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May 04, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-04

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_____________________________________11 L'U...-UJ . .U. 41IL VU.5 .. -V 1134 JJ LP . ).~J.

A i~i 4, t44

Fifty-Fourth Year

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Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Editorial Staff
Jane Farrant . . . . . . Managing Editor
Claire Sherman , , . , Editorial Director
Stan Wallace .. . . . . . City Editor
Evelyn Phillips . . . . Associate Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low , . . . , Associate Sports Editor
Jo Ann Peterson . . . Associate Sports Editor
Miry Anne blson . . . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Hall . . Associate Women's Editor
Marjdrie Rosmarin . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office 'at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car:
rter, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
tyre written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Fight Filibuster'
r1E ANTI-POLL-TAX BILL to abolish the
poll tax as a prerequisite to voting in Federal
elections is scheduled for introduction on May 9.
The passage of the bill would bring the free
vote to ten millioin Southerners in eight South-
ertn states. It would deny to Axis propagan-
dists their greatest weapon: the price tag oul
the American ballot box.
The Bill was passed in the House of Repre-
sentatives last May by a vote of 265-110. After
hearings on its constitutionality last November,
it was reported out favorably 12-6 by the Senate
Judiciary Committee. For five months it has
waited for consideration on the Senate floor.
A majority of the Senators are in favor of the
bill. However, they may not be able to -vote at
all. The poll tax Senators have threatened to
filibuster the bill to death.
A filibuster can be defeated in only one way
-fivoking 6f a cloture rule to close debate.
Cloture is the device by which the antiquated
senate rules can be set aside for the simple
basic democratic rule by majority. There is no
principle involved. Cloture does not cut off
free speech. It is purely a technique.
The Anti-Poll Tax Bill must be passed now,
since this is the last chance it will have in the
session of the 78th Congress.
It is up to all of us to see that the bill is
passed. Write to your Senators urging them to
vote ,for the bill and cloture clause.
-Aggie Miller

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'Jemoracy in Argentina'

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NFEW YORK, May 3.-The people of the Ten-
nessee Valley don't want to be saved. Here
Senator McKellar has gone all out on a crusade
to save the people of the Tennessee Valley from
the clutches of the Federal government, as
represented by the Tennessee Valley Authority.
They don't seem to appreciate it. They are, in
fact, hopping mad. Most newspapers in the
Valley (in fact, not a single exception comes to
thind) are defending the TVA, and many of
them are telling the Senator to go duck his head.
What a sad thing it is to oversell one's self on
a theory! Mr. McKellar's Senatorial friends
and supporters have oversold themselves on the
theory that everything that is federal is bad, and
that everything that is local is good. Acting
on this general principle, the Upper House has
passed a set of crippling amendments to strangle
the TVA, in a kind of slow, lingering death.
They have then turned around, with pleased
smiles, to receive the plaudits of the local neigh-
borhoods, thus saved from the octopus of federal
government. Instead of plaudits, they are re-
ceiving dead cats, aged tomatoes, old boots and
other tokens of dismay.
We are therefore in the curious situation in
which we find a federal instrumentality to be
enormously popular on the local level. If you


left it up to the localities, to the people of the
Tennessee Valley, the TVA Would go on forever.
What happens now to theory that the key
struggle of our time is a struggle between local
government and federal government? This has
been a handy issue; no strain on the mind, and
you can talk on it forever. It has led to some
of the dullest rhetoric of all time, about on the
level of schoolboy debates on which is better:
city life or country life? Most people relish a
bit of both.
IT TURNS OUT that the people of the Ten-
nessee Valley want local self-rule, but they also
want a federal agency which has harnessed one
of the dizziest rivers in the world with 16 new
They want to write their own divorce laws, but
they have no objection to a federal plan which
gives them cheap power and electric feed-grind-
ers. They want the best of both worlds.
And it turns out that Senator McKellar and
his friends are now on the outs with both worlds.
For, lo and behold, they are opposing both the
federal government and also the will of the people
of the Tennessee Valley.
Men in American life who are skeptical of
progress have, often enough, run to the Federal
government for cover when the localities were
in a progressive mood, and to the localities for
protection when the federal government was in
a progressive frame of mind. This has been a
continuous wave-motion in our history, for a
century and a half, always accompanied by
much unconvincing talk about eternal prin-
Under the McKellar amendments (unless the
House defeats them) Congress would have to
try its own- hand at something like day-to-day
management of the Tennessee Valley Authority,
including all important hiring and firing, That
shows you how deep some of the current theories
about government go. Isn't Congress a Federal
agency? Doesn't it sit in Washington, much
further from the Tennessee Valley than are the
offices of the Tennessee Valley Authority? This
bizarre "solution" seems to fit our weird day,
in which men are campaigning to become Presi-
dent on the ground that they hate the kind of
government they propose to administer.
What is happening to our Congress? Does it
propose to become an ultimate in itself, op-
posed to both federal government and local de-
sires, sore as a bear, and out of this world?
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
Spring Housecleanig?
With the coming of spring many students will
have clothes they wish to discard. The box for
clothes for the people of Norway is still in the
League. The little effort needed to take the
clothes to the League will help the Norwegian
people a great deal. -Barbara Herrinton

Last night's Cercle Francais come-
dies were never intended to encour-
age the distaff side. In both "Rosa-
lie" and the "Cuvier" the wives pro-
vide the executive touch with a capi-
tal E, while the faculty all-stars in
Courteline's "Client Serieux" ignored
the wife question altogether. All of
which proves that in choosing the
evening's program and in directing
its execution, Professor Koella has
shown his customary good judgment
and able workmanship.
it the fifteenth-century "Cu-
vier," high honors go to Evangeline
Shempp for her easy and properly
raucous leadership in home man-
agement. Madeline Levenberg used
both costume and asperity to great
advantage in setting an example
for all mothers-in-law, present and
future. The resourceful academic
politician of 1943, Richard Kop-
pitch scored again last night as
the husband with a ninth-inning
rebel yell.
Celia Taylor's expert blankness as
the Rosalie of 1900 was gratifying a
la waitress Mildred in "Of Human
Bondage." Shirley Schwartz and
George Patrossian were more than
convincing as a hopeful couple mired
in a slough of pseudo-sophistication.
The three freshmen in "Rosalie" de-
serve congratulations, on the same
level with the upper classmen in the
"Cuvier," for the acting and for their
use of French.
-Edward B. Ham
''he members of the department
of Romance languages who played in
the third play, "Un Client Serieux"
last night are to be congratulated
for having done a truly admirable
job with an excellent play.
Especially outstanding was Pro-
fessor Emeritus Arthur Canfield,
who was the sly and far from im--
partial bailiff. Prof. Marc Denkin-
ger as Barbemolle proved himself a
master of facial expression and
gesture. Prof. Iene Talamon de-
livered his terse statements with
all the sarcasm necessary for his
part. Prof. Koella as the serious
client was, indeed, the picture of
innocence, while Richard Picard
was most convincing as the exas-
perated cafe owner.
It is a bit difficult to believe that
the setting was like any Paris court-
room. However, this offered little
difficulty to the success of the play.
And I, for one, thoroughly enjoyed
the performance.
-Barbara Iferrinton
VOL. LIV No. 126
All notices for The Daily Official Hul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its pmblica-
tion, except on Saturdy when the no-
ies should b submited by 11:3) a.m.
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: There will be a special
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts in
Rm. 1025 Angell Hall. May 8, 1944,
at 4:10 p.m.
This meeting is called for the con-
sideration of Correspondence Study
in the University. Consult pages 1047
to 1057 inclusive of the Faculty Min-
utes which contain the report of the
Advisory Board on University Policies
and the statement by the Executive
Committee of the College on Corre-

spondence Study. _
A large attendance is desired.
To All Members of the University
Senate: The second regular meeting
of the University Senate will be held
in the Rackham Amphitheatre on
Monday, May 15, at 4:15 p.m.
The ten-weeks' grades for Marine
and Navy trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps) will be due
May 13. Only D and E grades need
be reported.
The Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
If more blue cards are needed,
please call, at 108 Mason Hall or
telephone Extension 613 and they
will be sent by campus mail.
We have received announcement of
employment opportunities with the
County of Wayne from the Wayne
County Civil Service Commission.
Application for examination must be
postmarked no later than May 12,
1944. This particular examination is
for Personnel Assistant open to both
men and women with a pay range for
$1,920 to $2,400 on a 40 hour week1
basis. For more details stop in at the

Ihe Pendulum



Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
The Rtegular Thursday Evening
Record Concert held in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building will
be cancelled this week due to the
May Festival. The next program will
be held on May 11, 1944 .
University Lecture: Dr. Andre
Dreyfuss, Dean of the Faculty of
Philosophy, University of Sao Paulo,
Brazil, will speak on "Science in
Brazil and the University of Sao
Paulo," Tuesday, May 9, at 8 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. This lecture
is under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Zoology. Open to the public.
William H. Hobbs, Professor Emer-
itus of Geology, will speak on "Island
Fortresses of the Pacific," in the
Rackham Auditorium on Tuesday,
May 9, at 7:30 p.m., under the auspi-
ces of the A.S.C.E. and A.S.M.E.
Academic Nottces
Directed Teaching, Qualifying kx-
imination: Students expecting to
elect D100 (directed teaching) next
term are required to pass a qualify-
ing examination in the subject which
they expect to teach. This examina-
tion will be held on Saturday, May
13, at 1 p.m. Students will meet in
the auditorium of University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time;
promptness is therefore essential.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate forh June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School on
Thursday, Friday, or Saturday, May
4, 5, or 6 to take the Teacher's Oath.
This is a requirement for, the certifi-
Doctoral Examination for Grace
Louise Orton, Zoology; thesis: "Stut-
dies on the Systematic and Phyloge-
netic Significance of Certain Larval
Characters in the Amphibia Salien-
tia," today, 3091 Natural Science, at
2 p.m. Chairman, N. E. Hartweg.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to



Montana said in a recent radio
forum, "The press as an organ of"
public service for which it was orig-
inally intended, has developed into
a mouthpiece of vested interests. Its
primary responsibility is to its own-
Robert Maynard Hutchins, presi-
dent of the University of Chicago,
having been so commissioned by
Time Magazine, now heads a com-
mittee which is to test the validity
of the above accusation. We may rest
assured that the forthcoming report
will be exhaustive and honest. But,
to do it justice, an analysis of Ameri-
can journalism cannot be completed
in less than two years.
Meanwhile, many people on the
side of the angels are expressing
what I think is undue apprehen-
sion about the influence of news-
papers on the public mind. If ever
there was a time when Americans
could be bulldozed into following
editorialists with the meekness of
lambs being led to their political
slaughter, that time has not been
this past decade. Frequently the
converse has been true: it has
seemed that strong newspaper sup-
port amounted to the kiss of death
for an office seeker.
Voters appeared to be scanning
local papers, making mental notation
of the candidates favored therein,
and carefully camting ballots against
them. An unsuspecting outsider
might go to American papers and
seek light on popular opinion there.
In fact, newspapers have been a
fairly accurate barometer of what
popular opinion is not in this coun-
Editorially, they personify the
small minority-and as such have
a certain nuisance value. I, for one,
see no reason to be fearful of them.
In the last three presidential elec-
tions it has been journalistic heresy
to back FDR. True, President Roose-
velt may be defeatedin November if
hie ruins, But only the most 'shallow
couldeattribute such a prospective
debacle to the persuasive powers of
the press.
At what iloints, geographically,
is the President most certain of
piling up great majorities? Where,
if not the cities of New York and
Chicago? In '32, '36 and '40 they
went almost solidly pro-Roosevelt.
The press in these areas was almost
solidly anti-Roosevelt.
The New York Daily News has the
largest circulation of any paper in
the U.S.A. Its diatribes against the.
New Deal are such as to turn the
stomach of anyone acquainted with
the most elementary facts of life.

The paper with the second largest
circulation in this country is the
Chicago Tribune. The less said of it
the better-since even conscience
stricken publishers look with scorn
on this monstrosity. Its warped
Roosevelt hatred can be matched no-
where short of Der Berliner Zeitung
of which, in many ways, it is a rea-
sonable facsimile. See the oddity of
this correlation: just where the peo-
ple adhere most ardently to President
Roosevelt, there too the press most
vituperatively derides him.
S THE INFLUENCE of the press
purely negative? Ni. People do
not favor FDR simply because news-
papers oppose him. They favor him
irrespective of newspaper views. The
influence of the press upon the popu-
lace as a whole is neither negative
nor positive. It is nil. The union
man who looked at a pay check for
the first time in many months after
President Roosevelt's election, could
not be swayed by a million editorials
in the Patterson-McCormick-Knight-
Hearst - Scripps-Howard dispensary
to the effect that the New Deal was
really injuring the laborer. The pos-
session of a job and food refutes a
myriad of specious arguments.
Do the masses of people vote one
way while their press counsels
them to vote another way because
they are so intelligeht? Partly, yes.
The hollowness of press-prejudice
can soon be seen by the most
unsophisticated. Another element
enters in here, however, and it is
the general illiteracy of the Ameri-
can people. They read nothing;
so how can they be influenced by
anything written? When I assert
that they read nothing, I mean
they read comic strips, gossip col-
umns and headlines, which is to
One school of thought believes that
much of our cynicism and material-
ismi can be traced to the impact pro-
iuced by books written in the '20's.
Archibald MacLeish has called the
authors of these books "The Irre-
sponsibles." Maybe they did spread
their disillusionment too far, too
wide, and too liberally. But, they
could not have produced any effect
at all upon the vast portions of our
society. As Phillip Wylie lament-
ingly reveals in his excellent book,
"Generation of Vipers," less than one
million people (in a nation of over
one hundred and thirty millions)
voluntarily read non-fiction books in
any given year.
So long as it remains largely un-
read, we have little to fear from the
printed page. Also, we have little to
expect from it in a helpful way.
-Bernard Rosenberg

inisson to those who for. sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
tMAay Festival Concerts: The sev-
eral May Festival programs will be
as follows:
The yhiladelphia Orchestra will
participate in all six concerts.
Thursday, May 4, 8:30: Eugene
Ormandy, conductor. Beethoven
Symphony No. 7, and orchestral
numbers by Debussy, Strauss.
Friday, May 5, 8:30: Kerstin Thor-
borg, Contralto; and Charles Kull-
man, tenor, soloists, in performance
of Mahler's song symphony, "Song
of the Earth;" Eugene Ornandy,
Conductor. Mozart Symphony No.
Saturday, May 6, 2:30: Genia
Nemenoff and Pierre Luboshutz; pi-
anists; Festival Youth Chorus; Harl
McDonald, Saul Caston and Mar-
guerite Hood, conductors. Songs of
the Americas, orchestrated by Eric
DeLamarter, and McDonald's Con-
certo for Two Pianos; Suite from
the Water Music, Handel-Harty;
Roman Carnival Overture, Berlioz;
and Faure's Pavane.
Saturday, May 6, 8:30: Bidu Say-
ao, soprano; Saul Caston, Conduc-
tor. Arias and songs; Overture to
"Die Meistersinger," Wagner; Sym-
phony No. 6, Tschaikowsky.
Sunday, May 7, 2:30: Nathan Mil-
stein, violinist; Gregor Piatigorsky,
violoncellist; Eugene Ormandy,
Conductor. All-Brahms program---
Academic Festival Overture, A min-
or Concerto; and Symphony No. 1.
Sunday, May 7, 8:30: Ros'e Bamp-
ton and"Thelma von Eisenhauer,
sopranos; Kerstin Thorborg, con-
tralto; Charles Kullman, tenor;
John Brownlee, baritone; University
Choral Union (assisted by U~niver-
sity Women's Glee Club); Palmer
Christian, organist; Hardin Van
Deursen, Conductor. Mendelssohn's
"Elijah," a dramatic oratorio.
Beginning Thursday morning, May
4, the Hill Auditorium box office
will be open from 9 to 5, and after
7 o'clock in the evening.
Holders of season tickets are re-
spectfully requested to detach be-
fore leaving home the coupons for
the respective concerts, instead of
bringing the whole season tickets.
Concerts will begin on time; doors
will be closed during numbers,




It doesn't pay these days to offend a Con-
gressman, or even his ex-law partner, or to drop
one of his pals from the pay roll. At least it
doesn't pay if you are running an executive de-
partment of the government and the Congress-
man in question happens to be sitting on the
Appropriations Committee.
That is what Secretary of the Interior Ickes
found out the other day when his appropria-
tion bill came before Representative Jed John-
son of Oklahoma, chairman of the sub-commit-
tee which decides how -much money the Interior
Department shall spend.
Congressman Johnson happens to have a
former partner, Sam Wilhite, who has a cer-
tain amount of legal practice among Okla-
homa Indians and some time ago represented
a Pawhuskea Indian woman in the settle-
ment of a will. For this he asked a fee of
Since Indians are wards of the government,
this fee could not be paid out of the deceased's
estate without the O.K of the U.S. Indian Bu-
reau, which is under Ickes.
It went to the Central Indian Bureau, which
looked up the record, found that Attorney Wil-

he had written into his report some scathing
critical language about the Indian Bureau
which had stood out against Jed's ex-law
But one thing in the bill was especially inter-
esting. Although Johnson cut Ickes to the bone,
and curtailed various reclamation projects, the
Oklahoma Congressman went out of his way
to point to two Oklahoma irrigation projects-
Canton and Lugert-Altus-which despite war
economy he considered necessary.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
Carden Fancies
A pamphlet of nearly 100 pages entitled "How
To Grow Parsley" has had tremendous sales in
Poland. It contains speeches by Roosevelt,
Churchill, Sikorski and others. This can be
revealed now because the Nazis have already
discovered it. -The Nation


By Crockett Johnson

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