THE MICHIGAN fDAILY
FRIDAY; J.N 14, 1944
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
tier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Jane Farrant .
Eria Zalenski .
Bud Low . .
Harvey Frank .
Mary Anne Olson,
Doris Kuentz .
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
* . . .City Editor
. Associate Editor
. .. Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
* . . .Women's Editor
. . . Ass't Women's Editor
. . . . . Columnist
. . . Columnist
Molly Ann Winokur . . .B
Elizabeth Carpenter . . As,
Martha Opsion . . . . Asa
s't Bus. Manager
s't Bus. Manager
NIGT EDITOR: BARBARA HERRINTON
.editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Students Fail Dismally
To Help OPA Surveys
HE APPEAL made Tuesday through the busi-
ness administration school for volunteer price
panel assistants to help in OPA price ceiling
surveys has apparently fallen on deaf ears.
The Ann Arbor office needs these assistants
desperately. The work involves interviewing
,Merchants for the filling out, of questionaires.
A large number of volunteers is needed because
many surveys, including inspection of prices
of meats, canned goods and clothing, are plan-
ned in coming weeks.
The Women's War Council, which is doing
a splendid job of coordinating other war activ-
ities such as surgical dressings work and sale of
war bonds, has now made the OPA surveys one
of its projects.
This vital work is just another example of
the many ways we can help in the war effort.
AT IT AGAIN:
GOP Jumps at Labor
Draft as 4th Term Bid
P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT wants to run for
a fourth term.
The Republican Party says so.
The Republican Party bases its statement on
the President's speech Tuesday in which he asked
Congress to enact legislation allowing the draft-
ing of men and women for war work. The
President was not thinking of the war effort
when he laid down his five-point program. He
was thinking of a fourth term.
Obviously, the GOP believes that drafting
labor will appeal to thevoters of this country.
It seems a little difficult to imagine the voters
going to the polls next November and voting
for Roosevelt because "he had my wife drafted
to work as a snot welder." It's just hard to
believe. But Roosevelt's request for a labor
draft was a bid for a fourth term in 1944.
God bless the Republican Party.
Work, Denials To Come
After Victory Is Won
RECENT magazine advertisements paint glow-
ing pictures of an automatic, gadgetized post-
war world with a refrigerator in every American
home and a population traveling leasurely from
resort to resort in luxurious streamlined trains
A large number of Americans are likewise
building castles in the "after-duration" air,
dreaming of beefsteaks, new automobiles and
a life similar to the one they left behind in
the "good old days."
More people are saying, "After the war we'll
take a trip to California" than are saying, "after
the war we'll do without as long as is necessary
so that America can help Europe and the rest
of the world to recover."-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.-The most potent,
backstage big-business lobby in Washington now
plugging for lower taxes happens to be financed
by the gracious exemptions of the United States
The lobbying job is done by members of such
organizations as the United States Chamber of
Commerce and the Committee for Economic De-
velopment, and they operate so successfully be-
cause the contributions which maintain them
are tax exempt. Any corporation which has
profits in the 90-per cent-excess-profits class can
make contributions to United States Chamber of
Commerce or Committee for Economic Develop-
ment practically without sacrifice. Since the
donations are deductible, 90 per cent 'of their
ionations are paid, indirectly, by Uncle Sam to
lobby against his future tax take.
On the other side of the ledger is the un-
fortunate fact that a fund for liberal causes is
not tax exempt. Federal tax Courts have just
ruled that the endowment created by Robert
Marshall to advance the cause of labor unions
and civil liberties is interested in "promoting
legislation" and therefore not deductible.
But if you are promoting legislation for lower
taxes, it's another matter. That can come out
of your income tax.
Everybody is aware of the butter shortage,
but not many are aware of the fact that dairy
herds are being depleted by State and Federal
slaughter at the rate of 10,000 hedd a month in
order to wipe out Bang's disease.
This is now the worst and most widespread
disease among all U. S. cattle. Department of
Agriculture officials claim they havereduced
Bang's disease 50 per cent in the past 10 years,
yet it still stands at the top of an unhealthy
list, with mastitis next, and tuberculosis was
down the line.
Ten thousand killed a month is a lot of cows,
yet officials defend the slaughter campaign.
They say most of the cows are "old cast-off ani-
mals" no longer profitable for dairy production.
,Also, they point out that owners are given the
privilege of keeping any animals Which may be
productive, even though diseased.
The disease produces undulant fever in hu-
mans, which caused the death of Edsel Ford.
Even more difficult to combat is mastitis, an
infection of the udder. Officials of the Agri-
culture Department have ample opportunity to
observe mastitis close at hand, for the herds
of the Soldiers' Home and St. Elizabeth's Hos-
pital are both infected. These herds have the
best care, and are not pushed for utmost pro-
duction, as are commercial herds, yet the dis-
,ease is persistent.
In fact, the combination of Bang's disease and
mastitis is making a serious, situation on a na-
Isolationist Senator Gerald Ny is facing a
bough race for re-election in North Dakota. The
decision will rest largely with the Non-Partisan
League's nomination in February. If he gets
the League, he can swing the State, and he is
reported flush with funds and spending a lot
of money to swing League delegates his way ...
The Leader, organ of the League, recently print-
ed a first-page letter from Quentin Burdick, son
of Congressman Usher Burdick of North Dakota,
calling Nye the "No. 1 American Fascist."
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
AND OYSTER SHELLS
ANYBODY now who sits on his duff and says
that things are going to get back to normal
after this war, that eyerything is going to be
just as it was and we can pick up again where
we left off on December 7, two years back, is
either a blind fool or a stupid escapist.
The government is taking over education just
as fast as it can. There never again will be a
generation that will be educated the way we
Liberal education has been dying for a long
time, but from here on in it's dead and it's
time enough now to realize it. We're the last
generation that's ever going to give a damn
whether all Gaul was divided into three parts
or a hundred and three.
Already you can go back and look at the high
schools in your home towns. If you come from
a little town, the high school has become an
agricultural center and Smith Hughe's funds
have financed a home economics, experimental
kitchen and a manual arts department that
looks like a miniature bomber plant. If you
come from a city, the commercial wing has
taken over the Latin rooms and the new class
valedictorian is a shorthand expert.
AT TWENTY or twenty-one or twenty-two
we're already the older generation. We're
- By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Jan. 14.-If the policy of scaring
the American people into the shakes is good for
their morale, then the best little morale workers
among us are Senators Wheeler and Chandler.
Senator Wheeler has just called the opening
of a second front "a tremendous gamble." He
has been glooming to the Washington report-
ers about our coming casualty lists.
To be sure, Mr. Wheeler did brighten up a bit
at the thought that if enough Americans die,
President Roosevelt will be defeated for re-elec-
tion. Never say that Senator Wheeler sees noth-
ing good in this war.
THE HEEBIE-JEEBIE LINE
But before our liberals line up to attack Sen-
ator Wheeler, they ought to remember that he
is only saying, a little more violently, and a little
more venomously, what some administration of-
ficials themselves have been saying. They have
been warning us of coming casualties, in order
to "shake our over-complacency." And Senator
Wheeler warns us of casualties. Is it good when
Mr. Byrnes does it, and bad when Senator Wheel-
er does it? He has merely carried the heebie-
jeebie propaganda line one stage forward. Mr.
Wheeler has reduced this propaganda line to an
absurdity, by making it an argument against
the second front itself; but the fact that he has
been able to reduce the woe-is-us line to an ab-
surdity merely proves that it was faulty in the
Our other little helper is Senator Chandler of
Kentucky, who is reported as describing the
coming second front as "a mammoth Tarawa,"
which would be "little short of mass murder."
Well, then, you can't accuse Senator Chandler
of being complacent. To that extent he is a
good boy, according to some of the adminis-
tration's crude manglers of morale.
But is it the aim of the administration, by
harping on dangers and casualties, to reduce the
general population to the state of mind of
Wheeler and Chandler?
WE CAN'T ALL USE IT
As things now stand, the Germans are using
the propaganda line that a second front will
mean huge American casualties; two anti-second
front Americans, Senators Wheeler and Chand-
ler, are using it, and the American government
is using it. Somebody must be making a mistake.
It can't be a good line for all three.
The administration is making the mistake.
It is criminal nonsense to suggest that the
American people, with 11,000,000 of their blood
kin in the services, are not thinking of casual-
ties. Of course they are thinking of casualties.
If, in spite of that thought, which lives with
the American people day and night, they are
still able to conduct themselves with a good
approximation of steadiness and cheerfulness,
then our people have won a profound victory
over normal human weakness and are to be
congratulated upon their fortitude.
Actually, if the American people felt as some
recent Administration speakers have tried to
make them feel, it would be necessary to insti-
tute a morale program at once, to get them back
to feeling the way they feel now.
THIS IS OUR STORY
Our major morale job is quite simple; it is to
tell the truth about the enemy, which is fascism;
to tell it over and over again; to make sure that
the free and intelligent American people under-
stand the nature of the job we are about to do,
and its importance. They should be helped to
see the second front, not only as the death-blow
to fascism, but as an evil job which has been in-
flicted upon us by the past activities of the very
same isolationists who are now making political
capital of the deaths that will be required to cor-
rect their own errors.
That is the story to tell, and we are not telling
it. If our officials will not tell that story, let
them keep silent altogether, and not embark on
the bizaare enterprise of reminding mothers that
they ought to be concerned for their sons.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
to come because we're never quite going to be
able to realize what happened to us.
Just what we're going to be doing with our
forty hours of philosophy when our engineer-
ing kid brother is out rebuilding Pearl Harbor.
is hard to say. It may well be that at a dazed
and unhappy thirty we'll be beginning an ac-
celerated course in drill press operation at the
University of Columbia night school.
The change is already apparent even here in
Ann Arbor. Freshmen and sophomores who
came here since the war have no notion at all
of what it meant to be one of the old college
boys. We "date" ourselves with everything we
It doesn't really matter about our parents.
They've lived long enough now to be able to
live the rest of their lives looking backward.
But with us it's different. We've got thirty
years to live before we're old and through all
that time everything we've learned up to now
is going to be just so much excess baggage.
It's a pretty sad thing when you think about
it. We're the lost generation. We're the last
of the dilettantes and the last of the college
boys; already we're outmoded. All the world be-
longs to the guy who starts high school next fall.
Letters to the Editor must be type-
written, double-spaced, on one side of
the paper only and signed with the
name and address of the writer. Re-
quests for anonymous publications will
Views on Labor .. .
YESTERDAY'S Daily carried a
sharp criticism in the form of an
anonymous letter to the editor de-
ploring my alleged inconsistency and
narrow liberalism as regards the la-
bor question in the scheme of our
A casual reading might lead one to
agree with "A Serviceman," but a
more careful analysis might lead us
to press a counter charge of incon-
sistency against the "serviceman."
It is charged that I hold two
points of view (a) that labor strikes
hurt the war effort, and (b) that
labor strikes do not hurt the war
effort. The former conclusion the
serviceman draws from my editorial
opinion justifying the government's
action in the railroad controversy
and the latter is derived from my
statements concerning the Ameri-
can Legion's proposal that labor's
right to strike be suspended for the
My position is fundamentally this:
We are now fighting the greatest
titanic struggle in the history of the
world. It is a fight for the life of
every American. The successful com-R
pletion of the task at hand demands
the unbended effort of all.l
But, we are also a democracy'
fighting this war and belief in the
principles of that democracy im-
poses upon us certain limitations.
The premise of a total war can not
be used by any one group as an
excuse to further their own selfish
ends. The premise of a total war
effort doesn't permit one segment
of the population to press their in-
terests to the disadvantage of an.-
I am convinced of the value of
trade unions as an instrument in pro-
moting democracy. It is complete-
ly unjust for us to listen to the
charges of management without in-
vestigating the position of that group.
The total effort demands a give
and take policy on the part of all
groups. To date management has
taken and not given. Is it possible,
serviceman, to ignore the scandal of
Standard Oil with their German car-
tel, or the anti-Negro policies of
Packard Motor Company, or the in-
dictment against Anaconda Wire for
producing defective wire cables? 1
These events also contribute to
what you call a hinderance of our1
war effort and a slowing of battle
Following your point of view, serv-
iceman, we are also supposed to ig-
nore the enormous profits manage-
ment is reaping as an excuse for
speedy production. Or is the Presi-
dent blowing his top in asking Con-
gress for a firmer renegotiation law?
TES, strikes do stop war produc-
tion and the news of them does
irk the fighting man at the front.
But so do management's blunders
hinder the war effort, but why don't,
these same servicemen agitate against
The point is simply this: look at the
whole picture without ignoring tlat
portion of it which is adverse to your
point of view.
Considering this, let us proceed to
another point: that forced labor
would not further the war effort and
would impair the freedom of the in-
Psychologicaly, it is true that
more can be accomplished by vol-
untary means than by coercive
methods. A man who is made to
feel that he wants to do something
will accomplish more than he who
is forced to a task. Reflect your
own feelings on this point, service-
But the fault up to now has been
not that the laborer is unpatriotic
and wants us to lose the war, but
rather, since the whole situation of
production controls and price ceilings
has been so bungled, Labor doesn't
have the will to forget its rights
when it sees those of others enhanced
at its expense.
I wouldn't disagree with the re-
cent proposal of national service
if everyone was put on the same
basis, but if it worked to the ad-
vantage of management and the
disadvantage of labor, I would cry
out against it.
The laborer on the home front is
as patriotic as the serviceman on the
battlefront, but we can't make a fair
comparison of the two because they
are not on the same level.
No matter how much we desire the
civilian at home to have the same
point of view as the soldier on the
firing line, it presents a situation
inconceivable of achievement.
THrP PERSON who has not seen
his best friend killed before him,
or who hasn't been forced to actually
kill another human to save his own
life and the civilian who hasn't actu-
ally experienced the hell of war and
all that is attached thereto, can't pos-
sibly hold the same feeling that the
Because of their experience in the
bombing, the point of view of the
British citizen is different, but here
the war is still a .distant thing and
so long as that remains the case we
can't fairly compare the thinking of
the fighting man and the civilian war
Both groups want the same eid-
victory, but their feelings are viewed
in different lights.
Another bone of contention which
"serviceman" raises is my fear that
the freedom of .the individual will
be impaired by suspending the
right- to strike or the freedom of
action that is inherent in our phil-
osophy of government.
However dearly we love our free-
doms, we can not ever forget the fact
that war time exigencies provide a
very receptive ear for their curtail-
Many of the prosecutions under
the Sedition laws during the last
war prove,: clearly enough that once
an inroad, is made into personal lib-
erties, it is difficult to go back.
Precedent has always been a
strong force in shaping the way we
live and interpret affairs. Should
a precedent be established curtail-
ing the civil liberties of any group
--in this Instance labor-that prec-
edent will tend to become a guide
to future actions aril not, as serv-
iceman chooses to think, a matter
of temporary existence.
A smattering of American history
will bear out the significance of
precedent in shaping developments.
Yesterday's letter pointed out that
if an advancement for labor be coin-
cident with furthering the winning
of the war, I would 'be in favor of it,
and that if the opposite be the case
I would be against it.
ERVICEMAN, put this charge in
the terms of management or pro-
FRIDAY, JAN. 14, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 53
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of'the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 21:30 a.m.
School of Education Faculty: The
regular meeting of the faculty will be
held on Tuesday, Jan. 18, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
A representative of J. E. Seagram
& Sons, Inc. in Lawrenceberg, Ind.,
will be here to interview people who
are chemists, bacteriologists, engi-
neers, lawyers, psychologists, business
administrators, orexecutive secre-
taries on Friday, Jan. 14. They have
plants in Kentucky, Maryland, Indi-
ana and Ohio. February or June
graduates who are interested call ex-
tension 371 for appointments or stop
in at 201 Mason Hall.
All womnen students attending "Ai-
da" and "Life with Father" will have
one half hour permission from the
time the performances end. Special
permission from the Office of the
Dean of Women is not necessary.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations:
City of Detroit: City Planning Ana-
lyst, $104 to $154 per week; Police-
woman, $3,042 per year; Police Ma-
tron, $38 to $55 per week.
Bureau of Appointments and
English 211e will meet Saturday,
9-11, instead of Thursday.
N. E. Nelson
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held today at 4 p.m., in Rm. 319
West Medical Building. "Gastro-In-
testinal Factors in the Utilization of
Vitamin A and Its Precursors" will
be discussed. All interested are in-
GRIN AND BEAR IT
. _:., .
F ' '- - rYii in.rl.w":r.n, . .rii .. re, rw rr. - ,Y.... ,o,.w
night?-WE'VE got a job to do!"
"Do you gents have to stay alli
fessional men, and. from your reason
ing, can we not come to the conclu-
sion that whatever benefits manage- Concerts
ment, coincident with the winning of;
the war or not, would be satisfactory. The University of Michigan String
Orchestra, Gilbert Ross, Conductor,
No, I say. Whatever measures are will present a program of composi-
instituted ..fora our common effort t n b adeprsoa diStai-
should be shared by all. That is the ionsBach andel, Frecoaldi, aSta-
point involved in my editorial opin- p.m., Sunday, Jan. 16, in the Lydia
ion. ' Mendelssohn Theatre. Ruby Kuhl-
At the risk of laboring the point, man, pianist, will appear as soloist.
my conscience impels me to answer The public is cordially invited.
the charge of my being out of service.
IS unfortunately was born with a Events Today
visual handicap. You can be sure
that it wasn't my choice to be reject- Dancing lessons will be given every
ed from service, and had fate dealt Friday evening, 7:00-8:00 in the
the cards differently, perhaps, serv- USO club. Beginners' class tonight.
iceman wouldn't be here as such.
We are on the same level. Wesley Foundation: Bible Class
Serviceman is correct in assuming
that I am physically unfit for mili-
tary service, but that is not a matterl
of. my choice. The fact that I am
not now in uniform has played a very
definite role in shaping my life, and
I am.now in training for work over-
seas after the war.
My convictions come not only from
a mere consideration of the experi-
ences of the war emergency, which
granted are extremely important, but
they spring also from a consideration
of the peace after the war.
A military victory will" be anI
*empty one if the peace is not worthj
while and it is axiomatic that the
with Dr. Brashares tonight at 7:30.
The University of Michigan Sec-
tion of the American Chemical Soci-
ety will meet on.Monday, Jan. 17, at
4:00 p.m. in Rm. 151 of the Chemis-
try Bldg. Professor Herbert E. Carter
of the University of Illinois will speak
on "Nutritional Significance of the
Amino Acids." The public is invited.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 8:00 to
10:00 Saturday evening, Jan. 15, if
the sky is clear or nearly so. The
planets Mars and Saturn will be
".'.1.-1-.gipc," hefre our ntime~ and ifor
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... a ten-pound prime rib roast- 1
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