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December 12, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-12-12

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Y

days till Christmas,

It43r

4 ait

Weather
Snow and Colder

VOL LIV No. 35 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DEC. 12, 1943
Reds Hurl Back azis Fightingnear

PRICE FIVE CENTS
Kiev

Yanks Down 138 Nazi Planes over

Emden Soviets Wreck German
__ ,- Tanks; 1,500 Men Killed

North Sea Port
Left in Flames'
In Day Raid
Americans Lose 17
Bombers, 3 Fighters
In Intense Combat
By GLADWIN HILL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Dec. 11.-Americah Fly-
ing Fortresses and Liberators and ac-
companying Lightning and Thunder-
bolt fighters attacked the German
North Sea port of Emden by daylight

Glee Club and Soldier Choir

E-W-Tr

Present Concert Tonight

{

a half-mile-square area and towering
columns of smoke dwarfing a feeble,
wind-scattered ground screen miles
below with which the Germans tried
to obscure the American objective..
Over 100 Downed
A total of 117 of the German planes
fell to the crack American heavy
bombers and 21 to the doughty fight-
ers that went the whole 375 miles to
the target and back in intense com-
bat that saw infuriated German
fighters machine-gunning boys who
parachuted out of crippled U. S.
bombers.'
But Emden, one of the Germans'
most important ports since the de-
struction of Hamburg-a point of_
enitry for vital Scandinavian iron ore
and timber and the site of important
U-boat yards-was thoroughly plas-'
tered with high. explosives and in-
cendiaries.
New Tactics
The Germans tried a new tacic in
swarming in four and five abreast,
returning fliers said, but they gave
indications of inexperience an a.lack
of eagerness, and between their own
lethal bursts the American gunners
watched Nazi planes exploding in air
and crashing to the ground at theE
rate of seven for every American ship
downed.
Taking off from English bases inj
chill wintry weather, the fliers bat-
tled a 75-mile-an-hour headwind
that made the trip over the North Sea,
twice as long as the return journey.
It was the Americans' fifth blow at
Emden, which now has been bombed
84 times in the war. It was last hit
Oct. 2 by Fortresses in a raid which2
was the city's third in a week. Five
days before that it was hit by both
the U.S. Eighth Air Force and the
RAF on the same day.
Don Cossack
Chorus To Sing
Tuesday Night
Songs of Shvedoff and Tchaikow-
sky will be featured by the Original
Don Cossack Chorus at the sixth
Choral Union concert to be given at
8:30 p.m. Tuesday in Hill Auditorium.
Serge Jaroff, conductor of this
world renowned choral group, will al-7
so lead them in selections by Tches-
nokoff, Borodin, Varlanoff and Shos-t
takovitch, in addition to several of,
his own arrangements of popular
Russian folk songs.
"Legend," and "Blessed Art Thou1
O Lord," are the compositions by
Tchaikowsky to be performed. "Rus-
sian Fair," "Song of the Apple,"
"Marching Song," and the "Can-
paign Song" by Shvedoff will also be
heard.
Selections from the opera, "Prince
Igor," will be presented by the Don
Cossacks as part of the first part of
Tuesday's concert, while "Border to
Border," the famous song of Shosta-
kovitch will highlight the second half
of the program.
War regulations have necessitated
a change in the means of travel em-
ployed by the Don Cossack Chorus.
While in the past they traveled in
their own bus, their concert tour this
year is being made by train.
One of the major changes which
has occurred in the appearance of the
chorus, since it was founded in 1919,

Featured in tonight's concert at Hill Auditorium, The Soldier Choir's final appearance of the year,
in conjunction with the University Women's Glee Club, will be these seven talented soloists. Bottom, left
to right, Harriet Porter, '45 SM; Corp. Arthur McEvoy, Marjorie Gould, '44 SM; top, Corp. Joseph Procac-
cino, Jacqueline Bear, '44 SM; Charlotte MacMullen, '44 SM, and Corp. Arthur Flynn. The concert is
free and will begin at 8:15. -Daily Photo by Cpl. R. L. Lewin, 3651st SU, Co. A

HITLER'S PUPPETS:
Hull Warns Balkan Satellites
To Overthrow Nazi Regimes

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. - The
United States, in a move to split Hit-
ler's Balkan satellites away from the
Axis, tonight solemnly warned the
governments of Bulgaria, Hungary
and Rumania that they must share
the "consequences of the terrible de-
feat that United Nations arms are
so surely bringing to Nazi Germany."
The somber warning came from
Secretary of State Cordell Hull on
the second anniversary of a declara-
tion of war against the United States
,by the three governments. It implied
an appeal to the peoples of the three
nations to overthrow the "puppets of
Hitler" and take their governments
into their own hands.
Continue War
Regardless of "the sentiments of
their peoples," Hull said, "the gov-
ernments in power in these three
countries have recklessly continued
their participation in the war against
us."
"They must by this time realize
that they will have to share the
responsibilty" for aiding the Nazis,
he said.
The strong statement was , issued
just one day afters waves of Allied
bombers struck a heavy air blow at
Sofia, capital of Bulgaria. It came,
too, at a time when there are mount-
ing indications that the pro-Nazi
Bulgarian and Hungarian govern-
ments faced a showdown with their
own masses.
Text of Warning
Following is the text of the Secre-
tary of State's announcement:
"It is just two years since the gov-
ernments of Bulgaria, Hungary and
Five Subs Suik
In Atlantic Fiht
Convoys Saved from
Fierce U-Boat Attack
LONDON, Dec. 11.-(AP)-In a fur-
ious 48-hour day and night battle
in the North Atlantic, British and
American planes and warships beat
off a pack of at least 20 German
U-boats recently, sank five, dam-
aged three and brought two valuable
convoys through virtually without
loss.

Rumania, having already become
servile puppets of Hitler, obedient to
the orders of their master, declared
war against the United States.
"To what degree they have been
counting on our magnanimity to
spare their peoples the consequences
of this rash step foredoomed to dis-
aster we do not know. -
"The fact is that whatever may
be the sentiments of their peoples,
the governments in power in these
three countries have recklessly con-
tinued their participation in the war
against us, strengthening with men
and material resources the Nazi war
machine.
"They must by this time realize
that they will have to share the res-
ponsibility for the consequences of
the terrible defeat that United Na-
tions arms are so surely bringing to
Nazi Germany."
MSC.To Give
Civilian Party
EAST LANSING, Dec. 11.-(P)-
For the first time since soldiers
have arrived on the Michigan State
College campus, students have
planned an all-civilian activity to
which servicemen will not be invit-
ed and will not be welcomed if they
try to attend.
The event will be a "college car-
rosel," a one night Stage Door Can-
teen with the absence of uniforms,
which will be presented Jan. 28 by
members of the faculty and student,
body.
The Union ballroom will be
transformed into a cabaret and en-
tertainient will be a floor show
with an all-faculty and student
cast. Members of the men's and wo-
men's faculty clubs are working
with student co-chairmen Helen
Fisher of Grand Haven and Ruth
Thorburn of Lansing.
~Brief Music'
Sale To Open
Tickets for Emmet Lavery's "Brief
Music" to be given by Play Produc-

Yuletide Concert
To Be Given
Here Tonioht
The Soldier Chou in conjunction
with the University Women's Glee
Club, will make its final appearance
of the season at 8:15 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium in a special
Christmas concert.
The concert will be free to the pub-
lic and doors will open at 7:45.
The two choruses have been re-
hearsing steadily for the past two
months under the direction of Wilson
Sawyer, and their selections today
represent some of the most inspiring
and at the same time vocally diffi-
cult seasonal music of the ages. The
result of their work will be fitting
tribute to the time and effort these
two groups have devoted despite nec-
essarily conflicting schedules and
limited rehearsal time.
The program follows the theme
of victory and peace in the future,
and the spirit of the presentation
will be keynoted by the tone poem in
six parts by R. Vaughan Williams,
See CONCERT, p. 7
No Rabies Epidemic
Here Engleke Says.
Dr. Otto K. Engleke announced
yesterday that Ann Arbor need not
fear the outbreak of a rabies epidem-
ic similar to that of Ypsilanati.
After carefully checking his files,j
Dr. Engleke stated that there was only
one known rabid dog running loose
in Ann Arbor within the last month.

U.S. Bombers
Pound Balkan
City of Sofia
Tons of Bombs Strike
Vital Railway Centers
Of Bulgarian Capitol
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Dec. 11.-Wave upon wave of
American Liberators hurled tons of
bombs yesterday on Sofia, the capi-
tal of Bulgaria, and returned scot free
-a pointed reminder to Hitler's wav-
ering Balkan satellites of what Allied
Mediterranean air power has in store
for them if they remain in the war.
The heavy bombers, escorted by
long-range fighters, pounded railway
yards and barrack areas for an hour
and 45 minutes and the bombing was
"accurate and effective," Allied head-
quarters announced.
Third Raid
Some 40 Nazi fighters sought to in-
tercept and 11 of them were shot
down. It was the third raid on Sofia
in a month.
The military effect of the raid un-
doubtedly was great because it was
directed at an important communi-
cations center-the Hungarian news
agency was quoted by the BBC as
saying passenger and express trains
on important Bulgarian lines. had
been cancelled-but its propaganda
effect in the Balkans seemed likely to
be even more significant.
Abandons Sessions
A mile;away from the railway tar-
get the'-Bulgarian'parliament, wrest-
ling over an internal crisis growing
out of the war of nerves, was forced
to abandon its sessions, the Sofia ra-
dio, said. It added the raid caused
great destruction and many deaths.
(According to' a Budapestdispatch
to Bern, Switzerland, American
planes recently dropped leaflets
warning Sofia would receive heavier
raids unless Bulgaria qut'the war.)
Another indication that the Sofia
raid was merely a forerunner of what
could be expected was a broadcast
from the headquarters of Marshal Jo-
sip Broz (Tito), leader of the Yugo-
slav Partisans, urging all Yugoslavs
to get out of Nazi-held towns, "as
the Allied airforce is helping the op-
eration of Yugoslav units."
Prince Confers
With Ruthven
Orizu Outlines Plan for
Scholarship Program
Prince A. A. Nwafor Orizu of the
state of Nnewi, Nigeria, visited the
University yesterday and conferred
with President Alexander Ruthven
and James Edmonson, Dean of the
School of Education.
The Prince, one of the few who
have ever been in Ann Arbor, dis-
cussed a scholarship program for Ni-
gerian students to come to the Uni-
versity.
He is making a tour of midwestern
universities representing his country
in an attempt to organize an Ameri-
can Council on African Education.
The plan as he outlined it would
have the University offer scholarships
after the war for worthy Nigerian
students under the directorship of the
new council.
Only preliminary conferences were
held yesterday and no definite action
has been taken.

was going on in Cherkasy.
Destroy Troop Carriers
Over 70 German troop carriers and
trucks were destroyed and prisoners
captured by the Russians in the all-
out battle south and southwest ,f
Malin, 55 miles from Kiev where the
Germans were assailing a 40-mile
front in a drive to retake the Ukrain-
ian capital.
The Moscow communique. recorded
by the Soviet Monitor, said that in
one sector about 5,000 German in-
fantrymen, backed by a large group
of tanks, succeeded in taking a single
height in a morning attack. By the
end of the day the Russians with
their own tanks and self-propeiled
artillery had blasted. the Germans
from the height and "completely
restoring positions."
Serious War Battle
Eddy Gilmore, Associated Press
Correspondent in Moscow, called the
Kiev bulge conflict "one of the most
serious battles of the war."
"There is a stretch of battlefield
south of Malin which for violence of
tank against tank and mobile gun
against mobile gun out-rivals any-
thing since the days of the big tank
battles on the Don Steppe before
Stalingrad," he wrote.
CJar'r Appoints
Prosecutor To
Aid Inquiry'
LANSING, Dec. 11.-(M)-Recent
stormy developments in Circuit Judge
Leland W. Carr's one-man grand jury
investigation of the legislature had a
sequel today in announcement by the
court that he was appointing a new
special prosecutor to aid him in the
probe of tales of graft and conniving
in adoption or defeat of important
laws.
The Judge followed a cautiously
phrased original statement with an
oral elaboration in which he said he
was "emphatic" in his desire that no
one interpret his decision as meaning
that Attorney General Herbert J.
Rushton was "to be shoved out of the
picture" of grand jury affairs.
He said the new special prosecutor,k
whom he has not yet identified,1
would be appointed within "a few
days" and would have equal ranking{
with Rushton in the grand jury room.I

1141e ds
PTro -4)1pose Lower'
Drft Stanidards
O'f;icia1kS Suggest 'hat
TEakin More 4-Fs
Would Defer Fathers
WASHINGTON. Dec. 11.- (/P)-
, Selective Service will explore the
idea of lower physical standards in
order to take some 4-Fs and thus
possibly defer the induction of a
number of 1-A fathers, Chairman
XMay (Dem., Ky.) of the House Mil-
itary, Committee said today.
Officials have said only a change
in the Army's physical tests could
materially reduce the rate of induc-
tion of fathers. However, such stan-
dards are set by the Army, not Selec-
tive Service, and whether they will
be changed remains highly proble-
matical.
The newly signed draft law, which
seeks to delay drafting of fathers if
possible, sets up a commission of five
doctors to re-examine physical stan-
dards to see if they can be lowered.
May held a conference today with
Major-General Lewis B. Hershey, Se-
i c Live Service director, and an-
nounced afterward that Hershey had
telegraphed draft boards to defer
fathers as long as it was possible to
get their quotas otherwise.
The new draft act places pre-Pearl
Harbor fathers, so far as possible, at
the bottom of the draft list, on a
nationwide basis, and gives Hershey
dircet responsibility for its adminis-
tratin.
CampusUnites
In Paer Drive

Second Ukrainian Army contiames Offensive
In Dnieper Bend, Ta=king 123More rowns
By J:1;IS r. LONG
associated iDress correspondent
LONDON, Dec. 12.-Russian defenders, successfully absorbing the
power of massed German armor attacking west of Kiev in one of the great-
est battles of the war. hurled back the Germans from momentary gains,
wrecked 103 of their tanks and killed 1.500 of their men. Moscow announced
at midnight.
At the same time the Russian Second Ukrainian Army in the south
continued its offensive in the Dnieper bend, capturing 12 more towns.
Berlin itself announced earlier that in the Dnieper bend German troops
had evacuated the town of Chigrin. midway between Cherkasy and Kre-
menchug_ and that street fighting _ -_..

(o-ops, lFC,
Join Salvage

Congress
Campaign

The waste paper drive became all-
campus yesterday as the cooperatives,
IFC and Congress joined with Assem-
bly and Pen-Hellenic to help paper
the paper-hanger against the wall
with a flood of vitally needed old

newspapers, magazines, cardo ard
an d waste paper.
/tdge dfll Lasting until Friday, the campaign
Juage Appoints
will seek to help provide the nation's
paper mills with the raw material
Rapp to Post they need to keep making containers,
corrugated paper boxes and protec-
Albert J, Rapp, former Washtenaw tive wrappers for shipping war ma-
county prosecuting attorney, has been teriel to our armed forces overseas.
appointed special prosecutor for the Called one of the most important
retrial of William H. Padgett, who drives of this war, the current cam-
has spent seven years in prison after paign will last until Friday when rep-
conviction on the charge of murder of resentatives of the Washtenaw Coun-
an Ann Arbor policeman. ty Salvage Committee will pick up
Granted by the state supreme student collections at dorms, co-ops,
court, the new trial has been set for sororities, league houses and frater-
Jan. 4 before Judge Guy A. Miller of nities.
the Wayne County Circuit Court. Mr. George H. Gabler, chairman of

I

Fulton Lewis To Talk Wednesday

The old and the new Russia will
be depicted by Burton Holmes in a
lecture on "Our Russian Allies" with
motion pictures to be given at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
Mr. Holmes, who will be introduced
by Prof. Everett S. Brown of the
Political Science Department, is the
second speaker in the series spon-
sored by the Oratorical Association.
Often called "The dean of the
travelogue speakers," Mr. Holmes is
celebrating his golden anniversary

1901, and then will continue with
films he took during his Russian trip
in 1934.
Individual tickets for this lecture
and for Fulton Lewis, Jr., who will
speak Wednesday, can be secured
from 10 a.m. to 1p.m., 2 p.m. to 5
p.m., and 7 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. to-
morrow at the box office in Hill
Auditorium.
Capitol Hill Affairs

cuss the question, "What's Happening
in Washington?"
Starting out as a cub reporter on,
the "Washington Herald" within
three years Lewis rose to the position
of city editor. From 1928 to 1937 he
headed the Washington Bureau of
Universal News Service and covered
every type of news beat in the capital.
Highlight of his career was his
"scoop" on the Farnsworth Case. In
the summer of 1936, Lewis discovered
the operations of Lt. Commander

the county committee, suggests tying
old newspapers in bundles 12 inches
high -and magazines in stacks 18
inches high. Cardboard boxes should
be flattened and piled in 12-inch
stacks while waste paper should be
packed into boxes or bags so that it
will be easier to carry.
Profs To Go on Air
Today Over WJR
The development of post-war em-
ployment will be the subject of the
round table discussion radio pro-
gram. "In Our Opinion," to be broad-
cast from 12:30 to 1:00 p.m., today
over station WJR.
The broadcast, originating in Mor-
ris Hall, is a regular feature of WJR
on the second Sunday of each month.

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