TH fiU1 . it AN . A..lY
FR DAY. tUNE 2. 1944
Fift y-Fourth Year
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Edited and managed by students of the University
MiVichigan unrder the authority of the Board in Control
Claire sherman .
Evelyn Philips ,
Harvey Frank .
Bud Low. .
Jo Ann Peterson ,
Mary Anne ison.
Elizabeth A. Carpenter
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . .Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
, .Sports Editor
. , . Associate Sports Editor
. . .Associate Sports Editor
. .Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
. . . .Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager
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ntered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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LVVJember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: BETTY KOFFMAN
;ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staf
and represent the views of the writers only.
1HERE seems to be something of a
movement op the part of parent
and church groups to re-introduce
religious education into the public
schools here in Ann Arbor, and
throughout Michigan. This raises the
old arid fundamental questions of
the separation of Church and State
institutions (like the schools), - and
the idea of freedom of religion (which
cal include freedom from religion.)
The state has no duty to raise
"moral" or "Christian" citizens. Its
job is to educate Americans to obey
its laws and to help write better ones.
And the truth is that if we would
teach kids in civics classes to obey
the Michigan statutes forbidding dis-
crimination against minority groups,
to permit their opponents the pursuit
of happiness, too, and to be conscien-
tious voters and candidates, we would
probably end up with a generation
more Christian than if it had been
brought up on some of the imagina-
tive fables of The Bible.
The proponents of this play say
that the great need in education to-
day is to give the "young people" a
moral code to "keep them out of
trouble." This kind of training can
be gotten only through religious edu-
cation, they feel. and since many
parents do not insist that their chil-
dren go to Sunday School, many chil-
dren are now deprived of these neces-
sary moral principles of living.
It .is certainly true that many
people base their personal rules
of conduct on religious tenets. But
it is equally true that many people
have set up their own rules, and
that the latter frequently resem-
ble the Ten Commandments and
what is known as "Christian liv-
ing" as closely as do the former.
BUT WE can't begin to set up these
individual standards until we
have learned to reason quite thor-
oughly, and unless we practice logical
thinking on all kinds of subjects.
It is important in building edu-
cated Americans that they be capable
of self-analysis and understanding
of the bacc principles by which they
live. We ought to help children as
much as possible to build up their
"why" faculties, their ability to rea-'
son, their intellectual curiosity. But
if children become so accustomed to
religious education that they accept
it in the same way that they accept
the inevitability of 2 andt2 equalling
4, we will be going backward. Wheth-
er or not the children end up super-
naturalists, at some time in their
lives they should sit down and evalu-'
ate religion and its part in their lives
and in society. The schools should
do nothing to take away this ability
to reason; but putting religion into
the currisulum would tend to have
Religious education in the home
or in Sunday school is perfectly
acceptable to society as long as it
does not 'hinder aur advancement,
and as long as it d~esn't try to take
away from non-believers or free-
thinkers their right to their ideas.
But that is where religious educa-
tion should remain-in the homes
and in Sunday schools.
The American people fought long
and hard to get rid of the Salem
witch-burniings and the oppressive
fear of hell and the devil which little
children grew up with in colonial
days. We are more and more substi-
tuting a little logic and a scientific
* - ~
'My Position Remains Entirely Unchanged'
UdB Rather eRAflt
By SAMIUEL GRAFTON
e Gret Stone Face
ITH Republican convention time a little more
than three weeks away, Gov. Thomas Dewey
has broken his stony silence only to say, "My
position on that (the Republican nomination)
Just what that position is, we are left to de-
duce for ourselves. A recent Gallup poll gave
Dewey 65 per cent of the Republican vote and.
predictions of newsmen give him enough dele-
gates already to -carry the convention. The
position .must look pretty good to New York's
We can also make some guesses as to Dewey's
position on foreign affairs. An investigation of
the governor's actions since his name was first
mentioned in connection with the GOP presi-
dential" nomination reveals several statements
on foreign policy.
At the Mackinac Conference last September,
Dewey expressed his favor of a post-war alliance
with Great Britain. He declared that making
treaties or entering a group of nations determined
on international action would not impair Ameri-
can sovereignty, as Bricker seems to fear.
In April Dewey, sensing the growing trend °of
opinion in favor of international cooperation,
indicated that he saw the necessity for some kind
of four-way agreement. He stated that we
should "organize in cooperation with other na-
tions a structure of peace backed by adequate
force to prevent future wars," and establish and
maintain conditions calculated to promote world-
wide economic stability.
Neither of these rather innocuous statements
could be so construed as to cause alienation of
the most nationalistic faction in the Republican
party, and New York's foxy governor rightly
considered that his scalp would be perfectly safe.
In the field of domestic affairs he has been
even more crafty in refusing to make any com-
mitments tt all.
We are still in the dark as to the silent
candidate's position on such allimportant
questions as the poll tax, price controls, reor-
gauization of. national administrative maclr-
inery, post-war policies toward labor, reconver-
sio of, industry, the tariff, jobs for returning
veterans. These and a score of other domestic
problems are the important issues of the com-
ing election because the general aims of our
foreign policy already have received united
support" Few question the necessity for inter-
national cooperation, but there are many who
wonder what is going to happen here at home.
The 65 per cent of Republicans who support
Dewey would have us believe that their boy knows
all the answers and just doesn't choose to say.
But we have a more than sneaking suspicion
that Tom Dewey, far from being the strong
silent hero, has no answers, no opinions, no plan
Three weeks remain until convention time
and apparently Dewey will continue to play his
little game. But people tire of such simple games
after too long a while. If Dewey should receive
the GOP nomination, and it seems likely, even
his 'supporters will demand more than a pan-
tomine. --Jennie Fitch
COMPANY D's "Rumor Has It" turned out to
offer a fairly wonderful evening at the Lydia
Mendelssohn. The performance had a spirit and
a freshness which many a big-time, tinseled and
mascaraed musical might envy.
Best of all, was the music. Whenever the
clean but lifeless book came along, lots of
people sat around with that intent Let's-catch-
up-on-the-plot expressiodn. But sooner or later
the music, under Pifc. Robert Coimmanday's
direction, took over, and everything was
Pfc. Ken Pierson and Pfc. Jim Rhind have
shown decided originality in their composition
for one thing. A beguine with plenty of zing and
a smooth waltz are the highlights. Never mind
the fact that the beguine doesn't have much of
a place in the show or the story, or that the
dance routine which accompanies it isn't too ex-
citing. The music's there, it's good, and so just
After Company C's ill-fated offering this year,
we were rather afraid about voices. Would ev-
erybody stand around waiting for a song cue as
if it were a streetcar? Would tune be something
to strive for constantly, and miss?
The answers are all no. Judy Chayes and Syl-
via Nykaznp were each as good as they were dif-
ferent in style. Lucille Genuit, besides being
mighty pleasant to watch, gave her songs plenty
of pep. And whenever Staff Sgt. Henry Schneide-
wind was in charge of a song, there wasn't much
doubt that the "song was going over.
There were little things wrong with the show,
of course. The timing was bad here and there
in the second act, and the audience had plenty
of tiie for conversation. Gags were given a
slightly too good going-over-fob example, that
"Dewey-nomination" line was perfect as it stood
without the other lines tacked on it. Several
people, like Pfc. Jerry McCroskey of the quartet,
were inclined to grin too much at their own Red
But these are unimportant. It was the spirit
of the performance which made the evening one
to remember. There have been loads of army
shows around here lately, on stage and screen,
but not too many of them have given us the
feeling that This is Good and This is Funny and
This is Really American. "Rumor Has It" gave
us that feeling quite often. The boys and girls
behind the show 'made us want to wave a flag a
lot more than any U.S. Government short ever
Everyone in charge deserves credit. We wish
wecould name them all, but then there's that
paper shortage. There's Pfc. Arty Fischer, the
director, and his assistant, Pfc. Robert Gendall,
who have been using all that precious army
commodity, free time. There are the rest of
the girls on campus who really helped Com-
pany D out. And we shouldn't forget even
the pitband (predominantly woodwind), which
was as good as several professional pitbands
Let it go that it was a very fine evening in
all. And that we are proud of Company D and
their "Rumor Has It." -William Kehoe
NEW YORK, June 1.- Our official
approach to France seems to be based
on the theory, or maybe on the hope,
that there is a group of Frenchmen
who have never been able to make
up their minds as between Petain and
de Gaulle. These are careful, slow-
moving chaps, low in passion, high in
inertia, who do not feel, even after
four years of French slavery, that all
the facts are yet in.
If any such idiots can be found,
the way to handle them after the
invasion is, obviously, to invite
them, or their representatives, into
the de Gaulle movement, to take
appropriate but humble place in it
to which their long hesitation en-
But we have long preferred to as-
sume a kind of either/or position in
regard to this hypothetical group:
either it must rule, or de Gaulle must
rule. Why need the two groups be
mutually exclusive? If any large body
of Frenchmen with no opinions can
be located, it can be given whatever
representation it deserves within the
de Gaulle movement. In every other
occupied country, we talk of unity, of
all-party governments, of broadly-
based cabinets. It is only when we
come to France that we display an
either /or feeling.
In the case of Greece, one man,
Papandreou, has been picked, virtu-
ally out of a hat, and assigned the
task of forming a government that
will represent all shades of Greek
opinion. No one pretends that Pa-
pandreou is beloved of every Geek;
no one claims that, if a full and free
election were held, Papandreou would
be chosen to head the government.
He is simply considered to be ade-
quate to the task of forming a unity
government; which is exactly the
task that ought to be entrusted to de
Gaulle for France, and certainly one
to which de Gaulle has 20 times the
claim of a Papandreou.
attitude for the unreasoning faith
of the Dark Ages. It would be a step
backward to re-introduce into the
schools ministers as teachers and
The Bible as a textbook.
FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1944 ,
VOL. LIV No. 150
All notices for The Daily Oficial ful-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To the Members of the Faoulty of
the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts: The June meeting of the
Faculty of the College of Literature,
Science and the Arts for the aca-
demic year 1943-44 will be hed on
Monday, June 5 1944, at 4:10 p.m. in
Rm. 1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various com-
mittees have been prepared in ad-
vance and are included with this call
to the meeting. They should ,be re-
tained in your files as part of the
minutes of the June meeting.
Edward H. Kraus
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of May 1, 1944 (pp. 1079-
1081) and of May 8, 1944 (pp. 1082-
1084), which were distributed . by
2. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted wtih this call to the meeting.
a. Executive Committee- Professor
J. E. Dunlap. b. Executive Board of
the Graduate School-Professor G.R.
LaRue. c. University Council-No
Report. d. Senate Advisory Commit-
tee-Professor C. D. Thorpe. e. Deans'
Conference-Dean E. H. Kraus.
3. Elections- (Nominating Com-
mittee: J. W. Eaton, C. B. Slawson,
H. M. Dorr, Chairman). A. Four
members of the University Council to
serve for three years to succeed Pro-
fessors J. L. Brummn, H. T. Price, L. L.
Watkins and H. H. Willard, whose
terms of office expire Oct. 1, 1944.
B. Two members of the Administra-
tive Board to serve for three years to
succeed Professors F. A. Firestone
and E. B. Ham. Professor Ham has
not served an entire three-year peri-
od as he was appointed- to succeed
Professor Arthur Smithies, absent on
leave since February, 1943. The lists
of nominees accompany this com-
munication and will serve as ballots.
Consult revised pages 1015-1017 of
the Faculty Minutes for lists of pres-
ent members of the University Coun-
cil, Administrative Board, and other
4. Credit for basic courses in the
A.S.T.P. curriculum (see enclosure).
5. Correspondence Study (consult
pages 1047:1057 and 1082-1084).
6. New Business.
W E HAVE long had the feeling that
because there may be some
anonymous group in French life that
is entitled to be heard, it is therefore
entitled to 'rule,
We had exactly that approach to
North Africa; we felt that because
conservative French army officers of
the Giraud type were entitled to a
voice in French affairs, they were
therefore entitled to manage French
affairs. But all such lesser groups
are entitled to just what they are
entitled to, and no more.
Because It would be an outrage to
cut their heads off, it does not fol-
low, with inexorable logic, that they
must be put in charge of the govern-
I do not know whether we are going
to find quite so many mindless won-
ders in France as we expect. But if
we do find a group of them, let them
select from among themselves (if they
can come to a decision, which seems
doubtful) one man to represent them
on de Gaulle's cabinet as the minis-
ter who speaks for Frenchmen with
If, on the other hand, these par-
ticular and perhaps imaginery
Frenchmen do not want to come
into a French unity movement, then
there is no need for us to give them
anything, even the time of day,
For, while we must be prepared to
make concessions to any decent,
even dumb, French group we come
upon, each such group must be pre-
pared to make concessions, too, or
else what does unity mean?
Under this approach, whatever few
remaining problems stand in the way
of our final accord with de Gaulle
must rapidly evaporate. De Gaulle
cannot give us a certification that
every Frenchman loves him. But he
should not be required to produce
any such absurd document. The
point is that a unity movement can
be organized around him, and that
it cannot be organized around any
other conceivable Frenchman. And
that's all that had to be demonstra-
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
held at 2:30 p.m., Junie 24, in Hill
Auditorium. Tickets will be ~eady
for distribution at the Information
Desk in the Business Office on and
after June 5. Candidates for degrees
who will march in the academic pro-
cession will need no tickets, but upon
presentation of identification cards
they may obtain tickets' for families
Notice to Men Students: All men
students living in approved rooming
houses who expect to move from their
present quarters at the end of this
term must give notice of intention to
move in writing to the Office of the
Dean of Students on or before noon,
June 3. Students terminating con-
tracts must vacate their rooms be-
fore 6 p.m., June 24 and rent shall
be computed to include this date.
Students may obtain forms for term-
inating contracts at Rm. 2, Univer-
Assistant Dean of Students
C. T. Olmsted
Doctor Examination for Sister Mary
Petronilla Francoeur, Latin; thesis:
"The Relationship in Thought arid
Language Between Lucius Annaeus
Seneca and Martin of Braga," Satur-
day, June 3, 2009 Angell Hall, at
9 a.m. Chairman, J. G. Winter.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and Ogvanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
University of Michigan Concert
Band, William D. Revelli, Conductor,
will present its annual spring con-
cert at 4:15, Sunday afternoon, June
4, in Hill Auditorium. The program
will include compositions by Weber,
Kern, Gould, Sousa, Wagner, Padilla,
Holst and Paganini, and will be open
to the general public.
Crayon Drawings: For a perfect
likeness of yourself, come to the USO
and have ar drawing made by Mrs.
John Bradfield. It's colored and it's
darn neat. Make an appointment for
any hour from 1 to 5 on Friday after-
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 4 p.m. in Rm. 319 West Medi-
cal lldg. "The Role of the Adrenal
Cortex in Metabolism" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Ann Arbor Library Club: Fourth
meeting, 1943-44, at 7:45 p.m. at the
William L. Clements Library. Talk on
Manuscripts by Mr. Howard I. Peck-
ham. Election of officers. Refresh-
n, t=.= i
WASHINGTON, June 1.-While dynamic, pop-
ular Eric Johnston, president of the U.S. Cham-
ber of Commerce, has been wowing them in- the
East, the folks back in his home state of Wash-
ington aren't too happy. Republicans in Wash-
ington State call Eric "ballot-shy."
Reason is that he won't come back. and runm
for the Senate seat of retiring Senator Homer
Bone, soon to be come a circuit judge. Repub-
licans think that the live-wire president of the
U.S. Chamber might help to lift up the entire
GOP ticket and give them a chance to win. But
he won't come..
They attribute this to the almost-forgotten
fact that Johnston did run for the Senate in the
Republican primaries in 1940 and was snowed
under. He was beaten by Republican Steve Chad-
wick, former American Legion commander, who
got 137,000 votes against Eric's 40,000. Then,
in the final election, Chadwick was beaten by
Democrat Mon Wallgren, now in the Senate.
Democratic candidate for Bone's place will
be go-getting young Representative Warren
Magnuson of Seattle, who ,will be hard to beat.
If Johnston should run against him and lose,
his national prestige might go down the drain,
Also, friends urge that he is doing an A-1 job
for the 'U.S. Chamber.
Suddenly, according to Sergeant A. A. Edge-
comb of New Orleans, the company came to a
bridge constructed a few hours before, by U.S.
engineers. On it was a freshly painted sign.
"Huey P. Long Bridge."
There were a lot of Louisiana boys in the com-
pany who knew of bridges Huey built all over
Louisiana during his reign as Kingfish. They
got a big laugh and felt better after that.
Capital Chaff. . .
The Democratic National Committee is con-
sidering a reply to the GOP campaign circular
which features a picture of Sewell Avery being
carried out of Montgomery Ward by soldiers, and
alongside it a picture of a Berlin push-cart ped-
dler being carried off by Storm Troopers . . .
The Democratic reply will be a picture of Sewell
Avery being carried off by soldiers, and along-
side it a picture of the defenseless Bonus Army
being run out of Washington at the point of
bayonets by Hoover and MacArthur.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
To the Editor:
Having been, for some time, a
reader of The Daily, and being duly
appreciative of its merits, I now take
the liberty of criticism. Namely, an
article entitled "D-Day Prayer" writ-
ten by Ray Dixon.
I would like to ask him if he has
ever stood, on Nov. 11, of other
years, for one moment of silence
and prayer. None of us need to be
reminded of the significance of
that date. But, MVr. Dixon states
that a moment of silence on D-Day
willbe "an unfortunate method of
focusing attention on a specific in-
stant that has the Hollywood
Surely dear Mr. Dixon can't have
escaped hearing the time worn re-
mark, "Americans don't know there
is a war on." What better way can
you suggest for the supreme impor-
tance of D-Day to be brought before
the people of our nation, than the
moment of silent reflection to be
designated according to the plan
worked out by the Office of Civilian
By Crockett Johnson
Those good reports are
making you look better.
The factory is doing better
WIT HOUT Pop, isn't it, Mom?
Ii DO-N 5OV
BaRrrnabv. 1 w