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SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 123
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no,
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, May 3, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: There will be a
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts in
Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, May 1, 1944
at 4:15 p.m.
Notices of this meeting and the
proposed agenda and reports have
been distributed through campus
.i "mac:-' ti<.-, ",:="
Yx ' y! /'"a/
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
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otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943.44
NIGHT EDITOR: LOUISE COMINS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Northerner Gives Racial Views
T HE Navy suffered a great loss Friday with the
death of Frank Knox. President Roosevelt
said that it might be termed a minor military
Knox is largely responsible for the strong
navy we have today. He rebuilt our navy into
the. world's largest after the heavy losses we
suffered on Dec. '7.
The colors are being displayed at half-mast on
all ships and shore establishements of the navy
in memory of Knox.
At the time Knox was first appointed he faced
severe political criticism in order that he might
do what he considered his duty. Republicans and
Democrats alike were united in their grief over
his death h -Doris Peterson
BY THIS time it should be apparent to every-
one interested that it will be Roosevelt vs.
Dewey in the forthcoming presidential election
along with the usual number of minority can-
didates who, for all practical purposes, may be
safely disregarded. The recent Massachusetts
primary may probably be taken as fairly rep-
resentative of the feelings of the Democrats as
to their non.inee, and in this .election the Roose-
velt majority was so pronounced as to preclude
any other candidate.
Indeed, it would be political suicide for the
Democratic party to place anyone else but Roose-
velt on the ballot since it is obvious that the
party, as such, is shot through and through by
dissensions, factional disputes, and other marked
evidences of grave internal disunity.
Only a man with the reputation, political in-
tegrity, and huge following among the masses
of the laboring and agricultural classes that
Roosevelt can boast, could possibly succeed for
We can only wonder what will happen when
he finally does pass from thie scene and his party
is forced to rely upon itself as a unit. One-man
domination is fine as long as it lasts, but when
it goes, the subsequent results are very likely
to be chaotic. ,
On the Republican side of the fence, the huge
number of pledged delegates already in the
Dewey fold, together with the many more which
will come in before Convention time, practically
assures his nomination. Although McArthur,
Stassen, Bricker and some others have been in
the news lately, their actual weight does not ap-
pear to be very great. .
HE ISSUES involved between the two men is
a subject rife with speculation. It would be
stupid to suppose that the '.'fourth term" will
come in for any great discussion, as nothing
was gained in the previous controversy over the
Personally, I feel that the campaign battles
will be fought on domestic rather than per-
sonal issues with a liberal amount of mud-
slinging from the Democratic side regarding
Dewey's qualifications, or lack of them, for
the office. It would be futile for the Repub-
lcans to make an issue of the conduct of the
war, since we are apparently winning it and
have taken a few preliminary steps toward a
just and- equitable peace. Some might quarrel
with the methods of conduct'of the war, but
on the whole there is very little to tear down
along that line.
To the Editor:
In answer to Mr. Scott's letter, as a white
Northerner I should like to point out some errors
in his thinking. One of the most fundamental,
as I see it, is his repudiation of democracy.
I do not think that a large number of
people, perhaps the majority, are trash. I
cannot fairly judge another's position nor
what is best for. him.. If I take it upon my-
self to judge, disregarding him, that is
tryanny, against which the only defense is
democracy. It is not always a good defense
but it is the only one.
I would prefer to live under a demagogue who
was elected by a majority of the people of this
country (Southern politicians, one is reminded,
- - - - - - - ------ - - - - --- - ---
By Samuel Graf ton
THE SUBJECT of war aims is reopened by Gen-
eral George S. Patton's blast to the effect
that the United States and Britain are going
to rule the world.
There is some question as to whether Russia
was included by the General or not. One can well
imagine the scene in the Kremlin, as Stalin and
his aides hung feverishly around the news ticker,
waiting to find out from London whether they
were in or out. Then the great moment of relief,
the happy drinking of Russian toasts, when it
was finally made certain that General Patton
did, by George, include Russia in his world
scheme. It was touch and go, for a while.
But to return to war aims: Here we keep
worrying about whether G. I. Joe knows what
he's fighting for, and, lo and behold, we now
find we have a general on our hands who
could obviously use a few orientation lectures.
But who would give those lectures? Who
The incident breaks up our happy concentra-
tion on. the theory that it is G. I. Joe alone who
needs to be told what we are fighting for; as if
poor G. I. Joe were the only confused American,
the only one not sharing some great secret pos-
sessed by the rest of us. At what point in the
Army's standard table of organization should
one say that wisdom about war aims commences?
Shall we hold that every aspect of the problem
comes at the level of captain? Or is major the
lowest rank at which full wisdom about war aims
becomes standard equipment, along with the
The plain truth is that the whole country
needs to take lessons in this field; that we are
not quite ready to' "orient" anybody, because
we have not yet oriented the orientators.
I KNOW of one newspaper publisher who really
believes, bless his simple heart, that our secret
war aim is to make Franklin D. Roosevelt the
first President of the World. If a great big pub-
are not elected by a majority of their constitu-
ents.) rather than to live under any combination
of the intellectually or, more realistically, eco-
nomically powerful elite.
Has Mr. Scott never heard of countries where
the color line is not drawn? The most widely
quoted example is Brazil, where class distinc-
tions are economic rather than racial. If the
racial amalgam has been effected there, if the
two races are there not separated by nature-
this difference of the Negro and white cannot
be an intrinsic one.
Mr. Scott suggests the "parallel civilization"
solution . . . this is a gloss rather than a solu-
tion. It is economically and politically impos-
sible for two civilizations to occupy the same
place - one being seated from the front of the
bus back, the other from the rear forward.
I am realistic, even pgssimistic. I am dis-
mayed and frightened by the race riots, by
the practical results of undemocratic pro-
cedures. I think it is the worst sort of opti-
mism to believe that we can continue in this
fashion (did some one say "half slave and
half free"). The world certainly is a hell
of a place. It very probably will continue to
be if, like Mr. Scott, we fold our hands and
say, "tough, pal."'W
Helen Frances Simpson
lisher fellow, with wire services at his disposal,
and correspondents whom he can send every-
where to get him information, can be as muddled
at Ithat, and if a general can think our war aim
is to rule.the world, why blame poor G. I. Joe if
he finds it hard to snap to attention, and instant-
ly reel off the schedule of our desires with regard
to Germany, Iceland and Korey?
Our soldiers' confusion is our own confusion,
for they are flesh of our flesh, muddle of our
muddle. We can help them to think clearly,
but only by thinking clearly ourselves and by
insisting on clear thinking in others. If, in
your own little circle, cracks about our allies
are acceptable social currency, then you have,
to that degree, contributed your own bit to the
somewhat puzzled stare our soldiers are pur-
ported to turn on the issues in this war. '
If the isolationist putsch which has thrust Mr.
Willkie out of the Republican race seems to you
merely amusing, and not a clear alarm signal,
then you have made still another contribution
If you are so galled by recent reform laws
(which are not so recent anymore) that your
entire conversation has dwindled to a repertory
of jokes about Eleanor, then, again, you have
iade a contribution to that lack of vision, with-
out which, we are told, the people perish.
For we are not hiaving trouble with war aims
merely because we have lost them, somewhere,
like a laundry list. It turns out that the place in
which to look for war aims in in your own heart.
If 'there is nothing there, there will be nothing
on any list. I know we shall find our war aims,
in the end, for we are a moral people. The danger
is we won't find them until the war is over. That
would be the worst case of too little and too late
in the record of the whole conflict.
(Copyright. 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has a re-
quest from one of the better boys'
camps for two college men to work
as supervisors during the summer.
The salary is $100 a month plus
maintenance. For further details, call
at the office of THE BUREAU OF
APPOINTMENTS AND OCCUPA-
TIONAL INFORMATION, 201 Mason
Hall. Office hours are 9 to 12 a.m.
and 2 to 4 p.m.
Victory Gardens: Those employees
of the University who applied for
plots for vegetable gardens at the
Botanical Garden may now receive
their plot numbers by calling Mr.
Roszel. It is expected that the plow-
ing will be done within four or five
days, if weather does not prevent. To
provide for plowing, a contribution
of one dollar per person (or group
using a single plot) is requested.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School on
Thursday, Friday, or Saturday, May
4, 5, or 6 to take the Teacher's Oath.
This is a requirement for the certifi-
Mathematical Logic Lecture: Prof.
Marcel Barzin will discuss Goedel's
theory at 8 p.m. on Tuesday, May 3,
in the East Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. ,The lecture will
be open to the public.
Seniors in Aeronautical, Civil, In-
dustrial and Mechanical Engineering:
A representative of the Lockheed Air-
craft Corporation, Burbank, Califor-
nia, will be in Ann Arbor Wednesday,
May 3, to interview graduating seni-
ors for positions in computing, draft-
ing (both detail and layout), flight
research, material control, stress,
weight analysis, wind tunnel research,
etc. The primary consideration of this
company is to seek applicants who
reached their twenty-second birthday
on February 1, 1944, and others who
are, or may be in the future, classi-
fied as not susceptible for induction,
such as 1-C or 4-F. Interested engi-
neers will please sign the interview
schedule posted on the Aeronautical
Engineering Bulletin Board, near
Room B-47 East Engineering Bldg.
Interviews will be held in Room 3205
East Engineering Bldg. - Application
forms, which are obtainable in the
Aeronautical Department office, must
be completed prior to the interview.
Descriptive literature is also available.
The ten-weeks' grades for Marine
and Navy trainees (other than Engi-
neers) will be due May 13. Only D
and E grades need be reported.
The Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
If more blue cards are needed,
please call at 108 Mason Hall or
telephone 613 and they willbe sent
by campus mail.
Doctoral Students: The thesis dead-
line for students expecting to receive
degrees in June has been changed to
May 1. We cannot guarantee that
students failing to meet this deadline
can complete the requirements for
their degrees by the end of the
Doctoral Examination for James
Octavius Osburn, Chemical Engineer-
ing thesis: "Structure in the Applica-
tion of Diffusion Theory to Extrac-
tion," Monday, May 1, 3201 East En-
gineering Building, 2 p.m. Chairman,
D. L. Katz.
;By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
"The world's tomorrow waits on us
Who live the world's today,
And by our day's timidities
Ages to come betray."
In these lines Robert Whitaker lifts
the challenge which all true and
earnest men appreciate in our time.
The stakes are so great that only the
fearless can freely act. Yet the timid
also would be true; how shall they
behave? The moral struggle is poised
between action and contemplation.
On one hand are the men who go
forward as if by instinct rather than
reflectign, who have an over-supply
of nerve and an inconquerable will;
opposed are the philosophers who can
penetrate by mind a thougand
pockets of possible experience and
have today the events which in prac-
tical life must wait two generations
Granted, it is the man of action,
those bold extroverts who can re-
tool our factories quickly, in twelve
months can raise a fighting force
of seven million men, strike hands
with the very Soviets whom they
propogandized into disrepute four
brief years ago, and fall upon the
enemy from the air, the sea, and
the land in an all-out sure defense.
But before we go completely over
to the extroverts, we do well to re-
,mind ourselves that it was' the
German extroverts who developed
Theories of geopolitics with central
Europe the heartland and that
strange revised anthropology by
which the Aryan is seen as God's
elect while the Jews with all other
heavy pigmented persons, become the
object of persecution, would have
been merely so much speculation if
left to the philosophers, and the
dreamers. It was the extrovert who
could whip up a series of invasions
but could not anticipate the possible
results of his action, who set up the
world at war. The poet 'continues in
two more stanzas by shifting his
ground from action versus thought to
the motives of men:
"Who sells, for bread and butter now,
The birthright of the whole,
Lays upon children yet unborn
"They sleep onka volcano's crust
Who only comfort seek;
And all their strength is less than
Whose strength serves not the
Edward WI Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Sociology 51: Section 1 which meets
at 8 MWF will not meet Monday
morning. The meeting will occur at
7:30 P.M. in room 216 Haven Hall.
A Make-Up Examination in Psy-
chology 421willbe given Tuesday, May
2, at 7:30 p.m. in the Natural Science
Carillon Recital: A program of folk
songs. will be heard at 7, o'clock
tonight when Professor Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, will play airs
from Scandinavia, Russia, the Bal-
kans, Mexico, South America and
Student Recital: Jeannette Haien,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music
at 8:30 this evening in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. A student of John
Kollen, Miss Haien will play compo-
sitions by Beethoven, Chopin, (Liszt
The public is cordially invited.
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of
the Rackham Building through May
12, daily except Sunday, afternoons
2 to 5 and evenings 7 to 10. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Society of Women Engineers: There
will be a compulsory meeting at 2
p.m. today in the League. Reorgani-
zation will be 'discussed.
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon at 4:30 in
the Fireplace Room, Lane Hall.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet at 5:30 o'clock in Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall. This is an im-
portant meeting because it is the an-l
nual election of officers. Miss Vir-
ginia Rock has arranged a short de-
votional service to follow the supper
The Congregational-Disciples Guildt
will meet at five o'clock at the Con-
gregational Church. Lt. (g) E.
Meany, Jr., Educational Officer for
the V-12 Naval Unit, will speak on
"GI Religion - Its Obligations and
Privileges." There will be opportunity
for discussion. Cost supper.
Monkeying with Wards .,..
To the Editor:
The administration apparently con-
tends that Montgomery Ward is a
war plant. To substantiate this in
Saturday's Daily Ann Fagan in "Keep
Moving" lists four factories owned
by Wards which produce paints, var-
nishes, fencing material, farm ma-
chinery, and the Hummer Mfg. Co.,
a division of Wards, which manu-
factures carburetors, propellors, and
gun mounts for military aircraft. But
you do not mention the fact that not
one of these plants is concerned in
the government seizure order. Let's
not for get that it is Montgomery
Wards great mail order department
store which is affected.
If you knew anything about war
priorities you know that any prefer-
ence rating extended these companies
could not be used by the mail order
division. Furthermore, may I point
out that issuance of a priority does
not necessarily constitute a recogni-
tion of the recipient as a "War Plant."
Did you know that practically anyone
owning property or a business can
get a A-10 priority for "maintenance
and repair"? This does not make him
a whr plant.
The fact is that it still remains
to be shown that Montgomery
Ward's mail order house is a war
plant, and further that the action
taken by the President was the
only possible, the only democratic
solution to this problem.
Now if you'll bear with me, I'll
present the thoughts of most Re-
publicans and a good many Demo-
crats on the issue. Quoting frm As-
sociated Press dispatches:
"Avery (of Montgomery Ward
Co.) signed the original contract
with the union in December, 1942,
at the instance of President Roose-
velt in the role of Commander-in-
chief. Wards protested against in-
clusion of a maintenance of union
That agreement expired December
8, 1943. Naturally the WLB knew of
the expiration, but it did nothing. It
also knew that the management
claimed the union no longer repre-
sented a majority of the 5,500 em-
ployees, did nothing to settle the is-
sue and four months later the strike
THEN things started to happen.
WLB ordered the company to ex-
tend the expired contract with CIO.
The company refused on grounds that
the union no longer represented the
employees. Ah, here was the other
side of the story. But that would never
do, for there must be only one side-
the "Screw Deal" side.
So President Roosevelt odered
Montgomery Wards to capitulate
and sign on the dotted line. The
company stood behind its guns,
for it felt it had some rights-some
of them constitutional, no less.
To make a long story short, Roose-
velt and Biddle pulled a "Himmler"
and the army moved in.
Here was a fight between labor and
management, not involving a war
plant in any way (Have you ever
heard of a Montgomery Ward em-
ployee being deferred because he was
in an essential war industry?). Pres-
ident Roosevelt after much pondering
and consulting, I presume, arrived at
the conclusion that army occupation
was the only solution. (To- be taken
"cum grano salis"-a big one).
Now I'm too young to be president
and will probably be too old by the
time Roosevelt gives up, but even I
thought of a solution which was so
much simpler, which would have
caused so, much less ill feeling, and
which would have been so much more
democratic. But since it was the
democratic thing, obviously it was
Here Is my suggestion: why not
take a vote among the employees to
see if the CIO really does represent
the desires of the, employees? If
the majority wants the CIO, give it
its union. If the majority is-against
the CIO, throw it out. Then if any
compulsion is required, let it be in
the form of enforcing the results of
this democratic poll.
Instead, troops have moved in, Ber-
lin and, Tokyo scream "Internal
strife," long costly law suits are de-
veloping (remember that we tax-
payers foot the bill for the govern-
ment's lawyers), much valuable time
is lost for the army, Department of
Commerce, Congress, etc., to say
nothing of the wonder in the minds
and hearts of many people about
democratic ideals and such.
Mr. President, I recently order-
ed front monkey's catalogue a new
back brush, pair of six (size 12),
a rattle for my little son, and a
pocketbook for my wife. I didn't
order a tank, airplane, gun, or
any other piece of war equipment
h Tlmimp rn+ramn UQWarA cn+t
By Crockett Johnson
The only way to convince your
parents that I exist, M'boy, is
. , t ....
The custodians of the Library
of Congress reading room and
Aa. nf.a.D..Mof fa Fiaer.
They apologetically referred me 1 intend to bring your father
to Chaucer, Spencer, Shakespeare, incontrovertible truth, m'boy.
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