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November 23, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-23

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VOL. LIV No. 19 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 23, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Russians

Smash

Nazi

Counteroffensive

New Gilberts
Landing Made
By Marines
Forces Advance on
Karawa, Makin Atolls;
Find Resistance Heavy
By The Associated Press
PEARL HARBOR, T.H., Nov. 22-
U.S9 Marines have landed on Abe-
mama atoll, 80 miles southeast of
Tarawa in the northern Gilberts, and
have improved their position on both
Tarawa and Makin atolls.
This was disclosed today in a com-
munique from Adm. Chester W. Nim-
itz as the public anxiously awaited
news of progress of assaulting forces
engaged in bitter fighting against
Japanese artillery, machine guns and
pill boxes on Tarawa.
Communique Is Brief
A communique from the comman-
der-in-chief of the Pacific was en-
couraging but brief on this phase.
It stated only that "our troops have
improved their position on Tarawa
and Makin atolls, but are still en-
countering considerableaground re-
sistance."
The Abemama (Apamama) assault
was confined to one sentence:
"We have landed Apamama atoll."
This atoll was believed to belightly
defended and the fact no mention.
was made of opposition was seen as
enccuraging.
Simultaneously Admiral Nimitz dis-
closed that Vice Adm. Raymond A.
Spruance of Indianapolis is directing
central Pacific operations and Rear
Adm. Richmond K. Turner is in com-
mand of amphibious forces.
It further disclosed that the Tarawa
landings were made by the second<
Marines in command of Major Gen.1
Julian C. Smith of Elkton, Md., the
Makin assault by troops of the 27th
division commanded by Major Gen.'
Ralph Smith of Tucson, Ariz., and
that Major Gen. Holland McT. Smith
of Montgomery, Ala., of the Marines3
is in command of landig forces.
Hoover Directs Operations
Additionally, it was learned that
Vice Adm. John H. Hoover of GreatI
Falls, Mont., has been directing allI
combined Army and Navy ground-1
based aerial operations as commander1
of aircraft of the Central Pacific and
that Marine Lt. Col. James Roosevelt3
had landed with the infantry on
Makin.
Roosevelt's landing is presumed to
be primarily as an observer, since heE
is with the Army instead of his own
Leathernecks.
The landings on Tarawa and Makin
had thrown wide open the long-3
heralded campaign to dislodge the
Japanese from their mid-Pacific
strongholds. ,
El Culbertson
T Speak Dec. 3
On Peace Plans
Post-War Council
$poinsors Appearance
Of World Strategist
Ely Culbertson, famed bridge ex-
pert, author, and world strategist, will
speak here on Dec. 3 on the bases for
world peace, under the auspices of
the Post-War Council.
Culbertson, creator of the "Plan for
World Federation," will be the fea-
ture attraction at the annual Post-
War Council Conference, Ruth Dan-

iels, '44, chairman of the Council,
announced yesterday.
Well-known as a contract bridge
expert, Culbertson's interest in world
affairs has only recently come to
public attention. His book, "Total
Peace," just published, describes in
detail the plan which he hopes will
bring permanent peace to the world.
Culbertson's proposed peace pro-
gram has been called "the strongest
and most realistic plan for creating
a world police system that will pro-
tect all in collective security" by Dor-
othy Thompson, columnist. Stuart
Chase, economist, called it "the only
scheme I have ever seen specifically
designed for getting around the rock
nf nationalism."

Targets in South Pacific

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SANTA CRUZ

Carrier-based U.S. planes have made the biggest raid of a six-day
offensive in the South Pacific by attacking Nauru (1), key Jap base,
with Tarawa Atoll (2), also a target. American planes also hit Maloelap
(3) in Marshall Islands. Strong anti-aircraft opposition was reported
from Mili (4). Jaluit (5) has also been hit. In Buka-Bougainville area
sea and air battles continued intermittently.
ITALIAN FRONT:
Eighth Army Captures More
Towns; Nears Enemy Main Line

ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers,
Nov. 22-(AP)-Secretly reinforced by
a heavy contingent of Canadian
troops, General Sir Bernard L. Mont-
gomery's Eighth Army has plunged
ahead to capture two more towns
near the center of the Italian front
and was fighting tonight within two
miles of the enemy's main defense
line along the upper Sangro River.
(A Berlin broadcast last (Monday)
night said the Eighth Army had be-
gun a large scale offensive, "preceded
by strong artillery fire and supported
by strong air formations," but it de-
scribed British gains as negligible.
Heavy losses were declared to have
been inflicted upon the attacking
troops.)
The site of the Eighth Army's lat-
est thrust, made under miserable
weather conditions, is approximatelk
40 miles inland from the Adriatic
seacoast. San Pietro Avellana, 10
miles due west of Agnone, and Vasto-
girardi, between those two towns, fell
before Montgomery's determined
drive that was aimed at an important
junction of interior highways leading
to Rome.
Seizure of six stoutly-defended
Nazi strongpoints within two days
tore the enemy's grip from the last
points on the lateral Vastoisernia
highway and delivered that valuable
Parrot Opens
Doors Today
Restaurant Cleaned,
Has New Equipment
Complete with brightly colored
booths and a 100 gallon auxiliary
heater, the Parrot opens its doors to
business at 7:30 a.m. today.
Closed 12 days ago by the Health
Department, the Parrot has been
undergoing a thorough clean-up.
Proprietor Richard Dick of Detroit
and a number of students have spent
the time scouring the Parrot from
ceiling to floor.
"Dick has done an excellent job in
cleaning up the Parrot," Harold
Barnum, Chief City Sanitarian, said
last night. "The Parrot now meets
all health requirements," he added.
Barnum will make a final official
check when the Parrot opens today.
"Now that we've got the Parrot in
good shape, I hope the students co-
operate in keeping it that way," Dick
said.-
Pre-War Fathers
Win Deferment
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.- (P)-
Legislation designed to put pre-war
fathers at the bottom of the draft

Jackie Wall
Alters Story
Of Shooting
Boy Admits He Held
Gun Responsible for
Death of Playmate
In a new statement yesterday mor-
ning, Jack Wall, 11-year old son of
Mr. and Mrs. Elbert Wall, admitted
holding the gun that discharged and
killed Barry Rothstein, 12, Friday
evening.
The boy's new story contradicts his
version of the fatal shooting that he
told police Saturday, 12 hours after
the accident. At that time he said the
gun went off after he set it on the
drain board in the kitchen.
Jackie yesterday told Prosecutor
Francis Kamman and Police Chief
Sherman Mortinson that "we were
playing cops and robbers" at the back
door when the old German pistol
went off.
Father Fined
Albert Wall, the boy's father, was
fined $50.00 and $3.35 in costs yester-
day afternoon in Muqicipal Court by
Jude Jay H. Payne for possession of
a gun without a registration certifi-
cate.
IAlthough he said he had no wish
to add to the grief the family is bear-
ing, Judge Payne told Wall that he
felt "duty-bound to fine you as a de-
terrent to others and to emphasize
the need for having all guns properly
registered and inspected." He point-
ed out that to have the gun register-
ed, it would have had to be repaired
or rendered inoperative.
Request Hearing
City police yesterday submitted a
petition to Probate Court asking that
a hearing be held on the case to de-
termine juvenile delinquency. Pro-
bate Judge Jay Pray requested county
agent Arch Wilson to-investigate the
shooting and said that a hearing date
will be set "as soon as the investiga-
tion is completed."
The weapon, a .32 calibre German
pistol, was tested yesterday morning
at police headquarters by Detective
Sgt. Eugene Gehringer. He held the
gun cocked for five minutes and it
did not discharge.
On Saturday morning the elder
Wall had stated that the gun had a
"weak spring" and was liable to go
off if cocked.
Jackie told police that he picked up
the gun and was pointing it at Barry
when it went off. He said he did not
remember pulling the trigger, but
Sgt. Gerhinger declared that he did
not believe it could have been other-
wise discharged.
The new twist to the story permit-
ted police to request a hearing on the
case to determine Jack's delinquency.
Although Probate Judge Pray is em-
powered to commit the boy to a cor-
rectional institution, court officials
expect that he will probably be placed
in his parents' custody.
Milk Shortage Relieved
DETROIT, Nov. 22.- ()- This
city's milk shortage was relieved
today with the receipt of a first sup-
plemental shipment of approximate-
ly 200,000 pounds of fluid milk from
condenseries at Wauseon and Bryan,
0.

This is one of "the new German giant transporting planes," accord-
ing to the caption with this picture distributed by a Swedish picture
agency.
WORK HALTED FOR DAY:
Vote To Ban Price Subsidies
In House Delayed Deaths

Giant German

communications line to Montgomery's
advancing forces.'
Continued heavy downpours the'
length of the front greatly restricted
movement of men and guns and lim-l
ited the Fifth Army at the western
end of the battle line to patrol action
and artillery duels, the Allied com-
mand reported.
Aerial reconnaissance showed the
Nazis were working arduously tc
strengthen their defenses┬░ in depth,
and it was estimated they now have
10 crack divisions (perhaps 150,000
men) dug in across the peninsula.
Berlin Heavily
Bombed by
Night Attacks
Allied Aircraft Pounds
Nazi Capital in Second
Raid Within Eight Days
LONDON, Tuesday, Nov. 23.-(i)-
The German radio said early today
that Berlin was bombed last night by
Allied aircraft returning to the attack,
on the Nazi capital which was heav-
ily pounded last Thursday night by
the RAF.
"A great deal of damage" was ad-
mitted by the German broadcast,
which said the raid was made by Bri-
tish bombers.
The attack was said to have been
carried out despite dense clouds and
complete lack of visibility.
Earlier, telephone operators in
Stockholm had reported communica-
tions to Berlin cut because of an air
raid on the Nazi capital.
The raid was described as a "big
terror attack" by the German propa-
ganda agency International Informa-
tion Bureau, this being the usual Na-!
zi description for heavy, destructive
assaults.
The Agency said fires wore left
burning in the capital.
"This heavy terror raid," the Agen-
cy said, "caused serious damage in
many districts of the capital, especi-
ally in the workers' section. Losses
were caused among the civilian popu-
lation:"
The broadcast said the capital's
fire fighting squads began battling
the flames started by the block-bust-
ers while the attack was still going
on.
Riots Raging in
Lebanon Capital
CAIRO, Nov. 22.-(P)-The Cham-
1 e_ ra Tmrn+ia n" r- lio n ae niia

WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.-WP)-
Senator W. Warren Barbour, 55, of
New Jersey, died at his home tonight
---the third Congressman to die with-
in the past 24 hours.
The Senator's death at 10:45 p.m.
(EWT) tonight of coronary thrombo-
sis was announced by the capital
physician, Dr. George W. Calver, as
the House was observing a 24 hour
recess out of respect to two of its late
members, Henry B. Steagall of Ala-
bama and J. William Ditter of Penn-
sylvania.
Steagall, Democratic chairman of
the House banking committee and
usually a stalwart supporter of the
Administration, had led in the fight
against its subsidy program. Seventy
years old, he died in George Wash-
ington Hospital this morning after a
heart attack which associates said
was brought on by an energetic
speechdagainst the program last
Thursday.
Ditter, 55, chairman of the Re-
publican congressional committee
and recognized as one of the most
eloquent speakers in Congress,
crashed to his death last night in a
Navy airplane near Columbia, Pa. A
member of the appropriations sub-
committee handling Navy funds, Dit-
ter was enroute from the Squantum,
President Reports
On Trip to Faculty
Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven, presi-
dent of the University, announced
yesterday that he would make a full
report of his trip to England to the
faculty at 4:15 p.m. Thursday, Dec.
2, in the Rackham lecture hall.
President Ruthven returned tor
campus Saturday after a five-week
tour of British educational facilities.
It is expected that the president
will make a report to the meeting of
the Board of Regents here Friday
and to the Deans of the University
sometime next week.

Transport

Mass., naval air base to the Navy
base- at Willow Grove, Pa.
The two deaths raised to six the
mortalities among House members
of the 78th Congress and brought
from Dr. George W. Calver, Congres-
sional physician. a warning to other
members to "slow down and give
more attention to their condition."
They left the political line-up in
the House at 219 Democrats, 207 Re-
publicans, four minor party members
and five vacancies.
Steagall's death automatically.
boosted to the Banking committee
chairmanship Representative Brent
Spence, Kentucky Democrat, who
supports the silbsidy program. How-
ever, no one in the House expects the
eventual vote on subsidies, should it

Reds Repulse
Germans at
Korostyshev
Drives Intended To
Relieve Pressure on
Troops in Kiev Sector
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Tuesday, Nov. 23.-Red
Army troops buttressed by fleets. of
tanks smashed powerful new Nazi at-
tacks. near Korostyshev, halting a
savage counteroffensive toward Kiev,
wrecking 80 enemy tanks and carpet-
ing the battlefield with German dead,
Moscow announced early today.
Even as the Germans lunged des-
perately on this narrow sector 20
miles east of Zhitomir, other Soviet
armies on the distant flanks slashed
deeper into the Dneiper bend to the
southeast, and in the Rechitsa area
to the north, killing, 2,500 Nazis, said
the broadcast communique recorded
by the Soviet Monitor.
Drive Towards Rumania
These drives apparently were in-
tended to relieve pressure on the Kiev
sector as well as to advance the gen-
eral offensive toward the borders of
Rumania and pre-war Poland.
Another 600 Germans fell in battle
10 miles north of Zhitomir, the war
bulletin declared, as Field Marhal
Gen. Fritz Von Mannstein struck out
in a new direction in the Chernyakov
area, possibly aiming at Korosten
Two attacks were repulsed near
Chernyakhov.
Ninth Day of Battle
Holding firmly in the ninth day of
battle in the Korostyshev sector, the
Soviets were declared to have met
and broken the tremendous new Nazi
onslaughts yesterday, leaving the ap-
proaches to the Russian positiope
"covered with dead German officers
and men."
The twin-pronged Red Army clean-
up of the Dneiper bend hammered
closer to Krivoi Rog and Nikopol, the
war bulletin said.
Heavy Casualties
South of Kremenchug, Gen. Niko-
lai Vatutin's armored battalions were
declared to have killed 1,000 Ger-
mans, disabled 66 enemy tanks, and
slashed through repeated Nazi cou-
terblows to capture six strong defense
centers, taking prisoners and seizing
booty, including 100 German trucks
with supplies.
A night attack southwest of Dne-
propetrovsk dislodged the Nazis from
a strongly-fortified center, the com-
munique continued, and during Mon-
day the Russians threw back repeat-
ed German counter-attacks, w~ipng
out up to 600 Germans and wrecking
10 tanks.
RedArmy cavalrymen encircled
one town, the communique said, wip-
ing out a company of Germans and
taking prisoners.
WAVES Open.
Recruiting Desk
[n League Today
Students May Obtain
Information On New
Officer Candidates
Ensign Jean Courtney and reserve
Specialist 3/c Harriet Simonson,
WAVE recruiters from the Office of
Naval Procurement in Detroit, are
now in Ann Arbor, with headquarters
established in the Council Room of

the Women's League.
Emphasizing the need for 20,000
more WAVES to fill the 47,000 quota
set by the Navy for the end of the
year, they handed down this com-
munique from their makeshift quar-
terdeck today:
"We are urging girls, especially
those in the last half of their senior
year, to come and see us now about
information concerning the Officer
Candidate V-9 program. Those eli-
gible may sign up now, finish their
college course, then go into Navy
training at another college."
Every day this week, from 2 to S
p.m.,'the WAVE recruiting office will
be open to all those interested in
serving the war effort in their most
useful capacity.
Ensign Courtney and Specialist 3/c
Simonson are both college graduates
I +-,a tro. +10 +. a.1,ha n + a-

come tomorrow or later, to be
thing but flat rejection.

any-

Aussie Tanks
'Gain in Newv
Guiiiea Jungles
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED
HEADQUARTERS, Tuesday, Nov. 23.
-(1P)-Australian- soldiers, supported
by 26-ton Matilda (British type)
tanks, have punched their way
through the Northeastern New Gui-
nea junmgles to within half a mile of
the core of Jap defenses on high
ground around Sattelberg.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's head-:
quarters coupled this report today
with others showing that during the
past 48 hours aircraft flown by mem-
bers of three Allied nations-the
United States. Australia and the
Netherlands-have sunk or damaged
r19,000 tons of Japanese shipping.
The drive on Sattelberg is one dir-
ected inland eight miles northwest!
of Allied held Finschhafen. on the
Huon Peninsula coast against forces
Iwhose jungle plateau positions over -
look those of MacArthur's men.
These were among the outstanding
shipping blows:
American Liberators in daylight
Sunday sank a 4,000 ton vessel off
Manokwari, Dutch New Guinea, and
shot down two and damaged one of
six intercepting float planes. Enemy
anti-aircraft fire downed one of the
SLiberators.
Agencies Knock
Army Venture
WASHINGTON, No . 22.-1P-
Spokesmen for three government ag-
encies criticizedt he Army sharply to-
day for its $130,000,000 Canadian oil
centure and broke into the open a
smouldering argument dating back a
year and a half. Interior Secretary
Ickes said flatly that the whole pro-
ject "ought to be junked." y
The Senate's Truman Committee,
self-chosen umpire in the dispute,
eheard from the Interior Department,
the Budget Bureau and the War Pro-
duction Board thats:

THIRD CONCERT:
Menuhin To Play Variety of
Selections in Program Tonight
Yehudi Menuhin, the child prodigy
who has grown up to become one of hin argued when he was a young boy,
the world's greatest violin virtuosi, and this attitude has remained a part
will present the third Choral Union of his approach to music to this day.
concert at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Music Loving Family
Auditorium. The thing has gotten into the blood
Sonatas by Bach, Beethoven and of his family, for the first cable re-
nartabyiBl h ,Bghttonight's re- ceived from Hepzibah, his sister, after
Bartok will highlight f mght pro- she was married and reached her
cital. The second half of the pro- home on a sheep station in Australia
gram will be made up mainly of short read, "Please buy and send me imme-
works by such composersas Debussy, diately all the 'Urtext' editions of
Villa Lobos, and Grainger. Bach, Brahms, Beethoven, Mozart,
Began at Age of Four Shubert, etc."
Born in New York City in 1916, Many great musical figures have
Menuhin began playing the violin at played a part in Menuhin's life. Dur-
the age of four and at seven made his ing the time he lived in Paris Serge
concert debut with the San Fran- Koussevitsky often dropped in for a
cisco Orchestra. cup of tea and a chat. Frequent vi-
Since his verv ear1v hildhood. he ci-nma tf fn T rfn,,v. llnm. w.a cu

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