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April 29, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-29

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VOL. LIV No. 122 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Ward Case To Be.
Probed by Senate
Avery Re-Elected Board Chairman
By Stockholders; Gets 'Full Confidence'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 28.-A double-barreled Congressional investiga-
tion of the Montgomery Ward case was in prospect tonight as angry
critics of seizure of the firm's Chicago plants asked whether the Government
would now take over "hamburger stands" and whether Attorney General
Biddle wants to be an "American Himmler."
Chairman McCarran (Dem., Nev.) of the Senate Judiciary Committee,
announcing he already had dispatched an investigator to Chicago, declared
his committee was determined to "get to the bottom of this case."
Across the Capitol, a resolution for an inquiry was forced to the House
floor by an angry coalition of Republicans and Democrats who squeezed it

Secretary of Navy Knox Dies at 70;
U. S. Heavy ombers Strike France

'Tripleheader'

Sewell Avery
Is Gradu ate of
VU Law School
By DOROTHY POTTS
Sewell Lee Avery, the man with
another industrial fight on his hands,
was a '94 graduate of the University
and left with a degree in Bachelor
of Laws and a Delta Tau Delta pin,
Alumni Office records show.
Described as "America's Number
One Business Man," he abandoned
law when he left Ann Arbor and
since then has been active in business
and manufacturing.
He holds membership on the boards
of directors of Montgomery Ward
and Co., U.S. Gypsum Co., U.S. Steel,
Commonwealth Edison Co., Armour
and Co., Chicago Daily News, Conti-
nental Illinois National. Bank and
Trust Co., American Liberty League,
Container Corporation of America,
Chicago Western Railroad in addi-
tion to serving on civic and national
commissions.
His fraternity magazine has noted
that "he is of the Republican faith
and a noted foe of the New Deal."
After graduation from law school
he did not return to Saginaw, his
home town, but took a post with the
Alabaster Co. After its consolidation
See SEWELL, Page 4
Dental School
Will Begin New
Class in June.
In view of the recent rulings of the
Selective Service System which stip-
ulate that all deferments for pre-
medical and predental training shall
be closed July 1, 1944, the School of
Dentistry will begin a new class June
30, 1944, for a limited number of
students who will have completed the
full admission requirements yDean
Russell W. Bunting announced yes-
terday.
With the Student Roster as such
abolished, another class will begin
Nov. 2, 1944, for those who will not
be ready by June 30 and who will be
allowed to continue their preprofes-
sional studies through the summer,
completing their preparation by the
beginning of the fall term.
The names of all students who are
planning to enter the School of Den-
tistry June 30 must be registered
with the dental school office as soon
as possible, and Form 42-A Special
must be filled out by the prepara-
tory college.
19 Killed as Navy
Transport Crashes
By The Associated Press
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz., April 28.-(A')
-Nineteen mangled bodies were re-
moved tonight from the wreckage of
a Navy transprt plane which crash-
ed early today, 30 miles southeast of
the mountain town, killing or injur-
ing all of 23 men aboard.
The Coconino County Sheriff's of-
fice definitely identified the plane
after establishing short wave com-
munication with a rescue party of
deputies and Naval officers from
Win'slow, Ariz.

through a tumultous session of the
Rules Committee by one vote.
Vote "of Confidence Received
In Chicago, meantime, Board
Chairman Sewell Avery whose de-
fiance of a War Labor Board order
led President Roosevelt to direct sei-
zure of the company's plant there,
was re-elected and received a vote of
"full confidence" from Montgomery
Ward's shareholders. The company
also opened a fight in Federal Court,
contending that the seizure was un-
constitutional. Attorney General
Biddle replied that the President had
power to enforce the WLB's orders.
McCarran said he sent the investi-
gator to Chicago under authority of a
recent Senate resolution calling for
an investigation of executive orders
issued by President Roosevelt. He did
not disclose the investigator's name
but said he left for Chicago last night,
is an attorney, and "talked with me
by long-distance telephone today."
Byrd Introduces Proposal
Senator Byrd (Dem., Va.) earlier
introduced a proposal for a special
inquiry, saying the seizure raised the
question whether Biddle has "an am-
bition to become an American Himm-
ler."
McCarran called Byrd's resolution
"timely but a little late."
"I suspect," he added, "that Sen-
ator Byrd was not aware the (Judi-
ciary) Committee had already under-
taken this investigation."
Ma y Class of
Co. ATo Leave
Campus Soon
The May class of Company A will
leave campus after their graduation
ceremonies Saturday, May 20, Uni-
versity officials announced yesterday.
Capt. George G. Spence, the com-
pany's commanding officer, said that
replacements will far outnumber the
graduates and they are expected to
begin arriving in Ann Arbor on May
25. He said that "this increased
number of students shows that the
War Department is sold on the job
that the University of Michigan is
doing in training men."
The graduating class comprises
about half the number of men who
are now in Company A. They have
been stationed in Ann Arbor for spe-
cialized training since January, 1943.
Soldier Choir
To Broadcast
The Soldier Choir of Company A
will sing on a coast-to-coast broad-
cast on the Blue- network at 6 p.m.
today, it was announced by Stanley
Amdurer, choir manager.
The Choir, which will be guests on
the weekly Detroit USO Army show,
will sing "A Soldier's Goodnight," hit
tune from the company's show, "Nips
in the Bud." Cpl. Robert Miller will
be the featured soloist. The 40-man
choir will also sng "A Violin Is Sing-
ing in the Street," a Ukrainian folk
song. Cpl. Joseph Running is choir
director.
Members of the choir known to the
campus audiences for their perfor-
mances in "Tom Sawyer" are John
Arthur Flynn, Frank Haley and
Harold Folland.

Hits German
Fortifications
Allied Sorties Reach
2,800 in14 Days of
'Pre-Invasion' Attacks
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 29, Saturday-The
first triple-header American heavy
bomber strike highlighted widespread
attacks on German air bases and
fortifications in France yesterday,
and brought to approximately 2,800
the number of Allied-British-based
sorties during the 14th straight day
of the "eve-of-invasion" sky offen-
sive.
The attacks, which cost the Ameri-
cans four bombers and three fighters,
followed up a 1,000-plane, 3,500-ton
RAF night assault on the Nazi tech-
nical center of Friedrichshafen and
other important targets.
Since Wednesday midnight the
Allies'have been dropping an average
rate of 6/ tons of bombs per minute,
night and day, on Axis objectives,
and the German radio late last night
indicated the unprecedented assaults
were entering the 15th day when it
warned that Allied planes were ap-
proachinghnorthwest Germany.
Two fleets of Flying Fortresses,
each about 250-strong, roared out
yesterday morning and hit the big
Avord airdrome 130 miles south of
Paris, and coastal fortifications in
the Cherbourg area. About 500 Thun-
derbolt and Mustang fighters escort-
ed one bomber formation to Avord,
while the bulletin made no mention
of escorts for the fleet which attacked
the Cherbourg sector, 70 miles across
the Channel.
JAG's To Hear
Gen. Cramer
60 New Lieutenants
Will Graduate Today
Maj.-Gen. Myron C. Cramer, the
Judge Advocate General of the Army,
will make the commencement address
at the graduation of the Fifth OC
Class of JAG School at 9:30 a.m.
today in Hutchins Hall.
The 60 candidates who graduate
today were sworn in as second lieu-
tenants after a parade was held yes-
terday in the Law Quadrangle.
Brig.-Gen. Adam Richmond, who
recently returned from the North
African theatre of operations, Brig.-
Gen. John M. Weir, assistant Judge
Advocate General, and Col. Robert
M. Springer, in charge of personnel
and training as assistant Judge Ad-
vocate General, attended the gradu-
ation from Washington, D.C.
Officers To Take
New JAG Course
Fifty officers of the first Contract
Termination Course in Judge Advo-
cate School will arrive today and to-
morrow in Ann Arbor, it was an-
nounced by Col. Edward H. Young,
commandant.
Some of the members of the staff
and faculty of the Finance School,
Duke University, will assist in the
preparation and instruction of part of
a course in fiscal matters. First
Lieutenant Harry J. Pasternak,
JAGD, will also assist regular mem-
bers of the staff and faculty in the
instruction.
Present plans contemplate training
four such classes containing a total
of about 200 officers.

Successor to
Post MayBe

GIBRALTAR--The rock of Gibraltar is pictured under the guns of HMCS Prince Robert as the Canadian
anti-aircraft cruiser steams by. This is a Canadian Navy photo.

Readjustment of
Packard Traffic
Signals Made
Readjustment of the traffic signal
at the intersection of Packard and
Stadium Blvd., scene of two fatal ac-
cidents within the past 30 days, was
the first step taken toward making
the crossing safer, Maurice F. Doll,
chairman of the city council's traffic
committee, said yesterday.
The time interval for the amber
"caution" light has been lengthened
from three and one-half to five sec-
onds, Doll said. Results of the in-
vestigation conducted by the com-
mittee will be made public Monday
night at the meeting of the Common
Council.
Investigations Continued.
Meanwhile, S. J. Levine, of the
Plymouth branch of the State High-
way Department, and other highway
department officials from Lansing,
continued investigations yesterday of
possible causes for the series of ac-
cidents.
Inquiries by highway department
officials have been under way since
April 13, shortly after Washtenaw
County Undersheriff Fred Sodt,
prompted by a major accident at the
crossing March 31, warned State
Highway Commissioner Charles M.
Ziegler of the danger spot.
Prof. Morrison Gives Suggestion
Prof. Roger L. Morrison of the
University's transportation engineer-
ing department, suggested that to
uncover causes for the accidents, in-
vestigators record volume of traffic,
speeds and observance of the traf-
See SIGNALS, p. 4
Student Nurses
Receive Caps
Speaking at University School of
Nursing capping ceremonies held at
8 p.m. yesterday in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, Major Edna Groppe
pointed out that the "release of reg-
istered nurses to the services is in
no small measure made possible by
the contributions of student nurses."
Over 140 freshman students of
nursing, the largest class in the his-
tory of the school and the first to
enter training under the Cadet Nurse
Corps program, were capped.

COOPERATION WITH ALL:
Deutsch Lists Trade as Need
Of Small Nations A fter Victory

"If we accept goods and services of
the small nations to pay back their
loans, we will mutually increase trade
and will not have to make provisions
for unemployment here," said Dr.
Karl Deutsch in listing the wants of
World News
at a Glance
By The Associated Press
Navy Bombs Guam ...
WASHINGTON, April 28.-Guam,
former U.S. possession overrun by
the Japanese in the Pacific, was
bombed by the Navy and despite the
presence of Japanese planes on the
ground, no attempt to offset the
American attack was made.
Reds Kill 800 Nazis.. .
LONDON, April 29, Saturday-
Red Army troops killed 800 Ger-
mans and Hungarians in repulsing
attacks southeast of Stanislawow
in former Poland yesterday, and
Soviet long-rangeaircraft touched
off fires and explosions Thursday
night in a mass attack on Lwow,
65 miles northwest of Stanislawow.
New Guinea Bombed -...
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, New Guinea, April 29, Satur-
day-American Army and Navy fli-
ers, seeking to forestall any Japanese
attempt to bolster the crippled Nip-
ponese air arm on. New Guinea,
poured more than 300 tons of bombs
on enemy airdromes from the west-
ern tip of the huge island to Rabaul
and Kavieng in the east.
U' Professor Appointed
To U.S. Mediation Board
WASHINGTON, April 28. - (P) --
The National Mediation Board an-
nounced today the appointment of
Dr. I. L. Sharfman of the University
of Michigan as chairman of a special
arbitration board to resolve a dis-
pute over vacations arising out of the
National Railway Wage Case settled
by the President last Janaury.

the small nations of Europe to the
Post-War Council last night.
Freedom Mentioned
Other aims mentioned are freedom
from Hitler and aggression, more
control over determining their own
political, social and economic affairs
and peace with an international su-
pervision over armament limitatin.
"There must be a united willingness
to act against any country that starts
to arm in a militaristic or educational
sense," the MIT faculty member add-
ed.
"In the thirties, Germany had the
chance to lead Europe toward liberal-
ism and democracy, but she lost that
opportunity by the path that she
chose with Hitler." It will be many
years, Dr. Deutsch explained, before
the countries will be able to forget
that "German was the Hangman's
language."
Must Acquire Cooperation
Cooperation and trust is a habit
that the Big Three, Britain, Russia
and the United States, will have to
acquire in this war. This in turn
will lead to cooperation with all oth-
er countries, he said.
Annual Carnival
Will Be Held
Inter-Guild Council
Sponsors Festival
Booths, entertainment, refresh-
ments and square dancing will trans-
form Lane Hall into an amusement
center at 8:15 p.m. today, when In-
ter-Guild Council will present its an-
nual carnival, according to Marjorie
Cavins, '44, president of Inter-Guild.
Entertainment by students from
the International Center will high-
light the evening. Dorothy Tamura,
'44, of Oahu, Hawaii, will dance the
hula, and Gloria Corts and Feliza
Bailon, '45, from the Philippine Is-
lands, will present several Philippine
folk dances, accompanied by Edu-
ardo Salado.
The entertainment will also include
sleight-of-hand tricks by Lyle Al-
bright, Grad., and songs by Harriet
Porter, 44SM. Other featured events
will be a table-tennis tournament,
rat-races and games of skill.
Proceeds will be turned over to the
World Student Service Fund...
Youth Center
To Open Friday
The former Wolverine Cooperative
restaurant on S. State St. will re-
open soon as a Youth Center for
young people of high school age, it
was announced vestrdav.

Another GOP
Stassen, Forrestal Are
Possible Candidates;
Knox Funeral Monday
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 28. - The
sudden death of Secretary of the
Navy Knox shocked official Washing-
ton today and also posed the question
whether President Roosevelt would
keep the complexion of his wartime
cabinet unchanged by appointing a
Republican successor.
Knox, who died of a heart attack
at the age of 70, was one of two mem-
bers of the opposition party in the
cabinet. The other is Secretary of
War Stimson.
If Mr. Roosevelt decides to name
another Republican, it is believed one
of those considered may be Lt.-
Comm. Harold E. Stassen, youthful
former governor of Minnesota now
serving in the Pacific. Stassen's
friends are booming him for the
Republican presidential nomination
and he has made clear he will accept
the nominaton, if it is offered. He
might feel impelled to accept the
S~~"""~- Navy secretary-
ship from a sense
i '
of duty, however,
\ if it were offered.
Some members
of Congress said
privately they
hoped Undersecre-
tary James V. For-
restal would be
advanced -to his
late chief's post.
Forrestal, 52-year-old New York in-
vestment banker and a Democrat,
has been under secretary since 1940
and is familiar with the Navy De-
partment's administrative problems.
Funeral services for Knox will be
held Monday in the Mount Pleasant
Congregational Church at 2 p.m.
(EWT). They will be conducted by
Dr. Fred S. Buschmeyer, assisted by
Navy Chaplain S. W. Salisbury.
Burial will be in Arlington Nation-
al Cemetery with full military hon-
ors. Rear Admiral Louis E. Denfeld
will be the escort commander.
Ormandy Leads
Guest Orchestra
Beethoven's Seventh
To Open May Festival
The Fifty-First Annual May Fes-
tival, presenting six concerts in four
days by the world's great artists and
the Philadelphia Orchestra under Eu-
gene Ormandy, will present as its
opening work, Beethoven's Symphony
No. 7, the "Dance" symphony, at 8:30
p.m. Thursday in Hill Auditorium.
Salvatore Baccaloni, famous basso-
buffo of the Metropolitan Opera As-
sociation will be the feature artist on
the first program. Mr. Baccaloni will
sing arias by Mozart, Rossini, Per-
golesi and Cimarosa. Among the
other orchestral works to be present-
ed is Debussy's "Afternoon of a Faun."
Mozart's Symphony No. 35. "the
Haffner," together with Gustav Mah-
ler's "Das Lied von der Erde," will
make up Friday evening's program.
Of the six songs which make up the
Mahler "song symphony," Charles
Kullman, tenor, will perform "The
See ORMANDY, p. 4
Menefee States Unethical
Practices Cannot Endure
Prof. F. N. Menefee was errone-
ously quoted in Thursday's Daily as
having said, "I don't think that col-
lective bargaining is ethial or demo-
cratic."
Prof. Menefee stated yesterday that

he said, "some practices of the un-
ions are neither ethical or democratic
and are so fundamentally wrong that
sooner or later the laws governing
them will be changed, for I believe
that a fundamentally wrong policy or
practice cannot continue indefinitely

JAPANESE CHRISTIANS CARRY ON EVANGELISM:
Missionary Describes Experiences in Concentration Camp

By VIRGINIA ROCK
"My experiences during the twelve
months I spent in two Japanese con-
centration camps opened new win-

we must ever guard it from evil
influences outside and within Am-
erica."

plied that I couldn't take it either
without the help of Christ.
"Three days later I was digging

the church endure seeing a hungry
world?
'I hear a great deal about build-
ing a new world, and a warless

even this small band is endeavoring
to raise $125,000 (a half million yen)
for evangelism." It is the Christians
in Japan, he said, who must support

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