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May 12, 1944 - Image 2

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F'RMAV°-' MAY' 12_ l4 t&

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Fifty-Fourth Year

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Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jane Farrant . . . . . . Managing Editor
Claire Sherman . . . . Editorial Director
Stan Wallace. . . . City Editor
Evelyn Phillips . . . ssociate Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Jo Ann Peterson . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Hall . . Associate Women's Editor
Marjdrie Rosmarin . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.


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'You New Dealer, Yotu!'

Help the Fresh Air Camp Today

HERE are a lot of traditions at the University
of Michigan. Some of them, like the Union
Opera and the J-Hop, have disappeared. Others
have been modified. But there is one tradition
that has continued in spite of the war, in spite
of the decreased enrollment, in spite of the
accelerated program.
Tag Day has become a Michigan "institution."
Established 24 years ago to serve as the main
support for the University Fresh Air Camp,
this annual campaign has been held in all kinds
of weather and under all kinds of conditions.
Those students and servicemen who have
been here for any length of time do not have
to be told about the purposes and aims of Tag
bay. They know that the money collected is
used to send Boys from metropolitan areas to
the camp for a month. They have heard that
many boys, already on the road to delinquency,
have been aided and "reclaimed" by the expert
advisers of the camp and by the social agencies
through which they work.

Those students and servicemen to whom Tag
Day is something new, may ask why it is nec-
essary for others to contribute money for boys
to have a vacation when their parents are prob-
ably making enough to send them to camp. The
question is a fair one, but it can be answered.
The boys who are sent to the camp are chosen
on the basis of need, not financial, but psycho-
logical. The Fresh Air Camp is noted for its
staff of experts in the fields of psychiatry, so-
ciology, education and psychology. Students in
counselling, education and sociology who wish
to gain practical experience have found that
a summer at the camp is invaluable in their
future work.
Today some 400 coeds will be stationed at 28
posts on campus and downtowr to sell the tags.
This year the committee hopes to raise $1,500.,
With juvenile delinquency on the upswing, and
with the problems of youth becoming more seri-
ous each month, it would be no idle gesture
for you to contribute generously to the Tag Day
campaign today. -Virginia Rock

I'd Rather
Be Right
ICJ Saisuel Grafton

444 77w Pendulum..

THE GERMAN exterminationists are growing
more numerous and more vociferous. Fewer
people than ever care to distinguish between the
German people and their mis-leaders.
The poorest book of many on the subject is
"Germany Must Perish," written by an American
a few years ago. In "Last Train from Berlin,"
Howard K. Smith reported the boomerang effect
this "half-baked brochure" had on Berlin war
morale in the early stages of the Russian coun-
ter-offensive. Its author had proposed the ster-
ilization of the German people. Of him Smith
writes, "He provided the Nazis with one of the
best light artillery pieces they have . . . for it
served to bolster up the terror which forces Ger-
mans who dislike the Nazis to support, fight and
die to keep Nazism alive."
The substance of the argument we hear today
from Rex Stout, Clifton Fadiman, Emil Ludwig
and Lord Vansittart is that Germany, being
chiefly responsible for war in modern times, must
be dealt with in a punitive way. They say the
Junker class of Prussia has to be effaced. One
answer short of extermination, then, is dismem-
berment of Germany and isolation of Prussia
whose arrogant militarist aristocracy no one
likes, and the peaceful Bavarians.
But this view fails to reckon with the fact
that Hitler, an Austrian upstart, who picked
up his distortions from street corners and beer
halls, enjoyed his greatest success previous to
being handed the chancellorship, in the Bavar-
ian city of Munich. Munich was indeed the
center -of activities for the National Socialist
party. Also these Junkers have done some good
in the world. They were the ones whoutrained
th~e Chinese general staff so that it could hold
off the Japanese all these years and fight on
the democratic allied side.
What many have not realized is the fact
that we are fighting in a very real way against
abstractions. We are not fighting the Ger-
mans or the Japanese. We are fighting the
principle of aggression. The aggressive spirit
is not peculiar to Germany.
Wagner did not have to preach the doctrine
of superman to Japanese generals. Still any-
body in possession of his senses knows Japan

by bringing them exaggeratedly to the floor.
Thus the Germany of 1927 could with some truth
point to itself as a have not nation. The big
powers were banded together in a silent con-
spiracy to suppress the newly created Republic.
Allow the Germany of 1947 free and equal access
to natural resources. Then a future Hitler will
be jeered back into obscurity. No economically
contented people resorts to war when an inter-
national police force to stop it at any point exists
for just that purpose.
Germany must be welcomed back to the fam-
ily of nations or wiped entirely off the map. No
half-way measures will do, although the pres-
sure of conflicting opinions will undoubtedly
cause that catastrophe. "Catastrophe" is not too
strong a word. In retrospect, we see that Ver-
sailles was a catastrophe. We took half-way
measures there in 1917. Barking loudly and
looking very stern, the Four Powers wrote up a
harsh peace settlement. Germany was to be
disarmed and made to pay heavy reparations.
But gradually this harshness preyed upon
the minds of Allied statesmen. So they were
neither mild nor severe. Chamberlain let Hit-
ler have the Rhineland and did not even wince
when he broke the Naval Treaty. This time
we cannot afford the same mistake-which
does not mean we will avoid making it.
Ideally, however, Germany should take its
place after this war in an armed and otherwise
reconstituted League of Nations. Let Germany
find itself unencumbered by the presence of AMG
The spirit of amity which gave birth to Lo-
carno and the ideal of the Kellogg-Briand Pact
can be transformed into a credo of affirmation
to win World War II and its aftermath purpose-
fully. "Can," I say. That they will I do not
believe for a moment.
-Bernard Rosenberg

NEW YORK, May .11.-Each man sets the
boundaries of his own world, big or little, to
suit himself. Sometimes a candidate steps to the
microphone and announces, with an intense and
delighted air of discovery, that the President
is tired, that that is the big issue; we must not
have tired leaders. Ai d it might be possible for
partisans of the President to answer such a
candidate on the facts. But the better answer
is a question:
What sort of tiny little world does the can-
didate live in, that this should loom in it as the
big issue, the true and genuine basis of a na-
tional decision? It must be a veritable minia-
ture of a world, a cute little world; something
like a doll's house, in which a button is as big
as a bathtub, and a -postage stamp will do for
a rug.
For some men really ride the locomotive of
history, and others merely straddle a Lionel
model train, pumping along furiously, their knees
up under their chins.
There was that man who wrote a piece the
other day vigorously attacking' the Victory Gar-
den program, on the theory that it was all
silly and a laugh and a joke because, look, we
have lots of food. He choked, spluttered and
guffowed, and he even threw in some fake pathos
about all the good folk who had been induced to
till their gardens for no good purpose, because,
look, we have lots of food.
Of course, the very same evidence might have
been cited to show that the Victory Garden pro-
gram is a great success, because, look, we have
lots of food. That sort of hangs together, doesn't
it? And there is also the practical question of
how many Americans may have been induced
not to plant Victory Gardens this year by that
particular essay. I give you this bunch of stuff
in some detail, because it bears on the question
of the size of the world a man may choose to
live in.
IT MUST BE a quite small world, one in which
you can reach out and touch North and South
Poles simultaneously, for this wretched, compli-
cated Victory Garden argument against the ad-
ministration to loom up as a big thing. If your
world is small enough, a pea will resemble a
mountain, and its tiny shadow will block out
continents, forests, oceans, rivers, and, especially,
And in the doll's house, of course, Mrs. Roose-
velt is a great big villian lady; it may even be
fun to hide behind .the miniature settee and pre-
tend, with delicious shivers, that she is Grand-
ma-Wolf, with the great long teeth.
Well, the law says you can live in any size
habitation you want, even one so small you can
carry it on your back, like a turtle. I sometimes
'look for that smooth round shell when I hear a
state executive proclaim, with perfectly unutter-
able self-satisfaction, that he has just balanced
his budget, unlike some federal governments he

WASHINGTON, May 11.-It looks
as though the honeymoon between
Secretary of State Hull and his ener-
getic young Undersecretary, Ed Stet-
tinius, were over-well over.
There have been reports for some
time that things weren't going so well
between them, but all doubt as to the
accuracy of these reports vanished
when Stettinius came back from Lon-
don. Close friends say that the two
men are now in about the same pis-
tol-drawn position as Hull was with
ex-Undersecretary Sumner Welles.
The climax came when Stettinius
arrived at the airport on his return
from London. Michael, McDermott,
efficient State Department press re-
lations chief and one of the four off.i-
cials closest to Hull, met him. As
Stettinius stepped off the plane and
posed for the cameramen, McDermott
handed him a small piece of paper.
Stettinius held the paper inside
his hat so no one could see it and
read it. The paper said: "Don't say
anything until you see the Secre-
tary of State."
The Undersecretary obeyed orders.
But when so important an official
returns from so important a mission,
it is always customary to hold a press
conference and, in deference to re-
peated demands, Stettinius finally
did so.
Furthermore, he talked with e-
freshing frankness about his trip,
about ways and means of discussing
peace with Germany, and about other
questions of vital concern to the
American people. It was agreed in
advance that everything should be
off-the-record for the time being,
but that Stettinius, after checking
with Hull, would release the essential
part of his interview for publication.
However, wheni Hull saw the tran-
script of Stettinius' remarks, he
turned thumbs down completely.
He decided that his frank and
forthright Undersecretary had best
keep his light under a bushel. No
word of what Stettinius said has
been released, so far, for publica-
As one of Hull's closest advisers re-
marked afterwards:
"That Stettinius hasn't learned to
talk without saying anything."
NOTE-Chief trouble between Hull
and Stettinius seems to be that the
President calls Stettiniusrover to the
White House much more than he
does Hull.
Post-War U.S. BaSeS ..
A House Naval Affairs subcommit-
tee, headed by Representative Ed-
ward Hebert of Louisiana, which re-
cently returned from an inspection
tour of United States bases in South
America, has made three major rec-
ommendations in a report to Con-
1. Permanent acquisition of British
bases in the Caribbean area.
2. Continued operation of eight
American military and naval bases
in Brazil after the war.
3. The granting to Brazil, and other
friendly neighbors in South America,
of small surplus warships-destroy-
ers, cutters and patrol boats, which
we will not need after the war but
which will be useful to South Ameri-
can nations for coast patrol and trade
Hebert brought out in his report
that these surplus vessels could be
granted to our South -American
neighbors in exchange for bases.
Note: The first Hebert recommen-

dation, regarding permanent acqui-
sition of British bases, was cancelled
for the time being by Churchill's Lon-
don remarks in which he opposed re-
linquishing British bases in the Car-
could name. And the counterpane is
aa prairie, and that little pillow is
Mount Everest, and what shall we
play, Indians or explorers?
Only sometimes, as a relief from
littleness, there arrives a letter
from an ordinary private soldier,
say, who is worried about our
chances for making a decent peace
if we tell ourselves fairy tales about
what our real problems are. And
one has the feeling that the plain
man who wrote that letter is not
afraid, unimportant as he is, to step
out into the real and big world, to
measure its longest road with his
own small steps. And it's a strange
thing, but he becomes bigger for
doing it.
It turns out that if you shrink your
world, you shrink yourself, too. Ev-
erything has to fit, you know; where
a thimble will pass for a tub, a mani-
kin will pass for a man.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Synd.)

ONE MORE case of proposed anti-
democratic action can be seen in
the TVA amendments up for appro-
val in the House of Representatives.
The Senate has already passed two
significant measures and attached
them to the Independent Offices Ap-
propriations Bill.
The first measure provides that
all revenues from the sale of power
in the Tennessee Valley be turned
over to the Treasury, and when the
Authority needs money it must
come to Congress (Senator McKel-
lar) for appropriations. The second
measure, more stringent than the
first, provides that all emp'loyes
who receive $4,500 or more a year
must be subject to confirmation
by Senator McKellar himself. This
would probably be the end of Lil-
ienthal, the TVA's able adminis-
trator, in view of McKellar's oppo-
sition to him.
It is hoped that these measures are
overruled in the House, for any bill
limiting the operation of the TVA or
its capable leader works against pop-
ular forces. That which only ten
years ago consisted of acres of dry,
barren land, and wasted and destruc-
tive waters, has now been reclaimed
and turned into a highly developed
region of green and fertile lands in
an area larger than England.
Sixteen gigantic dams have har-
nessed the waters which produce en-
ergy bringing refrigeration, light and
heat to hundreds of thousands ofj
homes and farms. A tremendous and
successful irrigation project is in
operation; new industries have been
established in this area; cooperative
farming has sprung up; education in
phosphates and soil erosion has been
advanced, and, above all, millions of
American people have received an
undreamed-of richness in community
Now, the TVA, one of the great-
est projects in the history of our
country, is in danger. With these
0__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

TVA Independence Endangered

FRIDAY, MAY 12, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 133
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
School of Education Faculty: The
May meeting of the faculty, originally
scheduled for May 15, will be held in
the University Elementary School Li-
brary on Monday, May 29.
The Complete Announcement for
the Summer Session is available at
the Office of the Summer Session,
1213 Angell Hall or the Recorder's
Office, Rm. 4, University Hall.
Scholarships in Meteorology: The
U.S. Weather Bureau is offering tui-
tion scholarships covering the nine-
months advanced course at the Insti-
tute of Meteorology, University of
Chicago, beginning June 19, 1944.
Applicants must be American citi-
zens, 20-30 years of age, who have
had at least two years of college work,
including differential and integral
calculus and one year of college phys-
ics. Those interested may consult
Prof. Ralph L. Belknap (3054 NS or
108 MH), or write directly to Profes-
sor Carl G. Rossby, Director of the
Institute of Meteorology, University
of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Academic Notices
Graduate Record Examination: The
results of the Graduate Record Ex-
amination are now available. Both
seniors and graduate students may
obtain their results from Mrs. Sulli-
van in the Graduate School Office.
Doctoral Examination for Chen
Ying Chou, Botany; thesis: "Pacific
Species of Galaxaura," 1139 Natural
Science, at 2:30 p.m. today. Chair-
man, W. R. Taylor.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-
amination, and he may grant per-
mission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of
the Rackham Building through May
12, daily except Sunday, afternoons
2 to 5 and evenings 7 to 10. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and Design:
Sketches and water color paintings
made in England by Sgt. Grover D.
Cole, instructor on leave in the Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
rim n lornosee.Architeeture

Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets are
on sale daily at the theatre box office,
which is open from 10-1 and 2-5.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet at 4 p.m. in Rm. 319 West Medi-
cal Building. "Fat Metabolism-the
Fatty Acids" will be discussed. All
interested are invited.
Friday Night Dance: The USO Fri-
day Night Dance will be held as usual
tonight from 8 o'clock to midnight.
Dancing in the ballroom. Refresh-
ments will be served.
Dancing Lessons: The USO Dan-
cing Class will be held this evening at
7. Dancing Class from 7 to 8 o'clock.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation: Re-
ligious services will be held this eve-
ning at 7:45 p.m. Elliot Organick,
'44E, and A. S. Harvey Weisberg are
the student cantors. A. K. Stevens of
the English Department will speak
on "War and the Golden Age." Re-
freshments and a - social hour will'
follow. The public is invited.
Coming Events
Michigan Sailing Club: There will
be a meeting at 1 p.m. Saturday, May
13, in the Union.
Saturday Night Dance: Dance at
the USO Club this Saturday night!
Dancing from 8 to midnight. Re-
freshments will be Served. All service-
men and USO Junior Hostesses are
Sunday Morning Breakfast: All
servicemen are invited to come to the
USO Club for breakfast Sunday
morning from 10:30 to 11 a.m. Break-
fast will be served by the MOMS
Club. Men are requested to sign up
for breakfast at the USO Club. Men
interested in attending church with
a member of the MOMS Club in
honor of Mother's Day will also sign
up at the USO Club.
Music Hour: A Classical Music
Hour will be held at the USO Club
this Sunday afternoon from 2 to 3
o'clock. The Classical Music Hour
will be followed by the NBC Sym-
Mother's Day Program: Mother's
Day Program will be held in the USO
Ballroom starting at 2:30 p.m. Pro-
gram will include selections by Mrs.
David Blake, member of the MOMS
Club and there will be a preview of
the musical numbers from ASTP Co.
D's show, "Rumor Has It."
The English Journal Club will meet
Tuesday evening, May 16, at 8 o'clock,
in the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Mr. David Stev-
enson will read a paper on "The Aes-
thetic and the Ethical Approach in
the Evaluation of the Novel." Re-
freshments and discussion will fol-
low the reading of the paper. Mem-
bers of the faculty, graduate stu-

two measures passed, Senator Mc-
Kellar will be able to make it the
object of juicy patronage. He will
be in a veritable dictatorial posi-
tion, in control of handing out jobs
and appropriations.
But the people in the Tennessee
Valley are fighting against him; they
are demanding that the amendments
be thrown out of Congress. When so
many people work together for some-
thing they believe in and know to be
right they cannot fail In this we
must stand behind them, for limita-
tions on the TVA is the usurping, in
the long run, of the democratic rights
of every individual in the United
States. -Marian Mondshein
FDR vs. Dewey
The Republican press is so busy
these days describing Mr. Dewey's
immense popularity and stressing
the "ground swell against the New
Deal" that it seems to have missed
one item in the returns from the
recent primary election in Pennsyl-
This is that a "write-in" candi-
date named Franklin Delano Roose-
velt ran third in the Republican
primary, well ahead of Pennsyl-
vania's favorite son, Governor Mar-
tin, as well as other leading GOP
contestants such as Governor
Bricker and Lieutenant-Command-
er Stassen.
Mr. Roosevelt ran close to Gen-
eral MacArthur, who was second-to
Dewey. In addition to his surpris-
ing showing on the Republican tick-
et, President Roosevelt rolled up
nearly twice as many votes in the
uncontested Democratic primary as
all the Republican candidates com-
bined. Lest the Republicans may
have forgotten, it might be added
that Pennsylvania has 36 votes in
the Electoral College, second only to
New York. -The Nation





That's the last match I have,
Gridley. Light your pipe and
we'll get to work on my big

By Crockett Johnson

I'd% leaving Leprechauns out
entirely. Serves them right,
being uncooperative... Now.

=: 1

There are matches upstairs,
Gridley. But hurry. Imust get
on with my scientific survey.

Pop's in bed with a JOC3NSON/
temperature, and-


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