""HE MICHIGCAN DAILY
SUNDAY. .AN. 30. 1944
.,r .. . w.vY ..vsa
Harmon Lauds Chinese
War Spirit, Friendliness
Chinese Women March to Front with First Aid Equipment
'King's English' I 4ani m rIniain
By DORIS PETERSON
"The first thing I did when I got
back to this country was to get a
malted milk," said Lt. Tom Harmon
in an interview in his home yesterday
"From the time I left the states
until I returned I didn't taste milk
All the cows in China are used as
beasts of burden.
"People in China are probably the
most wonderful people in the world.
They have a spirit which Americans
should really take to heart and fol-
low. The people are very poor, but
they are willing to do anything for
American fliers," he said.
Harmon Offered Son
"One Chinese woman offered me
her son. She wanted me to take him
along with me to wait on me and was
very hurt when I couldn't accept.
All the people in China are willing to
do anything for the American fliers.
They act as if we are fighting their
war for them.
"Nobody in the world will ever
be able to beat the spirit of the
Chinese people. If the Americans
had that much spirit, the war
would be over in six months," Tom
"Michigan is really God's country
and Ann Arbor is a very special part
of it. No one can imagine how won-
derful it is to be back.
"We heard over in China that
there were three coeds to every man
here. You should have seen the boys
react to that. We didn't have any
entertainment over there for several
months. After that time we started
having movies about every two weeks.
We didn't have any cigarettes either
for about three months after we got
over there. We used to smoke any-
thing we could get our hands on-
even Chinese cigarettes, and when
someone sinks to that, you can tell
what a shortage there was.
"About the only entertainment we
had was the one time that Joe E.
Brown came. He did a splendid job
of entertaining the men," Tom said.
Santa Claus Stopped
Harmon didn't get any Christmas
presents this year. It seems that a
torpedo stopped Santa Claus. One
present which had been addressed to
Africa got there just before he came
back to America.
A recent letter which Tom re-
ceived from one of his old football
buddies said, "You might have
nine lives but I wish you wouldn't
try to prove it."
When Tom was a student here, he
was a Phi Delta Theta. One of his
fraternity brothers, Reed Low, '37,
arrived in Ann Arbor Friday night.
He came all the way from Buffalo
just to see Tom. "I was surprised to
see how well he looked, but I was
shocked by the state his legs were
According to Reed, Tom plans to
meet Elyse Knox, his Hollywood
sweetheart, in Chicago on Monday.
"One thing about Tom that few peo-
ple know is that he pitched a no-hit,
no-run game while in high school at
"It is really wonderful to have
Tom home again," his mother said.
"I only wish that I could have him
to myself for a few minutes."
On his way home Tom picked up
a black cocker spaniel at Greenville,
S.C. He also has a brown spaniel.
When asked about the Chinese
guerrillas who had gotten him out of
the country, Tom said that it was
impossible for him to say anything at
all about these people.
Lt. Webb Praises Guerrillas
"It's guys like Tom who deserve all
the credit for the fighting that's
being done. He kept up his courage
when the odds were great," Lt. Bert
Webb of Ann Arbor, who knew Har-
mon in Ann Arbor before the war,
said yesterday. Lt. Webb is the vet-
eran of 80 bombing missions and over
300 combat hours.
"The guerrillas in China are doing
a wonderful job, as can be seen from
the way they helped Tom.
"The guerrillas give all our fliers a
feeling of hope. They make you feel
that even if you're shot down behind
enemy lines, there still is some hope
for you. It is ,really amazing how
tmany men they help back.
"When a soldier is shot down, they
are often beside him in a very short
time. After they once get to him, they
disguise him in an old Chinese uni-
form and then won't let him out of
their sight even when he's eating and
sleeping, until he has been returned
to his base," Lt. Webb said.
Guerrillas Aid Americans
"These guerrilla fighters are really
a group of professional fighters. They
spend all their time picking up Amer-
ican soldiers who are downed behind
Jap lines and returning them to
safety. Often they have been known
to pass within less than 50 yards of
Jap camps. They have managed to
return soldiers who have landed 50 to
60 miles behind enemy lines.
"All the guerrilla fighters in
China are not of this type. There
are many who spend their days at
jobs and carry on their guerrilla
activity at night. The man who
houses an American soldier might
work in his rice paddy during the
day, and not meet with the other
guerrillas until after dark. These
people are very clever. They some-
times smuggle our fighters out
under the very noses of the Japa-
"We American aviators in China
never stop thanking our lucky stars
for them. They give us hope that, no
matter what happens, we still have a
chance to get back to the base safe-
ly," he added.
Lt. Webb has received the Air
Medal and the Distinguished Flying
Cross. He has on his record the
destruction of three Japanese mer-
chant ships and direct hits on impor-
tant Japanese land installations. Al-
though the plane in which he was
flying was often shot up, he has
never been wounded and has never
had to bail out.
Enlarged Co. A
Has New Leader
From almost eighty applicants a
reorganized and enlarged Co. A chor-
us is being selected. The Company
A Choir, which made its first hit with
local audiences in the Company show
"Nips in the Bud," was organized by
the soldiers with the encouragement
of Capt. George G. Spence, Com-1
manding Officer. Under the direc-1
tion of Bill Sawyer, the group estab-i
lished its popularity by successive
concerts in Hill Auditorium, out ofI
town morale performances, and a
series of broadcasts over a Michigani
radio network. In coming months
the Choir will specialize on selections
of well-loved American music.
The new group is being very care-
fully chosen, and will receive fur-1
ther training from Cpl. Joseph M.I
Running, formerly member of theI
Music Faculties of Stanford Univer-1
sity and of St. Olaf's College, who has
also directed the Choir in the past
six months. His appointment to mu-
sical directorship makes the person-
nel exclusively soldier-chorus and1
These Chinese women serve as first aid workers. Though they have inadequate training and inad-
equate equipment, they do not lack courage. They carry on their work right under enemy fire. Often
these girls give their lives in their fight for freedom.
Road Turied into Tank Trap by (hiese Volunteer Workers
New Vocabulary Is
By L. V. CHABALA
The Army is forever finding newv
names for different characters and
situations. Such words as goldbrick,
yardbird, and GI are examples of this
sort of thing. However, there is still
another language originating in Ar-
my groups-the unintelligible vocab-
ulary used by our good friends, the
Let us analyze the command "For-
ward March." Sgt. Roe, of George
Washington's regulars, in telling his
men to enter the boats that carried
them across the Delaware, probably
said, "Forward March." But through
the years, Sgt. Roe's descendants
have boiled this command down to
something more easily understood.
We now hear "Forward Ha," or more
simply, "Foh huh." (The latter syl-
lables of these commands are pro-
nounced by grunting, or merely
blowing the nose.)
Let's listen in on a formation,
where the roll is being taken. In-
stead of saying, "Platoon all present
and accounted for," sarge says some-
thing more like this: "Toonawpreson-
cowfo." We must admit it sounds
awfully snappy, but who knows what
Another matter of deep concern is
that of counting cadence. There are
many different versions available, but
we will choose the one most common-
ly heard, which goes something like
this, "Hut, tup, trip, foh." Since the
Army has so much influence in do-
mestic affairs we can soon expect to
find grammar school kids learning
that tup and tup is foh, and fob
minus thrip equals hut.
There is also "Threah ha!" Web-
ster would call it "an Army command
to turn around and walk back in the
News and Notes
From Co. G
By Pfc. CULVER JONES
Maybe it's spring fever or the
warm weather we've been having.
But the boys in Co. G have been
playing games again. This week it
was a kind of indoor baseball, with
Pfc. Fred Gillette as umpire.
Each man in the company was giv-
en one turn at bat. Top honors went
to the medical seniors and sopho-
mores, with first prizes going to Pfc.
Jack Garlinghouse and Pfc. Bob Cor-
ley. Pfc. John Orebaugh was given
the consolation prize.
It wasn't what you'd call a classic
games, played according to Hoyle.
The rules had to be changed to give
most everyone a chance to take part.
The corridors at Vaughan House
aren't very wide either, and that
made for a difficult game. But al-
most the entire companymturned out
to play and to root for the champs.
Pfc. Joe Fink and Pfc. Sid Lytle
assisted Pfc. Gillette in settling dis-
putes over the umpire's decisions.
The final prizewinners, however: won
REV. LEMON SPEAKS
The origin of Christian Science
was explained to members of Co. G
this past week by the company chap-
lain, Rev. W. P. Lemon. Dr. Lemon
is conducting a series of weekly
meetings on healing and psychiatry
for the Army men enrolled in medi-
cal and dental schools.
The role of Christian Science in
modern religion and its attitude to-
ward medicine were also discussed.
Dr. Lemon's sympathetic talk was
followed by a lively series of ques-
Next week's meeting, to be held at
Vaughan House on Wednesday eve-
ning, will take up the psychiatry of
CO. G LEADS IN BOND SALES
Already far out in front of all
other companies in the current bond
drive, Co. G passed the $4,000 mark
in war bond sales today. This is an
increase of about $1,200 over a week
The largest single sale was to a
dental sophomore, who bought bonds
totalling $1,000. Yet even without
this boost, dental sophomores are far
ahead of any other platoon in the
company in total sales.
Cadet Is Injured
On Gym Floor
Sunday Military Page
The Sunday Army page is written by and
for the enlisted Army personnel stationed
on the University of Michigan campus.
kll opinions expressed on this page are
those of the individual contributors and
xhould not be construed as representing
the policy or opinions of either the War
Department or the commandants of the
Army units located here.
Editor-in-Chief: Pfc. Lazar Emanuel
Manag. Editor: Pfc. Stanley Krenitz
Co. A-...........T/5 Stanley Zuckerman
Cot B.. . ... . .........Pvt. Richard Wolf
ASTR ..............Cadet L. v. Chabala
po. C ....Pfc. David Lindsey, Pfc. Thomas
Co. D .........Plc. Barney Schwartz
Co. E ..Pvt. Delore Williams, Pvt. Joseph
;o. F ..Pvt. Melvin J. Berman, Pvt Rob-
ert J. Holmes
Co. G ..Pfc. Culver Jones, Pfc. Max Raabe
3eadquarters.......pl. William T. Scott
?hotographer .........Cpl. Robert Lewin
Serge ant 7Tells
'Torture in China
Editor's note: This is the second in a
series of five articles on the experiences
of Sgt. Boris Yankoff of Co. A.
"I was studying at Harbin in north
China at the time the Japanese
started bombing undefended cities,"
Russian-born Sgt. Boris Yankoff of
Co. A said in the recent interview
"The Chinese people didn't have
any anti-aircraft guns or any other
large weapons. Therefore, the Japs
met no resistance, but just marched
into our city and killed the people.
"The fifth column in China was
very strong. My barber turned out
to be a Japanese major. The proprie-
tor of the local fishing supply store
turned out to be a Japanese captain.
They had posed as Chinese, but got
into uniform as soon as their army
entered the city," Sgt. Yankoff ex-
Japs Torture Chinese
He said that after the Japanese
occupied the area they used many
torture methods to get information
out of the Chinese. For example,
they would torture a person by pull-
ing their hairs out one by one, by
pulling their teeth with pliers or by
pulling their fingernails out by the
One method he described which
the Japanese used for killing loyal
Chinese was to put their victim in
ice water, light a fire under the
water and then bol the person.
Another cruel way they had of kill-
ing a person was to stick needles
into their hands and then suck all,
their blood out with a machine.
"If the Japanese soldiers were dis-
pleased when they walked down the
street, they would hit innocent wo-
men and children with their rifles or
even bayonet them," he said.
Fought with Volunteers
Sgt. Yankoff was 17 at the time
the Japs entered Manchuria. He
joined a group of volunteers who
were armed only with rifles. Though
he had always wanted to be a soldier
this is the time his fighting career
actually began. The American consul
managed to obtain permission for
him to leave China, so he left that
country 20 days after the Japs had
He went from China to Japan
for a short visit on his way to Ha-
waii. He said that it would take
the Japanese several months to
complete investigations on the per-
sons who had resisted their inva-
sion and that they would never
think of looking in their own coun-
try for him.
"The peacetime Japan I toured in
1931 was a beautiful country, but
when I returned there after they had
started to fight China I found that
the people had no freedom and no
rights as citizens," Sgt. Yankoff said.
"The people would stand and shout
greetings as trains came in with the
ashes of their soldiers who had been
killed in China. In Japan they don't
ask that the people buy war bonds.
Everyone has to give 60 per cent of
his pay to the government for the
military strength of the country.
Japan appeared to be a very well
organized country and the people
believe their leaders no matter what
they tell them. The emperor, doesn't
have much actual power. It is all in
the hands of the military leaders.
Japs Are Sentimental
"The Japanese are a very senti-
mental people. When we were on the-
islands and searched the baggage of
some of the officers we found fans,
perfume, powders, love letters and
flowers from their girls.
"The Japanese have well trained
soldiers, though, and are a tough
enemy. They won't surrender as long
as they are able to fight, no matter
what the odds are. Once when one
of our planes had sunk an enemy
destroyer, some of the sailors swam
to shore. Many of them were in the
The Chinese will dig up their roads or take any other possible measures to keep the Japs out of
their area. The road in this picture was turned into a tank trap. Although the Japanese use very small
tanks, they are not small enough to pass between the trees and the traps. Chinese guerillas are hiding
behind the bank at the side of the road to finish their .job when a Jap tank falls into their trap. A rice
paddy can be seen at the extreme left portion of the picture. -Photos by Cpl. Porter D. Dilley of Co. A
leader. Replacing Cpl. Milton Stanz-
ler, a recent graduate, as "impressar-
io" of the Choir is Cpl. Stanley S.
Amdurer who announced a tentative
rehearsal schedule. Cpl. Stanley B.
Zuckerman replaces Cpl. Jason Horn
in handling press releases.
NEW YORK, Jan. 29.-(/P)-In a
brief, swift-moving ceremony, the
mighty battleship Missouri was
launched today with the express
hope that she would "be an avenger
to the barbarians who wantonly
slaughtered the heroes of Bataan."
The Navy estimated the ceremony
was witnessed by 26,000 cheering
THE MICHIGAN DAILY SERVICE EDITION
ANN ARBOR, MICH.
SUNDAY, JANUARY 30, 1944
the soda bar is usually
closed to women. Last
week's GI Stomp was also
held on Saturday, though
it was erroneously an-
nounced here that it would
be Sunday. It is to be hop-
ed that this erro; did not
cause any inconvenience-
especially soldiers in the
South Pacific, Italy, or
England who may read this
* * **
THE TAXICAB SYS-
TEM in Ann Arbor was ac-
cused last week. Students
had been cursing them for
various reasons for some
time. But last week Hugh
Norton told of how a dri-
ver had charged him 60
cents for what is usually a
35-cent run and had ex-
plained the extra charge
on the basis of a laundry
bag carried by Norton.
Students were asked to re-
port such incidents to the
* * *
A MARCH OF DIMES
was conducted on campus
last week to help the fight
against infantile paralysis:
A "Time "rnv "wsut
late for classes, reporters
meetings were continually
interrupted by late-com-
ers, but no one reported
that a meal had been
missed because of the
ELECTIONS were held
Friday for the literary col-
lege. But Saturday the
Men's Judiciary Council
threw out the entire elec-
tion for V-Ball post in the
literary college and charg-
ed "flagrant violation of
every conceivable election
rule." This is said to in-
dude fake voting, ballot
box stuffing and election-
eering. Another election
will be held Wednesday.
U' CAGERS lost Friday.
It was the first game of a
two-game series with the
Ohio State Buckeyes, and
the bitter total was 53 to
49. The game was thrilling
with the lead belonging al-
ternately to the Buckeyes
and the Wolverines. But
even the 27 points Tom
King scored were not
enough to weigh the bal-
ance for Michigan.
* * *
yard race, John McCarthy
took the 150-yard back-
stroke and Paul Maloney
finished 25 yards ahead of
Johnny McCarthy in the
150-yard backstroke event.
The Maize and Blue tank-
men will meet Ohio State
next Saturday in the Wol-
verine pool and the Buck-
eyes are expected to give
them quite a tussle.
* * *
again met the Ohio State
Buckeyes last night. After
having lost the first game
of the series, the team lost,
52 to 39.
THE HOCKEY TEAM
last night contested a sex-
tet from the Vickers Sports
Club in a game which was
arranged only last week.
Wolverine pucksters came
out on the short end of a
4 to 3 score. Michigan
players in the front line
Chin .. .
(Continued from Page 1)
to a month in advance. After a meet-
ing the leaders return to their units
and try to carry out the plans which
have been formulated. They are in
communication with other groups
and with free China by means of ra-
He said that when the Japanese oc-
cupy an area they take over just the
communication and transportation
systems and the main cities. The
country as a whole is still held by the
Chinese. The Chinese are willing to
do anything to keep the Japanese out
of their area.
"Sometimes an entire community
helps to destroy a road," he said.
"Such portions of the road as can be
used for that purpose are turned in-
to tank traps. A couple of these traps
can be seen in the picture." The
guerrillas hide behind the bank until
an enemy tank falls into their trap.
Then they run out, pour kerosene on
the tank and roast the occupants
alive. This is the only way they have
of fighting for their equipment is
practically negligible. Rifles and
knives are their chief weapons.
"The women of China for the first
time in history are coming into their
own. Where formerly they were of
use merely for the propagation of the
race, they are now filling a place be-
side the men. A few are in active
fighting groups, but the mass parti-
cipate as first aid workers.
"The men are treated on the bat-
tlefield where they fall. Sometimes
the wounded are moved into the
shade after being treated by the first
aid workers, and sometimes they are
left where they are until the stretch-
er bearers are able to get them back
to a station for further treatment,"
going on outside was none of my
"I did manage to find out that a
supply train had been wrecked by
Chinese guerrillas. The fact that
these fighters did not . attack our
train as soon as we stopped led me to
believe that though they were oper-
ating they were doing so with limited
supplies. This made me even more
curious than ever to go in and see
how they continued operations in, an
area that had been under enemy oc-
cupation for 18 months," he explain-
Got Permit for Pictures
"Before I went with the Jap army,
I got permits to take pictures and
send them out. However, the Jap
customs cut out 4,000 feet of my ar-
my pictures leaving me only about 10
feet which they obviously missed.
"As I had permits to send the film
out of the country, I did not bother
trying to sneak any out. Of course I
then realized that the permits had
been a trick and that the Japs had
given them to me so that they could
keep track of me, knowing that they
could get their hands on the pictures
any time they wanted to. I then
realized that I had been a 'sap' as
they term Americans," he added.
News and Notes
By Pfc. BARNEY SCHWARTZ
Pfc. Manheim S. Shapiro was se-
lected by Lt. Charles P. Atkinson.,
company commander, to succeed Sgt.
Richard E. McLeod this week as ca-
det company commander of Co. D.
Pfc. Shapiro had a varied career}
before entering the service in Jan-j
uary, 1943. He received his B.A. de-
gree at Brooklyn College in 1934 and
then ta rrht F.nrrlich vfnr nver two !
Len augnL r nmgsn 1 - - -UW
years. He was associated for a time
with the New York City Department Cadet James "one flop" Rice re-
of Welfare as a social worker and ceived two broken bones in his left
interviewer, arm when he dove to the floor last
Air Corps Training Friday during the basketball game
Pfc. Shapiro received his basic and between Co. G and Co. B-4.
A boys' club of Wichita
Falls, Tex., built this au-
tomatic hitchhiking post
for soldiers of Sheppard
Field with some place to
go. Arms tell direction
in which soldier is head-
were Vince Abbey, Johnny Guerrillas Attack Peking
Jenswold and Ted Greer. "On Christmas eve in 1938 the
* * * guerrillas attacked the city of Peking
U' WRESTLERS knocked from four gates at the same time.
Purdue out of the unde- The Japanese ambulances in the city
feated ranks yesterday were tearing around the city madly
with a 19 to 9 victory. Bob and there was a heavy toll.
Reichert started it all with j "When I was traveling with the
A 6 to 9 r diiin (n v r I(wa ra g hh
technical training at the AAF Tech-
nical Training Command of Atlantic
City and at Stillwater, Oklahoma, as
a Bomber Operations Section Chief.
T/5 Susumu Okamoto has been
named to succeed Cpl. John D. Mc-
While he was dribbling toward his
basket, a big bruiser got in front of
him, and Rice looped the ball to Cad-
et Mueller. Said bruiser blocked the
pass, however, and Rice, recovering,
took off to the left. His opponent