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January 04, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-04

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Weather

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VOL. LIV No. 44 ANN ARBOR, iIWHOIGAN, TUESDAY, JAN. 4, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Soviet

Tank Columns Sweep into Poland

4

1,000 Ton
RAF Blow
Rips Berlin
P R
Hitler's Chancellory
Made a Shambles
Swedish Sources Say
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 3.-Berlin was rip-
ped and seared by another 1,000 tons
of explosives and incendiaries early
today in a second successive assault
by RAF bombers spilling doom from
the skies.
Hitler's proud chancellory was
made a shambles by block-busters,
with hundreds of persons believed
trapped in its big shelter, Swedish
travelers said. There was n indica-
tion Hitler was'here at the tine.
Traffic within the city was para-
lyzed. There were no street car or
eleated service. Subway trains alone eefntoig esaeswr
were functioning. Newspapers were
printed, but were not deliveie'd. There
were no bread deliveries.
Fleets of Lancasters and Halifaxes
bored through freezing gales and a
strong barrage of fighters to hit the
Nazi capital at 3 a.m.-the same hour
as on Sunday-in the 10th mammoth
raid since Nov. 18.
Those 10 strikes have dumped more
than 14,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
-twice what; London. took in 11
months-and the Nazi center ap-
peared marked for building-by-build-
ing extinction. Berlin is but half of
London's size in. area and population.
Hails of flak and reinforced swarms
of fighters failed to halt the RAF,
which lost 27 bombers over Berlin and
in.other operaon, twenty-eight. fell
the previous night, when Hamburg
also was hit.
New-type flares, shot from the
ground, guided the German fighters,
which began at kng -f fromer-
li,
Blw ood Donors
May ig Now
Union Council and
. Officers Set Example
Registration for the Union blood
bank, sceduled Jan. 13 and 14, will be
held from 3 to 5 p.ni. beginning today
and continuing everyday except Sun-
day until Jan. 10, Roy Boucher, '45,'
general chairman, announced yes-
terday.
The president, secretary and exe-
cutive council of the Union have al-
ready pointed the way by registering
themselves 100 per cent.
Donors may sign up for any 15 mi-
nute interval between 12:30 and 4:15
p.m. on either of the two days, Jan.
13 or 14. Anyone registering to give
blood will be excused from PM on
the day of his scheduled appoint-
ment.
The entire quota for Washtenaw
County is being drawn from Uni-
versity students this month. Of the
quota of 322 men, 200 will consist of
naval personnel, signed up in the
West Quadrangle. Bob Precious and
Bob Lindsay, NROTC, are in charge
of registration of blood donors from
the naval 'unit.
Civilian and army trainees may
complete the quota by signing up at
the Union. Paul John and Roger
Walker, Union try-outs, are in charge
of civilian registration.
Boucher said the response of the
navy has already been "tremendous"
and emphasized, "It is paramount
that University civilian men meet
this challenge to do something
worthwhile in aiding the war effort"

Col. Hobby Unable
To Appear at Rally
Col. Oveta Culp Hobby will not be
able to attend the WAC rally to be
helds at 8:30 p.m. Monday In Hill
Auditorium, as was previously an-
nounced, the Sixth Service Com-
mand Headquarters in Chicago re-
vealed Saturday.
The release said that "war depart-
ment orders have come up necessi-
tating changing Col. Hobby's sched-
ule for January."
Other guests scheduled to appear
at the rally are Maj.-Gen. Henry S.
Aurand, commandant of the Sixth
Service Command, Gov. Harry Kelly,
Spn Trmer WArauhon and President

Jap Airfield on e aloelhp Atoll Raided
American bombers in a November raid on enemy airfields in the
Marshall Islands attacked the J wanese anrstrip on iMaloelap atoll and
ships in the harbor.
GENERAL ACCUSED:
Marshall Linked with Report
That Labor Has Helped Nazis
£. f 4 4

Jury Charges
Plot To Incite
Army Mutiny
30 Accused of Three
Year Plot To Set Up
Nazi Regime Here
By The Assoditted Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.---A three-
year plot to incite mutiny in the
armed forces, unseat he government
and set up a Nazi regime, was charg-
ed by a Federal grand jury today with
the indictment of 28 men and two
women on conspiracy charges.
The bill declared that, by pam-
phlets, books and circulars, the ac-
cused sought since 1940 to spread
word that:
1-Democracy is decadent; a Nazi
or Fascist form of government should
be established and a Nazi "revolu-
tion" is inevitable in the United
States.
2-The major political parties,
Congress and public officials "are
controlled by communists, interna-
tional Jews and plut~crats." '
3-The U.S. deliberately provoked
war with the Axis nations which are
seeking only to live at peace with the
rest of the world.
4-President Roosevelt and Con-
gress "sold out the United States and
forced the Axis powers to wage war
upon us." The Japanese attack at
Pearl Harbor was "deliberately invit-
ed in order to involve this country in
a foreign war."
5-Communists, international Jew-
ry and war profiteers prevent "an
honorable and just peace" being
brought about speedily.
Twenty four of the 30 were named
in previous sedition indictments
which however did not allege an ac-
tual conspiracy to set up a Nazi gov-
ernment here.

Vatutin's Troops Advance Unchecked
Stockholm _____
Ty teningrad STATUTE MIMES
SWX7E ESTONIA Stray
SWEDENsaa Line Of Fart hest
ess SOVIET
E AST on mdvans
RLIN PRUSLI k RUSSIA
GERMANY *a
P Dcrnezh
Korosten "E
27, ECh Zhitomir. Khark
OS A Berdichev' Sta aPin
Dne
HU1NGAR petrovsk Z, oro "
Odessa
YUGOSLAVIA ,-' L
RUMANIA s tpol
i Black Sea.
With Berlin 600 miles to the west, General Vatutin's troops, past
the fallen bastions of Korosten and Zhitomir, are now considered to
have crossed the old Polish border. To the south the rail junction of
Berdichev is expected to fall shortly.
WINDOW SMASHER:
U.S. Destroyer Blows Apart
Off Lower New York Bay

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 3. - A United
States destroyer blew apart near the
entrance of Lower New York Bay to-
day with a blast so terrific that it
hurled men and guns into the sea.
The blazing ship sank in 40 min-
utes as Coast Guard craft edged to
her side to rescue 163 men, including
108 injured.
Hours after the first blast, which
occurred at 6:18 a.m. (EWT), the
Navy said the cause had not yet been
determined. There was no announce-

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.-General
George C. Marshall was linked pub-
licly tonight with the New Year's eve
statement that U.S. labor troubles
have hurt the Allies; President Roos-
evelt was described as thinking "along
the same lines;" and AFL President
Allied Planes
Raid Kavieg,
Hit Jap Ships
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, NEW GUINEA, Tuesday, Jan.
4.-OP)-Planes from a South Pacific
carrier force have hit two heavy crui-
sers and two destroyers in a raid on
the Japanese base at Kavieng, New
Ireland.
Both' of the enemy cruisers were
set afire in the raid, which was the
second assault by carrier planes in
recent days. On Christmas day car-
rier-borne planes sank a destroyer,
damaged a second and sank two
10,000-ton cargo vessels.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com-
munique also announced that Ameri-
can troops of the 32nd Division,
which landed at Saidor, on the north
coast of New Guinea, last Sunday,
had secured their final objectives
after overcoming light enemy resis-
tance.
The communique reported that 13
Japanese planes were downed by the
Americans in the Kavieng raid.
Meeting of InIvasionI
Council Inimiiel-
LONDON, Jan. 3.-(A)-The first
meeting of the Allied "invasion war
council" is imminent and Gen. Sir
Bernard L. Montgomery, whose arri-
val was disclosed tonight, told friends
"I don't expect to be here long."
^ Montgomery, designated as com-
mander of British land forces for the
invasion of western Europe, added,
"I'm always on the move these days."

William Green challenged Marshall
"or any one else" to prove such a1
thesis.,
It was Green who named Marshall
in -connection with the originally
anonymous warning that rail and
steel strike threats may have delayed
victory by providing grist for the Axis,
propaganda mill. Green said that the
Army Chief of Staff was reported to
have made the statements.
The White House did not identify
Marshall as the source of the re-
marks. Stephen Early, presidential
secretary, contented himself with
saying that the source was a "little
bit more military" than the President.
Green's vigorous challenge, which
also contained a sharp blast at gov-
ernment officials for their handling
of the labor situation, climaxed a day
of swirling developments arising from
the publication of the statement.
Ensian ToSell
Subscriptions
The sale of subscriptions for the
three--stage 1944 Michiganensian will
begin on campus tomorrow.
The Ensian will come out in three
issues, one for each semester. Sched-
uled for distribution in February, the
first issue will contain pictures of the
fall semester graduates, organiza-
tions, the fall sports program, soror-
ities and campus life.
The second section will contain, in
addition to pictures of the spring
graduates, features and fraternity
pictures. The third and final section
which will come out at the end of
the summer semester will cover its
activities as 'well as pictures of the
graduates.
"Students may purchase either the
entire 1944 Michiganensian, which
will contain all three sections, or any
individual sections they desire,';
Rosemary Klein, '45, Ensian Sales
Manager said. An additional charge
will be made for a hard cover in
which the Michiganensian can be
bound.

GENERAL REPORTS:
Arnold Says Air Force Aims
to Cheapen Invasion Costs

ment regarding loss of life, but des-
troyers in wartime carry crews rang-
ing from 150 to 300 men.
Blast Breaks Windows
The blast, breaking windows ashore
and arousing thousands of metropol-
itan New Yorkers from their beds,
ripped the ship as she was preparing
to get underway six miles northeast
of Sandy Hook, N.J., and just a few
miles off Coney Island, N.Y., naval
spokesmen said.
An eye-witness said another ex-
plosion "split her in two" about five
minutes after the vessel was aban-
doned at 7:05 a.m. It sank a short
time later.
The spokesman gave no indication
of whether the sinking could be
attributed to a torpedo attack, a
mine or an accident.
Cog geshall Will
Direct Center
Doctor To Head West
Coast Marine Project
Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, chairman
of the department of tropical diseases
of the public healh school, has been
given complete charge of a new Mar-
ine medical center on the West Coast,
it was learned yesterday.
This new medical branch of the
Marine Corps will be used as a train-

6,000 Nazis
Killedin Wake
Of Offensive
Hundreds Surrender;
Entire Companies
Throw Down Arms
By JAMES M. LONG
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON. Tuesday, Jan. 4-Van-
guards of the Soviet Army, rolling
forward in a smashing offensive
west of Kiev. drove into old Poland
yesterday after the main body of
the Russian forces had occupied
Novograd-Volynski and the pre-.
war frontier town of Olevsk.
Crossing of the 1939 border was
eunfirmed in dispatches from Mos-
cow after a Russian communique,
broadcast from the Soviet capital,
had announced the capture of 01-
evsk and 170 other villages by the
on-rushing Red Army columns.
Hundreds of Germans were sur-
rendering, throwing down their arms
and going "over to the side of the Red
Army" by entire company lots, said
a midnight communique describing
one of the worst Nazi debacles since
the Stalingrad disaster.
Equipment Taken
Huge quantities of war equipment
fell to Gen. Nicolai F. Vatutin's forc-
es, which included Siberian infantry-
men. The torrent of power unleash-
ed by the first Ukraine army and the
crumbling of German lines over the
entire area opposite central Poland
made it almost certain that flying
Soviet columns now were across the
old frontier below the Pripet Marshes.
The border recognized by Moscow,
however, lies 150 miles beyond cap-
tured Olevsk, once a customs station
seven miles from Poland.
The Stockholm paper Svenska
Dagbladet said in a private dispatch
from Moscow that the Russians also
had reached the old Polish border at
Gorodnika on the Slucz River 30
miles southwest of Olevsk.
Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin In
an order of the day late yesterday an-
nounced the capture of Novograd-
Volynski, a rail and road hub 15 miles
from the former frontier.
Railway's Cut
To the south other Red Army units
moving toward Rumania had slashed
the Kazatin-Zhashkov and Kazatin-
Uman railways serving the German
forces in lower Russia,
On the Baltic front Soviet troops
under Gen. Ivan C. Bagramian cap-
tured 70 localities north of Nevel in
an expanding arc aimed at the Lat-
vian frontier.
Co. A lass To
Graduate Today
Frederic Sterbenz, foreign. editor
of the Cleveland Press, will be the
main speaker at the graduation cer-
emony for the January class of Co.
A at 10 a.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
He will discuss the trend of the
war. Other speakers will be Capt.
George G. Spence, commanding of-
ficer of the company, Capt. Paul F.
Rusch, Dr..Joseph C. Yamagiwa and
Col. Frederick C. Rogers. Cpl. Rob-
ert H. Brewer of Co. A will speak on
behalf of the class.
The second movement of the
Brahms "Sonata in A Minor" will be
played by Cpl. Robert C. Kurks on
the violin and Cpl. Otto G. Graf on
the piano.
Cpl. J. Arthur Flynn, tenor, will
sing two solos. They are "Aroso-I
Pagliaci" by Leoncavello and "Ave
Maria" by Shubert. He will be ac-
companied by Cpl. Arthur M. Mac-

Evoy.
The invocation will be given by
Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohan, director
of Hillel, Rev. C. H. Loucks, pastor
of the First Baptist Church, will give
the benediction.
Program pianists will be Cpl. Elia
M. Figundio.and Cpl. MacEvoy. They
will play selections on two pianos
from "Nips in. the Bud," a musical
See COMPANY A, p. 4
Fighting Ship Lost
In North Atlantic
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.--4A)-An
American destroyer was torpedoed
and sunk in the North Atlantic on
December 24, the Navy reported to-
.7_

By The Associated Press
Genhal H. H. Arnold,.Chief of
Army Air Forces, said today the pri-
mary aim of his command "is to
make the coming invasion of Ger-
many as economical as possible by
drastically reducing the war poten-
tial of the Third Reich and its satel-
lites."
Into a report on the operations and
history of the air forces, Arnold put
these statements:
"Our strategic air plan is predicat-
ed on the fundamental fact that our
bombers can fly deep into enemy
territory, drop an effective load of
bombs, and return to base "without
losses disproportionate to the dam-
age accomplished. We have proved
that we can do this."
The near future likely will deter-
mine "the survival or destruction" of
the German air force as an effective
agency. The destruction of the ene-
my's fighter strength is aimed at
through two methods - the bombing
of fighter plane manufacturing
Student Meningitis Victim
Is Now 'Doing Nicely'
Raymond Robins, ASTP dental
trainee whose contraction of menin-
gitis following a New Year's Eve par-
ty at the Alpha Omega hduse led- to
mild restrictions on approximately 50
University students, including coeds
and ASTP dental trainees, is now
"doing nicely," according to.Dr. Wil-
liam Brace of the Health Service.
Those students who came in con-
tact with Robins were forbidden to
indulge in physical exercise although
they were allowed to attend classes.

plants and the destruction of planes
in the air in battle with Allied bomb-
ers.
The United States now has "the
world's largest air force," manned by
2,385,000 officers and men.
The War Production Board has
145,000 planes scheduled -for produc-
tion during the next 15 months.
V-12 Men Aid
Sick Mascot
"Gunner is sick and probably will
not live."
That was what Navy V-12 men
were told about their popular canine
mascot in general orders which they
received at 8 a.m. yesterday morning.
The men were asked to make contri-
butions in order to keep their pet in
the dog hospital and by 9 a.m. the
sailors and marines had raised $56
for their dog.
This was the fastest response ever
made by the men to a request of
this kind, according to Lt. George
Jennings.
He was connected with the affair
from the beginning, for it was his
wife, Mrs. Dorothy Jennings, who
first discovered Gunner in the Union
Friday afternoon looking miserable
and very sick.
The dog was rushed to the veteri-
nary and was pronounced in a criti-
cal condition. The doctor said it was
pneumonia and he doubted if Gunner
would live.
However, yesterday, the mascot
was pronounced out of danger and
it is hoped that he will be on deck
by the end of the week.

FEARS OF BRAIN TUMOR ABATED:
Dr. Peet Operates To Save Life of Cuban Child

DR. LOWELL COGGESHALL
ing and rehabiliation center for ad-
vanced cases of various tropical dis-
eases.
Dr. Coggeshall will receive a com-
mission in the Marine Corps which
he expects momentarily.
In this new work he will have com-
plete charge of selecting his staff, and
he has recommended four men of the
University for positions on the staff.
They are Drs. Harv Carlson, Robert
G. Haskett, Samuel Spector, of the
staff of the University hospital and
W. V. Charer of the school of public
health.
Within the past year Dr. Coggeshall
has been touring Africa and the Mid-
dle East establishing medical centers
for the air ferry routes of Pan Ameri-
an- Airuro'r

By STAN WALLACE
Early fears that she was suffer-
ing from a tumor pressing against
her brain were abated yesterday
when Dr. Max Minor Peet, world
famed brain surgeon, removed scar
tissue from two and a half year
^M r,1av ,.araeras Cohanseln-

He said that the condition was
quite rare, although he treated a
similar case recently on a four
months old boy. "The scar tissue
on this boy was developed after
the patient had pneumonia," Dr.
Peet said. "His recovery was com-
nMet after the removal of the scar

tissue was only hard dense scar
like material.
Dr. Paul Perdomo of Venezuela
on the surgical staff of the hospi-
tal acted as interpreter for the
family as they speak no English.
Dr. Herrara, a general practi-
tioner in Havana. declined to wit-

the tumor caused Isabel's death
last summer..
It was on the advice of Dr. Sal-
vador that Gladys was brought to
Ann Arbor. Dizzy spells and at-
tacks of nausea caused Dr. Her-
rara to believe his daughter was
suffering from a brain pressure

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