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January 30, 1944 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-30

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SUNDiA'i, SAv. 5)6, l.J44

' 1111 ii l A ,I\ A' i

PAE SEVEN

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Local Drafting
Will Undergo
Major Changes
Registrants Must Pass
Physical 21 Days
Before Id.ucion
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19-()-Lo-
cal draft boards grappled today with
the doubly-difficult task of overhaul-
ing their Selective Service machinery
~without slowing the flow of about
600,000 men into the armed services
in January and February.
Major changes effective Tuesday
provide that:
1. No registrant shall be inducted
until he has passed a thorough phys-
ical examination by Army- Navy
doctors at least 21 days previously.
Under the old system the examina-
tion was given at induction .Pre-in-
duction physicals were ordered by
Congress.
2. Registrants 18 through 21 years
old no longer will be granted occupa-
tional deferments unless engaged in
farming, or unless a state Selective
Service Director certifies that a man
is necessary in industry.
Deferments in effect before Tues-
day will run their course but will not
be renewed. College students will
find deferment more difficult under
the new regulations.
Biggest headache for draft boards
is the vast ,change-over to pre-
induction physical examinations.
Throughout January the boards had
to furnish about 300,000 men under
the old system and at the same time
order some men to report for pre-
induction physcials in preparation
for the Feb. 1 deadline.
Latins To Talk
To Alumni Club
Two Latin American students will
speak tomorrow at the University of
Michigan Club 'Of Coldwater to fur-
ther Pan-American relations.
Salvador Itriago of Venezuela, who
is here in a special program of re-
search in Inter-American Law, and
Oscar Paloma of Guatemala, study-
ing electrical engineering, will give
short descriptions of their home
countries.
The University of Michigan Alum-
ni Clubs have been sponsoring such
talks in accordance to their policy of
arousing interest and hence under-
standing of the Latin Americas.
Towe To Conduct
Broadcast Today
Larry Towe, director of the Uni-
versity News Service, will again con-
duct the 10 minute broadcast, "Cam-
pus Chatter," at 2:45 p.m.tomorrow
over Station WKAR, Est Lansing.
Students participating in tomor-
row's program are Roger A. Shepard,
'46E, as announcer; Frances Sacks,
'45; Sylvia Kaufer, '45; Annette
Chaikin, '46; and Hank Dillof, Navy.

Men Who Escaped from Japs Tell MacArthur of Atrocities CERAMICS EXPERT:
lit. Guthe Leaves To Take
00s

Dr. Carl E. Guthe, Director of theI
University Museums and the Museums
of Anthropology, will leave the Uni-
versity tomorrow to take up his new
duties as Director of the New York
State Museum at Albany, beginning
nMarch 1.
He graduated from the Literaryj
College of the University in 1914, and
then received his doctorate in an-
thropology at Harvard.
He was associated with Phillips
Academy and the Carnegie Institu-
tion of Washington before returning
to the campus in 1942 to become As-j
sociate Director of Anthropology in
the University Museums.
excavated Ruins
"While with the Carnegie Institute
I worked at Peten, Guatemala, ex-j
cavating in the ruins of the ancient1
city of Tayasal, visited by Cortes in
the 16th century," he said.
"Under University auspices," hes
continued, "I went on a three yearI
archeological expedition to the Phil-
lipines where I made a study of the
distribution of burial places, visiting
21 of the southern provinces. While
there I gathered one of the largest
collections of Chinese ceramics ever
to be brought back from the islands."
Since the establishment of the Mu-
seum of Anthropology as a separate
unit in 1929, Dr. Guthe has been its
director. In the same year he organ-
ized the department of Anthropology
in the Literary College.

cil since 1927, Chairman of the Divi-
sion of Anthropology and Psychology
from 1938-41 and is now a member
of iits Executive Board.
He has just resigned his presidency
of the Midwest Museum Conference,
and was one of the founders of the
Society for American Archeology. He
also belongs to Sigm Xi and Phi
fKappa Phi.
"My new position as Dirc or of
the New Yrk State Mtiseum at Al-
bany offers an opportunity- to inte-
grate the Museum more closely with
the educational system of New York
and also to expand and strengthen
l its research activities. These oppor-
tunities, of course, will be influenced
by changing conditions developing
during the post-war period," he said.
It is anticipated that a new building
will be erected for the Museum in the
near future.
"Although I do not wish to leave
this campus where I have spent so
smany years, I feel that the opportun-
ity in New York is too great to ig-
nore," he said.

Russia Loses
Ground .
Chudovo after a short hu fierre
struggle,
In an area, about 200 mime soutli
of this northernmost fighting, the
second Baltic Front Anny of Gen.
Markian M. Popov captured the rail
junction of Novosokolini in a sur-
prise attack that sent Ihe Germans
"floundering from side to ide" as
Russians broke into their lines 1rom
several directions.
To the north in the Norgortd area,
the left wing of Gen. Kyrill A. Meret-
skov's forces killed 1,700 Germans
and captured three heavily fortified
points in their drive toward tihe Len-
ingrad-Pskov-Warsaw railroad, the
Germans' last retreat i ne from the
north.
Premier Marshal Stalin am tounced
the capture of Novosokolniki in an
order of the day to ihe Red Army
commander of the Second Baltic
Front, Gen. M. M. Popov. The city
is the junction of the Leningrad-
Vitebsk and Moscowv-fliga;ratilways
and was a German stron point. The
Russians now are within 70 miles of
the old Latvian border.

Three American officers who escaped from the J apanese and whose sworn statements were the basis
of the Army-Navy report on Japanese atrocities ag iinst prisoners in the Philippines are seen here with
Gen. Douglas MacArthur at his headquarters in Aus tralia Aug. 4, 1943, after their escape. Left to right:
Lieut. Col. William E. Dyess, Comdr. Melvyn H. McCoy, Gen. MacArthur, and Lieut. Col. S. M. Mellnik.
Dyess was killed in a plane crash recently. McCoy a nd Alelinik are on duty. This picture was released
by the War Department.
'MARCH OF' DEA T:H
Jap"anese -uMutilate feseesie IiS

.____
I-_ . __-. _ - __ _ -. .__.. i

,.
t r rm ,,

By RAYMOND P. CRONIN
Edifor's note: Raymond P. Cronin,
chief of the Associated Press tlureau in
Manila, was interned at Santo Tomas
Camp for civilians in Manila from Jan-
nary, 1942, until his repatriation last
September. He served on the camp's
self-government committee and thus
was able to maintain contact with what
went on outside the tamp.
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 29.-(P)-The
complete story of atrocities visited up-
on disarmed and defenseless Amer-
ican and Filipino soldiers after they
surrendered to overwhelming Japan-
ese forces on bloody Bataan Penin-
sula in the Philippines may never be
assembled.
The Army - Navy announcement
quoting escaped American officers
who survived the living death tells
only part of the bitter tale.
It is impossible for me, for obvious
reasons, to state the source of my
information on the "march of death"
from Bataan after that fateful day
of surrender in April, 1942. I have
implicit faith in the trustworthiness
of my informants and can say that
some of them watched this march.
My sources estimated, that at
least 4,000 soldiers died on Bataan
tas victims of Jap brutalities--m"en
who could have been saved if given
a little help and a bit of human
consideration.
Hundreds of others died on the
grueling march under a searching
tropical sun as they were clubbed
on their way to San Fernando and
then to Camp O'Donnell.
Scores of our soldiers, having wit-
nessed Jap savagery at the Mariveles

airfield where many were beheaded,j
decided to brave shark-iinfested liMan-
ila Bay rather than give themselves
into the hands of the enemy.
They plunged into the water in a
desperate attempt to reach Correg-
idor some two miles out in the bay.
Many gained safety, only to fall
into the hands of the Japs when
the ]hock surrendered dturing May.
Others lost out to the sharks.
One band of American-Filipino
troops killed several Jap guards and
escaped to the Mangrove swamps
where they formed a guerrilla band.
Just what happened to tiem later;
we never knew, but it is a good guess
that they are not alive today.
Many of us who were held by the
Japanese in the Manila Santo Tomas
camp for civilians knew what wasC
going on out Bataan way.
The Japs inflicted unspeakableI
atrocities on the wounded and the
sick who were in field hospitals along
the peninsula.
Disregarding the condition of sol-
diers who had been disabled by
wounds or tropical diseases, such
as malaria and dysentery, the Jacsf
herded them from hospitals like
so many cattle and drove them re-
lentlessly through the moatntainous
terrain until they dropped.
Many of the wounded and the sick.
lacking food or water and completelyI
exhausted, fell and lay helpless on
the footpaths through the jungles.
and along the dusty road. Unable
to rise *hen beaten by the buckle
ends of field belts, the died.
American and Filipino soldis wh if
halted along the way to ease the suf

fcrings of the sick oi- wounded also
were bayonet'd or clubbed to death.
The Japs tortured n(n who were

like ra ehaivi
*1Olt"'

1
k

utterly helpliss. Ceramics his Specialty
I have Witnessed somne of this tor- Most of his research work has been
tre with my own eyes as it was in- done in ceramics. Prof. Guthe wrote
firtedon w ithmyowneyesas.it was in-"Pueblo Pottery Making" after living
flicted on Filipino civilians. two months in an Indian village of
The Japs made sure that the vic- New Mexico, working daily with the
tirs were helpless. They never at- pottery makers.
tacied a man whose arms were free. In his 30 years' work in anthropol-
0-hey tied the hands of victims be- ogy Dr. Guthe has received many
hind their backs, then beat them awards. From 1935-38 he was the
about the head and f'are with clubs first chairman of the Division of So-
and buckled belts. cial Sciences in the University, and
As he toldi me the story a few days from 1932-40 he was a member of the
later he wept like a child. His nerves Executive Board of the Graduate
were shattered. School.
--- -- -Supervised ASTP Work
eWK During the past fall he was the
Wer hesupervisor in charge of the East Asia
L l S \/ Language-Area Program of the AS-
PT on campus. He has been associat-
ed with the National Research Cotn-

.'

WASHINGTON, Jan. 29._-(A/P)-
Senator Vandenberg (Rep., Mich.)
assertrd tonight that prior to Pearl
Harbor Congress and the country
were rnot properly informed abou the
"realities tiat were sweeping us to-
ward inevitable war, a statement
promptly challenged by Secretary of
State Hull.?
Vandenberg declared that he was
sure that the Jap a [tack on Pearl
Harbor was not "one-tenth as much
of a surprise to the President and the
State Department as it was to the
House and Senate and the country."

1

y4
5 ~ 4
~i IFIR t RG 11 T

Piano Student
To give Recital
Music by Beethoven,
Chopin To Be Included
The Beethoven "Sonata in E minor,
Op. 9," Bach-Liszt "Prelude and Fu-
gue in A minor," Chopin "Nocturne,"
and "Rhapsody," will be included on
the program of Virginia Holmes, '44,
in her piano recital at 8:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
Miss Holmes, a member of Kappa
Kappa Gamma, studied with Marcey
F. Alderson at her home in Straw-
berry Point, Ia. She is in the School
of Music and a pupil of Joseph Brink-
man.
Her piano recital will be presented
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for a B.M. degree. At the
close of this term she will receive
the B.A. degree from the L. S. & A.
school, as well as the Bachelor of
Music degree.
The recital is open to the public.

the Hewr
per fet plastie~
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Aliirtc a s
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WE DELIjER

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SERVICE
E5DITION

11 rl i ttrt til

L .-8

ANN ARBOR, MICH

SUNDAY, JANUARY 30, 1944

-

(' 2

_ he '

TOM HARMON, Michi-
gan graduate, grid star,
actor, and war hero, ar-
rived in Ann Arbor last
week. It was the first time
he had been home since
Christmas 1942. The fur-
lough will last 20 days. Said
he, "I plan to rest and
spend this time with the
folks." His father, Louis
I-atnon, said, "It's great
to see Torn again; we cer-
tainly have missed him."
SHis mother said it is good
to see him again, "though
he does have so many en-
gagements." . . . Upon ar-
riving, Harmon told the
story of how he was shot
down by a Jap Zero and
was later rescued by Chi-
nese guerillas. But before
his plane was hit, he shot
down two Zeros. In his
words, "I turned into the
six Zeros behind me and
busted right in between
them.
HELEN NEWBERRY
residents registered indig-

swimg

The reason, he broke his
leg while playing basket-
ball and he has trouble get-
ting to class on time. So
--he'd like a bicycle.
UPLAND STOWk: prom-
nent war' correspondent,
came to the University on
Tuesday, told students
"What I Saw in Russia
He spoke of the Pravda
article which a('c(c'Ised (rea1.
Britain of discussin sep-
arate peace vi th erllnn.
said he thought it. was done
to force the B'riLii to make
a public denia. L eraps
this w ln' oo (!de(l Ice o
the Russians" he went on,
"butdid we evr S ot
think how delicate s-onic Off
the things colonel M cor-
mick and the hearst pa-
pers have said about Rus-
sia and what Russia must
think i ;whe sei-Ja tes
art ices."
the coming ye-ar- were ant-
nounced last week. Roy
Boucher, '45, was named

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Patent, shining like a
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little shoes that reflect

Actress Evelyn Keyes swings over a swimming
pool in a esene for a motion pictare isow il pro-

d uction. --AP Photo

i

II

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