet Union by permitting each repub-
lic to satisfy its own requirements.
Davies Praises
Action of Soviet
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla., Feb. 1.
-(k)-Joseph E. Davies, former Un-
ited States Ambassador to Russia,
said here tonight that the action of
the Supreme Soviet, in giving the 16
Soviet Republics their own Commis-
sariats on national defense and for-
eign affairs, should commend itself
to the democratic nations of the
world as an indication of their dis-
position and intention to develop
along the lines of further democratic
processes.
"It is a definite contribution by the
highly centralized government of the
Soviets to the independence and the
sovereignty of the individual states,"
Davies asserted.
"This action should commend it-
self to the democratic nations as
further proof, if that were needed, of
the good faith and sincerity of the
Soviet Union in their attitude toward
democratic liberties and freedom."
Men's Judiciary
Posts Are Open
Petitioning for president and sec-
retary of Men's Judiciary Council
will begin today and all petitions

House Rejects Roll Call
On Federal Ballot Bill
Action Foreshadows Passing of Measure
Which FDR Has Declared Impractical

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.-(/P)-ByY
a vote of 233 to 16, the House decided
today against a roll call vote on the
question of a federal ballot for those
in uniform, thus rejecting President
Roosevelt's demand that Congress
"stand up and be counted" on the
issue.
The decision foreshadowed prob-
able House approval tomorrow of a
measure leaving the whole question
of soldiers' voting to the state-a
Not a Party Issue?
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. - P) -
Here is the way Michigan Con-
gressmen voted today when the
House decided against a roll call
ballot on the question of a federal
ballot for servicemen:
Republicans against - Bennett,
Blackney, Crawford, Dondero, En-
gel, Hoffman, Michener, Shafer,
Woodruff.
Republican for-None.
Democrats against-Dingell.
Democrats for-Lesinski, O'Brien,
Rabaut, Sadowski.
Bradley and Wolcott, both Re-
publicans, were listed as paired
against the proposal.
procedure which Mr. Roosevelt has
declared is impractical and will mean
millions of those in uniform will have
no chance to cast ballots.
Opponents of a federal ballot deny
this is true, and the argument, as
wellas today's House vote, promises
to carry over into the election.
The specific question before the
House was whether to adopt a special
rule requiring a roll call vote on a
federal ballot bill which Rep. Worley
(Dem., Tex.) will offer later as a
substitute for the "states rights"
measure reported by the House elec-
tions committee.
On the division, 18 Republicans,
52 Democrats and one minor party

member voted against the rule. For
it were 146 Democrats, 11 Republi-
cans and three minor party members.
Fifty of the Democrats who voted
against the roll call are from the
South, one (Elliott) from California,
and the 52nd (Disney) from Okla-
homa.
In general they favor the "states'
rights" bill now before the House and
those taking the opposite position
are for the proposed federal ballot.
But some Democrats and Republi-
cans as well explained that their
votes were in line with the tradition
of upholding old-line standing com-
mittees. The House Rules Committee
had recommended against a special
vote on the federal ballot plan..
Japs Repulsed
At New Guinea
Allied Control Extends
To 150-Mile Coastline
ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD-
QUARTERS, NEW GUINEA, Feb. 2,
Wednesday-(P)-Disclosure that Al-
lied control of Dutch New Guinea's
south coast extends 150 miles beyond
the Papuan border was contained to-
day in a headquarters report that
Dutch and Australian soldiers had
smashed an attack of barge-borne
Japanese.
Japanese were defeated Monday in
an attack on an Allied post at the'
mouth of the Eilanden River, which
is about 600 miles west and north of
Port Moresby. Months ago, com-
muniques sometimes referred to Jap-
anese plane raids on Merauke, which
is not far from the Dutch New Guin-
ea-Papuan border but the Allied line
northwest of Merauke never had
been specified.

M~arines,
Soldiers in
Landings
Japanese Say Crack
Imperial Units Putting
Up Fierce Defense
By CHARLES H. McMURTRY
Associated Press Correspondent
PEARL HARBOR, Feb. 1.-Ameri-
can amphibious forces have invaded
the very heart of Japan's fiercely-
defended mid-Pacific Marshall Is-
lands.
Marines and soldiers landed on
Kwajalein atoll, establishing beach-
heads near the powerful Japanese
bases on Roi and Kwajalein islets.
The invasion units struck yester-
day, two years to the day after the
first American offensive action in
the Pacific-a hit and run raid on
the same islands.
Defending forces, described by
Tokyo radio as "the best imperial
units," were putting up fierce opposi-
tion, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an-
nounced in a brief communique to-
day. But indications were that Amer-
ican casualties so far have been mod-
erate.
Air Blows Precede Attack
This first bold move into pre-war
Japanese territory was preceded by
heavy air attacks and ship bombard-
ment. For three days carrier and
land-based planes rained hundreds
of explosives on enemy air fields and
ground defenses.
Our carrier-based planes which
smashed at key bases in the Marshall
Islands last Saturday and Sunday
probably destroyed 113 Japanese
planes, Admiral Nimitz said in a
press release. The biggest enemy'
loss was at Roi Island in DwajaleIp
atoll, where 18 planes were shot dowm
and 51 were bombed and machine-
gunned on the ground.
Army and Navy planes had struck
at the Marshalls daily since Jan. 5,
and almost daily since mid-Noei-
ber.
Sea Armada Defies Guns
Battleships, cruisers and destroy-
ers, forming history's greatest sea
armada, joined in the battle Sunday.
They sailed close in, defying Japa-
nese shore guns that may have sur-
vived the aerial pounding, and laid
down a terrific bombardment.
Presumably the ship barrage and
drumf ire bombing sent the defenders
cringing into their underground po-
sitions. Strong defenses, both above
and under ground, were expected as
the enemy had nearly a quarter of a
century in which to build them.
American Marines and infantry
took to their landing boats after the
ship barrage had reached its height.
They crashed the beaches of islands
adjacent to Roi and Kwajalein islets
of Kwajalein atoll. Roi, at the north-
ernmost tip of the atoll, was the site
of one of the enemy's better airfields.
Kwajalein islet is at the southern tip
of the atoll.
Harmon Will
Report on War
Front Today
Lt. Tom Harmon, now in Ann Ar-
bor on leave after service /in the
North African and Chinese theatres
of war, will speak at 7:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium on the general
topic, "The War Front Reports to the
Home Front."
Spsonsored by the Post-War Coun-
cil, Harmon's lecture will deal with
the attitude of the boys overseas to-
wards our home war effort-what the

average GI soldier is fighting for.
Since his return from the war front,
Harmon has come out in support of
a federal ballot for service voting in
1944. In his speech he will enlarge
on his statement to the Ballots for
the Armed Forces Committee that
"The boys over there think they
should be allowed to elect their rep-
resentatives here."
In keeping with the spirit of the
speech, war bonds and stamps will be
sold at the door both before and aft-
er the lecture. Although there will
be no admission charge Elizabeth
Hawley, '44, executive secretary-
treasurer of the Post-War Council,
has urged that all who attend con-
sider one war stamp the price of ad-
mission. Deborah Perry, chairman
of JGP, is in charge of the sale of

LAST OPPORTUNITY:
Women's Marine Corps Booth
In League Will Close Today

The opportunity for University
women to talk with Sgt. Merry Mc-1
Carraugh and Sgt. Ruth M. Lange
of the Marine Corps Women's Re-
serve will end at 6 p.m. today when{
the information booth set up in the
lobby of the Michigan League will
close.
There are 14,700 women Marines+
at the present time; and if the goal
of the enlistment drive is reached,
there soon will be 18,000 enlisted per-
sonnel and 1,000 officers. This spe-

Officer candidates receive their
training at Camp Lejeune, New
River, N.C.; where enlisted personnel
are also trained. Upon completion
of a two-months' course they are
commissioned as officers.
"While at Camp Lejeune," Sgt-
McCarraugh continued, the women
are interviewed by a personnel offi-
cer about the type of work they
would like to do upon graduation.
You are given two choices of things
you'd like to do. If your choice lines
up with previous education, experi-

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