THE MVICHiGAN DA~ILY
SATURDlAY, U' T 1944
r..,....., ........ . ... . -
Fi fty-fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
9f Student Publications.
Published every 'morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and ev'ery morning except M01on-
day fnd Tuesday during the summer session.
/ Mt r ;
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Elizabeth A. Carpen
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . Associate Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
Associate Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
ter . Business Manager
. . Associate Business Manager
, le v x: .
Progi a iii: M~ozart: SyoI'llholIy No. 35
ini T) fllajor, "Hlaffner"'; Mahller: "h~as
lied von der rde," a Symphony for
Tenor, Contralto and Orchestra.
W HEN such a complex and tre-
mendous work as Gustav Mah-
ler's "Das Lied von der Erde" is per-
formed, depending as it does on in-
dividual vocal performances as well
as the duel problem of technical mas-
tery and unity of direction on the
part of the orchestra, it is difficult
to derive any absolute degree of sat-
One difficulty in last night's con-
cert by Kerstin Thorborg, Charles
Kullman and the Philadelphia Or-
chestra under Eugene Ormandy
wvas 'a lack of coordination.
Mine. thorborg was by far the most
consistent. She sang with clarity,
eveness and sincerity. Her rich con-
tralto distilled all the characteristic
sadness from the music and rose to
great proportions in the magnificent
"Der Abschied" (Farewell) in the
Mr. Kullman's main shortcoming
was a lack of volume, particularly ap-
parent in the opening section, "Das
Trinklied von Jammer der Erde." In
the lighter and more robust "Von
der Jugend" though, he sang with a
brilliance and spirit.
The Philadelphia Orchestra un-
der Mr. Ormandy demonstrated its
usual technical effectiveness, but
above that seemed lost in the maze
of Mahler orchestration. There
was a tendency on the part of the
orchestra, as well, to drown out
The first part of the program con-
sisted of the Mozart "Haffner" Sym-
phony No. 35 in D. Although credit-
ably done, the orchestra and Mr.
Ormandy's approach lacked the in-
cisiveness that a performance of this
symphony merits. This was most
evident in the first movement.
DAILY OFFICIAL i
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions durin'g the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Editorials &ublished in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
HEWIDESPREAD strike of foremen in the
Detroit area is regrettable, but it is almost
worthwh ile if it brings to a 'head a situation that
has been brewing for months.
The strike cannot be called "academic" as
the Detroit Free Press tried to do yesterday.
The foremen feel, and rightly, that they are
the "forgotten men of industry," that they are
neither' part of management nor of organized
Therefore, the foremen have formed their own
union, the Foremen's Association of America, to
protect their interests.
But management has consistently refused to
cooperate. foremen have been relegated to a
position of stoogeship. They have no redress
of grievances, no nothing. Usually they are
paid just a few cents more than the highest
paid men working underneath him. He must
give orders directly to the men, which some
higher-up has dictated to him.
The foremen want some way of talking back,
some way of voicing their views, some way of
Sure we're fighting a war. But we are fight-
ing it to protect our rights, not abrogate them.
A, unthinkable as striking is in wartime, it is
even more unthinkable that the kings of industry
should take advantage of the war to prolong
unjust treatment of fellow Americans which
happen to be working under them.
By DREW PEARSO N
WASHINGTON, May 5.-Admiral
King's recent report on two years of
U.S. naval warfare contains an inter-
esting reference to the sinking of the
airplane carrier Hornet. He tells how
U.S. planes from the carrier Enter-
prise, going to attack the Jap fleet.
actually passed Jap dive bombers
going the other way to attack the
But those who actually lived
through that battle know that Ad-
miral King leaves out a lot of the
story. The part of the story which
still has young naval officers siz-
zling mad at the Annapolis Brass
Hats is the manner in which they
were not permitted to bomb the
Saps until too late
Here is the real story of what hap-
pened. The' Hornet and Enterprise
had been running together not far
from the U.S. naval base on Espiritu
Santo Island, south of Guadalcanal.
On Oct. 25, 1942, the day before the
Hornet was sunk, the Enterprise lost
eleven planes. The loss of five was
pure bad luck. A plane landing on
the carrier's deck struck its wheels
on a barrier and bounced into four
planes on the bow. All five were de-
stroyed. The other loss resulted from
bad planning when six planes, out on
a scouting mission, ran short of gas
'and fell into the water before they
could land on the carrier.
Slow Corrurtunication.. .
About midnight that night, the
seaplane tender Curtiss sent out four
PBY5's, or Catalina flying boats,
which sighted the enemy but were so
slow that three of them were shot
down. (The Catalinas fly so slowly
that Navy pilots grimly jest that,
when they sight the enemy, they can
only report: "Have contacted Jap
fleet. Please notify next of kin.")
At 1 a.m., the Hornet and Enter-
Officer in the National University of
Mexico, will lecture on the subject
"French Literary Influence in Mex-
ico," at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday, May 9, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre, under
the auspices of the Department of
Romance Languages. The public is
William H. Hobbs, Professor Emer-
itus of Geology, will speak on "Island
Fortresses of the Pacific," in the
Rackham Auditorium on Tuesday,
May 9, at 7:30 p.m., under the auspi-
ces of the A.S.C.E. and A.S.M.E.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
imination: Students expecting to
elect D100 (directed teaching) next
term are required to pass a qualify-
ing examination in the subject which
they expect to teach. This examina-
tion will be held on Saturday, May
13, at 1 p.m. Students will meet in
the auditorium of University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time;
promptness is therefore essential.,
The ten-weeks' grades for Marine
and Navy trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps) will be due
May 13. Only D and E grades need
The Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
If more blue cards are needed,
please call at 108 Mason Hall or-
telephone Extension 613 and they
will be sent by campus mail.
English 45, Sec. 3, will not meet
Co 1W ert s
May Festival Concerts: The sev-
eral May Festival programs will be
THIS IS GOING to be an anti-Republican
column-so let thin-skinned GOP faithful
look elsewhere. I have said harsh things about
the elephant-ine party before. One satirical
swing of The Pendulum along these lines brought
forth a letter of protest. It contained the very
valid criticism that what one might say in dis-
paragement of the undesirable elements in the
Republican party, he could as easily say of the
undesirable elements in the Democratic party.
My correspondent speaks the truth. Each
party is made up of men whose opinions range
from one end of the social spectrum to the other.
The Southern Democrat is closer to the Repub-
lican conservative than he is to the leaders of
the Administration. A liberal Republican like
Senator Burton is as close to Vice-President
Henry Wallace as he is distant from Senator
Robert Taft. Labels mean nothing. Platforms
mean nothing. Men speak for themselves and
no man can speak for a party. Only the most
rabid ward-heel politician will maintain the su-
periority of his party's principles when he knows
well enough that such a diversity of ideas over-
lap each other as to make no one set of them
the exclusive property of any group.
President Roosevelt, seeing how regrettable
this situation was, attempted in 1938 to purge
his party of the least liberal legislators up for
reelection in that year, men like Senators Gil-
I'd athr y SAMUL OUFT
lette and Tydings and Rep. O'Connor. He
stumped for their opponents and the public
responded by defeating mcst of the men Roose-
velt wanted to win. A hue and cry could be
heard over what some said was an attempt
Much of the public still does not understand
that the President was only trying to cleanse his
party, to throw the illiberals into the conservative
Republican camp. If he had succeeded, then
voters would know that a ballot, for any Repub-
lican was a ballot for conservatism, one for any
Democrat a ballot for liberalism. In England,
a vote for Laborite Earnest Bevin means a vote
for labor, a vote for Liberal Sir Archibald Sin-
clair means a vote for liberalism, a vote for Con-
servative Anthony Eden means a vote for con-
servatism, et cetera. No such relationship be-
tween party name and candidate obtains in this
DESPITE all these facts, progressive forces in
the U.S.A. will align themselves with Demo-
crats all the way down the line in November.
No matter who the Republican nominee is, even
if Wendell Willkie wheedles himself into the
candidacy, it will be our bounden duty to recruit
support for the Democrats. This sounds like a
l contradiction of what I have said in the foregoing
paragraphs, but it isn't. For, although both
parties are composed of men who represent every
sentiment, Right, Left, Center and points be-
tween . . . there still exists a basic difference
between the two that we should not forget.
This is it: at the top of the Republican party,
whip in hand and eyes alert are the frozen-faced,
back-biting, inertly Spanglerized Old Guards-
men; at the top of the Democrat party are the
men of vision who want to work for the Good
Life in America that they foresee. In the Re-
publican ranks it is the out-group that struggles
vainly for control. Willkie's abrupt exit from the
scene symbolizes this fact. But, as the astute
Washington correspondent T. R. B. kept warn-
ing his readers before Willkie's withdrawal, the
nomination of the barefoot boy from Wall Street
himself would not erase the big shots who run
the Republican party.
The out-group in the Democrat party, on
the other hand, is the disgruntled reactionary
branch. The Democratic in-group and the Re-
publican out-group are at one with each other.
This distinction must be kept firmly fixed in
our minds, for once elected, it is the in-group
that does the ruling.
Roosevelt is hard put to hold off the ultra-
conservative Democratic factionalists; Dewey
will be hard put to hold off the ultra-liberal Re-
publican factionalists. Energetic junior Sena-
tors like Ball and Hatch are thorns in the side
of official Republican do-nothingism. The re-
verse applies to the Democrats where Wheeler,
Crump and Rankin are sources of embarrassment
to the higher-ups. It is not really a statistical
matter. There could be more right-minded Re-
publicans than Democrats. What matters is:
who are the top dogs, or, the men who pull the
strings and ultimately, the men who make the
decisions? -Bernard Rosenberg-
SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 128
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
"ion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices' slio Id be submitted by 11I:10 a.Ii.
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts: There 'will be a special
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature. Science and the Arts in
Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, May 8, 1944, at
4:10 p.m.-Special Order- Corre-
To All Members of the University
Senate: The second regular meeting
of the University Senate will be held
in the Rackham Amphitheatre on
Monday, May 15, at 4:15 p.m.
Abbott and Fassett Scholarships:
Candidates for these scholarships
should apply at once through the
office of the Dean or Director of the
school or college in which they are
registered, since assignments will be
made on or about June 1.
In each case applicants must have
been in residence at least one term.
The Emma M. and Florence L. Abbott
Scholarships are awarded to women
students in any degree-conferring
unit of the University who fulfill the
conditions prescribed by the donor.
The Eugene G. Fassett Scholarships
are awarded to worthy persons of
either sex in the undergraduate
schools and colleges.
Co-Ops hold Personnel Interviews:
Final Personnel interviews for the
summer and fall semesters will be
held Monday, May 8, seven-thirty,
at Palmer House, 912 Monroe. All
applications must be in at that time.
prise got word from the Curtiss
that a new contact had been made.
Immediately, every pilot aboard the
carriers began getting his plane in
shape for a take-off. Finally, at
6 a.m., sixteen scouts were launched
from the Hornet. This was too
many scouts, and everybody aboard
At 6:10 a.m., ;just after the scouts
had left, came a message from the
Curtiss. The enemy had been con-
The tragic fact was that the Cur-
tiss had made this contact at 3:30
a.m., but the Enterprise and Hornet
didn't get the message until two and
a half hours later-illustrating one
of the worst inefficiencies of the
Navy at that time, the slowness of
coding and communication. By the
time the message reached the Hornet,
the sixteen scouts had taken off, and
they could not be recalled.
However, the bomber pilots climbed
into their planes, expecting at any
minute the command to take off.
It was daylight, and they wanted to
hit the enemy before the enemy dis-
covered them. But nothing happened,
Finally, at 8 a.m. came the take-
off order. By that time the Japs
had already sighted us, and U.S.
dive bombers passed Sap dive
bombers in the air.. We lost the
Hornet. The Japs suffered some
damage but no ships sunk. Young-
er officers were convinced we could
have wiped out the laps, had our
pilots got a chance at them two
The Navy, in summarizing this
defeat, was much more severe than
Admiral King. It reported that the
defeat resulted from inexperience,
lack of imagination, hesitance to take
decisive action, slowness of naval
communications and bad luck.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Synd.)
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of
the Rackham Building through May
12, daily except Sunday, afternoons
2 to 5 and evenings 7 to 10. The pub-
lie is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and Design:
Sketches and water color paintings
made intEngland by Sgt. Grover D.
Cole, instructor on leave in the Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
Ground floor cases, Architecture
Building. Open daily except Sunday
9 to 5 through May 16. The public is
Wesley Foundation: Open House
tonight at 8:30 p.m.
Annual Meeting, U. of M. Chapter,
A.A.U.P.: Michigan Union Cafeteria
and Buffet Lunchroom of The Fac-
ulty Club. 6:45 p.m., Monday, May 8..
Election of Officers, Reports, and
Announcements. The Program Com-
mittee has planned a panel discussion
on the Problem of Admissions to the
Privileges of Post-War Education. It
,proposes consideration of these three
aspects of the problem: 1. Scholastic
Standards. 2. Social Screening and
Quotas. 3. Entrance Credentials fo
Foreign Students. The Annual Meet-
ing is customarily open to members
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday, May 7, in Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall at 5:30 o'clock.
Supper will be served at 6 and the
program will follow. Lowell Hasel
will present "An Appreciation of the
Informal Reception for Dr. Sher-
man E. Lee Monday evening, May 8,
in the Far Eastern Art Room, Alumni
Memorial Hall, directly after the
lecture on "The Inner Content of
Chinese Painting," scheduled for 7:30
at the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The reception is under the auspices
of the Institute of Fine Arts and is
open to all students and faculty
members and wives interested in the
art of the orient.
Biological Seminar: Dr. Andre
Dreyfus, zoologist and geneticist,
Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy,
University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, will
speak on his recent research in "Sex
Determination in Telenomus" in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, Wednesday,
May 10, at 4:15 p.m.
The next meeting of the University
of Michigan Section of the American
Chemical Society will be held Wed-
nesday May 10, 1944 at 4:30 p.m. in
Rm. 303 of the Chemistry Building.
Mr. Walter J. Murphy, Editor of
"Industrial and Engineering Chemis-
try," will speak on "The Chemist's
Responsibility in War and Peace."
NEW YORK, May 5.-t is axiomatic that
Franco will get more out of any deal with us,
than we can possibly obtain from any deal with
him. Even if we entered into a contract with
him, whereby we gave him a pencil sharpener
and he paid a million for it, he would still be
FoIr the #mnwritten clause in, every deal with
Franco is the clause which declares that he is
a fit and appropriate party with whom to deal.
Every contract with Franco, no matter what
its specific terms may le, legitimatizes and
certificates his government. Every such con-
tract gives his particular fascist government
an exemption from the general ruin of fascism
which we are planning and preparing.
Thus it is wrong to say that by our new
agreement with Franco, he obtains only oil from
us, while he promises to expel certain axis agents
from Spanish territory and to cut down on ship-
ments of the vital mineral, wolfram, to Germany.
That is only part of the arrangement. The more
important part is that by dealing with Franco
on the basis of contract, we inferentially pledge
ourselves, as men of honor, not to deal with him
on the basis of force, and thus we sell him im-
munity from the otherwise universial catastro-
phe about to befall his particular philosophy of
Any 'fascist would be willing to pay a high
price for that, at this very special hour in the
is always something to be obtained in any deal,
with anybody. The problem lies in the precise
and accurate estimation of the value of each
something. Almost of our natures, we have more
to give than Franco has to offer; for while it
does not matter whether he fawns on us, or spits
at us, our touch confers legitimacy and long life.
By the accidents of war, the extent of our
power, and our place in the world, there is a
kind of glory upon us; and this is true even when
we ourselves choose to deny it, or to act as if
it were not true.
That is what used to hurt so much in our
dealings with the blacker pots and kettles of
French politics. For we almost seemed to be
pretending that we were as small as they were,
that we needed them as much as they needed
So I find myself forced to write in derogation
of our deal with Franco. I hope no one will
accuse me of not being for America first, just
because I happen to have the feeling that our
handclasp means something very special to the
people of the world. I hope it always will, even
when we ourselves protest that it is just five
fingers, like anybody else's.
(bopyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
LecturesiThe Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all of the concerts.
University Lecture: "The Inner Saturday, May 6, 2:30: Geniq
Content of Chinese Painting," by Nemenoff and Pierre Luboshutz, pi-
Dr. Sherman E. Lee, Curator of Far anists; Festival Youth Chorus; Harl
Eastern Art at the Detroit Institute McDonald, Saul Caston and Mar-
of Arts, under the auspices of the guerite Hood. conductors. Songs of
Institute of Fine Arts. Rackham the Americas, orchestrated by Eric
Amphitheatre, 'Monday, May 8, at DeLamarter, and McDonald's Con-
7:30 p.m. certo for Two Pianos; Suite from
the Water Music, Handel-Harty;
University Lecture: Dr. Andre Roman Carnival Overture, Berlioz;
Dreyfuss, Dean ofrthe Faculty of and Faure's Pavane.
Philosophy, University of Sao Paulo, Saturday, May 6, 8:30: Bidu Say-
Brazil, will speak on "Science in ao, soprano; Saul Caston, Conduc-
Brazil and the University of Sao tor. Arias and songs; Overture to
Paulo," Tuesday, May 9, at 8 p.m., -'Die Meistersinger," Wagner; Sym-
Rackham Amphitheatre. This lecture phony No. 6, Tschaikowsky.
is under the auspices of the Depart- Sunday, May 7, 2:30: Nathan Mil-
ment of Zoology. Open to the public, stein, violinist; Gregor Piatigorsky,
mn Z g.p t.violoncellist; Eugene Ormandy,
University Lecture: Dr. Manuel Conductor. All-Brahms program-
Gonzalez-Montesinos, Professor of Academic Festival Overture, A min-
Comparative Literature and Protocol or Concerto; and Symphony No. 1.
Sunday, May 7. 8:30: Rose Bamp-
ton and Thelma von Eisenhauer,
yCroCkett Johns n sopranos; Kerstin Thorborg, con-
tralto: Charles Kullman, tenor;
John Brownlee, baritone; University
Choral Union (assisted by Univer-
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Yes, I'm going there, m'boy. ..To