i .i LI
1 T ..ESDY..h1i._ 1s 7.a ' , 1q 44 ° G
GRIN AND BEAR IT
St , i A c MlL~M~T Us
Edited and man gec by student. o the University of
Michigan under the authity of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every mnori iing except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tues day during1the summer session.
,Membr of The AsiocIated Press
TheAssciaed res isexcusielyentitled to the use
for repiblication of ul! news dispaltehes credited to it or
otherwise erediled in ihi newaper A rights of repuib-
llcatlon o W al other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Pos 5O1icr at An Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail ma tte-
Subscriptions during the rey shool year by ear-
rier $4.25, by mal $52l
Member, Asmsciated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Jane Farnt .
Claire Sherman ,
Stan Wallace .
B Tud Low . . ..
Mary Anne Olson..
~1isaeth 'irpc-n ici
. . .Managing Editor
. di1oria1 Director
. . . . City Editor
. - . . Associate Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
Asociate Sports Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
A:,- t Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: DORIS PETERSON
Edi/orials Iblished ifi The Michigan Daily j
are iri//rn by memb1Cers of Th 1)aily staff
and represenl /he vis of // wri/ers only.I
Daily Enters Seventh
WITH THIS ISSUE, The Daily goes into its
seventh semester of wartime publication.
Although conditions have assumed a wartime
normalcy, the probem of giving University stu-
dents a true and unbiased picture of a campus
and world at war, remains extremely difficult.
The tendency toward wartime hysteria,
coupled with the vastness of news that must
hcs covered, raises innumerable problems, espe-
cially for a newspaper with a university scope.
It is our responsibility to present the facts to
the University students, and to reflect their
views on current problems.,
We, the senior editors for the coming semester,
will endeavor to maintain The Daily standards
of the past, and to see that The Daily serves the
University in its capacity as a student news-
Janie Farrant Stan Wallace
Claire Sherman Marjorie Borradaile
T1HE ()LONE1 -
llarkie'y lives 1l11) It)
Name of Wheeihorse
'TNCE 'I 'H I' last IpUbl i0,ioi othis newspaper,
TNC a n aaedBarkley has;lwcoflie a national
h erowith appropr atecairtOons celebrating his
ascent to the to> by aictorial representation
of the somewhat roug--he9ri and politically-
worn Kentucky gentleman as a sort of 1944
And how did he achieve the transitory fame
and favor of tic widely differentiated politicos
as Wendell Wikiee andi Tom Conn lly
l y very simply coning out from his depend-
ept post at the nation's capital long enough
ti indicate that he is , Southern Democrat at
heart and that ie iAst ran the President's
errands as long as it wai politically expedient.
To read into his,; :;onieWimO11 ridicuilouis speech
anything further is clImilly ridiculous. Ken-
ticky had (elected a ie(publN I governor and
Biarkley is tifor re-elu ion. The Democrati'
inajori ty was si ilniit;-; ata ,i splitting sinmul-
tOlneosly and meri lad to ebo ose sides. The
tax bill was asafe issoe and t ' President had
given one * rong reaon for the righit ieing.
Barkley very simply decided that eing right
amd liberal was all very ""well.bt that he wanted
to be On te popular side wen they started
counting poll tax ballots.
o WILLKIE, despite the fact that he saw the
terrible need for higher taxes, grinned glee-
fully as indeed le ight when Democratic
strength goes 10 he l And Dewey managed to
make even his Chlesire Cat1r1i0e finger in the
atmosphere for several d
Connally and 1,e other Democrats welcomed
Barkley back from tie ranks of the New Deal
into their increasifn Y reactionary body with
a resounding voe of conidence.
Between these two groups Dear Alben has
received enough praise. lIe is the wheelhorse
i hv hh ehasb eencaled in the nast by friend
NEW YORK, March 6.-A number of observ-
ers have reported that our fighting men seem
"muddled" as to what the war is al about, and
Mr. Hanson W. Baldwin, military commentator
of the New York Times, has just written on the
The consensus is that our servicemen's con-
versation rarely touches on the ideals for which
this war is being fought. In other words, the
amazing discovery has been made that soldiers
talk exactly like commuters and Congressmen.
Now, of course, the obvious answer to this is
that we ought to have "more classes" for our
troops, to explain to them that they are fighting
for human freedom. The theory is that if, later
on, in battle, a man happens to wonder how he
got into this fix, he will remember the explana-
tion he had heard last Thursday morning (read,
perhaps, rather haltingly, out of a manual, by
a bored lieutenant) and then he will feel better
and fight like hell.
I am sorry, but this approach seems to me a
short-cut to nowhere. I give you the un-
palatable fact that, since ours is a democratic
army, it accurately reflects the national mood;
and if our armed services are not singing
hymns to human freedom, neither is Congress,
neither is the State Department, and neither
is the President of the United States.
The mood at the top is a mood of expediency,
and moods are catching. We cannot smirk, at
the top, over smart deals we have made with the
relicts of a dead Europe, and have the men at
Conference Coun ni tttee
WHILE WE STUDENTS happily spent the
days of our between-terms vacation, the
House-Senate conference committee recom-
mended that Congress pass a restricted federal
ballot bill for soldiers--a bill that CIO President
Philip Murray Sunday termed a "technical ab-
surdity" which would disenfranchise those sol
diers now able to vote.
Under the provisions of the measure which
the conference group approved, federal ballots
are restricted to the use of the men and wo-
men overseas, and then only if they "are
authorized by the law of the states." Radford
Mobley in the Free Press has declared that "it
is apparent that the new bill would not permit
any more servicemen to vote than the present
Specifically, the bill provides that 1) service-
men and women stationed in the United States
may not use federal ballots, 2) those overseas
may use the federal ballot only if state legisla-
tures approve and if they have applied for a
state ballot by Sept. 1 and have not received it
by Oct. 1.
President Roosevelt has hinted at a possible
veto if the bill is passed. He is applying the
rigid test which the Congressional conference
apparently refused to consider. -Will the new
bill permit more servicemen and women to vote
than existing statutes?
N DECIDING this question, the president must
consider the following facts: 1) that registra-
tion and payment of poll taxes, waived by an
existing statute for members of the armed forces
whether stationed in the country or overseas,
will be required of all servicemen stationed in
the country if these requirements are part of the
state laws; 2) that while the compromise bill
authorizes a federal ballot under certain condi-
tions for servicemen overseas, it leanv ii up to
the states to accept or reject them.
Among the states the situation today is this:
out of ten state legislatures which have com-
pleted action on soldier vote legislation, Cali-
fornia's is the only one which has declared
that the federal ballot is legal. Though tak-
ing no steps to validate a federal ballot, nine
other states have declared that no new soldier
vote legislation is necessary.
Students have shown their support :f an
effective federal soldier-vote )ill in the all-
campus poll taken by MYDA and The Daily and
in the resolution approved by such groups as
the Post-War Council, Assembly, Panhel., and
the Union. As citizens students munst make
use of the democratic machinery available to
them. --Write your senators and representatives
and urge them to support and fight for a soldier-
vote bill which will giiarantee to as many serv-
icemen and women as possible the'ir colstitii-
tional right to cast a ballot and have their say
in the government of their country.
the bottom blaze with aspirations for a new
Europe. We cannot ask the G. I.'s to burn with
a hard, gemlike flame, while our diplomats re-
To ride one of Marshal Badogio's fascist
generals out of Naples on a rail would be better
than all the pro-democratic orientation
courses conceivable, important as they are.
To let him stay in Naples cancels the courses.
And we cannot have much better orientation
courses, because chapter one in the book would
have to say that many of the things we are
doing are wrong.
And can we expect our men to be clear when
we are not? This is our army; it is part of us;
its muddle is part of our muddle, as its flesh is
part of our flesh.
T-HE PROBLEM of army morale, therefore, is
a national problem, not just a G. I. problem.
And at home we have just had a blazing, irrel-
evant revival of domestic strife. No Congress-
man had time to make a speech against Hitler
on the day Senator Barkley thrilled us so by
breaking with the President.
The atmosphere of domestic bitterness is
not calculated to make Mr. Roosevelt bold in
tossing a Badoglio aside, either; the step
might be interpreted as "radical." He pauses.
We pause. The army, flesh of our flesh,
pauses, too. Not in a book, but in our hearts,
will we find the answers to the questions
raised by observers of Army morale.
If anyone supposes I am going to end this
piece by offering a solution to the problem, he
is out of his mind. Unfortunate nations some-
times have to crawl on their bellies for a genera-
tion to find answers to these hard questions. I
hope and pray we may not.
But the answer, definitely, is not mere instruc-
tion by an army officer who was probably picked,
in the first place, precisely because of his total
lack of interest in political problems; a procedure
that is one more testimonial to the doubts we
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
WASHINGTON, March 6.-The last thing you
would ever expect in the staid old State Depart-
ment is a strike. Yet the threat of a strike has
hung over Secretary Hull's head for several
weeks-and it looks as if it has worked.
The strike of career diplomats is directed
against Dr. Stanley Hornbeck, former Harvard
professor, who, ever since the Coolidge Adminis-
tration, has implanted his opinionated and fre-
quently erroneous views on the Far Eastern
Division of the State Department.
His job has been to tell successive Secre-
taries of State-Kellogg, Stimson and Hull-
what was going to happen in Japan and
China. And he has been so wrong regarding
both that, on November 22, 1941, just 15 days
before Pearl Harbor, he wrote an important
memorandum to the Secretary of State advis-
ing that Japan never would attack the United
THENCAME new Under-Secretary Ed Stet-
tiniuswith some ideas on State Department
reorganization. He set up three new divisions:
One on Japan, headed by Earl R Dickeman;
one on the Southwest Pacific, 'headed by Lawr-
ence Salisbury; one on China, headed by Frank
P. Lockhart, veteran U.S. consul in China.
All these were slated to operate under Dr.
Hornbeck. This was what started the strike.
Hitherto, Hornbeck had been an adviser on
political relations and was not supposed to
meddle in administration, though he frequently
did. But; under Stet~tinius' new reorganization
he was in charge of the whole Par East.
Whereupp the prospective chiefs of the
three new divisions struck. They wrot a
memo to Secretary Hull declining to accept
their new jobs if they had to serve under
Finally, as a compromise in the recent dispute,
it was decided that Hornbect should' remain,
but perhaps be promoted to the more rarefied
atmosphere of Assistant Secretary of State or be
allowed to take a university professorship at his
(Copyright. 1944, United Features Syndicate)
EZIO PINZA presented Ann Arbor
with a flawless program last
night, bringing to an end this sea-
son's Choral Union Series with a
memorable and highly enjoyable eve-
ning. It was evident from the very
first that Mr. Pinza had the tradi-
tional Italian voice and love for sing-
ing; this, coupled with his impec-
cable artistry was sure to bring
about just the sort of exquisite per-
formance as was heard here last
His program consisted chiefly of
Xtalian, 'French and English art
songs; and this fact itself is a chal-
lenge to one who has sung opera
so consistently and so well. There
is great contrast in the way that
these two forms of vocal music are
written and presented.
Opera is a large many-sided pro-
duction in which the artist is provid-
ed with and generally aided by the
scenery, makeup, orchestral colors
and other artists. In the art song
the singer is alone except for the
piano, and has only a small, limited
amount of time to produce his effect.
He may rely on nothing but his own
abilities. An analogy may be drawn
if one considers a small perfectly
cut diamond, the effect such a tiny
but beautiful stone may have, and
the amount of exact and painstaking
effort that went into producing that
gem. Compare this to a larger stone
that is placed with other jewels in
a large and grandiose setting; it may
have as brilliant an effect as the
smaller stone but one that is gen-
erally produced by the reflection of
The program shone to the fullest
in the light of Gibner King's ac-
companiment. Such work is an
art in itself and lrr. King certain-
ly has mastered that art, for his
P t 1944, cbkago Times. Inc.
"This soldier vote business has gone to Harold's head-all he wants
to talk about now is politics!"
definite and sympathetic playing
served as a fine backdrop for, the
Mr. Pinza opened his program with
several arias by Handel and some
Italian folk-songs. These were fol-
lowed by a group of French songs
which were beautifully done; he had
completely relaxed here and, singing
with assurance and precision, dem-
onstrated his fine breath control and
Carefully selected English songs
comprised the next group. Cato's
Adice by Huhn finished it with a
rollicking spirit which led to the
music of Mr. Pinza's homeland. Fi-
occa la Neve by Cimara was substi-
tuted towards the end, and he con-
cluded the program with several en-
cores" an aria from Mozart's Don
Giovanni, and "The Flea" by Mous-
sorgsky. -Jeant Athay
o , n s
,. _ :
y _ ^a
' ' a. ' . , . .
. + .'
(Continued from Page 3)
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary,
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
Health Lectures for Men: The re-
quired series of Health Lectures for,
Freshman men will be given in Rm.
35, Angell Hall, at 5:00 p.m. and
repeated at 7:30 p.m., March 7, 8,
9, 13, 14.
Successful completion of this series
of lectures is required of all men
students except those who have en-
tered the University with two years
of advanced standing.
Freshmen and other men students
who for any reason have failed to
complete this requirement for grad-
uation are asked to do so during the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music, and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 6. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Rm. 4, U.H., where it will be trans-
If you wish to finance the purchase
of a home, or if you have purchased.
improved property on a land con-
tract and owe a balance of approxi-
mately 60 per cent of the value of the
property, the Investment Office, 100
South Wing of University. Hull,
would be glad to discuss financing
through the medium of a first mort-
gage. Such financing may effect a
substantial saving in interest.
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information: Notice has
been received in the Bureau concern-
ing examinations to be given April
12 and 13, 1944, to applicants for
positions in the Newark, N.J. school
system for the year 1944-1945.
Anyone interested may get further'
information at 201 Mason Hall.
Iureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information: Notice has
been received in the Bureau concern-
ing examinations to be given March
20, to applicants for positions in the
Toledo school system for the year
Anyone interested may get further
information at 201 Mason Hall.
Scholarships-College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: Students
who wish to apply for scholarships in
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts, should obtain applica-
tion blanks in the office of Asst. Dean.
L. S. Woodburne, 1208 Angel Hall.
and return to this office no larci
than March 21
Mr. Raul Benedicto will lecture on
"Puerto Rico y su politica," under the
auspices of La Sociedad Hispanica, in
the Rackham amphitheatre on Wed-
nesday, March 8, at 8 p.m. Admis-
sion by ticket or uniform.
Madame Ioo Lecture Cancelled:
The Oratorical Association Lecture
Course number scheduled for Wed -
nesday night, March 8, has been can-
celled due to 'Madame IKoo's absence
from the country. Pierre Clemenceau
will speak here on Thursday, March
16, on the suhbject "France-Today
and T 6morrow."' Tickets issued for
the Madame Koo lecture will admit.
English 150 . (Playwriting) will meet
at 7:30 Wednesday evening, March
8, in 3217 A.H.
Political Science 272, Administra-
tive Management, formerly restricted
to graduate students, is now open to
upper classmen in the College of
Literature, Science and the Arts, and
other schools of the University. The
course is given for 3 hours credit on
Thursdays, 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. Those
interested register now.
Philosophy 37: MWF 11, 103 Ec.
Philosophy 198:,M 4, 202 MH.
History 11, Lecture Group III, sec-
tion 10 will meet MF 10-:00, in 101
Ec. instead of in Rm. G, HH as
History 39 will meet in Rm. G, HH
instead of in Rm. 101 Ec. as an-
nounced in the Supplement.
Exhibit: Museun of Art and Ar-
chaeology, Newberry Hall. The'Ar-
thur 0. Cummer Memorial Collection
of Arms. March 5-19. Week days,
9-5:; 7(0-9:30. Sundays, 3-5.
Junior lResearch Club: The March
meeting of the Club will be held at
7:30 p.m. tonight in the amphithea-
tre of the Rackham Building. The
prograim will be given by Oren C.
Mohler of the Department of Astron-
omy, and by Frank L. Schwartz of the
Department of Mechanical Engineer-
J)'acul y Members: A showing of
the motion picture film, "Military
Training," prepared by the Signal
Corps, U.S.A. to illustrate teaching
methods approved in Army military
tgaining, has been arranged for mem-
hers oif Ihe vn tricau facilties at 4:15
By Crockett Johnson
It's a letter from Aunt Ernma in
Washington. Probably offering to
put you up while you're there on
the negotiations for that don,.
Well, I'm off, m'boy. I'll have
Congress rush through a big
appropriation for this dam-
wih I could go.
hi like to see you
Possing laws and-
A fne idea. I'll arrange
such a trip. At once..
But, goodbye now, m'boy.
Mr O Malley.
t'py gI i 44 s ~.+<a
Aunt Emma says she'll be
delighted to have you, John.
. And she says can't you
arrange to bring Barnaby!
p~li Wedcsdy, Mrch15, in the
A ctdemic iNoice Rackham .tmphitheatre. The show-
ing is under the auspices of the
Graduate Students: Preliminar'y Deins' Conference, with the cooper-
examinations in French and German ation of the Department of Military
for the doctorate will be held on Fri- Science and Tactics.
dasy, March t0, from 4 to 6 pmn. in '-
the Amphitheatre of the Rackhan 'the Ann Arbor Library Club will
Building. Dictionaries may be used. meet on Friday, March 10, 1944, at
. 7:45 p.m., in Rm. 110 General Li-
Textbook Requisitions: Navy and brary.
Marine students wishing to make out At this meeting we shall have the
requisitions for textbooks which are privilege of visiting the bindery.
unobtainable at the West Quad Sup- Demonstrations of the various pro-
ply Depot shoul'd call at Rni. 1204 cesses and types of binding have been
Angell Hall, arranged by Mr. W. C. Hollands, Sup-
erintendent Emeritus of Printingand
English 164 (MWF, 10) will mIet Binding. Attention will also be given
in 2215 AH beginning Wednesday. to the exhibit of fine bindings in the
corridor of the library.
English 211e, Proseminar in Criti- Refreshments will be served by the
cism, will meet today at 4:00 (3223 staff of the Ann Arbor Public Library
AH) for organization and selection of at the close of the evening.
permanent meeting time.
Boania our na u:NS.1.139.
Jcr N SO Vr