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RSPAY, JAN.. f 7, 1944
Smith Committee Brands
Urges Congress To Define Powers,'
Charging Board Favors Unions
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26-The War Labor Board's practice of requiring
union men to keep up their membership after they come under a new
contract worked out by government, management, and labor, was challenged
by a special House committee as unlawful today.
Denouncing "maintenance of membership" as a suspension of the
Constitution, the Smith Committee declared that Congress should write a
new pattern, pinning down exactly what the WLB can, and can't do.
Davis Denies Charge
Chairman William H. Davis arose to the immediate defense of his
agency, asserting it has acted only on the will of Congress and will continue
to settle labor disputes by its current ''
standards until the lawmakers as a
body rule otherwise.
The Board, when it steps into a
strike situation and evolves a con-
tract, frequently includes a clause
giving union members a certain pe-
riod to decide whether to remain
members or withdraw. If they choose
the former alternative, they must
continue their membership during
$he life of the contract or lose their
jobs. This, said Chairman Smith
(im., Va.) of the House group, is
tantamount to an order to the em-
ployer to "encourage membership in
Davis said the Board's orders never
require a non-union worker to join
A union. They simply demand that
the union members involved in the
disute stay union members in order
to continue to get whatever benefits
arise from the new contract.
Davis said the House voted 204 to
73 against Rep. Smith himself when
the latter moved last year to ban
maintenance of membership orders.
"This constituted a clear expres-
sion of the intention of the House to
continue the Board's authority," said
Members of the Smith Committee,
including Hoffman (Rep., Mich.) set
up to investigate whether govern-
me~nt agencies exceed; their lawful
authority, disagreed among them-
selves on the report.
The majority criticized other WLB
policies which it said had the effect
of denying the employer "an effective
right of judicial review" and of com-
pelling parties to a contract to take
certain actions "irrespective of wheth-
er there is any legal or contractural
obligation on the parties to do so."
WLB has been "subservient" to its
labor members, the report charged,
and thus has contributed to work
T illich To Speak
Prof. Paul Tillich of Union Theo-
logical Seminary will present the see-
ond lecture of the Student Religious
Association series when he speaks on
"Protestantism and Moral Anarchy"
at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Rack-
Recognized as one of the out-
standing authorities on the Protes-
tant Reformation, Prof. Tillich is an
instructor of philosophical theology.
He has spent most of his life in
Europe and was one of the leaders in
the Christian Socialist movement on
Prof. Tillich will answer the
charge that the Protestant Reforma-
tion brought about moral anarchy
because it broke the absolute author-
ity of the Roman Catholic Church.
Following the lecture there will be
a question period. All students, ser-
vicemen and townspeople are invited
Leland Stowe Speaks
To Journalism Classes
Leland Stowe, noted foreign cor-
respondent, gave an informal talk
yesterday to the combined classes of
Stowe discussed journalism as a
career for women and their place as
foreign correspondents. He empha-
sized the importance of a back-
ground in social sciences and the
technics of journalism for those in-
terested in securing positions on
papers, for few city editors are will-
ing to employ those without this
To Be Covered Sunday
For Foreign Students
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will discuss "Some International As-
pects of Education" at 7:30 p.m.
Sunday at the International Center.
There are about 350 foreign stu-
dents enrolled in the University this
year, the largest foreign enrollment
in the history of the University. It
is expected that this number will
increase several times after the war.
This speech will differ from other
discussions Dr. Ruthven has given in
the past few months on future prob-
lens and aspects of education in
that he will consider the subject
under its international aspects and
will be addressing an international
See Increased Enrollment
In speaking of Dr. Ruthven's lec-
ture, Dr. Esson M. Gale, director of
the International Center and chair-
man of the Committee on Inter-Cul-
tural Relations, said yesterday,
"President Ruthven's speech will
keynote the activity that is growing
constantly toward the expected trip-
ling and quadrupling of the foreign
student enrollment at the University
after the war. Plans are already
being made with the State Depart-
"Already something more than 200
Chinese students have been admit-
ted, to the University and are waiting
only for means of transportation to
come. A body of Turkish students in
Cairo is likewise waiting to come."
Great Expansion Planned
* Jim Crowe, assistant to the direc-
tor of the Center and secretary of
the Committee on Inter-Cultural Re-
lations, said, "These are the first
stirrings of a really spectacular up-
surge in education as a whole and
in international education. Plans are
already being laid for expansion of
University activities in that field
after the war. President Ruthyen
will probably give some idea of the
University's part. Of course, educa-
tion is the keystone of winning the
Student To Present
Recital on Monday
Virginia Holmes, '44, will present
a piano recital, in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for a B.M. de-
gree at 8:30 p.m. Monday, in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Miss Holmes is a pupil of Joseph
Brinkman in the School of Music.
She studied with Marcey F. Alderson
at her home in Strawberry Point,
Iowa. At the close of this term she
will receive the B.A. degree from
the L.S.&A. college, in addition to
the Bachelor of Music degree.
Various selections from Haydn,
Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin and
Ravel will be included on her pro-
Ford Plans Experiment
To End Absenteeism
DETROIT, Jan. 26 -(P)- Two Un-
ited Automobile Workers (CIO) offic-
ers greeted announcement of a one-
day suspension at the Ford Motor
Company's Willow Run Plant, which
had been described as an experiment
to reduce absenteeism, as "a redicul-
ous approach" to the problem to-
The Company had previously an-
nounced that the Army and the Com-
pany had agreed to shut down the
plant Saturday, Jan. 29, because so
many employes had given,. as their
excuse for absence, the need for free
time to attend to personal affairs.
This bzQ 11 (Ut /liI'plnt(
By CHARLOTTE FAGERBURG
"The war should have no influence
whatever on philosophical thought,"
Prof. C. H. Langford of the philoso-
phy department said yesterday in an
"The fundamental truths and the-
ories of mankind should not be dis-
turbed by blitzkriegs and Nazism."
According to Prof. Langford it would
be more correct to say philosophers
affect wars and peace and hence,
politics, rather than wars and poli-
ties affect philosophers.
Explaining his stand, Prof. Lang-
ford said, "The influence of ethical
theories on politics should be in-
direct. Isms, those theories that
heretically claim to be philosophy,
destroy legitimate thinking and do
not permit impartial inquiry into the
thoughts and habits of man. Isms
have been taught to Germans, Rus-
This large panel on the flight deck of the Navy flying boat Mars,
which flew from San Francisco Bay to Pearl Harbor in 13 hours, carry-
ing 20 passengers and 14,000 pounds of freight, is presided over by the
flight engineer. It controls and indicates every phase of activity and
operation of the mammoth plane. Shown at the panel (L to R):
Glovis A. Norwood, Cleveland, Miss., and Ensign Albert Geck, flight
engineer, San Diego, Calif.- A
TO FILL FIRST AID KITS:
Medical Committee calls for'
Needed Siial Instruments
LANFORD ON ETHICS:
'U' Professor Sees Philosophy
Withstanding Trials of War
,ins and Italians, and scientific
theories have been outlawed by their
Relativity Theory Banned
"The Communists taught their
materialistic philosophy and banned
physicists from teaching the theory
of relativity on the grounds that it
was contrary to the theory of mater-
"The Nazis laid clown their doc-
trines even though they didn't al-
ways. believe them. They are not
interested in whether their theories
are true or not. They are only inter-
ested in how tlhcy'll cause people to
behave, The Nazi doctrine estab-
lishes a revolutionary ethical theory.
Ethics Only Considered
"After the war I think philoso-
phers will concern themselves main-
ly with ethical problems. The war
will prejudice philosophers to delve
into ethics, but the present conflict
should not influence their thinking."
Prof. Langford said that war can-
not change scientific theories; the
Nazis can prohibit the teaching of
scientific axioms, but the truth will
Prof. D. H. Parker, chairman of
the philosophy department, also be-
lieves the war will demand a study
of ethics, but he said that the real
influence of this war on philosophy
remains to be seen.
Conservatism Will Return
In speculating, however, he said
that the war may have a contradic-
tory effect, "a tendency toward con-
servatism, that is, a general desire
to get back to the old way of life,
counterbalanced by a tendency to-
ward the communistic title of radi-
"The last war," Prof. Parker said,
"caused an aftermath of pesimismn
and irrationalism in Germany. Per-
iaps the present war may have the
same effect all over the world. How-
ever, true philosophers will not be
influenced by 'fashions in thought.'
They know that isms merely fight
truth, and in the struggle, destroy
BUY WAR BONDS!
Although 1944 is still young, it has
already proved to be a promising one4
for Hopwood winners. To date, three
novels have come off the press whose
authors have won Hopwood awards.
Besides Miss Obermeyer's "Golden
Apples of the Sun," they include
Mildred Walker's (major award in
fiction and essay, 1933) "Winter
Wheat," and Virginia Chase's (1940
award) "The American House." The
first two of these were reviewed ;n
the New York Times Book Review of
Jan. 23, and all three were given
mention in the New York Herald
Tribune Weekly Book Review.
Betty Smith's novel, "A Tree
Grows in Brooklyn," a Literary Guild
choice for September, is now among
the best-sellers. Heineman of Lon-:
don is publishing it in England
under the title "The Tree in the
Yard." It is being translated into
Swedish, and a Portuguese version
will be circulated in South America.
The council on war books printed
255,000 copies for distribution to the
armed forces overseas.
A critical need for all kinds of dis-
secting and surgical instruments has
arisen in the physician and pharma-
ceutical branches of the United
States Navy and Coast Guard, Dr.
Joseph Peter Hoguet, medical direc-
tor, Medical and Surgical Relief Com-
mittee of America, announced today.
date, more than $585,000 of drugs, in-
struments, serums, vitamins, and oth-
er equipment has been donated to
Among the recipients of Relief
Committee aid are the Fighting
French in North Africa and St.
Pierre, Great Britain, the Royal
Norwegians in Canada and Iceland,
South and Central Africa, China,
India, Greece, Syria, and Russia,
in addition to the United States.
University students possessing
equipment used in botany and zo-
ology classes or in medical and
dental schools, are urged to con-
tribute idle or discarded scalpals,
forceps, scissors, directors, clamps
and probes, to meet demands reg-
istered with the Relief Committee.
..ichi anIheh atflda
Two former Michigan students, A/C
Donald W. Howich, of Grand Rapids,
and A/C William N. McCoy, of Zanes-
ville, 0., have recently completed
their basic flying training at the
Pecos Army Air Field at Pecos, Tex.,
and will now go into advanced train-
Cadet McCoy was a member of the
Beta Theta Pi fraternity here, and
Cadet Howich was a member of Sig-
ma Phi Epsilon.
A/C Donald A. Tews, of Pontiac,
was commissioned a 2nd Lt. in the
Army Air Forces Jan. 15 after
completing bo'mbardier training at
the Carlsbad (N.M.) Army Air
Field, and now becomes one of the
new "triple-threat men" airmen
who have completed instruction in
dead-reckoning navigation and aer-
ial gunnery in addition to the reg-
ular bombardiering course.
Now receiving the basic phase of
his flight training at the Army Air
Forces Pilot School at Courtland,
Ala., is A/C Bryant M. Sharp, of
Highland Park, former student of the
University. He was a member of the
Delta Tau Delta fraternity on cam-
Wilbur C. Jacobs, of Freemont,
Ind., was recently appointed a Naval
Aviation Cadet and was transferred
to the Naval Air Training Center,
Pensacola, Fla., for intermediate
Prior to entering the Naval serv-
ice, Cadet Jacobs attended Hope
College and the University and re-
ceived his A.B. degree here. Upon
completion of the intensivecourse
at the "Annapolis of the Air," Ca-
det Jacobs will receive his Navy
Wings and will be commissioned an.
'ce me tS an -
esign in the Naval Reserve, or a
Second Lt. n the Marine Corps Re-
Three former Michigan students
received their commissions as ensigns
in the U.S. Naval Reserve when grad-
uation ceremonies were held recently
at the Naval Training School for mid-
shipmen at Northwestern University.
The new ensigns are Fred M. Gins-
berg, of Detroit, James E. Mandler, of
Chicago, and James M. Sears, of
Plano, Ill., who received his A.B. de-
gree in 1943, and who was vice-pres-
ident of Sigma Phi Epsilon.
Ensign Fred Ginsberg was a for-
mer Associate Business Manager of
The Daily, and Ensign Jim Mandler
was the high-soring center on last
year's basketball team.
Lt. Beryle Boldman, 1939 graduate
of the University, now serving as Ad-
jutant and Post Exchange Officer,
was recently promoted to First Lt. at
Fort Russell at Marfa, Tex. Lt.
Boldman will shortly be transferred
to Camp Blaiborne, La.
A/C Albert L. Culbertson, of De-
lavan, Ill., has reported for duty at
the Army Air Forces Bombardier
School, Carlsbad, N. M., where he
will study advanced high-level bom-
bardiering and dead-reckoning navi-
All instruments, following re-con-
ditioning, will be incorporated into
emergency medical kits and will be
donated to sub-chasing and patrolling
craft of the Navy and Coast Guard.
Complete with essential drugs, band-
ages and an instrument roll, each kit
provides on-the-spot treatment to
casualties until the doctor-less ship
can reach a base hospital.
Donations will be accepted through
Feb. 5 for the Relief Committee by
Robert L. Baird, at the zoology de-
partment dispensary, Room 2096, Na-
tural Science Building, daily except
Saturday from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,
or may be sent directly to the Medical
and Surgical Relief Committee, 420
Lexington Avenue, New York, N.Y.
The Relief Committee, conducted
by a nation-wide group of doctors,
has dedicated itself to a medical re-
lief program for the armed and civil-
ian forces of the United Nations. To
PART TIME help wanted. Sandwich
maker, waitresses, waiters, dish
washers. Good pay. University
Grill. William Street, third door
from State. Phone 9268,
MIMEOGRAPIING: thesis binding.
Brumnfield and Brumfield, 308 S
HIGHEST CASH PRICE paid for
your discarded wearing apparel,
Claud Brown, 512 S. Main Street.
ROOMS for rent, at 839 Oakland,
LOST and FOUND
WAR BOND PREMIERE
State Theatre Wednesday, Feb. 9th
CARY GRANT in
"DESTINATION TOKYO "
A FREE TICKET with every $50 or larger bond
[T'S IN THE AIR. You can feel it, every
time the Axis is struck. This is the,
climax year, the year of decision,
In history, 1944 will be the big year
of the war -every stroke for victory
counts more now. That's why it's vitally
important foreveryAmericanto be athis
post, doing his part right now.
You, personally, have an
important job in winning the
war-buying War Bonds. It's
not glamorous-no,.not even
a sacrifice, really, because
you are only lending your I
money, to be returned with
interest. But it is essential to complete
Your part in this year of decision is
at least one ext ra $100 Bond, above
your regular Bond buying, That is your
minimum individual quota. But don't
stop there.Remember wars are won only
by all-out effort. So buy $200,
$300, $500 worth-buy more
than you can afford. And buy
your Bonds where you work-
at the plant or at the office.
Your country is counting
. ! on you-let's make the year
of decision OUR year!
Official Issuing Agency Here Bonds Issued, Day or Night
Continuous from 1 P.M.
yc'LLove trAT lS I4 A AS4Y4jPV
OtIVIA RO DER1
LOST---A white crepe evening blouse
with sequins, in a black paper bag,
in ladies' lounge at League last
Saturday. Reward if returned to
Edith Olggon, 836 E. University.
LOST-Scarab bracelet and ne ck=
la ce; colored stones with itscrip-
[on of beetles on back. Rewaird.
Call 21244. Ask for M. Voigtsberger.
LOST-Plain black leather billboki
betwvecn Michigan D aily and E.
This sticker in your window means you have bought 4th War Loan securities.
1441 BACK THE ATTACK!
ARTWAY CLEANERS .... 501 East Williams St.
EUREKA TAILOR SHOP ... 112 West Huron St.
ICYERLAUNDfRY ...... 27 SouthkMn n t_