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June 11, 1944 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-06-11

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SUNDAY, JUNE 11, 1944


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nazis Concentra
De Gaulle Is Hero of Norman
People Set Free by Allies






Cut Allied Lines

By The Associated Press
LONDON, June 10.-Gen. Charles
De Gaulle is the hero of that fringe
of Normandy so far liberated, dis-
patches from the front said today as
the shadow army of the underground
sprang to action in southern France
and reportedly planted its banners
of liberation almost at Vichy's gates.
Free for the first time since
France's fall in the bitter summer of
1940, Frenchmen on the coast-some
of whom were pressed into service to
build the German Atlantic Wall-
have been telling the Allies:
De Gaulle only Leader
"Gen. De Gaulle, as well as Brit-
ain and America, has been our con-
stant hope through the darkest hours.
He is the only leader for us."
Reports from Spain said a flame of
revolt was sweeping through central
and southern France, and heavy
fighting between the underground
and collaborationist militia was re-
ported at many points, including
Gannat, only ten miles from Vichy
On the fighting front the French

underground was carrying out or-
ders of the Supreme Headquarters of
the Allied Expeditionary Force, serv-
ing as guides and furnishing informa-
tion on German troop movements as
requested in a broadcast before D-
I Traitors Not Neglected
Despite their joy at being once
more free, the liberated French have
not neglected traitors and collabora
tors, and violence against these per
sons continues daily.
To the south, far from the front
French guerrilla forces resorted to
arms and it is believed they have
seized both sides of the Rhone and
Saone valleys and are in action both
north and south of Lyon.
Thirty collaborationist militiamen
were reported killed at Macon on the
Saone, while the Tricolor waved in
city halls, windows and balconies
through towns and villages in the
region of Auvergne, where Chief of
Government Pierre Laval had an
electorial stronghold for years.

Crucial Naval Contest
Expected by Strategists
Associated Press Correspontent
f LONDON, June 10.-After a number of unsuccessful attempts to cut
gashes in the greatest naval battle armada in the world's history, German
channel forces were concentrating their submarine power today against
s Allied cross-channel lifelines, and American officers were expecting a
crucial struggle in a big German naval effort within the next few days.
In the latest of the slim German navy's unprofitable forays into
invasion waters, a light force of British coastal vessels sank four out
of seven heavily-armed trawlers in two skirmishes off Holland early today,
with the loss of one motor torpedo--

II . --

Yank Invaders Buried in England


(a rose by another name)

e boat and two casualties.
While a German destroyer of a
- previous engagement lay smouldering
wreckage on the French coast, Al-
lied warships kept up their air-tight
e collaboration with the air force to
d keep the Germans' U-boats under
h water and ineffective, and the armies'
reinforcements and supplies streamed
into the Seine Bay, "greatest sea
terminus the world has ever seen es-
tablished for purposes of battle,"
with the precision and regularity of
rail traffic, a front report said.
Weather Bad
The biggest obstacle for the fleet
thus far has been the weather-not
Nazi sea units. Allied, warships
roamed the channel at will, and Ger-
man bombing at the Seine anchor-
age was described as "spasmodic."
Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk, aboard
the Flagship Augusta, was antici-
pating a desperate German effort to
halt the continuous strengthening of
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's
advancing and unyielding units, and
believed the struggle would come
soon, a corespondent aboard the ship
Second Destroyer Lost
The loss of a second American
destroyer in the invasion was dis-
closed in a dispatch from the chan-
nel naval forces. No details were
given, but these two ships were said
to be the U. S. Navy's only losses up
to the fourth day after the inva-
sion landings.
The Berlin radio reported that al-
lied cruisers and destroyers were en-
gaged by Nazi units in violent battle
in the western part of the channel.
The broadcast said that "one enemy
cruiser and destroyer were damaged
and also one German destroyer."
Colonel, AWOL,
Gets Decoration
LONDON, June 10.-(P)-Col. Ralph
Bagby of Evanston, Ill. - the first
paratrooper to return to England
from France-and who helped plan
the airborne operations for the in-
vasion, was AWOL when he went
along and made his first parachute
jump during the initial stages of the
Col. Bagby, who said he went along
to "see how things were going," has
been reprimanded and will be deco-
rated. As a staff officer he was not
supposed to take an active part in
the operations.
The Colonel, who in civilian life
manufactures dairy products mach-
inery, dropped from a troop carry-
ing planes four hours before landing
barges touched the French coast In-
vasion Day: Bagby said he and the
men with him "just raised hell gen-
erally" with German fortifications
and gun positions.

Allied Objectives
Along French
Coast Attainable
Decisive Battles Still
To Be Fought; Troops
Battle for Cherbourg
Associated Press War Analyst
Bright prospects of attaining indi-
cated immediate objectives mark the
first week-end of the Allied second-
front invasion of continental Europe
although decisive battles are yet to
be fought.
There is every indication that the
great port of Cherbourg at the tip of
the Normandy Peninsula may very
soon be in Allied hands. That seems
the initial Allied goal.
A well sheltered and equipped
French harbor through which to pour
ashore troops, tanks, guns and stores
to establish an offensive front in
France is the urgent need of General
Eisenhower and his staff and Cher-
bourg would fill their present require-
No Clue for Large Plans
Yet even accepting the view that
the battle of Normandy is in reality
the battle for Cherbourg, it gives
neither friend nor foe any certain
clue to larger Allied plans. There is
no hint yet as to where and when the
march to Berlin from the west will
start. Until the Nazi War Staff knows
that, it dares not commit its full
reserve resources to action. Those
reserves will be strictly husbanded
until General Eisenhower more fully
shows his hand.
The next week's developments
should prove up more definitely both
the Allied purposes and the Nazi
ability to meet the danger without
resort to wholesale retreats in Russia,
in the Balkans and in Italy to shorten
front and conserve manpower. It is
obvious, however, that a German re-
treat from the Italian peninsula is
already in progress.
Follow-Up After Rome
The fast Allied follow-up on the
capture of Rome is filled, too, with
deadly menace for the foe. He is in
grave danger of seeing his armies cut
apart in the center by the Allied
drives up the Nera and Tiber Rivers
northeast of Rome. Loss of the criti-
cal road and rail communication keys
at which those spearheads are aimed
could nip off the whole German left
flank in Italy and pin it against the
Adriatic for annihilation.
The German 14th army retreat up
the Italian west coast above Rome is'
out-pacing badly the 10th army es-
cape from the Sangro bulge in the
center and on the Adriatic flank.
With every step gained by General
Clark's fast-moving pursuit of the
foe the danger to the 10th army in-
The Nazi 10th army must effect its
withdrawal through the narrow de-
files of the Appenines. Retreating
troops and transport can escape only
over canalized routes critically ex-
posed to air attack.

Associated Press Correspondent
ETERY, England, June 10.-The first
American dead from the terrible bat-
tle across the Channel rested tonight
beneath Biitish soil.
Rows of flag-covered caskets of
brown, polished wood lay at the bot-
tom of mass graves opened by a steel-
jawed steam shovel.
As a double column of officers
and enlisted men led by five chap-
lains approached in a slow march,
the English operator of the steam
shovel stood silently in his cab, his
hand clutching his cap, his black
hair blowing in the wind.
There was nothing to mark this as
anything but another military fun-
eral, but it seemed to drive home with
cruel sharpness the increased tempo
of war on the French coast.
With Capt. Sumner Johnson, U.S.
Ninth Air Force chaplain of Terry-
ville, Conn., I drove to this cemetery.
It must be one of the most beautiful
in the world. Here lie American dead
from the first world war. Here in the
gently-rolling hills where the grass
always is green and towering pines
scent the breeze, will lie the dead
Nazis Announce
Allies Moving
Near Cherbourg;
LONDON. June 10-d ()-German
News Agency broadcasts said tonight
that six American divisions with
"orders to conquer Cherbourg for-
tress" began a large-scale attack
yesterday and rolled to a point near
Montebourg, 15 miles southeast of
Nazi formations "Fighting their
positions were able to successfully
stem a further advance of the Amer-
icans by Friday night," the tians-
ocean agency said.
More U. S. parachutists dropped
behind German lines, Berlin said.
The Americans were using two air-
borne and three infantry divisions,
one tank division and numerous
special formations on a 14-mile front
between Montebourg and Carentan,
the Germans said.
The Axis high command reported
without Allied confirmation that the
Allies had made another attempt to
land at Trouville, seven miles across
the Siene Estuary south of Le Havre.
Allied Troops
Wage House
To House Battle
Associated Press Correspondent
representing the combined American
FRANCE, July 10-Allied troops are
battling from house to house in the
northern outskirts of a village north-
west of German-held Caen after
experiencing a bitter dose of Nazi
Tank-led attackers stormed and
captured the woods and northern
houses of the village late yesterday
whereupon the Germans broke out
and started waving white flags. But
when the Allies started to enter the
Germans cut loose with spandaus
and machine guns, forcing a with-
drawal to the northern end of this
highly strategic village which domi-
nates Caen.
Now heavy Allied armored rein-
forcements are rolling forward.

from this war until they are moved
There were no mourners inside
therhododendron-bounded ceme-
tery save one. An English girl, her
eyes red and puffy from weeping,
stood in the road a few feet away,
and chewed nervously at a wrinkled
handkerchief. She wore a rough
leather coat, no hat, and no stock-
ings. One of the Americans was
her husband.
Another was a flier, a P-38 pilot.
From his base somewhere in England
four of the twin-tailed craft dipped
near the small group. Flying in per-
fect echelon, their engines muffled,
they circled once and disappeared.
Another American I knew. He was
the crew chief aboard a troop carrier
plane riddled by ground fire beyond
the bridgehead on Cherbourg Penin-
sula Tuesday night.
Capt. R. F. Grady, Philadelphia,
Pa., read the catholic service. Maj.
F. J. Smeltzer, Shamokin, Pa., be-
gan the protestant service with
Scripture. There was a prayer by
Lt. Ford Gilbert, Long Beach, Calif.
The raw wind gusting from the
skies drowned out the words and
we could only catch parts:
"I am the resurrection . "
Capt. Frank H. Lash, Navy chap-
lain of 1512 Axtell St., Clovis N.M.,
said a prayer and read from the
Bible. Capt. John A. Moore, Lake
Helen, Fla., and Lt. Dezil Carty, 28
Edgecombe Ave., New York City, a
negro, concluded the service.
We stood at attention and saluted
while a firing squad set the hills
echoing with three volleys.
Corp. Joseph Ferlazzao, 100 Daisy
St., Clearfield, Pa., sounded taps.
Swelling and then fading as the
wind rose and died came the an-
swering taps from the far side -of
the hill, where the flag stood at
half-mast before the white chapel

with its ivy-clad columns. They
came from the bugle of Sgt. Her-
bert E. Thompson, 17 Belleview
Ave., Ilion, N.Y.
We marched away, eyes straight
ahead and the silence broken only
by the cadenced crunch of heels into
gravel walks. The flag still was at
half-mast as we climbed into our
jeeps and trucks, and an officer
"The flag remains at half-mast so
long as there are unburied dead in-
side the cemetery."
I took one last look as we headed
toward the gate. The English girl
stood at the edge of the still-open
grave, her hands shoved deep into her
The steam shovel wheeled ponder-
ously and clawed up a scoopful of
sodden earth.

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SUNDAY, JUNE 10, 1544

necessity for a second front
was beyond all question,
for no nation was ever
brought to surrender by
aerial attack alone.
* * *
DRIVE started in Michi-
gan on D-Day. Army per-
sonnel, under the direction
of Col. Young, have already
collected $1,000 cash value
of bonds. All Army and
civilian personnel of the
3651st Service Unit will be
contacted by "minute men"
consisting of 130 officers
and enlisted men. Com-
panies and classes will
compete against each other
and prizes for the highest
man in each company, and
to the highest man in the
service unit will be present-
ed at the conclusion of the
SHIP'S BALL, only for-
mal all-Navy dance of the
semester, was held yester-
day in the Intramural Buil-
ding. Yellow and gold flags,
a velvet drape with an
eight-foot anchor and a
gangplank and canopy out-
side in the garden by the
coke bar were included in
the decorations. Johnny
Lnne his 17-niee nrches-

at 2:15 p.m. over Station
WJR. Prof. Waldo Abbott
was interlocutor and Mr.
Walter Weber, assistant
football coach, was the
sports expert on the ques-
tion bee. Also on the board
of experts were Amos Mor-
ris of the English depart-
ment, Randolph Adams,
director of the Clements
-Library and Arthur Hack-
ett of the School of Music.
* * *
publications were made last
week by the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publica-
tions. For The Daily, Jane
Farrant was reappointed
Managing Editor, S tan
Wallace was reappointed
City Editor and Betty Ann
Koffman was named Edi-
torial Director, succeeding
Claire Sherman, a gradu-
ating senior. Lee Aimer was
appointed Business Mana-
ger, succeeding Betty Car-
pentar. Griffith Young was
appointed Managing Editor
of the 'Ensian fox the com-
ng year and Al Srere was
named Associate Editor.
Janet Gray was reappoint-
ed senior Business Mana-
ger of the 'Ensian.
A *
EXAM R e n lnnc . inn

1 1

for a Man To Remember!,

C' k
t 4 w

:QCi "/ y y SV
ti '

summer 9
There's nothing so flattering to a foot - or to
summer clothes - as a smartly styled spectator
pump. .The beauty of our Naturalizers is their
easy, clinging fit that gives your foot a lovely
line, with "no slip - no gap - no pinch."

KING VISITS GENERAL-Somewhere in England,
King George VI pays a visit to the headquarters of
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, now leading
invasion forces. His Majesty is shown (left) leav-
ing a mobile unit. -AP Photo

June 18th is Father's Day, the day when Father will be the
King of the home. Make his day a specially happy one by
sending him a special Father's Day card. This is your
chnce to let your dad or husband know how much you love

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