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May 12, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-12

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Partly Cloudy










Chinese City
Threatened by
Jap Invaders
Military Crisis
Mounts in North
Associated Press War Editor
The grave military situation in
China's North Honan Province sent a
wave of unconcealed concern through
that nation yesterday as the Japan-
ese threat against the strategic city
of Loyang mounted. The Chinese
admitted the invaders have linked
their north and central China forces
by taking control of the entire Pei-
ping-Hankow railway.
Burma Picture Brighter
In India and Burma, however, the
military picture was much brighter
from the Allied viewpoint, with Am-
erican, British and Indian forces, sup-
ported by powerful air units, contin-
uing to advance in most sectors.
American planes, operating in the
Central Pacific area, blasted widely
separated Japanese strongholds.
Chinese reports disclosed another
Japanese smash against Loyang, for-
mer capital of the rich Honan wheat
country.. The Japanese battled their
way across the Yellow River near Yu-
anchu, 45 miles northwest of Loyang.
Two other Nipponese spearheads were
within 25 miles of the city but at one
point to the northwest the Chinese
claimed they repulsed another at-
tempted river crossing northwest of
Loyang. One Nippon spearhead of
tanks and armored cars, supported
by planes, pushed to within six miles
south of the city. Another invading
column was near Yenshih, 21 miles
east of the Japanese objective. Fierce
fighting raged just south of the an-
cient Honan capital and Chungking
reported casualties on both sides were
The Honan drive has given the in-
vaders controlof about 60,000 square
miles of territory.
15,000 Japs Die -
The high price the Japanese are
paying for their ventures into India
and Burma was disclosed at South-
east Aasia headquarters. An official
estimate placed Japanese dead at 15,-
000 during the past three and a half
months, not including more than
5,000 killed by American trained
Chinese forces. It was believed Al-
lied casualties were much lighter.
Chinese forces in Northern Burma,
powerfully supported by American
planes, captured two villages north of
Kamaing and pushed ahead against
stiff opposition.
Sawyer Will
Bid Farewell
At Tareties'
A gala Victory Varieties show, fea-
turing Bill Sawyer and his orchestra
in his farewell campus appearance,
the University Women's Glee Club
and at least four well-known profes-
sional acts, will be held at 8 p.m.
Saturday, May 20, in Hill Auditorium.
Following the show, which will last
until 9:30 p.m., Sawyer and his or-j
chestra will play his last all-campus
dance from 10 p.m. to midnight at the
Doc Fielding, who conducted an
Hour of Fun program recently, will be
master of ceremonies on this second
of the University-sponsored Victory
Varieties programs. Sawyer is now
spending much of his time in Chi-

cago directing and collaborating on
the music for a government musical
project which deals with Alaska.
The four professional acts which
have been billed for the hour-and-a-
half vaudeville program include the
Whirling Spinners, a boy and girl
roller-skating act; Del Kosno who
performs on an unsupported high
ladder; The Rockets, a boy and girl
acrobatic dancing and tumbling team,
and The' Carltons, a father and his
five-year-old son in a thrilling hand
balancing act.
Ticket sales will begin Monday ac-
cording to Dean Walter B. Rea.
'Rumor Has It' Will Be
Previewed at USO Sunday
Co. D's "Rumor .Has It" will open
definitely n ne iiP1.Pfc. Arty Fis-

Students, Faculty To Be Solicited
In 24th Annual Tag Day Drive,

Nazi Anti-Invasion Defenses
Pounded by Allied Planes
U.S., British Formations Hit 19 Railway
Centers in Occupied Europe, Germany

400 (eds To Be
Stationed at 28 Posts
Students, faculty members, Ann
Arbor residents and soldiers will have
a chance today to send a boy to the
University Fresh Air Camp by con-
tributing to the 24th annual Tag Day
Four hundred coeds from dormi-
tories and sororities will be stationed
on 28 posts to sell tags from 8 a.m.
to 4 p.m., Marge Hall and Jim Plate,
co-chairmen of the drive, said.
Goal Set at $1,500
Tag Day, which has become a tra-
dition on the University campus, will
attempt to raise $1,500 to send some
A list of the houses participating
in the Tag Day drive, together with
the polling places which they will
man are listed on page 4.
240 boys from metropolitan areas to
the camp for a month. Ranging be-
tween the ages of eight and 13, the
boys have been selected by 25 co-
operating social and case-working
agencies on the basis of need for
Other members of the committee
include Virginia Rock, publicity; Peg-
gy Morgan and Nancy Reber, solici-
tations from stores; Charlotte Haas,
tag stringing; and Orris Mills, head-
Instructions Are Given
Students who are to sell tags must
pick up their buckets and tags at
Rm. 4, University Hall, between 7:45
and 8 a.m. All buckets are to be
returned to the headquarters at the
end of the day. The coeds are asked
to wait until the next person comes
to take over the post, Miss Hall point-
ed out.
The University Fresh Air Camp
has become known for its work in
the fields of sociology, psychology,

* * *

*k * *k

-Daily Photo by John Horeth
FIRST PURCHASER OF TAG--President Alexander G. Ruthven is
pictured buying the first tag in the 24th annual Tag Day campaign
from Deborah Parry (left), treasurer of the Women's War Council,
and Marge Hall (right), chairman of the drive. The campaign, to be
held from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. today, has set a goal of $1,500.

education and psychiatry. Students
who wish to gain some practical ex-
perience, and to secure six hours
credit for special courses may apply
for positions as camp counsellors this
summer. The term will last for two
months, from June 26 to August 26.
The camp, located near Pinckney
on Patterson Lake, offers dormitory
rooms for the girls and cabin quarters
for the men.
Menefee Directs Drive
Faculty director of the drive, Prof.
F. N. Menefee of the engineering

Maier Prophesies Overthrow
Of Hitler After Allied Invasion

Destruction of Hitler and other
Nazi leaders as part of an impending
revolt of the German people will in-
evitably follow the Allied invasion,
Dr. Norman R. F. Maier of the psy-
chology department prophesied yes-
Hitler Dangles 'Security Bait'
Only by dangling 'security bait'
before the German people has Hitler
managed to stave off revolution so
far, according to Prof. Maier, who
claimed that the Fuehrer and his
colleagues would have been killed
long ago had they not managed to
promise new secret weapons to the
German people, coupled with assur-
ances as to the integrity of the
German fortress.
"These myths will explode when
the Allied invasion armies crack the
German line, and nothing can save
Hitler then," Dr. Maier predicted.
Dangerous war guilt trials can be
eliminated by the Allied leaders if
they permit the Germans to dispose
of their own leaders, he added.
Maier Won Award in 1938
Dr. Maier won the annual award
of the American Association for the

Advancement of Science in 1938 for
his research work in frustration.
Laboratory experiments on the dif-
ferences between normal and frus-

trated behaviorism enabled him
to predict Hitler's collapse now
also to announce before Munich
Prime Minister Chamberlain's
peasement policy would tail.


school, pointed out that more than
$1,400 had already been received from
Ann Arbor residents and faculty
members, as well as from stores,
factories and Detroiters.
"It is important to realize;" he said,
"that the need for the Fresh Air
Camp has not disappeared in spite of
this war prosperity. With juvenile
delinquency increasing, we cannot af-
ford to ignore our opportunities to
do something. The Tag Day cam-
paign in the past has been the chief
support of the camp."
Students Will
Present little
Women' Today
In a typical Victorian setting, Amy,
Beth, Meg and Jo will re-enact one
of America's favorite stories when
the Children's Theatre of the speech
department presents "Little Women"
at 3:45 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
One Setting Is Used
Although only one setting is being
used for the entire play, it is com-
plete to the most minute detail, Her-
bert Philippi, scenery designer, point-
ed out. It is typical of the period
with its small miniatures on the
walls, its elaborate wallpaper and the
big bay window opposite the Victor-
ian fireplace, he added.
The setting of "Little Women" pre-
sents a room typical of a family that
once possessed money, but is now
Cast Is Listed
Cast in the leading roles are Flor-
ence Underwood as Jo, Marilyn May-
er as Meg, Bobette Ringland as Amy,
and Claire Meisels as Beth. Others
in the play are Jean Loree, who will
play Marmee, John Merewether as
Laurie, and Betty Godwin as the
crotchety old Aunt March. Marion
Zander will play Hannah, Marilyn
MeKeever will be Sallie, Thelma
Davis will portray Annie, Vivian Ad-
elson, Mary, and Charles Benjamin
will be Mr. March.
There will be two matinee perfor-
mances at 1:30 p.m. and 3:30 p.m.
tomorrow in addition to the one to-
day. Tickets for all three may be
secured from 10 a.m. till 1 p.m. and
from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. today, as well
as from 10 a.m. till curtain time

By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 12, Friday. - The
Nazis' anti - invasion transportation
network was given its most devastat-
ing pounding of the war yesterday
by 4,000 Allied warplanes which
dropped 7,000 tons of bombs, and
early today RAF night raiders car-
ried the offensive into its 28th con-
secutive day with a new attack on
the coast of northern France.
The seaside town of Folkestone, on
England's channel shore, reverberat-
ed from the shock of the high explo-
sives blasting targets in the darkness
across the Strait of Dover.
Boulogne Is Chief Target
The raid lasted only a short time,
starting soon after a great force of
heavy bombers roared across to the
continent, and appeared to be con-
centrated in the vicinity of the port
of Boulogne. But while it lasted the
Dunham To Be
Featured at
'Spring Swing'
Dance To Take Place
In Waterman Gym
Final arrangements have been
made for the University "Spring
Swing" to be held from 9 p.m. to
midnight tomorrow in Waterman
Gym and featuring the music of
Sonny Dunham and his orchestra.
Tickets for the affair may be
bought at the Union and League
lobby desks and at the office outside
of Rm. 2 in University Hall for the
benefit of servicemen.
The dance will be highlighted by
special numbers presented by Dun-
ham and his band which has been
acclaimed as one of the nation's top-
flight organizations. Previous to his
appearance here, Dunham appeared
in notable night spots throughout
the country and following this en-
gagement, he will return to Holly-
wood to play in one of the largest
entertainment clubs.
Harman To Be Here
Another special event of the eve-
ning will be the appearance of Lt.
Tom Harmon and his fiancee, movie
actress Elyse Knox, who are rumored
to be in town for the week-end. Miss
Knox has appeared with Sonny Dun-
ham in Hollywood pictures.
The dance is one in the series of
University-sponsored functions plan-
ned for the especial benefit of stu-
dents and servicemen on campus in
order to fill a need for more enter-
tainment features for the college
personnel. Such programs as "Vic-
tory Varieties" have already been
presented for the enjoyment of the
students and servicemen and as these
affairs prove successful, more enter-
tainment of this type will be given.
This is the last campus dance for the
Door Prizes To Be Given
The committee in charge of the
affair has initiated a novel method
of giving door prizes. Next to each
ticket booth has been placed a jug of
beans. The purchaser guesses the
number of beans in the jug and the
individual who has guessed most ac-
curately to the actual number will
receive gift certificates donated by
local State Street merchants. Guesses
have ranged from 200 to 12,000 beans.
Patrons for the dance have been
announced as follows: President and
Mrs. A. G. Ruthven, Dean and Mrs.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean and Mrs. I. C.
Crawford, Dean J. A. Bursley, Assis-
tant Dean and Mrs. W. B. Rea, Prof.
and Mrs. E. V. Moore.

ground around Folkestone trembled
and windows and dishes rattled.
The daynight raids by American
and British formations made up of
all types of bombers and fighters,
mauled 19 different Nazi rail centers
as well as other targets. The at-
tackers encountered little fighter op-
position and varying degrees of anti-
aircraft fire.
Eighteen enemy planes were shot
down in these operations, three by
gunners aboard the bombers and 15
by the escorting fighters.
Huge Force Hits Railways
Seven of the railway targets were
hit late this afternoon by a force of
possibly 1,000 Flying Fortresses and
fighters which raided the yards at
Brussels and Liege in Belgium, Lux-
embourg in the Duchy of that name,
Sarreguemines in France, and Saar-
bruecken, Ehrang and Knox in Ger-
many's Saar Basin.
The widespread attacks against
railroad centers certainly were the
heaviest ever launched against the
enemy's communications system, and
as reports of the day's operations con-
tinued to flow from air headquarters
there were indications that this might
prove to have been the biggest day of
the war for aircraft based in Britain.
The American Ninth Air Force for
the first time launched three major
attacks in one day, using Marauders,
Havocs, Thunderbolt divebombers
and Lightning fighters in its all-day
operations that dropped more than
600 tons of bombs.
To Show, 'Native
Land' Tonight
"Native Land," a film of the labor
movement starring Paul Robeson will
be shown at 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre under the spon-
sorship of the Inter-Racial Associa-
tion and the Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action.
The picture is built on an investi-
gation made in 1937 by the LaFollette
Civil Liberties Committee. Five fic-
tional incidents are drawn from this
report including the events of the
Memorial Day Massacre in Chicago
when the CIO was organizing the
steel workers. Also included are the
problems of labor in the Tenant
Farmers' Union and difficulties with
the Pinkerton spies.
The facts presented in this movie
can also be found in the book, "Labor
Spy Racket" by Leo Huberman, and
"Citizens" by Myer Levin.
* * *
Picnic Is Sunday
A picnic and bicycle hike, spon-
sored by Michigan Youth for Demo-
cratic Acation will be held from 2
to 5 p.m. Sunday.
The group will meet at 2 p.m. at the
fountain in front of Rackham Build-
ing. For those who do not have bi-
cycles special arrangements will be
Those who would like to attend
should contact Annette Epstein, 2-
1454, before Sunday.
Jordan Hall Wins First
Place in Clean-Up Week
First place fin can trophy for
Freshman Project Clean-Up Week
went to Jordan Hall, second and
fifth floors, and second prize was
taken by the freshman women of
Stockwell Hall, according to Estelle
Klein, '47, chairman of the Freshman

New Draft
Program Is
Registraitis Will
Be Reclassified
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 11.-A blan-
ket draft deferment for "an indefi-
nite period" was ordered tonight for
all men 30 and over in essential in-
dustry, and "necessary" men of 26
through 29 were promised civilian
status "for the time being."
Maj.-Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Selec-
tive Service Director, told a news
conference he hoped "for the time
being" would mean six months. "In-
definitely," as applied to registrants
30 and over might mean six months
or longer, he said.
Cannot Predict Casualties
A more definite prediction cannot
be made, Hershey said, because the
trend of casualties and strategic
developments cannot be forecast. It
appeared likely, however, that men
over 29 will not be called this year,
and possibly not for the duration.
Hershey instructed local draft
boards to review immediately the
cases of men in both age groups who
have been classified 1-A, and to grant
occupation deferments in line with
the broad new policy. Agricultural
workers are not affected.
If a board cannot meet its monthly
draft calls without dipping into the
necessary men of 26-29 or into the
30-and-up group in essential indus-
try, Hershey declared: "The board
should let the calls ride."
18-25 Group Believed Adequate
"We believe there are entirely ade-
quate resources of manpower in the
18-25 group and among older men
not in essential lines of work," he
explained. "If one board has to pass
up its call, other boards will have
enough people."
Men through 37 previously have
been eligible for occupation defer-
ment only if they were "necessary"
or "key". men. This yardstick still
applies to men 26 through 29, but
even an unskilled worker in an essen-
tial activity now may be deferred.
Co. A Choir
To Sing Sunday
Soldiers Will Present
United Nations Songs
Members of the Co. A Soldier Choir,
which will be heard in concert at
4 p.m. Sunday in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, come from universities and
colleges all over the country as well
as foreign countries, lending color to
the program of United Nations music
40 Man Choir Will Participate
Representing American institutions
in the 40-man choir are men from
Harvard University, University of
California, City College of New York,
Stanford University, University of
Washington, Oberlin College, Wes-
leyan University, University of Wis-
consin, Southern Methodist Univer-
sity, New York University, Boston
College, Michigan State College, St.
Olaf's College and San Jose State
Since the music program on Sun-
day is dedicated to the United Na-
tions, Cpl. Stanley Amdurer, choir
manager, has taken note of choir
members who have lived in Allied
lands. Pfc. Lewis Cykan is Russian,
but resided in Harbin, Manchuria,
until recently; Cpl. Harold Folland
lived in England; Cpl. Christopher
Dravis calls Greece his homeland;
Cpl. James Froelich lived in Czecho-

slovakia. Pfc. Wayne Oxford was
born in Japan but calls America
'United Nations March' 'To Be Sung
Highlighting the United Nations
numbers on the program will be the
"United Nations March," by Shosta-
kovich. For American moderns, the
chorus will present a special choral
arrangement of Jerome Kern's "All
the Things You Are" from the Broad-
way hit, "Very Warm for May."
Songs from England, Russia, Nor-
way, South America and the United
States will also be sung.
Voters Will Ballot on Tax
Assessment Tomorrow
Ann Arbor voters will ballot to-
morrow in a special charter election

'Blockade' To
Be Given Here
The third in a series of Hillel mo-
tion picture programs will begin at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow with the presen-
tation of "Blockade,'" a picture deal-
ing with the Spanish Civil War.
When released several years ago
this picture became the cause of con-
troversy because of its political im-
plications in regard to our then prev-
alent policy of neutrality. Starring
in this spy melodrama are Henry
Fonda, Madeleine Caroll, Leo Carillo
and John Halliday. "Sons of Liberty,"
the story of Haym Solomon, Phila-
delphia Jew who raised $200,000 to
help feed and equip George Washing-
ton's forces during the Revolution-
ary War, will follow the presentation
of "Blockade."
"The Black Legion," a movie story
exposing the methods of fascist or-
ganizations in America, will conclude
the program.
Admission to Saturday night's show
is free aid the general public is in-
vited to attend.

World News
at a Glance

By The Associated Press
New Rulers Ready ...
11.-Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower un-
veiled today an organization all set to
march into Germany beside the con-
quering troops and rule villages, cities
and the whole Reich with a military
iron hand.
* * *
Air Blows Hit Hard.. .
WASHINGTON, May 11.- Sec-
retary of War Stimson, in a war
review, stressed again today the
heavy damage being inflicted by
Allied Air Forces on European corn-


Proposed Limit on Presidential Term Rejected

O -

University students this week
turned down by more than a 2-1
ratio a proposal to limit the presi-
dential term, a Daily poll indicated.
In the first of a series of week-
ly polls of campus opinion, 574
students opposed, 241 favored,

In a Daily poll of student opin-
ion this week the following re-
sults were obtained in answtr to
the question: "Do you favor a
constitutional amendment lim-
iting the tenure of office of the

such regulations are not in the
Constitution. As long the people
have good voting machinery there
will be a check on the President."
More emphatic was a member
of the NROTC who declared,
"Heck, no."

One Marine student said, "Yes,
if it's limited to six years." An-
other student answered, "I favor
if it's limited to not more than
two terms."
"An amendment should be intro-
duced which will change the voting

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