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June 03, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-06-03

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Oneather
Occasional Rain

VOL. LIV No. 151 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, JUNE 3 1944
Yanks Blast Last-Ditch Defenses of 13

PRICE FIVE CENTS
~ome

American Fortresses Make
Shuttle Raid on Romania
Planes Land in Russia after
Dropping 7,000 Tons of Explosives
By The Associated Press
LONDON, June 2.-Forging a powerful new link in Allied air superiority,
U.S. Flying Fortresses and escorting Mustangs made an historic shuttle raid
on Romania today and landed in Russia as part of a massive two-way aerial
assault in which more than 5,000 Allied planes dropped nearly 7,000 tons of
explosives on Hitler's Europe.
The shuttle- bombers, first Allied planes to attack enemy soil and then
make planned landings in the Soviet Union, apparently flew from bases in

Hopwood A wards Are

Announced

* * *

* k *

Swimmn in
HrTon RniVer
Fou nd Unsafe
CommissiOner Warns
Against Polluted Water
Dr. Otto K. Engelke, Washtenaw
County Health Commissioner, warned
the public against swimming in any
portion of the Huron River, espe-
cially in Barton Pond, yesterday.
Tests of Barton Pond by health
authorities revealed too high a rate
of contamination and the public is
warned to stay away from the area
for swimming.
The tests that indicated pollution
of the water are not to give the im-
pression that the city water supply
is also contaminated, Dr. Engelke
said. The purifying plant has been
approved by U.S. Public Health auth-
orities and drinking water is good.
Dr. Engelke stated that there was
a possibility that typhoid germs
might be found in the water, but
that complete tests had still not
been made. No cases of typhoid have
been reported to date, however.
There is little possibility that the
public will be able to swim in the
Huron River at all this summer,
he said. Any part of the Huron
River from Dexter on down in unsafe.
Dr. Engelke stated that Whitmore
Lake and any other lakes northwest
of Dexter were safe for swimming.
A number of reasons were stated to
account for the pollution of the Hu-
ron River water. The dumping of
untreated sewerage material from the
Dexter dam into the Huron River,
and the excessive rain which is wash-
ing dirt and fertilizer into the river
are the chief causes for the contam-
ination, he concluded.
Nazis Capture
Tito's G rotto;
Leader Eseapes
By The Associated Press
BARI, ITALY, May 29.-German
paratroopers supported by glider-
borne infantry swarmed down and
captured the Bosnian headquarters
of Marshal Tito May 25 but failed
to catch the wily Yugoslav leader,
Partisan sources disclosed today.
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel,
whose whereabouts had been a mys-
tery for weeks, w said to have di-
rected the attack personally.
Tito escaped to the mountains
along with Maj. Randolph Churchill,
son of the British Prime Minister,
and virtually all Allied officers at-
tached to Tito's staff.
Two Allied correspondents, Stoyan
Pribichevich of Time, Life and For-
tune magazines, John Talbot of Reu-
ters, and two photographers were
captured in the Nazi stroke, but Pri-
bichesvich escaped later during a
Partisan attack on the Nazis.
A blistering Stuka dive-bombing
attack at 6 a.m. preceded the air-
borne assault on the headquarters,
situated m a vast grotto near Drvar,
70 miles north of Split.
With bitter fighting raging over a
wide area and vantage points chang-
ing hands numerous times, German
transports and additional gliders
poured in more men, field pieces and
supplies throughout the afternoon,
night and following day.

" taly. Their landings were made on
bases previously prepared by Amer-
ican ground crews.
While the Mediterranean air force's
blow was the more spectacular, heavy
bombers of the Eighth Air Force in
Britain added their own one-two
punch to the 15th consecutive day of
Allied aerial assaults on Europe,
French Targets Hit
Flying Fortresses and Liberators
swept into France twice during the
day to hit prime military targets.
The first raid, made against the in-
vasion coast of Pas De Calais, was
accomplished without loss either to
bombers or escorts, but in the sec-
ond seven Fortresses were missing.
The American planes after drop-
ping their loads on important junc-
tions on rail lines supplying the Ger-
mans at the Russian front were met
by American Mustang and Soviet Yak
fighters which escorted them to the
newly-made bases in Russia.
Heaviest Assault
From Britain a fleet of 1,000 Brit-
ish-based Fortresses and Liberators,
with half as many escorting fighters,
slammed into the Pas De Calais area
with some 3,000 tons of explosives for
their heaviest assault thus far on the
Nazi anti-invasion targets.
"All our bombers and fighters re-
turned safely from the attack on
German military installations along
the coast of France today," the U.S.
Strategic Air Forces communique
said.
This 15th consecutive day of bomb-
ing of Nazi Europe got off to an early
start when RAF heavy bombers
struck in the first hours after mid-
night at objectives over a 2,000-mile
front all the way from Scandinavia
to France, Hungary, Germany and
the Mediterranean.
I CTo .Hold
Street Da nce
University Hall Drive
To Be Site of Co-Hop
Co-Hop, the first outdoor street
dance in recent University history,
will be held from 8:30 to 11:30 p.m.
today in the driveway behind Univer-
sity Hall.
Marian Zander, co-chairman of the
social committee of the Inter-Co-
operative Council, sponsorer of the
event, stated that the ICC hopes to
start a tradition for future street
dances during he summer and make
them another Michigan custom.
Miss Zander added that both couples
and unescorted girls and men are in-
vited to attend the dance. Music will
be played over the University public
address system.
The ICC is planning to transform
the driveway into a regular dance
floor with all the advantages of in-
door and outdoor dancing. Refresh-
ment booths will be placed around
the driveway where soft drinks, ice
cream and cookies will be sold. For
those who do not wish to dance
benches will be placed around the
circle.
Chaperons for the dance are Dr.
and Mrs. James Klee, Prof. and Mrs.
Carl Burkland and Prof. and Mrs.
A. K. Stevens. There will be no ad-
mission charge.

PiZewinners
Named after
Bpogan' s Talk
Winners of major and minor Hop-
wood awards totaling $5,700 were an-
nounced yesterday following the 14th
annual Hopwood lecture given by
Louise Bogan, poetry critic of the
New Yorker magazine.
Marianne Finton Meisel gained
top honors in the major fiction con-
test, receiving $1,000 for her novel,
"The Lost Moorings." She is a grad-
uate student from Jackson.
Other winners in the major fiction
contest were Rene L. Kuhn, '44, from
New York City who received $600 for
her novel, "Into the Light"; Augusta
Walker, '44, from Ann Arbor who re-
ceived $600 for "The Diamond Core";
William John Kehoe, '44, from Spen-
cerport, N.Y., who won $500 with the
novel, "A Sweep of Susk"; and Flo-
rence Maple Brown, grad., from De-
troit, also receiving $500 for her nov-
el, "Ring Curb."
In the minor fiction field, Hilda
Jane Slautterback, '44, from Fremont,
received $150 for "Mexican Silver"
and other stories. Russel M. La Due,
Jr., '45, from Sioux City, Ia., and
Arthur K. Orrmont, '45, from Brook-
lyn, N.Y., each won $100. La Due's
manuscript was entitled "Three
Stories" and Orrmont received his
award for "Six Stories." Shirley R.
Robin, '45, from New York City re-
ceived $75 for her "Short Stories,"
and Nancy Groberg, '45, of New York
City, won $75 for her "The Harp on
the Willows."
Judges in this field were Whit
Burnett, Marcia Davenport and Mar-
tin Flavin.
Charles A. Leavay, grad., from'
Dearborn, captured the major drama
contest winning $500 for his "Plays
with a Preface." No prizes were
awarded in the minor drama con-
test. Wolcott Gibbs, Lewis Nichols
and Betty Smith were the judges.
In the essay field, Miriam Mans-
field Stimson, grad., from Sandusky,
O., won one of the major awards of
$500 with "The Detroit Doorway of
Desire." The other major award in
this field was won by Sister Mary
Philip Ryan, grad., from Adrian. She
received $400 .for her "A Long Hot
Day."
(Continued on Page 4)
Nazi Attacks
FOrCe Dent in
S oviet inesf'
LONDON, June 2. -(P)- Nazi
troops, attacking savagely with large
forces of tanks and infantry through
the fourth day of their battles in
the Moldavian province of Romania,
have driven another dent into Rus-
sian lines northwest of Iasi, Moscow
acknowledged tonight.
"An insignificant wedge" was ac-
complished by the Germans at the
cost of heavy losses in manpower
and equipment insa series of blows
northwest of the town, the Russians
said in their broadcast communique
recorded by the Soviet monitor.
The Germans continued to attack
today north of Iasi in the same area
as the original blows, but Moscow
said all of these thrusts were re-
pulsed.
On other sectors of the front Mos-
cow said there were no essential
changes.
Moscow made no mention of air
action in the communique, but earli-
er the German radio had said that
at least 1,000 Nazi planes were in

action over the Romanian front

CIO COMMITTEE:
Labor Must Take Full Part in
Politics, Says Union Leader

"People will be able to listen to
enlightened education on government
in the next election because we still
have democracy despite the efforts of
our own native son Clare Hoffman
and his colleagues," August Scholle,
state director of the CIO Political
Action Committee stated last night
in a joint CIO-AFL meeting.
Representatives of the CIO, AFL,
University professors and students
attended the meeting and took part
in volunteering for political action
after the discussion.
Scholle, in discussing the question
of labor's part in politics, pointed out
that, "Those very congressmen who
laud employers for engaging in politi-
cal action protest suchhaction by
labor. B3ut their action has been in
vain, for Attorney Biddle has investi-
gated our committee and has given it
a clean bill of health."
"We are interested in the economic
welfare of the people. We are inter-
ested in whether or not we will have
a replica of 1932," he 'continued.
Scholle stated that at present labor
must deal with government agencies
on questions of economic conditions
rather than with management. Since
congressmen set up these agencies
labor must go into politics in order to
be represented.
"We cannot fight with strikes or
picket lines now, we have to get rep-

resentatives in office who realize the
needs of the people," Scholle said.
In discussing the question of politi-
cal action in the localitytScholle
stated that labor wants votes not
money. He believed that to organize
and register the voters is more im-
portant than raising money for the
campaign.
At the meeting were several candi-
dates for public office, including can-
didates for sheriff, state house of rep-
resentatives and Congress. Although
the local CIO has not endorsed any
candidates at present all candidates
are encouraged to attend meetings.
Refugees Will
WASHINGTON, June 2.- (')-
Some war refugees unquestionably
will be brought to the United States,
President Roosevelt said today, and
one of the plans under study contem-
plates housing them in an Army
camp no longer needed by the mili-
tary.
The chief executive stressed in a
news conference discussion, however,
that the emphasis in this country's
approach to the problem is on finding
wartime havens closer to the refugees'
own homelands.
Any refugees brought here would
have to go back home afterthe war
or find other places to live, he said,
and it is only common sense to try to
avoid two sea voyages.
CIO lUnion 'Wins in
Power Plant Election
DETROIT, June 2.-(IP)-The CIO's
Utility Workers Organizing Commit-

MARIANNE FINTON MEISEL,
above, is winner of the top prize of
$1,000 in Hopwood contest. Miss
Meisle submitted the novel, "The
Moorings." A graduate student,
she is a resident of Jackson. An-
nouncement of the award was
made yesterday after the annual
Hopwood lecture.
At left, Rene L. Kuhn is shown
accepting a $600 check from Prof.
Roy W. Cowden for her prize-win-
ning manuscript, "Into the Light."
Miss Kuhn, a native of New York
City, is a senior.
Japs Lose in
Burma, India;
Gain in China
By Tine Associated Press
Fierce fighting raged on two widely
separated Asiatic war fronts yester-
day with the Japanese suffering set-
backs in Burma and India while
pressing ahead toward their main
objective in China's bloody Hunan
province.
American and Chinese forces made
progress at the big Japanese base at
Myitkyina, in Burma. Attacking from
three sides, the Allies gained 400
yards in the southern part of the
town and advanced nearly a mile
from the northwest against severe
opposition. The Japanesesustained
heavy casualties.
The Chinese high command an-
nounced 20,000 American - trained
Chinese troops, seeking to make junc-
ture with the Allies in the Myitkyina
sector, advanced through rain, mud
and mist. These Chinese, driving
from the Salween River area of Yun-
nan, steam-rollered some strongly
defended Japanese positions north
of the Burma Road.
The fighting on the I20-mile front
in Hunan province was described as
fierce with both sides losing heavily.
The Chinese recaptured Kweiyi, 42
miles north of Changsha, main ob-
jective of the Japanese. The town
changed hands several times before
the Chinese won it from the invaders.
The Japanese took Pingkiang, 50
miles northeast of Changsha, and
advanced to a point 22 miles east of
Changteh.
A Chinese Army spokesman esti-
mated the Japanese have massed
280,000 troops for their attempt to
cut China in two by taking complete
control of the Canton-Hankow rail-
way. He predicted 'new Nippon blows
in China as the Allies apply greater
pressure against the Japanese else-
where.
Horse Show
Is Held Today
Giving an opportunity for local
riders to demonstrate their horse-
manship, the Twentieth Annual Crop
and Saddle Horse Show will be held
at 2 p.m. today at the Golfside Riding
Stables.
"Nine events will be featured in the
show, including drills, pair, hack and
jumping classes, giving ample oppor-
tunity for riders of varying abilities
to participate," said Emily Peter, '45,
president of Crop and Saddle, and it
will be a particularly good show to
watch because of these classes. All
those interested in watching a~e
cordially invited to attend.
Admission to 'the Horse Show is
free, and all those wishing transpor-
tation to the stables are asked to
meet in front of Barbour Gym at

Two Key
. .
Cities Are
Captured
Stubborn Fighting
Is Still in Progress
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NA-
PLES, June 2.-Powerful American
armored and infantry forces smashed
through the key German strongholds
of Valontone and Velletri in the Alban
Hills before Rome today, shattering
the enemy's last-ditch defenses and
foreshadowing the beginning of the
end of the battle for the Eternal
City.
Valmontone, 20 airline miles from
Rome on the Via Casilina, main es-
cape route for the mauled German
Tenth Army retreating from the Hit-
ler Line, and Velletri, 18 miles south-
east of the Italian capital, fell after
days of vicious assault and flaming
resistance.
Fierce Fighting
Early tonight fierce fighting was
reported still in progress as Lt. Gen.
Mark W. Clark's victorious forces
continued to pound back the stub-
bornly struggling Hermann Goering
Armored Division and other crack
Nazi units. The Allies held three
miles of the Via Casilina.
Capture of Valmontone and sever-
ance of the Via Casilina drew the Al-
lied sack tighter on the remnants of
what once were 12 German divisions
holding the Gustav and Hitlers Lines.
Less than 18 miles separated Clark's
troops from Canadian forces who
pounded up the Via Casilina and seiz-
ed Ferentoni. Caught between the
two Allied wings, Marshal Albert Kes-
selring's battered forces were stream-
ing northward on several secondary
roads towardthe temporary safetyof
a new defense line hinged on Avez-
zano.
20,000 Prisoners Now
It was disclosed that the crack Am-
erican First Armored Division and
other strong American reinforce-
ments had been thrown into the bat-
tle now raging within sight of Rome.
The first armored division played a
conspicuous part in the Tunisian vic-
tory last year.
For the second straight day a num-
ber of the Nazis' hoarded fighter
planes appeared over the field, diving
to strafe Allied shock troops. Every
yard of Allied advance was made
through a hurricane of artillery fire
from the hills, the enemy even using
anti-aircraft guns to sweep the dusty
terrain.
Indiana GOP,
Rejects Dewey
Democrats in Kansas
To Be Chosen Today
By The Associated Press
Indiana Republicans shouted down
a proposal at their state convention
yesterday that the state's 29 delegates
to the national convention be in-
structed to vote for Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey.
The proposal, advanced by Rep.
Gerald W. Landis of the seventh dis-
trict, was rejected by a thunderous
negative,
At the same time the convention
nominated Homer E. Capehart, In-
dianapolis manufacturer generally
regarded as a Dewey supporter, for
the U.S. Senate. Capehart won over
James E. Tucker, former Indiana

secretary of state. Ralph H. Gates,
Columbia City attorney and former
Republican state chairman, was un-
opposed for the governorship nomina-
tion.
Meanwhile Kansas Democrats met
to name their 16 national convention
delegates today while Republican na-
tional leaders are studying the re-
sults of their next-to-last state con-
vention-held yesterday in Indiana.
A dozen states have yet to choose
Democratic delegates, but the Demo-
cratic National Convention doesn't
start until July 19.
Dr. Grau Elected
New Cuban Head

EASIER TERMS ASKED:
Pope Says Fear Prevents Early Peace

LONDON, June 2.-('P)-Pope Pius
declared today that the idea that the
war must end in complete victory or
complete destruction is "a stimulant
towards prolonging the war," and,

the Church" and the "vast division
and dispersal of religious confessions,"
Answers Papal Critics
Speaking less than two months
after the Patriarch of Russia and the
Archbishop of York had repudiated

some, decisive events, the discussionj
of the fundamental outlook and ofj
the detailed guiding principles of the
future peace attracts more and more
participants."
Dislikes Vengeance Aim

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