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Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan tnder the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
lT . , ,
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie H a -
Elizabeth A. Carp
* . . Managing Editor
S . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . Women's Editor
. . . Associate Women's Editor
in . . Associate Women's Editor
enter . . . . Business Manager
. . -Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. Ali rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved,
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: MONROE FINK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
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'Hope Don't Get Burnt'
IN GREAT BRITAIN the three major parties
are conveniently labeled for the prospective
voter: Conservative, Liberal and Labour. While
no Britisher can assume per se that the party
names always mean what they say, at least in
general the Conservative party is conservative,
the Liberal party, liberal, and the Labour party
a£ party of the working class.
In the United States no such great principle
exists. We are a democratic republic, and the
names Republican and Democrat refer to noth-
ing else but this. So the bewildered American
voter has no simple principle to follow when
casting his ballot.
Consequently in our country there have de-
veloped mixed parties, parties composed of both
reactionaries and progressives. Today under the
leadership of President Roosevelt, the Democrat
party on the whole is the party of progress. But
this is not infallible. Within the Democrat
party there exists a bloc of southern reaction-
aries, who have repudiated by their actions the
progressive leadership of the President.
The coming national convention of the Dem-
ocrat party wil ibe participated in by members
of both factions. And a battle royal seems to
be brewing. Senator Maybank of South Caro-
lina has declared that Southern Democrats are
prepared to carry their battle for "white su-
prenmacy" to the party's national convention,
saying that "anything can happen" if they
lose. He said the Southern Democrats would
resist seating of competing Negro delegations
from their states, would oppose adoption of
platform planks favoring passage by Congress
of anti-poll tax and anti-lynching legislation.
President Roosevelt has shown the way with
his fight for internationalism and domestic re-
form. True democrats, whether members of the
Democrat party or not, cannot permit the reac-
tionaries of the party to swing from his leader-
s h.hip-Kathie Sharfman
t . * x
-a ' "v
By DREW PEARSONI
WASHINGTON, May 24.-Forty years have
elapsed between the big-business battles of Teddy
Roosevelt and Cousin FDR, but one issue which
plagued the former is also plaguing the latter
and is now before Congress. It is the question
whether Government irrigation, Government
water and Government reclamation shall benefit
the big landowner or the small.
The issue is now one of the hottest fights
both in California and in Congress, where Sec-
retary of the Interior Ickes has been called
to testify on a rider which Congressmen El-
liott and Carter of California have skilfully
smuggled into the rivers and harbors bill-a
rider permitting big landowners in California's
central valley to benefit from Government low-
The question in Teddy Roosevelt's day was
whether any farmer holding more than 160 acres
should benefit from Government irrigation. The
issue arose when the land kings of the Far West
wanted to develop their ranches and speculative
holdings through irrigation at Government ex-
The West was for it, but the East objected.
Eastern States claimed they would be footing
the tax bill and that Western irrigation would
come out of their pockets. The West replied that
the irrigation projects of that day would pro-
vide benefits for small Eastern farmers who mi-
grated westward tomorrow.
After a terrific battle, Teddy Roosevelt won
out. Congress ruled that Government-irrigated
land tracts must be limited to 160 acres.
That law still stands. But Republican Con-
gressman Carter of Oakland, Calif., and Demo-
cratic Congressman Elliott of Tulare, Calif., have
ganged up to change it with a rider exempting
the central valley irrigation project.
Their amendment, already passed by the House,
would mean that big ranchers in the central val-
ley could benefit from the new irrigation project
no matter how extensive their holdings. Even
more important, it would mean that a lot of new
land, not extensively cultivated at present, would
be subjeced to cut-throat speculation.
Ickes for Small Farms.. .
Secretary of the Interior Ickes, who has su-
pervised the expenditure of $150,000,000 on
central valley irrigation, is determined that the
benefits shall not go to land speculators and big
ranchers, plus some of the big liquor companies
which have bought up California wineries.
Also, the Interior Department proposes to open
some of the land to the use of veterans after
the war, and has found that 160 acres is the ideal
size for one-family cultivation.
The issue, according to Secretary Ickes, is
whether the U.S.A. is going to become a nation
of large landowners hiring Okies and tenant
j farmers, or whether the nation will feature me-
dium-sized farmers operating their own land.
Kelum's Love Love Letters. . .
Members of the Senate Post Office Committee
have been debating whether they should call
this columnist as a witness when they investigate
the Vivien Kellems love letters to an alleged
Senator Kenneth (No-Mountaineer) M Kellar
is determined to call me and make me tell where
I got the contents of the Kellems letters. The
gentleman from Tennessee, who recently spent
45 minutes haranguing his Senatorial colleagues
about the evils of the Washington Merry-Go-
Round, wants me called as the first witness.
Senator Clyde Reed, Republican of Kansas,
disagrees. "You'll only make a martyr of Pear-
son," Reed argued in private talks with his col-
Senator Homer Ferguson, Republican of
Michigan, agrees with Reed. They want to
call chief censor Byron Price as the main wit-
ness, would even prefer that McKellar did not
serve on the investigating sub-committee.
However, since McKellar is chairman of the
full committee, he has the power to appoint
himself chairman of the sub-committee and
he insists on doing so.
This columnist will be delighted to appear.
Russians have some mysterious hold, denied to
us. But every business man has heard failures
in competition explained away in those terms
(Copyright. 1944, New Yctrk P st Svndicate)
..../o ,Ce hen Q
To the Editor:
Strictly speaking this is not an
editorial as no opinion is expounded.
Rather, it is a plea on behalf of my-
self and, I trust, also on behalf of the
great majority of the student and
faculty, to a limited group of bucking
broncos who insist on endangering
the health of brother students and
venerable sages who instruct them
by tearing through the diagonal
pathways on the way to new bicycle
I personally fing it difficult enough
to keep my eyes open on the way to
eight o'clock classes three times a
week and being forced to dodge on-
rushing bicycles while staggering to
school find me in a terribly nervous
state by the time I reach Haven Hall.
Furthermore, my glasses are broken
so let us, at least temporarily, cease
You, with the New York habit,
please slow down a bit, enjoy life
atop a bicycle by taking an occa-
sional gander at the vernal and ar-
chitectural (not to mention fellow
students of the opposite sex) lheauty
of our campus. -Sam Goodman
THURSDAY, MAY 25, 1944
VOL. LIV N. 144
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
School of Education Faculty: The
May meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, May 29, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
Students and Faculty, College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts:
The attention of students and fac-
ulty is called to the following regula-
tions of the College:
1. Students are in no case examined
at any other time than that set for
the examination of the class in which
the work has been done. In case of
unavoidable conflicts a special ex-
amination during examination week
may be arranged for a class by the
instructor, with the consent of the
Examination Schedule Committee.
2. It should benoted that a report
of X (Absent from Examination)
does not guarantee a make-up exam-
ination. An instructor must, in fair-
ness to those who take the final
examination at the time announced
for it, give make-up examinaions
only to students who have a legiti-
mate reason for absence.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary Schol,
on Thursday or Friday, May 25 or 26,
to take the Teacher's Oath. This is
a requirement for the certificate.
Senior Engineers: Mr. M. H. Camp-
bell of The Standard Oil Company of
Cleveland, O., will interview out-
standing seniors for employment with
that organization. They are inter-
ested in those whose averages are in
the upper third of the class, 4F's or
post-war prospects. Interviews in
Rm. 218 West Engineering Building,
8:30 to 10 a.m. today. Please sign the
interview schedule posted on the
bulletin board at Rm. 221, West En-
La Sociedad Hispanica offers two
fifty dollar ($50.00) scholarships to
the National University of Mexico
Summer Session. Students interested
please apply at Rm. 302 Romance
Languages Building not later than
M is Marian Sheahan, Director of
Public Health Nursing, New York
State Depa4tment of Health, and
Chairman of the National Nursing
Committee on Post-War Planning,
will address the students of the
School of Public Health and guests
in the Auditorium, School of Public
Health at 2 o'clock today. Miss
Sheahan will speak on "Post-War
Planning for Public Health Nursing."
All interested are invited.
A cademic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Albert A.
Grau, Mathematics; thesis: "Ternary
(Ciam pus Bikers ...
E ARLIER, Wendell Willkie reported
in One World that the prestige of
the United States was on the decline.
People throughout the world are los-
ing faith in American democracy. It
is becoming increasingly clear to
them-and to many Americans-thatI
political equality is not enough. True!
democracy is three-sided; but Amer-
ica has not yet sufficiently developed.
its economic and social sides. This
unbalance is not just a theoretical
notion; it is becoming more and more
recognized as the underlying cause of
our contradictions and cross-purposes
in daily life at home as well as in
American policy abroad.
Take strikes, for instance. Harold
M. Fleming recently broadcast over
"The easiest way to talk about
(threats of strikes) is to be indignant.
There's only one thing wrong with
indignation; it lives on itself and fogs
up the vision. Let's drop the indigna-
tion then for a moment and look into
some of the meanings back of what is
called this 'labor trouble."
"Now the most striking thing.. .
is the fact that these walk-outs
and threats are not simply engi-
neered by labor leaders. They are
popular with the men. They are
rank- and- file movements. Last
October John Lewis didn't call the
miners out. They walked out. The
railroad unions-as orderly a set of
unions as you can find-voted
democratically, and overwhelming-
ly-to use the strike threat ..,
"And this isn't peculiar to the
United States. Britain seems to have
more such trouble, not less, as the
war outlook brightens, and up in
Canada, the police force and the fire-
men of Montreal recently walked off
the job for 14 hours just to get union
recognition, and they got it .. .
"Now I say that this means this
labor trouble is not a conspiracy, but
it is the people who are willing .to
strike. And you can't indict millions
of such people offhand. They must
"And why are working people will-
ing to defy 'the law and the profits'
and keep demanding more money
and even walking out for it in the
middle of a war in which their own
brothers and sons are fighting and
dying in tropical jungles and Italian
"Firsttofhall, I believe, it is because,
despite the last ten years, they still
feel insecure. They don't know what
the post-war will bring. They fear
unemployment. They fear inflation
..Also they fear that other people
are getting away with something-
employers, farmers, and so on. Right-
ly or wrongly, they fear it .. .
"Then I think there's another rea-
son for their willingness to walk out
in wartime. Washington wage-policy
-and everybody's to blame, not just
Congress, or the President, or the
War Labor Board-has been a series
of stop-gaps, changes and make-
shifts; board after board, policy after
policy, explanation after explanation.
"But perhaps the main reason
... Is simply this: Nobody, none of
us people, is sure what tuis war is
about, once the acute danger is
over, nor what we are fighting for,
nor what will come out of it all .. .
iFor nearly every person you know
who thinks the post-war world will
be a bright new world, there is
somebody else who fears that it
may be a gloomier place to live in:
regimentation, inflation, deficits,
unemployment, and so on .. .
"Even less do we know what is to
happen abroad. Everyone hopes the
war in Europe will be over this year.
When it is, Europe will be torn and
burnt and scarred and starved But
what are we to do about it? Who
knows? .. .
"What kind of government or gov-
ernments do we want in Europe?
Law-and-order established by the
Allied Military Government, using
perhaps even some of the quislings
and sm'aller Vichyites? Or a 'people's
revolution - which might mean
bloody civil war? .
"We can complain that President
Roosevelt and Prime Minister Chur-
chill ought to give us the answers.
But I doubt very much if they know
the answers any more than we do-
or even, in fact, as much-because in
the last analysis it is the people, in
America, and Britain, and Russia,
who give the answers, directly or
indirectly, on the People's Peace.
"And if their answers are not
heeded, or are vague, and uncertain
-there won't be any people's peace,
"Now the kind of answers we make
depends on the kind of world we
work out right here at home. And
that brings us right back again to the
current labor trouble.
"These walk-outs and wage de-
mands are the evidence of a long-
term trend towai'd larger and more
powerful unions, and toward more
independent action on the part of
working people. This trend is not a
flash in the pan or something that
can be frowned down ... It is par-
alleled abroad; in fact while the
United States at the moment seems
to be turning politically somewhat
toward the right, the rest of the
world, including even our conserva-
tive neighbor to the north, Canada,
is turning ever leftward .. .
"The American People's War is
working out on the war front, but
approaching critical problems at
-Louis Adamic, "War and Post-War"
Democracy and Prestige
Ind Rather Be Rig ht
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Operations and Boolean Algebra,"
today, West Council Room, Rackham
Building, at 4 p.m. Chairman, G. Y.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and doctoral candidates
to attend this examination, and he
may grant permission to those who
for sufficient reason might wish to
Master's Candidates in History:
The language examinations for Mas-
ter's Candidates in History will be
held on Friday, June 2, at 4 p.m. in
Rm. B, Haven Hall. Those intending
to take the examination should sign
up in the History Office, 119 H.H.,
during the week before the examina-
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in the School of Education:
These examinations will be held on
June 15, 16 and 17. Anyone desiring
to take them should notify Dr. Woo-
dy's Office not later than May 31.
Faculty Recital: Kathleen Rinik,
pianist, and Dorothy Feldman, so-
prano, will present an all-Schubert
program at 4:15 p.m., Sunday, May
28, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De-
sign: The exhibition of sketches and
water color paintings made in Eng-
land by Sgt. Grover D. Cole, instruc-
tor on leave in the College of Archi-
tecture and Design, will be continued
until June 1. Ground floor cases,
Architecture Building. Open daily
except Sunday 9 to 5. The public is
One-man exhibit of watercolor
paintings by Richard H. Baxter, Annl
Arbor artist, is now on display in the
Rackham Building. The exhibit,
sponsored by Professor Avard Fair-
banks, opened on May 15 and willc
continue through May 27. It is op-
ened to the public daily from 2-5 and
The Regular Thursday Evening,
Record Concert will be held at 7.45
r m.fl in ith Men' Tngep- of thep
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, May 26, at 4 p.m., in
Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
"Carbonic Anhydrase" will be dis-
cussed: All interested are invited.
Crayon Drawings: Do you want
your sketch drawn? Make an ap-
pointment at the USO Club to 1have
Mrs. John Bradfield do your colored
crayon drawaing free of charge. Your
family or that lady in question would
appreciate having one of these draw-
ings. Friday afternoons from 1 to 5.
Friday Dancing Class: How is your
dancing? If you are wondering that,
join the USO dancing class. Dancing
lessons at the Club from 7 to 8 under
I the direction of Lt. Flegal.
Friday Night Dance: Dancing at
the USO Club Friday evening, May
26, from 8 to midnight. Dance with
a USO Junior Hostess-enjoy a game
of bridge or checkers or a game of
Bingo Party and Dance: Don't miss
this USO Bingo Party and Dance,
May 27. Bigger and better than the
last Bingo Party. Prizes. We guaran-
tee you will enjoy it. Bingo in the
Tavern Room. Dancing in the Ball-
room. Refreshments will be served.
Thought for the Future: USO Pic-
nic on July 8, Saturday. 50 service-
men are invited. Sign up at the USO
Club. 50 Junior Hostesses will be
there to add to the fun.
Mr. Latuardia's Slip
HEN Mayor LaGuardia protested
the resettlement of Japanese-
Americans in New York City, he
prejudiced his prestige with many
who have supported him on public
issues in the past.
Apparently Mayor LaGuardia's
protest has been overruled. Manhat-
tan's first Japanese-American hostel
was opened a week ago by the Church
of the Brethren and the American
Baptist Home Missions Society, and
a 24-hour police guard placed outside
to protect the family of three Nisei
Americans who were first to arrive
from a relocation center in Arizona.
Let the Mayor ask himself once
again whether loyal American citi-
zens of any race shall live under the
protection of a. democratic constitu-
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NEW YORK, May 24.-If the Russians had
vigorously pursued a policy of persuading every
Yugoslav to grow a full beard and dye it pink,
it is to be doubted whether they would have
scored a very substantial success.
The reason for the success of Russian policy in
the Balkans, and elsewhere, is not that it is
Russian, but that it makes sense.
The Russians were not able to put over Tito
because they have great influence in Yugo-
slavia; they have great influence in Yugoslavia
because they supported Tito.
Don't tell me that the point is a subtle one. It
is not subtle. It is understood by every salesman
of soap o' automobiles. It is understood by
every trader who has heard of the principle of
giving the people what they want. It is under-
stood by everyone ,in fact, except some of our
high American and- British policy-makers, who
are obstinately trying to peddle King Peter to
Yugoslavia and King George to Greece; i. e.,
they are trying to sell quill pens on a fountain-
pen market, and wondering what sinister influ-
ence is keeping the customers away.
We are bothered by the extent of Russia's in-
tn- intior a n Wo P.Iutter 2boUt it: we
icent diplomatic victories, not because it is a
Russian slogan, but because it is a good slogan.
As a sovereign power, the United States is
clearly entitled, under international law, to have
good ideas, too.
We are entitled to all the influence we can
get. And we shall get all the influence we de-
serve. Anything that's coming to us, we'll get
it; every scrap of influence that we can earn
by telling the people of France, for example,
that they don't really want de Gaulle, will be
ours. If that turns out, in the end, to be hardly
enough influence to get us into the Louvre to
see the pictures after the war, the choice will
have been ours.
It is on this level that future power relations
are being shaped;. a high, bare level where the
winds blow full. It is more comfortable,.perhaps,
to hide under the bed, and to complain that the
John . ..The doctor
said to stay in bed.
Mitchell? John Baxftr... How
are things going? ... Where's
the production curve-Itf's
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Sy Crockett Johnson
Yes. Production shows a
slight rise. . . Can't. expect