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May 28, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-28

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VOL. LIV No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 28, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yanks

Jump

200

Miles

to

Invade

Biak

Island

Wolverines

Win

Seventh

Track

Title in Decade

v

K')

Hume Boys
Blaze Trail

Miehigan

Amasses

70 Points in Meet
By The Associated Press
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., May 27.-Mich-'
igan's well balanced track team,
led by the Hume twins, Bob and
Ross, won its seventh Western Con-
ference outdoor championship in the
last decade, compiling 70 points to
Illinois' 58 1/10. Purdue was third
with 31.
Finshing fourth behind Purdue in
the team totals were Ohio State with
17 1/10 points, followed by North-
western with 14 17/20; Minnesota,
7%; Indiana 4, Wisconsin 334, Iowa
3 and Chicago 17/20.
Bob and Ross Hume made a fam-
ily affair of the mile run by inter-
locking their arms at the finish to
break the tape in a dead heat at a
slow 4:25.4 - putting on the same
show as they did to win the indoor
title. Bob ran a total of 31/2 miles
during the day, finishing second in
the 880 and third in the two-mile to
grab 11/2 points to become runner-
up to Young and his 15 points for
individual honors.
Ross, by capturing the two-mile
crown, contributed a total of 9%
points.
Michigan cleaned up 14 points
alone in the one-mile event as the

T rack, Golf Teams
Win Big Ten Titles
Michigan sport teams captured
their fifth and sixth Big Ten titles
yesterday, as well as moving part
way toward two more.
At Champaign, the thinclads
used their strong team balance to
defeat Illinois and successfully de-
fend their Western Conference
title. The score was 70 to Illinois'
59 1/10.
At Chicago, the golfers climaxed
their season by winning the Big
Ten title by 27 strokes over Pur-
due, while Johnny Jenswold took
individual honors.
Also at Chicago, the tennis team
is losing to Ohio State 13-11, going
into the finals of the champion-
ship matches.
The baseball nine went to
Bloomington and was victorious in
a twin bill, 14-3 and 12-1.
Daily sports writers and special
reporters give you a complete cov-
erage of these events on today's
sports pages. See pages 6 and 7.
twins tied for first and John Purdue
and Richard Barnard took third and
fourth.
Claude "Buddy" Young of Illinois,
trying for his fourth victory of the
day-a feat which would have equal-
ed Jesse Owens' Western Conference
sweep in 1935-tripped over the list
barrier in the 220-yard low hurdles
race today and fell on a water-filled
track to miss his goal in the meet.
See THINCLADS, p. 6

Co . Rogers Will Take Four Month
eave Prior to Fall Retirement
Post Commandant of the 3651st S.U.
To Relinquish Military Duties Wednesday

6,000 Planes
Blast Europe
PreInvasion Aerial
Offensive Continues
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 27-Pounding Hit-
ler's transport system with one of
the greatest coordinated blows ever
struck from bases in Britain and
Italy, nearly 6,000 Allied bombers
and fighters attacked Fortress Eur-
ope in wave after wave today to car-
ry the pre-invasion aerial offensive
through its ninth consecutive day.
At lest 12 important railroad
junctions, five airfields, two aircraft
repair factories and several railroad
bridges were among the targets
blasted by well over 6,00 tons of ex-
ploding steel,
U. S. Loses 35 Planes
Some of the attackers encountered
fighter opposition while others made
their raids unmolested, the U. S.
Eighth Air Force said in announcing
that 28 bombers and seven fighters
were missing.
At least 49 Nazi Jlanes were shot
down in the main attacks by the
fleet flying from Britain, bomber
gunners claiming 13 and escorting
fighters getting 36.
Between 750 and 1,000 Liberators
and Fortresses from Britain pounded
German rail centers at Mannheim,
Ludwigshafen, Saarbrucken and
Karlsruhe, the Rhineland industrial
city 150 miles north of Munich.
They lumped some 2,50 tons of
explosives on the Ludwigshafen rail
yards, at yards in southwest Ger-
many and on aircraft engine repair
plants in the French cities of Metz
and Strasbourg.
Atlantic Wall Bombed
While these heavy bomber arma-
das closed in on the enemy from two
sides, the Allied Expeditionary Air
Force sen hundreds of lighter craft
against Hitler's westwall defenses
from British bases.
The Italy-based bombers, with
Lightning escore, smashed two rail-
yards at Marseille, enemy airdromes
at Salon, 20 miles northwest, and
Montpellier-Frejorgues, 15 miles
southwest of Nimes, where JU-88
are based; the Nimes railyards, 30
miles inland in the Rhone valley;
and the Avignon yards, 40 miles from
the Rhone's mouth. A few enemy
interceptors were met, near imes,
but the other bombers were bothered
only by moderate flak.
WMC To® Speed
Up R ecritmret
WASHINGTON, May 27-())-
A new War Manpower Commission
program intended to step up recruit-
ment of workers for priority projects
on a national basis has been pre-
pared and probably wil be announced
within the next ten days.
Its principal features, which man-
power officials hope will double the
number of recruits for jobs wherever
they exist, are understood to be:
1, Extension to the entire country
and all male workers of the commis-
sion's priority referral plan of re-
cruiting workers through the U. S.
Employment Service. The plan is in
effect now in only about a dozen
areas.
2. Establshment of manpower
priority committees in all the 180
group one and two labor shortage
areas. They exist at present in only
about 35 of the areas.
3. Extension of the employment
ceilings program to all gr'oup one
and two areas. Only about 25 areas
are now participating.

'Thomas Warns UA WAgainst Strikes

Drivers' Union
Def ies Orde r
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, May 27.- Labor dis-
putes in Detroit brought volun-
tary bread rationing for many fam-
ilies today and a union leader's
sternly-worded warning to war plant
strikers of possible consequences of
"public opinion."
"Public opinion," said President R.
J. Thomas of the big CIO's United
Auto Workers Union, "has become
inflamed against our union."
The UAW-CIO chief, who heads
one of the nation's most powerful
labor unions, made the remark in an
extraordinary statement to the gen-
eral membership in connection with
a second walkout at 'the Highland
Park war plant of Chrysler Corp.
The Auto Workers Union, Thomas
warned, "cannot survive if the na-
tion and our soldiers believe that
we are obstructing the war effort."
Dwindling bread supplies on the
shelves of merchants meanwhile
forces many to ration their sales as
a result, of the three-day strike of
1,000 bakery drivers. Other mer-
chants' shelves were bare of bread.
The War Labor Board at Wash-
ington today directed the strikers,
members of bakery drivers local 51
of the AFL teamsters union, to re-'
turn to their jobs immediately. WLB
said no action would be taken on a
wage adjustment request until de-
liveries were resumed.
Samuel Hurst, president of Local
51, said he and other AFL officials
had been unable to persuade the
strikers to end their walkout. They
demand increased base pay and com-
mission rates.
President Thomas appealed to CIO
members to obey our constitution and
the no-strike pledges made at our
conventions."
P'roduction of
Munitions Lags
Behind in Ap ril
WASHINGTON, May 27.- (P)-
Munitions production in April drop-
ped 3 per cent behind schedule and
2 per cent under March.
The War Production Board, report-
ing this today, described the slump
as "a definite lag behind the rising
schedule which was planned from
March until November," and not a
continuation of the planned decline
in January and February.
Chairman Donald M. Nelson re-
vealed for the first tie that the pro-
duction goal for 1944 has been cut to
"somewhat less than $69,000,000,-
000" from the original objective of
$82,000,000,000.
Brightest aspect of the report was
Nelson's announcement that most of
the "must" items were well abreast of
schedule. These include landing
craft, heavy artillery ammunition,
airborne signal equipment, heavy
trucks, tractors and the urgent air-
craft models.
April's aircraft record of 8,343 war
planes delivered was 4 per cent be-
hind schedule in numbers and 5 per
cent below March in weight. Nelson
said the output was "the first month-
to-month decline since January, 1943,
and also the first time this year that
planes missed schedule."
In the major arms categories, Nel-
son reported the following record for
April, in relation to March output:
Aircraft-Down 7 per cent, 4 per
rent behind schedule.
Ships-No change, 2 per cent below
schedule.

CELI5BRATES CAPTURE OF CASSINO-British Eighth Army veterans
in smashed Cassino dance to a tune by a Tommy (right) with a har-
monica in celebration of the capture of the long-besieged, rubble-
strewn city. This is an official British photo.
ENTER ARTENA:
.Allies Near Casilina Highwray;
S M N E ee
S hell Main Nazi Esea eaRute

,0

4>.

After 35 years of military service,1
Col. Frederick C. Rogers, Command-
ant of the 3651st S. U. will relinquisht
his military duties Wednesday whent
he wil start a four months leave, it'
was anonunced yesterday by army-
headquarters.
Retirement Will Come at 60
Col. Rogers is retiring from the
Army in September when he will
have reached the age of 60. He was
head of the University ROTC unit
from 1933 to 1937, and returned to
Ann Arbor in May, 1943 to take over
his present duties as post command-
ant.
During the last world war as a
major in the infantry, he command-
ed a machine gun training center at
Fort Hancock, Ga. was assistant
adjutant general of the Eastern De-
partment, N. Y., then assistantto
the port commander at Antwerp,
Belgium and finally was raised to
the position of supply officer of all
American forces in Germany.
Father Was Colonel
His father, an old national guard
officer, was also . a colonel in' the
Army.
Col. Rogers retired from the Army
in March 1939, at the end of 30 years
service, one year after he was pro-
moted to the rank of colonel. He
was recalled three years ago and
served as commanding officer at
Fort Sheridan, Ill., for two years be-
fore coming to Ann Arbor.
Col. Ro'gers took part in the Mexi-
can Punitive Expedition- at which.
time he was a second lieutenant in
Roosevelt Holds
96 Delegates
90 , 1 t
For Convenion
By The Associated Press
Connecticut and Utah Democrats
joined 'the parade .of fourth term
supporters yesterday to elevate
President Roosevelt's convention
delegate strength to a record-break-
ing total of 906 as North Carolina
party members chose nominees for
senator, governor and other officials.
The Connecticut Democratic con-
ventions closed with the adoption
of resolutions favoring a fourth term
and with instructions to the state's
delegation to cast its 18 votes for
the President's renomination.

the rear ranks. He also spent sev-
eral years in Alaska. Included among
the states in which he has been sta-
tioned are New York, Arkansas,
Texas, South Carolina, Nebraska,

ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NAPLES, May 27.-(/P)- Americanl
armored forces fought their way into
the town of Artena, only 21/Z miles
from the strategic Casilina Highway,
and tonight began pouring a heavy
shellfire into this main escape route
for eight German divisions compris-
ing the bulk of the Nazi forces below
Rome.
Velletri Threatened
While American tanks and field
guns kept the enemy retreat line
under fire, other American Fifth
Army forces in their closest drive
toward Rome threatened the town
of Velletri, 18 miles from the out-
skirts of the capital. Velletri already
was shrouded in smoke from blazing
fires.
The Germans, apparently alarmed
over the plight of their large forces to
the southeast, threw reserves into
the fight to keep the Americans from
blocking the all-important Via Casil-
ina-Highway Six-Associated Press
Correspondent Daniel De Luce wrote
from the front tonight.
Fierce Battle Waged
In the town of Artena American
doughboys were waging a house-to-
house battle with the Germans, De-
Luce reported. Artena> itself an im-
portant road junction behind the
retreating Nazi Tenth Army, was
reached after a spectacular drive of
nine miles in one day.
The Allied armies advanced stead=
ily along the entire 80-mile active
front today.
American Fifth Army forces forg-
ing a ring around the Pontine Marsh-*
es stormed through the mountain
town of Sezze> which has a popula-
tion of 20000and is the largest town
yet taken in the Allied offensive, de-
veloping a second threat to the main
German forces.
New Line Encountered
Capture of Sezze brought theI
Americans squarely up against a new
defense line which two German divi-
sions have tried to establish in the
Lepini Hills northeast of the marshes
to protect the flank of the German
troops in the Liri Valley and their

principal route of retreat along the
Via Casilina toward Rome..
The Germans, apparently growing
desperate about the plight of their
forces at the center of the front near
the junction of the American Fifth
and British Eighth Army sectors,
began withdrawing them as best they
could, meanwhile throwing powerful
reinforcements into action to bolster
the principal points protecting the
escape route.
Up OSMWar'
Plans in London
WASHINGTON, May 27. -(I') -
President Roosevelt's expressed desire
to get a closer look at the war, coupled
with a possibility that United Na-
tions leaders might start joint con-
versations-soon on a post-war security
organization, was believed tonight to
underlie his casual remark that he
expects to see Prime Minister Chur-
chill soon.
There are several factors that
might impel the President to make a
trip abroad in the not too distant
future. Assuming that the battle
for Europe will get under way some-
time this spring or summer, many
informed persons familiar with the
President's deep preoccupation with
military affairs, especially at this
critical stage, believe he would like to
get nearer to the scene of action.
Another factor, although one that
is viewed here as of secondary con-
sideration, is the forthcoming visit
to London of Gen. Charles De Gaulle,
the French leader, for conferences
with Churchill.
Beyond these is another consider-
ation which diplomats regard as of
growing importance. That is the pos-
sibility of starting work jointly among
the leading United Nations on crea-
tion of a post-war set-up.

Firm H old
Is Gained
By Troop s
Bases for Future
Adva lie Secured
By The Associated Press
American infantrymen fought their
way ashore on Biak island in the
Schouten group yesterday in another
200 mile leapfrog advance toward the
western tip of New Guinea, estab-
lished a firm beachhead and began
driving toward three Japanese air-
dromes.
"For strategic purposes this marks
the end of the New Guinea cam-
paign," Gen. Douglas MacArthur said
in announcing the action today. "We
have now secured bases of depart-
ure for an advance to the vital areas
of the Philippines 900 miles away, and
the Netherlands East Indies."
Artillery Duel Fought
American and Australian cruisers
and destroyers engaged in an artillery
duel with shore guns before infantry-
men landed in the face of Japanese
mortar and automatic weapon fire.
Some of the Allied naval craft were
damaged in the exchange between the
big guns, but infantry losses were
reported light.
From their beachhead a seven mile
fight faced the landing forces before
they could reach the nearest of Biak's
three'airdromes, the center of an en-
emy's aerial hornets nest.
From Biak's airdromes MacArth-
ur's bombers would be within easy
bombing range of the Philippines, 900
miles to the northwest.
Equipment Captured
Two hundred miles back of the
latest invasion, sharp fighting was
reported around the Maffin airdrome,
U.S. Sixth Army troops captured
quantities of equipment. They count-
ed 225 dead Japanese around the
edges of the field.
Japanese war lords have launched
a new offensive in central China.
The new series of attacks was re-
ported yesterday by Chungking,
Fighting broke out in three sectors
of southern Hupeh Province below
Tsunkyang, lying between two rail-
roads extending south from Hanjow.
Both are coveted by the Japanese as
interior supply lines to relieve their
dwindling cargo fleets.
Major Offensive Seen
It's possible this is the beginning
of a major offensive to sweep down
the rail lines to the Japanese-held
port of Canton. Chinese have pre-
dicted such a campaign would be the
sequel to the recent Nipponese con-
quest of the trackless railways north
of Hankow in Honan Province. Chi-
nese troops have recaptured part of
the northern line.
Blood Bank Ups
Quota for June
Three hundred civilian men are
needed June 8 and 9 to fill the largest
quota the blood bank has ever had it
was announced yesterday by Bill
Wood, who is in charge of the organ-
ization.
Only 120 civilians have tyirned out
in the past, the Army and Navy hav-
ing contributed the most. Wood said
that it is hoped that every man on
campus will do the most he can to
make this the most successful drive
that has been sponsored.

Rober~t wens, a cooperative house,
had been the only house on campus
Iwhich has turned out 100 per cent.
Registration for the drive will take
place Monday in University Hall, at
the Engine Arch and from 3 to 5 p.m.
in the Student Office of the Union.
'U' Band To Present
It Spring Concert
The University Concert Band, un-
der the direction of Prof Wtilliam .
Revelli, will present its 31st annual

COL. FREDERICK C. ROGERS
l.E . .will retire
California. Georgia, Kansas, Illinois,
Maryland and Michigan.
Born in Wisconsin Sept. 16, 1884,
Col. Rogers attended prep school in
Beloit, Wis., and was graduated
from the University of Minnesota.
tie was appointed to West Point and
was commissioned a second lieuten-
ant in 1908. He received his first
lieutenant's commission in 1916 and
was made a captain in 1917.
All army personnel in the 3651st
S. U. will honor Col. Rogers at a
parade at 5:30 p. m. Wednesday at
Ferry Field. His successor as com-
mandant of this unit has not yet
been announced.

CAPTAIN WAS FORMERLY WITH BRITISH ARM Y:
British Hinder Progress, Block Indian Freedom, Says l uehl

"The British have no intention of
ever giving the Indian people their
independence," Capt. John Muehl,
who returned to this countryMon-
day after spending -ten months in
India, said in an interview yester-
day.
Ca~pt. Mu ehl is a former Univer-

that would have entailed relinquish- a wedge
ing his citizenship and taking an between
oath of alligance to the British gov- icans," l
emnent. Acco'
"While I was in India, I observed British
how the British were putting every medan
possible stumbling block in the way posed 1
of progress for the Indians," Capt. The M
,..__,_ _..:a ... a h

in the growing friendship
the Indians and the Amer-
he said.
rding to Capt. Muehl the
are supporting the Moham-
s because this group is op-
to freedom for the Indians.
nhammedans have this atti-
aa-c tP ma r am]Inarity

of old Indian culture are still pre-
served. The people are born philo-
sophers. They willingly sacrifice
their lives for the things they be-
lieve in," he stated.
Capt. Muehl stated that the In-
dians are ignorant because they have
never had any training, but that
thev still have their culture. their

ing anarchy," he continued.
He stated that the Communist
party is about the only party that is
really doing anything to help the In-
dians advance. The Communists
claim that the Indians have three
major problems which are the same
as those which the Russians had to
face,

mg anarchy," he continued.

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