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January 23, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-23

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FIGHT
JANUARY 14-31

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Weather

VOL. LIV No. 61 ANN ARBOR, MICMGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 23, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies

Outflank

Nazi

Positions

in

Roosevelt Leadership
Hailed by Democrats
National Committee Selects Chicago
As Convention Site; Leaves Date Open
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.-The Democratic National Committee, turn-
ing its meeting into virtually a fourth term rally, called on President Roose-
velt today to "continue as the great world humanitarian leader" in both
war and peace.
After selecting Chicago as the national convention site and installing,
youthful Robert E. Hannegan, hailed as a "second Jim Farley," as new Na-
tional Chairman, the committee members roared approval for a i'esolution
declaring the "liberal spirit and far-sighted idealism" of Franklin D.
Roosevelt "must be imprinted in the,

peace."
"We, assembled here, realizing his
world leadership and knowing that
our allies are praying, with us for the
continuation of his services both in
war and peace," the resolution con-
cluded, "do now earnestly solicit him
to continue as the great world hu-
manitarian leader."
Thus, the resolution stopped s.hort
of calling for a fourth term in so
many words but there was no mis-
taking that the committee members
regarded it as a plea for the President
the run again.
Chicago won the convention with-
out making any specific, offer as to
money, and over a surprise bid from
Detroit. Mayor Edward J. Kelly of
Chicago simply promised on behalf of
a non-partisan citizens committee
that Chicago would meet expenses of
the convention.
The Republicans, who will meet in
Chicago in June, were guaranteed
$75,000. It is understood, however,
that civic leaders have given assur-
ance more money will be forthcoming
If this does not cover costs.
The Democratic committee left the
date of the convention up to Hanne-
gan, 40-year-old Missouri Irishman
who succeeds Postmaster General
Frank C. Walker as national chair-
man.
Convoy Defeats
German Attack
Two Ships Damaged
In Sub, Plane Assault
LONDON, Jan. 22.-(P)-German
planes using new radio-controlled
glider bombs and a great swarm of
U-boats attacked an important At-
lantic convoy in another "Battle of
the Bay of Biscay" recently, but were
decisively defeated with damage to
only two of the convoy's ships, an
Admiralty-Air Ministry communique
disclosed tonight.
The battle in all its phases lasted
four days and three nights. At least
one submarine was sunk, two prob-
ably were sunk, and several others
were damaged, and a number of big
enemy bombers were shot down.
To protect the convoy, the first
attacked by long - range German
bombers in more than a year, British
and Canadian warships were rushed
to the scene from all directions and
U.S. and British planes were flown
into the area from Gibraltar, the
newly obtained bases on the Azores
and from England itself.
Bolivia To Declare
War Against Axis
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22-(P)-The
new Bolivian government disclaimed
any link with forces unfriendly to the
United States by announcing today
that it would declare war on the
Axis.
The announcement came at a time
when two Latin American republics
had declared they would not give
recogntion to the new government
which swept into power Dec. 20 in
a swift coup d'etat that unseated
President Penaranda.
Uruguay had declared earlier in
the day that it would not recognize
the new government "while present
circumstances persist" and Cuba an-
nounced later that it had decided to
withhold recognition.
Campus News Will Be
Broadcast over WKAR
"Campus Chatter," a new weekly
feature of Station WKAR, East Lan-
sing, will be broadcast by speech stu-
dents through the facilities of Mor-
gic Tr e+ >Af40n n m tnmrr.

Reds Approach
Key Rail Hub
Near Leningrad
Beaten Nazi Besiegers
Flee Before Russians,
Leaving 2,500 Dead
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Sunday, Jan. 23.-The
Russiaps, pursuing the beaten Ger-
man besiegers of Leningrad, have
closed to within six miles of the great
rail hub of Krasnogvardeisk controll-
ing the trunk railways to Estonia and
Poland while other forces to the east
have cleared a second Leningrad-
Moscow rail route and are advanc-
ing to free the third.
The Moscow midnight bulletin, re-
corded by the Soviet Monitor, said 70
towns and hamlets were captured
and over 2,500 Germans were killed in
the Leningrad area. In one sector a
group of Germans fled in panic when
a Soviet advance surprised them and
on all sectors many prisoners and
much booty were captured.
Many Germans laid down their
arms and surrendered in the forests
west of Nogorod, less than 100 miles
south of Leningrad as the Russians
cleaned out the last pockets of sur-
rounded Nazis. The railway station
of Tatino, 20 miles north of Nov-
gorod, and two other unnamed sta-
tions were captured after a fierce
battle, the communique said.
Gains were also made in southern
White Russia where seven commun-
ities were taken as the forces of Gen.
Konstantine R ok osso vs k y reached
out from captured Kalinkovichi
through the Pripet Marshes.
The Leningrad fighting saw the
day's greatest advances as Gen. Le-
onid A. Gorov's forces captured Ko-
molovo and Zaitsevo, both six miles
northwest of Krasnogvardeisk.
President Creates
War Refugee Board
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.- (Af')-
President Roosevelt created a War
Refugee Board tonight and directed
it to attempt the rescue of "the vic-
tims of enemy oppression who are
in imminent danger of death."
The board consists of the Secre-
taries of State, Treasury and War
who are empowered to appoint a
full-time executive director to ad-
minister the refugee assistance pro-
gram.
A White House statement said the
President's action was designed to
bring about immediate rescue from
the Nazis of "as many as possible of
the persecuted minorities of Europe
-racial, religious or political-all
civilian victims of enemy savagery."

RAF Raid
Hammers
Magde burg
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 22.-The central
German industrial city of Magde-
burg, twice destroyed by fire centur-
ies ago, once more was ablaze tonight
after a terrific hammering by the
RAF which brought to a climax a
mighty 26-hour aerial battle involv-
ing perhaps 3,000 Allied planes.
Large sections of the city, a rail
junction harboring a wide variety of
war industries, were left in flames by
a deluge of more than 2,000 long tons
of explosives and incendiaries drop-
ped with saturating effect in 34 min-
utes by planes which flew more than
500 miles to reach their targets.
The assault brought to at least
6,300 tons the total weight of bombs
hurled on Europe by Allied air arma-
das in two nights and a day. An RAF
assault on Berlin Thursday night
and an American heavy bomber
pounding of the "rocket gun coast"
of France Friday were the other
principal raids.
While the RAF was pulverizing
Magdeburg, 'capital of the Prussian
province of Saxony lying on the left
bank of the Elbe 83 miles southwest
of Berlin, smaller fleets of four-en-
gined Lancasters and Plywood Mos-
quitos again visited bomb-scarred
Berlin, and the Germans unwrapped
a new type of night raider to make
their heaviest assault in a year
against London...
The widespread night operations
cost the.British 52 bombers, one of
the heaviest losses suffered by the
RAF, although a total of around
1,000 planes were believed to have
been involved so that the losses were
probably were kept down to five per
cent.
Graft Charges
Levied Against7
20 Legislators'
LANSING, Mich., Jan. 22.-(/)-
Circuit Judge Leland W. Carr's one-
man grand jury today ordered the ar-
rest of 20 members and former mem-
bers of the Michigan legislature, and
six officials of finance companies,
charging they corruptly conspired to '
influence legislative votes on bills in
the 1939 session of the legislature.
The warrant charges a common
law conspiracy by making and ful-
filling promises of bribes.
The warrant charges that bribes
were. paid on three different pieces1
of legislation, one of them regulating
small loan interest rates, a second
providing procedures for foreclosing1
chattel mortgages and limiting de-
ficiency judgments on such mort-
gages, and the third a bill to regulatej
retail and installment contracts cov-
ering motor vehicles.
The warrant alleges that the en-1
tire group of defendants "did unlaw-
fully and wickedly agree, combine,
conspire, confederate and engage to,
with and among themselves, and to
and with each other, and to and with
divers other persons to me unknown,
wilfully and corruptly to affect and
influence the action of the legisla-
ture" on the three bills mentioned
and "divers other measures and bills
then and there pending."
"Promises to accept and receive
such bribes, money, and other things
of value" were given and made by
the respective respondents in viola-
tion of the law and the legislators'
oaths of office, the warrant charged.

B-26 Bomber Downed over German-Occupied Land

These remarkable Army Air Forces photos show a B-26 Marauder medium bomber plunging earth-
ward in two pieces after being severed by enemy fire while on a mission over German-occupied Europe.
On left the tail assembly and part of the fuselage of the Martin bomber hurtle downward on right, the
wings, motors, and forward part of the fuselage head for destruction.

Willow Run
Umon Members
To Meet Here
Three Day Educational
Training Conference
Will Convene Friday
More than 20 members of Local 50
UAW-CIO at the Willow Run Bomb-
er Plant will convene here in a three
day educational training conference
Friday.
All meetings will be held in the
Rackham Building and are being
staged in cooperation with the Uni-
versity Extension Service.
This is the first such meeting the
Union has ever had and union of-
ficials indicated yesterday that the
meeting has a two-fold purpose:
1) to train members in directing
discussion groups so that they in
turn can organize such groups in
their own communities and centers.
2) to train qualified men to lead
classes in collective bargaining,
which is mandatory under the Union
by-laws.
Those professors to take part in
the conference include Prof. Wesley
Maurer of the journalism depart-
ment, Prof. Howard McClusky, of
the psychology department, Prof.
Kenneth G. Hance of the speech
department, and Prof. Oren Ulrey of
the agricultural economics depart-
ment of MSC.
The conference will confine itself
to a discussion of educational meth-
ods as applied to Union activity and
will explore contracts, collective bar-
gaining, workers' compensation safe-
ty rules, unemployment compensa-
tion and other related topics.
15 Jap Planes Downed
ADVANCED A L L I E D HEAD-
QUARTERS, New Guinea, Sunday,
Jan. 23.-(P)-Destruction of 15 Jap-
anese planes during a raid on Ra-
baul, New Britain, was reported to-
day by Gen. Douglas MacArthur's
headquarters. The attackers lost six
planes.

BENEFIT CONCERT:
Bomber .SchoJ
Sym honic, S
Plans are being made for Michi-
gan's most recent innovation, an
afternoon of both symphonic and
swing music featuring the Michigan
Concert Band and- Earl "Father"
Hines and his orchestra which will
be held Sunday afternoon, Feb. 13,
in Hill Auditorium.
The program will fall into two
parts highlighting the concert band
in its winter concert under the baton
Stowe To Talk
Here Tuesday
Reporter Will Describe
Russian Battlefields
A war correspondent's experiences
on the battlefields of Russia will be
described by Leland Stowe at 8:30
p.m. Tuesday in Hill Au'ditorium in a
lecture entitled "What I Saw in Rus-
sia."
Mr. Stowe, who has covered almost
every important political and diplo-
matic event in Europe and South
America, has written a book about
his experiences, "They Shall Not
Sleep" which was just published last
week.
Since July, 1941 the noted journal-
ist has been in the Far East, sending
stories home to his American readers
from such spots as Burma, Rangoon,
Chungking, India and Russia.
He has covered the conquest of
Ethiopia, and every important front
of World War II, Oslo, Stockholm,
Brenner Pass, Moscow, Bucharest,
Istanbul, Ankara, Sofia, Belgrade,
S lonika and Athens.
His ability to forecast the trend of
international developments won him
the Pulitzer Prize in 1930 for his
stories and articles about the Young
Reparations Conference.
Besides his recent book, he is the
author of the best-seller, "No Other
Road to Freedom."
Individual tickets for the lecture
which is the fourth in the current
Oratorical Association Series will be
sold Monday and Tuesday in the box
office at Hill Auditorium.
Congress Tackles
Soldier Vote Again
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.--P)--A
second attempt to get a federal ser-
vicemen's ballot bill through Con-
gress gathered momentum today
amid increasing prospects of a par-
liamentary snarl over the controver-
sial subject.
Briefly, this is the situation:
mt , . , , , __

farship Plans
win Program
of William D. Revelli, followed by an
Earl Hines' symposium of swing.
This- year's edition of the concert
band comprises 75 musicians in-
cluding both servicemen and civilian
men and women.
The entire program is sponsored
by the Bomber Scholarship Fund in
cooperation with the University Mu-
sical Society, the band organization
and the Michigan Union Council.
The concert band has scheduled their
annual winter concert as part *,Of the
afternoon program.
The Bomber Scholarship- born
out of the emergency of the war-is
a student fund designed to provide
financial assistance for Michigan
students to come back to school after
the war.
The Fund began in the spring of
1942 and to date has collected more
than $30,000 towards its goal of
$100,000 from campus organizations
and individual donations. .
Noted for his "trumpet piano
style," Hines in recent years has
carved a niche for himself in the
swing hall of fame.
His whole organization including
Billy Eckstein and Madeline Greene
and the 20-piece orchestra will be on
hand for the performance.
A combined committee represent-
ing the Michigan Union Council, the
Bomber Scholarship Fund, the con-
cert band organization and The
Daily is making arrangements for
the program.
Waste Paper
Drive Opened
Starting off in high gear, the sec-
ond campus waste paper drive is well
underway as students collect old
newspapers, magazines, cardboard
boxes and scrap paper to contribute
to the war effort.
Collections will be made Thursday
by the Washtenaw Salvage Commit-
tee.
The campaign is under the joint
sponsorship of Assembly and :Pan-
hellenic and it is requested that the
league houses, sororities, cooperatives
and dormitories which are partici-
pating in the drive bring their col-
lections to a certain specified house
in their zone in order to facilitate
picking up the waste paper.
Contributions should be put on the
curb Wednesday night as the trucks
probably will make the pick ups early
Thursday morning.
Henry Ford II Elected
. DETROIT, Jan. 22. -(0P) - The
election of Henry Ford II as a vice-
president of the Ford Motor Coi-
pany was announced at the company
offices here today. The announce-
r + con 110 ln 177 Am + n^ _

Italy
Yanks, British
Make Landing
Southof Rome
Little Opposition Met
In Surprise Attack
By Amphibious Troopi
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Jan. 22-American and Brit-
ish troops by the thousands landed
practically without opposition on the
beaches south of Rome and moved
inland today in a daring, successful
seaborne blow that completely sur-
prised the Germans and deeply out-
flanked the powerful "Gustav" and
"Adolph Hitler" defense lines.
. The Germans placed the scene 16
to 28 miles south of Rome on a 30-
mile flat coast between the Tiber
River mouth and the resort town of
Nettuno, and they admitted loss of
Nettuno harbor.
Communications Threatened
Allied Headquarters merely said it
was south of Rome but officially de-
scribed the assault as "another phase
in our objective to take Rome." The
landings caught the Nazis by "con
plete surprise" and "constitute a
grave menace" to enemy communi-
cations, headquarters said.
Troops who splashed ashore net
"slight" resistance and are making
"satisfactory progress" in their drive
inland, it was announced hours after
the pre-dawn onslaught.
Admittedly a hazardous gamble,
the great amphibious stroke that
ended the Italian deadlock was timed
perfectly with a new general Fift4
Army offensive on the land front
which .fully occupied, the stubborn
German Tenth Army.
(The NBC correspondent in Naples
reported the Germans facing the old
front in the Liri valley "have started
to break, and enemy vehicles now
are moving northward.")
Nazi Activity Slight
While landing craft swarmed onto
the beaches of Rome's one-tlme
bathing resorts, Allied airmen said
German air activity was practically
non-existent.
The battle-wise British and Amer-
ican troops lost no time in taking ad-
vantage of the situation by smashing
straight inland toward the Appian
Way and the roads leading to Rome.
Severing of these routes, 12 and 22
miles from the coast, would trap the
bulk of the German Tenth Army, 13
divisions strong, and leave the path
to Rome itself virtually undefended.
There appeared to be little chance
that the enemy could bring other
divisions southward from the Po Val-
ley to protect Rome.
Pl a yProduction
Picks Comedy
Shakespeare's "The Comedy of Er-
rors" will be given by Play Produc-
tion of the speech department at
8:30 p.m. Feb. 9-12 and at 2:30 p.m.
Feb. 12 in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
One of the most popular Shakes-
pearean productions, "The Comedy
of Errors" is a series of farcical situ-
ations which are occasioned by the
confusion between two sets of twins,
Antipholus of Syracuse and Antipho-
lus of Ephesus, and their twin ser-

vants, the two Dromios.
To complicate matters even more,
a romantic mix-up aids in furthering
the comedy and one error follows
another error throughout the entire
play.
The production is being planned
now and announcement of the cast
will be made later. An unusual feaN
ture of this production is that there
will be a matinee performance.
Tickets for all performances will
be placed on sale at the Lydia Men-
delssohn boxoffice Feb. 9 with mail
orders being received before that
time.
Second Union Social
Will Be Held Today
The second Union Sunday Social
will be held from 2:30 to 5:30 p.m.
today in the north lounge of the
Union for the benefit of University
men and their dates.
This affair has been planned espe-
cially for servicemen and their guests

1

Dr. Sink Announces May Festival Artists

Starring six major artists of the
Metropolitan Opera Association in
addition to such instrumentalists as
Nathan Milstein, Gregor Piatigorsky
and the piano team of Luboshutz
and Nemenoff, the fifty-first annual
May Festival will be held May 4, 5,
6, 7 in Hill Auditorium, Dr. Charles
Sink, President of the University
Musical Society, announced yester-
day.
Soloists Named
For the ninth consecutive year, the
Philadelphia Orchestra, under the
h+atncofRanR Ormnncivnndie-

Union will combine with Rose Bamp-
ton, Miss Thorborg, Mr. Kullman
and Lansing Hatfield to present
Mendelssohn's oratorio "Elijah."
Salvatore Baccaloni, who received
an ovation after his appearance at
last year's May Festival, will be the
soloist at the opening concert Thurs-
day, May 4, while Bidu Sayao, the
famous Brazilian soprano, will make
her first Ann Arbor appearance at
the Saturday evening concert.
Youth Chorus To Sing
The Concerto for Two Pianos by
Carl McDonald with the two-piano
team of Luboshutz and Nemenoff as

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