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May 04, 1944 - Image 1

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Weather
(Cloudy

VOL. LIV No. 126 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Widespread War

Pant

Strikes Continue

Milanov To Appear as Guest
Artist in First Concert Today
Soprano To Replace Baccaloini; Ormandy
To Direct Philharmonic at May Festival
Zinka Milanov, Yugoslav soprano of the Metropolitan will appear as
the solo artist in the first concert of the 51st May Festival at 8:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium.
Madame Milanov will replace Salvatore Baccaloni, who was unable to
appear because of laryngitis. The arias which she will sing include "Ritorna
Vincitor" from Aida by Verdi, "Mariettas Song" from "The Dead City" by
Korngold, "Morro Ma Prima in Gracia" from "The Masked Ball" by Verdi
and "Pace, Mio Dio" from "La Forza del Destino" by Verdi.
The Philadelphia Orchestra under the baton of Eugene Ormandy will
appear in all six concerts at which such famed artists as Nathan Milstein,
Gregor Piatigorsky, Genia Nemenoff and Pierre Luboshutz, Bidu Sayoa,
Rose Bampton, Kirstin Thorborg and' * *

Charles Kullman will perform.
Madame Milanov first came into
prominence in the music world in
1937 when ArturhToscanni engaged
her to sing one of the solo roles in
Verdi's "Manzoni Requiem" at the
Salsburg Festival.
Milanov Well Known on Continent
Before that Madame Milanov was
already well known on the continent.
As a pupil of Milka Terina she sang
in her native city of Zareb, Yugoslav-
ia. She then made guest appearances
in Germany, Italy and the Balkan
States.
Due to the success she scored under
Toscannini she was brought to the
attention of the Metropolitan Opera
Association. She made her Metro-
politan debut as Leonora in "Il Tro-
vatore" on Dec. 17, 1937. She later
appeared in the title role of "Aida"
and "La Gioconda."
Program To Remain Same
The Yugoslav opera star was se-
lected for the role of Amelia in the
revival of "The Masked Ball" and
had the honor of singing Donna Anna
in "Don Giovanni" under the direc-
tion of Bruno Walter.
The rest of the program will be the
same as was originally announced by
the University Musical Society. The
Philadelphia Orchestra will play
"Symphony No. 7, Op. 92" by Beetho-
See MAY FESTIVAL, Page 4
Artisos for Next
Year's Choral
Union Named
Vladimir Horowitz, Fritz Kreisler,
the Boston Symphony and Dorothy
Maynor in addition to six other out-
standing artists and orchestras will
be featured on the 66th Choral Union
series for 1944-45, Dr. Charles Sink,
president of the University Musical
Society, announced yesterday.
As in the past, ten concerts during
the period from November to March
will make up the series. Helen Trau-
bel one of the stars at the 1942 May
Festival, will return to Ann Arbor to
present the opening concert Satur-
day, Nov. 4.
Cleveland Orchestra To Come
The Cleveland Orchestra, under
the guest leadership of George Szell,
noted Czechoslovakian conductor,
will appear Sunday, Nov. 12. Fritz
Kreisler, whose performance of the
Mendelssohn Violin Concerto drew
such warm applause at last year's
May Festival, will be heard Friday,
Nov. 17, while Josef Lhevinne, the
famous Russian pianist, will present
the fourth concert of the Choral
Union series for 1944-45 Monday,
Nov. 27.
Caroll Glenn, the sensational young
woman violinist who last performed
here in May 1942, will give a recital
Tuesday, Dec. 5. Returning to Ann
Arbor for the 14th consecutive year
the Boston Symphony Orchestra,
under the baton of Serge Kousse-
vitsky, will be heard on Monday.
Dec. 11.
To Open Year's Concerts
Vladimir Horowitz, world renown
pianist, will present the first concert
of 1945 Monday, Jan. 15. Dorothy
Maynor, the Negro soprano who was
introduced to the music world by Dr.
Koussevitsky, will be heard on Satur-
day, Feb. 3.
The Westminster Choir under the
direction of John Finley Williamson,
will perform here Sunday, Feb. 11,
while the Chicago Symphony Orches-
tra, under the French conductor De-
sire Defauw will give the last concert
of the 66th Choral Union series at
the beginning of March.
Spring Swing Tickets

EUGENE ORMANDY

U.S. Sea, Air
Forces Clash in
South Pacific
By the Associated Press
Two PT boats and two airplanes
were lost in a clash between United
States sea and air forces in the South
Pacific, Gen. Louglas MacArthur an-
nounced today (Thursday).
Mistaken identity was responsible
for the brief fight last Saturday near
Rabaul, New Britain, in which ac-
curate American gunners brought
down and sank their own comrades.
The cryptic reference to the fight
in today's communique said only two
motor torpedo boats were involved in
the action. But Tokyo radio told of
a recent daring "hit and run raid"
on Rabaul by a squadron of Allied
PT boats.
MacArthur also reported the loss
of two planes in a later heavy attack
on Rabaul, and air sweeps against
Woleai Island in the Carolines and
the Schouten Islands near the north-
western tip of New Guinea. -
Expressions of high optimism over
the Allied military situation in Burma
and India came yesterday from Am-
erican and British officers in New
Delhi.
Their hopes were voiced in the face
of an unconfirmed Tokyo claim that
30,000 British troops had evacuated
their Indian stronghold of Imphal
and an Allied admission that forces
have been withdrawn from Paletwa
in southwest Burma.
Their hopes were based largely on
the slow but steady advance of Lt.
Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's Chinese,
American and native troops through
northern Burma against the opposi-
tion of "one of Japan's most experi-
enced armies."

10 Italians Are
Now Working in
JAG Mess Hall
Status Is Changed
From Prisoners o
War to Co-Belligerents
The status of ten Italians now
working in the mess hall of the Judge
Advocate General's School was
changed Tuesday from prisoner of
war to co-belligerent, it was announc-
ed yesterday by Maj.. Jeremiah J.
O'Connor, executive officer of the
JAG School.
The men are now attached tothe
96th Quartermaster Service Com-
pany, Fort Wayne, and are on de-
tached service at the JAG School
here. The men were under token
guard until they were placed on this
new status.
When the men were in their
prisoner of war uniforms, the Ann
Arbor police received several calls
from disturbed citizens who had
seen them on Tappan Street and
thought they had escaped.
Yesterday the men started wearing
their new service uniforms which are
khaiki colored, have plain buttons
and green bands on the left arms
with Italy written on them in white
letters. In view of the fact that
they are now in these military serv-
ice uniforms, they will no longer
frighten people in town.
The group includes seven privates
or soldati and three non-commis-
sioned officers. The men are under
military training and subject to mili-
tary discipline under the supervision
of the top-ranking soldier in the
group, a sergente-maggiore who serv-
ed in the Italian army for 20 years.
In addition to their duties in
helping with mess, the men receive
basic training and instruction in
language and military matters.
The Italians have been given in-
struction in American terminology
in food to enable them to carry
out their mess dutites more effi-
ciently. Italian speaking students
in the JAG School have been doing
most of the necessary interpreting.
According to Maj. O'Connor, soccer
is the favorite sport of the co-belliger-
ents who are now living in barracks
at the Lawyers Club. The students of
the JAG School have been teaching
them to play baseball and volley ball,
and other games in the parking lot
at the law quadrangle where the
Italians can be seen practicing in the
afternoons.
Russians Raid
Nazi Air Fields
LONDON, May 4, Thursday-(A)-
Widespread Russian air raids on Axis
railway junctions and air fields in
Poland and Romania were an-
nounced last night by the Soviet
communique, which said that on the
ground fronts there still were "no
essential changes." On the thirteenth
day of the land lull.
Overnight, Russian raiders con-
centrated at the junctions of Lwow
and Sambor in Poland, while other
planes struck airfields in the areas
of Stanislawow, in the southeast cor-
ner of old Poland, and Roman, in
Romania, 37 miles west of Iasi.
In the blows at enemy airdromes,
more than 90 German planes were
destroyed on the ground, the com-
munique said, while yesterday 38
Germans were brought down in air
combat and by anti-aircraft fire.

PEPPER ENDS MIAMI CAMPAIGN-Senator Claude Pepper (hat in
hand, above) winds up his campaign in Miami, Fla., with a visit to
workers in a plant there. Pepper shakes hands with a workman just
before leaving for Tallahassee to cast his own vote.
Pepper's Lead Is Smaller i*
Florida Democratic Primary
By the Associated Press

Senator Claude Pepper, adminis-
tration stalwart, kept well out in
front in late returns last night from
Florida's Democratic primary al-
though his margin over the combined
opposition of four other candidates
slipped as the count neared an end.
In Alabama meanwhile, Senator
Lister Hill, Democratic whip, easily
won renomination, piling up a 25,000
Most Meats To
Be Ration Free
Steaks, Roast o Beef
Will Still Take Points
WASHINGTON, May 3.-(P)-All
meat except steaks and roast of beef
became ration free at midnight to-
night but that doesn't mean all the
points that formerly went into ham-
burgher and pork and lamb can be
diverted to bigger and juicier sirloins.
The Office of Price Administration
figures the average consumer can
have more of the items still to be ra-
tioned-steak and beef roast, butter,
margarine, cheese and evaporated
milk.
With the red point allowance slash-
ed to 15 every two weeks beginning
next Monday, each individual will
have only two points every two weeks
for cheese, evaporated milk and mar-
garine unless he cuts steak and but-
ter consumption.
OPA's decision to give cuts of pork,
veal, lamb and mutton a "zero point
value" until further notice reflects
the record run of hogs continuing
to come to market, a "good supply" of
lamb and mutton, and a large back-
log of beef cattle on the nation'sI
ranges.

vote majority over his only rival,
James A. Simpson, in virtually com-
plete returns from Tuesday's election.
Although Pepper held a margin of
7,780 votes over the field with only
205 precincts missing, there was still
a mathematical possibility that a
run-off might be necessary. He need-
ed more than 50 per cent of the total
vote to stave off a second primary.
The count in 1,291 of the state's
1,496 precincts gave Pepper 164,612
votes against a total of 156,832 for
the other candidates.
The results in both states were
viewed by administration supporters
as presaging a Democratic victory in
November while critics saw the big
opposition vote as a sign of increas-
ing anti-administration sentiment.
In both races, opponents of the
senators attacked administration do-
mestic policies and criticized the sen-
ators as invariably going down the
line with the President on major
issues.
Senator Lucas (Dem., Ill., a fourth
term advocate, was one of those who
interpreted the results as enhancing
the possibility Mr. Roosevelt will be
returned to the White House next
November.
(orYorfatioti Taxes
May Pe Streamlined
WASHINGTON, May 3.- (A)-
Confident of overwhelming passage
of legislation simplifying tax laws
for 50,000,000 individual taxpayers,
Chairman Doughton (Dem., N.C.)
announced to the House today that
the Ways and Means Committee nowj
will proceeds toward streamlining
corporation taxation.
Opening a two-day debate on the
so-called "painless tax" bill for indi-
viduals, he called for unanimousI
approval.

4ommencement
Date Is Moved
Up One Week
Exercises To Be Held
june 24 as Result
Of Petitions by Seniors
In response to a petition signed by
more than one quarter of the gradu-
ating classes, the date for commence-
ment exercises has been advanced a
week to Saturday afternoon, June 24
'instead of June 17, the President's
Office announced yesterday.
As a result of this change, the date
for the first final examination period
has been moved back to Saturday
afternoon, June 17. All other plans
for this year's commencement remain
the same.
Reasons Listed by Students
Reasons for the change in date as'
given by the 218 students who signed
the petition are:
(1) Commencement exercises,
which ordinarily form the climax of
a college career, lose much of their
punch if the graduate still has to look
forward to final examinations.
(2) It will be more convenient for
parents of students who plan to come
to Ann Arbor on Commencement Day
and take their sons and daughters
home with them.
In addition, it is thought that the
change will make it possible to in-
clude in the ceremonies the commis-
sioning of several students in the
Army and Navy programs.
Deans Make Decision
The derision to change the date
was made by the Calendar Commit-
tee of the Deans' Conference with
the approval of the deans or directors
of units not directly represented on
the Calendar Committee.
In spite of the later date, seniors
still will not behable to receive thei
diplomas on commencement day.
Because of contractual obligations
of the University with the Navy, it
is impossible to complete student
records and the certification of indi-
viduals for their degrees in time for
the graduation ceremonies. There-
fore, seniors will be presented as can-
didates for degrees on June 24, re-
ceiving their diplomas later if their
final marks entitle them to gradua-
tion
Air Offensive
Hits Germany
In 20th :day
LONDON, May 4, Thursday-(P)--
The twentieth day of an uninterrup-
ted Allied air offensive-whose thun-
derous strokes by official estimate
already have finished off the ability
of,Nazi railroads in northern France
and Belgium to carry the full load
demanded of them by Allied inva-
sion-broke over Germany early to-
day.
The Berlin radio began just before
midnight to issue warnings that hos-
tile planes were over western and
southwestern sections of the Reich;
then Frankfurt and then Stuttgart
went off the air.
This followed a day and evening of
widespread thrusts by U.S. Libera-
tors and American ThunderboltE
against mystery installations of Pas-
de-Calais, across the thin waist of
the channel, in which not a plane
was lost.
Earlier yesterday British Mitchells
and Mosquito bombers drove in
against enemy military targets in
northern France and over the Ger-
man chemical city of Leverkusen

near Cologne, dropping 4,000-pound
blockbusters in a steady stream down
through the reddening darkness.
In the south, the Mediterranean
Air Forces struck Genoa for the fifth
straight night and bombed almost a
score of other targets, including the
naval base of La Spezia, Livorno,
Piacenza, the Florence rail yards,
Parma, Fano, Faenza and Castel-
maggiore.
Bomber Scholarship
Interviews Monday
Interviewing for the 1944-45 Bomb-{
er Scholarship Committee will be held
from 3:15 to 5:15 p.m. Monday in the
League,according to Jean Bisdee, '44,
chairman of Bomber Scholarship.

21,000 Men
Now Idle in
Detroit Area
1,950 Supervisory
Employes Involved
By the Associated Press
DETROIT, May 3.-Strikes con-
tinued in more than a dozen war
plants today with little apparent
progress toward settlements.
Including the new walkout at the
Ford Company of Canada, in Wind-
sor, Ont., a total of some 21,000 war
workers of this immediate area were
idle.
Foremen on strike at Briggs Man-
facturing and Hudson Motors
plants here were joined by 350
foremen at a division of Murray
Corporation of America, bringing
to 1,950 the number of supervisory
employes involved in a dispute over
recognition of the Forman's Asso-
ciation of America.
Meeting at Minneapolis, the In-
ternational Executive Board of the
United Automobile Workers (CIO)
declined to support the Ford strike
in Windsor and urged several striking
groups in Detroit to return to work.
The latter included 1,300 at Re-
public Aircraft, 2,500 at the DeSoto
Warren Avenue plant, and 1,00 at
Kelsey-Hayes Wheel.
The War Labor Board advised
the Foreman's Association of Am-
erica that its order of May 1 diret-
ing strikers at three Detroit com-
panies to return to work needs n
interpretation, and called for im-
mediate compliance.
The Board wired in reply to an
inquiry that "we are unofficially ad-
vised" that a decision by the Na-
tional Labor RelationsBoard, to
whom the disputes were certified by
the Concilation Service "can be rea-
sonably expected very shortly" but
no action will be taken "under pres-
sure of strike, which only prejudices
the position of the Foreman's Asso-
ciation."
Meanwhile the Canadian govern-
ment put an ace conciliator on the
job here today in an effort to end the
second strike at the Ford Motor Com-
pany of Canada where 15,000 em-
ployes are idle.
Meanwhile Alex Parent, president
of Local 195 of the United Automo-
bile Workers Union (CIO) which rep-
resents 10,000 workers in 35 plants
here, including the Chrysler Corpor-
ation of Canada, said an emergency
meeting of the membership would be
held Friday night to discuss action in
support of the Word workers.
Ward's To Have
I nvestigrationt
Inquiry To Be Made of
Seizure, Labor Policies
WASHINGTON, May 3.- ()-
Unanimously, the Senate approved
today an inquiry by its Judiciary
Committee into the government's
seizure of Montgomery Ward & Com-
pany's Chicago properties, but told it
to investigate also the management's
labor policies and events leading to
the seizure.
The House is to act tomorrow or
Friday on a proposal for a separate
investigation, and Rep. Cochran
(Dem., Mo.) announced today he will
oppose it. Cochran, chairman of the
Expenditures Committee, said a
House inquiry would be a waste of
time and money since the Senate
already has undertaken one.

In Chicago, meantime, regional
representatives of the National Labor
Relations Board went ahead with
plans for an election next Tuesday
to determine whether the CIO united
Mail Order, Warehouse and Retail
Employes Union represents a major-
ity of the nearly 6,000 employes.
Union officials protested the order
that the election be held within seven
days time, saying there should be a
wait of at least three weeks. One
said there was a "reign of terror" at
the plants.
Tau Beta Pi Holds
Formal Initiation
Tau Beta Pi. the nationall pnin-

STUDENT POLL TAKEN:
Palmer Pleads for Red uction in iariff Levels
K.> - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _- - - - - - - - - --__ _

Results received yesterday from a
Post-War Council poll on the propo-
sition: "A downward revision of the
American tariff would benefit impor-
tant groups of American consumers
and producers equally as much as it
would benefit groups of foreign con-
sumers and producers" brought 264
affirmative and 82 negative responses
from a total of 426 students polled,
Interpretation
Following is an interpretation ' of
the poll by William Palmer of the
economics department:

Results of Poll of 426 Studen,1ts
A breakdown of the Post-War Couneil pol of stideits on the
question of revising Ameriean tariffs downward follows

SERVICEMEN
Yes ...................146
No .------------..---34
No opinion . ... . . .. 35
CIVILIAN MEN

WOMEN
Yes ... .....
No.
No opinion .....

85
38

trade policy is that we stand to gain
as much from low tariffs, or no tar-
iffs, as do those with whom we trade.
It is the essence of selfish but sound
national policy that we should buy
goods where they can be acquired
most cheaply and that we should sell
goods where they can be sold at most
advantageous terms, whether the
purchase or sale be made in another
country or domestically is immater-
ial.
Drastic Changes Necessary
"In the return to a peace from a
war economy it is essential that the
domestic economy be put in order-

Yes ----...----------

43

'TOTALS.264
No -82
No opinion-.- 80

No ------------------10
'No opinion----...----7

i

I

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