THE MICIH IGAN D AILY
SUNDAY, MAY 28, 1944
fy Nazi Army
LONDON, May 27,-()-In these
last days before the June full moon
Field Marshal Karl Von Rundstedt's
'rmy of the west has taken up its
final defensive position--from which
t'he Nazis admit they dare not budge
even to avert disaster in Italy-to
meet the shock of an approaching
invasion in which the Germans are
sying the whole course of the war
will be decided this summer,
The Germans, with a nervous eye
on the French channel coast and con-
tendiiig with the spectre of a heavy
assault by Soviet Russia from the
east, also have haunting fears that
the Allies intend to break into For-
tress Europe through Scandinavia.
This is reflected in the worst wave
of Nazi terror yet experienced in
Norway and Denmark, according to
reports from Stockholm. Thirty Nor-
wegian patriots have been executed
since May 1, and in Denmark 19 high
Danish officials and military men are
under arrest, charged with partici-
Future May Hinge'
On De Gaulle's Visit
LONLON, May 27--((P))-Hopes
for good relations after the war be-
tween France on the one hand and
the United States and Britain on the
other appeared today to hinge upon
the forthcoming visit of Gen. Charles
de Gaulle to London.
The present situation has con-
vinced many in London that it is vi-
tal to reach an accord soon with the
French Committee of National Lib-
eration, not only for getting along
with the French people after Ger-
many's capitulation, but for getting
their full cooperation in thy march
pating in a secret military organiza-
tion, the reports said.
Ready to spring, the Allies today
warned Europe's underground to keep.
off the roads when the invasion
armies fight their way into the con-
tinent from the west, to take cover
from bombardmient, to maintain dis-
cipline and to follow the orders of
their leaders implicitly. The warn-
ing was beamed to the continent
from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's
Y#iur Plae In the Sun
fay on Gabardine
Variety of colors
Sizes 12-18 $3.95;
Be June 19
MQve Ma Insure
More Soldler Votes
WASHINGTOT, May 27--(())--
Gov. Harry F. Kelly of Michigan,
after conferences with the state's
Congressional delegation and the
War Ballot Commission, tonight
called a special session of the Michi-
gan legislature at Lansing, Monday,
June 19, to consider authorizing use
of a federal ballot for servicemen in
the November election.
The Federal ballot-a uniform,
abbreviated ballot for Congress,
President and Vice-President-was
provided by Congress to be delivered
to fighting men at every outpost, to
-be used in the event the detailed,
bulkier state ballot fails to arrive
or cannot be used.
Governor Urges Bill
"The great rass of Michigan serv-
icemen will be able to use the state
ballot," the governor said in making
his announcement as he left for the
governors' conference at Hershey,
Pa. "rut as an added insurance
that all of our boys, no matter
where they are stationed, get an op-
portunity to vote, we feel the fed-
eral ballot should be authorized."
"Voti'rg of soldiers and sailors in
time of war is necessarily subject to
military and naval operations," he
commented. "Because of the vast
theatre of war-and type of opera-
tion-I aoif the ori'on that even
though evrything is done to trans-
port the state ballot, there will be
some who will not receive it and
should be given the right to vote the
supple ental federal ballot, as a fi-
Congressional Delegates Approve
"I held a meeting last night with
all of the Congressional delegation
from Michigan. They agree heartily
with my conclusions that a special
session of our legislature should be
called to authorize the general No-
vember election the use of the offi-
cial federal war ballot above re-
The governor said the session
should last "not more than three
hours." He made his annouicemen't
after consulting representatives for
getting the ballots to soldiers, sailors
and Merchant Marine. The commis-
sion comprises the secretaries of war
and navy and chairman of the mari-
State Ballots Offered
"I'm convinced that eerything
possible will be done to get these
state ballots to the troops," Kelly
said. The Michigan legislature, b-
fore adjourning in March, had set
up the machinery for absentee vot-
ing by servicemen with the state
ballot, the governor said.
"There is an unanimity of opinion
that the state ballot affording right
to vote for federal, state and county
offices (the same opportunity which
they would have to vote if home) is
infinitely preferable to the supple-
mental federal ballot which is con-
fined to president and congressional
At Sea by Gun Crew
WASHINGTON, May 27.-(JP)-The,
Navy reported today that Karl J.
Larsen, captain of the S. S. Thomas
J. Walsh, was shot to death April 19
in an exchange of shots with mem-
bers of the naval gun crew abroad
his merchant vessel.
The shooting occurred in a South
Pacific port under naval jurisdiction
where the Navy said it had become
necessary to confine Larsen to his
quarters aboard ship.
HOME TOWN ACCLAIMS ACE-A parade was one of the high spots
of "Gentile Day" as his home town folks at Piqua, O., honored Capt.
Don S. Gentile, top-ranking fighter pilot in the European theatre,
home on a month's leave. Riding between his parents, Capt. Gentile
waves to the crowd during the parade.
Average Doughboy Prefers
Blowing Dust to Col Mud
Balkaii Leade mr I~itu
Nazis, Chetiiiks with S
Editor's Note: Staff Sgt. Walter
Bernstein, American soldier - corres-
pondent for Yatik magazine, took a
"vacation" in Yugoslavia, slipping
into that country without the knjowi-
edge o1 illied intellige ce chiefs, ,nd
obtained thlufllow ing in terview w ith
Distributed by The Associated Press
PARTISAN hEA DQ UAIR TE RS,
SOMEWHERE IN YUGOSLAVIA --
Marshal Tito, Yugoslav army and
Partisan leader whom we had called
the "mystery man of the Balkans,"
is a man of high intelligence and
sensitivity, dedicated with his people
to the job of freeing his country and'
establishing a federal democratic Yu-
I can report this after walking from
the Adriatic coast deep into liberated
territory to Partisan headquarters
for the first interview with him.
Hike Was Long
To get here it was necessary to hike
day and night for what seemed like
months, most of the time over moun-
tain and part of the time through
German-occupied territory. My guide
led me by night to a house by a
mountain waterfall where Marshal
Tito and his staff members have theirl
headquarters heavily guarded by
tough young Partisans, tommyguns
over their shoulders and captured
German pistols in their belts.
The Marshal has one of the most
impressive faces I have ever seen.
It is Slavic, with high wide cheek
bones. It is a strong face, but not
hard. Looking at him and listening
to this man you could understand.
the miracle of organization that the
Partisans have created: formation of
the first complete army and now of'
a state with all its complements.
Marshal Spoke of America1
He talked of America. He has a
Marshal Tito Wants To Establish
A Federal Democratic Yugoslavia
ses Tareatent 6f
ol di er Corresp on deiit
feeling for the United States, char-
acteristic of many Yugoslavs with
their innate love for democracy. And
le talked proudly of the Yugoslav
army and said its maior problems are
phyrsical : food, tanks and anti-tank
guns. He spoke briefly about the
people, particularly of young girls in
the army marching day and night
over mountains and then going
straight into battle.
I asked about the treatment of
prisoners. He said that only recently
the Gerians had agreed to recognize
the Partisans as an army. Before
that they called them bandits and
executed all they caught. Now they
havebeen compelled by the size and
successes of the Partisans to treat
them as they do other Allied armies.
One of the main reasons for this that
the Partisans have been capturing
too many Germans.
Prisoners Are Exchanged
. Tito leaned forward and empha-
sized that there has never been an
order from Partisan headquarters to
kill prisoners, but it is a fact that
the men do not take many. Those
taken usually are held for exchange.
phis just goes for the Germans.
- - -; - - - _
. . ,
Thoe xas jstarundth crne oe ikey!o ak
us al fel pettydow andout.Butyou'l fel lkes
new ersn inoneof or lvel coton resss. he:
loel haeswllmaeyo fe hppe-ad hy r
oh o oo! efat hehuidtyandble-oos il
By KENNETH L. DIXON
Associated Press Correspondent
ON THE ITALIAN FRONT, May
18 (delayed) .-The guy who invented
that term "Dirtbound Doughboy"
should win some sort of award for
apt phraseology. It may be over-
worked but it's absolutely correct.
Last winter it was dirt in the form
of mud; now it's dirt in the form
Between these two the average
doughboy still prefers the dust,
even though he may change his
mind before the storm ends, be-
cause never in his life has he been
so endlessly miserable as while he
was fighting, eating, sleeping and
living in the cold mud throughout
There was no escaping it. It cov-
ered bodies, clothes, hair and even
oozed into bedrolls at night. It
caked and stiffened your skin. It
brought trenchfoot end a half dozen
attendant exposure ailments.
Now they literally live in the dust.
It billows in huge cloudy waves along
the front, its snakelike streamers
marking traffic on the load for the
guns and planes of both sides.
Many have gogges, of all sorts
and the old sun glasses, the rubber-
thick eye protectors which grip the
skin of the face. Then, when they
remove them, their eyes lock like
those of fish staring through an
Scarves serve a multitude of pur-
poses. Some are worn over the lbw-
er half of the face as mouth and
nose protectors. Others are wrapped
tightly around the head, except
where headgear regulations are
strictly enforced, to keep the dust
from making a stiff muddy mass
out of the hair.sStill othersmare
worn around the neck in recognized
cowboy style to keep shirt collars
from becoming blackened in minutes.
Like the mud, the uust is inescap-
able. It fills the tents in bivouac
areas, anywhere there is traffic
either on wheels or on foot. Even a
brief rain only settles it a short
time, for the Italian sun and soil
seem to have a fulltime agreement
to set a new record each time for
turning dirt into dust.
It grinds into your clothes, it gets
into your bedroll and grits against
your body in the night. It moves
in under your tent and through your
mosquito netting. It gets in your
eyebrows, your nostrils, your ears,
even seeps into your combat boots
and gets between your toes.
If you're a newspaperman it gets
in your typewriter and dries and
grits the oil until all the keys stick
and the carriage refuses to move.
It blocks the shift key until you're
forced to write without capitals.
In short, the dust is a blankety
blank blank blank nuisance, but it's
still better than that blankety blank
blank blank mud!
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STOCKHOLM, May 2.- (p)-
German Propaganda Minister Paul
Joseph Goebbels, writing in the Nazi
newspaper Volkischer Beobachter,
declared today that Allied airmen
bailing out over Germany no longer
would have Nazi ponce and military 2 G Er
protection against (Jerman civilians.
Aftonbladet's Berlin correspondent R - R.:-$
wrote that Goebbels' article could be .No; /ea "
interpreted as meaning that ,Ameri- ts
can airmen who save themselves by * ,ATERe&RerLvedN.
parachute can consider themselves at * ,NLEfog tE, gE
the mercy of the people who find 00eoib
them, under the old rule, 'Eye for st e
eye and tooth for tooth.'" * P FESs -AK: RD , are d
"It doesn't seem possible for us AL _IN - o
any more to interpose German police
and the military against the German
people when they are treating child o EDD
killers as they deserve," Goebbels'
article said. ? _ M '
from 1 P.M.
They've taken the ceilng off LAUGHTER!
screen scream! :EE R
. < . a g ain -a t
'xoNALD Wf a 1 l y ' $ h
DOROTHY Marge in the
MORRIS year's timeli-
f 4 *1* Est riot of ra-
t I rdg and
1 V U..47 ' tti'o m ,. 'xce! G
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