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January 11, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-11

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~§~§AN

:?T7SDT)A , AN. 11, 1944

_______________ ____ __________ 'Wrn~w uinwm 'Wu~w~

MSC Practices New Zithods of Taching Disabled Servi

cemen

Towns Seek
To Increase
Tax Revenue
Kelly Agrees Proposal
Merits 'Thought,' Will
Explore 3 Point Plan.
LANSING, Jan. 10.--()-A grow
of Michigan municipalities today pe
tItoned for legislation to allow the,.
to increase their sources of tax reve
nue.
Governor Kelly promised "due ar
serious thought" would be given t
a three-point program the cities pm
sented, but declined to say wheth
he might submit any portion of t1
program to the Legislature in t.
special session convening Jan. 31.
Herbert Olson, of Ann Arbor, di
ector of the Michigan Municip ?
League and leader of the delegation
presented these suggestions, makin.'
it clear that details of how the
should work have not yet been clan-
fled by the municipalities themselves
1. Legislation authorizing munic-
palities to levy excise taxes, with the
immediate thought of amuseme'
and perhaps luxury taxes in mind
but broad enough to allow impositio
of local sales taxes.
2. Revision of the intangible tax
in which municipalities share, t
make it produce $12,000,000 to $14,-
000,000 a year, instead of its presen'
$2,500,000 to $3,000,000.
3. Redistribution of "excess" state
sales tax revenues to local units.
Members of the delegation referred
frequently to the state's mounting
post-war fpnd, which the Governor
said would total $55,000,000 by July 1
and which he has suggested should
be increased still further, declaring
it should not be permitted to exceed
a "reasonable",jigure while local gov-
ernments remained in straitened fis-
cal circumstances.
Post-War Group
Sponsors Talks
On Re-education
"Re-education of the German and
Japanese Peoples" is the topic of
panel discussion to, be held at 7:45
p.m. tomorrow in the League.
This panel is one of .a series of
weekly public discussions sponsored
by the Post-War Council to create
public interest in issues vital to post-
war security.
Prof. William Trow of the School of
Education and Supervisor of the
Army Civil Affairs Training Prograni
Mr. Tsumeichiro Baba of the Army
Intensive Language Course, and John
Ebelke, Drillmaster in Germain, Army
SpecializednTraining Program, will
lead the panel. William Muehl, '44L,
will act as moderator.
After short introductory remarks
on the topic by the faculty men, there
will be a question period.
Week-end Plans
Made for USO
Dancing and bridge lessons and a
bridge tournament for all servicemen
will be the featured activities this
week-end at the USO.
A duplicate bridge tournament
open to all interested servicemen will
be held at 2 p.m. Sunday. Partici-
pants may come' "with or without
partners. In order to cover the cost
of prizes a 25c charge will be made.
The first in a series of contract

bridge lessons will also be given Sun-
day afternoon. The series of dancing
lessons is scheduled to start Friday'at
7 p.m., with instruction continuing
every Friday from 7 to 8 p.m.
Hillel Discussion Group
To Hold Forum Today
Exploring the topic "The Jew in a
Changing World," the Hillel-Avukah
weekly study group will meet at 8
p.m. today at the Hillel Foundation.
Under the chairmanship of Zena
Etkin, '47, the meeting will take the
form of an open discussion led by
Max Dresden of the physics depart-
ment.
A question period will follow the
meeting and all interested persons
are invited to attend.
MICHIGAN
One Night Only
MONDAY, JAN. 17th
r

Seed Catalog

Unseasonable Reading

Postman I. T. Dodd admitted Oklahoma City's heaviest snowfall
in many years gave his perusal of a spring seed catalog a paradoxical
'twist as he stopped to take a look at illustrations of sun-kissed veget-
ables. But he saw nothing funny in being hours behind with his
deliveries.
HISTORY LESSON:
Tale of Slave Uprising Aboard
Schooner Told b Prof. Tracy

By DORIS PETERSONE
A slave uprising on the open sea1
which is a forgotten incident in Am-
erican history is described by Prof.
John Evarts Tracy of the law faculty1
in an article entitled "Mutiny on the]
Schooner 'Amistad'" which appeared
recently in the Michigan Alumnus
Quarterly Review.1
Prof. Tracy tells the story of how
a group 'of slaves on the schooner
"Amistad"' mutinied, and had taken
possession of the schooner and im-
prisoned the owners. The owner
claimed the protection of the United
'tates *A'hen a -paty from the United1
States surveying brig "Washington"]
boarded the "Amistad."l
Slaves Put in JaiI
When the slaves had gotten pos-
session of the ship, they had decided
to sail to Africa. As none of the Ne-
groes knew anything about naviga-
tion, they had called upon one of the
members of the captured crew. He
had steered them off their course, so
that after two months of sailing they
Russian Dive . .
(Continued from Page 1)
frontier toward which part of Gen-
eral Vatutin's forces were plunging.
Berlin also reported that Russian
amphibious forces had tried to land
on the Black Sea coast at Ochakov,
midway between Oressa and the Dnie-;
per River mouth.
General Vatutin's men killed more
than 4,000. Germans during the day,
Moscow announced.
But the biggest day's slaughter of
German troops occurred when Gen.
Ivan S. Konev's troops caught the
remnants of an original enemy force
of 50,000 or more men in a trap
west and northwest of Kirovograd
in the Dnieper Bend, said the broad-
cast-communique recorded by the
Soviet monitor.
8,000 Men Slaughtered
Upon refusing to surrender, the
enemy troops were wiped out almost
to a man-8,000 of them, the bulletin
said.
Captured enemy booty listed by
Moscow was tremendous;
The army under Konev was driving
west and northwest to effect a junc-
tion with the southern arm of Vatu-
tin's forces in an effort to trap a
greater segment of Germany's Dnie-
per bend troops in the Semla-Kanev
sectors. The two armies were report-
ed less than 70 miles apart.
The troops under Va'tutin ut the
Smela-Khristinovka raiiway at'Yar-
ovatka, 80 miles southwest of Smela,
the bulletin said. Another ,ailway
between Khristinovka and Vinnitsa
was severed with the capture of Vor-
onovitsa, 13 miles southeast of Vinn-
itsa.
'The capture' of Voronovitsa put the
Russians within seven miles of the
Bug River, last natural German de-
fense line before the Dniester River,
pre-war frontier of Rumania, 60 miles
beyond. Dispatches said Russian
spearheads already had reached the
Bug River, which is much less of a
nai'tiival harrir tothRussians than

ended up at Montauk Point where a
party from the "Washington" board-
ed their ship.
The "Washington" put a crew on
board and sailed the "Amistad" to
New London, Conn., where the Ne-
groes were taken off and put in ,jail.+
The Negroes were charged with the+
murder of the captain and the crew.1
A difficulty arose in connection
with the trial as none of the Negroes
could speak English, and for a long
time no interpreter could be found.
Finally a man was found on a British
naval vessel who could speak both
English and Congelese and the trial
proceeded,
Legal Difficulties Ensue
The killing was an offense against
Spain and not the United States as
the alleged murder was committed on
board a Spanish vessel, with a Span-
ish crew and Spanish papers. Thus
it was found that the United States
court would not have jurisdiction..
If the offense was alleged to be
against the law of nations, the United
States court would have jurisdiction,
but there is nothing in the law of
nations protecting a slave-owner from
the results of a slave attempting to
regain his freedom.
The judge, therefore, held that
these men could not be prosecuted
for murder, but he declined to free
them altogether until there should
be a decision of the courts in the
complicated civil proceedings that
had been instituted over their pos-
session.
Negroes Declared Free
Several persons filed claims against
the vessel and her cargo, which in-
cluded the alleged slaves, for salvage
in an admiralty proceeding. After
much legal proceeding it was decided
that the decree saying that the Ne-
groes should be delivered to the Pres-
ident of the United States to be re-
turned by him to Africa was a mis-
apprehension of the meaning of the
statute of 1819. This statue provided
that -slaves unlawfully imported into
this country should be returned to
Africa by the President.
These men had not been unlaw-
fully imported here; they had brought
themselves here, so, in this respect,
the decree was found to be in error
and the Negroes were declared to be
free.
Prof. Tracy says that the reader's'
next question will be what finally be-
came of these men. He says that it
was put up to the Negroes to decide
what they wished to do, and that it
did not take them long to make up
their minds.
They had now spent two winters'
in New England, and this, for men
broughtup in Africa, was two winters
too much. They asked to be sent
to Africa. A fund was raised for
this purpose, a ship chartered, and
one fine summer day in 1841 they
sailed to Africa, presumably to.live
there happily ever after.
Ma j.Vollroth Writes
Of Signal Corps Job
Lt. Samuel Reisman, company
commander of Company G of the

College Phins
Program for
End of War
Preparations Made
Jo untmpqgaqH joj
EAST LANING. Jan. 10.-(AP)-
Michigan State College disclosed to-
lay it is exerimenting with new
nethods of teaching men who have
een discharged from the armed ser-
vices because of wounds or other dis-
ibilities.
Fred T. Mitchell, Dean of Men. de-
^lare "Ve are radually buildinj
ip techniques so that when the war
is over we will be prepared to cone
with the influx of returning soldier.
We are Just in the preliminary stages
aving the groundwork, so to speak
now."
Mitchell said he was "delfmrhfd"
with early rec!)1R 't f * of !hr .""Y;
tation program. Scholastically the
.ischarrred men -vrger o- 1 .,r
than a C grde, with some attain-
ing very high marks in the last
term.
The dean said one problem is see-
ing that faculty members know when
they have discharged men in their
classes. without making it obvious to
fellow students.
"We certainly don't want the
faculty to be lenient or give any
special favors, but we do want un-
derstanding of these boys' prob-
lems," he said. "They, of course,
prefer anything to open sympathy,
and are hesitant to talk about their
experiences-they want to be a
part of normal college life."
One ex-serviceman, Mitchell said,
already has become a campus leader.
He suffered a broken leg, shrapnel
wounds in his stomach and lost an
eye during his service.
Asserting another problem was the
proper evaluation of Army training
in terms of college credits, Mitchell
said, "We 'don't want to give mass
credit for Army training, but it obvi-
ously would be silly to expect a bom-
bardier or navigator to take elemen-
tary mathematics."
The Armed Forces Institute at
Madison, Wis., he said, has pre-
pared a series of tests and corre-
spondence courses which will solve
part of the problem of credit for
Army work. Michigan State Col-
lege has agreed to accept successful
completion of these courses or
tests as the equivalent of courses
offered at the college.
Other problems included accelerat-
ed schedules to meet the demands of
those whose careers have been de-
layed, the development of new teach-
ing methods and a revision of cur-
ricula to meet modern demands.
"There will be at least 3,000,000
young men and women returned to
civilian life whoahaveainterrupted
their educations and want to con-
tinue them," Mitchell explained.
"What they are entitled to is an op-
portunity to study what they want
and need, in an up-to-date manner."
Co. G Conducts
Bond Campaign
Endeavoring to excel all other
companies of the 3,651st Service
Command in the Fourth War Loan
Drive, Company G is conducting an
extensive War Loan Drive.
Every member of the company is
urged to purchase at least one bond
during the campaign. If they cannot
purchase bonds, they are urged to
purchase as many stamps as possible.
Bonds and stamps will be issued in
the Orderly Room of the company,
under the direction of Lt. Samuel

Reisman, company commander.
During the Third War Loan Drive,
Company G was in the upper half of
the 3,651st Service Units drive.
WAC Show..
(Continued from Page 1)
Mrs. Benjamin Alber, special deputy
for the state president of the Ameri-
can Legion Auxiliary; Mrs. James A.
Kennedy, state director of the civil-
ian WAC recruiting committee; Leigh
J. Young, mayor of Ann Arbor; Gov.
Harry Kelly; and Henry Barnes, Jr.,
executive officer -of the local WAC-
recruiting committee.
Following the speakers Maj. Wayne
King, former band leader, directed
the musical production. The 728th
MP Battalion Band, Stationed 'at
River Rouge near Detroit; and a
mixed chorus composed of soldiers
and WACs from Camp Custer per-
formed.
Soldier talent, all professional en-
tertainers in civilian life, came from
Camp Custer, Billy Mitchell Field.
Wis., and Camp Grant and Camp
Skokie Valley, Ill., to assist in the

Ruissians Advance 011Rmai

All campus ASTP men returned mer ROTC students, lost 12 men re-
from 10-day furloughs Sunday and cently and got two new men.
started a new term yesterday. Personnel Changes
There are 22 more men i Coi- Co. B-3 added 23 basic engineersi
pany B-1. These men, who are san- to its ranks. These men come from{
itary engineers, are transfers from various training camps throughout
various universities. In addition to the country. Three men left- this
being graduate engineers every person platoon at the end of last semester.
in the group has had considerable' aoo at the e md of st
technical training and experience in Co. C-4, which is composed of ASTP
civilian life. At the end of last sem- reserves, has 48 new men this sem-
ester 26 sanitary engineers left this ester. About half of this new group
plaoonthrug grduaionortrans- are second term students and are
platoon through graduation or n transfers from Michigan State Col-
fers. lege and from Ripon College in Wis-
Co. B-2, which is composed of for- consin.
Officers Named
Union To H old, Men from Co. B-2 serve as cadet
officers of this group. William Kling-
* S c ' beil is the new cadet company com-,
mander; William Maxwell, executive
officer; Harry Gilmore, administra-
First Recreation Hour tion officer; Daniel Seiden, John
Walcott and Bennett Yanowitz, pla-
Planned for This Week toon leaders.
The following non-commissioned
The first Union "Sunday Social" officers come from the ranks of the
for the benefit of University men and ASTPR: Thomas Zanusz, cadet first
their dates will be held from 2:30 to sergeant, and Henry McNeal, Thomas
5:30 p.m. Sunday in the North Robinson. Albert Kraft, and John
Lounge on the first floor of the Un- Solbrig, cadet platoon sergeants. Ca-
ion. dets John Rice, Norman McDonald,
Music will be provided by a record Henry Crespi, Edwin Hanson, Wilbur .
machine which will play the latest Pascoe, and William Wheelan are
swing recordings. The Union's rec- also part of the cadre.
ord supply has been supplemented
recently by the .purchase of 30 new
recordings. The lounge will have Prof. W illiam s
bridge tables, cards and other types Vf
o games and plenty of sofaswand Talk T day
to talk. ToTl oa
easy chairs for those who just want~o k
The Sunday Social has been organ-
ized by the Cooperative Committee Russian War Relief
of the Union Staff under the direc- Group To Show Films
tion of John Clippert, '45E. The
Committe feels that recently there Prof. Mentor Williams of the Eng-
has been a definite need for some lish department will talk on "Russia"
sort of organized social function on
Sunday afternoons, and it hopes that at an open meeting of the Russian
the Sunday Social will provide ade- War Relief Committee at 8:30 p.m.
quate opportunity for recreation. today in the Sarah Henderson Room
of the League.
Sheriff Unable To Revive Two short Russian documentary
films will be shown: "One Hundred
Infant Strangled on String Million Russian Women at the Front"
and "Russian People," a film which
Seven months old Kistina Bloom shows the reconstruction of Moscow.
strangled herself Sunday with a white
shoestring which hung from the side Mrs. Lila Pargment will report on
of her crib. the work accomplished by the sewing,
Sheriff Osborne and his deputies, salvage, and knitting committees.
arriving at the Bloom residence on Prof. John L. Brumm of the journal-
Warren Road shortly after 11 a.m., ism department will be chairman of
were unable to revive the child with the meeting.
a pulmotor. The public is invited to attend.
CLASSIFIED ADVERuTISING
HIHS-AHPIEpi o

:
;
t
t
c
k
1

Continuing tneir steam roller ofhnsive, the Russians were reported
to have taken Sarny, vital northern rail center (upper left) and pushed
the front within 70 miles of the Rumanian border (arrow center).
Shaded area is German-held.
BACK TO WORK:
FurloughsOveAll Caipus
ASTP Men BeginNew Term

ic T laishlips
S e h Il;G .1 i _4
Continuing its expanded scope of
daemic t'auiin', the University has
")n~leeddi t rib t ono, aii'olication
c 't olaslins
-ich were first irn's iutod last sum-
'er for the benefit of high school
?iors, the president's office an-
"unced yesterday.
This program. initiated to give the
"st woirthy inein r of each high
'c"l'C' i~licc ii"bis an oppor-
nity to con'inue his educa ion. was
t i-to one-a ion for the fall term
,d brought more than 50 students
a campus.
r-shiman Fees Pal:
The scholarsl-ip pays the fees for
he freshman year with urovision for
'newal if scholastic attainment war-
ants.
High school seniors desirous of ob-
1aining these scholaships are re-
uired to meet the follow'ing require-
:'ents: 1) outstanding s"holastic abil-
ity; 2) interest in continued educa-
tion; 3) community activity and good
character.
Interviews To Be Held
Announcements and application
blanks have been distributed tothe
12 state district centers and must be
returned to high school principals
before March 10.
Between that date and May 1 rep-
resentatives of the University will go
into the field and conduct examina-
tions and interview the candidates.
Reiisman Plans Five-
Mile Hikes for Co. G
To give the men of Company G of
the 3,651st Service Command a
chance to get some fresh air after a
hard day in labs, Lt. Samuel Reis-
man, company commander, has insti-
tuted five to six-mile hikes for the
company every Monday.
The men, although marching at
double time,. still find enough pep
and energy to sing as they march
through tuie Arboretum out to the Is-
land.
Hoover Services Held
NEW YORK, Jan. 10--1P)-Funeral
services attended by more than 1,000
persons were conducted for Mrs. Her-
bert Hoover wile et the former pIesi-
dent, in St. Barthclomew's Protestant
Chuch today. Bur-ai will be held in
Palo Alto, Calif.
WAR BONDS ISSUED HERE
Continuous from 1 P.M.'
STA;v
- T y Y and Wedesday
-- Today and Wednesday-

CLASSIFIED
RATES
$ .40 per 15-word, insertion for
one or two days. (In-
crease of 10c for each
additional 5 words.)
Non-Contract
$1.00 per 15-word insertion for
three or more days. (In-
crease of $.25 for each
additional 5 words.)
Contract Rates on Request
MISCELLANEOUS
MIMEOGRAPHING: thesis binding
Brumfield and Brumfield, 308 S

HIGHEST CASH PRICE paid for
your discarded wearing apparel.
Claud Brown, 512 S. Main Street.
WANTED
WANTED: Boy for work in kitchen
for luncheon and dinner for board
of three meals a day. Please phone
Mrs. Rowles, 23279.
FOR SALE
SELLING remainder of Choral Union
season ticket. Four concerts plus
May Festival coupon. First bal-
cony, $5.00. Call Kaufman - at
24200.
LOST and FOUND
LOST-Raccoon coat. Reward of $20
for information leading to its re-
covery. Lost in League Women's
Lounge Friday night. Urgent. Call

e o

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