THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WED14ESDAY, NOV. 3,
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Miehign under the authority of the Board in Controj
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NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN RICHARDS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Honor System To Give
More Self Government
LOOKING OVER the new eligibility rules, it
seems that at last University students are
going to be treated like adults and not like high
school students who need constant supervision.
First semester freshmen are to be allowed to
participate in activities and eligibility cards will
no longer be required. According to Dean Burs-
ley, the program will be operated purely on the
This means that we are getting a certain
amount of student self-government. There is
no reasgn why this program cannot be suc-
cessful, for any student who is not capable of
accepting the responsibility involved does not
belong at a university.
Such a program as this is especially needed at
the present time. Because of it freshman girls
will be able to take over the work formerly done
by the ground crew, and many other campus
organizations will be able to continue operations
despite the shortages of students on campus this
HEN the present emergency is over, this plan
should be continued. Michigan has long
been noted for its utter lack of any self-govern-
ment. Students have been treated like puppets,
incapable of exercising independent judgment.
College seems to be a logical place to learn
how to budget our time and to put important.
Michigan students have been subject to too
much regimentation. The difference between
America and totalitarian countries, is that
Americans are allowed to think for themselves.
America now more than ever needs citizens who
are capable of intelligent, independent thinking.
The new honor system seems to be designed
with the purpose of training students towards
this end. Let us hope that the University will
see the need of free thinking citizens after the
war as well as now and that this fine system will
be continued. - Doris Peterson
House Committee Toys
With New Tax Question
FROM the way the House Ways and Means
Committee is going about the tax question,
many Congressmen are wary of their scalps come
next eletion time..
Haggling over a one-cent increase in post-
age rates, and varying degrees of increased
taxe on liurious living doesn't add up to a
pot of beans in paying for the battles we have
fought and must fight to win the war.
It seems that our Congressmen don't think
the American people will be willing to dig deeper
into their war money and pay the price the war
is exacting. Maybe they think it is so nice to
occupy-a Washington office that they don't want
to arouse the anger of their constituents by vot-
ing higher personal income and corporate taxes.
Any man with only a vague sense of money
matters realizes that you don't get anything for
nothing. The economy minded Congressmen
have come to the same conclusion, no doubt, but
POLL TAX BILL:
Does Congress Have
Power To Interfere?
N THE LAST CONGRESS, an anti-poll tax
bill progressed as far as the Senate, where it
was filibustered out of the picture. Now it is
being debated again in the Senate Judiciary
The argument is centered in the question of
whether Congress has power to interfere with
State-enacted qualifications for voters in Fed-
The Constitution rules that voters for Repre-
sentatives or Senators "shall have the qualifica-
tions requisite for electors of the most numerous-
branch of the State Legislature." The State,
then, has the right to set the prerequisites for
its voters. This power is limited only by Consti-
tutional amendments forbidding the State to
deny suffrage to citizens because ofrrace, color,
previous condition of servitude, or sex. The
Southerners have a basis for the f objection to
the legality of the poll tax abolition by Congress.
HOWEVER, the poll tax is, in effect, a means
of limiting suffrage in eight Southern states.
Many Negroes and poor whites are denied the
right to vote by a qualification of a monetary
nature. The increase in the number of ballots
cast in states after the repeal of the poll tax
(i.e. in Florida a 100% jump) is proof of this.
The need for a reform is recognized among
upholders of democracy; the means of putting
it into effect is questioned. Congressional in-
terference would violate the Constitution. The
separation of powers isone of the checks and
balances that the Fathers instituted to pre-
vent the seizure of government by one party.
If Congress abolished the poll tax, it would set
a -precedent which creates the power to dis-
criminate against a particular grpup on a na-
The solution to the problem would be, it seems,
an amendment to the Constitution stating that
no State may impose a property qualification or
a poll tax for the electoral privilege. Thus basic
control of the franchise would be preserved to
the States and dictatorship would be prevented.
The right to vote, then granted equally and
without prejudice, would be the instrument of
democracy-in-action. - Pat Cameron
Anti-Trust Laws Should
Bust Insurance Units
XTTORNEY GENERAL Francis Biddle recent-
ly expressed his opposition to a Senate Bill,
now in the hands of a Senate Judiciary Sub-
committee, which states, in effect, that the
Sherman and Clayton anti-trust acts should not
be applied to the regulation of the business of
Biddle cited many cases of illegal and mon-
opolistic practices of various insurance compan-
ies. These companies, although operating as
part of a vast interstate s6heme, cannot be
prosecuted since they are under the authority
of state laws. Among the cases were examples
of high and discriminatory premium rates, elim-
ination of competition and of lobbying in state
Insurance companies provide a valuable and
useful service which reaches out into the life
and personal interests of every citizen just as
public utilities do. Surely it is no more reason-
able to allow insurance companies to practice
price-fixing and to make agreements contrary
to public interest than it is to allow a water-
works to charge exorbitant rates.
A TTORNEY GENERAL BIDDLE states: "To
condemn a combination formed to prevent
competition in the furnishing of the materials
used in the construction of a house or in the
work of its erection and yet uphold a combina-
tion that will prevent competition in insuring
those materials or the house tonbe constructed
is to lose sight of substance and to pursue a
The American spirit of fair play and fair
competition is entirely incompatible with the
unfair practices of these insurance companies.-
- Jennie Fitch
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Nov. 3-1. You cannot test the
new Moscow Declarations merely by feeling your
pulse and asking yourself whether you like them
or not. There will be a great deal of this kind
of political baby-talk. But the real tests are:
Will these agreements shorten the war? Will
they help us to win the peace? The answers are
yes. The Declarations are a great triumph.
2. The Moscow Declarations are more than
a mere accommodation among the interests of
the great powers. They represent the formal
adoption of a new foreign policy by the west,
a foreign policy of winning and preserving the
peace by collaboration with Russia. This is
the famous meeting at Munich in reverse. This
ends an era. This cancels Munich.
3. The Moscow Declarations are an instru-
ment for winning the war. They indicate that
an agreement has been reached on the invasion
of the Continent.
WE HAVE FOUND OUR CHARACTER
4. The Moscow Declarations are more than
a mere technical improvement in our past for-
eign policy; they represent the adoption of a
foreign policy of an entirely different kind. For
one, so long as we had the conception that strong
men (or weak men, whom we might make strong)
were needed to keep order in Europe, we were
afraid of the people of Europe. Now that we
have found the courage to go to Moscow, in de-
cent, manly, self-respecting style, we seem, rather
than having lost our character, to have regained
it. We have- thrown away many sickly fears;
we are full of vitamins we seemed to lack not
5. The Moscow Declarations are our first
formal appeal to the people of Europe to help
us win the war. Specifically, the Moscow De-
clarations promise freedom to Austria, but
warn Austria that her future will depend on
the extent of her aid to the Allies. The Declar-
ations draw a line between Nazi officials who
are guilty of atrocities, and those who are not;
they warn the latter not to join the former.
The Declarations promise the people of each
country in Europe the right to punish Nazi
officials guilty of atrocities in their lands. The
Declarations promise Italy that all vestiges of
fascism will be erased, that there will be free-
dom of speech, worship, political belief, press
and public meeting. These are hard blows in
the field of political warfare; sharp, aimed,
directed. All of them summon the people of
Europe into partnership, as allies to shorten
and win the war.
THE RESOLUTION COMES ALIVE
6. The Moscow Declarations give new mean-
ing to the Connally resolution in the United
States Senate, which can no longer be considered
apart from this new development. Passage of
the Connally resolution now means endorsement
of a particular way of life among the nations,
a way of life already in effect and operating. The
Moscow Declarations pull the Connally resolution
out of its vacuum,
7. The Moscow Declarations put into cor-
rect perspective such questions as those of the
independence of the small nations, the precise
delimitation of borders in Europe, etc. Peoples
which rise and fight against Hitler are en-
titled to more than are peoples which remain
inert and do not; countries which show a de-
sire, on the battlefield and in their political
struggles, to join the free world, shall have
recognition that shall be denied to countries
whose leaders sit tight and depend on "his-
torical claims." The Moscow Declarations say
that the history which counts is being made
THE GREAT ADVENTURE
8. The Moscow Declarations are more than
just another set of agreements. The new three-
power European Advisory Commission to sit in
London; the new commission on Italy, which
includes the French Committee; the decision to
fight together and make peace together, to
search for an international authority together;
these are not dead clauses but living organisms,
capable not merely of interpretation, but of
growth. They cannot be fully analyzed in ad-
vance any more than life itself can be analyzed
in advance. This is the great adventure of our
time. Those who hold back from it will be dead
men, in several senses of the word.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Wages Must Be Fixed
To End Shifting Labor
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S announcement
that job-freezing will probably come in the
near future is another test for wartime labor.
Left up to the honor of the individual, war-
time jobs in industry have failed in part. This
failure has been great enough to set back the
production of airplane and munitions factories.
The shifting of workers from one factory to
another was not stopped by searing them with
thirty days of unemployment. Making a dol-
lar an hour instead of fifty cents an hour paid
them in the long run.
rTHESE have been evils of wartime labor. In
all probability the flow of workers from fac-
tory to factory will be stopped by job-freezing;
however, these labor leaders, company execu-
-,Cu agecy o FTmeInc.
"-and to my old and valued cook, hulda Smorgasbord, who has served
me well and faithfully for seven weeks, I leave $10,000."
GRIN AND BEAR IT
(Continued fr m Page 3)
Sigma Society. The public is cor-
University Lerre: Dr. Eugene R.
Kellersberger, fonrier medical mis-
sionary in the Belgian Congo, will
lecture on the subject, "Tryano o-
miasis (African sleeping sickness) ",
illustrated, in the Amhitheate, sec-
ond floor of the University Hospital,
on Friday, November 12, at 1:30 p. m.
under the auspices of the Hygenic
Laboratory. The public is cordially
Oratorical Association Lecture:
Course: The season ticket sdle for
lecture course tickets is now taking
place. The- Fill Auditorium bo df-
fice is open daily -from 10 to' 1ad
from 2 to 5. The complete course is
Nov. 18-Will Rogers, Jr., "The
United States min oreign Affairs;",
Dec. 1-Fulton Lewis, Jr., "What'si
Happening in Washington;" Dec. 1-3
-Burton Holmes, "Our Russian Al-
lies" with motion pictures; Jaa 13 -
Louis P. Lochner; "What About Ger-
many?;" Jan. 25Leland Stowe,
"What I Saw on the Russian Front;"
Feb. 22-Burton Aolmues, "INorth Af-
rica" with motion pictures; March 8
-Madam Wellington Koo, "What
China Is Fighting For;" March 23-
Burton Holmes, "The Italy We]
Knew" with motion pictures.
Good seats are still available.
The Medical Aptitude Test of the I
Assoiadon of Anierican Colleges, a
normal requirement for admission to
practically all medical schools, will
be given on Friday, Nov. 5, through-E
out the United States. The test,
which will require about two hours,t
will be given in Ann Arbor in the1
Rackham Lecture flail from 3 to 5
Any student planning to enter a
medical school andwho has iot-pre-
viously taken the Atitude Test
should do so at this time. You are
requested to be inyur seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you t'Wo well-
The fee of $1.0 is payable at the
Cashier's Office through Nov. 4.
''C. S. Yoakum
Program in Regional Administra-
tion and ReconsructOln in tine Divi-
sion for Emergency T-aining-Course
303-Seminar 'in yidd1e Eu rope. In-
tensive study of certain aspects of a
region within the larger area of Mid..-
dle Europe and of the life of the peo-
ple living therein. The seminar is
designed to folloW the course 203
(Survey and Analysis of l tiddle Eu-
rope) which was given diuruig the
summer term. This course may be
elected by those who were enrolled in
Course 203 and by graduate students
and seniors who are majoring in one
of the social sciences and who have
adequate backgroUnd, with the ap-
proval of ther adises, of the i-
structor, and of a representative of
the Division for Emergency Training.
Tuesday, 7-9, Hostie Room 308 Li-
First meeting Tuesday, November 9.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science ad the rts:
By action of the 'Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must, elect ?hysical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
r__ t-_ a.«~+ ...4 h so
Hall); by all other studenits to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Fall Term.-
The Administrative Board of the
College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts
Engineering First Term Civilian
and V-12 Students: The Carngie
Foundation Pre-Engineering Inven-
tory battery of tests will be given
today in the Lecture Room, the Rack-
ham Building. Report at 8:50 a. m.
and 1:20p. m.
These tests are required for first-
term civilians and V-12 engineering
freshmen. No others may take the
A. D. Moore
Pro-seminar in English Drama,
211c, will meet Wednesday, - in
2211 4H with Professor Tilley -
N. E. Nelson
English 211e Pro-seminar in Lit-
erary Criticism will meet Thursday,
3-5, in 3223 AH.
N. E. Nelson
Graduate Students in Speech: Ex-
ploratory examinations will be given
tonight at 7:00 in room 4203 Angell
Hall for all applicants for higher
degrees in 'Speech who have not pre-
viously taken the examinations.
Anthropology 157, Evolution of
Culture, will meet in Room 215 Eco-
noTics Building, MWF at 10.
Leslie A. White
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, Nov. 5, at 4:00 p. m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Dictionaries
may be used.
Math. 135, Topics in Differential
Geometry and Higher Geometry, is
meeting Tuesdays and Thursdays at
8. o'clock and Saturdays at 9 o'clock
in 3201 Angell Hall.
G. Y Rainich
Political Science 273: Organization
medting on Thursday, Nov. 4, at 7:00-
p. m. in room 215 Haven Hall.
Psychology 63 will meet in Room
C, 'Haven Hall.
Math 300. Orientation Seminar.
frelimmnary meeting today at 4
o'clock in 3001 Angell Hall to decide
G. Y. Rainich
Psychology 207 will meet for organ-
ization on Friday, Nov. 5, at 4:00
p. mh. in Room 2127 Natural Science
Choral Union Concerts: Ten con-
certs will be given by the University-
Musical'- Society in the Sixty-fifth
annual Series in Hill Auditorium, as
Cleveland Orchestra, Erich Leins-
dorf, Conductor; Sunday, Nov. 7 at 9
p.m. (This concert will be broadcast
over the Mutual System). Marian
Anderson, Contralto, Monday, Nov.
15. Yehudi Menuhin, Violiist, Tues-
day, Nov. 23. Claudio 4rrau, Pianist,
FI'riday, Dec. 3. Boston Symphony,
Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor,
Wednesday, Dec. 8. DonrCossack
WASHINGTON, Nov. 3 - Hand-
some, platinum-haired Ed Stettinius,
Acting Secretary of State, telephoned
"Assistant President" Jimy Byrnes,
asked that he call a meetihg of the
War Mobilization Cabinet to consider
cancellation of war contracts where
foreign countries are involved. Al-
ready various war contracts are be-
ing cancelled, and soine of the can-
cellations, especially those involving
the purchase of metals, mean break-
ing commitments to foreign govern-
Byrnes agreed, called the meeting
for M1onday, Oct. 25. On Monday
morning, Stettinius phoned again.
"We've got to call off the War Mo'
bilization Cabinet meeting," he said.
"Why?" asked the puzzled Anyrnes.
"Feis has resigned," replied Stet-
tinius. "He's the expert on foreign
war contracts." He was referring
to Herbert Feis, Economic Adviser
to the Secretary of State.
"Well, can't you come to the meet-
ing and present your views to the
cabinet?" suggested Byrnes.
"No," replied Stettinius, "Feis is
the only man who knows anyting
about the subject."
The special' cabinet session was
Note: Herbert Fels, related by
marriage to the late President Gar-
field, is a distinguished "liberal
economist appointed by Secretary
of State Stimson under Hoover. His
resignation was haide4I Hull
shortly after the resignation of ,
Sumner Welles, at which time Hul)
began to sweep out liberals. Wh
newgapers revealed this clean-oi
1uil lield up acceptance of Feis..
resignation, left word that it bean-
nounced while he was in Moscow
Relief to Europe,...
Tomorrow (Nov. 4) Herbert Hoover
is scheduled to testify before a Sen-
ate Foreign Relations suk-conriittee
on the question of priyate Amierican
relief to occupied European countries
-France, Bielgium, -1o-fl0and-under
the same system as relief to occipied
This will' be one of the very rare
occasions 'the ex-President of the
United St-ates has set foot ini the Cap-;
itol since he exited a decade ago.
Mr. Hoover may nwt know it, but
he was originally scheduled. to ap-
pear' in other distinguished com-
pany; including ex-Seeretary of the
Navy 'Josephus baniels a1 e-
Undersecretary of State- mner
Welles. At the last minute, how-
ever, something mysterious hap-
pened. They were not invited.
Here is the inside story. Last spring
Senators Taft of Ohio and Gillette
of Iowa (1 Dem.-1 ep.) - introduced
a resolution approving priv"ae feed-
ing of occupiedl countries on the
Greek plan. By. this plan food is sent
in Swedish ships, distributed by the
International Red (ross (Swiss),
which guarantees that no food goes
to Germany. The U. S. goyernment
All summer the bill gathered dust
in a Senate Foreign kelatins pigeon-
hole. Pushed by Senator illette,
hearings finally were ordered by a
sub-committee under liberal Elbert
Thomas of Utah. On Gillette's sug-
gestion, Senator Thomas agreed to
invite Hoover, Clarence Pickett, How-
ard Kershner-three Quakers experi-
enced in private foreign relief.
Senator Gillette also proposed
leading Catholic, Protestant, Jew-
ish witnesses, plus Daniels, Welles
and others. Welles, as Undersec-
retary of State, had certified that
no Greek relief food went to the-
Then suddenly, a week or so be-
fore the hearings, Senator Thomas
refused to invite Daniels, Welles, et
al, as proposed by Gillette. Mysteri-
ously silent about his reasons,
Thomas says officially he doesn't
want the hearings to drag too long.
But other members of the Foreign
Relations Committee intimate he has
orders from the State Department
and White House.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
COME enterprising soul
of humanity at heart
who has the interests
could make himself a
small fortune by opening a well-ventilated cheery
restaurant and serving digestible food to hungry
and foot-sore University students.
Eating places on campus are packed at break-
fast, lunch and dinner by unfortunate students'
who have no place to eat, waiting patiently for'
food that shouldn't be served to dogs. It's no
wonder that Health Service is beseiged with stu-
dents suffering from malnutrition.
New York manages to feed its seven million
decent and inexpensive food. Why can't Ann
Arbor? You can't buy a satisfactory meal at
any price in this town-as the students who
are forced to eat out will testify. The few-oh
how few!-restaurants where you can get a
half-way palatable dinner have lines curling
from here to Main Street. If you don't be-
Memorial Tower, daily, except Sun-
day. On Sunday, Nov. 7, the Hill
Auditorium box office will be open
from 2 to 5 in the afternoon, and
after 7 on the night- of the concert.
Charles A. Sink, President
U. of M. Girls' Glee Club tryouts
today at f:00 p. m. in the Kalamazoo
Room of the Michigan League.
Tutorial Committee meeting today
at 5:00 p. m. in the League Under-
graduate Office for anyone interested
in working on the files.
The Institute of Aeronautical