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NIGHT EDITOR: RAY DIXON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Repeal of Subsidies Will
Not Benefit Farmers
THE BATTLE CRY of the anti-subsidy groups,
according to Time magazine, is: "Get your
cut now, boys."
The get - your - cut - now boys, composed
mainly of farmers and dairymen, certainly de-
serve to be called selfish and greedy. But they
deserve equally to be called shortsighted and
blind to their own interests.
Although there may be a temporary gain for
these groups from the rise in food prices, they
stand to lose in the long run. Apparently the
opponents of the subsidy plan fail to realize that
when food prices go up, wages must also go up.
The price of manufactured products must go up.
The whole economic structure will collapse
with the failure of price controls and the
World War I situation will be repeated with all
its disastrous aftermath. Agriculture, which
has never fully recovered from the crash of
the thirties, will again be the loser.
Food subsidies are not dangerous or radical.
They are a necessary wartime aid to the proper
functioning of a fr' economy.
Presrre groups may become drunk in infla-
tion now, but the post-war hangover will be
inevitable. Food subsidies are the only way out.
Congressional Repeal of
*Exclusion Act Is Hopeful
FAITH in Congress should be restored to some
extent now that the Senate has finally sent
the repeal for 61-year-old Chinese Exclusion Act
to the White House for signature.
Called "an historic mistake" by the Presi-
dent, the act will probably be repealed in spite
of Senator Reynolds' emphatic "No!" voice
vote. All it needs now is President Roosevelt's
While the bill allows only 105 Chinese to enter
yearly, under the quota system, it is indicative
of the fact that the American people do believe
in the ideals for which they are fighting.
Now our Chinese allies can look us in the eye
without thinking, "They talk big, but they don't
mean it." Now they can believe that there is an
equality of opportunity in the United States.
Maybe we can begin to believe that the color
of one's skin makes no difference.
Congress deserves a big bouquet for erasing a
smudge on the pages of American history.
Rumor of Allied Meeting
Is Encouraging Indication
PASSED by the cable censors during the last
week are two unconfirmed reports which pre-
dict an eminent meeting between the four great
Allied leaders, Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin and
Chiang Kai-Shek. Churchill and Stalin are said
to be conferring already.
Although the probability of such a confer-
ence is still in the rumor stage, its necessity
is growing with the passing of every day. If we
JACQUES MARITAIN insists upon an education
oriented toward a goal which the imagination
alone can reach. He objects to an education
based on experiments or oriented toward the
realistic facts of man's long development and
divorced from the Deity concept. To learn about
the nerve system of animals, including man, to
exhaust the laws of biology, physiology and psy-
chology in an effort to discover how a human
infant is most apt to act in a given situation, is
germane. But this only brings us to the portals
of our problem. All learning is negative if it
stops there. Education must go on to ask, "How
discipline the infant so that he will perform at
his best? How make certain he will continuously
exercise that freedom of expression, of associa-
tion, of choice and of creativeness which will
spell the highest good for himself and the great-
est number?" It is in the reach of this adven-
ture that man becomes himself in the family of
God. Were the chances of error less, responsibil-
ity absent or eternity shortened to time, life
itself would be flat, for much of the pleasure of
becoming independent would be denied.
Carl Jung in his Psychology and Religion,
remarks that "The true history of the mind is
not preserved in learned volumes, but in the
living mental organisms of everyone." (p. 41).
At this point, one has to admit that religion,
unlike art, literature, philosophy and science,
goes.off the reservation, forsakes the concept
mind, and appeals to spirit. Is this done in the
hope of more complete mastery of issues,
or is that a means of circumventing the
problem? Very generally those who are reli-
gious in the traditional sense, will even main-
tain that mind confuses spirit, that revelation
moves by a medium beyond mind and that
grace is the course by which God imparts to
man His ability to grasp truth and to respond
LIBERALS in religion shift the emphasis and
maintain that spirit is nothing other than
mind, but is mind functioning to choose worth
or mind under the aspect of value. In that re-
gard, value is a good desired. The drive of the
organism is in it. It is interesting, therefore, to
have this leading Catholic scholar, Jacques
Maritain, put forth a series of brilliant lectures
on "Education at the Crossroad" in which he
projects not only problems of religion, but those
of science and creative will. In the last analysis,
all who are in education are bound in that sub-
lime trek so well described by David Allan
"Where is one that born of woman altogether
From the lower world within him, moods of
tiger and of ape?
Man as yet is being made, and ere the
crowding age in ages
Shall not aeon after aeon pass and touch
him into shape?
All about him shadow still, but-while races
flower and fade,
Prophet eyes may catch a glory slowly gain-
ing on the shade,
Till the peoples all are one, and all their
voices blend the choir,
Hallalujah to the Maker. It is finished.
Man is made."
Also, if we are to escape the pitfalls of pro-
fessional dogma, we will have to remind our-
selves that it is in the very nature of life itself
and the basic characteristics of mind that reli-
gion is at its best. It not only provides man with
a sense of salvation, but gives that perspective
from which arises a never-ending number of
fresh hypotheses. Research is of faith.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
NO KID GLOVES:
Yugoslav Maintains Allies
Need Firm Nazi Policy
THE EMPHATIC statement this week by the
Yugoslav foreign minister before the United
Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administra-
tion that "Germany should be accorded the
treatment she deserves" comes as no surprise.
He related the brutal manner in which Ger-
man occupation troops murdered and raped
his countrymen. His story is no new one, but
should shock some complacent Americans to
the realization that the United Nations can't
handle a defeated Germany with "kid gloves."
A weak school marm attitude will never solve
the German problem. Our policy must be firm,
our convictions resolute when the time comes for
the settlement of grievances.
This statement is indicative of the feelings
of all conquered and occupied countries. Those
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Nov. 28.-Only one newspaper is
published in Naples. It is called "Risorgimento."
and operates under Allied control. For a time it
was a Badoglio sheet, but recently. (according to
press dispatches) it has been broadened. Now in
one and the same issue there can be found
articles supporting Badoglio, the monarchist,
but also articles attacking King Victor
Emmanuel, and even essays supporting Hum-
berto, that princeling who took up fascism in the
jaunty mood of a new college graduate taking a
flier in the b6nd business.
All this in one newspaper. To be sure, it has
been necessary to enlarge the sheet from two
pages to four pages, to make room for the various
points of view. That is not quite as good, of
course, as it would be to enlarge the Italian gov-
ernment so that it, too, might include more than
one point of view.
PASSION ON ICE
But "Risorgimento" fascinates me, for it re-
veals, once more, our passion for order. Great
forces are loose in Italy (as elsewhere) and we
are forever combing the hair of great forces, and
teaching them to mind their manners, and
otherwise making them presentable. We like
our great forces to behave themselves. If they
are good, they may have two columns on page
We do this in the name of unity, but I won-
der if what we really get isn't a kind of help-
less frozen disunity. The passion of the Ital-
ians for a democratic government is real. But
this popular passion is still not being given ex-
pression in the Italian government; it is being
kept on ice; it is being aged; it is becoming
older and more tired without ever being put
The explanation is that we had to give
Badoglio the first franchise on power in order to
win Italy quickly. One might say that he has
had his chance and that we do not seem to be
winning Italy quickly. Maybe it is time now to
give the people of Italy their heads and see
In a way, this prim business of combining pro
and con in one Italian newspaper reminds me of
Secretary Hull's suggestion that both major
American political parties should adopt identical
planks on foreign policy next year. That, too, is
a proposal framed in the spirit of exquisite
WRAPPED UP AND FROZEN
Like the plans for "Risorgimento," it is a pro-
posal which tends to deny, and degrade real dif-
ferences. What if the two parties do adopt iden-
tical foreign policy planks, and then one runs a
Colonel McCormick kind of candidate, while the
other leans more to "the Roosevelt or )AiillIle
Under Mr. Hull's pla, the question of for-
eign policy would be frozen, like the price of
The issue would be wrapped up and stored
away for the duration. It would be wrapped up
in a pair of identical resolutions. But those reso-
lutions can be written on a low level, or on a
middling level, or on a high level. The plan to
end competition between the two parties on
questions of foreign policy makes it almost cer-
tain that the resolutions would be written on a
THE TOO-ORDERLY UNIVERSE
Why bother to think too hard, when you can
knock the whole issue. out, and even convince
the public that there is no issue? The result, as
in other forms of restraint of trade, would be
mediocrity and stagnation. For an example, look
Twin resolutions here, and one newspaper
for both sides in Italy. Aren't we being a bit
tooformal, too prissy, and too orderly? Why
are we so afraid of dispute? Three years of
ferocious debate on foreign policy in America
have led to what dire result? Why, to the
almost unanimous passage of the Connally
resolution. Is that bad?
Perhaps if we stopped adjusting Italy's neck-
tie, and gave its popular forces the. right of way,
we might get something almost as good over
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
who have been trampled under the heel of
German ruthlessness will not easily forget.
These people who have felt the brunt of Axis
hate will raise an indignant voice. Their cries
cannot be ignored.
The free world is now thinking of the future.
Our thinking now will guide our actions. We
must be strong.
ROUND 4. I
GRIN-AND BEAR IT
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. - Most k
people think Standard Oil of Cali-
fornia was stopped six months ago
from pumping the Navy's Elk Hills
reserve. Fact is, however, that
Standard, with the consent of the
Navy, is still pumping oil.
It was back in June that Sec-
retary Knox admitted he had
"muffed it" and announced that
Navy and Standard were rescind-
ing the agreement. What actually
happened is that the two parties
turned up with a new operating
agreement, and while Congress
and the Justice Department scru-
tinize the new deal, Standard con-
tinues to operate Elk Hills.
However, those who have attended
the closed hearings of the House
Naval Affairs Committee realize that
Standard is about to be booted out of
Elk Hills by condemnation proceed-
ings. Thus the government will buy
the property which Standard thus
far has declined to sell.
Actually, the property was the
government's in the first, place, be-
fore it was granted free to Southern
Pacific Railroad, which sold it to
Standard of California.
What most people don't know is
that the President himself recom-
mended condemnation to the Navyr
more than one year ago. But the
Navy, for reasons best known to
itself, worked out a deal with
Standard which brought severe
criticism as another Teapot Dome
scandal - minus the little black
Because of this, Naval Affairs
Committee Chairman Vinson gave a
tongue-lashing to Rear Admiral H.
A. Stuart, the Navy's petroleum ex-
pert, in a closed session of the Com-
mittee. Stuart had been defending
the deal with Standard as "a good
agreement," but. Congressman Vin-
son had dug up a six-year-old state-
ment of Stuart's which told a differ-
In 1937, Stuart had told a Sen-
ate committee that it "wouldn't
be a very good policy" to lease the
lands to Standard Oil, because
"they might get the most out of
their wells and not operate our
Vinson read the Admiral's words
to him, then closed with this punch,
quoting again from Stuart's own
testimony - "We would be open to
While all the talk goes on, Stand-
ard is producing oil from Elk Hills
for government use. The question is,
why should not the government pro-
cure its owni oil from its own prop-
Poles Worry Hul .*
o - ... T
"Oh, dear--I forgot myself-after fifteen years of married
life, it isn't easy to take orders from a man!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI N
If diplomatic procedure permitted,
Cordell Hull would like to sit on the
Polish Ambassador to keep him from
hurting the Moscow agreements.
While the echoes of applause
were still sounding in his ears, the
Secretary of State found that the
Polish Embassy in Washington was
not quite' as willing as he to accept
the Russian view of the Polish
So a statement was released to the
press "from Polish sources," declar-
ing that the Russian Army must
enter Poland as an ally, not as a
conqueror, or face desperate resist-
ance by the Poles.
This statement was cleared in ad-
vance by the Polish Government in
London, but was not referred to the
State Department in Washington.
In fact, when the Department heard
about it, they hit' the roof.
What Hul is earnestly trying to
do is to keep the Poles and Rus-
sians from saying nasty things
about each other, so that diplo-
matic relations may be restored
between them. Relations were
broken early this year when the
Polish Government put out a state-
ment indicating they thought the
Russians, rather than the Ger-
mans, had killed thes10,000 Polish
officers near Smolensk.
Hull was trying to use his influ-
ence to get Russia to restore recogni-
tion of the Polish Government, but
this latest blast by the Poles may
have upset the apple cart.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
SUNDAY, NOV. 28, 1943
VOL. LIV No. 23
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
School of Education Faculty will
meet on Tuesday, Nov. 30, in the Uni-
versity Elementary School Library.
The meeting will convene at 4:15
Eligibility Rules for Fall Term:
Because of changed conditions on
the campus the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs has :decided to modify
the rules of 'eligibility for public
activities for -the current Fall Term.
The continuance of the plan will
depend upon the success with which
it is managed by the individual stu-
dent during the coming months.
Students will not be required to se-
cure certificates of eligibility, but
will be personally responsible for
checking their own eligibility.
First term freshmen will be al-
lowed to participate but will have
their grades checked by their aca-
demic counsellors or'mentors at the
end of the five-week period and at
mid-semester. Continued participa-
tion after these checks will depend
upon permission of the academic
counsellors or mentors. All other
students who are not on Probation
or the Warned List are eligible. Any-
one on Probation or the Warned List
is definitely ineligible to take part in
any public activity and a student
who participates under these cir-
cumstances will be subject to disci-
pline by the authorities of the school
or college in which he or she is en-
Participation in a public activity
is defined as service of any kind on
a committee or a publication, in a
public performance or a rehearsal,
holding office or being a candidate
for office in a class or other student
organization, or any similar func-
In order to keep the Personnel
Records up to date in the Office of
the Dean of Students, the president
or chairman of any club or 'activity
should submit a list of those partici-
pating each term on forms obtain-
able in Room 2, University Hall.
These records are referred to con-
stantly by University authorities,
governmental agencies and indus-
trial concerns throughout the coun-
try and the more complete they are,
the more valuable they become to
the University and the student.
Approved Organizations: The fol-
lowing is a list of organizations which
have received official recognition for
the school year 1943-44. Since these
groups are the only ones which have
submitted officers to the Dean of
Students, all 'others are considered
Alpha Kappa Delta#
Alpha Lambda Delta
Am. Inst,,,of' Clem. Eng.
Am. Soc. of Mech. Eng.
Chinese Students' Club
Christian Science Organization
Congregational Student Fellowship
Delta Epsilon Pi
Michigan Cooperative Hous
Phi Eta Sigma
Scalp & Blade
Society of Women Engineers
Student Religious Association
Student's Speakers Bureau
Women's Riding Club
Faculty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: The five-week
freshman progress reports will be due
Saturday, Dec. 4, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
Civilian students who purchased
student tickets for the Michigan-
Minnesota football game and' have
not yet presented their Deposit Re-
ceipts for refund are asked to do so
immediately.' .Refunds will be made
at the Ticket Office in the Adminis-
tration Building on Ferry Field from
8:30 a. m. to 5:00 p. m. daily: until
Dec. 1. -All deposit receipts become
void after that date and no further
refunds will be made.
H. O. Crisler, Director
Sign-Out Sheets must be tu ied in
by all women's residence halls, league
houses and sororities EVERY WEEK
by MONDAY at 5:00 p.m.
University Lecture: The Rev. Stan-
ton Lautenschlager, M.A., of Cheng-
tu, China, will lecture on the subject,
"The Students in Free China," under
the auspices of the Department of
History and the International Cen-
ter, on Thursday, Dec. 2, at 8:15 p.m.
in the Kellogg Auditorium. The pub-
lic is invited.
Chem. and Met, Eng. 2: The blue-
book scheduled for Tuesday, Nov. 30,
will be postponed until Thursday,
Psychology 31 Make-up examina-
tion will be held Tuesday, Nov. 30,
7:30 to 9:30 p.m., in Room 1121 N.S.
This is positively the last examina-
tion to be given.
To those students who have al-
ready signed for the Speeded Reading
Course: The class will meet Tuesdays
and Thursdays from 5 to 6 o'clock,
4009 University High School. First
meeting, Tuesday, Nov. 30.
Those not finding the hours con-
venient are advised to join the second
section which will organize at the
conclusion of the present course.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: An 'exhibition of paint-
ings by Eugene Dana, and color prints
by Louis Schanker, is presented by
the College of Architecture and De-
sign in the ground floor corridor of
the Architectural Building through
Dec. 28. Open daily, except Sunday,
8:00 to 5:00. The public is cordially
Itefrnational CenterPV wil have t
Mr. O'Malley DID
By inmy room
last night. I found
By Crockett Johnson
He's my fairy Godfather.He Sew i,
my window and talked to me and he -
flew out into the flower bed...
Nobody believes in
pixies any more, son.
Because, except in our imagination, --
there are no little men with wings
like this Mr. O'Malley of yours'...
WE know that, don't we, Barnaby?.
Something DID get into the flower
bed-last night ... Probably a dog.
Don't we ...
t suppose Mr. OMalley runs'
into this attitude all the
time. I wish he was here!
.andyou realizthatyu were
dreaming about that FaiyGodfather.
You don't believehe'srea do you? .