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1 L k ! 1_1AY, MAY 7,, 1944
I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
NEW YORK, May 1.-We are all of us inter-
nationalists, now, except that man in Chicago
and a few of his friends. But many of those who
have accepted the internationalist ritual have
also reserved the right to act as they please.
Theirs is a kind of Sunday internationalism,
perfect in credo but somewhat lacking in acts of
When I hear a man like Governor Bricker pro-
claim the international doctrine, down to the
last article, and then demand permanent Am-
erican possession of Britain's Atlantic bases, I
feel that his mind must be divided into two sep-
arate compartments which communicate with
each other, if at all, only by means of smoke
For with one lobe of his brain he demands
a permanent partnership with Great Britain,
day and Tuesdayd
Bud Low. .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Hall .
Elizabeth A. Carpeni
Margery Batt .
Associate Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. , . .Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
ter . . . . Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: BETTY KOFFMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
WE, THE DELEGATES from Michigan Youth
for Democratic Action and Inter-Racial As-
sociation, wish to thank those Senators and Rep-
resentatives in Congress, who by their courtesy
and attention, helped make our week-end of
lobbying a success.
We prefer to ignore Representative Clare Hoff-
man of Michigan, however.
All the Congressmen, with the exception of
Mr. Hoffman, treated us as their equals; lis-
tened to what we had to say; and commented
on our ideas in a gentlemanly manner.
Mr. Hoffman, however, not only treated us
discourteously and disrespectfully, but also called
us everything from money-wasters to subversive
Why? Because we, students and the future
citizens of this country, dared to think and to
disagree with one of the country's leading red-
We were told by Mr. Hoffman, that we were
wasting our time, and that what we had to
say were not our ideas, but those instilled in
us by subversive organizations.
Mr. Hoffman must have forgotten momentarily
that he once demanded a "March on Washing-
ton," and also was once connected with the
America First Committee, which has been proved
Nevertheless, we, who were exercising our
rights as citizens of a democratic country, and
were supporting an Anti-Poll Tax Measure
that would allow everyone the right to vote,
were called subversive.
We failed to understand why we were treated
so courteously by almost all of our representa-
tives to Congress, and so discourteously by just
We feel that in this case, the majority, and
not the minority, was right.
AN ESTIMABLE publication of long standing,
The Literary Digest made one mis-step in
1932 and thereby signed its own death warrant.
Dr. Gallup and the editors of Fortune had not
yet perfected scientific means of sampling public
opinion. So, when The Literary Digest confident-
ly predicted Herbert Hoover's re-election on the
basis of a straw vote and FDR rode into the
presidency by a thumping majority readers
ceased to believe in the trustworthiness of that
This one error accounts for the demise of a
weekly that once enjoyed supremacy in its field.
But The Literary Digest, popular though it was,
never reached the middle classes as tellingly
as has The Reader's Digest which, along with
Time and Newsweek, has replaced it.
The discerning reader can ferret out some
tid-bits of value from Newsweek if he remem-
bers the guiding genius behind that journal
is Raymond Moley-one time New Dealer gone
sour-who in his ire sees red whenever a pres-
ent-day presidential adviser is mentioned.
Many a column could be devoted to an evalu-
ation of Time, Inc. Suffice it to say that
Henry Luce, the publisher of Time, Life and
Fortune, is the representative of a clique that
would have us fill the boots to be vacated by
a John Bull shorn of his empire. Down with
British imperialism. Here's to Fax Ameri-
cana, says Luce in effect.
So much for the reportorial magazines.
The real opium of the people, whether or not
it ever was the church, is The Reader's Digest.
It has the largest circulation. It distributes the
greatest gobs of pap. For the one time The
Literary Digest erred it errs five times each year.
Millions of people who read The Reader's
Digest read nothing else. It is their sole
source of that peculiar amalgam Americans
call culture. Sheilas titter as they hold off
their boy friends long enough to repeat the
joke; joy boys memorize it the better to shine
at Union dances with sparklingly stadardized
LOOK at the record of The Reader's Digest in
the last few months: Senator Butler's Bad
Neighbor articles, every major statement of
which was set at naught by people who knew
the facts in Washington; the pseudo-scientific
articles by Paul De Kruif set at naught by the
people who knew the facts in the AMA; the
article prophesying starvation in this ,country by
March under the signature of Sidney Bromfield
-set at naught by the calendar; and the articles
by Max Eastman belittling the USSR-set at
naught by the bravery of the Red Army.
The list could be prolonged. But is this not
conclusive enough evidence? Must the mag-
azine predict Tom Dewey's election to the
presidency by acclamation in order for it to
be thrust into disrepute? One wonders what
has become of the wary reader. How could
he have swallowed the principal of condensa-
tion in the first place? Does he not think a
good artele worth reading in its entirety in-
stead of as watered-down by DeWitt Wallace?
Has he failed to detect that the magazine con-
denses only what fits into the picture drawn
by its editors?
Such, I admit, was not always the case. To
begin with, The Reader's Digest was merely a
bad publication. Now it is a poisonous one. Rep-
utable competitors like the New Yorker have
refused to allow their stuff to be reprinted by
The Reader's Digest.
The naive proposal has been made in a letter
to The Daily that this paper adopt "the pro
and con method" of The Reader's Digest. Where
is that pro and con method? Pro reaction and
con labor? Pro Rotarian and con The Protest-
ant? If The Michigan Daily does not present
a definite policy, The Reader's Digest does.
The editors of this paper may be immature,
though this charge will be flung at anyone who
does not resign himself to the rottenness of the
world. How much better, after all, to be thus
immature, than to be as senile and wizened and
palsied as The Reader's Digest has become, in
what, one may hope, is its dotage.
and with the other lobe he recommends that
we take away Britain's watch, chain, and gold
penknife. These bases have some worth, as even
trinkets do, but they are trinkets nonetheless.
Our most important base for keeping peace in
the Altantic is Britain itself. That is the base
we are making the hugest use of against our
enemies at this very moment, and the only
terms on which we can hope to use it, now and
forever, are terms of partnership. To throw
away that partnership for the sake of a few
Atlantic island installations which are likely
to be unimportant souvenirs of this war when
it is over is indeed to snatch at the penny and
lose the pound.
Or it is like endangering the discussion of a
billion dollar merger by swiping too many cigars
from the conference table during the talks. And
by now Mr. Churchill has had to assure the
Commons that he intends to keep the bases; i. e.,
John Bull has closed the cigar box and slipped
it into the drawer, and it is in this awkward
atmosphere that the talks concerning our hopes
for perpetual partnership will now progress.
ACTUALLY, Governor Bricker's demand for
these bases would have followed more logically
from a speech in which he had denounced the
theory of partnership with Britain.
He could have said that we are not going to be
partners with Britain, we do not trust Britain,
we do not think that even 99-year leases on
these bases (which we have) are sufficient pro-
tection; we are going to go it alone in the world,
( and therefore we had better own the bases out-
But the estimable Gov. tells it just the other
way, that we love Britain, she loves us, we must
work together, nothing must come between us,
we must see eye to eye on all world problems, we
must do everything in consultation, and now
how about giving us those bases for our very own
forever? The Gov.'s tale falters in the middle.
It falters at the very point where the Gov's
own brilliant internationalist logic ought to
lead him to say, with the happiest of smiles,
that it doesn't matter who owns the wretched'
bases; as partners, let Britain own them, and
let us use them, or, better, let us both use them,
or, better still, let us, as partners, forget the
whole question for at least 60 out of the 95
years that our leases on these bases have yet to
run. There is something ominous about raising
the question now. The issue of who owns what
is traditionally raised at the moment of disso-
lution of a partnership, not the commencement
The Gov. falters at the very point at which
he could, as a new convert, have offered us an
act of faith. On the theoretical level, he sees
unity among the nations; on the operational
level, he sees us still going it alone.
I call that Sunday internationalism. On one
day each week, the Gov. wants joint action, and
on the other six days he wants bases. He
delivered his speech, as I recall, on a Tuesday.
(Copyight 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
WASHINGTON, May 1.-Underground mur-
murings indicate that cautious, good-natured
AFL leader Bill Green is headed for trouble
within his own ranks. Ironically, the issue will
be his political activity.
Bill, long opposed to active labor participation
in politics-particularly CIO participation-has
been delving a little himself, and some of his
union members are objecting. Chiefly, Bill has
endorsed some of the most reactionary Congress-
men he could find. Here is the roll call:
Martin Dies. After Green endorsed Dies,
AFL unions in Dies' Texas district immediate-
ly repudiated their national leader. They will
Senator Gerald P. Nye, arch-isolationist from
North Dakota opposed by progressive Republi-
can Congressman Usher Burdick. Meanwhile,
Dan Tobin, head of the powerful International
Teamsters' union, announced for Burdick, while
the AFL central council in North Dakota, meet-
ing in Fargo, voted 4-1 to reject Green's instruc-
tions against cooperation with the CIO's political
action committee, which is fighting Nye.
Chicago Tribune Congressmen Fred Busbey
and Stephen A. Day of Illinois. Green's en-
dorsement of them has been repudiated by
the Chicago AFL organization.
Letters sent to various labor leaders by Green,
endorsing Congressmen, are made public from
time to time. but under pressure from AFL
union members. The latest was in Oakland,
Calif., where Green favors the re-election of con-
servative Republican Albert E. Carter. AFL
unions in the area had already agreed to cooper-
ate with the railroad brotherhoods and the CIO
to elect George P. Miller, and they're not going
to change their plans for Green.
(Copyright. 1944, United Features Syndicate)
Not a Memorial .. .
To the Editor:
Once again may I enter my feeble
protest against the use of the term
"Clements Memorial Library," by
This is the William L. Clements
Library, so-called because that is the
traditional method of naming such
libraries, e.g., The Pierpont Morgan
Library (New York), the Henry E.
Huntington Library (California), the
John Carter Brown Library (Rhode
This library is not a memorial,
because Mr. Clements was very
much alive when it was built, and
lived for twelve years thereafter.
The practice of using the name of
the founder is an ancient one, e.g.,
the "Bodleian Library," at Oxford
University in England, because Sir
Thomas Bodley gave the first
It was our friends in Cambridge,
Mass., who really went hog-wild on
this. A man named John Harvard
gave them a few hundred books-and
they named the whole university
after him. But the institution is not
called "Harvard Memorial Univer-
sity." (Incidentally, today they can-
not find the books.)
However, matters are improving. It
is some years since I heard a student,
standing in front of our building,
explain to his girl friend: "That is the
Samuel L. Clemens Memtrial Library,
given by Mrs. Gabrilovitch of Dettoit
in honor of her father Mark Twain."
-Randolph G. Adams
TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 124
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and'Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, May 3, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To Members of the University
Council: The May meeting of the
Council has been cancelled.
To All Members of the University
Senate: The second regular meeting
of the University Senate will be held
in the Rackham Amphitheatre on
Monday, May 15, at 4:15 p.m.
Miss Bartington of the Goodyear
Aircraft Corp., Akron O., will be here
on Wednesday, May 3, 1944 to inter-
view girls for their engineering train-
ing program as well as their College
Staff Training Program. Interested
women please call our office Ext. 371
or stop in the office 201 Mason Hall
for appointments. Bureau of Ap-
Co-ops hold applicant interview:
The personnel committee of Co-op-
eratives is holding a meeting May 3,
for interviews of all those interested
in Co-ops, for the summer or fall
semesters. Applications must be in
at that time. The interviews will be
held at Steven's House, 816 Forest, at
Victory Gardens: Those employees
of the University who applied for
plots for vegetable gardens at the
Botanical Garden may now receive
their plot numbers by calling Mr.
Roszel. It is expected that the plow-
ing will be done within four or five
days, if weather does not prevent. To
provide for plowing, a contribution
of one dollar per person (or group
using a single plot) is requested.
The Hillel-Avukah Study Group
will not meet tonight as planned.
The meeting scheduled for today will
be held next Tuesday at 8 p.m.
Mathematical Logic Lecture: Prof.
Marcel Barzin will discuss Goedel's
theory at 8 o'clock tonight in the
East Lecture Room of the Rackham
Building. The lecture will be open to
The ten-weeks' grades for Marinet
and Navy trainees (other than Engi-
neers and Supply Corps) will be due4
Negro Asks Opportunity
To the Editor:
The bald and unashamed asser-
tions made by Mr. Scott recently in
The Daily were such as to demand a
blunt, head-on rebuttal in addition
to the polite reply by Miss Ligon. I
choose to do it not so much because
from a northern Negro as that, like
most of his readers, I sincerely wish
to have reasonable beliefs regarding
In a most natural manner, Mr.
Scott scoffs at a humanitarian at-
titude toward Negros, is imper-
turbed by injustices to them, and
even urges a continuation of the
same. If reason, justice, humani-
tarianism and democracy mean no-
thing to Mr. Scott, this planet is no
place for him in our time, because
it is precisely for those beliefs that
men are killing and dying, disor-
dering their every activity and
changing the face of the earth.
In reality Mr. Scott does have "rea-
sons" for supporting his partial and
perpetual enslavement of one tenth
of our population, but an examina-
tion of these "reasons" explains why
he would be ashamed to own them.
To the many who believe like him
and to those who do not, let us look
again at the issues.
1. " . . . Negroes want to move into
a white world with no distinction at
Now, it is as dangerous, incorrect
and indefensible for the world to be
claimed by whites as it is that the
Japs or Germans should claim it as
their own. Very obviously it belongs
to no race. Nor does the South in our
own United States "belong" to the
whites who live there. The Negro has
earned a claim to his share. It was
Negro slave labor that drained the
southern swamps, cleared the land,
and worked the land with their bodies
up until the present.
Although they are denied any par-
ticipation in government wherever
feasible, they faithfully answer the
draft, and most certainly pay taxes
from the pittance they are allowed to
earn. Let us say that Negroes want,
with reason, to move into the country
in which they have a stake, with no
such "distinctions" as are frequently
2. Race prejudice is not amenable
to education or force and is as inevi-
table as gravitation.
Mr. Scott did not inherit his tradi-
tional viewpoint. On the contrary, he
is a good example of the efficiency
with which education can shape one's
point of view. I know personally some
whites whose education from early
childhood lets them dismiss race pre-
judice. In many countries in South
and Central America, where there are
many Negroes, as well as in Russia
and England there is no such well
developed prejudice against Negroes
as is practiced commonly in this
The force of gravity is quite the
same in those parts. I refuse to
believe that Southern Americans
are incapable of dealing with Ne-
groes except as by a fearful Cat vs.
Mouse affair termed "nobless ob-
lige" by Mr. Scott.
3. The ideal solution is to have par-
This means that with the adminis-
tration by white officials, for every
possible building and utility there
would be one for whites and one for
Negroes. The South, as the poorest
economic section of the country,
would spend the nation's money and
their own to indulge a juvenile whim.
It means that the Negro in the
South would forever be cursed with
the "leavings" from a meagre table,
and often there would be no "leav-
ings." It would keep alive the ha-
tred between the races so that it
might be exploited by cheap poli-
ticians or the mentally depraved.
Notice that in the recent Detroit
race riot, the rioting was notice-
ably less in the mixed neighbor-
4. "Human beings aren't created
equal, most are trash, and free dem-
ocracy would lead to chaos."
Mr. Scott assures us that Negroes
are by measurement no more inferior
than Whites. The only thing Mr.
Scott feels is wrong witl} Negroes is
that they are "different," and that
particular unknown quality is good
enough reason, whatever it is, to
deny democracy to them. That equal-
ity of opportunity for all to realize
their political, social and economic
needs has always been taken for
granted as the American ideal. This
nation cannot look Negro soldiers in
their faces, demand of them their
lives, without many times more than
this verbal assurance which Mr. Scott
would deny. Without giving such
assurances now and when there is
peace, we shall have no country but
chaos. -James Curtis
May 13. Only D and E grades need
The Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
If more blue cards are needed,
please call at 108 Mason Hall or
telephone Extension 613 and they
will be sent by campus mail.
Seniors in Aeronautical, Civil, In-
dustrial and Mechanical Engineering:
A representative of the Lockheed Air-
craft Corporation, Burbank, Califor-
nia, will be in Ann Arbor Wednesday,
May 3, to interview graduating seni-
ors for positions in computing, draft-
ing (both detail and layout), flight
research, material control, stress,
weight analysis, wind tunnel research,
etc. The primary consideration of this
company is to seek applicants who
reached their twenty-second birthday
on February 1, 1944, and others who
are, or may be in the future, classi-
fied as not susceptible for induction,
such as 1-C or 4-F. Interested engi-
neers will please sign the interview
schedule posted on the Aeronautical
Engineering Bulletin Board, near
Room B-47 East Engineering Bldg.
Interviews will be held in Room 3205
East Engineering Bldg. Application
forms, which are obtainable in the
Aeronautical Department office, must
be completed prior to the interview.
Descriptive literature is also available.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School on
Thursday, Friday, or Saturday, May
4, 5, or 6 to take the Teacher's Oath.
This is a requirement for the certifi-
A Make-Up Examination in Psy-
chology 42 will be given Tuesday, May
2, at 7:30 p.m. in the Natural Science
May Festival Concerts: The sev-
eral May Festival programs will be
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all six concerts.
Thursday, May 4, 8:30: Eugene
Ormandy, conductor. Beethoven
Symphony No. 7, and orchestral
numbers by Debussy, Strauss.
Friday, May 5, 8:30: Kerstin Thor-
borg, Contralto; and Charles Kull-
man, tenor, soloists, in performance
of Mahler's song symphony, "Song
of the Earth;" Eugene Ormandy,
Conductor. Mozart Symphony No.
Saturday, May 6, 2:30: Genia
Nemenoff and Pierre Luboshutz, pi-
anists; Festival Youth Chorus; Harl
McDonald, Saul Caston and Mar-
guerite Hood, conductors. Songs of
the Americas, orchestrated by Eric
DeLamarter, and McDonald's Con-
Academic Festival Overture, A min-
or Concerto; and Symphony No. 1.
Sunday, May 7, 8:30: Rose Bamp-
ton and Thelma von Eisenhauer,
sopranos; Kerstin Thorborg, con-
tralto; Charles Kullman, tenor;
John Brownlee, baritone; University
Choral Union (assisted by Univer-
sity Women's Glee Club); Palmer
Christian, organist: Hardin Van
Deursen, Conductor. Mendelssohn's
"Elijah," a dramatic oratorio.
Beginning Thursday morning, May
4, the Hill Auditorium box office
will be open from 9 to 5, and after
7 o'clock in the evening.
Holders of season tickets are re-
spectfully requested to detach be-
fore leaving home the coupons for
the respective concerts, instead of
bringing the whole season tickets.
Concerts will begin on time; doors
will be closed during numbers.
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of
the Rackham Building through May
12, daily except Sunday, afternoons
2 to 5 and evenings 7 to 10. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Bacteriology Seminar will ,neet
today at 4:30 in Rm. 1564 East
Medical Building. Subject: The
Evaluation of Asepsis and Steriliza-
tion in Hospital Practice. All inter-
ested are invited.
Junior Research Club: The May
meeting will be held at 7:30 p.m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building. The program will be
given by Louis A. Krumholz of the
Institute for Fisheries Research, and
by James B. Griffin of the Museum
Rr. floward McCluskey will speak
at the weekly Inter-Guild Council
luncheon at 12:15 p.m. tomorrow in
Lane Hal]. All members of Inter-
Guild are urged -to attend, and must
make reservations at Lane Hall to-
The Stump Speakers Society of
Sigma Rho Tau will hold a training
session this Wednesday night at
7:30 in Rm. 318 Union. This work
is in preparation for the national
contest to be held soon. All those
who intend to participate this year
are urged to attend. This is a very
important meeting for the Neo-
The Jnternational Center Folk-
Dancing Club will meet Wednesday
at 7:30 in Rm. 305 of the Union.
COL. ROBERT R. McCormick's Chicago Trib-
une and Cissie Patterson's Washington Times-
Herald were justly accused in Sunday's PM as
acting as the unofficial mouthpiece for the 30
accused seditionists in their campaign to use
the trial as a pro-fascist, anti-Roosevelt propa-
There is an old rule which newspapers ob-
serve which says that there shall be no editor-
ializing in news stories. If newspapers have
opinions, they are supposed to be reserved for
the editorial page. The Chicago Tribune has
not observed this rule. Where they have not
been able to editorialize in their news stories,
they have resorted to headlines.
Examples of how they have done this which
were given in PM are "Nation Awaits Smear
Inspired Sedition Trial," "Case To Bare New
Deal Secrets" and "Smythe's Testimony Links
Sedition' Trial to Campaign."
IN OTHER WORDS the Chicago Tribune and
its imitator, the Washington Times-Herald,
have been deliberately trying to mold people's
thinking in regard to the trial.
At one time during the trial there was talk
of limiting the number of newspaper men who
would be allowed in the court room. There was
never any discussion except by Col. McCormick's
Chicago Tribune of excluding all newspaper men
Field work will play a large part
in .~ my ;hc sfieSudv o, Elvy s,
I'll also settle the etymological
I controversy on the generic name
h Why are you taking Mom's
t ape measure, Mr. O'Malley?
By Crockett Johnson
We must measure the craniums
and shinbones of all the Little 11