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April 20, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-20

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VOL. LIV No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1944
Allies Carr Out Greatest Sustained erial

PRICE FIVE CENTS
ssault

Nazis Counterattack
In Southeast Poland
Fierce New German Drive Is Attempt
To Save Lwow; Reds Fail To Advance.
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 20, Thursday.-The Germans, lashing out fiercely to
save their big base at Lwow, have launched a large-scale attack in the
southeastern corner of Old Poland, and some lands -have changed hands
south and east of Stanislawow, the Russians announced last night, but
declared the enemy was repulsed.
The Soviet communique, which for the first time in weeks did not
record some notable Red Army advance, said that in the Crimea the Ger-
mans launched several vain counterattacks on the Sevastopol-Simferopol
highway, but the Russians gained several strongly-fortified defense centers
around Sevastopol itself, notably Fedyukhiny Heights, south of Inkerman

'lanes Hit Nazis
For Thirty Hours
Five Tons of Bombs Dropped Every
Minute in 'Air Invasion of Germany'

GOP' Names
Coy. Warren
As Keynoter
Californian Selected
In Apparent Bid for
West Coast Support
By The Associated Press1
CHICAGO, April 19.-The Repub-
licans called on tall, handsome Gov.
Earl Warren of California today to
sound the keynote for their June no-
minating convention in an apparent
bid for West Coast support in the No-
vember election. '
Warren, 53-year-old veteran lead-
er of the California Republican or-
ganization, was the unanimous choice
of the party's 24-member arrange-
ments committee for the temporary
chairman and keynoter.
House minority leader Joseph Mar-
tin of Massachusetts was recom-
mended as permanent chairman, a
post the convention itself officially
fills. Backed by national chairman
Harrison E. Spangler and Walter
Hailanan,. chairman of the arrange-
ments group, Warren was chosen af-
ter the names of a dozen other can-
didates had been brought before the
committee's closed session.
These included several governors
and senators as well as Representa-
tive Clare Booth Luce of Connecti-
cut, for whom J. Kenneth Bradley,
Connecticut national committeeman,
made a personal campaign. Although
leaders opposed the selection of a wo-
man as keynoter, it was reported that
Mrs. Luce would be invited to make
an important speech.
Irish Attempt
To Spare Rome
Proves Futile
WASHINGTON, April 19.-An ef-
fort by the Irish government to
secure assurances from the Germans
and the Allies that Rome will be
spared the ravages of war apparently
ended futilely today.
The attempt was disclosed with
publication of an exchange of notes
between Premier Eamon De Valera
of Eire and President Roosevelt. De-
Valera's was a plea that the belliger-
ents "seek through appropriate inter-
mediary channels an agreement by
which Rome may be saved." He said
a similar note was sent to Berlin.
Mr. Roosevelt's reply was a reiter-
ation of the Allied position--that the
Allies are deeply concerned over the
possibility that the Holy City may
suffer, but its fate is up to the
Germans.
"If the German forces were not
entrenched in Rome, no question
would arise concerning the city's
pieservation," Mr. Roosevelt told the
Irish Prime Minister.
De Valera's note told the President
that destruction of Rome would be
"a major calamity for the human
race" and added:
"Future generations will forget the
military considerations which may
now seem to dictate the occupation
or possession of Rome; but should
the city be destroyed, the fact of its
destruction would be remembered
forever.
"So too, should the city by agree-
ment be spared, future generations
will remember with enduring grati-
tude those states and their leaders
who will have preserved for the en-
noblement of mankind this great
center of Christian faith and civiliza-
tion."

>about five miles from the center of
the city.
Nazis Shoot Deserters
Captured and deserter Romanian
troops said German machine-gun-
ners were shooting down Romanians
who tried to leave the Sevastopol de-
fense trenches, the communique add-
ed. Many of the enemy were slain
and many captured as the survivors
were pressed inexorably back into the
sea, the Russians reported.
The Sevastopol battle took on more
and more the character of a siege,
however. The Russians announced
they were heavily shelling German
positions there.
Reds Take Towns
On the Bessarabian front the Rus-
sians reported they took several pop-
ulated places and enlarged their
bridgeheads on the west bank of the
Dnestr River in the Chisinau area,
killing 800 of the enemy and beating
off German attempts to regain lost
ground.
. A news dispatch from Moscow said
the offensive appeared to be a strong,
well-organized and systematic at-
tack by Germans and Hungarians
designed to stave off a drive in the
Lwow direction by troops of Marshal
Gregory K. Zhukov's First Ukrainian
Army.
A secondary purpose would be to
try to keep the Russians from driving
on through the Czechoslovak fron-
tier passes that they reached April 8.
Halifax To Talk
At Convocation
Here Tomorrow
Viscount Halifax, British Ambassa-
dor to the United States, will address
the 21st annual meeting of the Hon-
ors Convocation at 11 a.m. tomorrow
in Hill Auditorium.
All classes, with the exception of.
clinics, will be dismissed at 10:45 a.m.
to permit students to attend the
Convocation.
Honor students will be presented
with 653 citations recognizing their
academic achievements.
Viscount Halifax has had a long
career as a representative of the
British government, serving as a
Miember of Parliament, Undersecre-
tary for the Colonies, President of
the Bureau of Education and Viceroy
for India. In pre-war days, he was
Secretary of State for War and For-
eign Minister under Chamberlain. He
has been the British Ambassador at
Washington since 1940.
There will be 122 seniors with at
least a B average and ranking in the
highest ten per cent of their class
who will be honored at the Convo-
cation. Also 5 juniors, 61 sopho-
mores and 97 freshmen who earned
a 3.5 or higher average will receive
recognition. Ninety-nine members of
the Army Specialized Training Pro-
gram who achieved at least half A
and half B averages as well as 61
other students will also be honored.
Fellowships and scholarships will be
presented to 87 graduate students
and 68 will receive special awards.

TWO MEN IN DIVING SUITS ride one of Britain's newly-revealed weapons-the "Human Torpedo."
London has announced that this device, used against the enemy naval base at Palerno, Sicily, in
January of 1943, is ridden by two men who guide it near its target, set off the explosive charge with a
time fuse and then ride the propulsion part to saf ety.

EVERYTHING BUT DIPLOMAS-

'U' Commencement Exercises
Will Be Held Saturday, June 17

Dr. Frank E. Robbins, assistant to
the President of the University, is-
sued a statement yesterday answer-
ing numerous inquiries he has had
concerning plans for Commencement
and the ending of the spring term.
His statement follows:j
"The term ends Saturday, June
24, and presumably the last week
beginning with June 19 will be devot-
ed to examinations. The details of
the examination period of course are
determined by the appropriate com-
mittees or officers of the "various
schools and colleges, and I cannot
say exactly what the examination
schedule will be.
Graduation June 17
"The graduation exercises will be
held on Saturday, June 17, and will
be of the same character as those
which have been held at the end of
the summer and fall terms of this
year. In other words, whereas the
traditional program of graduation
exercises will be carried through, the
members of the graduating classes
will have to be presented as candi-
dates for their degrees rather than
as recipients of them.
"The reason why this type of grad-
uation exercises has to be held is the
following: the civilian teaching pro-
gram of the University has been
made to conform to the schedule of
Navy To Grant
Cornmissions
All students graduating inJune
may apply for commissions in the
Navy, but they must secure their
application blanks and other in-
formation as soon as possible, C.
T. Olmstead, assistant Dean of
Students, said yesterday.
"It is imperative," he pointed
out, "that the applications be
'matured,' as the Navy terms it.
Since this takes from three to six
week, any students interested
should get things started imme-
diately."
Application blanks and infor-
mation may be obtained from the
Director of Naval Officer Pro-
curement in the Book Building,
Detroit.
This information was received
last week in Chicago at the meet-
ing of the National Association of
Deans and Advisers of Men.

the Navy V-12 program. This is a
real necessity for otherwise we would
have to carry on two schedules in-
stead of one and the amalgamation
of the two is made possible by the
fact that Navy and Marine students
are quite generally permitted to en-
roll in the same classes as civilians.
16 Week Courses Required
"Our contract with the Navy speci-
fies that there shall be sixteen full
weeks, of instruction in each term
into which the time taken for exami-
nations is reckoned. The Navy pro-
gram, however, does not permit us to
include in the sixteen, weeks term the
three or four days after the final
examinations which are necessary at
the end of .a term if diplomas are to
be issued to recipients at the gradua-
tion exercises. Such a period is need-
ed in order to get in all the examina-
tion reports, complete the records of
the graduates and to make the final
lists of those who have satisfied the
requirements for degrees.
Conditions Set
"Under these circumstances it-seems
unavoidable to hold the type of
graduating exercise that we have
since the University began its work
for the Navy. The only alternative
would be to hold over all the gradu-
ates until the Wednesday or Thurs-
day after June 24. If this were done
diplomas could be prepared and
handed out but we have hesitated to
ask the graduates to remain in Ann
Arbor after their work is really done
for many reasons, especially in war-
time, when the majority are presum-
ably eager to get away as soon as
they can."
Billions Voted
For Lend-Lease
House OK's Program,
But Adds Restriction
WASHINGTON, April 19.-- UP) -
The House voted today, 334 to 21, to
extend the $22,000,000,000 lend-lease
program another year but warily
wrote into the law a curb on the
President's power to take on any
post-war obligations for the nation.
Proponents, in the three-day de-
bate, described the lend-lease idea as
one of the most "magnificent weap-
ons of warfare" devised by the United
States in behalf of friendly countries.
All 21 against the extension are
Republicans, all but one from the
Mid-west belt.

Schoolmasters
To Hold Annual
Convention Here
Three-Day Conference
Is Expected To Draw
2,500 State Teachers
The 58th annual meeting of the
Michigan Schoolmasters' Club will
start today with two conferences on
education.
A majority of the conferences and
general meetings of the club will be
held tomorrow and Saturday, drawing
approximately 2,500 teachers and ed-
ucators from all over the state.
Members may register in Rm. 4,
University Hall and programs may be
secured there.
The 15th annual conference on
Teacher Education meets at 9:30 a.m.
today in the auditorium of Univer-
sity High School to discuss the Mich-
igan and national studies of teacher
education. At 2 p.m. the Bureau of
Co-operation with Educational In-
stitutions will sponsor a program at
the Union on problems of adjusting
higher institutions to war demands
and at 4:15 p.m. in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre Boyd H. Bode will
address the annual Convocation hon-
oring students planning to enter the
teaching profession. Winners of the
Hinsdale and the Payne awards will
also be announced at this meeting
which is open to all interested per-
sons.
At 2 p.m. today in Rm. 316 of the
Union, the tenth annual conference
on Problems in School and College
See SCHOOLMASTERS, Page 2
Variety Show
To Be Saturday
Broadcast To Salute
Campus Servicemen
Army, Navy and Marine trainees
on campus will receive a national sa-
lute Saturday when the last 25 min-
utes of Victory Varieties will be
broadcast coast-to-coast from the
stage of Hill Auditorium.
Open free of charge to servicemen,
students and townspeople, the show
will feature Eddy Howard and his or-
chestra,, in a pre-broadcast concert,
beginning at 8:15 p.m. followed by
the Coca-Cola Company's "Victory
Parade of Spotlight Bands" starting
at 9:30 p.m. The program will be
carried by 173 stations of the Blue
Network and will focus attention on
the University and its wartime activi-
ties.
The first floor of the auditorium
will be reserved for men in uniform,
students, faculty members and guests
until 8:30 p.m.
Heard six nights a week, the Spot-
light Band Program is now in its 83rd
week, having traveled more than
607,000 "Spotlight miles" and being
broadcast from Army, Navy, Marine,
Coast Guard and war production
centers.
GI Stomp Will Be Held

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 19.-American and
British warplanes developed the
greatest sustained aerial assault of
the war today, rounding out a 30-
hour offensive against Germany and
Nazi - occupied territories during
which bombs were dropped almost
continuously at the average rate of
300 tons an hour, or five tons a
minute.
The Allies in more than 6,000
flights between noon Tuesday and
6 p.m. today poured 9,000 tons of
bombs on selected German targets,
the Americans capping the period
with a blow by 2,000 heavy bombers
and fighters against plane factories
and parking fields near Kassel and
Hamm in Germany and installations
near Calais in France.
Air Invasion of Germany
The U.S. Air Forces communique
referred to the offensive as "the aid
invasion of Germany." The more
enthusiastic protagonists of air power
in London began speaking of the pos-
sibility of breaking the back of the
German Air Force in two or three
weeks if the weather holds out.
The German Air Force apparent-
ly was driven to the earth today.
Although conditions were ideal for
combat and the American heavies
were ferreting out some of Germany's
most vital targets, the Germans put
up only a token resistance.
End Nowhere in Sight
Aerial warfare never before has
witnessed a bombardment of such
sustained volume and violence, and
the end is nowhere in sight. Those
who have followed the European air
war closely the last few months felt
certain that the present pace of the
attack can not only be maintained,
but can be increased from British
bases augmented further from the
Italian theatre.
The Allied 30-hour offensive cost
less than one per cent of the at-
tacking force.
All today's operations cost six
bombers and two fighters, the Am-
erican communique said. This brought
total U.S. and RAF losses for the
entire around-the-clock onslaughts
to 42 bombers and seven fighters.
The Americans today reported they
shot down 21 of the small forces of
Jap Blocks in
India Broken
British Relief Contacts
Surrounded Garrison
By The Associated Press
A British relief column has broken
through a series of Japanese blocks
in eastern India and established con-
tact with the surrounded garrison at
Kohima, which has been under con-
tinuous attack by a numerically su-
perior invading force.
Dispatches from Calcutta yester-
day (Wednesday) said the main body
of British drove down from the stra-
tegic -nd threatened Bengal-Assam
railway to within 1,000 yards of the
garrison's defense line and was pre-
paring to attack the Japanese from
the rear.
Sixty miles to the south, tanks led
British and Indian infantrymen from
Imphal in smashing at encircling
enemy troops. Allied southeast Asia
headquarters announced 4,000 dead
Nipponese soldiers had been counted
during the six weeks they've been
trying to capture the two British
bases.
In the central Pacific American
)ombers rounded out four weeks of
daily raids on Japan's Caroline Is-
lands. During that period 15 atolls
in the 2,000 mile long chain have
been hit.
100 Tickets To Be
Sold for Engine Ball

"There are only one hundred tic-
kets left on sale for the Slide Rule
Ball," Joe Linker, '44E, who is in
charge of sales for the dance, an-
nounced last night.
Late comers may still purchase
theirs at the Tnion Dessk in the

German fighters that rose to meet
them.
Today another 2,000-plane Ameri-
an force made the grand assault on
fighter factories in the vicinity of
Kassel, Germany, and on hangars,
barracks and parked rows of new
German planes at Eschwege, Pader-
born, Gutersloh, Lippstadt and Werl,
all in the Kassel and Hamm vicini-
ties. Results were declared to be
"generally satisfactory."
Pad gett Found
Guilty of First
Degree Murder
Prisoner Still Pleads
Innocence; Sentence
Is Life Imprisonment
A jury of eleven men and one wo-
man handed down a verdict of guilty
of first degree murder against Will-
iam H. Padgett in Ann Arbor Circuit
Court yesterday.
Padgett, 50 years old, was on re-
trial for the murder of Clifford A.
Stang, Ann Arbor patrolman, at the
Conlin and Weatherbee clothing
store on Main Street nine years ago.
Judge James E. Chenot, Wayne
County Circuit Judge especially ap-
pointed b the State Supreme Court
to handle the case, sentenced Padg
ett to life imprisonment with solitary
confinement and hard labor at Jack-
son State Prison.
Padgett told the judge, "I still
maintain I am innocent. I was never
in the city of Ann Arbor in my life,
and definitely was not at the scene of
the crime."
As Padgett was led away by a
Washtenaw County Deputy Sheriff
he asked for a conference with the
Prosecutor and his own attorney.
Padgett took the stand at 10 a.m.
yesterday to testify in his own behalf.
He maintained that he knew nothing
about the store, and that he had nev-
er been in Ann Arbor in his life. He
established his whereabouts on the
day of the crime as in or about York
or Harrisburg, Pa.
Padgett has been in Marquette
State Prison and Jackson State Pri-
son since the previous trial, which
took place in June of 1936. He was in
Marquette Prison for seven years,
and in Jackson Prison for the past
seven months.
Danube Mined
By RAF Fliers
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NAPLES, April 19.--MP-The strain
on battered and overloaded Nazi
communications supplying German
forces on the southern Russian front
was disclosed today to have been
increased tremendously by the min-
ing of 300 miles of the Danube River,
historic and all-important commer-
cial lifeline of southeastern Europe.
British bombers spent several
nights dropping mines along the
river and shooting up vessels from
Budapest to Bucharest. The Axis
radio announced that all traffic had
been halted on the great waterway.
The river has been the principal
channel along which Romanian oil,
as well as grain and other loot from
the Balkans, flowed toward Germany.
Its importance to Nazi war plans has
become even more vital as the Rus-
sian Army pushed into Romania.
Anti-Poll Tax Law
Petitions Continue
Continuing their drive to obtain
signatures on Anti-Poll Tax Bill peti-
tions, Michigan Youth for Democra-
tic Action and Inter-Racial Associa-
tion will again sponsor a booth in

front of the Library today.
Yesterday, members of the two
organizations distributed literature
and obtained signatures both on
campus and downtown.
*ow * n.

FUEHRER WEATHERS STORMS:

'Rally Behind Hitler,

' Goebbels Asks

LONDON, April 19.-(Al)- Nazi
Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph
Goebbels addressed an unusual
appeal to the German people to-
night to rally behind Adolf Hitler,
who celebrates his 55th birthday
tomorrow, reminding them that,
"Even the greatest leaders of his-

individual war events and factors
which have been decisive in the
war until the war is over. . . . It
needs a well-trained eye to discern
the trend of historical develop-
ments while a war is still going on."
Suggesting that many Germans
may not approve of Hitler. Goeb-

defined but unalterable. So to serve
our aims means to be loyal to the
Fuehrer and to follow him through
all the storms of war . . .
"It is difficult to remain true to
the cause in a continuous embit-
tered fight for the life of a nation."
For Germans who might wonder

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