I'AOE r FOURJ
THE MICHIEIAN flAllY
SUJNDAY, MAY 28, 1944
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Ud Rather Be light
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications,
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
* , , Editorial Director
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* . . . . .Sports Editor
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. . ., Associate Sports Editor
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. . . Associate Women's Editor
,.Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the .views of the writers only.
NEW YORK, May 27. - Still on
the subject of the French under-
ground, let us take up our old excuse
for pot recognizing de Gaulle; I
mean the one that has whiskers on
it, the excuse that we do not really
know whether the French people are
But if there is a class of the un-
certain, the doubtful, the waverers,
in France, we encourage it to con-
tinue in that unprofitable mental
state by our own uncertain, doubt-
ful and wavering attitude toward
That group (if it exists) will tend
to mirror our own official attitudes.
If the word passes through a French
city that the allies are not really for
de Gaulle, the temptation becomes
strong on the part of the doubtful
to hold themselves, also, apart from
de Gaulle. Why should they join
a movement which has failed to win"
our smile, and thus put themselves
out of the running?
When the same town hears that
General Eisenhower is empowered
to deal with any Frenchmen who
strike him as suitable, the temp-
tation arises among Frenchmen to
form non-de Gaullist groups, in
the hope of dealing with Eisen-
hower. Thus there is no such
thing as a "nor-political" or "neu-
tral" approach to de Gaulle on the
part of the allied powers. To be
indifferent to his claim, to act or
speak in derogation of it, is to
to organize opposition to it.
De Gaulle represents a precious
thing in political warfare; a "center,"
a "pole," about which activity can
be organized. That is his greatest
value; it is a cherishable asset. It
is an asset we diminish by our policy
of promoting competition among
other prospective centers of French
We sweat praises of unity through
every pore in all our speeches, but
unity abhors a vacuum, unity must
accrete about something, it must
start at some point, with some man
And so must we. If we were to
say to de Gaulle that we insist he
admit into his movement all re-
sponsible and decent elements of
the French community, that would
be a different matter. We would
have a right to make such a de-
mand. That would be something
like unity; all possible elements, how-
ever diverse, grouped about a com-
But we want to do business with-
out the store. What we are pro-
moting is not unity, but competi-
tion. We are stirring the ambi-
tions of every slumbering fat-cat
and uncommitted heel in French
politics to come forward in the
hope that he, and not de Gaulle,
will receive our accolade.
(Let us, for a moment, think of
the Russians, whom, we bitterly
claim, have a vexatious habit of out-
smarting us in European politics.
The Russians are about to go into
the heart of Poland, as we are about
to go into France. They have, this
week, received in Moscow the emis-
saries of the National Council of
Poland, a union of many groups,
with a definite executive head. They
would not dream of going into Po-
land without a "center" about which
to organize. We are not only dream-
ing of that; we are boasting of it.)
These practical considerations
of political warfare dispose of the
myth that we have a "non-politi-
cal" approach to de Gaulle; that
we merely intend, in lofty impar-
tiality, at some later date, to count
French noses, and to see how many
of them veer toward de Gaulle.
Frenchmen were not born de
Gaullist or anti-de Gaullist. Their
views are shaped by. events, and
we are shaping the events.
If there is a body of neutral French
opinion, we are keeping it neutral
by keeping our distance from de
Gaulle. And if there is no such
body, there is no excuse for "waiting'
until later" and for not recognizing
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
United Fronts * * .
An object lesson in the close tie
between the home front and the war
Machine-tool firms had expected
to taper off production this year.
They talked of re-conversion, and
planned for it.
Then came the struggle 4'or Cas-
sino. This showed that aerial bomb-
ing had decided limitations, that
more artillery was needed for storm-
ing fortified Europe. Military plan-
ning was revolutionized, and produc-
tion at the same time took a new
turn. Now the WPB notifies the
machine-tool industry that it must
sustain or exceed its present produc-
Every civilian, whether war-plant
worker or plain citizen, should re-
member that war front and home
front are one.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
THREE major considerations en-
gage the thoughtful Christian as
he approaches D-Day. In the Cross
is the hint of a philosophy of his-
tory as well as a theory of leader-
ship. First, in voluntary sacrifice,
the guiltless one dies for the guilty.
In life he dies to correct the evil ini-
tiated by guilty persons. In hope
and faith, a mystical remedial is
added. Christians see in Jesus'
Passion, including His willingness to
die if need be, a revelation of the
meaning of social existence. God's
guarantee that good will survive in
spite of all evil is ,made certain in
the crucifixion. In a world struggle,
we see many innocent youth giving
their lives to halt specific evil which
they themselves did not cause nor
have any chance to halt.
The second consideration con-
fronting the human mind is that of
Kairos. This is a belief that there
is a right moment of time in which
eternity breaks into history and de-
mands a decisive step. Tillich, Nie-
buhr, Brunner, and other neo-ortho-
dox thinkers apply the theory as a
dialectic religious socialism or "Cri-
sis" theology. To them, certain min-
or sects have the truth. Those who
protest against the customary hu-
man forms, who refuse to rely on
human justice, who firmly repudiate
the ideas of human progress, as such,
and consistently count on God out-
side of history and beyond time to
scramble man-made error and es-
tablish a Godly epoch, are true to
A third consideration is the ten-
sion between status-quo-anti and
radical cultural realignment within
every country. The redemptive va-
lue here turns upon projected good
rather than upon requited evil. The
Malvern Conference of 1941 in Bri-
tain, committed its members to five
dramatic changes: (1) Natural re-
sources belonging to God ,for all
men, must be made available to all;
(2) The child is of God; hence, equal
opportunity must be provided for
all children; (3) Man's loar being
a Divine vocation, security against
unemployment must be guaranteed;
(4) The extremes of wealth, a test
of God's patience with man, must
be done away by clipping wealth
from one end of society by taxation
and clipping poverty from the other
end of society by redistribution and
social security; and (5) Finally, the
family, God's unique criterion of so-
cial control, must supersede profit,
power and all other rights. Such
changes constitute man's solitary
possible vindication of his'soul in
our epoch. So runs the cultural or
social theory of the Cross.
-Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education
Pearls of Great Price
Letters to Vets
STUDENTS and members of the faculty are
being urged to back the drive being spon-
sored by the Veterans of Foreign Wars to write
two letters over Memorial Day to men and wom-
en in uniform.
One of the letters should be addressed to a
person in the armed services on active duty and
the Qther to some wounded or hospitalized serv-
ice man or woman. These letters, which should
be dated on the holiday, are being written in an
effort to join citizens and veterans together in
order to take increased devotion to those who
have died and to those who still carry the brunt
Adolph Schneeberger who is, with the aid
of Local Post Graf O'Hara 423 of the Veterans
of Foreign Wars, directing the drive inz Ann
Arbor said, "We respecrfully suggest tha on
Memorial Day all citizens join with veterans
and honor those who have given their last
full measure of devotion,
"We, the veterans of foreign wars, can un-
derstand the yearning, the hunger for letters
that bridge the fox hole or the ship with home
and the real things of life."
With these thoughts in mind it is hoped that
everyone on the home front will take the time
to get into the mail the day before Memorial
Day the letters and remember that there are
men in other parts of the world who are fight-
ing to keep America safe for those they love.
APPARENTLY having nothing better to do,
certain Congressional elements now are agi-
tating for an investigation of President Roose-
velt's activities in the purported sending of a
few over-age American cruisers to our Russian
allies "without the consent of Congress".
If this action of sending the ships did take
place, it is probable that another long and
lengthy Congressional investigation of the
wartime powers of a chief executive is in order.
These investigations have in the past led to
nothing but a favorable opinion toward the
President from Attorney General Francis Bid-
dIe and, as in the Montgomery Ward case,
the matter is dropped like a hot potato.
Although there was undoubtedly need for
some inspection of the Ward deal, the sending
of antiquated warships to Russia is hardly a
matter worthy of even the least important mem-
bers of the House and Senate. No one would
deny that the Russians can put the ships to
good use as the Red Navy is not all that it could
be. It is only to. be regretted that Russia did
not have sufficient naval strength in the Black
Sea to prevent the evacuation of the German
armies of the Crimea a few weeks ago.
It sa happens that with the' surrender of
Italy, Roosevelt and Churchill made a deal
with Stalin whereby the Allies would transfep>
one-third of the captured Italian fleet, or its
equivalent, to Russia as part of the peace
terms. This all sounds very simple, but un-
fortunately such transactions have to be rati-
fied by the U. S. Congress before any action
can take place, and Congress has a way of
rendering even the most simple things into a
GOVERNOR KELLY has issued a proclama-
tion asking all citizens of Michigan to pray
en masse on the day the Allies begin their all-
important invasion of Europe. According to the
plan worked out with the Michigan Office of
Civilian Defense, whistles will blow for 90 sec-
onds to be followed by a moment of silence.
Traffic is expected to halt and factory workers,
office employes and store customers are asked
to cease activities and pray.
. This is an unfortunate method of focusing
attention on a specific instant that has the
D-Day will be of the greatest significance in
world history for it will mark the beginning of
the end of the war. But difficult days, months
and perhaps years of struggle will follow-each
one as important as the other.
REIL1IGIOUS faith will be of the utmost value
in helping the invaders and their loved ones
through the trying days ahead. However, it
should not be necessary to set aside a certain
minute on a certain day for people to lay down
their work, silently meditate and petition God
At the first sign that invasion is underway,
millions of mothers, relatives and friends of
servicemen in the European theatre will al-
most automatically pray for their loved one's
safety and success. Dramatizing the event
can, at best, only give an artificial and super-
ficial tinge to the solemnity of the occasion.
A Detroit minister recently summed up the
reaction of many people to the Governor's plan.
"With many of the finest and most enduring
values we are constantly tempted to be satisfied
with the superficial aspects. For example, there
is a plan afoot to open the churches for special
prayer the moment the invasion of Western Eur-
ope begins. Here again the attention is focused
upon a certain day or hour. It would be un-
fortunate indeed if such objectivity should di-
vert the minds of the people from the true
meaning of prayer which is perhaps the great-
est source of comfort and spiritual strength.
Have we not been praying all along, and shall
we not continue to pray after D-Day? There
may be weeks and months in this sanguinary
conflict when our boys will be sustained only
by the knowledge that we have not failed and
will not fail to remember them daily with af-
fectionate interest. The theatrical cannot add
anything to the importance and real function
wise-but nothing will come of it because of
the omniscience of Mr. Biddle, who has proved
himself a very handy man to have around. And
for once, his favorable opinion would be the cor-
rect one. Get out the law books, Francis!
WASHINGTON, May 27.-Not much has leak-
ed out about it, but the ticklish problem of meat
rationing has caused almost as much trouble
behind the scenes in the Administration as it
has to the housewife.
It almost prevented OPA Administrator Ches-
ter Bowles from going on the air last week, It
also culminated in a letter written to Bowles by
Food Administrator Marvin Jones, pointing out
that it was his, Jones', job to determine how
much food there was in the country, and
Bowles' job to ration it.
The argument has been friendly, but it illus-
trates how difficult it is for two good men
(Bowles and Jones are rated careful, conscien-
tious administrators) to decide exactly when
meat and canned vegetables should be rationed.
OPA boss Bowles believes that the country
can scrape through the .summer and perhaps
early fall without returning to rationing of meat
or most canned vegetables-if the weather is
good. But war food boss Jones is more cautious.,
He thinks maybe Bowles is too optimistic.
The showdown came when Bowles was sche-
duled to go on the air in his regular radio broad-
cast last week with an exlanation of why most
meat and canned-vegetabel rationing was aban-
doned and when he thought it might be resumed.
WFA Tries Censorship . . . e
When Bowles sent his speech over to the Of-
fice of War Information, Elmer Davis and the
War Food Administration clamped down a stiff
censorship. They didn't want Bowles to talk
about rationing at all The matter was then
referred to Economic Stabilizer Vinson, who f in-
ally passed the ticklish dispute on o ice
Byrnes at the White House.e.
Byrnes leaned toward war food boss Jones
and against Bowles' radio talk. However, Bowles
argued that it would look extremely funny to
the public if his scheduled broadcast on ration-
ing suddenly was called off. So, in the end,
Bowles virtually took the bull by the horns and
went on the air.
Next day, he receiv'ed a letter from Jones in
answer to one which he had sent Jones-telling
Bowles bluntly and firmly that he should stick
to rationing, not undertake crop estimates.
Jones said that his men were making a study
of crop conditions and would arnounce the out-
come shortly. He said that, except for predict-
ing the weather, he could soon tell how much
food the country would have on hand.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
Every mile our boys win means longer com-
munication lines. These ean greater expense,
more energy, more of everything from all of us.
Let's All Back the Attack: Buy More War
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Sunday, May 28, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 147
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
School of Education Faculty: The
May meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, May 29, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
'The General Library, all Collegiate
and Departmental Libraries, and all
Study Halls will be closed on Memor-
ial Day, Tuesday, May thirtieth.
All Students - Registration for
summer term and summer session:
Each student should plan to register
for himself according to the alpha-
betical schedules for June 29 and 30.
Registrations by proxy will not be
Registration Material: School of
Forestry and Conservation. Registra-
tion material should be called for
beginning June 1 at Room 2048 Na-
tural Science Building.
Registration Material: Colleges of
L. S. & A., Education, Music, Public'
Health. Students should call for
Summer Term and Summer Session
registration material at Room 4 Uni-
versity Hall beginning June 1. Please
see your adviser and secure all neces-
sary signatures before examinations
Registration Material: College of
'Architecture. Students should call
for Summer Term and Summer Ses-
sion registration material at Room
4 University Hall beginning June 1.
The College of Architecture will post
an announcement in the near future
giving time of conferences with your
classifier. Please wait for this no-
tice before seeing your classifier.
Admission to the School of Bus-
iness Administration: Application for
admission to this School beginning
with the Summer Term must be filed
not later than June 1. Information
and application blanks available in
Rm. 108, Tappan Hall.
La Sociedad Hispanica offers two
fifty dollar ($50.00) scholarships to
the National University of Mexico
Summer Session. Students interested
please apply at Rm. 302 Romance
Languages Building not later than
p. m. as
Undergraduate hours on
May 29, shall extend until
m. and on Tuesday until
m. Sunday will be 11:00
The Detroit Civil Service Commis-
sion announces daily examinations,
Monday through Saturday for posi-
tions in engineering, personnel and
other professional and management
fields.. You need not be a resident
of Detroit. Stop in at our office for
further details. 201 Mason Hall.
Bureau of Appointments.
Women students (except fresh-
men) may attend the Company D
show on Thursday, June 1, without
obtaining late permission from the
Dean's office personally. Those at-
tending must return to their -resi-
dence directly after the performance.
Freshmen may not attend on this
night as the performance is given
on a weekend night.
Master's Candidates in History:
The language examinations for Mas-
ter's Candidates in History will be
held on Friday, June 2, at 4 p.m. in
Rm. B, Haven Hall. Those intending
to take the examination should sign
up in the History Office, 119 H.H.,
during the week before the examina-
Doctoral Examination for William
Madison Boyd, Political Science; the-
Faculty Recital: Kathleen Rinck,
pianist, and Dorothy Ornest Feld-
man, soprano, will be heard in a
program of compositions by Schu-
bert, at 4:15 this afternoon in Lydia
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De-
sign: The exhibition of sketches and
water color paintings made in Eng-
land by Sgt. Grover D. Cole, instruc-
tor on leave in the College of Archi-
tecture and Design, will be continued
until June 1. Ground floor cases,
Architecture Building. Open daily
except Sunday 9 to 5. The public is
The Lutheran Student Association
will have its Little Ahram this Sun-
day. The group will leave from tlie
Parish Hall, 309 E. Washington ' t.,
immediately following the morning
worship services. Saginaw Forest has'
been chosen for the Ahram this year
because it is within walking distance.
Dinner and supper will be served and
the group will return in the late
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at 2:30 p. m. for a hike at the
club quarters in the Rackham Build-
ing, entrance northwest corner.
All graduate and professional stu-
dents and alumni are cordially in-
vited to attend.
The Society of Women Engineers
will hold a special meeting at 2:30
p. m. in the Michigan League.
Wesleyan Guild Meeting-We will
leave the church at 4 o'clock for an
outdoor meeting at "The Meadows."
Dr. E. W. Blakeman will speak on
"The Christian in the Post-War
World." Supper and fellowship fol-
lowing the meeting.
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon in the Fire-
place Room, Lane Hall, at four-
7" h P fzr, Oa3irhi - Thgi~r.#tnl
So, m'boy, to spare both General
Eisenhower and Admiral Nimitz
an arduous journey, / dispensed
...: riL nn~n r rmn t.
By Crockett Johnson
Mom, Mr. O'Malley, my
Fairy Godfather, got
the Army-Navy "E"...
I'm going downtown to shop.
Don't disturb your father. . ,