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November 19, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-19

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VOL. LIV No. 16 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOV. 19, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Reds

Take

Korosten,

Split

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JI

Post-War Plan for
University Released
Public Works Program Calls for Building,
Equipment Modernization, Expenditures

The University Building Commit-
tee yesterday released a Postwar Pub-
lic Works Program for the University,
the estimated cost of which totals
more than $26,000,000.
The plan, which was approved by
the Board of Regents in September,
calls for modernization of inadequate,
obsolescent buildings and equipment
in addition to capital expenditures
for new dormitories, departmental
buildings and other improvements.
Report Sent to Gov. Kelly
A report of the plan prepared by
Prof. Lewis M. Gram, Director of
Plant Extension, John C. Christensen,
Controllor and Assistant Secretary
and Walter M. Roth, Assistant Super-
intendent of Buildings and Grounds,
was recently sent to Gov. Harry F.
Kelly.
The report stated that the enroll-
ment of part-time students and full-
time resident students has increased
more than proportionally since 1920.
Pointing out that if the pre-war rate
of growth continues after the end of
the war, an enrollment of 18,000 full-
time students in residence might rea-
sonably be expected. This would be
an increase of about 50 percent over
the 1940 figure.
Donations Not Sufficient
Although the enrollment of stu-
dents increased precipitately since
1930, no major appropriations have
been made for the expansion of phys-
ical plant facilities at the University
for more than ten years. The report
said that donations and issuance of
bonds for self-liquidating projects
have not been sufficient to supply
the need of additional classrooms and
larger and improved laboratories. The
capacity of these must keep pace
with the growth of the student body.
The schedule of projects is divided
into three groups. First, provisions
must be made to bring the physical
plant up to date. Nineteen projects
are included in this group, the esti-
mated cost of which is $13,056,000.
The second plan is to meet the de-
mands for the University training in
a five-year post-war period. Esti-
mated cost for these projects is $13,-
775,000.
'The third group includes longer
range plans for University develop-
Civilians To Get
More Soft Coal
Industrial Plants Must
Curtail Consumption
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.-(P)-
New bituminous coal distribution
regulations designed to divert a
larger share of production to domes-
tic heating purposes were issued to-
day by the Solid Fuels Administra-
tion.
The SEA said that recent work
stoppages at the mines, combined
with the increasing coal require-
ments of war industry, had created
a bituminous shortage making the
regulations necessary.
The program, which becomes ef-
fective Dec. 1, requires that most
industrial plants and railroads hav-
ing 25 days' coal supply in storage
and public utilities having 40 days'
requirements on hand reduce their
current orders to 75 percent or less
of monthly burning requirements.
The SFA estimated that the stock
limitation will free approximately
5,000,000 tons each month to move
through retail dealers to domestic
consumers and industrial users with
below-standard stocks.
Buck Kills Pony as

Owner Hunts Deer
While LaVerne Coy, 5340 Miller
Road, is up north hunting deer, his
barnyard came into the spotlight yes-
terday as the scene of a double mur-
der, involving his son'sapet pony and
an eight-point buck.
Wednesday the 14-year-old boy's

ment, no estimates of which have
been made,as yet.
The report pointed out that funds
for nearly half of the University
lands, buildings and equipment, ap-
praised at more than $60,000,000,
have come from sources other than
state funds.
General Service Building Suggested
Erection of a general service build-
ing is proposed to house the general
administrative offices of the Univer-
sity and the offices and departments
of the University's public service units
to provide for closer contact and
more expeditious administration of
the University.
Completion of this plan calls for
the tearing down of University Hall,
which was condemned by State pub-
lic safety authorities as a fire hazard
See POSTWAR, Page 2
Turkey Gives
Secret Aid to
Allied Forces
Country Nears War;
Air Bases Ready for
Use in Bombing Axis
By The Associated Press
ANKARA, TURKEY, Nov. 17 -
(Delayed)--Turkey is giving sub rosa
assistance to the Allied armed forces
which closely approximates that
which the United States gave Britain
in the months before Pearl Harbor,
and is moving toward war with the
Axis.
Details of the secret aid cannot be
disclosed.
There is little doubt that her
course has been set and that Turkey
will become- a full-fledged fighting
member of the United Nations, prob-
ably by spring.
Continued Turkish aid to the Al-
lies might lead to a token attack
by the Nazis on Turkish soil and
bring the whole gathering storm into
the open.
Turkey already has developed
elaborate airports and landing fields
which hardly need more than the
arrival of Allied bombing planes and
their crews to be transformed into
bases for far-reaching operations
against Axis-held territory. Tur-
key's army, made up of some of the
bravest soldiers in the world, prob-
ably could not go into action before
spring in any event, since the wint-
er in Thrace is not fighting weather.
The new Turkish position natur-.
ally stems from the Moscow Confer-
ence and subsequent talks in Cairo
between Turkish Foreign Minister
Numan Menemencioglu and British
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden,
though the best thought here still
is that Eden made no specific de-
mands on Turkey.
(Apparently alarmed at the turn
of events, Franz Von Papen, Nazi
Ambassador to Turkey, returned to
Germany two days ago. The Nazi-
controlled Paris radio said he was
received by Hitler Thursday.)
One of the unsubstantiated re-
ports going the rounds here is that
Eden told Menemencioglu that Rus-
sia wanted Turkey in the war to
protect her flank and as a guaran-
tee of Turkey's faith in the Allied
cause.
Menemencioglu was said to have
replied that Turkey would go on
helping the Allies sub rosa and would
eventually enter the war against the
Axis, but that for the time being
she did not wish to provoke the
Germans to active retaliation.
* * ,*
Wilson Explains
Occupation of Leros

CAIRO, Nov. 18.-(A)-British oc-
cupation of the Dddecanese Islands
of Cos, Leros and Samos and the
subsequent loss to the Germans of
the first two was justified today by
the British Middle East commander,
Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, as
a "diversion" which "has paid us a
dividend."
In the first official review of the
Pntir..+ AP ria~n' a -,, ~ +4 (Un iQ

Hillers To
Get Subsidy
For Wheat
Government Program
Launched To Hold
Down Bread Prices
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.- The
government launched anew subsidy
program tonight to hold bread prices
down to present levels while permit-
ting millers to pay higher prices for
wheat.
Stabilization director Fred M. Vin-
son announced the program, to cost
"no more than $9,000,000 a month,"
while at the Capitol a coalition of
Democrats and Republicans in the
House pushed ahead with a campaign
to kill all subsidies after Jan. 1.
Ceiling Prices To Hold,
Under the Vinson-approved plan,
wheat flour millers would pay as high
as parity prices for wheat, should the
market reach that level, and at the
same time continue to sell flour for
no more than the. ceiling pricesnow
in effect.
The date on which payments will
become effective will be announced
later, Vinson said.
The Reconstruction Finance Cor-
poration has been asked to provide
funds for the subsidy and to adminis-
ter the program.
'Squeeze' Necessitates Subsidy
His office said the plan was or-
dered because of a "squeeze" on mil-
lers resulting from higher wheat pri-
ces. Otherwise, it was said, increased
ceiling prices for flour would have
to be allowed.
In order to prevent the possibility
of a new squeeze should the price of
wheat advance above parity, the of-
fice of price administration will place
a ceiling on all wheat to supplement
the maximums recently placed on
soft wheat in the eastern states.
The subsidy program calls for
establishing two milling regions, one
east of the Rocky Mountains and one
west.
The amount of subsidy to be paid
in each region is to be announced at
the beginning of each month and
remain fixed for that month.
Nearly every member in the House
stood and applauded Representative
Steagall (D.-Ala.) as he concluded a
stinging attack on subsidies as the
representatives moved through their
first day of debate on anti-subsidy'
legislation.
Senate I nq uir y
To Probe Retail
Liquor Scarcity
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.- (P)-
Congressional efforts to do something
about the retail liquor shortage won
the approval of the Treasury today
and the Justice Department disclosed
it already is pushing an investigation
to see whether the scarcity is genu-
ine.
While Senator Scrugham (D.-Nev.)
author of the resolution for the Sen-
ate inquiry which is to begin next
week, estimated there are 400,000,000
gallons of liquor stored in bonded
warehouses - that's 3,200,000,000
pints-there were these other devel-
opments:
(1) Secretary of the Treasury Mor-
genthau, told of the plan of Senator
George (D.-Ga.) to cut the length of
time liquor may be held untaxed in
bond, said: "Senator George has a
good idea and I'm for it." Morgen-
thau predicted that this plan to cut

the non-taxable period from eight to
four years would turn enough liquor
into retail stores to end the shortage
overnight and wipe out "the black
market in liquor" just as promptly.
(2) Wendell Berge, in charge of the
Justice Department's anti-trust com-
mittee, disclosed that his office al-
ready has assigned special men to
find out whether liquor concerns
have been fixing prices and with-
holding supplies in order to create an
artificial shortage and thus increase
prices.
Editors, Radio Men
To Tour 'U' Today
More than thirty newspaper editors
and radio and magazine men from all
over Michigan will tour the Univer-
r;-m_ it + _ - An._- no - -- o^fA -

U.S. Blasts
Jap Air Base
Near Rabaul
Americans Shell Buka;
Surge Inland for New
Gains on Bougainville
By The Associated Press
ADMIRAL WILLIAM F. HAL-
SEY'S SOUTH PACIFIC HEAD-
QUARTERS, Friday, Nov. 19-Am-
erican warships, flaunting an im-
plied challenge at the naval might of
Rabaul, have ventured less than 200
miles from that Japanese fortress
for the second time this month to
shell enemy air bases on Buka at
the northern tip of Bougainville.
The warships, warding off dam-
aging blows by Japanese planes
which harrassed their movement
along the coast of invaded Bougain-
ville, poured their shells on Buka for
45 minutes, during the pre-dawn
hours Wednesday.
On the west central coast of Bou-
gainville, the last big enemy Solo-
mons base barring the eastern ap-
proaches to Rabaul, American troops
have fought their way inland at mn-
press Augusta Bay for new gains,
their guns adding more dead'Japan
ese to a total which has grown be-
yond 800 since the invasion opened
Nov. 1. In contrast American losses
have been little more than 100, Ad-
miral Halsey's headquarters said.
Reinforcements continue to be
sent to the beachhead, headquarters
disclosing today the sinking of a
small ship Tuesday by Japanese
planes which attacked vessels in a
convoy bringing in supplies and re-
inforcements.
Although Japanese float planes
and torpedo planes attacked inter-
mittently for hours during the war-.
ships' movement toward Buka, the
ships were not interfered with by
planes during the bombardment.
Japanese planes reappeared on the
trip back dropping white and green
flares but failing to attack. One of
the planes definitely was shot down
by the ships' anti-aircraft.
Senators Back
Absentee Voting
Suggest Amendments
To Green-Lucas Bill
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.--(P)-A
dozen Senate Republicans tentatively
agreed at an informal conference to-
day to seek sweeping changes in the
Green-Lucas Bill creating a war bal-
lot commission to supervise absentee
voting by the armed forces in next
year's general election.
Senator Bridges (R.-N.H.) predic-
ted the group would back amend-
ments to make certain that the pro-
posed four-man commission would
include two "real Republicans" and
would seek to alter a section empow-
ering the Chief Justice to name an-
other jurist as an umpire in case of a
commission tie.
Senator Vandenberg (R.-Mich.),
who called the group together, said
the Republicans are "interested in
making the bill workable." He said
another meeting will be held Satur-
day at which proposed amendments
will be studied.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.- Secre-
tary of State Hull, in a history-mak-
ing personal report to Congress on
the Moscow conference, expressed
conviction today that the declaration

CORDELL HULL
... brings message from Moscow
adopted there laid the foundation for
a post-war world of peace and secur-
ity for all peace-loving nations, great
and small.
The 72-year-old Secretary's visit
to the capitol broke precedent and
he was received with an acclaim un-
equaled save for the appearances be-
fore ,the legislators of . President
Roosevelt and Prime Minister Chur-
Heav Bombers
Smash Berlin
In Night Raid
Massive Operations
Climax 3-Day Series
Of. Allied Air Blows
LONDON, Friday, Nov. 29.-(R)'-
Britain's heavy bombers were report-
ed, in a DNB broadcast today to have
attacked Berlin with fire and explo-
sive 'bombs last night as the climax
of' three days of massive operations
by RAF and American squadrons
concentrating on vital components of
the Nazi war machine.
The night assault followed up a
smashing daylight raid by unescorted
U.S. Liberators on the Germans' big-
gest Norwegian airplane repair and
maintenance depot at Kjeller, outside
Oslo.
The Nazi broadcast, recorded by
the ministry of information, sugges-
ted that the attack on Berlin was
made in force.
"British bomber formations flew in
over northwestern Germany under
cover of unfavorable weather condi-
tions and attacked Berlin as well as
a few other localities with high explo-
sives and incendiary bombs," it said.
Nazi night fighters were reported
to have taken off immediately and,
with the aid of ground defenses, "pre-
vented the British terror bombers"
from concentrating on, the heart of
the capital.
The U.S. daylight blow was another
precision attack meant to wipe out a
vital component of the Nazi war ma-
chine.

FOUNDATION FOR PEACE:.

Hull Reports on Moscow
Conference to Congress

chill. A thundering ovation, which
greeted him when he entered the
House chamber, was repeated when
he concluded his 25-minute speech.
His address was interrupted fre-
quently by applause which was loud-
est when heapaid tribute to the Soviet
people, saying they "merit the admir-
ation and good will of the peoples of
all countries," and to Soviet Premier-
Marshal Stalin whom he called a "re-
markable personality, one of the
great statesmen and leaders of this
age."
While Hull made clear that the
Moscow conference left much to be
done in the future, he left no doubt
of his elation over the declaration
by the United States, Great Britain,
the Soviet Union and China that they
"recognize the necessity of establish-
ing at the earliest practicable date a
general international organization
based on the principle of the sover-
eign equality of all peace-loving
states and open to membership by
all such states, large and small."
He wanted to lay particular stress,
he told the legislators, on that prin-
ciple of equality irrespective of size
and strength, and added that it was
"particularly welcome to us."
Eighth Army
Smashes Nazi
Counterattack
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Nov. 18.-01P-German prep-
arations for a counterattack along
the middle sector of the Sangro Riv-
er front were smashed yesterday by
the concentrated fire of Eighth Ar-
my artillery, while continued heavy
rains converted Iaanbatlersand
creeks along the tla te line
into raging torrents.
Diverted from Italian targets by
the- unfavorable weather, American
Flying Fortresses and M-25 Mitchells
again turned their wrath against im-
portant enemy airdromes in the
Athens area in a continuing effort
to curb German air power that was
so effective in overcoming the Brit-
ish and Italian defenders of Leros
,sland in the Aegean.
The unescorted Fortresses flew
through a heavy barrage to drop
bombs on hangars, storage dumps,
runways and parked aircraft at Ee-
vsis Field, leaving towering columns
of smoke behind them.
Petain Resigynation
Reported in France
AT THE SWISS-FRENCH FRON-
TIER, Nov. 18.-0/P-Marshal Petain
is declared by an informant with
Vichy connections to have written
his resignation as chief of state, to
become effective unless his wish' to
summon a "democratic" parliament
is granted.
This report could not be confirmed
through direct French channels to-
day, but the source was one not like-
ly .to accept a mere rumor. The in-
formant said energetic negotiations
still were underway in an effort to
prevail upon the aged Marshal to
change his mind.

orces
Soviets Near
Gomel Axis
Escape Route
Rechitsa Stronghold
Captured, Zhitomir
Setback Recovered
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 18.-The Red Army
split the German forces in White
Russia and the northern Ukraine to-
day by capturing the impotant rail
junction of Korosten, and also nar-
rowed the enemy's escape corridor
from imperilled Gomel to less than
25 miles by toppling the protective
stronghold of Rechitsa after a furious
three-day battle.
Stalin Announces Victories
Two orders of the day by Marshal-
Premier Joseph Stalin announced
the twin victories below and aove
the Pripet marshes. They were brod-
cast by Moscow and recorded by the
Soviet Monitor.
The last north-south railway avail-
able to the Germans, the Leningrad-
Odessa Railway 60 miles short of the
pre-war Polish border, was cut at
Korosten late yesterday after a two-
day struggle by Gen. Nikolai Vatu-
tin's forces which already had effec-
tively split the enemy's forces in the
southern and northern Ukraine by
taking Zhitomir, 45 miles below Kor-
osten.
Recovering from Wednesday's
slight retreat in the Zhitomir sector,
the Russians also beat- down heavy
German counterattacks between there
and Korostyshev, inflicting huge los-
ses on Field Marshal Erich Von
Mannstein's tank and infantry forces,
the daily communique said.
Reds Take Rechitsa
A night attack routed the enemy
from Rechitsa, 100 miles across the
Pripet marshes northeast of Koros-
ten, and only 25 miles west of Gomel
on the railway to Warsaw. The Rus-
sians, also flowed westward 25 miles
to take Vasilevichi.
The Rechitsa garrison was hurled
eastward across the Dnieper Rivei' by
troops under Gen. Costantin Rokos-
sovsky, who stopped cold the brief
German summer offensive last July
near Belgorod in a prelude to the
massive Red Army counter-offensive
which has not yet halted.
The enemy units were thrown into
the arms of their own Gomel troops
between the Dnieper and' Sozh Rivers
for either a last-ditch fight or a re-
treat northwestward along the rail-
way running to Zhlobin. Other Rus-
sian units crossing the Sozh above
Gomel already were reported within
10 miles of severing that escape
hatch, and Moscow dispatches said
the Gomel garrison's position hourly
was becoming untenable as the Rus-
sians strove to encircle it.
'Band Tryouts
Will Be Held
Membership Auditions
Named for Next Week
Auditions open to all students for
membership to the University Con-
cert Band will be held next week, Nov.
22 through Nov. 27, in Morris Hall.
Students are asked to observe the

following schedule for auditions:
Monday, flutes, oboes, English horns,
bassoons, E flat, B flat, alto and bass
clarinets, 4:30-6 p.m.; Tuesday, saxo-
phones, 4:30 to 5:15 p.m., French
horns, 4:30 to 6 p.m.; Wednesday,
cornets and trumpets, 4:30 to 5:30
p.m., baritones and euphoniums, 4:30
to 6 p.m.; Friday, trombones, 4:30 to
6 p.m., tuba 5:15 to 6 pm.; Saturday,
string bass, 10:30 to 11 a.m., percus-
sion, 11 a.m.
. Those students who are unable to
audition at the indicated hours will
be given other periods by calling at
Morris Hail any afternoon from 1 to
4:30 p.m. Rehearsal schedule will be
arranged after the membership has
been selected and the available time
determined.
The Concert Band, which has been
praised by such eminent musicians
as Dr. Frank Goldman, Roy Harris,
Ferde Grofe and Morton Goulds, will
present concert and radio performan-
ces.
Drowsy Coeds Turn Out
7 w_-'. - -V ! _. _ " __±

U. S. FOREIGN POLICY:
Rogers Asks for International Cooperation

By LOUISE COMINS
"I am disappointed with the atti-
tude of the British to their Empire,"
Congressman Will Rogers, Jr., stated
here yesterday in a lecture on "The
United States in Foreign Affairs."
"I think we should cooperate with
England as much as possible," Mr.
Rogers continued, "but we should
disassociate ourselves from her co-
lonial policy in the Pacific."
He explained that the United
States was trying to cooperate with
the peoples of the Pacific; that we
had'given freedom to the Philippines,
renounced extra-territorialism, and
recently repealed the Chinese Exclu-
sion Act.
"The difficulties of settling post-
wa. Eunn will beimmense." he

airbase in the fold, should be made
an international air base by agree-
ment and that Britain should open
up Bermuda and Iceland in a sim-
ilar manner.
Speaking from information he
acquired while abroad a few
months ago he revealed that there
is a dangerous trend toward na-
tionalism sweeping over Europe.
YThis demand by all peoples that
their countries be completely re-
instated after the war must be
considered," Mr. Rogers declared.
"I don't think bombing alone will
defeat German," he said while des-
cribing his experience in England.
"War in Europe can only be wort by
fighting on land, sea, and in the

people to that of the Americans by
stating that Lord Woolton, the Brit-
ish minister of supply who is one
of the most popular men in England,
has a job similar to that of the head
of the OPA in the United States.
Mr. Rogers also compared the
British method of sending out bomb-
ing raids With the American method.
"The American forces work on the
principle of saturation of defense
and the concentration of offense,
while the British saturate defense
only at the point of bombing," he
revealed.
In the beginning of hi speech
while describing the mechanisms
of Congress, Congressman Rogers
stated, "The repeal of the poll-tax

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